Yaping Qian

Wenzhou Medical College, Yung-chia, Zhejiang Sheng, China

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Publications (30)105.98 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the pathophysiology of Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON). Seventy-one subjects from three Chinese families with LHON underwent clinical, genetic, molecular, and biochemical evaluations. Biochemical characterizations included the measurements of the rates of endogenous, substrate-dependent respirations, the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production and generation of reactive oxygen species using lymphoblastoid cell lines derived from five affected matrilineal relatives of these families and three control subjects. Ten of 41 matrilineal relatives exhibited variable severity and age at onset of optic neuropathy. The average age at onset of optic neuropathy in matrilineal relatives of the three families was 5, 11, and 24 years, respectively. Molecular analysis identified the ND1 T3866C (I187T) mutation and distinct sets of polymorphisms belonging to the Eastern Asian haplogroups D4a, M10a, and R, respectively. The I187T mutation is localized at the highly conserved isoleucine at a transmembrane domain of the ND1 polypeptide. The marked reductions in the rate of endogenous, malate/glutamate-promoted and succinate/glycerol-3-phosphate-promoted respiration were observed in mutant cell lines carrying the T3866C mutation. The deficient respiration is responsible for the reduced ATP synthesis and increased generation of reactive oxygen species. Our data convincingly show that the ND1 T3866C mutation leads to LHON. This mutation may be insufficient to produce a clinical phenotype. Other modifier factors may contribute to the phenotypic manifestation of the T3866C mutation. The T3866C mutation should be added to the list of inherited factors for molecular diagnosis of LHON. Thus, our findings may provide new insights into the understanding of pathophysiology and valuable information on the management of LHON.
    Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 05/2012; 53(8):4586-94. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The ND4 G11778A mutation is the most common mitochondrial DNA mutation leading to Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON). Despite considerable clinical evidences, the modifier role of nuclear background and mitochondrial haplotypes in phenotypic manifestation of LHON remains poorly understood. We investigated the effect of these modifiers on bioenergetics in lymphoblastoid cell lines derived from five affected subjects of one Chinese family carrying the G11778A mutation and five Chinese controls. Significant reductions in the activities of complexes I and III were observed in mutant cell lines from the Chinese family, whereas the mutant cell lines from other families carrying the same mutation exhibited only reduced activity of complex I. The reduced activities of complexes I and III caused remarkably higher reductions of ATP synthesis in mutant cell lines from the Chinese family than those from other families. The deficient respiration increased generation of reactive oxygen species. The defect in complex III activity, likely resulting from the mitochondrial haplotype or nuclear gene alteration, worsens mitochondrial dysfunction caused by the G11778A mutation, thereby causing extremely high penetrance and expressivity of optic neuropathy in this Chinese family. Our data provide the first experimental evidence that altered activity of complex III modulates the phenotypic manifestation of LHON-associated G11778A mutation. Thus, our findings may provide new insights into the pathophysiology of LHON.
    Mitochondrion 07/2011; 11(6):871-7. · 4.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Despite maternal transmission of hypertension in some pedigrees, pathophysiology of maternally inherited hypertension remains poorly understood. To establish a causative link between mitochondrial dysfunction and essential hypertension. A total of 106 subjects from a large Chinese family underwent clinical, genetic, molecular, and biochemical evaluations. Fifteen of 24 adult matrilineal relatives exhibited a wide range of severity in essential hypertension, whereas none of the offspring of affected fathers had hypertension. The age at onset of hypertension in the maternal kindred varied from 20 years to 69 years, with an average of 44 years. Mutational analysis of their mitochondrial genomes identified a novel homoplasmic 4263A>G mutation located at the processing site for the tRNA(Ile) 5'-end precursor. An in vitro processing analysis showed that the 4263A>G mutation reduced the efficiency of the tRNA(Ile) precursor 5'-end cleavage catalyzed by RNase P. tRNA Northern analysis revealed that the 4263A>G mutation caused ≈46% reduction in the steady-state level of tRNA(Ile). An in vivo protein-labeling analysis showed ≈32% reduction in the rate of mitochondrial translation in cells carrying the 4263A>G mutation. Impaired mitochondrial translation is apparently a primary contributor to the reductions in the rate of overall respiratory capacity, malate/glutamate-promoted respiration, succinate/glycerol-3-phosphate-promoted respiration, or N,N,N',N'-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine/ascorbate-promoted respiration and the increasing level of reactive oxygen species in cells carrying the 4263A>G mutation. These data provide direct evidence that mitochondrial dysfunction caused by mitochondrial tRNA(Ile) 4263A>G mutation is involved in essential hypertension. Our findings may provide new insights into pathophysiology of maternally transmitted hypertension.
    Circulation Research 04/2011; 108(7):862-70. · 11.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report here the clinical, genetics and molecular characterization of a five-generation Han Chinese family with Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON). Strikingly, this family exhibits very high penetrance and occurrence of optic neuropathy. In particular, 25 (10 males/15 females) of 30 matrilineal relatives exhibited the variable severity, ranging from profound to mild of visual impairment. This penetrance of optic neuropathy in this Chinese family is much higher than those in many families with LHON worldwide. The age-at-onset for visual impairment in matrilineal relatives in this Chinese family varied from 7 to 24years old, with the average of 15 years old. Furthermore, the ratio between affected male and female matrilineal relatives is 1:1.5 in the Chinese family. This observation is in contrast with the typical features in LHON pedigrees that there was predominance of affected males in LHON in many families from different ethnic origins. Molecular analysis of mitochondrial genome identified the known ND4 G11778A mutation and 51 variants, belonging to Asian haplogroup C4a1. The absence of other known secondary LHON-associated and functionally significant mtDNA mutations in this Chinese family suggested that mitochondrial variants may not play an important role in the phenotypic manifestation of the G11778A mutation in this Chinese family. Therefore, nuclear modifier gene(s) may be responsible for very high penetrance and occurrence of optic neuropathy in this Chinese pedigree.
    Molecular Genetics and Metabolism 08/2010; 100(4):379-84. · 2.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mitochondrial 12S rRNA 1555A>G mutation is one of the important causes of aminoglycoside-induced and nonsyndromic deafness. Our previous investigations showed that the A1555G mutation was a primary factor underlying the development of deafness but was insufficient to produce deafness phenotype. However, it has been proposed that mitochondrial haplotypes modulate the phenotypic manifestation of the 1555A>G mutation. Here, we performed systematic and extended mutational screening of 12S rRNA gene in a cohort of 1742 hearing-impaired Han Chinese pediatric subjects from Zhejiang Province, China. Among these, 69 subjects with aminoglycoside-induced and nonsyndromic deafness harbored the homoplasmic 1555A>G mutation. These translated to a frequency of approximately 3.96% for the 1555A>G mutation in this hearing-impaired population. Clinical and genetic characterizations of 69 Chinese families carrying the 1555A>G mutation exhibited a wide range of penetrance and expressivity of hearing impairment. The average penetrances of deafness were 29.5% and 17.6%, respectively, when aminoglycoside-induced hearing loss was included or excluded. Furthermore, the average age-of-onset for deafness without aminoglycoside exposure ranged from 5 and 30years old, with the average of 14.5years. Their mitochondrial genomes exhibited distinct sets of polymorphisms belonging to ten Eastern Asian haplogroups A, B, C, D, F, G, M, N, R and Y, respectively. These indicated that the 1555A>G mutation occurred through recurrent origins and founder events. The haplogroup D accounted for 40.6% of the patient's mtDNA samples but only 25.8% of the Chinese control mtDNA samples. Strikingly, these Chinese families carrying mitochondrial haplogroup B exhibited higher penetrance and expressivity of hearing loss. In addition, the mitochondrial haplogroup specific variants: 15927G>A of haplogroup B5b, 12338T>C of haplogroup F2, 7444G>A of haplogroup B4, 5802T>C, 10454T>C, 12224C>T and 11696G>A of D4 haplogroup, 5821G>A of haplogroup C, 14693A>G of haplogroups Y2 and F, and 15908T>C of Y2 may enhance the penetrace of hearing loss in these Chinese families. Moreover, the absence of mutation in nuclear modifier gene TRMU suggested that TRMU may not be a modifier for the phenotypic expression of the 1555A>G mutation in these Chinese families. These observations suggested that mitochondrial haplotypes modulate the variable penetrance and expressivity of deafness among these Chinese families.
    Mitochondrion 10/2009; 10(1):69-81. · 4.03 Impact Factor
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    Yaping Qian, Min-Xin Guan
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    ABSTRACT: The mitochondrial 12S rRNA A1555G mutation is one of the important causes of aminoglycoside-induced and nonsyndromic hearing loss. Here we employed an RNA-directed chemical-modification approach to understanding the pathogenesis of aminoglycoside-induced hearing loss. The patterns of chemical modification of RNA oligonucleotides carrying the A1555G mutation by dimethyl sulfate (DMS) were distinct from those of the RNA oligonucleotides carrying wild-type sequence in the presence of aminoglycosides. In the RNA analogue carrying the A1555G mutation, reduced reactivity to DMS occurred in base G1555 as well as in bases C1556 and A1553 in the presence of paromomycin, neomycin, gentamicin, kanamycin, tobramycin, or streptomycin. In particular, base G1555 exhibited marked but similar levels of protection in the presence of 0.1 microM to 100 microM neomycin, gentamicin, or kanamycin. In contrast, the levels of protection in base G1555 appeared to be correlated with the concentration of paromycin, tobramycin, or streptomycin. Furthermore, increasing reactivities to DMS in the presence of these aminoglycosides were observed for bases A1492, C1493, C1494, and A1557 in the RNA analogue carrying the A1555G mutation. These data suggested that the A1555G mutation altered the binding properties of aminoglycosides at the A site of 12S rRNA and led to local conformational changes in 12S rRNA carrying the A1555G mutation. The interaction between aminoglycosides and 12S rRNA carrying the A1555G mutation provides new insight into the pathogenesis of aminoglycoside ototoxicity.
    Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 09/2009; 53(11):4612-8. · 4.57 Impact Factor
  • Yaping Qian, Min-Xin Guan
    Mitochondrion 01/2009; 9(1):74-74. · 4.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the role of mitochondrial modifiers in the development of deafness associated with 12S rRNA A1555G mutation. Four Chinese families with nonsyndromic and aminoglycoside-induced deafness were studied by clinical and genetic evaluation, molecular and biochemical analyses of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). These families exhibited high penetrance and expressivity of hearing impairment. Penetrances of hearing loss in WZD31, WZD32, WZD33, and WZD34 pedigrees ranged from 50 to 67% and from 39 to 50%, respectively, when aminoglycoside-induced hearing loss was included or excluded. Matrilineal relatives in these families developed hearing loss at the average of 14, 13, 16, and 15 years of age, respectively, when aminoglycoside-induced deafness was excluded. Mutational analysis of entire mtDNA in these families showed the homoplasmic A1555G mutation and distinct sets of variants belonging to haplogroup B5b1. Of these, the tRNA G15927A mutation locates at the fourth base in the anticodon stem (conventional position 42) of tRNA. A guanine (G42) at this position of tRNA is highly conserved from bacteria to human mitochondria. The lower levels and altered electrophoretic mobility of tRNA were observed in cells carrying A1555G and G15927A mutations or only G15927A mutation but not cells carrying only A1555G mutation. The abolished base pairing (28C-42G) of this tRNA by the G15927A mutation caused a failure in tRNA metabolism, worsening the mitochondrial dysfunctions altered by the A1555G mutation. The G15927A mutation has a potential modifier role in increasing the penetrance and expressivity of the deafness-associated 12S rRNA A1555G mutation in those Chinese pedigrees.
