[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: After the administration of cytostatic drugs, an increase in thromboembolic phenomena has been described in cancer patients. The authors studied the changes in plasmatic coagulation and fibrinolysis in 40 patients with nonoperable Stage III and IV lung cancer after cytostatic chemotherapy. The results show significant postchemotherapy increases in fibrinopeptide A levels, as well as a decrease in fibrinolytic activity reflected by a drop in functional tissue activator. Also the authors studied the potential accumulative effect of three chemotherapy cycles. A significant increase in functional plasminogen activator inhibitor has been noted. Chemotherapy is apparently capable of conditioning a decrease in fibrinolytic activity in these cancer patients that could be related to the enhanced tendency to developing thomboembolic phenomena after cytostatic chemotherapy.
Cancer 06/2006; 63(4):643 - 648. · 5.20 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To analyse outcome and prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) and time to treatment failure (TTF) in 357 patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) undergoing an autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) after a first relapse and reported to the The Grupo Espanol de Linfomas/Trasplante Autologo de Medula Osea (GEL/TAMO) Cooperative Group.
Two hundred and twenty males and 137 females with a median age of 29 years were autografted in second remission (n=181), first sensitive relapse (n=148) and first resistant relapse (n=28).
Five-year actuarial TTF and OS were of 49% +/- 3% and 57% +/- 3%. Advanced stage at diagnosis, complementary radiotherapy before ASCT, a short first complete response (CR) and detectable disease at ASCT adversely influenced TTF. Year of transplant < or =1995, bulky disease at diagnosis, a short first CR, detectable disease at ASCT and > or =1 extranodal areas involved at ASCT were adverse factors for OS.
ASCT constitutes a therapeutic option for HL patients after a first relapse. Promising results are observed in patients with low tumour burden at diagnosis, autografted after a long CR and without detectable disease at ASCT. Innovative approaches should be pursued for patients with risk factors at relapse.
Annals of Oncology 05/2005; 16(4):625-33. · 6.58 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have reported short periods of post transplant neutropenia in human patients co-transplanted with cord blood (CB) and low numbers of haploidentical mobilized peripheral blood (MPB) CD34+ cells. To investigate the effect that the proportion of MPB to CB cells may have on engraftment kinetics, we have co-transplanted fixed numbers of human CB CD34+ cells mixed with different numbers of MPB CD34+ cells into NOD/SCID mice. We periodically quantified the proportion of human cells and the relative contribution of MPB and CB cells to the human engraftment on marrow aspirates. At the lowest MPB/CB ratios (5 : 1, 10 : 1), the contribution of CB cells predominated at all time points analyzed, and in three out of four experiments MPB cell contributions progressively decreased from day +15. At higher MPB/CB ratios, MPB cells had a more important contribution to both early and late engraftment, with the highest cell ratio resulting in only marginal CB cell engraftment. Therefore, our results showed greater potential, on a per cell basis, of human CB vs MPB cells for competitive sustained engraftment in the xenogeneic model used, which was only abrogated by the co-infusion of very high numbers of MPB cells.
Bone Marrow Transplantation 03/2005; 35(3):271-5. · 3.47 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A phase II randomised trial was conducted to evaluate the tolerability and activity of weekly or 3-weekly docetaxel in patients with metastatic breast cancer.
Eighty-three patients with histologically proven metastatic breast cancer were randomised to receive either docetaxel 40 mg/m2 weekly for 6 consecutive weeks followed by 2 weeks without treatment (n = 41), or docetaxel 100 mg/m2 on day 1 every 3 weeks (n = 42).
The incidence of all grade 3-4 adverse events was higher in the 3-weekly group than in the weekly group (96 versus 44), and the number of patients with grade 3-4 adverse events was also greater in the 3-weekly group (31 versus 20). Analysis of individual adverse events tended to favour the weekly regimen. Intent-to-treat overall response rate was 34% and 33% in the weekly and 3-weekly groups, respectively. Median time to progression was 5.7 and 5.3 months after weekly and 3-weekly docetaxel, respectively, and median time to treatment failure was 4.1 and 4.9 months, respectively.
