Mustafa Ozkan

Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara, Ankara, Turkey

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Publications (18)21.7 Total impact

  • Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology 09/2008; 8(4):E24-5. · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of perindopril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, atenolol, a beta adrenergic receptor blocker, and amlodipine, a calcium channel blocker, were investigated in chronic alcohol administered rats. Adult male Wistar rats (240-320 g) were used in the present study. Alcohol was given to rats on a modified liquid diet for 21 days. Perindopril (2.5 and 5 mg/kg), atenolol (5 and 10 mg/kg), and amlodipine (5 and 10 mg/kg) were injected into rats in different groups intraperitoneally for 21 days. Control rats were pair fed an isocaloric liquid diet containing sucrose as a caloric substitute for alcohol. Saline was injected into the control rats for 21 days. The hearts were removed after the rats were anesthetized by ether, and 1-mm3 samples from the ascending aortas were fixed. Five fields per aorta were examined and photographed with a transmission electron microscope. Blood alcohol levels were also measured spectrophotometrically. Daily alcohol consumption of the rats was in the range of 12.09-15.50 g/kg. Blood alcohol concentrations were 145.63 mg/dl on the 21st day of alcohol consumption. Chronic alcohol consumption caused some marked aortic wall injuries. Perindopril, atenolol, and amlodipine at high doses, but not low doses, produced some significant beneficial effects on alcohol-induced aortic wall damage. These results imply that perindopril, atenolol, and amlodipine may have protective effects on heavy chronic alcohol consumption-induced aortic wall injury in rats only in high doses.
    Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research 06/2008; 14(5):BR96-102. · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mitral regurgitation (MR) is a progressive disease of the mitral valve, which can be primary or functional. The assessment of left ventricular function in MR is still troublesome. In this study, we evaluated the validity of a new parameter, total dt, in patients with MR. Forty patients with severe MR constituted the study group. According to the transesophageal echocardiographic evaluation, the patients were dichotomized into two groups: (1) Primary MR; n = 21, (2) Functional MR; n = 19. The total dt was defined as the sum of time intervals from 1 msto 3 ms (positive dt) and from 3 ms to 1 ms (negative dt) on the CW Doppler recording of MR jet. It was compared to other indices of left ventricular function and left ventricular geometry, including ejection fraction, fractional shortening, myocardial performance index, coaptation distance, left ventricular volume and diameter, sphericity index, and parameters of diastolic function. The total dt correlated with myocardial performance index, coaptation distance, and sphericity index. It could differentiate between primary and functional MR with an area under curve of 0.878, followed by myocardial performance index with 0.860. The total dt > 104 ms was 79% sensitive and 81% specific for discrimination. The total dt is useful for assessing left ventricular function and also for differentiating primary MR from functional MR.
    Echocardiography 08/2007; 24(6):561-6. · 1.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Early diagnosis and treatment of coronary artery disease is gaining more importance because of its increasing incidence. The calculation of coronary risk score is one of the most important approaches. The aim of the study is to find out the relation between coronary risk score and vessel distribution of the coronary heart disease. The study included 49 patients (mean age = 63+/-8 years; 36 males) whose coronary disease was proven by coronary angiography. The severity of the disease is established according to the number of the vessels with >50% stenosis. According to the results; age (p=0.548), gender (p=0.116), uric acid (p=0.091), and smoking (p=0.718) are not effective on diseased vessel distribution. Similarly, total coronary risk score and vessel involvement was not correlated (p=0.115). The ten year coronary risk and vessel involvement was not in good correlation, too (p=0.523). Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol levels were lower in patients with multiple vessel disease but the statistical significance was borderline (p=0.051). High-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol levels were lower in multiple vessel disease (p=0.004). Both LDL-cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol scores were decreasing with increased number of involved vessels (p=0.035, p=0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed that blood pressure score, and HDL cholesterol score were directly related and LDL-score were inversely related to the number of the involved vessels. The height and vessel involvement was also in good correlation (p=0.024). The LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, diastolic blood pressure and height are affective on the number of the involved vessels. The total coronary risk scores are not correlated with the severity and distribution of the disease.
    Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology 12/2006; 6(4):353-7. · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to determine the relation between some parameters, which can be obtained from cardiac catheterization pressure records, and coronary artery disease. The study included 65 patients, in whom coronary angiography was performed by the cardiologists of the study. The parameters could be obtained in 40 patients (59+/-6 years; 28 male), and statistical analysis included the data of these patients. From the pressure recordings, myocardial performance index (MPI), isovolumetric relaxation time (IVRT), isovolumetric contraction time (IVCT), ejection time (ET), augmentation wave amplitude (AW), augmentation wave time (AWT) and augmentation index (AI) were measured manually. Coronary artery disease was defined as the presence of any lesion, without regarding the degree of narrowing. The parameters were evaluated with respect to relation with presence of coronary artery disease (Mann-Whitney U test), relation with risk factors for atherosclerosis (Mann-Whitney U test and Chi square test) and capability of predicting coronary artery disease (area under ROC curve, AUC). Statistical significance was set at 0.05. The presence of coronary artery was significantly related to AI, AWT, AW, IVCT and MPI (p<0.001 for all). The most sensitive parameters for coronary artery disease were AI (sensitivity 94%, AUC -0.846, p<0.001) and AW (sensitivity 94%, AUC -0.848, p<0.001), while the most specific one was AWT (specificity 82%, AUC -0.833, p<0.001). The MPI and IVCT were weakly related with risk factors, while IVRT had stronger relation. The parameters of augmentation wave were significantly related with high density lipoprotein cholesterol, whereas the relation with low density lipoprotein cholesterol was weak. The parameters, which are obtained from cardiac catheterization pressure recordings, are related with coronary artery disease. They may be useful for predicting future coronary artery disease especially in patients with normal coronary angiogram. It is useful to add these parameters into the reports of coronary angiograms.
    Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology 07/2006; 6(2):121-5. · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of perindopril, an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, atenolol, a beta adrenergic receptor blocker and amlodipine, a calcium channel blocker were investigated in chronic alcohol administered rats. Adult male Wistar rats (240-320 g) were used in the present study. Alcohol was given to rats by a modified liquid diet for 21 days. Perindopril (2.5 and 5 mgkg(-1)), atenolol (5 and 10 mg kg(-1)) and amlodipine (5 and 10 mg kg(-1)) were injected to rats in different groups intraperitoneally for 21 days. Control rats were pair fed by an isocaloric liquid diet containing sucrose as a caloric substitute for alcohol. Saline was injected to control rats for 21 days. Rats were anesthetized with ether. Their hearts were removed and 1 mm3 samples from left ventricles were fixed. Five fields per heart were examined and photographed with transmission electron microscope. Blood alcohol levels were also measured spectrophotometrically. Daily alcohol consumption of the rats was in a range of 12.09-15.5 g kg(-1). Blood alcohol concentrations were found as 145.63 mg dl(-1) at 21st day of alcohol consumption. Chronic alcohol consumption caused some marked myocardial injuries. Perindopril and atenolol but not amlodipine produced some significant beneficial effects on alcohol-induced myocardial damages. Our results imply that perindopril and atenolol but not amlodipine have protective effects on heavy chronic alcohol consumption-induced myocardial injury in rats.
    Pharmacological Research 03/2006; 53(2):142-8. · 4.35 Impact Factor
  • Mustafa Ozkan, Mehmet Yokusoglu, Mehmet Uzun
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    ABSTRACT: Percutaneous coronary interventions have been a widely accepted method as a treatment option in patients with coronary artery disease. Unfortunately, the rare procedure-related complications pose a potential risk for patients, either during catheterization or afterwards. We present a case, in which we found of a retained guidewire segment in the right coronary artery.
    Acta cardiologica 01/2006; 60(6):653-4. · 0.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Angle-correction is an important limiting factor for using proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) method in measuring mitral valve area (MVA). In this study, we derived a novel formula, which simplifies the angle-correction, and tested its use in patients with mitral stenosis (MS). The study included 30 MS patients without concomitant aortic or mitral regurgitation. We used mathematical equations and established a relation between the angle and its corresponding border, 'a', by using linear regression analysis. It was found that MVA is equal to [(1.11*a2 + 0.95)* r2 (Val/Vmax)]. We compared this formula with plain angle-corrected and solid angle-corrected PISA methods, planimetry (reference method) and pressure-half time method by linear regression analysis. All methods were in significant relation with the reference method, two-dimensional planimetry. We found that there is a good relation between our method and planimetry (r = 0.79, p < 0.001), pressure half-time method (r = 0.85, p < 0.001), angle-corrected PISA method (r = 0.99, p < 0.001), and solid angle-corrected PISA method (r = 0.88, p < 0.001). The time duration of the new method was shorter (p < 0.001). Our method is an easy way for applying angle-corrected PISA method to mitral valve area measurement in patients with mitral stenosis. Absence of the need for estimating the angle is the major advantage.
