Jean-Luc Raoul

Institut de France, Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (100)522.35 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)-closely associated with liver cirrhosis and, in fact, the main cause of death in patients with such disease-is now recognized as one of the most-prevalent and lethal neoplasms worldwide. Prognosis and allocation of the multiple available treatment options for patients with HCC are influenced not only by tumour stage, but also by the degree of liver-function impairment. Therefore, accurate assessment and classification of disease is important for patient management. According to the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) algorithm, intermediate-stage HCC is defined as extensive multifocal disease without vascular invasion in patients with preserved liver function and absence of cancer-related symptoms; in this context, transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is considered the standard treatment. The use of drug-eluting beads has enabled standardization of this procedure, resulting in higher reproducibility and tolerability of the treatment. Nevertheless, not all patients with intermediate-stage HCC are good candidates for TACE and, for such patients in whom TACE is not appropriate or has failed, other treatments can be considered, including sorafenib. Radioembolization is a promising alternative that deserves further prospective studies. Herein, we review the current approaches used to accurately stratify patients with intermediate-stage HCC and subsequently allocate the most-appropriate treatments. The key developments in therapeutic strategies are also discussed.
    Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology 08/2014; · 15.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is difficult due to the underlying cirrhosis which has its own influence on therapeutic issues. An inquiry was performed in centres with specialized multidisciplinary team meetings dedicated to HCC (HCC-MTM) or in centres with non-specialized (digestive oncology or general oncology) multidisciplinary team meetings (NS-MTM). The number of cases of HCCs taken in charge yearly was significantly higher in HCC-MTM than in NS-MTM (p=0,0014). Interventional radiologists and transplant surgeons were more frequently implied in HCC-MTM than in NS-MTM (respectively p=0,009 and p=0,02). On site availability of every treatment of HCC was higher in RCP-MTM than in NS-MTM (p=0,015). There were no inclusion in clinical trials in 40.5 % of NS-MTM versus only 17.6 % of HCC-MTM (p=0,0086). In three clinical cases out of seven there were discrepancies between the therapeutic options of HCC-MTM and NS-MTM. In all three cases, the treatment offered to the patient by HCC-MTM was more consistent with clinical standards. These results prompt to perform more studies on the quality of management of patients with HCCs by MTMs.
    Bulletin du cancer. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We report the case of a 57-year-old man who was diagnosed with a large unresectable cholangiocarcinoma associated with 2 satellite nodules and without clear margins with the right hepatic vein. Despite 4 cycles of GEMOX (stopped due to a hypertransaminasemia believed to be due to gemcitabine) and 4 cycles of FOLFIRINOX, the tumor remained stable and continued to be considered unresectable. Radioembolization (resin microspheres, SIRS-spheres(®)) targeting the left liver (474 MBq) and segment IV (440 MBq) was performed. This injection was very well tolerated, and 4 more cycles of FOLFIRINOX were given while waiting for radioembolization efficacy. On computed tomography scan, a partial response was observed; the tumor was far less hypervascularized, and a margin was observed between the tumor and the right hepatic vein. A left hepatectomy enlarged to segment VIII was performed. On pathological exam, most of the tumor was acellular, with dense fibrosis around visible microspheres. Viable cells were observed only at a distance from beads. Radioembolization can be useful in the treatment of cholangiocarcinoma, allowing in some cases a secondary resection.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 05/2014; 20(17):5131-4. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    Jean-Luc Raoul, Marine Gilabert, Gilles Piana
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    ABSTRACT: In Europe, trans-arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is usually given to patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) "intermediate stage" hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and is associated with a modest improvement in median overall survival. In the two positive randomized trials that have been reported, TACE was stopped in cases of severe toxicity, worsening of liver cirrhosis or performance status and tumor progression, including local progression, extrahepatic spread and portal vein thrombosis. The necessity to stop TACE leads to the concept of untreatable progression, which is characterized by massive liver involvement, extrahepatic spread, vascular invasion, impaired liver function or performance status. More recently, the assessment for re-treatment with TACE (ART) score has been developed to determine which patients will not benefit from a second or a third TACE therapy. Herein, we propose an algorithm that summarizes our experience with TACE.
