Jean Bourhis

Groupe Oncologie Radiothérapie Tête et Cou, GORTEC, Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (191)1215.6 Total impact

  • Mahmut Ozsahin, Jean Bourhis
    Cancer 11/2014; · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To quantify the relationship between bone marrow (BM) response to radiation and radiation dose by using (18)F-labeled fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography [(18)F]FDG-PET standard uptake values (SUV) and to correlate these findings with hematological toxicity (HT) in cervical cancer (CC) patients treated with chemoradiation therapy (CRT). Seventeen women with a diagnosis of CC were treated with standard doses of CRT. All patients underwent pre- and post-therapy [(18)F]FDG-PET/computed tomography (CT). Hemograms were obtained before and during treatment and 3 months after treatment and at last follow-up. Pelvic bone was autosegmented as total bone marrow (BMTOT). Active bone marrow (BMACT) was contoured based on SUV greater than the mean SUV of BMTOT. The volumes (V) of each region receiving 10, 20, 30, and 40 Gy (V10, V20, V30, and V40, respectively) were calculated. Metabolic volume histograms and voxel SUV map response graphs were created. Relative changes in SUV before and after therapy were calculated by separating SUV voxels into radiation therapy dose ranges of 5 Gy. The relationships among SUV decrease, radiation dose, and HT were investigated using multiple regression models. Mean relative pre-post-therapy SUV reductions in BMTOT and BMACT were 27% and 38%, respectively. BMACT volume was significantly reduced after treatment (from 651.5 to 231.6 cm(3), respectively; P<.0001). BMACT V30 was significantly correlated with a reduction in BMACT SUV (R(2), 0.14; P<.001). The reduction in BMACT SUV significantly correlated with reduction in white blood cells (WBCs) at 3 months post-treatment (R(2), 0.27; P=.04) and at last follow-up (R(2), 0.25; P=.04). Different dosimetric parameters of BMTOT and BMACT correlated with long-term hematological outcome. The volumes of BMTOT and BMACT that are exposed to even relatively low doses of radiation are associated with a decrease in WBC counts following CRT. The loss in proliferative BM SUV uptake translates into low WBC nadirs after treatment. These results suggest the potential of intensity modulated radiation therapy to spare BMTOT to reduce long-term hematological toxicity. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 10/2014; 90(5):1099-1107. · 4.59 Impact Factor
  • Acta Oncologica. 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose To report the application of the Global Risk Analysis (GRA), an innovative proactive risk analysis method, to a radiotherapy department. Material and methods Analyses were conducted by a multidisciplinary working group with the support of a quality engineer. First, a mapping of hazardous situations was developed. For this, a double entry table was filled in, crossing the process of patient care divided into steps with a comprehensive list of pre-established hazards. The cells of the table represented interactions, which were, when relevant, considered as dangerous situations and then sorted by level of priority. For each high priority dangerous situation, scenarios were developed. Their criticality was assessed, using likelihood and severity scales, and a criticality matrix was used to allocate them into categories: acceptable (C1), tolerable (C2) and unacceptable (C3). Corrective actions were planned when relevant. Afterward, the criticality of the scenarios was reevaluated, leading to a residual risk mapping. Results The number of high priority dangerous situations to analyze was 78, for which 205 scenarios were generated: 95 C1, 98 C2, and 12 C3 scenarios. Twenty-two corrective actions were planned. Mapping of residual risk resulted in the disappearance of C3 risks, leaving 18 C2 scenarios, for which six monitoring indicators were implemented. Conclusion The implementation of the GRA appeared feasible and led to the implementation of 22 corrective actions based on scenarios, without the occurrence of any incidents.
    Radiotherapy and Oncology. 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the use of radiotherapy (RT) or concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) following taxane-based induction chemotherapy (T-ICT) in locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (LAHNSCC) and to evaluate the tolerability of CRT after T-ICT. From 01/2006 to 08/2012, 173 LAHNSCC patients treated as a curative intent by T-ICT, followed by definitive RT/CRT were included in this analysis. There was an 86% objective response (OR) after ICT among 154 evaluable patients. Forty-four patients received less than three cycles (25%) and 20 received only one cycle of T-ICT. The 3-year actuarial overall survival (OS) was 49% and there was no OS difference according to the type of ICT (regimen or number of cycle) or the addition of concurrent CT (cisplatin, carboplatin, or cetuximab) to RT. In multivariate analysis (MVA), clinically involved lymph node (cN+), age more than 60 years, the absence of OR after ICT, and performance status of at least 1 predicted for a decreased OS, with hazard ratios (HR) of 2.8, 2.2, 2.1, and 2, respectively. The 3-year actuarial locoregional control (LRC) and distant control (DC) rates were 52 and 73%, respectively. In MVA, the absence of OR after ICT (HR: 3.2), cN+ (HR: 3), and age more than 60 years (HR: 1.7) were prognostic for a lower LRC whereas cN+ (HR: 4.2) and carboplatin-based T-ICT (HR: 2.9) were prognostic for a lower DC. The number of cycles (≤2) received during ICT was borderline significant for DC in the MVA (P=0.08). Among patients receiving less than or equal to three cycles of ICT, higher outcomes were observed in patients who received cisplatin-based T-ICT (vs. carboplatin-based T-ICT) or subsequent CRT (vs. RT). T-ICT in our experience, followed by RT or CRT, raises several questions on the role and type of induction, and the efficacy of CRT over RT. The role of RT or CRT following induction, although feasible in these advanced patients, awaits answers from randomized trials.
    Anti-cancer drugs. 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Squamous cell carcinomas of larynx and hypopharynx can be treated by surgery and/or radiotherapy according to tumor size. For small tumors, the results are similar. For locally advanced tumors, the surgical approach is mutilating and requires a total (pharyngo)laryngectomy. Exclusive chemoradiotherapy has shown its interest at the cost of late sequelae. In order to reduce these effects and mutilation, induction chemotherapy with cisplatin, docetaxel and 5FU for organ preservation becomes the standard treatment but there are no solid studies comparing this approach with the exclusive chemoradiotherapy. And it is not possible to conclude as to the superiority of a scheme in terms of overall survival. When chemotherapy is chosen, the modalities of any potentiation of radiation have not been yet established.
    Bulletin du cancer. 05/2014; 101(5):438-444.
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    ABSTRACT: Cancer of the nasopharynx is an uncommon malignancy in France (incidence = 0.5/year/100,000 men) but is endemic in areas like in South-East Asia. Exclusive radiation therapy used to be the standard and results in local control rates for T3-T4 tumors around 50-75 %. Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) improves tumor coverage with a sparing of organs at risk and has to be privileged. Concurrent chemotherapy with IMRT achieved significant survival benefice with 5-year overall survival above 75 %. Concurrent radiochemotherapy with platinium is the most frequent scheme but induction and adjuvant chemotherapies are discussed to reduce distant failure: studies are currently ongoing. Follow-up aims to detect early local failures with a chance of cure and to manage long-term toxicities.
    Bulletin du cancer. 05/2014; 101(5):445-454.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of radiotherapy is to deliver enough radiation to the tumor in order to achieve maximum tumour control in the irradiated volume with as few serious complications as possible with an irradiation dose as low as possible to normal tissue. The quality of radiotherapy is essential for optimal treatment and quality control is to reduce the bias in clinical trials avoiding possible major deviations. The assurance and quality control programs have been developed in large european (EORTC, GORTEC) and american cooperative groups (RTOG) of radiation oncology since the 1980s. We insist here on the importance of quality assurance in radiotherapy and the current status in this domain and the criteria for quality control especially for current clinical trials within GORTEC are discussed here.
    Bulletin du cancer. 05/2014; 101(5):481-485.
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    ABSTRACT: The goal of the present work was to compare outcomes of definitive concurrent cisplatin-based chemoradiotherapy (CRT) with cetuximab-based bioradiotherapy (BRT) in locally advanced head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Between 2006 and 2012, 265 patients with locally advanced HNSCC were treated at our institution with CRT (n = 194; 73 %) with three cycles of cisplatin (100 mg/m(2), every 3 weeks) or BRT (n = 71; 27 %) with weekly cetuximab. Patients receiving BRT had more pre-existing conditions (Charlson index ≥ 2) than the CRT group (p = 0.005). Median follow-up was 29 months. In all, 56 % of patients treated with CRT received the planned three cycles (92 % at least two cycles) and 79 % patients treated with BRT received six cycles or more. The 2-year actuarial overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 72 % and 61 %, respectively. In the multivariate analysis (MVA), T4 stage, N2-3 stage, smoking status (current smoker as compared with never smoker), and non-oropharyngeal locations predicted for OS, whereas BRT association with OS was of borderline significance (p = 0.054). The 2-year actuarial locoregional control (LRC) and distant control (DC) rates were 73 and 79 %, respectively. CRT was independently associated with an improved LRC (2-year LRC: 76 % for CRT vs. 61 % for BRT) and DC (2-year LRC: 81 % for CRT vs. 68 % for BRT) in comparison with BRT (p < 0.001 and p = 0.01 in the MVA). Subgroup analyses showed that T4 patients benefited significantly from CRT (vs. BRT) in LRC, while T1-3 did not. BRT patients had more G3-4 skin complications (p < 0.001) and CRT patients had higher rates of feeding tube placement (p = 0.006) and G3-4 gastrointestinal toxicities (p < 0.001). This retrospective analysis showed a better LRC in locally advanced HNSCC treated by cisplatin-based CRT than cetuximab-based BRT, and a nonsignificant trend towards an improved OS.
    Strahlentherapie und Onkologie 03/2014; · 4.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We retrospectively reviewed the long-term outcome and late side effects of endometrial cancer (EC) patients treated with different techniques of postoperative radiotherapy (PORT). Between 1999 and 2012, 237 patients with EC were treated with PORT. Two-dimensional external beam radiotherapy (2D-EBRT) was used in 69 patients (30 %), three-dimensional EBRT (3D-EBRT) in 51 (21 %), and intensity-modulated RT (IMRT) with helical Tomotherapy in 47 (20 %). All patients received a vaginal brachytherapy (VB) boost. Seventy patients (29 %) received VB alone. After a median of 68 months (range, 6-154) of follow-up, overall survival was 75 % [95 % confidence interval (CI), 69-81], disease-free survival was 72 % (95% CI, 66-78), cancer-specific survival was 85 % (95 % CI, 80-89), and locoregional control was 86 % (95 % CI, 81-91). The 5-year estimates of grade 3 or more toxicity and second cancer rates were 0 and 7 % (95 % CI, 1-13) for VB alone, 6 % (95 % CI, 1-11) and 0 % for IMRT + VB, 9 % (95 % CI, 1-17) and 5 % (95 % CI, 1-9) for 3D-EBRT + VB, and 22 % (95 % CI, 12-32) and 12 % (95 % CI, 4-20) for 2D-EBRT + VB (P = 0.002 and P = 0.01), respectively. Pelvic EBRT should be tailored to patients with high-risk EC because the severe late toxicity observed might outweigh the benefits. When EBRT is prescribed for EC, IMRT should be considered, because it was associated with a significant reduction of severe late side effects.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 03/2014; · 4.12 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Clinical Oncology 12/2013; · 18.04 Impact Factor
  • Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie 12/2013; 140(12):S371. · 0.60 Impact Factor
  • Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie 12/2013; 140(12):S376–S377. · 0.60 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Clinical Oncology 11/2013; · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSECisplatin plus fluorouracil (PF) induction chemotherapy has been compared with taxane (docetaxel or paclitaxel), cisplatin, and fluorouracil (Tax-PF) in randomized trials in locoregionally advanced head and neck cancers (LAHNCs). The aim of this meta-analysis was to study the efficacy and toxicity of Tax-PF and PF and identify differences in outcomes in subsets of patients. METHODS Five randomized trials representing 1,772 patients were identified. Updated individual patient data (IPD) were retrieved for all trials. The log-rank test, stratified by trial, was used for comparison. Interaction or trend tests were used to study the interaction between covariates and treatment. 7.4%) in favor of Tax-PF. Heterogeneity was significant (P = .08, I(2) = 51%) and related to one trial. There was no more heterogeneity after exclusion of this trial (P = .99, I(2) = 0%), and HR of death was 0.72 (95% CI, 0.63 to 0.83) in favor of Tax-PF. There was no interaction between treatment effect and the following patient covariates: age, sex, performance status, tumor stage, or site. Tax-PF was associated with significant reductions of progression, locoregional failure, and distant failure compared with PF, with HRs of 0.78 (95% CI, 0.69 to 0.87; P < .001), 0.79 (95% CI, 0.66 to 0.94; P = .007), and 0.63 (95% CI, 0.45 to 0.89; P = .009) respectively. CONCLUSION This IPD meta-analysis shows the superiority of Tax-PF over PF as induction chemotherapy. Its precise role in the management of LAHNC remains to be determined.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 07/2013; · 18.04 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Clinical Oncology. 07/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: This study sought to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of oral etoposide in combination with radiotherapy in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC).Patients and Methods: Phase I, multicenter, open-labelled, non-comparative and dose escalating trial. Patients with locally advanced HNSCC were enrolled onto cohorts of escalating dose of etoposide. Oral etoposide was administered on five consecutive days every week for 7 weeks (7 treatment cycles) in combination with daily radiotherapy (70Gy /35 fractions). Two dose levels (25 mg/day and 50 mg/day) of etoposide were planned and three to six patients were to be enrolled at each level according to the potential DLTs. RESULTS: Fourteen patients were allocated to two dose levels: 25 mg/day (3) and 50 mg/day (11). Cisplatin was contra-indicated in all the patients included. Only one patient (50 mg/day) presents a grade 4 neutropenia (DLT), no other DLTs were observed. The most frequently adverse events (AEs) were radiomucositis. Two deaths before 3 months of end of treatment were not related to treatment. Seven patients were still alive with a median follow-up of 30 months (12--58 months). Nine patients had a complete response (CR) at 3 months after the radiotherapy; Among the 9 patients, 3 patients had a local relapse; one patient with local and distant relapse. CONCLUSION: Due to only one DLT experienced, it is possible to a dose of 50 mg/day for phase II studies, however this should be considered with caution.
    Radiation Oncology 02/2013; 8(1):40. · 2.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Esthesioneuroblastomas, also called olfactory neuroblastomas (ENB) represent a rare sinonasal neurectodermal tumour which prognostic factors are unsteadily described. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical and pathological characteristics were analysed in patients treated at Gustave Roussy Institute between 1979 and 2009. RESULTS: Out of 63 patients, 19 patients were reclassified and 44 patients were eligible for the analysis. Multivariate analysis revealed that T staging of the modified Dulguerov TNM staging and Hyams grade>III (that we termed high-grade ENB) were the only independent prognostic factors for overall survival (OS). As compared to patients with low-grade ENB (Hyams grade⩽III), patients with high-grade ENB have higher T4 staging (p=0.02), have frequent lymph node involvement (p=0.009) and are more often unresectable (p=0.005). Resected patients with high-grade ENB frequently displayed mainly leptomeningeal metastasis (n=4/6) in contrast to patients with low-grade ENB who typically experience late loco-regional recurrence (n=10/25). With a median follow-up of 9.6years, median DFS and OS for resected low-grade ENB were 5.4 and 20.5years, respectively. Conversely, median DFS and OS for high-grade ENB were 1.5 and 2.5years, respectively. CONCLUSION: Low and high-grade ENB display distinct patterns at presentation and relapse, leading to different prognosis. Therefore, they may be regarded as distinct entities.
    European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 01/2013; · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To report the long-term results after definitive radiotherapy (RT) for pyriform sinus squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data concerning all patients treated for pyriform sinus SCC with RT with a curative intent between 1990 and 2006 were reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 249 patients were included. The median follow-up is 6.5years. Overall 123 patients had relapsed. For the entire population, the 5-year local control, regional control, freedom-from-distant metastasis, and overall survival rate were 68%, 69%, 78% and 38%, respectively. The 5-year local control rate for the 107 T1-T2 tumors was 85% (95% confidence interval (CI): 75-91). N stage was the main risk factor for the development of distant metastases, with a hazard ratio of 8.9 (95% CI: 2.1-39) and 15.6 (95% CI: 3.6-67.8) for N2 and N3 patients respectively. For patients with N2-N3 disease, pre-RT neck dissection improved regional control but not overall survival. Moderate to severe late complications occurred in 50 patients (28% of the patients without local relapse). CONCLUSION: A high local control rate can be achieved when treating T1-T2 hypopharynx cancers with definitive radiotherapy. The high rate of nodal and distant relapses among patients with N2-N3 disease warrants intensification of therapy.
    Radiotherapy and Oncology 10/2012; · 4.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: There is considerable interest in approaches that could improve the therapeutic window of radiotherapy. In this study, hafnium oxide nanoparticles were designed that concentrate in tumor cells to achieve intracellular high-energy dose deposit. Materials & methods: Conventional methods were used, implemented in different ways, to explore interactions of these high-atomic-number nanoparticles and ionizing radiation with biological systems. Results: Using the Monte Carlo simulation, these nanoparticles, when exposed to high-energy photons, were shown to demonstrate an approximately ninefold radiation dose enhancement compared with water. Importantly, the nanoparticles show satisfactory dispersion and persistence within the tumor and they form clusters in the cytoplasm of cancer cells. Marked antitumor activity is demonstrated in human cancer models. Safety is similar in treated and control animals as demonstrated by a broad program of toxicology evaluation. Conclusion: These findings, supported by good tolerance, provide the basis for developing this new type of nanoparticle as a promising anticancer approach in human patients.
    Future Oncology 09/2012; 8(9):1167-81. · 3.20 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

6k Citations
1,215.60 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014
    • Groupe Oncologie Radiothérapie Tête et Cou, GORTEC
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2013–2014
    • University Hospital of Lausanne
      • Service de radio-oncologie
      Lausanne, Vaud, Switzerland
  • 2000–2014
    • Institut de Cancérologie Gustave Roussy
      • Department of Radiotherapy
      Île-de-France, France
  • 2003–2011
    • Centre Jean Perrin
      Clermont, Auvergne, France
  • 2009
    • Institute of Cancer Research
      Londinium, England, United Kingdom
  • 2004–2009
    • Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire (IRSN)
      Fontenay, Île-de-France, France
  • 2008
    • Άγιος Σάββας Αντικαρκινικό Νοσοκομείο
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
  • 2007
    • University of Chicago
      • Department of Medicine
      Chicago, IL, United States
    • University of Groningen
      • Department of Radiotherapy
      Groningen, Province of Groningen, Netherlands
  • 1992–1994
    • Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
      • Department of Pediatrics
      New York City, NY, United States