Kun-san Xiang

Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (61)24.52 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is becoming a major public health hazard in China. The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence of NAFLD, NAFLD with abnormal serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, and determine the potential associations of ALT levels with the components of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the absence or presence of NAFLD in Chinese adults. A population-based cross-sectional survey was conducted with 2226 participants. Physical examinations, laboratory tests and hepatic ultrasounds were performed. Individuals were further stratified into higher or lower ALT subgroups with the upper quartiles of ALT in this population. The MetS was identified according to the criteria of the Chinese Joint Committee for Developing Chinese Guidelines (JCDCG). The standardized prevalence of NAFLD was 23.3% (NAFLD with abnormal ALT levels, 3.1%), 26.5% (NAFLD with abnormal ALT levels, 5.1%) in males, and 19.7% (NAFLD with abnormal ALT levels, 0.9%) in females. Multivariate logistic analysis revealed that higher ALT was significantly associated with elevated triglyceride (TG) in the non-NAFLD participants, independent of age, smoking status, drinking status, and other MetS-related measures with odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of 3.4 (1.6-7.1) and 2.3 (1.4-3.7) in males and females, respectively. On the other hand, the higher ALT was statistically associated with elevated TG and hyperglycemia in the NAFLD cases with odds ratios of 2.2 to 2.5 (P<0.05). The prevalence of NAFLD has become epidemic in Shanghai adults. NAFLD combined with ALT levels may be used to identify the individuals at the different risk levels of metabolic disorders.
    Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 04/2011; 26(4):722-30. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 1. The aim of the present study was to assess the validity of glycated albumin (GA) and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) as a screening tool for the early detection of diabetes in Chinese subjects. 2. A total of 1971 outpatient subjects underwent a 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and GA measurement. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was plotted to examine the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of GA and FPG in detecting undiagnosed diabetes at the different cut-off levels. 3. The prevalence of impaired glucose regulation and diabetes was 27.40% and 38.30%. For these diabetic individuals, 4.64% had isolated fasting hyperglycemia, 50.86% had isolated postprandial hyperglycemia and 44.50% had both. Using ROC analysis, a GA of 17.1% gave an optimal sensitivity of 76.82% (95% confidence interval: 73.64-79.79%) and specificity of 76.89% (74.42-79.23%) for the diagnosis of diabetes. Likewise, a FPG of 6.1 mmol/L gave an optimal sensitivity of 80.93% (77.94-83.67%) and specificity of 85.94% (83.86-87.84%). If subjects met both criteria, they were regarded as having diabetes; the positive predictive value of the combined criteria, FPG ≥ 6.1 mmol/L and GA ≥ 17.1%, was relatively high (84.79% (81.62-87.60%)), and this would have avoided 76% of the OGTT in our survey. 4. In conclusion, a GA value of 17.1%, an optimal cut-off in Chinese subjects, identified a high proportion of potential diabetic individuals. Simultaneous measurement of FPG and GA would enhance the sensitivity of diabetes screening in our population and avoid 76% of OGTT.
    Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 10/2010; 37(10):974-9. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship between the vascular endothelial growth factor A gene (VEGFA) rs9369425 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and type 2 diabetes in Chinese Han population. One thousand eight hundred and ninety two type 2 diabetes patients and 1808 controls with normal glucose were recruited in this study. Phenotypes including body mass index, waist, waist hip ratio, plasma glucose and serum insulin levels of blood obtained both at 0 and 120 minute during standard 75-gram glucose oral glucose tolerance tests, were analyzed. Insulin resistance and beta cell function were assessed by homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR and HOMA-B). Genotyping was performed by time-of-light mass spectrum using a Sequenom platform. The frequencies of minor allele G in the diabetic patients and controls were 10.8% and 11.3% respectively. No significant difference of allele distribution was detected between the cases and controls (P=0.5086). No significant difference (P>0.05) was detected on the association between rs9369425 SNP and clinical phenotypes. VEGFA rs9369425 was not associated with type 2 diabetes in Chinese Han population. Whether there is association in any other loci in this gene remained to be investigated.
    Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 08/2010; 27(4):457-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the present Chinese body mass index (BMI) criteria with body fat percentage (BF%) in determining obesity in Chinese population. A total of 4 907 subjects (age: 20-90 yrs) were enrolled in the baseline survey of a longitudinal epidemiological study, and 2 638 of them were reevaluated in 5.5 years later. The Chinese BMI and WHO BF% were used to define obesity, respectively. The diagnostic agreement between the Chinese BMI and WHO BF% definitions for obesity was poor for both men (kappa: 0.210, 95% CI: 0.179-0.241) and women (kappa: 0.327, 95% CI: 0.296-0.358). However, BMI had a good correlation with BF% both in men (r: 0.785, P<0.01) and women (r: 0.864, P<0.01). The age and sex-adjusted relative risks (RR) for incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) were significantly higher in subjects with intermediate BF% (BF%:20.1%-25% for men, 30.1%-35% for women) (RR: 2.35, 95% CI: 1.23-4.48) and high BF%(BF%>25% for men and > 35% for women)(RR: 2.89, 95% CI: 1.43-5.81), or in subjects with high BMI (BMI>or=28 kg/m(2)) (RR: 2.46, 95% CI: 1.31-4.63) when compared to those with low BF% (BF%<or=20% for men and<or=30% for women) or low BMI (BMI24 kg/m(2)) respectively. No difference in risk could be found in those with intermediate BMI (BMI: 24-27.9 kg/m(2)) (RR: 1.44, 95% CI: 0.86-2.40), as compared to those with low BMI (BMI<24 kg/m(2)), whose BF% ranged widely from 7.8 to 50.3%. BMI was correlated with BF%. Both BMI and BF% were associated with high risk for T2DM. However, BMI had its limitations in the interpretation of subjects with BMI between 24 and 27.9 kg/m(2).
    Biomedical and Environmental Sciences 06/2010; 23(3):173-9. · 1.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate a potential association between SNP rs10494366 in the neural nitric oxide synthase adaptor protein (NOS1AP) and efficacy of repaglinide (an insulin secretagogue) in newly diagnosed Shanghai Chinese type 2 diabetes patients. A total of 104 newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients (69 men, 35 women) were recruited and treated with repaglinide for 24 weeks. Anthropometric measurements, clinical laboratory tests were obtained at baseline and after 24-week treatment. Genotyping was performed by sequencing. The baseline value of BMI, HOMA-IR, HOMA-B, and fasting insulin level were significantly different between GG, GT, and TT genotypes (P=0.024, 0.030, 0.005, and 0.007, respectively). Carriers of TT genotype were in significant insulin resistance at baseline. After 24-week repaglinide monotherapy, the Delta value of fasting insulin (P=0.019) and HOMA-IR (P=0.011) were significantly different. TT carriers had the least insulin resistance after treatment. The mixed model analysis showed that the variation had an interaction effect with repaglinide treatment only on HOMA-IR (P=0.013). A common variant in rs10494366 is associated with repaglinide monotherapy efficacy on insulin resistance in newly diagnosed Shanghai Chinese type 2 diabetes patients.
    Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 03/2010; 31(4):450-4. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As one of most widely-used biguanides, metformin can induce the lactic acidosis in patients with renal failure though its incidence is very low. However, lactic acidemia induced by metformin was reported in patients without renal dysfunction. It is unclear that whether lactatemia exists in diabetic patients with normal renal function in Chinese or not and its influencing factors. This study aimed to clarify the influencing factors of lactic acid, and identify a practiced clinical marker to predict the hyperlactacidemia in diabetics with normal renal function. The clinical data and venous blood samples of 1024 type 2 diabetic patients treated with (n = 426) or without metformin (n = 599) were collected. The lactic acid was assayed by enzyme-electrode method. The biochemical indexes included creatinine (Cr) and hepatase were measured with enzymatic procedures. The lactic acid concentrations of different Cr subgroups were compared, and the correlation and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis were used. The mean lactic acid level and the proportion of hyperlactatemia of metformin group were significantly higher than that of non-metformin group (P < 0.01), but no lactic acidosis was found in all patients. The correlation and multiple stepwise regression analysis indicated that the correlative factors of lactic acid in turn were Cr, metformin, alanine transferase (ALT), body mass index (BMI), Urine albumin (Ualb), and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) in total patients; and Cr, ALT, BMI and BUN in non-metformin treated patients; Cr and ALT in metformin-group. The lactate concentration increased with the increment of Cr levels, and reached its peak at Cr 111-130 micromol/L, and the optimal cutoff of Cr in predicting hyperlactacidemia was 96.5 micromol/L. Metformin can increase the incidence of lactatemia in type 2 diabetic patients without renal dysfunction. Cr, ALT, and BMI are independent associated factors of blood lactic acid levels. There is low proportion of lactatemia in type 2 diabetics without metformin therapy, the optimal cutoff of Cr to predict lactatemia in these patients is 96.5 micromol/L.