    Liver cancer. 05/2014; 3(2):119-124.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Although the prevalence of esophageal cancer increases in elderly patients, its clinical history and outcome after treatment remain poorly described. Methods: Between January 2001 and December 2011, 58 patients (pts) older than 75 years received 3D-conformal radiotherapy (mean dose 51 Gy) in two French cancer centers. 47/58 (82%) patients received concomitant chemotherapy (with CDDP and/or FU regimens) and 8 patients underwent surgery after primary radiochemotherapy (RCT). Results: Median age was 77.9 years and the performance status (PS) was 0 or 1 in 89%. Tumors were mainly adenocarcinoma of lower esophagus or gastroesophageal junction (n = 51, 89%), T3T4 (n = 54, 95%), and N1 (n = 44, 77%). The mean follow-up was 21.9 months. In the overall population, the median progression-free survival was 9.6 months and median overall survival (OS) was 14.5 months. Using univariate analysis, OS was significantly associated with age (p = 0.048), PS (p < 0.001), and surgery (p = 0.035). 35 (60.3%) and 18 patients (31%) experienced grade 1-2 or 3-4 toxicity, respectively (CTCAE v4.0). Conclusion: Radiochemotherapy in elderly patients is a feasible treatment and its outcome is close to younger patient's outcome published in the literature. Surgical resection, after comprehensive geriatric assessment, should be recommended as the standard treatment for adenocarcinoma of lower esophagus or gastroesophageal junction in elderly patients with good PS and low co-morbidity profile, as it is in younger patients.
    Frontiers in oncology. 01/2014; 4:100.
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    ABSTRACT: Background Definitive chemoradiotherapy is a curative treatment option for oesophageal carcinoma, especially in patients unsuitable for surgery. The PRODIGE5/ACCORD17 trial aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of the FOLFOX treatment regimen (fluorouracil plus leucovorin and oxaliplatin) versus fluorouracil and cisplatin as part of chemoradiotherapy in patients with localised oesophageal cancer. Methods We did a multicentre, randomised, open-label, parallel-group, phase 2/3 trial of patients aged 18 years or older enrolled from 24 centres in France between Oct 15, 2004, and Aug 25, 2011. Eligible participants had confirmed stage I–IVA oesophageal carcinoma (adenocarcinoma, squamous-cell, or adenosquamous), Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) status 0–2, sufficient caloric intake, adequate haematological, renal, and hepatic function, and had been selected to receive definitive chemoradiotherapy. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive either six cycles (three concomitant to radiotherapy) of oxaliplatin 85 mg/m2, leucovorin 200 mg/m2, bolus fluorouracil 400 mg/m2, and infusional fluorouracil 1600 mg/m2 (FOLFOX) over 46 h, or four cycles (two concomitant to radiotherapy) of fluorouracil 1000 mg/m2 per day for 4 days and cisplatin 75 mg/m2 on day 1. Both groups also received 50 Gy radiotherapy in 25 fractions (five fractions per week). Random allocation to treatment groups was done by a central computerised randomisation procedure by minimisation, stratified by centre, histology, weight loss, and ECOG status, and was achieved independently from the study investigators. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival. Data analysis was primarily done by intention to treat. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00861094. Findings 134 participants were randomly allocated to the FOLFOX group and 133 to the fluorouracil and cisplatin group (intention-to-treat population), and 131 patients in the FOLFOX group and 128 in the fluorouracil and cisplatin group actually received the study drugs (safety population). Median follow-up was 25·3 months (IQR 15·9–36·4). Median progression-free survival was 9·7 months (95% CI 8·1–14·5) in the FOLFOX group and 9·4 months (8·1–10·6) in the fluorouracil and cisplatin group (HR 0·93, 95% CI 0·70–1·24; p=0·64). One toxic death occurred in the FOLFOX group and six in the fluorouracil–cisplatin group (p=0·066). No significant differences were recorded in the rates of most frequent grade 3 or 4 adverse events between the treatment groups. Of all-grade adverse events that occurred in 5% or more of patients, paraesthesia (61 [47%] events in 131 patients in the FOLFOX group vs three [2%] in 128 patients in the cisplatin–fluorouracil group, p<0·0001), sensory neuropathy (24 [18%] vs one [1%], p<0·0001), increases in aspartate aminotransferase concentrations (14 [11%] vs two [2%], p=0·002), and increases in alanine aminotransferase concentrations (11 [8%] vs two [2%], p=0·012) were more common in the FOLFOX group, whereas serum creatinine increases (four [3%] vs 15 [12%], p=0·007), mucositis (35 [27%] vs 41 [32%], p=0·011), and alopecia (two [2%] vs 12 [9%], p=0·005) were more common in the fluorouracil and cisplatin group. Interpretation Although chemoradiotherapy with FOLFOX did not increase progression-free survival compared with chemoradiotherapy with fluorouracil and cisplatin, FOLFOX might be a more convenient option for patients with localised oesophageal cancer unsuitable for surgery. Funding UNICANCER, French Health Ministry, Sanofi-Aventis, and National League Against Cancer.
    The Lancet Oncology 01/2014; 15(3). · 25.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We herein report the case of a 73-year-old woman who developed skin and nail disorders 2 months before her digestive symptoms started, which lead to the diagnosis of gastric adenocarcinoma. The lesions were diagnosed as Bazex syndrome, usually seen in squamous cell carcinoma. Under systemic chemotherapy, the cutaneous signs improved for some months before worsening when the disease progressed.
    Case Reports in Oncology 01/2014; 7(1):285-7.
  • Journal of Hepatology. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Optimal therapy for patients with unresectable locally advanced extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ULAC) remains controversial. We analysed the role of radiotherapy in the management of such tumors. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of patients treated in our institution with conformal-3D external-beam-radiotherapy (EBRT) with or without concurrent chemotherapy. Thirty patients were included: 24 with a primary tumor (group1) and 6 with a local relapse (group2). Toxicity was low. Among 25 patients assessable for EBRT response, we observed 9 complete responses, 4 partial responses, 10 stabilisations, and 2 progressions. The median follow-up was 12 months. Twenty out of 30 patients (66%) experienced a relapse, which was metastatic in 75% of cases in the whole series, 87% in group1, 60% in group2 (p = 0.25). Twenty-eight patients (93%) died of relapse or disease complications. Median overall survivals in the whole group and in group1 or 2 were respectively 12, 11 and 21 months (p = 0.11). The 1-year and 3-year progression-free survivals were respectively 38% and 16% in the whole series; 31% and 11% in group1, 67% and 33% in group2 (p = 0.35). EBRT seems efficient to treat ULAC, with acceptable toxicity. For primary disease, the high rate of metastatic relapse suggests to limit EBRT to non-progressive patients after induction chemotherapy.
    BMC Cancer 12/2013; 13(1):568. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma is generally diagnosed at advanced stages, for which only palliative treatments are possible by intra-arterial route or by targeted therapies. Among these treatments, metabolic radiotherapy using (90)-yttrium or (188)Re and sorafenib are two options adopted in monotherapy. We address the question of a possible synergy arising from the combination of these two treatments. Two primary malignant hepatoma cell lines, N1S1 (murine HCC) and HepG2 (human hepatoblastoma) were treated in media containing increasing concentrations of sorafenib with/without (188)Re to assess the cellular toxicities of each treatment alone and in combination. The combination index method was used to look for synergy or additivity. A synergistic advantage of a treatment combining (188)Re and sorafenib is shown in vitro on hepatoma cell lines. This combined approach is promising and now needs to be confirmed by more complex in vitro models integrating the tumoral stroma, as well as by in vivo studies.
    Anticancer research 09/2013; 33(9):3871-7. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Brivanib is a selective dual inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor and fibroblast growth factor receptors implicated in tumorigenesis and angiogenesis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). An unmet medical need persists for patients with HCC whose tumors do not respond to sorafenib or who cannot tolerate it. This multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial assessed brivanib in patients with HCC who had been treated with sorafenib. In all, 395 patients with advanced HCC who progressed on/after or were intolerant to sorafenib were randomly assigned (2:1) to receive brivanib 800 mg orally once per day plus best supportive care (BSC) or placebo plus BSC. The primary end point was overall survival (OS). Secondary end points included time to progression (TTP), objective response rate (ORR), and disease control rate based on modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (mRECIST) and safety. Median OS was 9.4 months for brivanib and 8.2 months for placebo (hazard ratio [HR], 0.89; 95.8% CI, 0.69 to 1.15; P = .3307). Adjusting treatment effect for baseline prognostic factors yielded an OS HR of 0.81 (95% CI, 0.63 to 1.04; P = .1044). Exploratory analyses showed a median time to progression of 4.2 months for brivanib and 2.7 months for placebo (HR, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.42 to 0.76; P < .001), and an mRECIST ORR of 10% for brivanib and 2% for placebo (odds ratio, 5.72). Study discontinuation due to treatment-related adverse events (AEs) occurred in 61 brivanib patients (23%) and nine placebo patients (7%). The most frequent treatment-related grade 3 to 4 AEs for brivanib included hypertension (17%), fatigue (13%), hyponatremia (11%), and decreased appetite (10%). In patients with HCC who had been treated with sorafenib, brivanib did not significantly improve OS. The observed benefit in the secondary outcomes of TTP and ORR warrants further investigation.