Weekly docetaxel is an active regimen in metastatic breast cancer with comparable efficacy to 3 weekly docetaxel. Although both schedules were well tolerated, weekly docetaxel appears to have a more favourable toxicity profile.
Annals of Oncology 10/2004; 15(9):1358-65. · 6.58 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL), somatic mutation of IgVH genes defines a subgroup with favorable prognosis, whereas the absence of IgVH mutations is correlated with a worse outcome. Mutations of the BCL-6 gene are also observed in a subset of B-CLL, but the clinical significance of this molecular alteration remains uncertain. We examined the distribution of IgVH and BCL-6 gene mutations in 95 well-characterized patients with Binet stage A B-CLL, and correlated them with clinical, laboratory, cytogenetic findings and disease progression. Mutations of the BCL-6 gene were observed only in cases harboring mutated IgVH. Unexpectedly, coexistence of IgVH and BCL-6 mutations was correlated with shorter treatment-free interval (TFI) compared to cases harboring only IgVH mutation (median, 55 months vs not reached; P=0.01), resembling the clinical course of unmutated IgVH cases (median TFI, 44 months). As expected, deletions of 17p13 (P53 locus) and 11q22 (ATM locus) were observed in cases with unmutated IgVH, except one patient who showed mutations of both IgVH and BCL-6. No other statistically significant differences were observed among the genetic subgroups. Our data indicate that BCL-6 mutations identify a subgroup of Binet stage A B-CLL patients with a high risk of progression despite the presence of mutated IgVH gene.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We wanted to assess the toxicity and efficacy of paclitaxel plus gemcitabine in advanced breast cancer and to confirm whether circulating HER2 extracellular domain (ECD) correlates with treatment response.
Forty-three patients received paclitaxel 150 mg/m2 followed by gemcitabine 2500 mg/m2, both on day 1 of 14-day cycles, with a maximum of eight cycles. Serum levels of HER2 ECD were assessed by ELISA.
All patients were evaluable for toxicity and 42 for efficacy. Overall toxicity was low. Grade 3 neutropenia occurred in 12% of patients and grade 4 in 17%, and other grade 3 toxicities in <5%. One patient had an allergic infusion reaction. Overall response rate was 71% [95% confidence interval (CI) 62% to 81%], with 11 patients achieving a complete response (26%). With a median follow-up of 26 months, the median time to progression was 16.6 months. Response rate correlated significantly with HER2 ECD, with 42% of HER2 ECD-positive patients responding versus 83% of HER2 ECD-negative patients (P = 0.02). Furthermore, response duration was shorter in patients with positive HER2 ECD levels (7.9 versus 14.4 months; P = 0.04).
Paclitaxel plus gemcitabine given as an every 2-weeks schedule is a well tolerated and active regimen in advanced breast carcinoma. This is an attractive combination to use when anthracyclines are not indicated, such as in HER2 positive cases that receive trastuzumab. In addition, elevated levels of HER2 ECD adversely affect the efficacy of treatment.
Annals of Oncology 02/2004; 15(2):201-6. · 6.58 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In Spain, the contribution of BRCA mutations to the population incidence of early-onset breast cancer was unknown. We carried out a mutational analysis of the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes in 124 Spanish women diagnosed with breast cancer before the age 41 and who were not selected for a family history of this disease. The genetic study was performed by PCR-SSCP analysis and DNA sequencing. We identified 6 pathogenic BRCA mutations in 7 unrelated probands (5.6%; 95% CI=2.3% to 11.3%): 1 BRCA1 (c.2080delA) and 5 BRCA2 (p.Y3006X, p.Q1994X, c.9204_9217del14, c.9254_9258del5 and c.295+2T>C). Three out of 6 mutations were novel (BRCA2 p.Y3006X, c.9204_9217del14, and c.295+2T>C), and two further mutations had not been previously found in Spain (BRCA1 c.2080delA and BRCA2 p.Q1994X). The one remaining (BRCA2 c.9254_9258del5) was detected in two probands of our sample. Additionally, we identified two new missense mutations: BRCA1 p.P1812A and BRCA2 p.G2044A. Our data support the notion that Spaniards represent a heterogeneous population with its own spectrum of BRCA mutations, some of which appear as founding mutations. We categorized patients into familial or non-familial groups on the basis of her family history of breast/ovarian cancer; this analysis indicated that among Spanish women with early-onset breast cancer, an even moderate family history is a good predictor of being a BRCA mutation carrier.
Human Mutation 11/2003; 22(5):417-8. · 5.05 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Patients with primary refractory Hodgkin's disease (PR-HD) have a dismal prognosis when treated with conventional salvage chemotherapy. We analyzed time to treatment failure (TTF), overall survival (OS) and clinical variables influencing the outcome in patients undergoing autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for PR-HD and reported to the Grupo Español de Linfomas/Trasplante Autólogo de Médula Osea (GEL/TAMO).
Sixty-two patients, 41 males and 21 females with a median age of 27 years (range 13-55) were analyzed. Forty-two patients (68%) had advanced stage at diagnosis, 47 (76%) presented with B symptoms and 29 (47%) with a bulky mediastinal mass. Seventy-five percent of the patients had received more than one line of therapy before ASCT. Thirty-three patients received bone marrow as a source of hematopoietic progenitors, and 29 peripheral blood. Six patients were conditioned with high-dose chemotherapy plus total-body irradiation and 56 received chemotherapy-based protocols.
One-year transplantation-related mortality was 14% [95% confidence interval (CI) 6% to 23%]. Response rate at 3 months after ASCT was 52% [complete remission in 21 patients (34%), partial remission in 11 patients (18%)]. Actuarial 5-year TTF and OS were 15% (95% CI 5% to 24%) and 26% (95% CI 13% to 39%), respectively. The presence of B symptoms at ASCT was the only adverse prognostic factor significantly influencing TTF [relative risk (RR) 1.75, 95% CI 0.92-3.35, P = 0.08]. The presence of B symptoms at diagnosis (RR 2.08, 95% CI 0.90-4.79, P = 0.08), MOPP-like regimens as first-line therapy (RR 3.84, 95% CI 1.69-9.09, P = 0.001), bulky disease at ASCT (RR 2.79, 95% CI 0.29-6.03, P = 0.009) and two or more lines of therapy before ASCT (RR 2.24, 95% CI 0.95-5.27, P = 0.06) adversely influenced OS.
In our experience, although overall results of ASCT in PR-HD patients are poor, one-quarter of the patients remain alive at 5 years. Despite this, other therapeutic strategies should be investigated in this group of patients to improve the outcome.
Annals of Oncology 06/2003; 14(5):745-51. · 6.58 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: High serum levels of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1(s-ICAM-1/s-CD54) have been associated with adverse clinical features and poor outcome in chronic lymphocytic leukemia, Hodgkin's disease and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, but their value in the different subtypes of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma has not been well addressed.
Our aim was to study the serum levels of s-ICAM-1 in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and to correlate them with clinical characteristics and outcome. We analyzed the serum levels of s-ICAM-1 in a series of 55 patients with DLBCL diagnosed in a single institution. s-ICAM-1 levels were quantified by an immunoenzymatic assay. Median age was 62 years (range 22-96); 29 (53%) were male. Twenty-eight (51%) presented with advanced clinical stage (III/IV), 32 (58%) had extranodal involvement, 28 (51%) had high serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and 23 (43%) had high beta2-microglobulin levels. All patients received anthracycline-containing regimens. Correlation between clinical variables and s-ICAM-1 levels were tested with the Mann-Whitney U-test and survival was plotted by the Kaplan-Meier method, and curves compared with the log-rank test.
Serum levels of s-ICAM-1 were significantly increased in patients with DLBCL compared with normal controls (589 +/- 487 versus 279 +/- 65 ng/ml, respectively; P <0.001). Higher levels of s-ICAM-1 were present in patients with B symptoms, advanced stage and increased LDH and beta2-microglobulin. s-ICAM-1 levels also correlated with achievement of a complete response. Patients with s-ICAM-1 over 668 ng/ml had a shorter time to treatment failure (TTF) (3-year TTF, 59% versus 20%, respectively; P = 0.01) and overall survival (OS) (3-year OS, 58% versus 22%, respectively; P = 0.04) than the remainders. When only low and low-intermediate risk patients in the international prognostic index score were considered, those with s-ICAM-1 over 668 ng/ml also had worse TTF and OS.
In DLBCL, s-ICAM-1 levels correlated with high tumor burden and lymphoma dissemination and may contribute to assessment of prognosis.
Annals of Oncology 04/2003; 14(3):467-74. · 6.58 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of our study was to determine the effect of adding r-metHuSCF to Filgrastim and cyclophosphamide for mobilization of peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPC), on collection of CD34(+) cells and engraftment after autologous stem cell transplant. Twenty-three patients with previously treated stage II-IV breast cancer received cyclophosphamide (3 g/m(2)), Filgrastim 5 microg/kg daily and r-metHuSCF 20 microg/kg daily. Two PBPC collections were performed on consecutive days starting the day the WBC count was above 7.5 x 10(3)/microl. Collection was performed between days +9 and +12 and the median number of CD34(+) cells collected was 9.9 x 10(6)/kg (1.1-53.1) and 6.6 x 10(6)/kg (1.4-33.8) for the first and second apheresis, respectively. Despite being previously treated patients, the target CD34(+) cell dose required for SCT was obtained in all patients. SCT was associated with rapid neutrophil and platelet engraftment and a highly significant correlation was observed between the number of CD34(+) cells infused and engraftment. Treatment with SCF plus filgrastim was well tolerated, with mild to moderate local skin rash being the most frequently reported adverse event. In conclusion, addition of r-metHuSCF induces mobilization of a large number of CD34(+) cells which results in shortening of time to engraftment and hospitalization.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to analyse the results and prognostic factors influencing overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) in 452 patients diagnosed with diffuse large cell lymphomas (DLCL) treated with high-dose therapy (HDT) included in the Grupo Español de Linfomas/Trasplante Autólogo de Médula Osea (GEL-TAMO) Spanish registry.
At transplantation, median age was 42 years (range 15-73), 146 patients (32%) were transplanted in first complete remission (1st CR), 19% in second CR (2nd CR) and 47% had active disease: sensitive disease in 157 (35%) patients [95 were in first partial remission (1st PR) and 62 in second PR (2nd PR)] and refractory disease in 55 (12%) patients. Age-adjusted International Prognostic Index (IPI) was 2 or 3 in 51 patients (12%). Conditioning regimen consisted of BEAM (carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine and melphalan) in 39% of patients, BEAC (carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine and cyclophosphamide) in 33%, CBV (carmustine, etoposide and cyclophosphamide) in 10% and cyclophosphamide plus total body irradiation (TBI) in 12%.
Estimated overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) at 5 years were 53% and 43%, respectively. The transplant-related mortality was 11% (53 cases). By multivariate analysis three variables significantly influenced OS and DFS: number of protocols to reach 1st CR, disease status at transplant and TBI in the conditioning regimen. Age-adjusted IPI at transplantation also influenced OS.
Prolonged OS and DFS can be achieved in patients with DLCL after HDT and our results suggest that the best line of chemotherapy should be used up-front in patients considered as candidates for HDT in order to obtain an early CR. Resistant patients are not good candidates for HDT and they should be offered newer strategies. Finally, polichemotherapy conditioning regimens offer better results compared with TBI.
Annals of Oncology 02/2003; 14(1):140-51. · 6.58 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The administration of G-CSF post transplant has been shown to accelerate the time to neutrophil engraftment. However, this does not necessarily translate into a meaningful clinical benefit to the patient. This randomized study was designed to determine the role of G-CSF following transplantation in patients with breast cancer (BC). A total of 241 evaluable patients with BC were included. There were 200 patients with high-risk BC, and 41 had disseminated BC in complete remission. All patients received conventional dose chemotherapy prior to transplantation. Patients were mobilized with G-CSF, received the STAMP V regimen, were transplanted with > or = 2.5 x 10(6) of CD34(+) cells/kg and were then randomized to receive 5 microg/kg of G-CSF starting on the day of infusion (arm A), five days later (arm B), or no G-CSF (arm C). The need for transfusion support, infectious complications and length of hospitalization were the variables chosen to demonstrate clinical benefit. Patients receiving G-CSF reached 500 and 1000 neutrophils significantly faster (P = 0.001) than patients with no G-CSF. This translated into a significantly (P < 0.05) shorter hospitalization time for patients receiving G-CSF. Arm C was closed and, after recruiting 110 patients in arm A, and 106 in arm B, the significant difference in neutrophil recovery persisted with no difference in the time of hospitalization between arms A and B. Therefore, G-CSF significantly accelerates the time to neutrophil engraftment. This translates into a shorter time of hospitalization. There is no difference in this variable regarding the time of administering the G-CSF: day 0 vs day +5. Therefore, G-CSF on day +5 should be the standard in this setting.
Bone Marrow Transplantation 06/2002; 29(9):737-43. · 3.47 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) may present with either nodal or leukemic disease. The molecular determinants underlying this different biologic behavior are not known. This study compared the pattern of genetic abnormalities in patients with nodal and leukemic phases of MCL using comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for specific gene loci. Although both leukemic and nodal MCL showed similar genomic patterns of losses (involving 6q, 11q22-q23, 13q14, and 17p13) and gains (affecting 3q and 8q), genomic loss of chromosome 8p occurred more frequently in patients with leukemic disease (79% versus 11%, P <.001). Subsequent CGH analysis confirmed the genomic loss of 8p21-p23 in 6 of 8 MCL cell lines. Interestingly, MYC gene amplification was restricted to cases with 8p deletion. These data indicate the presence of a novel tumor suppressor gene locus on 8p, whose deletion may be associated with leukemic dissemination and poor prognosis in patients with MCL.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The performances of a commercially available qualitative plasma PCR assay (AMPLICOR CMV test; Roche Diagnostics) and the pp65 antigenemia assay (AG) were evaluated for the monitoring of cytomegalovirus (CMV) viremia in 43 allogeneic stem cell transplant recipients. In addition, the suitabilities of both assays for triggering the initiation of preemptive ganciclovir therapy were assessed. A total of 37 CMV viremic episodes were detected in 28 patients. Positivity of plasma PCR testing in one or more consecutive specimens was the only marker of CMV viremia in 18 of the 37 episodes (PCR positive and AG negative, n = 50 specimens). Five episodes were diagnosed on the basis of a single positive AG result (AG positive and PCR negative, n = 5 specimens); both assays were eventually positive (PCR positive and AG positive, n = 27 specimens) for 14 viremic episodes; for these episodes, conversion of the PCR assay result to a positive result occurred an average of 1 week before conversion of the AG result. Overall, the concordance between the two methods was 90%, and the sensitivities of the plasma PCR assay and AG for the detection of CMV viremic episodes were 86.5 and 51.3%, respectively. Two patients who tested positive by both assays simultaneously progressed to CMV end-stage organ disease, despite the initiation of preemptive ganciclovir therapy. Conversion of the AG result to a negative result upon administration of preemptive ganciclovir therapy occurred a median of 7.5 days earlier than conversion of the plasma PCR assay result. Nineteen of the 28 patients with CMV viremia received AG-guided preemptive ganciclovir therapy; had the positivity of the plasma PCR assay triggered the initiation of preemptive therapy, 9 additional patients would have been unnecessarily treated since none of them developed CMV end-stage organ disease. Although the AMPLICOR CMV assay is more sensitive than AG, the latter appears to be more suitable both for guiding the initiation of preemptive therapy and for monitoring a patient's response to antiviral therapy.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology 12/2001; 39(11):3938-41. · 4.23 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have investigated the influence of ex vivo expansion of human CD34(+) cord blood cells on the expression and function of adhesion molecules involved in the homing and engraftment of haematopoietic progenitors. Ex vivo expansion of umbilical cord blood CD34(+) cells for 6 d in the presence of interleukin 3 (IL-3), IL-6 and stem cell factor (SCF) or IL-11, SCF and Flt-3L resulted in increased expression of alpha 4, alpha 5, beta 1, alpha M and beta 2 integrins. However, a significant decrease in the adhesion of progenitor cells to fibronectin was observed after the ex vivo culture (adhesion of granulocyte-macrophage colony-forming units (CFU-GM) was 22 +/- 4% in fresh cells versus 5 +/- 2% and 2 +/- 2% in each combination of cytokines). Incubation with the beta 1 integrin-activating antibody TS2/16 restored adhesion to fibronectin. Transplantation of ex vivo expanded umbilical cord blood CD34(+) cells was associated with an early delayed engraftment in non-obese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficient (NOD/SCID) mice. Incubation of cells with the monoclonal antibody TS2/16 before transplantation almost completely abrogated NOD/SCID repopulating ability of both fresh and expanded CD34(+) cells. The seeding efficiency of fresh and expanded CD34(+) cells was similar, but markedly reduced after incubation with the TS2/16 monoclonal antibody. Our results show that functional activation of beta 1 integrins could overcome the decreased very late antigen (VLA)-4- and VLA-5-mediated adhesion observed after ex vivo expansion of haematopoietic progenitors. However, in vivo, these effects induced an almost complete abrogation of the homing and repopulating ability of CD34(+) UCB cells.
British Journal of Haematology 11/2001; 115(1):213-21. · 4.96 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The kinetics of the gB-specific and neutralizing antibody responses to human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) were analyzed in 26 allogeneic stem-cell transplant recipients who either did (n = 20) or did not (n = 6) develop asymptomatic HCMV active infection during the study period. Antibody response profiles varied widely among individuals in both groups, irrespective of whether HCMV active infection did or did not occur. Development of HCMV active infection was not preceded by a decline in functional serum antibody levels. Neither the absence nor the presence of HCMV active infection correlated with either high or low serum levels of gB-specific and neutralizing antibodies, respectively. In most patients, episodes of HCMV replication were not followed by a marked increment in functional serum antibody titers. Therefore, resolution of an ongoing HCMV active infection was not associated with a vigorous antibody response to viral replication. In addition, this study supports previous data indicating that passive transfer of human immunoglobulins may result in an increment in gB-specific and neutralizing serum antibody levels, the magnitude of which varies among recipients; however, both patients with and without measurable increments in serum antibody levels developed HCMV active infections with comparable frequency.
