Masahiko Abe

National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki-ken, Japan

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Publications (396)736.76 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The temperature-concentration phase behavior of nonionic surfactants in an aprotic imidazolium-type room-temperature ionic liquid (RT-IL) was evaluated on the basis of a combination of visual appearance, polarized optical microscopy, and small angle X-ray scattering data. Phytosterol ethoxylates (BPS-n, where n denotes oxyethylene chain lengths of 5, 10, 20, and 30) were used as surfactants in the RT-IL, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate (BmimPF₆). The two component mixtures yielded various phases such as discontinuous cubic, hexagonal, and lamellar phases. An increased tendency toward formation of lesser-curved molecular assemblies was observed at higher BPS-n concentrations, at lower temperatures, and for shorter oxyethylene chain surfactants. These trends are similar to those observed in aqueous BPS-n systems; however, notable differences in the phase states of the aqueous system versus the BmimPF₆ system were evident. Comparison with the water system showed that the BmimPF₆ system yielded fewer phases and generally required higher BPS-n concentrations to induce phase transitions. Evaluation of the effects of addition of a third component (e.g., 1-dodecanol and dodecane) to the binary system on the phase behavior showed that at a given composition ratio of BPS-20 to BmimPF₆, the addition of 1-dodecanol generally results in the phase transition to lesser-curved assemblies whereas dodecane generated no significant effects. The observed phase change is satisfactorily rationalized by localized solubilization of the third component into the binary surfactant assemblies.
    Journal of oleo science 01/2012; 61(3):135-41. · 1.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Glyceric acid (GA) is one of the most promising functional hydroxyl acids, and it is abundantly obtained from glycerol by a bioprocess using acetic acid bacteria. In this study, several monoacyl GAs were synthesized by esterification of GA and saturated fatty acyl chlorides (C12, C14, C16, and C18), forming a new class of bio-based surfactants. By the present method, a mixture of two isomers, namely 2-O-acyl and 3-O-acyl GAs, was produced, in which the 2-O-acyl derivatives were obtained as a major product. These isomers were isolated, and their surface-active properties were investigated for the first time. The surface tensions of 2-O-acyl GAs with different chain lengths were determined by the Wilhelmy method. At concentrations below 10(-4) M, the 2-O-acyl GAs exhibited higher surface-active properties compared to commercially available synthetic surfactants. For example, 2-O-lauroyl GA reduced the surface tension of water to around 25 mN/m above the critical micelle concentration (3.0×10(-4) M). In addition, 2-O-acyl derivatives showed higher surface-tension-lowering activity than 3-O-acyl GAs. The monoacyl GAs synthesized herein can potentially be used as "green surfactants."
    Journal of oleo science 01/2012; 61(6):343-8. · 1.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Photoresponsive fibers based on poly(acrylamide) (PAA) with methylene blue (MB) dye were prepared. All semicircular fibers show bending towards the direction of the flat surface of the fiber when illuminated. The fibers recover their initial shape when the illumination stops. The fiber is heated upon illumination and cooled to room temperature once the illumination is stopped. The fiber also is sensitive to humidity, showing bending behavior towards the direction of the flat surface of the fiber upon changing the humidity. The mechanical energy of the PAA/MB fiber is approximately 0.6 mN for the bending direction when it is illuminated. A possible mechanism for the bending behavior is as follow: (1) the fiber is heated upon illumination because of the photothermal effect, (2) the fiber loses water molecules, (3) the fiber shrinks; bending towards the direction of the flat surface of the fiber occurs because of a difference in the shrinkage for the flat surface and the other side of the fiber. Finally, we demonstrated that a PP ball (1.5 mg) can be moved by the mechanical energy produced by the changing shape of the fiber upon illumination.
    International Journal of Photoenergy 01/2012; 2012. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A toluene-polyethylene (PE) mixture, only partially miscible at room temperature (RT), was ultrasonically dispersed in hot water, followed by immediate cooling to give a highly stable surfactant-free oil-in-water (O/W) emulsion. This temperature effect was correlated with physical gelation of the bulk mixture. Prolonged stabilization was achieved only through dispersion at a temperature (T(d)) above the gelation temperature (T(gel)) of the toluene-low-density PE (LDPE) mixture and subsequent rapid cooling. These stabilized emulsions exhibited characteristics such as a small droplet size with a narrow size distribution, low ζ-potential, and round-shaped droplets, which were not observed for the emulsions prepared at T(d) < T(gel) or those at T(d) > T(gel) that had been subjected to slow cooling. From these results, physical gelation through crystallization and modification of the droplet surface by PE were concluded to be essential for the prolonged stability of a surfactant-free toluene emulsion.