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 08/2013; · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Brivanib is a dual inhibitor of vascular-endothelial growth factor and fibroblast growth factor receptors that are implicated in the pathogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Our multinational, randomized, double-blind, phase III trial compared brivanib with sorafenib as first-line treatment for HCC. Advanced HCC patients who had no prior systemic therapy were randomly assigned (ratio, 1:1) to receive sorafenib 400 mg twice daily orally (n = 578) or brivanib 800 mg once daily orally (n = 577). Primary end point was overall survival (OS). Secondary end points included time to progression (TTP), objective response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR) based on modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (mRECIST), and safety. The primary end point of OS noninferiority for brivanib versus sorafenib in the per-protocol population (n = 1,150) was not met (hazard ratio [HR], 1.06; 95.8% CI, 0.93 to 1.22), based on the prespecified margin (upper CI limit for HR ≤ 1.08). Median OS was 9.9 months for sorafenib and 9.5 months for brivanib. TTP, ORR, and DCR were similar between the study arms. Most frequent grade 3/4 adverse events for sorafenib and brivanib were hyponatremia (9% and 23%, respectively), AST elevation (17% and 14%), fatigue (7% and 15%), hand-foot-skin reaction (15% and 2%), and hypertension (5% and 13%). Discontinuation as a result of adverse events was 33% for sorafenib and 43% for brivanib; rates for dose reduction were 50% and 49%, respectively. Our study did not meet its primary end point of OS noninferiority for brivanib versus sorafenib. However, both agents had similar antitumor activity, based on secondary efficacy end points. Brivanib had an acceptable safety profile, but was less well-tolerated than sorafenib.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 08/2013; · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a complex disease with a poor prognosis. Incidence and mortality rates are increasing in many geographical regions, indicating a need for better management strategies. Among several risk factors for HCC, the most common are cirrhosis because of chronic hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus infection and alcohol consumption, obesity, and diabetes. In some patients, combined risk factors present additional challenges to the prevention and treatment of HCC. Screening and surveillance of high-risk populations varies widely by geographic regions, and access to optimal surveillance is critical for early diagnosis. The treatment choice for HCC depends on the cancer stage, patient performance status, and liver function and requires a multidisciplinary approach and close cooperation among specialists for the best patient outcomes. Despite advances in surgical treatments and locoregional therapies, recurrence and liver failure remain significant challenges. The pathogenesis of HCC is a multistep and complex process, wherein angiogenesis plays an important role. The multikinase inhibitor sorafenib is the only approved targeted agent for advanced HCC, although promising results have been obtained with other targeted agents and combinations, and the results of ongoing trials are eagerly awaited. Clinical trials with rigorous study designs, including molecular classification and validation of new molecular biomarkers, are required to improve the personalized treatment of HCC. This article provides an overview of HCC and was developed through a review of relevant literature, clinical trial data, and updated clinical guidelines.
    European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology 06/2013; 25(6):639-651. · 1.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Contralateral hypertrophy after (90)Y radioembolization has been described in case reports, but the incidence and quantitative extent of liver volume modifications after this therapy are unknown. METHODS: This retrospective study examined patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and underlying cirrhosis treated by (90)Y radioembolization. The main inclusion criteria were unilateral treatment, no prior liver surgery, and computed tomographic scans allowing for volumetric assessments. Treated, tumor, and contralateral liver volumes were measured. Whole liver volume and the ratio of contralateral to total functional liver volume after a virtual hepatectomy were calculated. RESULTS: Data of 34 patients were analyzed. Response rates were 26 % according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) and 63 % according to modified RECIST. Median overall survival was 13.5 months. Median treated volume decreased from 938 mL (interquartile range [IQR] = 719) to 702 mL (IQR = 656) (p < 0.001), while median contralateral volume increased from 724 mL (IQR = 541) to 920 mL (IQR = 530) (p < 0.001). The whole liver volume remained stable, with a median volume of 1,702 mL (IQR = 568) versus 1,577 mL (IQR 670), respectively (p = 0.55). The mean maximal increase in contralateral volume was 42 % (95 % confidence interval 16-67). Overall, 13 patients (38.2 %) exhibited increases greater than 30 %, while 13 patients (38.2 %) showed no increase or showed increases less than 10 %. The median ratio of contralateral to total functional liver volume increased from 48.5 to 64.9 % (p < 0.001), with the proportion of patients with a ratio of ≥50 % increasing from 47.1 to 67.6 % (p = 0.013). CONCLUSIONS: (90)Y radioembolization induced frequent and similar increases in functional liver remnant volume compared with portal vein embolization. This technique should be tested in a prospective study phase 2 study before liver resection.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 03/2013; · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Following the Barcelona staging system of hepatocellular carcinoma in 5 stages, palliative medical treatment have to be given to end-stage patients (best supportive care) and to advanced and intermediate stages. Chemoembolization is the standard of care for intermediate stages; results depend on the baseline parameters and for the best patients are close to those of surgical resection. By contrast, for more severe patients the prognosis and the tolerance of chemoembolization are poor; for such patients sorafenib can be a good option. The results of radioembolization are close to those of chemoembolization, with a better tolerance. Sorafenib is now the standard of care of advanced stages patients wth well compensated liver cirrhosis and good performance status. No second-line option is currently validated. To summarize, these improvements in palliative treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma need to present most cases to a multidisciplinary team discussion.
    La Revue du praticien 02/2013; 63(2):233-6.
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    ABSTRACT: From the description of the clinical case of a patient consulting for chest pain sequelae after treatment of her breast cancer, we retain the diagnosis of myofascial pain of the serratus anterior. A literature review of pain sequelae of breast cancer is proposed and follows a proposal of what to do in order to retain the clinical diagnosis, often if we judge the results of a recent prospective study (44,8% of patients develop a remote myofascial pain treatment).
    Douleurs Evaluation - Diagnostic - Traitement 02/2013; 14(1):30–37.
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSETo compare the quality of life (QoL) of patients receiving oxaliplatin, irinotecan, fluorouracil, and leucovorin (FOLFIRINOX) or gemcitabine as first-line chemotherapy and to assess whether pretreatment QoL predicts survival in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer.Patients And methodsThree hundred forty-two patients with performance status 0 or 1 were randomly assigned to receive FOLFIRINOX (oxaliplatin, 85 mg/m(2); irinotecan, 180 mg/m(2); leucovorin, 400 mg/m(2); and fluorouracil, 400 mg/m(2) bolus followed by 2,400 mg/m(2) 46-hour continuous infusion, once every 2 weeks) or gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m(2) weekly for 7 of 8 weeks and then weekly for 3 of 4 weeks. QoL was assessed using European Organisation for the Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire C30 every 2 weeks.ResultsImprovement in global health status (GHS; P < .001) was observed in the FOLFIRINOX arm and improvement in emotional functioning (P < .001) was observed in both arms, along with a decrease in pain, insomnia, anorexia, and constipation in both arms. A significant increase in diarrhea was observed in the FOLFIRINOX arm during the first 2 months of chemotherapy. Time until definitive deterioration ≥ 20 points was significantly longer for FOLFIRINOX compared with gemcitabine for GHS, physical, role, cognitive, and social functioning, and six symptom domains (fatigue, nausea/vomiting, pain, dyspnea, anorexia, and constipation). Physical functioning, constipation, and dyspnea were independent significant prognostic factors for survival with treatment arm, age older than 65 years, and low serum albumin. CONCLUSIONFOLFIRINOX significantly reduces QoL impairment compared with gemcitabine in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer. Furthermore, baseline QoL scores improved estimation of survival probability when added to baseline clinical and demographic variables.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 12/2012; · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Sorafenib Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) Assessment Randomized Protocol (SHARP) trial demonstrated that sorafenib improves overall survival and is safe for patients with advanced HCC. In this trial, 602 patients with well-preserved liver function (>95% Child-Pugh A) were randomized to receive either sorafenib 400mg or matching placebo orally b.i.d. on a continuous basis. Because HCC is a heterogeneous disease, baseline patient characteristics may affect individual responses to treatment. In a comprehensive series of exploratory subgroup analyses, data from the SHARP trial were analyzed to discern if baseline patient characteristics influenced the efficacy and safety of sorafenib. Five subgroup domains were assessed: disease etiology, tumor burden, performance status, tumor stage, and prior therapy. Overall survival (OS), time to progression (TTP), disease control rate (DCR), and safety were assessed for subgroups within each domain. Subgroup analyses showed that sorafenib consistently improved median OS compared with placebo, as reflected by hazard ratios (HRs) of 0.50-0.85, similar to the complete cohort (HR=0.69). Sorafenib also consistently improved median TTP (HR, 0.40-0.64), except in HBV-positive patients (HR, 1.03), and DCR. Results are limited by small patient numbers in some subsets. The most common grade 3/4 adverse events included diarrhea, hand-foot skin reaction, and fatigue; the incidence of which did not differ appreciably among subgroups. These exploratory subgroup analyses showed that sorafenib consistently improved median OS and DCR compared with placebo in patients with advanced HCC, irrespective of disease etiology, baseline tumor burden, performance status, tumor stage, and prior therapy.
    Journal of Hepatology 06/2012; 57(4):821-9. · 9.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Systemic chemotherapy is the treatment of choice for inoperable (advanced or metastatic) cholangiocarcinoma. According to phase II and III trials, regimens combining 5-fluorouracil (5FU) or gemcitabine with a platinum salt have provided an overall response rate of 12-50% with a median overall survival of 5-16 months. This was a retrospective analysis of 78 consecutive cases of inoperable cholangiocarcinoma treated by palliative chemotherapy from July 2005 to November 2009 in one center. We firstly aimed to evaluate the impact of palliative chemotherapy in terms of survival and secondly to analyze possible related prognostic factors. This cohort included 25 female and 53 male patients, with a mean age of 60.8 ± 11.4 years. Intrahepatic and extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma were observed in 57 and 21 patients, respectively. First-line chemotherapy regimens were as follows: gemcitabine (n = 7), gemcitabine plus oxaliplatin (with or without cetuximab; n = 62) and 5FU plus cisplatin (n = 9). None of the patients achieved a complete response. The partial response rate was 35.9% (27/78), and the stable disease rate was 26.9% (21/78), giving a disease control rate of 62.8%. At the time of this analysis, with a median follow-up of 18 months, 13 patients were survivors. Median overall survival was 10 months [95% confidence interval (CI) 7-12], and median progression-free survival was 7 months (95% CI 6-8). Upon univariate analysis, only the distribution of the disease was significantly linked with prognosis, with a median overall survival of 10 months (95% CI 10-24) for solitary tumors versus 7 months (95% CI 6-11) in the case of infiltrative or multifocal tumors (p = 0.039). The disease control rate, overall survival and progression free-survival in this single-center retrospective study were in agreement with earlier reports. Specific features of this cohort were a large proportion of cholangiocarcinoma with associated cirrhosis (n = 30/78, 38.5%), mostly intrahepatic (n = 25/30, 83.5%). This confirms the increasing incidence of intrahepatic localization and the epidemiological link recently reported between intrahepatic biliary tract carcinoma and cirrhosis.
    Chemotherapy 05/2012; 58(2):134-41. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It has long been appreciated that hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a complex disease. HCC is typically preceded by liver cirrhosis, which is itself caused by various types of hepatitis of both viral and nonviral etiologies. Thus, the treatment of patients with HCC requires multiple healthcare professionals, including hepatologists, medical oncologists, surgical oncologists, transplantation surgeons, diagnostic radiologists, pathologists, nurses, nurse practitioners and interventional radiologists. These specialists should meet regularly to review patients' progress, ensure that treatments are individualized for each patient and agree on next steps. We review case presentations provided by the authors to illustrate the benefits and advantages of the multidisciplinary team matrix in the management of patients with HCC, including the effects of this treatment technique on patient outcome, survival and quality of life.
    Expert review of gastroenterology & hepatology 04/2012; 6(2):173-85.

Publication Stats

3k Citations
522.35 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014
    • Institut de France
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2011–2014
    • Institut Paoli Calmettes
      • Cancer Research Center of Marseille (CRCM)
      Marsiglia, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
    • National Cancer Center Korea
      Kōyō, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea
    • Hospital Clínic de Barcelona
      Barcino, Catalonia, Spain
  • 2002–2014
    • Centre Eugène Marquis
      Roazhon, Brittany, France
  • 2013
    • Unicancer
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2012
    • French Institute of Health and Medical Research
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2009–2011
    • European University of Brittany
      Roazhon, Brittany, France
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire d'Amiens
      Amiens, Picardie, France
    • Université de Rennes 1
      Roazhon, Brittany, France
  • 2007
    • Université de Rennes 2
      Roazhon, Brittany, France
  • 2006
    • Institut du Cancer de Montpellier Val d'Aurelle
      Montpelhièr, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • 2005
    • Agence française de lutte contre le dopage
      Saint-Germain, Pays de la Loire, France
  • 2002–2005
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Rennes
      Roazhon, Brittany, France