    The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging 12/2005; 21(6):633-40. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The shape of the left ventricle is an important echocardiographic feature of left ventricular dysfunction. Progression of the mitral regurgitation and consequent left ventricular remodeling is unpredictable in heart failure. Elongation index is an index of left ventricular sphericity. The surface area of the elongated ventricle is larger than that of a spherical one. The objective of this study was to assess the relation between elongation index and the degree of mitral regurgitation along with noninvasive indices of left ventricular function. Thirty-two patients (21 male, 11 female, mean age: 57 +/- 6 yrs) with congestive heart failure and mitral regurgitation were included. Patients were stratified into three groups according to vena contracta width as having mild (n = 11), moderate (n = 11) and severe mitral regurgitation (n = 10). The elongation index (EI) was considered as equal to {[(left ventricular internal area-measured) - (theoretical area of the sphere with measured left ventricular volume)]/(theoretical area of the sphere with measured left ventricular volume)}. Ejection fractions by the modified Simpson rule, dP/dt and sphericity index (SI) were also recorded. The relationship between (EI), ejection fraction, dP/dt and SI reached modest statistical significance (p < 0.05). When the EI and SI were compared, the correlation was also significant (p < 0.01). The areas under the receiver operator curve of EI and SI for discriminating dP/dt < 1000 mm Hg/s were 0.833 and 0.733, respectively. In conclusion, the elongation, which defines the shape of the left ventricle, might be related to the systolic function of the left ventricle and the degree of the mitral regurgitation. Further studies are needed to demonstrate its use in other clinical entities.
    Echocardiography 09/2005; 22(7):555-60. · 1.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Myocardial performance index (MPI) is a valuable index of global ventricular performance. It is almost always measured by Doppler echocardiography. The purposes of this study were (I) to compare MPI measured by catheterization (MPIc) and that measured by Doppler echocardiography (MPId), and (2) to compare it with the functional status. The study included 80 patients who had undergone left heart catheterization. The MPIc was measured from the pressure recordings obtained at left ventricle and aorta. Mean MPId and MPIc were 0.40 +/- 0.12 and 0.42 +/- 0.12, respectively. Mean left ventricular end diastolic pressure (LVEDP) was 13 +/- 5 mm Hg. Mean heart rate was 77 +/- 11 beats/min. Mann-Whitney U test revealed that MPIc could discriminate between the functional statuses of the patients. The regression analysis revealed that there is a good correlation between MPIc and MPId, LVEDP or heart rate. There was no significant difference between MPIc and MPId (p > 0.05). The present data show that (I) the MPIc has a strong correlation with MPId; (2) it is a good discriminator of functional status. It may provide an additional information regarding the left ventricular performance in patients who underwent the cardiac catheterization.
    Acta cardiologica 08/2005; 60(4):415-20. · 0.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We aimed to evaluate the correlation between aortic regurgitation severity and brain natriuretic (BNP) levels as a marker for left ventricular dysfunction. Sixty consecutive male patients (mean age 22 +/- 3 years) with isolated chronic aortic regurgitation were enrolled in the study together with a control group of 30 age-matched healthy volunteers (group A). Patients were classified with regard to aortic regurgitation vena contracta width as follows: group B, < 3 mm, mild (n = 16); group C, > or = 3 and < 6 mm, moderate (n = 26); group D, > or = 6 mm, severe (n = 18). BNP measurements were performed with a fluorescence immunoassay kit. BNP levels were increased in patients with aortic regurgitation, and severity of regurgitation had a significant influence on BNP levels. This effect can be explained by the volume loading effect of aortic regurgitation.
