R Kube

Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany

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Publications (51)56.16 Total impact

  • R Kube, P Mroczkowski
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    ABSTRACT: The determination of an optimal treatment protocol for colonic cancer with synchronous incurable metastases remains a challenge, especially if the primary tumor is asymptomatic. Available data on whether resection of the primary tumor means a benefit or a danger to the patient are limited and inhomogeneous. A survival benefit could be shown only in retrospective studies with a bias against primary chemotherapy. The important question of the quality of life (QOL) remains completely unanswered in this respect. There are numerous groups and guidelines in favor of a primary palliative chemotherapy for these patients, possibly intensified by antibodies. The results of the currently ongoing randomized multicenter SYNCHRONUS study will deliver objective data facilitating the decision-making process with respect to the indications for resection of the primary tumor or primary chemotherapy.
    06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Colon carcinomas are the most common malignant tumours in the Western world. Important findings about the overall quality of medical care have been reported in multi-centre observational studies. A quality enhancement of therapeutic care can be achieved by an additional increase in diagnostic and therapeutic measures in the interdisciplinary setting. The development of colon cancer centres improves the chance to objectively observe the results of medical care induced by the development of an interdisciplinary and cross-sectoral unit that includes a comprehensive medical care for patients. The implementation of the current medical findings based on evidence in clinical routine, the inspection of the usage of guidelines by external specialists as part of an audit and the continuous correction of analysed deficits in the course of treatment guarantee a continuous improvement of service.
    Zentralblatt für Chirurgie 10/2012; · 0.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is a growing amount of data supporting the concept that cancers originating from the proximal and distal colon are distinct clinicopathological entities. The incidence of MSI and BRAF mutation is strongly associated with right sided tumor location, whereas there are conflicting results for KRAS mutation rates. However, to date, no data exist whether and to what extent defined colonic subsites influence MSI status, KRAS and BRAF mutation rates. We selected primary colon cancer from 171 patients operated on at our institution between 2007 and 2010. BRAF, KRAS mutation rates and microsatellite instability were determined and correlated with clinicopathological features and tumor location. MSI-h cancers were significantly associated with poor histological grade but a lower rate of distant metastases. KRAS-mutated tumors were linked to lower T-stage and better differentiation. Colon carcinomas with BRAF mutation were significantly associated with distant metastatic spread and poor histological grade. Furthermore, we found that MSI-h status, KRAS and BRAF mutation rates varied remarkably among the colonic subsites irrespective of right- and left-sided origin, respectively. The results of the current study provide further evidence that a simple classification into right- and left-sided colon carcinoma does not represent the complexity of this tumor entity.
    Pathology - Research and Practice 08/2012; 208(10):592-7. · 1.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim:  The goal of this registry study was to compare open surgery with planned laparoscopy and then with laparoscopic-to-open conversion for rectal cancer surgery. Method:  The study included 17964 rectal cancer patients, operated between Jan 1, 2000-Dec 31, 2009, from 345 hospitals in Germany. All statistical tests were two-sided, with chi-square test (Pearson correlation) for patients and tumour characteristics. Fisher's exact test was used for complications and 30 day mortality. Results:  Of the 17964 rectal cancer patients, 16308 (90.8%) had an open procedure and 1656 (9.2%) were started with a laparoscopy. The 1455 patients with completed laparoscopic operations had fewer intra- and postoperative complications (5.4% vs. 7.0%, p=0.020 and 20.5% vs. 25.8%, p<0.001, respectively) and a lower 30 day mortality rate (1.1% vs. 1.9%, p=0.023). Of the 1656 planned laparoscopies, 201(12.1%) were converted to open. The converted group suffered more intraoperative complications (18.9% vs. 3.6% for completed laparoscopy and 7.0% for open surgery, p<0.0001) and postoperative complications (32.3% vs. 18.9% for completed laparoscopies and 25.8% for open operations, [p<0.0001]). The converted group also had a higher 30 day mortality rate (2.0% vs. 1.0% for completed laparoscopies and 1.9% for open surgery, p=0.043). Conclusion:  The more favourable patient profile provided justification for a laparoscopic procedure. For those converted to an open procedure, however, there were significantly more complications than planned open surgery patients. A move away from the standard open procedure for rectal cancer surgery and towards laparoscopy is not yet feasible. © 2012 The Authors Colorectal Disease © 2012 The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland.
    Colorectal Disease 04/2012; · 2.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We focused on the risk factors for poor outcome after curative resection of a colon cancer in UICC stages I and II based on the data of the Germany-wide quality assurance study "colon/rectum cancer (primary tumor)." In some countries, all stage II colon cancer patients are encouraged to participate in a clinical trial. We feel that this approach is too broad. Using the data of 15,096 patients operated on from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2004, the following factors were analyzed with the Cox regression model: age, comorbidities, ASA score, gender, localization of the tumor (left colon vs. right colon), perioperative complications (yes/no), pT stage, grading (G1/G2 vs. G3/G4), L-status (lymph vessels invasion yes/no), and V-status (venous invasion yes/no). The probability of a local relapse in stages I and II was 1.5 and 4.6%, respectively, or distant metastases 4.7 and 10.2%, respectively. Only pT stage [hazard ratio (HR) for pT1 = 1, pT2 = 1.821, pT3 = 2.735, and pT4 = 5.881], L-status (HR for L1 = 1.393), age (HR per year = 1.021), as well as ASA score IV (HR = 4.536) had significant influence on tumor-free survival. Despite favorable prognosis and R0 resection, a small percentage of patients will still relapse. The most important risk factor comprising the tumor-free survival is the pT stage followed by L-status and age. These results should be taken into consideration when determining the course for adjuvant chemotherapy, especially if the course includes the recommendation of clinical trial participation for stage II colon cancer patients after an R0 resection.
    World Journal of Surgery 03/2012; 36(7):1693-8. · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this prospective observational multicentre study was to evaluate the incidence of synchronous liver metastases in colon and rectal cancer and to determine clinico-pathologic factors of the colorectal cancer that influenced the development of synchronous liver metastases. Of 48,894 patients with colorectal cancer and who underwent surgery between January 2000 and December 2004, 7209 developed hepatic metastases and were analyzed. Synchronous liver metastases occurred in 14.7% of the colorectal cancer cases. Colon cancer (15.4%) led significantly more frequently to haematogenous spread to the liver than rectal cancer (13.5%) in a univariate approach. The N, V, and T stage, as well as the number of metastatic-involved local lymph nodes independently influenced the frequency of synchronous liver metastases in colon and rectal cancer in a multivariate analysis. Localization of the cancer in the colon led to a different number of synchronous liver metastases. Localization of the rectal cancer did not influence the rate of synchronous liver metastases. In the case of synchronous liver metastases, patients with colon cancer had significantly more peritoneal metastases (17.9 vs. 9.15%) but less lung (9.7 vs. 14%) and bone (0.7 vs. 1.6%) metastases. Simultaneous curative liver resections were done in 7% of colon cancer cases and in 8.8% of rectal cancer cases. In this national study the incidence of synchronous liver metastases in colon and rectal cancer were different. Independent factors leading to synchronous liver metastases could be identified. Venous infiltration seems to be important for the development of distant metastases.
    European journal of surgical oncology: the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology 12/2011; 38(3):259-65. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Malignant tumours are the second largest cause of death in Europe. Colorectal cancer takes second place within this group and is responsible for every eighth tumour-related death. Current Situation: Surgical quality assurance requires a prospective observational study, any different type of study is not possible. A complete recording of all treated patients is a prerequisite for quality assurance. Currently, there are quality assurance programmes in Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Great Britain, Spain, Belgium, the Netherlands as well as the multinational study for patients from Germany, Poland and Italy. These projects deliver comprehensive information regarding the treatment of colorectal cancer. However, this information is deeply rooted in the organisation of the health-care system in the given country and is not easily transferable into international settings. Also, an interpretation of the collected data is often possible only within the given health-care system.Future Perspectives: First, unified initial diagnostics is a prerequisite for quality assurance -  for the local extent and exclusion / confirmation of distant metastases. Until these criteria are unified, any comparison is limited, including a comparison of survival. Second, quality-of-life is not recorded in any of the current projects. Third, the main focus of a quality assurance project must be on therapy-dependent factors. The most sensible method of quality control remains within the connection of preoperative diagnostics (estimate of a best-case scenario), the surgical technique (the actual result) and a standardised pathological examination (evaluation of the actual result). These parameters can be recorded and compared within a quality assurance project regardless of the limitations of the national health-care systems. There is no alternative to a unified diagnostics model and unified histopathological evaluation, a complete picture of treatment quality is also not possible without systematic analysis of the quality of life.
    Zentralblatt für Chirurgie 12/2011; · 0.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present an alternative approach to quality assessment in colorectal cancer, enabling a direct comparison of improvement at the level of the care provider. In 2000, a quality assessment project in colorectal cancer in Germany was started. Data were provided for every patient treated for colorectal cancer. The enrolment questionnaire described patient data, risk factors, reason for hospitalization, diagnostics prior to surgery, surgical procedures, intraoperative complications, general and surgical complications in postoperative period, pathological report and discharge status. From 2000 to 2007, there were 57 429 patients included in the study. The total number of 372 hospitals that took part in the project varied from 153 to 281 per year. The overall resection rate for colon cancer was 97.1% and 94.8% for rectal cancer. Although the localization of rectal tumours did not vary, the percentage of abdominoperineal excisions fell from 26.1% in 2000 to 21.3% in 2008 (P < 0.001). Hospital mortality for colon cancer varied between 3.2% and 4.2% (P Pearson chi-square 0.032, linear-by-linear 0.257) and for rectal cancer between 2.7% and 3.7% (P Pearson chi-square 0.233). Patient age was not related to in-hospital mortality. The proposed model of quality assessment shows validity and results comparable to population-based studies. It does not require support from the health care system, making its implementation possible in every hospital worldwide.
    Colorectal Disease 08/2011; 13(8):890-5. · 2.08 Impact Factor
  • Zentralblatt für Chirurgie 06/2011; 136(3):293-5. · 0.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The study aimed to determine whether hospitals within a quality assurance programme have outcomes of colon cancer surgery related to volume. Data were used from an observational study to determine whether outcomes of colon cancer surgery are related to hospital volume. Hospitals were divided into three groups (low, medium and high) based on annual caseload. Cancer staging, resected lymph nodes, perioperative complications and follow up were monitored. Between 2000 and 2004, 345 hospitals entered 31,261 patients into the study: 202 hospitals (group I) were classified as low volume (<30 operations; 7760 patients; 24.8%), 111 (group II) as medium volume (30-60; 14,008 patients; 44.8%) and 32 (groups III) as high volume (>60; 9493 patients; 30.4%). High-volume centres treated more patients in UICC stages 0, I and IV, whereas low-volume centres treated more in stages II and III (P<0.001). There was no significant difference for intra-operative complications and anastomotic leakage. The difference in 30-day mortality between the low and high-volume groups was 0.8% (P=0.023).Local recurrence at 5 years was highest in the medium group. Overall survival was highest in the high-volume group; however, the difference was only significant between the medium and high-volume groups. For the low and high-volume groups, there was no significant difference in the 5-year overall survival rates. A definitive statement on outcome differences between low-volume and high-volume centres participating in a quality assurance programme cannot be made because of the heterogeneity of results and levels of significance. Studies on volume-outcome effects should be regarded critically.
    Colorectal Disease 05/2011; 13(9):e276-83. · 2.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: When compared with other EU countries, Poland is in the last place in terms of efficacy of rectal cancer treatment. In order to remedy this situation, in 2008 Polish centres were given the opportunity to participate in an international programme for evaluating the treatment efficacy.The aim of the study was to present the results obtained during the first two years of research. The study protocol covered 71 questions concerning demographic data, diagnostics, risk factors, peri- and post-operative complications, histopathology, and treatment plan at discharge. The patient and unit data were kept confidential. From 1 January 2008 to 30 December 2009, there were 709 patients recorded, of which 55.9% were males. At least one risk factor was found in approx. 3/4 of patients, while approx. 1/3 of patients were classified to group 3 and 4 according to ASA. The mean distance of the tumour from the anal margin was 8.5 cm; approx. 70% of patients were in the clinical stages cT3 and cT4; metastases were observed in 18.8%. Transrectal endoscopic ultrasonography (TREUS) was performed in 23.7% of patients, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 2.5% and computed tomography (CT) scan - in 48.1%. In close to half of the patients, anterior or low anterior resection of the rectum was performed, and abdominoperineal resection in 1/4 of the patients. Anastomotic leakage was seen in 3.8% of patients, while 1.8% died during hospitalisation. It should be strived after that all the centres undertaking the treatment of rectal cancer should participate in the quality assurance programme. This should enable the achievement of good therapeutic results in patients with rectal cancer treated in Polish centres.
    Polish Journal of Surgery 03/2011; 83(3):144-9.
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    ABSTRACT: It is common to distinguish between right and left colon cancer (RCC and LCC). But, little is known about the influence of its exact location on the tumor stage and characteristics when considering the colonic subsite within the right or left colon. During a five-year period, 29,568 consecutive patients were evaluated by data from the German multi-centered observational study "Colon/Rectal Carcinoma". Patients were split into 7 groups, each group representing a colonic subsite. They were compared regarding demographic factors, tumor stage, metastatic spread and histopathological characteristics. Analysis of tumor differentiation and histological subtype revealed a linear correlation to the ileocecal valve, supporting the right and left side classification model. However, cancers arising from the RCC's cecum (52.3%) and LCC's splenic flexure (51.0%) showed the highest proportion of UICC stage III/IV tumors and lymphatic invasion, whereas the RCC's ascending colon (46.5%) and LCC's descending (44.7%) showed the lowest, which supports a more complex classification system, breaking down the right and left sides into colonic subsites. Age, tumor grade and histological subtype support the right and left side classification model. However, gender, UICC stage, metastatic spread, T and N status, and lymphatic invasion correlated with a specific colonic subsite, irrespective of the side. The classification of RCC or LCC provides a general understanding of the tumor, but identification of the colonic subsite provides additional prognostic information. This study shows that the standard right and left side classification model may be insufficient.
    European journal of surgical oncology: the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology 02/2011; 37(2):134-9. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An inadequate closure of the appendix stump leads to intra-abdominal surgical site infection. The effectiveness of various appendiceal stump closure methods, for instance, staplers or endoloops, was evaluated. Many analyses show that the use of a stapler for transection and closure of the appendiceal stump lowers the risk of this infection but a statistically significant risk of postoperative intra-abdominal abscess or wound infection was not considered in any randomized study. The aim of this study was to evaluate the complications after using endoloops in a high-volume center. The data of 1,790 patients who underwent laparoscopic appendectomy between January 1998 and December 2006 and a single center was prospectively acquired. The standard procedure used was an appendiceal stump closure using endoloops and a selective use of staplers. The outcome criteria for inclusion in the study were intra-abdominal abscess formations, other specific intraoperative and postoperative complications, and the different costs of the operation. Laparoscopic appendectomy was performed in 1,790 (80.8%) patients and open appendectomy in 425 (19.2%) patients. Conversion to open surgery occurred in 74 (4.13%) patients. Laparoscopic appendectomy with stump closure using endoloops was performed in 1,670 (97.3%) patients and stump closure using a stapler in 46 (2.7%) patients. Among 851 patients with acute appendicitis, 284 patients with perforated appendicitis, and 535 patients with other or no pathology, the rate of intra-abdominal abscess after using an endoloop or a stapler was not significantly different (1.5 vs. 0%, p = 0.587; 3.5 vs. 4.2%, p = 0.870; 0.7% vs. 0, p = 0.881, respectively). There were no significant differences between the endoloop group and the stapler group with respect to the other specific intraoperative and postoperative complications. This study shows the safety of the endoloop for clinical daily routine. A selective procedure for stump closure has been established. Appendiceal stump closure using an endoloop is an easy, safe, and cost-effective procedure.
    Surgical Endoscopy 01/2011; 25(1):124-9. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multi-center observational studies in surgery can yield important findings, as long as they are appropriately designed and monitored and employ modern methods of statistical analysis. In a multi-center quality assurance study carried out in 346 German hospitals from 2000 to 2004, data were collected from a total of 31 055 patients who underwent surgery for colon carcinoma. The current, overall state of medical care for this disease was analyzed, with particular attention to aspects of quality assurance. 46.7% of the patients were in the advanced, prognostically unfavorable stages UICC III and IV and had an overall 5-year survival of 53.8% in stage III and 9.8% in stage IV. Laparoscopic intention-to-treat procedures were performed on 1401 patients (4.7%), of whom 20.6% required conversion to laparotomy. The patients who required conversion to laparotomy had a worse overall outcome. 28 271 patients were treated with tumor resection and primary anastomosis; in this group, 3% (n = 844) developed an anastomotic leak. Logistic regression analysis identified the following risk factors for anastomotic leakage: duration of surgery, ileus, tumor localization in the left colon, and single-layer suturing. This multi-center observational study yields valid findings about the epidemiology and overall quality of medical care for colon carcinoma in Germany.
    Deutsches Ärzteblatt International 01/2011; 108(4):41-6. · 3.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim The study aimed to determine whether hospitals within a quality assurance programme have outcomes of colon cancer surgery related to volume.Method Data were used from an observational study to determine whether outcomes of colon cancer surgery are related to hospital volume. Hospitals were divided into three groups (low, medium and high) based on annual caseload. Cancer staging, resected lymph nodes, perioperative complications and follow up were monitored. Between 2000 and 2004, 345 hospitals entered 31 261 patients into the study: 202 hospitals (group I) were classified as low volume ( 60; 9493 patients; 30.4%).Results High‐volume centres treated more patients in UICC stages 0, I and IV, whereas low‐volume centres treated more in stages II and III (P P = 0.023).Local recurrence at 5 years was highest in the medium group. Overall survival was highest in the high‐volume group; however, the difference was only significant between the medium and high‐volume groups. For the low and high‐volume groups, there was no significant difference in the 5‐year overall survival rates.Conclusion A definitive statement on outcome differences between low‐volume and high‐volume centres participating in a quality assurance programme cannot be made because of the heterogeneity of results and levels of significance. Studies on volume‐outcome effects should be regarded critically.
    Colorectal Disease 01/2011; 13(9). · 2.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: While carcinoma of the colon is a common malignancy, primary carcinoma of the appendix is rare. Many retrospective reviews outlined experience from different centers on appendiceal neoplasms. However, the study population is often small because it is so rare. The aim of this study was to analyze the type of surgery and survival of patients with appendiceal malignancies using data from a German multi-center observational study (31 341 patients). During a five-year period, 196 consecutive patients with malignant appendiceal tumors were distributed into four groups: appendiceal carcinoids, adenocarcinoma, mucinous adenocarcinoma and adenosquamous carcinoma. The following parameters were analyzed: demographics, clinical presentation, comorbidities, type and appropriateness of surgery, final pathology and survival. Adenocarcinoma had the highest incidence (50.5%). The most common presentation was that of acute appendicitis. Mean age at presentation was youngest for carcinoid tumors. Carcinoid tumors had lowest tumor size and localized disease was present in 72.9%. Metastatic spread at presentation was highest for adenosquamous and mucinous adenocarcinoma and each had a distinct pattern. Right hemicolectomy was performed in 71.4%, limited resection in 11.7%. Overall 5-year survival was 83.1% for carcinoid vs. 49.2% for non-carcinoid tumors. Histological subtype and tumor stage significantly affected survival. Long-term outcome of carcinoid tumors is superior to non-carcinoid neoplasms. Among all appendiceal neoplasms, adenosquamous carcinoma is the rarest histological subtype which is most commonly associated with advanced tumor stage and worst prognosis. Appropriate oncologic resection is being performed in a significant percentage of cases in Germany. However, the high rate of right hemicolectomy in patients with small carcinoid tumors needs to be critically discussed.
    European journal of surgical oncology: the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology 08/2010; 36(8):763-71. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Colorectal cancer is one of the most common malignancies in the Western world. In the past two decades, a growing amount of data has been reported suggesting that carcinomas of the right and left colon should be considered as different tumour entities. The aim of this review is to present a detailed analysis of the current knowledge regarding differences between right- and left-sided colon cancer and potential consequences for daily practice. For this report all articles with relevant information on differences between right- and left-sided colon carcinoma found via Pubmed searches were analysed. Furthermore, findings of a previous study performed by our group were included. Patients with right-sided colon cancer are significantly older, predominantly women, with a higher rate of comorbidities. Most of the large epidemiological studies reported a continued rightward shift of colorectal cancer. Histopathologically, carcinoma of the right colon show a higher percentage of poorly differentiated, locally advanced tumours with a higher rate of mucinous carcinoma and different pattern of metastatic spread. Survival is significantly worse in patients with right-sided carcinomas. There are numerous genetic differences which account for the distinct carcinogenesis and biological behaviour. The numerous findings regarding differences between right- and left-sided colon cancers should have an impact on colon cancer screening and therapy. Firstly, there are defined risk groups which should receive complete colonoscopy, particularly if they present with symptoms suspicious for colon carcinoma. Furthermore, location of the colon cancer should be considered before group stratification into genetic, clinical and especially chemotherapy trials. A more tailored approach to colon cancer treatment would be highly desirable if future trials further support the hypothesis of two distinct tumour entities.
    Zentralblatt für Chirurgie 08/2010; 135(4):312-7. · 0.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, different variables focusing on quality of colorectal surgery were investigated with respect to hospital categories: university hospital - U; hospital with maximum care responsibility (with a full spectrum of medical disciplines) - M; secondary care hospital with central regional responsibility (6-9 departments) - S; primary care hospital with local responsibility (2-5 departments) - G; The primary goal of this study was to analyse the current standard of care in patients with colorectal carcinoma in Germany. From 2000-2004, data of 47 435 patients with colorectal cancer were evaluated, using data compiled in the German multi-centred observational study "Colon/Rectal Carcinoma". Analysis was performed for all variables with respect to hospital categories. Due to the remarkable number of patients, differences between the groups were to be regarded as significant if p<0.01. Preoperative colonoscopy (U: 70.1% M: 70.4% S: 67.9% G: 67.2) and preoperative determination of serum tumour markers (U: 83.8% M: 80.1% S: 81.9% G: 77.1) mainly indicate the quality of gastroenterological work-up before surgical intervention. In general, standards established by the "German Cancer Association" were not met and showed significantly lower rates for primary and secondary care hospitals. In contrast, variables indicating quality of perioperative course and outcome: rate of anastomotic leak (U: 2.1% M: 2.8% S: 2.1% G: 3.1%), rate of surgical intervention (U: 4.3% M: 3.1% S: 3.5% G: 3.1%) and mortality rate (U: 4.4% M: 2.2% S: 3.5% G: 4.1%) were in accordance with the requirements and did not differ significantly between all groups. However, an analysis of surgical and histopathological process quality (complete histology: U: 96.3% M: 93.6% S: 91.9% G: 90.9%) revealed significant differences with results being significantly lower for primary care hospitals. There is in principle no necessity to centre colorectal surgery in tertiary care hospitals as quality parameters focusing on results and outcome are comparable. However, in primary care hospitals, there are deficits with regards to process quality. Therefore, all measures aiming to enhance in particular process quality, i. e., hospital certification or participation with quality assurance studies, are highly desirable to further improve patient care.
    Das Gesundheitswesen 03/2010; 73(3):134-9. · 0.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is a growing amount of data suggesting that carcinomas of the right and left colon should be considered as different tumor entities. Using the data and analysis compiled in the German multicentered study "Colon/Rectum Cancer," we aimed to clarify whether the existing differences influence clinical and histological parameters, the perioperative course, and the survival of patients with right- vs left-sided colon cancer. During a 3-year period data on all patients with colon cancer were evaluated. Right- and left-sided cancers were compared regarding the following parameters: demographic factors, comorbidities, and histology. For patients who underwent elective surgery with curative intent, the perioperative course and survival were also analyzed. A total of 17,641 patients with colon carcinomas were included; 12,719 underwent curative surgery. Patients with right-sided colon cancer were significantly older, and predominantly women with a higher rate of comorbidities. Mortality was significantly higher for this group. Final pathology revealed a higher percentage of poorly differentiated and locally advanced tumors. Rate of synchronous distant metastases was comparable. However, hepatic and pulmonary metastases were more frequently found in left-sided, peritoneal carcinomatosis in right-sided carcinomas. Survival was significantly worse in patients with right-sided carcinomas on an adjusted multivariate model (odds ratio, 1.12). We found that right- and left-sided colon cancers are significantly different regarding epidemiological, clinical, and histological parameters. Patients with right-sided colon cancers have a worse prognosis. These discrepancies may be caused by genetic differences that account for distinct carcinogenesis and biological behavior. The impact of these findings on screening and therapy remains to be defined.
    Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 01/2010; 53(1):57-64. · 3.34 Impact Factor
  • Gesundheitswesen. 01/2010; 72(02).

Publication Stats

233 Citations
56.16 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008–2012
    • Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg
      • Clinic for General, Visceral and Vascular Surgery
      Magdeburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany
  • 2009–2011
    • University Hospital Magdeburg
      Magdeburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany
    • DRK Kliniken Berlin
      Berlín, Berlin, Germany
  • 2005
    • Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena
      Jena, Thuringia, Germany