[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Stress has been identified as a major causal factor for many mental disorders. However, our knowledge about the chain of molecular and cellular events translating stress experience into altered behavior is still rather scant. Here, we have characterized a murine ortholog of the putative tumor suppressor gene DRR1 as a unique stress-induced protein in brain. It binds to actin, promotes bundling and stabilization of actin filaments, and impacts on actin-dependent neurite outgrowth. Endogenous DRR1 localizes to some, but not all, synapses, with preference for the presynaptic region. Hippocampal virus-mediated enhancement of DRR1 expression reduced spine density, diminished the probability of synaptic glutamate release, and altered cognitive performance. DRR1 emerges as a protein to link stress with actin dynamics, which in addition is able to act on synaptic function and cognition.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 10/2011; 108(41):17213-8. · 9.74 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Depression is a severe neuropsychiatric disorder affecting approximately 10% of the world population. Despite this, the molecular mechanisms underlying the disorder are still not understood. Novel technologies such as proteomic-based platforms are beginning to offer new insights into this devastating illness, beyond those provided by the standard targeted methodologies. Here, we will show the potential of proteome analyses as a tool to elucidate the pathophysiological mechanisms of depression as well as the discovery of potential diagnostic, therapeutic and disease course biomarkers.
European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience 12/2009; 260(6):499-506. · 2.75 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Schizophrenia is a complex disease, likely to be caused by a combination of serial alterations in a number of genes and environmental factors. The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (Brodmann's Area 46) is involved in schizophrenia and executes high-level functions such as working memory, differentiation of conflicting thoughts, determination of right and wrong concepts and attitudes, correct social behavior and personality expression. Global proteomic analysis of post-mortem dorsolateral prefrontal cortex samples from schizophrenia patients and non-schizophrenic individuals was performed using stable isotope labeling and shotgun proteomics. The analysis resulted in the identification of 1,261 proteins, 84 of which showed statistically significant differential expression, reinforcing previous data supporting the involvement of the immune system, calcium homeostasis, cytoskeleton assembly, and energy metabolism in schizophrenia. In addition a number of new potential markers were found that may contribute to the understanding of the pathogenesis of this complex disease.
European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience 02/2009; 259(3):151-63. · 2.75 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Global proteomic analysis of post-mortem anterior temporal lobe samples from schizophrenia patients and non-schizophrenia individuals was performed using stable isotope labeling and shotgun proteomics. Our analysis resulted in the identification of 479 proteins, 37 of which showed statistically significant differential expression. Pathways affected by differential protein expression include transport, signal transduction, energy pathways, cell growth and maintenance and protein metabolism. The collection of protein alterations identified here reinforces the importance of myelin/oligodendrocyte and calcium homeostasis in schizophrenia, and reveals a number of new potential markers that may contribute to the understanding of the pathogenesis of this complex disease.
Journal of Neural Transmission 12/2008; 116(3):275-89. · 3.05 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Significant knowledge about glucocorticoid signaling has accumulated, yet many aspects remain unknown. We aimed to discover novel factors involved in glucocorticoid receptor regulation that do not necessarily require direct receptor interaction. We achieved this by using a functional genetic screen: a stable cell line which cannot survive hormone treatment was engineered, randomly mutated, and selected in the presence of glucocorticoid. A hormone-resistant clone was analyzed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Differentially expressed proteins were identified and tested as candidates for regulation of the glucocorticoid receptor. An unexpected candidate, cofilin 1, inhibited receptor activity. Cofilin is known to promote actin depolymerization and filament severing. Several experiments suggest that this feature of cofilin is involved in its inhibitory action. Both its actin depolymerization activity and its inhibitory action on the receptor are dependent on its phosphorylation state. Treatment of cells with a cytoskeleton-disrupting agent decreased receptor activity, as did overexpression of actin, particularly a mutant actin that does not polymerize. In addition, overexpression of cofilin and actin as well as chemical cytoskeleton disruption changed the subcellular receptor distribution and upregulated c-Jun, which could constitute the inhibitory mechanism of cofilin. In summary, cofilin represents a novel factor that can cause glucocorticoid resistance.
Molecular and Cellular Biology 12/2004; 24(21):9371-82. · 5.37 Impact Factor