    Journal of oleo science 01/2012; 61(2):57-63. · 1.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mannosylerythritol lipids (MELs) are secreted by yeasts and are promising glycolipid biosurfactants. In our study on the non-aqueous phase behaviors of MEL homologues, we found that MEL-D (4-O-[2',3'-di-O-alka(e)noyl-β-D-mannopyranosyl]-(2R,3S)-erythritol) forms aggregates in decane. The microscopic observation and the X-ray scattering measurement of these aggregates revealed that they are reverse vesicles that consist of bilayers whose hydrophilic domains are located in the interior of the bilayers. In addition, MEL-D formed reverse vesicles without co-surfactants and co-solvents in various oily solutions, such as n-alkanes, cyclohexane, squalane, squalene, and silicone oils at a concentration below 10 mM. This is the first report on the reverse vesicle formation from biosurfactants.
    Journal of oleo science 01/2012; 61(5):285-9. · 1.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Discreetness of a cell is the key to life, with the cell membrane separating the interior cytosol from its environment. In this regard, cytosol is never connected to the external media even during the course of cell fission or fusion. However, watersoluble peptides called protein transduction domain (PTD) can spontaneously translocate through the cell membranes without any particular transporter or receptor. Here, we propose that the translocation of PTD can be described based on a local and temporal dynamic topological transformation of the membrane structure to mesh phase.
    Chemistry Letters 01/2012; 41:1078. · 1.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This article examines the generation of hot-spots and their impact in the heterogeneous Suzuki–Miyaura coupling reaction for the synthesis of 4-methylbiphenyl in toluene solvent in the presence of Pd/AC. Hot-spots easily formed on the surface of the activated carbon (AC) catalyst support under high electric field conditions; they were recorded in real time using a high-speed camera. Chemical yields of 4-methylbiphenyl under the microwaves’ magnetic field (H-field) were 2-fold greater than those under electric field (E-field) conditions at identical temperatures and reaction times (120 min). Microwave E-field irradiation with a high accuracy device enhanced generation of hot-spots. Excessive formation of hot-spots impacted negatively on this coupling reaction.
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    ABSTRACT: In this article, we provide direct evidence for 1-D micellar growth and the formation of a network structure in an aqueous system of poly(oxyethylene) cholesteryl ether (ChEO(20)) and lauryl diethanolamide (L-02) by rheometry, small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), and cryo-transmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM). The ChEO(20) self-assembles into spheroid micelles above the critical micelle concentration and undergoes a 1-D microstructural transition upon the incorporation of L-02, which because of its lipophilic nature tends to be solubilized into the micellar palisade layer and reduces the micellar curvature. The elongated micelles entangle with each other, forming network structures of wormlike micelles, and the system shows viscoelastic properties, which could be described by the Maxwell model. A peak observed in the zero-shear viscosity (η(0)) versus L-02 concentration curve shifted toward higher L-02 concentrations and the value of maximum viscosity (η(0 max)) increased with the increasing ChEO(20) mixing fraction with water. We observed that η(0 max) increased by 2 to 4 orders of magnitude as a function of the ChEO(20) concentration. The Maxwell relaxation time (τ(R)) shows a maximum value at a concentration corresponding to η(0 max) (i.e., τ(R) increases with L-02 concentration and then decreases after attaining a maximum value, whereas the plateau modulus (G(0)) shows monotonous growth). These observations demonstrate microstructural transitions in two different modes: L-02 first induces 1-D micellar growth and as a result the viscosity increases, and finally after the system attains its maximum viscosity, L-02 causes branching in the network structures. The microstructure transitions are confirmed by SAXS and cryo-TEM techniques.
    Langmuir 09/2011; 27(21):12877-83. · 4.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have investigated the microstructural transformations of nonionic surfactant reverse micelles induced by surfactant molecular architecture, surfactant concentration, and temperature in nonaqueous media. The investigations were based on small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and rheometry techniques. Polyglycerol polyoleic acid esters spontaneously self-assembled into reverse micelle in n-decane under ambient conditions, whose shape, size, and internal structure could be controlled by the surfactant molecular architecture, concentration, and temperature. The maximum size of the micelles was found to increase with an increase in the hydrophilic headgroup size of the surfactant. On the other hand, an opposite trend was observed with an increase in the number of oleate chain per surfactant molecules, which was well supported by rheology data; viscosity decreased with the number of oleate chain per surfactant molecule. The SAXS and rheology data have shown a clear evidence of one dimensional micellar growth with increase in the surfactant concentration. The relative viscosity, eta(r), of the reverse micelle exhibited steeper concentration dependence behavior than those predicted for a dispersion of spherical particles based on the Krieger-Dougherty relation which provided a clear evidence of the presence of elongated micelles at higher concentration. An ellipsoidal prolate-to-sphere type transition was observed upon heating.
    Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 09/2011; 11(9):7665-75. · 1.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cryptococcus humicola JCM 1461 efficiently produced cellobiose lipids (CLs), bolaform biosurfactants. The main product was identified as 16-O-(2″,3″,4″,6'-tetra-O-acetyl-β-cellobiosyl)-2-hydroxyhexadecanoic acid. The production yield of CLs reached 13.1 g/L under the intermittent feeding of glucose. The critical micelle concentrations (CMC) of the main product at pH 4.0 and 7.0 were 3.3×10(-5) M and 4.1×10(-4) M respectively.
    Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 08/2011; 75(8):1597-9. · 1.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We examined the phase-separated structures of the mixed Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) films of C(k)H(2k+1)COOH (HkA: k=17, 21) and C(m)F(2m+1)C(10)H(20)COOH (FmH10A: m=6, 8) fabricated isothermally or after isobaric thermal treatments. Under isothermal fabrication conditions, disks and wire-type domains formed in the H17A/F6H10A LB films at high and low fabrication temperatures, respectively, because the line tension and dipole-dipole interaction were comparable with each other. The thermodynamically stable phases of H21A/F6H10A LB films at high and low fabrication temperatures were disks and polygonal domains, respectively. Isobaric thermal treatments of the Langmuir films affected the domain size and not the domain shape when the transfer temperature was the same. Isobaric thermal treatments were effective in controlling the domain size. The thermodynamically stable phases of both H17A/F8H10A LB films and H21A/F8H10A LB films were nanowires in the range of the fabrication temperatures studied. Isobaric thermal treatments of the Langmuir films did not affect the domain shape significantly and affected the domain size in both the LB films studied. The change in the value m of FmH10A was more effective in controlling the phase-separated structures of the mixed LB films than the value of k of HkA.
    Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 07/2011; 363(1):379-85. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mannosylerythritol lipids (MELs) are glycolipid biosurfactants excreted by fungal strains. They show not only excellent surface-active properties but also versatile biochemical actions. Ustilago scitaminea NBRC 32730 has been reported mainly to produce a mono-acetylated and di-acylated MEL, MEL-B, from sucrose as sole carbon source. In order to make biosurfactant production more efficient, we focused our attention on the use of sugarcane juice, one of the most economical resources. The fungal strain produced MEL-B at the yield of 12.7 g/L from only sugarcane juice containing 22.4% w/w sugars. Supplementation with organic (yeast extract, peptone, and urea) and inorganic (sodium nitrate and ammonium nitrate) nitrogen sources markedly enhanced the production yield. Of the nitrogen sources, urea gave the best yield. Under optimum conditions, the strain produced 25.1 g/L of MEL-B from the juice (19.3% sugars) supplemented with 1 g/L of urea in a jar fermenter at 25 °C over 7 d. The critical micelle concentration (CMC) and the surface-tension at the CMC for the present MEL-B were 3.7×10(-6) M and 25.2 mN/m respectively. On water-penetration scan, the biosurfactant efficiently formed the lamella phase (L(α)) and myelins over a wide range of concentrations, indicating excellent surface-active and self-assembling properties. More significantly, the biosurfactant showed a ceramide-like skin-care property in a three-dimensional cultured human skin model. Thus, sugarcane juice is likely to be effective in glycolipid production by U. scitaminea NBRC 32730, and should facilitate the application of MELs.
    Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 07/2011; 75(7):1371-6. · 1.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Surface adsorption and aggregation behavior of polyoxyethylene (POE)-type nonionic surfactants in a room temperature ionic liquid, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate (bmimPF(6)), were investigated by means of surface tension, (1)H NMR, and dynamic light-scattering (DLS) measurements. The maximum surface excess in bmimPF(6) is much lesser than those observed for aqueous solution, reflecting a much weaker solvophobicity exhibited by the surfactant hydrocarbon chain in the ionic liquid compared with the hydrophobicity experienced in water. Compared with another ionic liquid with different anion species, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium terafluoroborate (bmimBF(4)), the surfactant solution in bmimPF(6) brings about higher critical micelle concentration (cmc), smaller micellar aggregation number, and weaker dependence of cmc on the surfactant hydrocarbon chain length. This indicates that the solvophobic interaction between surfactant hydrocarbon chains acts more weakly in bmimPF(6) than in bmimBF(4). The weaker solvophobic effect in bmimPF(6) is also appreciable in the thermodynamic parameters for micelle formation derived from temperature dependence of cmc, and would be attributed to weaker attractive interaction between bmim cation and PF(6)(-) ion compared with that between bmim cation and BF(4)(-) ion. Present results give an insight into a better understanding of the importance of anion species for the properties of ionic liquids as a solvent to support a self-assembly of amphiphilic molecules.
    Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 06/2011; 358(2):527-33. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A novel mercury-free Dewar-like (double-walled structure) microwave discharge thermally-insulated electrodeless lamp (MDTIEL) was fabricated and its performance evaluated using the photo-isomerization of trans-urocanic acid (trans-UA) in aqueous media as a test process driven by the emitted UV light when ignited with microwave radiation. The photo-isomerization processes trans-UA → cis-UA and cis-UA → trans-UA were re-visited using light emitted from a conventional high-pressure Hg light source and examined for the influence of UV light irradiance and solution temperature; the temperature dependence of the trans → cis process displayed a negative activation energy, E(a) = -1.3 cal mol(-1). To control the photo-isomerization of urocanic acid from the heat usually dissipated by a microwave discharge electrodeless lamp (single-walled MDEL), it was necessary to suppress the microwave-initiated heat. For comparison, the gas-fill in the MDEL lamp, which typically consists of a mixture of Hg and Ar, was changed to the more eco-friendly N(2) gas in the novel MDTIEL device. The dynamics of the photo-isomerization of urocanic acid driven by the UV wavelengths of the N(2)-MDTIEL light source were compared to those from the more conventional single-walled N(2)-MDEL and Hg/Ar-MDEL light sources, and with those from the Hg lamp used to irradiate, via a fiber optic, the photoreactor located in the wave-guide of the microwave apparatus. The heating efficiency of a solution with the double-walled N(2)-MDTIEL was compared to the efficiency from the single-walled N(2)-MDEL device. Advantages of N(2)-MDTIEL are described from a comparison of the dynamics of the trans-UA → cis-UA process on the basis of unit surface area of the lamp and unit power consumption. The considerably lower temperature on the external surface of the N(2)-MDTIEL light source should make it attractive in carrying out photochemical reactions that may be heat-sensitive such as the photothermochromic urocanic acid system.
    Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences 04/2011; 10(7):1239-48. · 2.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The adsorption of a nonionic surfactant at a silica/room-temperature ionic liquid interface has been characterized on the basis of analytical data obtained through a combination of surface force measurements, in situ soft-contact atomic force microscope (AFM) images, and quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) data. The surfactant employed in this study is a kind of phytosterol ethoxylate (BPS-20), and the ionic liquid selected here is aprotic 1-ethyl-3-methyl-imidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (EmimTFSI). This ionic liquid spontaneously forms solvation layers on silica, being composed of an Emim(+) cation layer and EmimTFSI ion pair layers. The addition of BPS-20 disrupts these solvation layers and suggests a surfactant layer adsorbed at the interface. This is the first report demonstrating the adsorption of nonionic surfactants at the solid/aprotic ionic liquid interface.
    Langmuir 03/2011; 27(7):3244-8. · 4.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Polyoxyethylene cholesteryl ether (ChEO(20)) nonionic surfactant self-assembles into spherical micelles above the critical micelle concentration in water. An ordering of micelles takes place with an increase in surfactant concentration and forms a micellar cubic phase with the space group Pm3n at ∼30%. Cocamid methyl MEA (designated as C-11S) cosurfactant is soluble at the palisade layer of the ChEO(20) micelle as a result; the curvature of the aggregates tends to decrease and favors sphere-to-rod transition. The axial length of the rod increases with C-11S concentration, and after a certain concentration, elongated micelles entangle with each other, forming a transient network of wormlike micelles. Viscosity increases by 5 orders of magnitude. The zero-shear viscosity (η(0)) versus C-11S concentration curve shows a peak, and the position of the peak shifts toward the right (at higher concentration of C-11S) when the concentration of ChEO(20) in water is increased from 10 to 15%. On the other hand, the peak position shifts toward the left with a decrease in the ethylene oxide (EO) chain of the surfactant, i.e., in the ChEO(15) system. Viscosity increases only slightly with a longer EO chain ChEO(30) system, and it does not show any viscoelastic properties. These wormlike micelles exhibited viscoelastic behavior and could be described by the Maxwell mechanical model with a single stress relaxation mode that is sensitive to temperature. Viscosity and relaxation time were first increased and then decreased, but the plateau modulus increased continuously upon heating. These observations revealed that micelles first grew with temperature and then branched. Dynamic rheology and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) further support the rheology data.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 03/2011; 115(12):2937-46. · 3.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bioactive compounds [ferulic acid (F), gamma-oryzanol (O) and phytic acid (P)] in rice bran have been widely used as antioxidants in skin care products. However, one of the major problems of antioxidants is the deterioration of their activities during long exposure to air and light. Niosomes have been used to entrap many degradable active agents not only for stability improvement, but also for increasing skin hydration. The objective of this study was to determine antioxidant activities [by in vitro ORAC (oxygen radical absorbance capacity) and ex vivo lipid peroxidation inhibition assay] and in vivo human skin hydration effects of gel and cream containing the rice bran extracts entrapped in niosomes. Gel and cream containing the rice bran extracts entrapped in niosomes showed higher antioxidant activity (ORAC value) at 20-28 micromol of Trolox equivalents (TE) per gram of the sample than the placebo gel and cream which gave 16-18 micromolTE/g. Human sebum treated with these formulations showed more lipid peroxidation inhibition activity than with no treatment of about 1.5 times. The three different independent techniques including corneometer, vapometer and confocal Raman microspectroscopy (CRM) indicated the same trend in human skin hydration enhancement of the gel or cream formulations containing the rice bran extracts entrapped in niosomes of about 20, 3 and 30%, respectively. This study has demonstrated the antioxidant activities and skin hydration enhancement of the rice bran bioactive compounds when entrapped in niosomes and incorporated in cream formulations.
    Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 03/2011; 11(3):2269-77. · 1.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Photochemical control of vesicle disintegration and reformation in aqueous solution was examined using a mixture of 4-butylazobenzene-4'-(oxyethyl)trimethylammonium bromide (AZTMA) as the photoresponsive cationic surfactant and sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate (SDBS) as the anionic surfactant. Spontaneous vesicle formation was found in a wide-ranging composition of the trans-AZTMA/SDBS system. AZTMA molecules constituting vesicles underwent reversible trans-cis photoisomerization when irradiated with ultraviolet and visible light. Transmission electron microscopy observations using the freeze-fracture technique (FF-TEM) showed that UV light irradiation caused the vesicles to disintegrate into coarse aggregates and visible light irradiation stimulated the reformation of vesicles (normal control). A detailed investigation of the phase state and the effects of UV and visible light irradiation on the AZTMA/SDBS system with the use of electroconductivity, dynamic/static light scattering, and surface tension measurements and FF-TEM observations revealed that in the AZTMA-rich composition (AZTMA/SDBS 9:1) a micellar solution before light irradiation became a vesicular solution after UV light irradiation and visible light irradiation allowed the return to a micellar solution (reverse control). Thus, we could photochemically control the disintegration (normal control) and reformation (reverse control) of vesicles in the same system.
    Langmuir 03/2011; 27(5):1610-7. · 4.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mannosylerythritol lipids (MELs) produced by yeasts are one of the most promising glycolipid biosurfactants. In this study, we succeeded in the preparation of a novel MEL homolog having no acetyl groups, namely MEL-D. MEL-D was synthesized by lipase-catalyzed hydrolysis of acetyl groups from a known MEL, and identified as 4-O-[2',3'-di-O-alka(e)noyl-β-d-mannopyranosyl]-(2R,3S)-erythritol. The obtained MEL-D showed a higher critical aggregation concentration (CAC=1.2 × 10(-5)M) and hydrophilicity compared to known MELs, retaining an excellent surface tension lowering activity (the surface tension at the CAC was 24.5mN/m). In addition, we estimated the binary phase diagram of the MEL-D-water system based on a combination of visual inspection, polarized optical microscopy, and SAXS measurement. From these results, MEL-D was found to self-assemble into a lamellar (L(α)) structure over all ranges of concentration. Meanwhile, the one-phase L(α) region of MEL-D was extended wider than those of known MELs. MEL-D might keep more water between the polar layers in accordance with the extension of the interlayer spacing (d). These results suggest that the newly obtained MEL-D would facilitate the application of MELs in various fields as a lamellar-forming glycolipid with higher hydrate ability.
    Carbohydrate research 02/2011; 346(2):266-71. · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Given earlier observations that microwave frequencies can have a substantial effect on the photoactivity of a well-known photocatalyst (TiO(2)), in the synthesis of 3,6-diphenyl-4-n-butylpyridazine through a Diels-Alder process, and in the one-pot solvent-free synthesis of a room-temperature ionic liquid, we proceeded to examine the frequency effects of the 5.8 and 2.45 GHz microwave (MW) radiation in the synthesis of gold nanoparticles in non-polar media, such as oleylamine, which have a low dielectric constant (ε'), and we further examine differences in shape and size under otherwise identical temperature conditions when the synthesis of the gold nanoparticles was carried out in an ethylene glycol polar medium in the presence of polyvinylpyrrolidone. Whereas a change in microwave frequency from 2.45 to 5.8 GHz at equal microwave power levels led to the synthesis of gold nanoparticles in the non-polar media, a change in the microwave frequency had no effect on the size and shape of the gold nanoparticles synthesized in polar media for identical microwave power levels.
    Nanoscale 02/2011; 3(4):1697-702. · 6.23 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
736.76 Total Impact Points


  • 2013
    • National Institute for Materials Science
      • World Premier International (WPI) Research Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (MANA)
      Tsukuba, Ibaraki-ken, Japan
  • 2011–2013
    • Sophia University
      • • Department of Materials and Life Sciences
      • • Faculty of Science and Technology
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2008–2013
    • Chiang Mai University
      • • Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      • • Faculty of Pharmacy
      Chiang Mai, Chiang Mai Province, Thailand
    • Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology
      Kawasaki Si, Kanagawa, Japan
    • Panjab University
      • Department of Chemistry
      Chandīgarh, Union Territory of Chandigarh, India
  • 2007–2013
    • Nara Women's University
      • Graduate School of Humanities and Sciences
      Nara, Nara, Japan
    • Chiba University
      • Department of Chemistry
      Chiba-shi, Chiba-ken, Japan
  • 1984–2013
    • Tokyo University of Science
      • • Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry
      • • Department of Fire Science and Technology
      • • Department of Applied Biological Science
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan
  • 2012
    • Fukuoka University
      • Department of Chemistry
      Fukuoka-shi, Fukuoka-ken, Japan
  • 2002–2012
    • National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
      • Research Institute for Innovation in Sustainable Chemistry
      Ibaraki, Osaka-fu, Japan
  • 2010
    • Okayama University
      Okayama, Okayama, Japan
  • 2009
    • Lion Corp.
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2008–2009
    • Shinshu University
      Shonai, Nagano, Japan
  • 2003–2009
    • Nihon University
      • College of Pharmacy
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan
  • 2007–2008
    • Hirosaki University
      • • Department of Frontier Materials Chemistry
      • • Faculty of Science and Technology
      Khirosaki, Aomori Prefecture, Japan
  • 2004–2005
    • Kyushu University of Health and Welfare
      Nobeoka, Miyazaki, Japan
  • 2001–2003
    • Kyoritsu College of Pharmacy
      Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1993
    • University of Oklahoma
      • Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
      Norman, OK, United States
  • 1987
    • The University of Tokyo
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan