[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Evaluation of vascular disrupting treatment (VDT) is generally based on tumor size and enhancement on conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) which, unfortunately, may be limited in providing satisfactory information. The purpose of the study is to evaluate consecutive changes of 20 rabbit VX2 liver tumors after VDT by dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) at a 3.0 T MR unit. Twenty four hours after intravenous injection of Combretastatin A-4-phosphate (CA4P) at 20 mg/kg, DCE-MRI derived Maximum Slope of Increase (MSI) and Positive Enhancement Integral (PEI) decreased sharply due to sudden shutting down of tumor feeding vessels. DWI derived Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) in tumor periphery decreased because of ischemic cell edema. On day 4, an increase of MSI was probably caused by the recovery of blood supply. A remarkable increase of ADC represented a large scale of necrosis among tumors. On day 8, the blood perfusion further decreased and the extent of necrosis further increased, reflected by lower MSI and PEI values and higher ADC value. On day 12, a second decrease of ADC was noticed because the re-growth of periphery tumor. The experimental data indicate that the therapeutic effects of VDT may be noninvasively monitored with DCE-MRI (reflecting tumor blood perfusion) and DWI (reflecting the changes of histology), which provide powerful measures for assessment of anticancer treatments.
PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(12):e82649. · 3.73 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the 12-day dynamic characteristics of tumor response to intravenous administration of CA4P in rabbit VX2 tumor models.
Study protocol was approved by local ethical committee for animal care and use. Sixteen rabbits with 32 tumors on bilateral legs were randomly divided into treated and control groups. Conventional and DWI images were acquired before and 24 h, 4 days, 8 days and 12 days after treatment. The dynamic changes of tumor on images were correlated with histological results. ADCs were compared among and between groups at different time points.
The tumors in treated group grew slower than those in control group. In treaded group, the mean ADC decreased slightly at 24 h point due to cell edema caused by ischemia. Then, it increased significantly at 4 days and 8 days because of progressive central necrosis. Finally, peripheral tumor proliferation caused a second decrease of ADC at 12 days. The significant difference of ΔADC% between the two groups at 24 h, 4 days and 8 days indicated that the change of ADC in treated group was really caused by CA4P.
The dynamic histological changes of tumor caused by CA4P as reflected exactly by diffusion-weighted MR imaging indicate a noninvasive measure for monitoring tumor vascular targeting treatment.
European journal of radiology 03/2011; 81(3):578-83. · 2.65 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The opioid peptides modulate extensive bioactivities, including pain, cardiovascular response, development and further responses. In the present study, the stimulative effects of endogenous opioid peptides on angiogenesis are evaluated in the proliferation, migration, adhesion and tube formation assays of the human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) for the first time. Endomorphin-1, endomorphin-2 and deltorphin I at physiological concentrations could stimulate HUVECs proliferation, migration, adhesion and tube formation in a dose dependent manner; whereas, they exhibited the cytotoxic effects on HUVECs at the higher doses in these assays. Naloxone, the nonselective opioid receptor antagonist, did not influence angiogenesis when it was administrated on its own; but it could antagonize the stimulative effects of the opioid peptides on angiogenesis when it was administrated in combination with the opioid peptides. Taken altogether, the results suggested that endogenous opioid peptides (endomorphin-1 and -2 and deltorphin I) stimulated angiogenesis at the cellular level, and these effects were mediated by the opioid receptors. These data are significant for potential clinical implementation in future.
European journal of pharmacology 11/2009; 628(1-3):42-50. · 2.59 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The opioid peptides modulate extensive bioactivities, including pain, cardiovascular response, development and so on. The effects of endogenous opioid peptides on angiogenesis were evaluated in the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay for the first time in the present study. Endomorphin-1, endomorphin-2 and deltorphin I at the dosage of 1, 10, 100 nmol/embryo could stimulate angiogenesis dose-dependently, respectively. Naloxone, the nonselective opioid receptor antagonist, did not influence angiogenesis alone; but it could antagonize the stimulative effects of the opioid peptides on angiogenesis when it was administrated in combination with the opioid peptides. Taken altogether, the results suggested that endogenous opioid peptides (endomorphin-1 and -2 and deltorphin I) stimulated angiogenesis in the CAM assay, and these effects were modulated with the opioid receptors. These data are important for potential future clinical implementation.
European Journal of Pharmacology 02/2008; 579(1-3):269-75. · 2.59 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The effects of melatonin (Mel) on the development of tolerance to antinociceptive actions induced by mu- and delta-opioid receptor agonists were determined in male Kunming mice. In the mouse tail-flick tests, selective mu and delta receptor agonists were repeatedly administered to mice supraspinally (intracerebroventricularly, i.c.v.) in the absence or presence of melatonin. Administration of endomorphin-1 (EM-1, a mu-opioid receptor agonist) or deltorphin I (del I, a delta-opioid receptor agonist) twice daily for 4 days produced antinociceptive tolerance compared with vehicle controls. Co-administration with melatonin prevented the development of tolerance to deltorphin I analgesia, and this effect was dose dependent. However, melatonin did not affect the development of antinociceptive tolerance to endomorphin-1. Additionally, the attenuation of deltorphin I tolerance by melatonin was reduced by chronic treatment with luzindole (luz), a selective antagonist on the MT(2) receptor subtype. Taken together, these data suggest that melatonin interferes with the neural mechanisms involved in the development of tolerance to delta-opioid agonist analgesia via its receptor.
Behavioural Brain Research 09/2007; 182(1):21-7. · 3.33 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between 16-slice spiral CT perfusion imaging and tumor angiogenesis and cyclin D1 expression in patients with peripheral lung cancer. Fifty-eight patients with peripheral lung cancer underwent 16-slice spiral CT perfusion imaging. The CT perfusion imaging was analyzed for time density curve (TDC), perfusion parametric maps, and the respective perfusion parameters. Correlation between the respective perfusion parameters and immunohistochemical findings of microvessel density measurement and cyclin D1 expression was evaluated.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The pain modulatory properties of melatonin (MT) are generally recognized but the detail of the interaction between melatonin and opioid system in pain regulation is not fully understood. The present study was undertaken to investigate the modulatory effect of melatonin (MT) on the hyperalgesic effect of Orphanin FQ/Nociceptin (OFQ/NC, NC), a member of opioid peptide family. Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of NC (10 microg/mouse) induced significant hyperalgesic effect in tail-flick test in mice; i.c.v. (5, 10, 50 microg/mouse) or intraperitoneal (i.p.) (5, 10, 50 mg/kg) co-injection of melatonin dose-dependently reversed NC-induced hyperalgesia and showed a profound analgesic effect. The antihyperalgesia effect of MT could be significantly antagonized by i.c.v. co-injection of luzindole (10 microg/mouse) (an antagonist of MT receptor) or naloxone (10 microg/mouse) (antagonist of traditional opioid receptor). Taken together, all the results suggested that MT could produce a luzindole and naloxone sensitive reversing effect on NC-induced hyperalgesia at supraspinal and peripheral level in mice. The augmentation effect of MT on the traditional opioid system may be one of the mechanisms of this antihyperalgesia action induced by MT. The present work will help to elucidate the mechanism of the pain modulation effect of MT, and also will help to represent new interesting modulating therapeutic targets for the relief of pain.
Brain Research 05/2006; 1085(1):43-8. · 2.88 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This present study examines the effect of melatonin on antinociceptive action induced by opioid agonists in mice using the tail-flick test. When injected either by intraperitoneal (i.p.) (1, 5, 25 mg/kg) or by intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) (0.25, 0.5, 1 mg/kg) routes, melatonin significantly enhanced the delta-opioid agonist deltorphin I induced antinociception, but not mu-opioid agonist endomorphin-1. Further investigation showed that i.c.v. luzindole (0.5 mg/kg) (an antagonist of melatonin receptor) significantly antagonized the enhanced antinociceptive effect of i.c.v. melatonin. These results demonstrated that melatonin can specifically enhance the antinociception induced by specific opioid receptor agonist (i.e., delta opioid agonist) acting on melatonin receptor and that melatonin may have augmentation effect on analgesia with delta-, but not mu-opioid agonists in mice.
Brain Research 06/2005; 1043(1-2):132-8. · 2.88 Impact Factor