R Głośnicka

University of Gdansk, Gdańsk, Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland

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Publications (15)18.45 Total impact

  • Bozena Dera-Tomaszewska, Renata Głośnicka
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    ABSTRACT: The patients' sera had been referred to the National Salmonella Centre for routine Widal serology. Sera were predominately from patients suspected of having been infected with Salmonella Typhi, but also included one serum from patient with typhoid fever who was culture positive for Salmonella Typhi. The immunoblotting procedure using Salmonella Typhi somatic (O=9,12 LPS) and flagellar (H=d) antigens was used for preliminary testing of selected patients sera previously evaluated by Widal agglutination assay as containing different levels of antibodies against O and/or H antigens of Salmonella Typhi. Following Chart et al., immunoblotting reactions were graded between 0 and 3, with 0 indicating an absence of antibody binding, and 3 where antibody binding was readily observed. Sera giving reaction of 2 or 3 were considered to be antibody positive for this study. Positive immunoblotting reaction to O=9,12 LPS antigen was obtained only with the serum of patient with typhoid fever. Presence of specific anti-LPS antibodies was also observed in two other patients' sera diluted 1:50, and in case of one of them also in dilution 1:200, but intensity of antigen-antibody reaction was under positive result criterion. The most other sera positive to O=9,12 antigen in law dilutions (1:50, 1:100) by Widal assay, showed the traces of non-specific reaction by immunoblotting. Presence of positive antigen-antibody reaction was indicated for five sera in dilution 1:50 when tested with the >55 kDa H=d flagellar protein subunit, including the serum of patient with typhoid fever. Only in this serum the high level of specific antibodies was detected also in dilution 1:200, what was not observed in case of the other four, which appeared negative. All the other sera were shown not to contain antibodies to flagella antigen. Although the presented results are preliminary and additional study of more sera of people infected with Salmonella Typhi is needed, it can be concluded after Chart et al., that an immunoblotting procedure incorporating O=9,12 LPS and flagellar H=d antigens is a useful method for providing serological evidence of infection with Salmonella Typhi. In our opinion it can serve as a rapid test for the diagnosis of typhoid fever.
    Medycyna doświadczalna i mikrobiologia 02/2007; 59(3):241-50.
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    ABSTRACT: Lipopolysaccharide of Salmonella Agona smooth-type cells was obtained from bacteria by a hot phenol-water extraction procedure. Mild acid hydrolysis of lipopolysaccharide, followed by gel filtration, yielded the pure O-polysaccharide. Abequose, rhamnose, mannose, galactose and glucose in the molar ratio 0.8 : 1.0 : 1.0 : 1.1 : 0.5 were detected, and their linkages were established. Sugar configurations were determined by gas chromatography. Two repeating units, namely -->2)-[alpha-Abep-(1-->3)-]-alpha-d-Manp-(1-->4)-alpha-l-Rhap-(1-->3)-alpha-d-Galp-(1-->and -->2)-[alpha-Abep-(1-->3)-]-alpha-d-Manp-(1-->4)-alpha-l-Rhap-(1-->3)-[alpha-d-Glcp-(1-->4)-]-alpha-d-Galp-(1-->, were deduced from nuclear magnetic resonance studies. The effort to separate them was unsuccessful. An immunochemical test performed by means of Western blotting with anti O12 serum demonstrated that glucose was present in the longer lipopolysaccharide chains, at some distance from the core region.
    FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology 11/2006; 48(2):223-36. · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lipopolysaccharide of Salmonella haarlem was hydrolyzed and the products separated. Native O-polysaccharide antigen was oxidised with sodium periodate followed by reduction with sodium borohydride. Native and chemically modified antigens were the subject of immunochemical studies. Monoclonal antibodies against S. haarlem and polyclonal rabbit antisera against S. haarlem, S. typhi and S. anatum bacteria were produced. The serological relationship between the lipopolysaccharide of Salmonella bacteria belonging to the two different groups D2 and E1 was demonstrated using haemagglutination reactions, inhibition of haemagglutination and immunoblotting. Cross-reactions were observed in haemagglutination reactions and in immunoblotting between antisera to S. haarlem, S. typhi and S. anatum. Factors 3,9,46 were found in the S. haarlem strain and the sugar composition for the epitopes of each factor was determined.
    FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology 01/2006; 21(4):253 - 259. · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Heat shock protein (Hsp) 60 of Salmonella appears to be involved in pathogenesis of infectious processes and host immune responses. Eggs of laying hens from two Salmonella Enteritidis naturally infected flocks (I--acute outbreak of infection; II--occasional bacteria excretion) and one control flock (III) were tested for the presence of yolk antibodies (IgY) against Hsp60 by applying enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The levels of specific immunoglobulins were related to those against lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and flagellin. the antigens of the established immunological importance in S. Enteritidis infections. Within flock III, the antibody concentrations were consistently low. Elevated levels were detected in eggs from two infected flocks. Levels of specific IgY measured for flock I were higher than those in flock II; the greatest difference was observed for anti-Hsp60. This report indicates a probable important role of Hsp60 as a target of the hens' immune response, especially during the acute phase of S. Enteritidis infection.
    Comparative Immunology Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 02/2003; 26(1):37-45. · 1.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Escherichia coli DnaJ (Hsp40) is suspected to participate in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) pathogenesis in humans by an autoimmune process. In this work a set of 6 anti-DnaJ monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) was raised and localization of the epitopes recognized by the mAbs was investigated. Western blotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) experiments showed that the mAbs efficiently bound only native antigen. Using DnaJ mutant proteins with deletions of specified domains and ELISA, we found that AC11 mAb reacted with the best conserved in evolution N-terminal J domain, whereas BB3, EE11, CC5, CC8, and DC7 bound to the C-terminal part after residue 200. Mapping performed with the use of a random peptide library displayed by filamentous phage indicated that (1) AC11 mAb bound to a region between residues 33-48, including D-34 which belongs to the HPD triad, present in all DnaJ homologues, (2) BB3 recognized residues localized in the 204-224 region, (3) EE11 recognized the 291-309 region, (4) CC5--the region 326-359, and (5) CC8--the 346-366 region. All these mAbs, as well as the polyclonal antibodies against the N- or C-terminal domain, bound efficiently to HDJ-1, human Hsp40. These results show the presence of a significant immunological similarity between bacterial DnaJ and human HDJ-1, which is not restricted to the evolutionarily conserved parts of the proteins, and suggest that HDJ-1 could be a possible target of immune response triggered by DnaJ.
    Cell Stress and Chaperones 02/2003; 8(1):8-17. · 2.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Salmonella haarlem was hydrolyzed and the products separated. The structure of the O-specific polysaccharide (OPS) was found from sugar and methylation analyses. Rhamnose, mannose, galactose and tyvelose were detected and their linkage modes were established. The structure was confirmed by 1H, homonuclear and heteronuclear correlations and 13C NMR spectra. Anomeric configurations were assigned by chromium trioxide oxidation and proton coupled 13C spectra. Sugar sequence was established from specific carbon shift data and nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy. The repeating unit structure of S. haarlem OPS as --> 3)-alpha-D-Galp-(1 --> 6)-[alpha-Tyvp-(1 --> 3)]-beta-D-Manp-(1 --> 4)-alpha-L-Rhap was estimated. No structural heterogeneity of the antigen was found.
    FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology 09/1998; 21(4):243-52. · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lipopolysaccharide of Salmonella haarlem was hydrolyzed and the products separated. Native O-polysaccharide antigen was oxidised with sodium periodate followed by reduction with sodium borohydride. Native and chemically modified antigens were the subject of immunochemical studies. Monoclonal antibodies against S. haarlem and polyclonal rabbit antisera against S. haarlem, S. typhi and S. anatum bacteria were produced. The serological relationship between the lipopolysaccharide of Salmonella bacteria belonging to the two different groups D2 and E1 was demonstrated using haemagglutination reactions, inhibition of haemagglutination and immunoblotting. Cross-reactions were observed in haemagglutination reactions and in immunoblotting between antisera to S. haarlem, S. typhi and S. anatum. Factors 3,9,46 were found in the S. haarlem strain and the sugar composition for the epitopes of each factor was determined.
    FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology 09/1998; 21(4):253-9. · 2.68 Impact Factor
  • R Głośnicka, D Kunikowska
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    ABSTRACT: The epidemiological situation connected with S. enteritidis in Poland, in the years 1961-1991, is described. During this period there were two increases in infections and food poisonings, which were of an epidemiological character. The first epidemic, in 1962-1976, affected primarily small children and spread by contact in a hospital environment. It caused serious diseases, or dangerous complications in already existing illnesses, with high mortality. A few foci of later food poisonings were caused by infected meat or meat by-products. The second epidemic, which began in 1980 or 1981 and still exists, has already affected about 500,000 persons. It has often concerned cases of sporadic infections, mainly in the case of small children, but it has not been of a hospital epidemic character. It has been far more frequently associated with food poisoning outbreaks caused by contaminated ice-cream, cream cakes, eggs, mayonnaise and, less frequently, by meat and meat by-products. Attention is drawn to the large number of humans transmitting S. enteritidis infections in Poland.
    International Journal of Food Microbiology 02/1994; 21(1-2):21-30. · 3.43 Impact Factor
  • D Pieńkowska, D Kunikowska, R Głośnicka
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    ABSTRACT: As a result of fusion of in vitro immunized mouse splenocytes and myeloma Sp2/0 cells, stable hybridomas secreting monoclonal antibodies against Vi antigen were obtained. The monoclonal antibodies were of IgM class. Reactivity of monoclonal antibodies to Vi antigen of different origin was tested. The reactivity was found to be independent of O-acetylation degree of Vi antigen.
    Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia 01/1993; 44-45(1-4):89-93.
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    ABSTRACT: The occurrence of S. enteritidis phage types in Poland during the years 1981-1990 was examined. The strains were isolated from man, animals, and from food-stuffs. The majority of strains belongs to the phage types 7 and 1. The comparison with the phage-types isolated in 1970-1975 in Poland is done. The stability of the phage types in reported outbreaks is considered.
    Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia 02/1990; 41(1-4):145-8.
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    ABSTRACT: In this study 184 lactose-fermenting Salmonella strains, collected in the National Salmonella Centre from the northern and central parts of Ponad were examined. Epidemiological, serological and biochemical investigations were carried out. Apart from this, chemotherapeutic resistance and male-phage sensitivity were determined. Most of strains belonged to S. agona serotype (S. typhimurium and S. oranienburg were also presented) which apart from the lactose-fermenting ability retained all the remaining biochemical features typical of Salmonella bacilli, were male-phage M13 resistant and showed a high resistance to a wide spectrum of chemotherapeutics. In order to establish the way of the acquiring lac+ property by Salmonella bacilli P22 phage transduction and conjugation experiments, with E. coli F'lac and Hfr H as donors, were performed. S. agona lac- strains were shown to acquire the lactose-fermenting ability by mating with E. coli.
    Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia 02/1987; 38(1-2):69-75.
  • R Głośnicka, H Dziadziuszko
    Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia 02/1986; 37(3-4):295-302.
  • D Kunikowska, R Głośnicka
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    ABSTRACT: The activity of the Yersinia pestis phage on the plague envelope antigen has been described. The purified envelope antigen was shown to possess the receptor properties. The phage caused changes of viscosity and hemagglutination properties of the antigen. The phage-treated antigen showed the additional precipitation arc in the immunoelectrophoretic investigations. The adsorption of the Yersinia pestis phage on the sheep and human erythrocytes was examined. The human red cells of group B exhibited the highest receptor properties for the Yersinia pestis phage.
    Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia 02/1985; 36(1-4):103-15.
  • Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia 02/1983; 34(1-2):89-93.
  • E Gruszkiewicz, R Głośnicka, D Kunikowska
    Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia 02/1980; 31(1-2):97-102.

Publication Stats

27 Citations
18.45 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006
    • University of Gdansk
      • Faculty of Chemistry
      Gdańsk, Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland
    • Medical University of Gdansk
      Danzig, Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland
  • 1990–2006
    • Maritime Hospital Gdynia
      Gotenhafen, Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland
  • 1986–1987
    • Gdynia Maritime University
      • Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia
      Gdynia, Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland