Yun Ling

China Pharmaceutical University, Nan-ching-hsü, Jiangxi Sheng, China

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Publications (15)44.73 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Cell adhesion plays an important role in the steps of cancer metastasis. Regulation of cell-cell (intercellular) and cell-matrix adhesion is a promising strategy for cancer progression. Gambogic acid is a xanthone derived from the resin of the Chinese plant Garciania hanburyi, with potent anti-metastasis activity on highly metastatic cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the function and mechanism of gambogic acid on tumor adhesion. We found that gambogic acid strongly inhibited the adhesion of human cancer cells to fibronectin. This inhibition was associated with the deformation of focal adhesion complex, which was mediated by suppressing the expression of integrin β1 and integrin signaling pathway. In vitro, cell lipid rafts clustering was inhibited following treatment of gambogic acid, which induced the suppression of integrin β1 and focal adhesion complex proteins colocalization within rafts. Moreover, gambogic acid significantly decreased cellular cholesterol content, whereas cholesterol replenishment lessened the inhibitory effect of gambogic acid on cell adhesion. Real-time PCR analysis showed that gambogic acid reduced mRNA levels of hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase and sterol regulatory element binding protein-2, while increased acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase-1/2. Taken together, these results demonstrate that gambogic acid inhibits cell adhesion via suppressing integrin β1 abundance and cholesterol content as well as the membrane lipid raft-associated integrin function, which provide new evidence for the anti-cancer activity of gambogic acid.
    Biochemical pharmacology 09/2011; 82(12):1873-83. · 4.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cancer cell invasion plays a crucial role in growth and local spreading of tumors. GL-V9 is a newly synthesized flavonoid that has been shown to possess an antitumor effect. However, the mechanism of GL-V9 in preventing tumor growth is still unclear. The purpose of this study is to investigate the anti-invasive and anti-metastatic activity of this novel compound in MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 human breast carcinoma cells. In this study, GL-V9 caused a concentration-dependent suppression of cell adhesive ability by cell adhesion assay, it also inhibited the migration and invasion of cells by wound healing assay and transwell invasion assay in a concentration-dependent manner. Considering matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play an important role in metastatic process, we used western blotting and gelatin zymography to examine the effect of GL-V9 on the expression and activity of MMPs. The mechanism revealed that GL-V9 significantly suppressed the expression and activity of MMP-2 and MMP-9. Furthermore, GL-V9 suppressed their upstream protein kinases activation by reducing phosphorylated forms of serine/threonine kinase AKT and c-Jun N-terminal kinase. These findings suggested that GL-V9 could inhibit the invasion of tumor cells by downregulating the expression and activity of MMP-2 and MMP-9, potentially associating with the suppression of phosphorylation of AKT and JNK.
    European journal of pharmaceutical sciences: official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences 06/2011; 43(5):393-9. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a key modulator of angiogenesis. Recent studies have shown that VEGF stimulates endothelial cell growth and modulates the cell cycle by reactivation of G0 cells and by reducing the duration of the G1 phase. This study examined the effect of baicalein, a well-known flavonoid, on VEGF-induced angiogenesis and further investigated the role of cell cycle regulators on the antiangiogenic effects of baicalein. Classic in vivo and in vitro models, including a rat aortic ring model, a wound healing model and a tube formation model were used to evaluate angiogenesis in vivo and in vitro. Baicalein exerted marked inhibition of angiogenesis, significantly inhibited migration of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), suppressed tube formation and reduced new blood vessel growth inducted by VEGF. Baicalein reduced phosphorylation of VEGF receptor 2 and extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase, two major signaling elements modulating endothelial cell proliferation. Baicalein also inhibited colony formation by HUVECs, further confirming the suppression of proliferation. Cell cycle analysis demonstrated that baicalein-treated HUVECs were arrested in the G1/S phase. Baicalein also induced a decline in the expression of G1-related proteins that normally promote transition from the G1 phase to the S phase, including cyclin D, cyclin E, cdk-4, cdk-6 and p-Rb. In contrast, several proteins upstream of cdks and cyclins, including p16, p21, p27 and p53, were up-regulated by baicalein, indicating that baicalein may inhibit angiogenesis, at least in part, by effects on the p53/Rb signaling pathway. Baicalein could exert antitumor effects by inhibiting VEGF-induced angiogenesis and endothelial cell proliferation.
    Experimental Biology and Medicine 06/2011; 236(7):851-8. · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Wogonin, a naturally occurring monoflavonoid extracted from Scutellariae radix, has been shown to possess tumor therapeutic potential in vitro and in vivo. However, the effects of wogonin on tumor cells invasion remains poorly understood. In this study, we performed in vitro experiments to investigate the anti-invasive and anti-metastatic activity of wogonin in MDA-MB-231 human breast carcinoma cells. Wogonin caused a concentration-dependent suppression of cell migration, adhesion and invasion. The mechanism revealed that wogonin significantly inhibited the expression and activity of both endogenous and phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA)-induced matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) potentially associating with the suppression of translocation of protein kinase C (PKC) δ and phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2). These results suggested that wogonin could inhibit the invasion of tumor cells by downregulating the expression and activity of MMP-9, the possible targets may be PKCδ and ERK1/2.
    Toxicology 02/2011; 282(3):122-8. · 4.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Angiogenesis is a pivotal step occurred both in inflammation and cancer development. In the recent years, relationships between inflammation and cancer have received more and more attention. Baicalein, which was isolated from Radix Scutellariae Georgi, has been widely used in inflammation and cancer therapy. Here, we focus on influence of baicalein on angiogenesis induced by inflammatory factor and its mechanism of action. In our present study, we assessed its potential as an anti-angiogenic agent in vivo employing chicken chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay and in vitro cell migration assay of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), tube formation assay and rat aortic ring assay which were induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Baicalein inhibited LPS-induced proliferation, migration and tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVECs) as well as microvessel sprouting from rat aortic rings in vitro and CAM in vivo. Moreover, western blot analysis showed that baicalein affected the level of cell membrane receptor toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) of HUVECs and resulted in a significant decrease in LPS-triggered TNF receptor associated factor 6 (TRAF6), and phosphorylated forms of extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK), AKT and p38. These results of our study provide evidences that baicalein possesses anti-angiogenic potential induced by LPS both in vitro and in vivo through TRAF6 mediated TLR4 pathway.
    Biomedicine & Preventive Nutrition. 01/2011; 1(3).
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    ABSTRACT: Baicalein is a widely used Chinese herbal medicine that has been used historically in anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer therapy. However, the molecular mechanism of its anti-cancer activity remains poorly understood and warrants further investigations. The purpose of this study is to verify the activity of baicalein to inhibit the invasion of MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells. The results indicated that baicalein suppressed MDA-MB-231 cell adhesion to fibronectin-coated substrate, wound healing migration and invasion through the Matrigel in a concentration-dependent manner. Western blot and gelatin zymography analysis showed that baicalein significantly inhibited the expression and secretion of matrix metalloproteinases 2/9 (MMP-2/9) in MDA-MB-231 cells. Additionally, treatment of MDA-MB-231 cells with baicalein down-regulated the expression of MMP-2/9 involved mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) signaling pathway. Taken together, baicalein had potential to suppress the adhesion, migration and invasion of MDA-MB-231 cancer cells in vitro and it could serve as a promising drug for the treatment of cancer metastasis.
    Cancer letters 11/2010; 297(1):42-8. · 5.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: LYG-202 (C25H30N2O5) is a newly synthesized flavonoid that has been confirmed to possess an antitumor effect, but the mechanism is unclear. Our present study was performed to identify the anti-angiogenic activity of this novel compound in vitro and in vivo. LYG-202 inhibited vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) stimulated migration and tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells and arrested microvessel outgrowth from rat aortic rings in vitro. Meanwhile, LYG-202 suppressed the neovascularization of Chicken Chorioallantoic Membrane in vivo. Mechanistic studies revealed that LYG-202 suppressed the VEGF-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of KDR/Flk-1 (VEGFR-2) as well as its downstream protein kinases activation, by decreasing phosphorylated forms of serine/threonine kinase Akt, extracellular signal-regulated kinase, and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase. LYG-202 exerts anti-angiogenic activity both in vitro and in vivo, and these results suggest that it deserves further investigation as a promising anti-tumor angiogenesis compound.
    Journal of Pharmacological Sciences 01/2010; 112(1):37-45. · 2.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we examined the antiangiogenic effect of oroxylin A in vitro and in vivo and explored the potential mechanisms for this effect. Transwell assay and tube formation assay were used to evaluate the effects of oroxylin A on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced migration and tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Rat aortic ring assay was also employed to assess the effect of oroxylin A on microvessel outgrowth from rat aorta. Human tumor xenografts model in nude mice was further used to investigate the antiangiogenic activity of oroxylin A in vivo. Western blot analysis was used to investigate the related mechanism. Oroxylin A remarkably suppressed the VEGF-stimulated migration and tube formation of HUVECs. It also inhibited microvessel sprouting from rat aortic ring in vitro. In addition, it suppressed the angiogenesis of xenograft tumor in nude mice, which concurred with the inhibition of tumor growth. Moreover, oroxylin A blocked VEGF-induced phosphorylation of KDR/Flk-1 and related downstream signaling molecules, including p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, extracellular signal-regulated kinase and Akt. Oroxylin A possessed antiangiogenic activities in vitro and in vivo, which could be an underlying mechanism of its anticancer effect.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 11/2009; 136(5):667-75. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Wogonoside, one flavonoid derived from the root of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, has been reported for its anti-inflammation activity; however, whether it can inhibit inflammation-induced angiogenesis is still unclear. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of wogonoside on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. Wogonoside suppressed the LPS-stimulated migration and tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), as well as microvessel sprouting from rat aortic rings in vitro. Moreover, wogonoside also inhibited LPS-stimulated vessel growth of Chicken chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) in vivo. The mechanism revealed that wogonoside inhibited LPS-induced toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) up-regulation and its downstream mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) activation, by decreasing the phosphorylation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase. The results suggest that wogonoside inhibits LPS-induced angiogenesis both in vitro and in vivo, and that it might have a therapeutic potential for the diseases associated with the development of both inflammation and angiogenesis progress.
    Toxicology 06/2009; 259(1-2):10-7. · 4.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endostar is a novel recombinant human endostatin expressed and purified in Escherichia coli with the N-terminal modified. It has been shown that endostar inhibited the proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) through the membrane surface receptor KDR/flt-1(VEGFR-2, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2) by exerting anti-angiogenesis effects. But the molecular mechanism remained unclear. The apoptotic effects induced by endostar in the serum-deprived situation were investigated by 4'-6-diaminidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) staining and the Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) binding assay. The mechanism of action was explored by Western blotting assay. Endostar induced remarkable apoptosis in HUVECs. The expressions of apoptosis-related proteins showed that caspase-3 was activated, but caspase-8, a marker of the non-mitochondria-mediated apoptosis signal pathway, was not. Further investigation revealed that cellular Bcl-2 decreased in the endostar-treated groups, while the level of Bax was almost unchanged. Endostar induces apoptotic effects in HUVECs through the activation of caspase-3 and a decrease of the Bcl-2 to Bax ratio.
    Anticancer research 02/2009; 29(1):411-7. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our previous study revealed that oroxylin A, a naturally occurring monoflavonoid isolated from Scutellariae radix, could inhibit the proliferation of human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells through inducing the apoptosis in these cells. However, the molecular mechanism of its anticancer activity remains poorly understood and warrants further investigations. In this study, we examined the anti-invasive activities of oroxylin A in vitro. The results showed that oroxylin A suppressed MDA-MB-435 cell adhesion to the fibronectin-coated substrate in a concentration-dependent manner. It inhibited the wound healing migration of MDA-MB-435 cells and invasion of MDA-MB-435 cells through reconstituted extracellular matrix (matrigel). Zymography revealed that oroxylin A decreased the secretion of matrix metalloproteinases-2 (MMP-2) and metalloproteinases-9 (MMP-9). Oroxylin A also inhibited the expressions of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in MDA-MB-435 cells. Additionally, oroxylin A exerted an inhibitory effect on the phosphorylation of extracellular regulated proteinkinases1/2 (ERK1/2). Collectively, these data provided a molecular basis for the antiinvasive effects of oroxylin A. Taken together, these findings strongly suggest that oroxylin A had potential anti-metastatic effect in vitro and shed light on the investigation of oroxylin A on breast cancer metastasis in vivo.
    European journal of pharmacology 01/2009; 603(1-3):22-8. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endostar, a novel recombinant human endostatin expressed and purified in Escherichia coli with an additional nine-amino acid sequence forming another his-tag structure, was approved by the State Food and Drug Administration of China (SFDA) in 2005 for the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer. However, the molecular mechanism of its potent anticancer activity remains poorly understood and warrants further investigations. In this study, we examined the anti-invasive activities of endostar in vitro. The results showed that endostar suppressed MDA-MB-435 cell adhesion to the fibronectin-coated substrate in a concentration-dependent manner. It could inhibit the wound healing migration of MDA-MB-435 cells and invasion of MDA-MB-435 cells through reconstituted ECM (matrigel). Zymography revealed that endostar decreased the secretion of MMP-2 and MMP-9. Endostar could also inhibit the expressions of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in MDA-MB-435 cells. Additionally, endostar exerted an inhibitory effect on the phosphorylation of ERK1/2. Collectively, these data provided a molecular basis for the anti-invasive effects of endostar.
    Experimental Biology and Medicine 06/2008; 233(8):1013-20. · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies revealed that wogonin, a naturally occurring monoflavonoid extracted from Scutellariae radix, possessed anticancer activity both in vitro and in vivo. However, the molecular mechanism of its potent anticancer activity remains poorly understood and warrants further investigations. In this study, we found for the first time that wogonin inhibited the growth and tumor angiogenesis of human gastric carcinoma in nude mice. We explored the inhibitory effect of wogonin on angiogenesis stimulated by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in vitro. Wogonin suppressed the VEGF-stimulated migration and tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). It also restrained VEGF-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2). This inhibition of receptor phosphorylation was correlated with a significant decrease in VEGF-triggered phosphorylated forms of ERK, AKT and p38. Taken together, these findings strongly suggest that wogonin might be a promising antitumor drug.
    Life Sciences 05/2008; 82(17-18):956-63. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies revealed that gambogic acid (GA), the major active ingredient of gamboge, a brownish to orange resin exuded from Garcinia hanburryi tree in Southeast Asia, possessed significant anticancer activity both in vitro and in vivo. In this study, we explored the high antiangiogenic activities of GA for the first time. GA inhibits the VEGF-stimulated proliferation, migration and tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) as well as microvessel sprouting from rat aortic rings in vitro. Moreover, GA inhibits vessel growth in matrigel plugs and CAM in vivo and transplanted tumor in mice. The results also indicated that GA decreases VEGF production of cultured tumor cells and inhibits VEGF-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of KDR/Flk-1. This inhibition of receptor phosphorylation is correlated with a significant decrease in VEGF-triggered phosphorylated forms of ERK, AKT and p38. Taken together, these findings strongly suggest that GA might be a structurally novel angiogenesis inhibitor.
    Cancer Letters 01/2008; 258(1):80-9. · 5.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endostar, a novel recombinant human endostatin expressed and purified in Escherichia coli with an additional nine-amino acid sequence and forming another his-tag structure, was approved by the SFDA in 2005 for the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer. But its mechanism of action has not been illustrated before. In this study, we examined the antiangiogenic activities of endostar in vitro and in vivo. The results showed that endostar suppressed the VEGF-stimulated proliferation, migration, and tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro. Endostar blocked microvessel sprouting from rat aortic rings in vitro. Moreover, it could inhibit the formation of new capillaries from pre-existing vessels in the chicken chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay and affect the growth of vessels in tumor. We further found the antiangiogenic effects of endostar were correlated with the VEGF-triggered signaling. Endostar suppressed the VEGF-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of KDR/Flk-1(VEGFR-2) as well as the overall VEGFR-2 expression and the activation of ERK, p38 MAPK, and AKT in HUVECs. Collectively, these data indicated the relationship between endostar and VEGF signal pathways and provided a molecular basis for the antiangiogenic effects of endostar.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 10/2007; 361(1):79-84. · 2.28 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

289 Citations
44.73 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007–2011
    • China Pharmaceutical University
      • • Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Intervention
      • • Department of Physiology
      Nan-ching-hsü, Jiangxi Sheng, China