    Chinese medical journal 11/2009; 122(21):2547-53. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Apelin is an adipokine that contributes to the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. The plasma levels of apelin increased in obese patients and diabetic subjects. This study aimed to investigate the effects of apelin genetic variants on type 2 diabetes and related quantitative traits. We selected three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that could capture all common variants in APLN gene region and genotyped them in 1892 type 2 diabetic patients and 1808 normal glucose regulation controls. The clinical features related to glucose metabolism were measured in the controls. The comparison of allele and genotype distribution in the cases and controls were performed by using chi(2) tests. The association between SNPs and quantitative traits were analyzed using Wilcoxon's rank-sum test. None of the SNPs or haplotypes showed evidence of association to type 2 diabetes. However, rs2235306 was nominally associated with fasting plasma glucose levels in the male subjects with normal glucose regulation ((4.93 +/- 0.03) vs (5.01 +/- 0.03) mmol/L, P = 0.04). No significant difference was observed between all three SNPs and other variables. APLN SNP rs2235306 was associated with fasting plasma glucose levels in males. It suggests that APLN genetic variants may contribute to clinical features related to glucose metabolism in Chinese population.
    Chinese medical journal 07/2009; 122(11):1273-6. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the significance of the application of three diagnostic criteria of metabolic syndrome (MS), issued by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel II (ATPIII) in 2005, International Diabetes Federation (IDF) in 2005 and Chinese Diabetes Society (CDS) in 2004, in type 2 diabetes mellitus pedigrees. Totally,4468 subjects (including spouses) from 715 type 2 diabetic pedigrees were selected in this study. Complete laboratory data, including blood pressure, lipid profile and plasma glucose, were collected. The prevalence rates of MS and the unity of three criteria were analyzed. The prevalence rates of MS were 44.94% (2008/4468), 37.87% (1692/4468) and 23.86% (1066/4468) according to the ATPIII, IDF and CDS criteria respectively. It subsequently increased in second-degree relatives, spouses, first-degree relatives and probands (ATP III: 23.78% (117/492), 35.77% (318/889), 45.40% (1077/2372) and 69.37% (496/715); IDF: 20.53% (101/492), 31.61% (281/889), 38.74% (919/2372) and 54.69% (391/715); CDS: 8.94% (44/492), 16.99% (151/889), 25.08% (595/2372) and 38.60% (276/715); ATPIII: chi2 = 266.359, IDF: chi2 = 155.950, CDS: chi2 = 165.087, respectively, P < 0.01). The prevalence rates of MS, as defined by the ATP III and IDF criteria, were higher in females than in males (ATP III: 47.47% (1156/2435) and 41.91% (852/2033); IDF: 43.00% (1047/2435) and 31.73% (645/2033); chi2 = 13.871 and 60.169, respectively, P < 0.01), and was lower in females than in males as defined by the CDS criterion (22.38% and 25.63%, respectively, chi2 = 6.423, P = 0.011). The agreement in the diagnosis of MS using ATPIII and IDF, ATPIII and CDS, IDF and CDS was 92.93%, 75.56% and 77.21% respectively. Kappa index were 0.855, 0.484 and 0.478 respectively (P < 0.01). ATP III criterion showed the highest prevalence of MS and the percent of risk factor aggregation which best reflected the characteristics of MS in familial type 2 diabetic pedigrees.
    Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine] 06/2009; 43(6):489-94.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the prevalence and clinical characteristics of the A to G mutation at nucleotide 3243 of the mitochondrial tRNA(Leu(UUR)) gene in familial diabetes in Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang Province of China. The mt3243 A to G mutation in 770 randomly selected, unrelated probands of diabetic pedigrees were screened by PCR-RFLP technique and PCR-direct sequencing. Genetic and clinical analyses were further performed in the probands and their family members. Thirteen diabetic patients (13/770, 1.69%) with mt3243 A to G mutation were detected. Eleven diabetic patients and 8 normal glucose tolerance (NGT) first-degree relatives of these 13 probands were also found bearing the mutation. Seventeen patients were associated with sensory hearing loss. In the 24 patients harboring the mutation, the majority had lower body mass index (BMI), 18 showed typical maternal inheritance, 15 had sensory hearing loss, 13 had insulin resistance and 14 required insulin therapy due to secondary failure to oral hypoglycemic agents. The mutation of mt3243 A to G in the mitochondrial tRNA(Leu(UUR)) gene is an important cause of diabetes in Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang Province of China. Mitochondrial gene mutation diabetes (MDM) is clinically characterized by early onset, emaciation, maternal inheritance, sensorineural hearing loss, and lower islet beta cell function, and some have insulin resistance.
    Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 05/2009; 26(2):191-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the prevalence, clinical features of latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) from phenotypic type 2 diabetic patients and the relationship between LADA and metabolic syndrome (MS). Sera from 1711 phenotypic type 2 diabetic patients were screened for glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody (GAD-Ab) and protein tyrosine phosphatase antibody (IA2-Ab) through radioligand assay. The prevalence of LADA and its relation with clinical features were analyzed. (1) The prevalence of LADA in phenotypic type 2 diabetic patients was 6.7% (115/1711), the positive frequency of GAD-Ab and IA2-Ab was 6.0% and 2.4% respectively. (2) The prevalence of LADA from phenotypic type 2 diabetic patients with a duration of diabetes less than 1 year which was much higher than that of patients with a duration over 1 year (10.4% vs 5.9%, P < 0.01). (3) The prevalence of LADA was higher in patients with younger age at onset, lower body mass index and lower level of postprandial C peptide and without diabetes family history. (4) 51.3% of LADA patients were suffered from at least one kind of metabolic disorders besides hyperglycemia, 21.7% of them were with MS. The prevalence from high to low of those metabolic disorders were as follows: hypertension, dyslipidemia, overweight/obesity. (1) 6.7% of phenotypic type 2 diabetic patients were LADA, of whom early diagnosis of diabetic type should be made to guide clinical therapies. (2) More than 1/5 patients with MS were found in LADA patients, indicating an overall screening and intervention of metabolic disorder factors is important in LADA patients.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 05/2009; 89(18):1250-4.
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the prevalence of mutations or variants of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in familial diabetes mellitus in Chinese population, and to explore the relationship between mtDNA mutations or variants and diabetes. Seven hundred and seventy randomly selected, unrelated probands of diabetes pedigrees and 309 controls over 60 years of age with normal glucose tolerance were recruited. PCR-RFLP and PCR-direct sequencing were applied to the screening of mtDNA mutations or variants, including the mutations at nucleotides 3243, 3256 in tRNALeu region, 12258 in tRNASer region, 14709 in tRNAGlu region, 8296, 8344, 8363 in tRNALys region, 3316, 3394, 3426 in ND1 region and 12026 in ND4 region. In the diabetic group, 13 (1.69%) had mt3243 A>G mutation, 9(1.17%) had tRNAGlu 14709 T>C variant, 17 (2.21%) carried mt3316 G>A variant, 18 (2.34%) had mt3394 T>C variant, and 28 (3.63%) harbored the 12026 A>G variant. In the control group, the 14709, 3316, 3394, 12026 variants were detected in 5(1.62%), 5(1.62%), 6(1.94%), and 9(2.91%) subjects respectively. The 3256, 8296, 8344, 8363, 3426 and 12258 point mutations were not detected both in the diabetic patients and the controls. In the diabetic group, we found two double mutations, one was A3243G and T3394C, the other was A3243G and A12026G. Except that the A3243G mutation was only observed in the diabetic group, the frequencies of the other variants mentioned above were not statistically different between the diabetic and control groups. Moreover, clinical characteristics such as age of onset, BMI, and insulin resistance index were not different between diabetic patients with and without the variants. The tRNA (LeuUUR) 3243 A>G mutation may be the major cause of diabetes, representing 1.69% of the familial diabetes mellitus in Chinese. The other variants may be polymorphisms in this population, and the mutations not detected in our studied population may not be common contributors to diabetes mellitus in Chinese.
    Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 02/2009; 26(1):6-10.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to explore whether renin angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitor can reduce the production of vascular endothelium growth factor (VEGF). Further, we sought to elucidate the correlation between VEGF level and certain clinical parameters, such as albumin excretion rate (AER), before and after treatment with angiotensin type 1 receptor blocker. We recruited 166 type 2 diabetic patients at various stages of diabetic nephropathy (DN) and 46 healthy control subjects for a cross-sectional study. We recruited another 42 hypertensive type 2 diabetic patients with microalbuminuria for a longitudinal study involving a 6-month irbesartan treatment protocol. Urinary VEGF (uVEGF) levels were determined using ELISA. In the cross-sectional study, hypertensive type 2 diabetic patients who received RAS inhibitor presented lower uVEGF levels than those who did not receive the RAS inhibitor. Statistical analysis indicated that uVEGF level was independently correlated with the AER. In the longitudinal study involving the 6-month irbesartan treatment, we demonstrated that uVEGF levels decreased significantly in patients who achieved a 50% AER reduction (remission group, n=32). In contrast, uVEGF levels remained unchanged in patients who did not exhibit a 50% AER reduction (nonremission group, n=10). Furthermore, the change in uVEGF was significantly correlated with the change in AER (r=0.65, P<0.01) before and after 6 months of irbesartan treatment. This result held true even after we had adjusted for the decrease in average blood pressure. The protective effect of the RAS inhibitor in DN patients is associated with the suppression of VEGF. Accordingly, it may be possible to use uVEGF as a marker of DN progression. We suggest that uVEGF may be an important target for therapeutic intervention in the context of DN.
    Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 01/2009; 30(2):242-50. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship between the blood glucose variability and microalbuminuria (MAU) in type 2 diabetic patients with well-controlled glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and the influencing factors of blood glucose variability. One hundred and seventy-six type 2 diabetic patients with HbA1c under 6.5% and 48 subjects with normal glucose regulation were monitored using the continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS). The mean blood glucose (MBG) and mean amplitude of glucose excursions (MAGE) were analyzed. (1) The MBG and MAGE levels of type 2 diabetic patients were (7.0+/-0.9) and (3.8+/-2.5) mmol/L respectively, both higher than those of the subjects with normal glucose regulation [(5.4+/-0.6) and (2.0+/-0.7) mmol/L respectively, both P<0.01]. (2) The incidence ratio of MAU of the patients with ascended MAGE level was 18.7%, significantly higher of those with normal MAGE (7.1%, P<0.05). (3) The MAGE level was positively correlated with age, duration of diabetes, and systolic blood pressure, and negatively correlated with glomerular filtration rate and the levels of fasting and postprandial C-peptide. Multivariant regression analyses indicated that duration of diabetes and the level of postprandial C-peptide 30 min after meal were the independent influential factors of MAGE. (4) In the type 2 diabetic patients, the MAGE of the MAU group was higher than that of the non-MAU group (P<0.05). Logistic regression analyses indicated that diastolic blood pressure and MAGE were the risk factors of MAU (OR=1.201 and 1.357, both P<0.05). In well-controlled patients with type 2 diabetes, blood glucose variability is one of the risk factors for MAU, duration of diabetes and early stage of insulin secretion function are the main factors influencing glycemic variability.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 11/2008; 88(42):2977-81.
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    ABSTRACT: Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by a progressive loss of beta cell functions. However, the evaluation of beta cell functions is either expensive or inconvenient for clinical practice. We aimed to elucidate the association between the changes of insulin responsiveness and the fasting plasma glucose (FPG) during the development of diabetes. A total of 1192 Chinese individuals with normal blood glucose or hyperglycemia were enrolled for the analysis. The early insulinogenic index (DeltaI30/DeltaG30), the area under the curve of insulin (AUC-I), and homeostasis model assessment were applied to evaluate the early phase secretion, total insulin secretion, and insulin resistance respectively. Polynomial regression analysis was performed to estimate the fluctuation of beta cell functions. The DeltaI30/DeltaG30 decreased much more rapidly than the AUC-I accompanying with the elevation of FPG. At the FPG of 110 mg/dl (a pre-diabetic stage), the DeltaI30/DeltaG30 lost 50% of its maximum while the AUC-I was still at a compensated normal level. The AUC-I exhibited abnormal and decreased gradually at the FPG of from 130 mg/dl to higher (overt diabetes), while the DeltaI30/DeltaG30 almost remained at 25% of its maximum value. When hyperglycemia continuously existed at > 180 mg/dl, both the DeltaI30/DeltaG30 and AUC-I were totally lost. The increased fasting plasma glucose reflects progressive decompensation of beta cell functions, and could be used to guide the strategy of clinical treatments.
    Chinese medical journal 11/2008; 121(21):2119-23. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the association of KCNJ11 E23K and ABCC8 exon16-3T/C with the therapeutic effect of repaglinide in patients with type 2 diabetes. A total of 100 Chinese patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes were treated with repaglinide for 24 weeks. Arginine stimulation tests were performed to evaluate beta cell function. Gene variations were detected with PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Responders were defined by a greater than 25% decrease in fasting plasma glucose or a greater than 20% decrease in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) values (or both) after the 24 week repaglinide treatment. Both baseline HbA1c and the decrease of HbA1c were significantly higher in patients with E/K and K/K genotypes of the KCNJ11 E23K variant when compared with E/E homozygotes (P=0.0103 and 0.0221, respectively). The decrease in 2 h postprandial plasma glucose (2hPG) was significantly greater in E/K heterozygotes than E/E homozygotes (P=0.0367). There was a significant difference in the response rate to repaglinide treatment between the E and K alleles (68% vs 82%, P=0.0324). The changes in fasting insulin and the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance were significantly greater in patients with ABCC8 exon16-3 C/C versus the T/C and T/T genotypes (P=0.0372 and 0.0274, respectively). The KCNJ11 E23K variant was associated with the therapeutic effect of repaglinide. In addition, The C/C homozygotes of the ABCC8 exon16-3T/C variant responded better to repaglinide in insulin sensitivity than the T/C and T/T genotypes.
    Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 09/2008; 29(8):983-9. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and its components in type 2 diabetes mellitus pedigrees. A total number of 4468 subjects (including spouses) from 715 type 2 diabetic pedigrees were selected in this study. Complete laboratory data including blood pressure, lipid profile and plasma glucose, were collected. All subjects who were not defined as diabetic were valued by oral glucose tolerance test. MS was diagnosed according to the definition proposed by the China Diabetes Society (CDS) in 2004. (1) The prevalence of MS was 23.86% in diabetic pedigrees, and subsequently increased in second-degree relatives, spouses, first-degree relatives and probands. (2) The prevalence rates of 'at least' 1 metabolic abnormality in first-degree relatives, second-degree relatives and spouses were 80.10%, 59.76% and 70.30%, respectively. (3) Ratios on non-metabolic abnormality, 1 - 2 metabolic abnormality and MS were 19.90%, 55.02% and 25.08% in first-degree relatives, 40.24%, 50.82% and 8.94% in second-degree relatives, 29.70%, 53.31% and 16.99% in spouses, respectively. (4) Among the first-degree relatives, the common manifestation of metabolic abnormality was dyslipidemia for subjects aged below 40 years, and hyperglycemia for subjects aged over 40 years of age. (5) The prevalence of MS in first-degree relatives was higher in males than in females for subjects aged below 60 and it was higher in females than in males for subjects aged over 60. There was significant familial aggregation of MS found in our study. The first-degree relatives of type 2 diabetic patients were high risk populations, suggesting that early recognition and prevention were important issues to be carried out.
    Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 09/2008; 29(8):745-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the inheritance character of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) pedigrees. 4468 persons from 715 T2DM pedigrees (including the spouses) undergo peripheral blood sample collection to examine blood sugar and physical examination. Questionnaire survey was conducted to explore the family history. Type 1 DM and maturity-onset DM of young people were to be ruled out. Pedigree chart were made. The prevalence rates of T2DM and impaired glucose regulation (IGR) was 47.62%, including 218 T2DM and 422 IGR newly discovered. The prevalence rates of T2DM and IGR were 38.33% and 14.25% in the siblings, and 56.81% and 12.58% in the parents, all significantly higher than those in the second-degree relatives (9.55% and 6.10%) and spouses (10.57% and 9.55% respectively, all P < 0.01). The prevalence and newly discovered rates of IGR in the offspring were 12.46% and 11.73% respectively, both significantly higher than those in the spouses (9.55% and 9.55% respectively, all P < 0.01). There is significant familial aggregation in T2DM. The first-degree relatives of T2DM patients are high risk populations, so long term monitoring and early screening should be performed.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 09/2008; 88(36):2541-3.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the impact of glucokinase-associated dual-specificity phosphatase 12 gene (DUSP12) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) on type 2 diabetes mellitus in Chinese. The genotypes of -6735T-->C of DUSP12 were determined by PCR-RFLP in 577 Chinese in Shanghai, 359 with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) and 218 being newly diagnosed DM patients without taking any drug. Oral glucose tolerance test was conducted. Height, weight, glucose and insulin concentrations, serum lipid profiles, and fat distribution parameters were determined. The genotype frequency distributions of -6735T-->C variant in DUSP12 gene of the DM group and NGT group were not significantly different (all P > 0.05). The fasting plasma glucose concentration of the NGT subjects with C allele was 5.00 (4.69 - 5.28) mmol/L, significantly higher than that of the subjects with TT genotype [4.90 (4.50 - 5.26) mmol/L, P = 0.035]. The serum HDL-c concentration of the NGT subjects with C allele was (1.25 +/- 0.30) mmol/L, significantly lower than that of those with TT genotype [(1.34 +/- 0.30) mmol/L, P = 0.010]. These two results still showed significant statistical differences after adjusted with sex, age, and BMI (P = 0.035). -6735T-->C variant in DUSP12 doesn't play a major role in diabetes, but it may have some effects on glucose and lipid metabolism.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 08/2008; 88(32):2250-3.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the significance of use of modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) equation in calculating glomerular filtration rate (GFR) so as to estimate the prevalence of "renal insufficiency" in type 2 diabetes patients. Serum creatinine (Scr) and 24h-urinary albumin excretion (24 h-UAE) were measured in 1576 hospitalized type 2 diabetes patients. MDRD equation was used to calculate the GFR (GFR(MDRD)). GFR(MDRD) < 60 ml/min per 1.73 m2 was defined as "renal insufficiency". (1) Of the 1576 subjects, 908 (57.6%), 503 (31.9%), and 165 (10.5%) had GFR(MDRD) > or =90, 90-60, and <60 ml/min per 1.73 m2 respectively. The prevalence of "renal insufficiency" was increased with aging (P < 0.01). (2) The prevalence rates of "renal insufficiency" of the normo-, micro-, and macroalbuminuric groups were 4.8%, 14.4%, and 43.4% respectively, with significant differences among them (all P < 0.01). (3) Of the 165 subjects with "renal insufficiency", 21 (12.7%) had neither abnormal Scr nor abnormal albuminuria. Able to discover renal insufficiency early, MDRD equation has important clinical significance in evaluating the progression of renal dysfunction in type 2 diabetes patients.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 08/2008; 88(28):1966-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate how F261S mutation identified from Chinese obese patients affects the function of melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) and to analyze the obesity-related phenotypes in subjects carrying the F261S mutation. F261S mutant of MC4R was generated by site-directed mutagenesis. Plasmids encoding wild-type or F261S mutant of MC4R were transfected into HEK293 and COS-7 cells to examine their functional characteristics. Signaling properties of F261S MC4R were assessed by measuring intracellular cAMP levels in response to alpha-MSH stimulation. Cell surface expression of F261S MC4R was compared with that of wild-type MC4R. Clinical examinations were performed in subjects carrying F261S mutation and in non-mutated controls. The alpha-MSH-stimulated reporter gene activity was significantly reduced in cells expressing F261S MC4R, with a maximal response equal to 57% of wild-type MC4R. The F261S mutation also led to a significant change in the Es50 value compared with the wild-type receptor (P<0.01). Immunofluorescent assay revealed a marked reduction in plasma membrane localization of the MC4R in cells expressing the F261S mutant receptor. The resting metabolic rate and fat composition of the mutant carriers were not significantly different from those of the non-mutated obese controls. The decreased response to alpha-MSH due to the intracellular retention of MC4R may cause early-onset obesity in the F261S pedigree of Chinese.
    Biomedical and Environmental Sciences 08/2008; 21(4):280-5. · 1.15 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

180 Citations
24.52 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008–2011
    • Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2004–2010
    • Shanghai Cancer Institute
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2009
    • Henan Provincial People’s Hospital
      Cheng, Henan Sheng, China
  • 2006–2009
    • Shanghai University
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2006–2008
    • Shanghai Clinical Research Center
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2007
    • Beijing Jiaotong University
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2004–2007
    • Shanghai Putuo District People's Hospital
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China