    Pharmacogenetics and Genomics 10/2008; 18(12):1059-70. · 3.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report here the clinical, genetic, and molecular characterization of a large Han Chinese family with aminoglycoside-induced and nonsyndromic hearing loss. Two and 13 of 66 matrilineal relatives suffered from aminoglycoside-induced and nonsyndromic hearing loss, respectively. These matrilineal relatives exhibited a wide range of severity of hearing loss, varying from profound to normal hearing. In the absence of aminoglycosides, the age-at-onset of hearing impairment in these matrilineal relatives ranged from 13 to 50years. Furthermore, these affected matrilineal relatives shared some common features: bilateral hearing loss of high frequencies and symmetries. Sequence analysis of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in the pedigree identified the homoplasmic 12S rRNA C1494T mutation and other 34 variants belonging to Eastern Asian haplogroup F1. Of these, the variant T5628C occurs at an extremely conserved nucleotide (A31) of tRNA(Ala). This variant converted a very conservative A-U to a G-U base-pairing at AC-stem of this tRNA. The disruption of this base-pairing in tRNAs by mtDNA mutations has been associated with several clinical abnormalities. The alteration of structure of the tRNA(Ala) by the T5628C mutation may lead to a failure in tRNA metabolism and lead to impairment of mitochondrial translation, thereby worsening mitochondrial dysfunctions, caused by the C1494T mutation. Therefore, this mtDNA mutation may influence the phenotypic manifestation of the 12S rRNA C1494T mutation in this Chinese pedigree.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 07/2007; 357(2):554-60. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) have been found to be associated with sensorineural hearing loss. We report here the clinical, genetic and molecular characterizations of seven Han Chinese pedigrees with aminoglycoside-induced and nonsyndromic bilateral hearing loss. Clinical evaluation revealed the variable phenotype of hearing impairment including severity, age-at-onset and audiometric configuration in these subjects. The penetrance of hearing loss in these pedigrees ranged from 3% to 29%, with an average of 13.6%, when aminoglycoside-induced deafness was included. When the effect of aminoglycosides was excluded, the penetrances of hearing loss in these seven pedigrees varied from 0% to 17%, with an average of 5.3%. Sequence analysis of the complete mitochondrial genomes in these pedigrees showed the presence of the deafness-associated 12S rRNA A1555G mutation, in addition to distinct sets of mtDNA polymorphism belonging to East Asian haplogroups B4, D4, D5 and F1, respectively. This suggested that the A1555G mutation occurred sporadically and multiplied through evolution of the mtDNA in China. Despite the presence of several evolutionary conservative variants in protein-encoding genes, there was the absence of functionally significant mutations in tRNA and rRNAs or secondary LHON mutations in these seven Chinese families. These suggest that these mtDNA haplogroup-specific variants may not play an important role in the phenotypic expression of the A1555G mutation in those Chinese families with very low penetrance of hearing loss. However, aminoglycosides appear to be a major modifier factor for the phenotypic manifestation of the A1555G mutation in these Chinese families.
    Gene 06/2007; 393(1-2):11-9. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report here the characterization of a four-generation Han Chinese family with Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON). This Chinese family exhibited a variable severity and age-at-onset of visual loss. Notably, the average age-at-onset of vision impairment changed from 26 years (generation III) to 14 years (generation IV), with the average of 18 years in this family. In addition, 30% and 50% of matrilineal relatives in generation III and IV of this family developed visual loss with a variability of severity, ranging from blindness to normal vision. Sequence analysis of the complete mitochondrial DNA in this pedigree revealed the presence of the homoplasmic ND4 G11778A mutation and 33 other variants, belonging to the Asian haplogroup D4. Of other variants, the homoplasmic G11696A mutation in the ND4 gene is of special interest as it was implicated to be associated with LHON in a large Dutch family and five Chinese pedigrees with extremely penetrance of visual loss. In fact, the G11696A mutation caused the substitution of an isoleucine for valine at amino acid position 313, located in a predicted transmembrane region of ND4. These imply that the G11696A mutation may act in synergy with the primary LHON-associated G11778A mutation in this Chinese pedigree.
    Mitochondrion 01/2007; 7(1-2):140-6. · 4.03 Impact Factor
  • Mitochondrion 01/2007; 7(6):430-430. · 4.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report here on the clinical, genetic, and molecular characterization of three Han Chinese pedigrees with aminoglycoside-induced and nonsyndromic hearing loss. Clinical evaluation revealed the variable phenotype of hearing loss including severity, age-at-onset, audiometric configuration in these subjects. Penetrances of hearing loss in BJ107, BJ108, and BJ109 pedigrees are 35%, 63%, and 67%, respectively. Mutational analysis of the complete mitochondrial genomes in these pedigrees showed the identical homoplasmic A1555G mutation and distinct sets of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variants belonging to haplogroups N, F, and M, respectively. Of these variants, the A14693G mutation in the tRNA(Glu), the T15908C mutation in the tRNA(Thr), and the T10454C mutation in the tRNA(Arg) are of special interest as these mutations occur at positions which are highly evolutionarily conserved nucleotides of corresponding tRNAs. These homoplasmic mtDNA mutations were absent among 156 unrelated Chinese controls. The A14693G and T10454C mutations occur at the highly conserved bases of the TpsiC-loop of tRNA(Glu) and tRNA(Arg), respectively. Furthermore, the T15908C mutation in the tRNA(Thr) disrupts a highly conserved A-U base-pairing at the D-stem of this tRNA. The alteration of structure of these tRNAs by these mtDNA mutations may lead to a failure in tRNA metabolism, thereby causing impairment of mitochondrial translation. Thus, mitochondrial dysfunctions, caused by the A1555G mutation, would be worsened by these mtDNA mutations. Therefore, these mtDNA mutations may have a potential modifier role in increasing the penetrance and expressivity of the deafness-associated 12S rRNA A1555G mutation in those Chinese pedigrees.
    American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 11/2006; 140(20):2188-97. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) have been found to be associated with sensorineural hearing loss. We report here the clinical, genetic, and molecular characterization of three Chinese pedigrees (a total of 43 matrilineal relatives) with aminoglycoside-induced impairment. Clinical evaluation revealed the variable phenotype of hearing impairment including audiometric configuration in these subjects, although these subjects shared some common features: being bilateral and sensorineural hearing impairment. Strikingly, only probands of these Chinese pedigrees exhibited severe to profound hearing loss. Mutational analysis of the mtDNA in these pedigrees showed the presence of homoplasmic 12S rRNA T1095C mutation, which has been associated with hearing impairment in several families. Sequence analysis of the complete mitochondrial genomes in these pedigrees showed the identical homoplasmic T1095C mutation and distinct sets of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variants belonging to haplogroups M11C. Despite the presence of several highly evolutionarily conservative variants in protein-encoding genes and 16S rRNA gene, the extremely low penetrance of hearing loss with the T1095C mutation implies that the mitochondrial variants may not play an important role in the phenotypic expression of the T1095C mutation in these Chinese families. However, the history of exposure to aminoglycosides in these three hearing-impaired subjects suggested that the aminoglycosides very likely are the cause of hearing loss.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 10/2006; 348(1):200-5. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report here the characterization of a four-generation Han Chinese family with maternally transmitted diabetes mellitus. Six (two males/four females) of eight matrilineal relatives in this family exhibited diabetes. The age of onset in diabetes varies from 15 years to 33 years, with an average of 26 years. Two of affected matrilineal relatives also exhibited hearing impairment. Molecular analysis of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) showed the presence of heteroplasmic tRNA(Lue(UUR)) A3243G mutation, ranging from 35% to 58% of mutations in blood cells of matrilineal relatives. The levels of heteroplasmic A3243G mutation seem to be correlated with the severity and age-at-onset of diabetes in this family. Sequence analysis of the complete mitochondrial genome in this pedigree revealed the presence of the A3243G mutation and 38 other variants belonging to the Eastern Asian haplogroup M7C. However, none of other mtDNA variants are evolutionarily conserved and implicated to have significantly functional consequence. Thus, the A3243G mutation is the sole pathogenic mtDNA mutation associated with diabetes in this Chinese family.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 10/2006; 348(1):115-9. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The human mitochondrial 12S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) A1555G mutation has been associated with aminoglycoside-induced and nonsyndromic deafness in many families worldwide. Our previous investigation revealed that the A1555G mutation is a primary factor underlying the development of deafness but is not sufficient to produce a deafness phenotype. However, it has been proposed that nuclear-modifier genes modulate the phenotypic manifestation of the A1555G mutation. Here, we identified the nuclear-modifier gene TRMU, which encodes a highly conserved mitochondrial protein related to transfer RNA (tRNA) modification. Genotyping analysis of TRMU in 613 subjects from 1 Arab-Israeli kindred, 210 European (Italian pedigrees and Spanish pedigrees) families, and 31 Chinese pedigrees carrying the A1555G or the C1494T mutation revealed a missense mutation (G28T) altering an invariant amino acid residue (A10S) in the evolutionarily conserved N-terminal region of the TRMU protein. Interestingly, all 18 Arab-Israeli/Italian-Spanish matrilineal relatives carrying both the TRMU A10S and 12S rRNA A1555G mutations exhibited prelingual profound deafness. Functional analysis showed that this mutation did not affect importation of TRMU precursors into mitochondria. However, the homozygous A10S mutation leads to a marked failure in mitochondrial tRNA metabolisms, specifically reducing the steady-state levels of mitochondrial tRNA. As a consequence, these defects contribute to the impairment of mitochondrial-protein synthesis. Resultant biochemical defects aggravate the mitochondrial dysfunction associated with the A1555G mutation, exceeding the threshold for expressing the deafness phenotype. These findings indicate that the mutated TRMU, acting as a modifier factor, modulates the phenotypic manifestation of the deafness-associated 12S rRNA mutations.
    The American Journal of Human Genetics 09/2006; 79(2):291-302. · 11.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report here the clinical, genetic, and molecular characterization of three Chinese families with maternally transmitted Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON). Clinical and genetic evaluations revealed the variable severity and age-of-onset in visual impairment in these families. In the affected matrilineal relatives, the loss of central vision is bilateral, the fellow eye becoming affected either simultaneously (45%) or sequentially (55%). The penetrances of vision loss in these pedigrees were 27%, 50%, and 60%, respectively. The age-at-onset of vision loss in these families was 14, 19, and 24 years, respectively. Furthermore, the ratios between affected male and female matrilineal relatives were 1:1, 1:1.2, and 1:2, respectively. Mutational analysis of mitochondrial DNA revealed the presence of homoplasmic ND6 T14484C mutation, which has been associated with LHON. The incomplete penetrance and phenotypic variability implicate the involvement of nuclear modifier gene(s), environmental factor(s) or mitochondrial haplotype(s) in the phenotypic expression of the LHON-associated T14484C mutation in these Chinese pedigrees.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 09/2006; 347(1):221-5. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report here the characterization of a three-generation Han Chinese family with Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON). This Chinese family exhibited high penetrance and expressivity of visual impairment. The average age-of-onset was 19 years in this family. All male and 33% female matrilineal relatives in this Chinese family developed visual loss with a wide range of severity, ranging from blindness to normal vision. Sequence analysis of the complete mitochondrial DNA in this pedigree revealed the presence of the ND4 G11778A mutation and 40 other variants, belonging to the Asian haplogroup D4. The G11778A mutation is present at homoplasmy in matrilineal relatives of this Chinese family. Of other variants, the homoplasmic A15951G mutation is of special interest as it is located adjacent to 3' end, at conventional position 71 of tRNA(Thr). The adenine (A71) at this position of tRNA(Thr), highly conserved from bacteria to human mitochondria, has been implicated to be important for tRNA identity and pre-tRNA processing. In fact, the significant reduction of the steady-state levels in tRNA(Thr) was observed in cells carrying both the A15951G and G11778A mutations but not cells carrying only G11778A mutation. Thus, the A15951G mutation most probably leads to a failure in mitochondrial tRNA metabolism, worsening the mitochondrial dysfunction associated with the primary G11778A mutation. These imply that the tRNA(Thr) A15951G mutation may have a potential modifier role in increasing the penetrance and expressivity of the primary LHON-associated G11778A mutation in this Chinese family.
    Gene 08/2006; 376(1):79-86. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report here the clinical, genetic, and molecular characterization of two Chinese families with aminoglycoside induced and non-syndromic hearing impairment. Clinical and genetic evaluations revealed the variable severity and age-of-onset in hearing impairment in these families. Strikingly, there were extremely low penetrances of hearing impairment in these Chinese families. Sequence analysis of the complete mitochondrial genomes in these pedigrees showed the distinct sets of mtDNA polymorphism, in addition to the identical G7444A mutation associated with hearing loss. Indeed, the G7444A mutation in the CO1 gene and the precursor of tRNASer(UCN) gene is present in homoplasmy only in the maternal lineage of those pedigrees but not other members of these families and 164 Chinese controls. Their mitochondrial genomes belong to the Eastern Asian haplogroups C5a and D4a, respectively. In fact, the occurrence of the G7444A mutation in these several genetically unrelated subjects affected by hearing impairment strongly indicates that this mutation is involved in the pathogenesis of hearing impairment. However, there was the absence of other functionally significant mtDNA mutations in two Chinese pedigrees carrying the G7444A mutation. Therefore, nuclear modifier gene(s) or aminoglycoside(s) may play a role in the phenotypic expression of the deafness-associated G7444A mutation in these Chinese pedigrees.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 05/2006; 342(3):843-50. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report here the clinical, genetic, and molecular characterization of a four-generation Chinese family with aminoglycoside-induced and nonsyndromic hearing loss. Five of nine matrilineal relatives had aminoglycoside-induced hearing loss. These matrilineal relatives exhibited variable severity and audiometric configuration of hearing impairment, despite sharing some common features: being bilateral and having sensorineural hearing impairment. Sequence analysis of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in the pedigree identified 16 variants and the homoplasmic 12S rRNA C1494T mutation, which was associated with hearing loss in the other large Chinese family. In fact, the occurrence of the C1494T mutation in these genetically unrelated pedigrees affected by hearing impairment strongly indicated that this mutation is involved in the pathogenesis of aminoglycoside-induced and nonsyndromic hearing loss. However, incomplete penetrance of hearing loss indicated that the C1494T mutation itself is not sufficient to produce a clinical phenotype but requires the involvement of modifier factors for the phenotypic expression. Those mtDNA variants, showing no evolutional conservation, may not have a potential modifying role in the pathogenesis of the C1494T mutation. However, nuclear background seems to contribute to the phenotypic variability of matrilineal relatives in this family. Furthermore, aminoglycosides modulate the expressivity and penetrance of deafness associated with the C1494T mutation in this family.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 03/2006; 340(2):583-8. · 2.41 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

834 Citations
105.98 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005–2012
    • Wenzhou Medical College
      • Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Medical Genetics
      Yung-chia, Zhejiang Sheng, China
  • 2011
    • Zhejiang University
      • Institute of Genetics
      Hangzhou, Zhejiang Sheng, China
  • 2005–2011
    • Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
      • Division of Human Genetics
      Cincinnati, OH, United States
  • 2005–2007
    • Chinese PLA General Hospital (301 Hospital)
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2006
    • Beijing University of Chinese Medicine and Pharmacology
      Peping, Beijing, China