    The Journal of international medical research 07/2005; 33(4):454-9. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In spite of developments in interventional cardiology, the success rate of saphenous vein graft stenting is still low in patients with acute coronary syndromes. In this study, we aimed at finding out the effect of pretreatment with Tirofiban, a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor, and clopidogrel, an adenosine diphosphate antagonist, on the outcome of saphenous vein graft stenting in patients with acute coronary syndrome. A total of 47 patients, who had lesions in saphenous vein grafts and acute coronary syndrome, could be randomized to treated group (n = 24), who received Tirofiban and clopidogrel for 48 hours before the intervention, and untreated group (n = 23), who did not receive Tirofiban and clopidogrel. In the untreated group, the intervention was performed just after the coronary angiography. All patients underwent stenting as the standard intervention. The groups were compared by Mann-Whitney's U-test or Chi-Square test. The level of statistical significance was set at 0.05. There were no significant differences regarding age, gender, and atherosclerotic risk factors between the two groups. In treated group, precutaneous coronary intervention was successful in all patients and no-reflow phenomenon occurred in only one patient. The rate of no-reflow or slow-flow phenomenon was significantly lower in treated group (one patient vs 9 patients, p = 0.004). One patient in untreated group experienced ventricular fibrillation, which was converted to sinus rhythm after defibrillation. During short-term follow-up, there were no acute myocardial infarction, coronary bypass surgery or death in both groups. There was no major bleeding. Minor bleeding was more frequent in treated group, but it did not achieve statistical significance (3 vs 1; p = 0.322). In conclusion, pretreatment with tirofiban and clopidogrel before percutaneous coronary intervention might result in better immediate outcomes in old saphenous vein grafts without any significant increase in bleeding complications.
    The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine 06/2005; 206(1):7-13. · 1.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Measurement of mitral valve area is still a challenge for the echocardiographers. Each method has its own limitations. In this study we assessed a different method and compared it with the other methods. The study included 50 consecutive patients with mitral stenosis. The reference method was planimetry. The suggested method was compared with the pressure half-time method, proximal isovelocity surface area method with and without angular correction, and the continuity method. There was a good correlation between each method and planimetry. The suggested method had the best correlation both for patients with and without aortic regurgitation. The pressure half-time method and continuity method overestimated the mitral valve area for patients with aortic regurgitation, whereas proximal isovelocity surface area method without angular correction overestimated the area in all patients. In conclusion, this method has very good correlation with planimetry. It can be used both in patients with and without aortic regurgitation.
    Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography 11/2004; 17(10):1053-8. · 4.28 Impact Factor
  • Cemal Sag, Mustafa Ozkan, Mehmet Uzun, Oben Baysan
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    ABSTRACT: Undeployment of a stent which poses a potential risk for future events may become a serious problem in the catheter laboratory. Herewith, we present a case in which we successfully stented an undeployed stent in the distal right coronary artery.
    Japanese Heart Journal 08/2004; 45(4):667-71. · 0.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Thoracic impedance cardiography (TIC) is a noninvasive method which has proved to be useful in monitoring the haemodynamic status of the patients. In this study, we evaluated the TIC findings in patients with pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade. The study consisted of patients with pericardial effusion with (group A) or without (group B) cardiac tamponade (CT). The stroke volume, cardiac output and ejection fraction was measured by both echocardiography and TIC. The measurements were done at baseline in both groups and following pericardiocentesis in group A. The variables were compared by linear regression analysis, paired sample's t test and chi-square test. The study included 32 patients. Group A consisted of 16 patients and group B of 14 patients. Two patients were excluded from comparisons because of insufficient quality of the echocardiographic examination. There were no significant differences between group A and B with regard to demographic features. Both echocardiographic and TIC measurements at baseline revealed decreased cardiac output, EDV and SV in group A and EF was not different. Linear regression analysis revealed that echocardiography and TIC were in significant correlation with regard to cardiac output, enddiastolic volume, stroke volume (p < 0.01) but not ejection fraction (p = 0.8910). The correlation was also present after pericardiocentesis. TIC can be safely used in patients with pericardial effusion. It provides suggestive data for the diagnosis of CT and can be used as a means of monitoring the results of the pericardiocentesis.
    Acta cardiologica 05/2004; 59(2):141-5. · 0.61 Impact Factor
  • Acta Cardiologica - ACTA CARDIOL. 01/2004; 59(2):141-145.
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    European Journal of Echocardiography - EUR J ECHOCARDIOGR. 01/2003; 4.
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    European Journal of Echocardiography - EUR J ECHOCARDIOGR. 01/2003; 4.