S Naureckiene

Umeå University, Umeå, Västerbotten, Sweden

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Publications (4)14.7 Total impact

  • Advances in experimental medicine and biology 02/2000; 485:113-8. · 1.83 Impact Factor
  • S Naureckiene, B E Uhlin
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    ABSTRACT: Differential gene expression from operons encoding fimbrial adhesins in Escherichia coli involves processing and differential decay of polycistronic transcripts. Previous analyses of mRNA processing in vivo using ribonuclease mutants of E. coli have given different results with the different fimbrial gene systems tested. For the pap operon from uropathogenic E. coli, the results suggested that the mRNA processing is dependent on ribonuclease E (RNase E), whereas in other fimbrial operons with similar genetic organisation, the processing was concluded to be RNase E independent. We have developed an in vitro system allowing us to assess the cleavage of pap mRNA, to study the mRNA processing of a fimbrial operon in more detail, and to define the enzymatic activity and target. The results of this study establish that RNase E does indeed cleave the papBA intercistronic transcript. Analysis of the cleavage products reveals that in vitro RNase E can cleave the mRNA at other positions in addition to the site preferentially cleaved in vivo. The specificity of the cleavage pattern was assessed using transcripts derived from mutants with base substitutions near, or within, the major in vivo cleavage site. Such mutants have alternative cleavage sites. A common feature of the different cleavage sites is a high A/U nucleotide content, similar to other known RNase E cleavage sites. Features of the secondary structure of the papBA intercistronic mRNA were investigated using single-strand-specific and double-strand-specific nucleases. The secondary structure model derived from stability calculations and our results from the nuclease-probing experiments indicate that the positions subject to RNase E cleavage are mainly single stranded and flanked by more stable stem-loop structures. The results are consistent with the notion that an mRNA conformation exposing A/U-rich, non-paired regions constitutes the target, i.e. a flexible determinant, for processing by RNase E in the pap transcript. The findings are discussed in relation to the existence of a potential recognition site for RNase E and the analysis of RNase E cleavages in other RNA molecules.
    Molecular Microbiology 08/1996; 21(1):55-68. · 5.03 Impact Factor
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    P Nilsson, S Naureckiene, B E Uhlin
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    ABSTRACT: The Escherichia coli pap genetic determinant includes 11 genes and encodes expression of Pap pili on the bacterial surface. An RNase E-dependent mRNA-processing event in the intercistronic papB-papA region results in the accumulation of a papA-gene-specific mRNA in considerable excess of the primary papB-papA mRNA transcription product. We have introduced mutations in the intercistronic region and studied the effect in vivo of these mutations on the processing event, PapA protein expression, and the biogenesis of fimbriae on the bacterial surface. Our studies establish that mRNA processing is an important event in the mechanism resulting in differential gene expression of the major pap operon. The deletion of sequences corresponding to the major cleavage site abolished processing, reduced expression of PapA protein, and resulted in "crew-cut" bacteria with short fimbrial structures on the bacterial surface. Only a limited part of the intercistronic region appeared to be required as the recognized target for the processing to occur. Upstream sequences to a position within 10 nucleotides of the major RNase E-dependent cleavage site could be deleted without any detectable effect on papB-papA mRNA processing, PapA protein expression, or fimbria formation. Substitution mutations of specific bases at the cleavage site by site-directed mutagenesis showed that there were alternative positions at which cleavage could be enhanced, and tests with an in vitro processing assay showed that such cleavages were also RNase E dependent. Our findings are discussed in relation to other fimbrial operons and other known targets of the RNase E endoribonuclease.
    Journal of Bacteriology 03/1996; 178(3):683-90. · 3.19 Impact Factor
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    L Taraseviciene, S Naureckiene, B E Uhlin
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    ABSTRACT: The rne gene product was highly purified from Escherichia coli cells overproducing the protein by a procedure including immunoaffinity chromatography. Expression in vivo and in vitro of the cloned 6-kilobase pair DNA fragment containing the entire rne gene resulted in the synthesis of a protein migrating as a 180-kDa polypeptide in the SDS-polyacrylamide gel. The position of the protein on the two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel indicated that the protein is highly acidic. The enzymatic activity test which used as the substrate RNA I and 9 S RNA provided evidence that the rne gene is the structural gene for the RNA processing enzyme RNAse E. The Western blot analysis performed using a rabbit antiserum raised against a truncated 110-kDa protein fragment of RNase E (containing two-thirds of the sequence from the N terminus) revealed that the 180-kDa polypeptide is the only protein recognized by the antibodies in a wild type whole cell extract of E. coli. The antibodies cross-reacted with similar molecular weight proteins from a number of different bacteria, suggesting that the rne gene product is evolutionarily conserved in the bacterial world.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 05/1994; 269(16):12167-72. · 4.65 Impact Factor