Laurent Vanhille

Aix-Marseille Université, Marseille, Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur, France

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Publications (5)57.85 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The ability of basic leucine zipper transcription factors for homo- or heterodimerization provides a paradigm for combinatorial control of eukaryotic gene expression. It has been unclear, however, how facultative dimerization results in alternative DNA-binding repertoires on distinct regulatory elements. To unravel the molecular basis of such coupled preferences, we determined two high-resolution structures of the transcription factor MafB as a homodimer and as a heterodimer with c-Fos bound to variants of the Maf-recognition element. The structures revealed several unexpected and dimer-specific coiled-coil-heptad interactions. Based on these findings, we have engineered two MafB mutants with opposite dimerization preferences. One of them showed a strong preference for MafB/c-Fos heterodimerization and enabled selection of heterodimer-favoring over homodimer-specific Maf-recognition element variants. Our data provide a concept for transcription factor design to selectively activate dimer-specific pathways and binding repertoires.
    Structure 02/2014; · 5.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: While hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) self-renewal is well studied, it remains unknown whether distinct control mechanisms enable HSC divisions that generate progeny cells with specific lineage bias. Here, we report that the monocytic transcription factor MafB specifically restricts the ability of M-CSF to instruct myeloid commitment divisions in HSCs. MafB deficiency specifically enhanced sensitivity to M-CSF and caused activation of the myeloid master-regulator PU.1 in HSCs in vivo. Single-cell analysis revealed that reduced MafB levels enabled M-CSF to instruct divisions producing asymmetric daughter pairs with one PU.1(+) cell. As a consequence, MafB(-/-) HSCs showed a PU.1 and M-CSF receptor-dependent competitive repopulation advantage specifically in the myelomonocytic, but not T lymphoid or erythroid, compartment. Lineage-biased repopulation advantage was progressive, maintained long term, and serially transplantable. Together, this indicates that an integrated transcription factor/cytokine circuit can control the rate of specific HSC commitment divisions without compromising other lineages or self-renewal.
    Cell 08/2009; 138(2):300-13. · 31.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The function of the Ets-1 transcription factor is regulated by two regions that flank its DNA-binding domain. A previously established mechanism for auto-inhibition of monomeric Ets-1 on DNA response elements with a single ETS-binding site, however, has not been observed for the stromelysin-1 promoter containing two palindromic ETS-binding sites. We present the structure of Ets-1 on this promoter element, revealing a ternary complex in which protein homo-dimerization is mediated by the specific arrangement of the two ETS-binding sites. In this complex, the N-terminal-flanking region is required for ternary protein-DNA assembly. Ets-1 variants, in which residues from this region are mutated, loose the ability for DNA-mediated dimerization and stromelysin-1 promoter transactivation. Thus, our data unravel the molecular basis for relief of auto-inhibition and the ability of Ets-1 to function as a facultative dimeric transcription factor on this site. Our findings may also explain previous data of Ets-1 function in the context of heterologous transcription factors, thus providing a molecular model that could also be valid for Ets-1 regulation by hetero-oligomeric assembly.
    The EMBO Journal 07/2008; 27(14):2006-17. · 9.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: During the execution of differentiation programs, lineage-specific transcription factors are in competition with antagonistic factors that drive progenitor proliferation. Thus, the myeloid transcription factor MafB promotes macrophage differentiation of myeloid progenitors, but a constitutively active Myb transcription factor (v-Myb) can maintain proliferation and block differentiation. Little is known, however, about the regulatory mechanisms that control such competing activities. Here we report that the small ubiquitin-like protein SUMO-1 can modify MafB in vitro and in vivo on lysines 32 and 297. The absence of MafB SUMO modification increased MafB-driven transactivation and macrophage differentiation potential but inhibited cell cycle progression and myeloid progenitor growth. Furthermore, we observed that direct repression of MafB transactivation by v-Myb was strictly dependent on MafB SUMO modification. Consequently, a SUMOylation-deficient MafB K32R K297R (K32,297R) mutant could specify macrophage fate even after activation of inducible Myb alleles and resist their differentiation-inhibiting activity. Our findings suggest that SUMO modification of MafB affects the balance between myeloid progenitor expansion and terminal macrophage differentiation by controlling MafB transactivation capacity and susceptibility to Myb repression. SUMO modification of lineage-specific transcription factors may thus modulate transcription factor antagonism to control tissue homeostasis in the hematopoietic system.
    Molecular and Cellular Biology 09/2007; 27(15):5554-64. · 5.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the hematopoietic system the bZip transcription factor MafB is selectively expressed at high levels in monocytes and macrophages and promotes macrophage differentiation in myeloid progenitors, whereas a dominant-negative allele can inhibit this process. To analyze the requirement of MafB for macrophage development, we generated MafB-deficient mice and, due to their neonatal lethal phenotype, analyzed macrophage differentiation in vitro, in the embryo, and in reconstituted mice. Surprisingly we observed in vitro differentiation of macrophages from E14.5 fetal liver (FL) cells and E18.5 splenocytes. Furthermore we found normal numbers of F4/80(+)/Mac-1(+) macrophages and monocytes in fetal liver, spleen, and blood as well as in bone marrow, spleen, and peritoneum of adult MafB(-/-) FL reconstituted mice. MafB(-/-) macrophages showed intact basic macrophage functions such as phagocytosis of latex beads or Listeria monocytogenes and nitric oxide production in response to lipopolysaccharide. By contrast, MafB(-/-) macrophages expressed increased levels of multiple genes involved in actin organization. Consistent with this, phalloidin staining revealed an altered morphology involving increased numbers of branched protrusions of MafB(-/-) macrophages in response to macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Together these data point to an unexpected redundancy of MafB function in macrophage differentiation and a previously unknown role in actin-dependent macrophage morphology.
    Molecular and Cellular Biology 10/2006; 26(18):6808-18. · 5.04 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

110 Citations
57.85 Total Impact Points


  • 2009
    • Aix-Marseille Université
      • Centre d'Immunologie de Marseille-Luminy (UMR_S 1104 UMR 7280 CIML)
      Marseille, Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur, France
  • 2008
    • French Institute of Health and Medical Research
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2006–2007
    • Centre d'Immunologie de Marseille-Luminy
      Marsiglia, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France