Journal of Medical Virology 10/2001; 65(1):77-84. · 2.22 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Structural alterations in 3q27 affecting the BCL6 locus are among the most frequent changes in B-NHL. The aim of the present study was to establish an interphase-FISH assay for the detection of all diverse BCL6 translocations in B-NHL. Two different approaches were tested, one using a PAC-clone spanning the major breakpoint region (MBR) of BCL6 (span-assay), and another using two BAC clones flanking the MBR (flank-assay). Interphase FISH with the span-assay detected the various BCL6 translocations in seven B-NHL cell lines. The dual-color flank-assay was evaluated in two laboratories independently: in normal controls, the cutoff level for false-positive signals was 2.6%, whereas the cutoff level for false-negatives in the seven cell lines was 7.5%. To test the feasibility of the FISH strategies, 30 samples from patients with B-NHL with cytogenetic abnormalities of 3q27 were evaluated with both assays. In 21 cases, the span-assay indicated a BCL6 rearrangement. In 18 of the 21 cases, the dual-color flank-assay confirmed the translocation including 12 different partner chromosomal loci. The three false-positive cases detected with the span-assay showed trisomy of chromosome 3 by cytogenetic analyses, and they were correctly classified as non-rearranged with the flank-assay. In summary, our FISH strategy using two differently labeled flanking BCL6 BAC probes provides a robust, sensitive, and reproducible method for the detection of common and uncommon abnormalities of BCL6 gene in interphase nuclei. The routine application of this assay to patients with B-NHL will allow the assessment of the diagnostic and prognostic significance of BCL6 rearrangements.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An allogeneic transplantation of CD34(+)-selected cells from peripheral blood (allo-PBT/CD34(+)) from HLA-identical sibling donors was performed in 50 adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia in first complete remission (AML CR1) (n = 29), myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) (n = 4), or chronic myeloid leukemia in first chronic phase (CML CP1) (n = 17). Clinical results were compared to a concurrent group of 50 patients transplanted with unmodified peripheral blood progenitor cells (allo-PBT), matched for age, diagnosis, and disease stage. The median follow-up period was 29 months (range 1-69). The actuarial probability of developing acute GVHD clinical grade II to IV was 16% (95%CI: 6-26) for the allo-PBT/CD34(+) group and 41% (95%CI: 29-57) for the allo-PBT group (P = 0.002). The actuarial probability of developing extensive chronic GVHD was 22% (95%CI: 8-36) for the allo-PBT/CD34(+) group and 47% (95%CI: 31-63) for the allo-PBT group (P = 0.02). Recipients of allo-PBT/CD34(+) had less toxicity associated with the transplant and better Karnofsky index at the last follow-up. For AML/MDS patients, the actuarial probability of disease-free survival (DFS) for recipients of allo-PBT/CD34(+) and allo-PBT was 65% (95%CI: 45-85) vs43% (95%CI: 28-58) (P = 0.05), respectively. These data provide a rationale for a randomised trial of allo-PBT/CD34(+) vs allo-PBT in AML/MDS patients in early stage of the disease.
Bone Marrow Transplantation 09/2001; 28(4):349-54. · 3.47 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To analyse the results of the treatment with 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine (2CdA) in 9 patients with refractory or relapsed Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) tracted in 8 Spanish hospitals between 1993 and 1999.
In the 9 patients the following data were recorded: age, sex, organ involvement by LCH, first treatment and response, dose, number of cycles and schedule of administration 2CdA, response to 2CdA treatment, toxicity, disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS).
Median age was 25 years (range, 6-63). All patients had multiorganic involvement by LCH, with severe organ dysfunction in 4. 2CdA was administered as second line treatment in 7 cases and as third line in 2. The 2CdA dose was 0.1 mg/kg per day during 5 days in the majority of patients, and interval between cycles was 4 weeks. In 2 cases a complete remission (CR) was achieved and 4 cases attained a partial remission (PR) (overall response rate 66%). The main toxicity was hematologic, with neutropenia grade > 2 in 5 cases and thrombocytopenia > 2 in 5. Four patients had infections, with fatal evolution in one of them. After a median follow-up of 8 months (range 2-17), 2 patients remained in CR (12 months both), 4 in PR (range 2-12 months) and one had active disease (17 months). The other two died due to progressive disease and Aspergillus spp. sepsis, respectively. The actuarial probabilities of DFS and OS were 58% (95% CI, 38-78%) and 71% (95% CI, 54-88%), respectively.
2CdA is an active drug for patients with refractory or relapsed LCH, and its main toxicity is myelosuppression. The usefulness of 2CdA, isolated or in combination with other drugs, in patients with refractory or relapsed LCH must be assessed in controlled studies.