D Hirata

Jichi Medical University, Totigi, Tochigi, Japan

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Publications (60)225.56 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether antiribosomal P protein antibodies (anti-P) are present in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and if presence of anti-P in CSF is more strongly related to the appearance of neuropsychiatric SLE (NPSLE) than anti-P in serum. CSF and serum samples from 70 patients with SLE were used. Patients were divided into 4 groups: 21 patients with neurologic syndromes of the central nervous system (CNS); 19 patients with diffuse psychiatric/neuropsychological syndromes; 10 patients with complex presentations (neurologic syndromes of the CNS plus diffuse psychiatric/neuropsychological syndromes); and 20 patients without NPSLE based on diagnostic criteria for 19 NPSLE syndromes proposed by the American College of Rheumatology. IgG anti-P in CSF and serum samples were detected by Western blotting using rat liver ribosomes. Inhibition assay was performed using 5 anti-P-positive CSF samples preincubated with synthetic ribosomal P peptide. Western blotting results were compared with those from ELISA with synthetic ribosomal P peptide as antigen. The association of CSF and serum anti-P with NPSLE was analyzed. CSF and serum IgG anti-P by Western blotting were detected, respectively, in 20 (28.6%) and 32 (45.7%) of 70 patients. The presence of IgG anti-P by Western blotting in the CSF was supported by positive results in the inhibition assay and significant association with CSF IgG anti-P titers by ELISA. The frequency of CSF anti-P by Western blotting in SLE patients with serum anti-P was significantly higher than in SLE patients without serum anti-P (18/32 vs 2/38; p < 0.001). The frequency of CSF anti-P by Western blotting in patients with NPSLE was significantly higher than in patients without NPSLE (19/50 vs 1/20; p < 0.01). The frequency of CSF anti-P by Western blotting in the group with complex presentations (10/10) was significantly higher than in the other 3 groups [neurologic syndromes of CNS (5/21); diffuse psychiatric/neuropsychological syndromes (4/19); and patients without NPSLE (1/20)] (p < 0.001). The frequency of serum anti-P by Western blotting in patients with NPSLE was not significantly higher than in patients without NPSLE (25/50 vs 7/20; p = 0.192). These results suggest that the presence of IgG anti-P in CSF of SLE patients may be involved in the appearance of NPSLE, especially in complex presentations. Measurement of IgG anti-P in CSF by Western blotting may be more useful for diagnosis of NPSLE than measurements in serum.
    The Journal of Rheumatology 01/2005; 32(1):34-9. · 3.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 56-year old Japanese female was admitted to our hospital because of the increased levels of serum AST, ALT, and gamma-GTP. She was diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus in September, 1996 and had been on a regular glucocorticoid therapy since then. Abdominal ultrasonography showed the mild fatty liver, and hepatic histopathology revealed a typical and remarkable steatohepatitis, a remarkable neutrophil infiltration, and Mallory bodies. Because she had no history of alcohol-drinking, diagnosis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) was made. Treatment was started with a low-calorie diet, bed-rest, and an oral administration of alpha-tocopherol and bezafibrate with favorable effects on her serum levels of AST, ALT, gamma-GTP, and LDH. When a patient on a glucocorticoid therapy shows signs of fatty liver, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, an insulin resistance, NASH should be considered as one of the differential diagnosis. This is particularly important since proper therapy with a low-calorie diet and drugs with anti-oxidant activities improve this potentially progressive disease before resulting in liver cirrhosis and hepatic carcinoma.
    Ryūmachi. [Rheumatism] 11/2003; 43(4):667-71.
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    ABSTRACT: The 47-kDa heat shock protein (HSP47) is an endoplasmic reticulum molecular chaperone that assists in the maturation of collagen molecules and whose expression is known to be upregulated in lesions of fibrotic diseases. We examined the levels of HSP47 protein and autoantibodies to HSP47 in the sera of patients with rheumatic autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjögren's syndrome, and mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunoblot analysis. Patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) were assessed as an example of non-autoimmune fibrotic disease. HSP47 antigen and autoantibody levels are significantly elevated in the sera of the rheumatic autoimmune disease patients, but not in the sera of the IPF patients. The sera of the MCTD patients showed particularly high levels of HSP47 antigen relative to healthy controls (1.99+/-0.22 vs 0.41+/-0.07 ng/ml). Autoantibodies to HSP47 were also in high levels in the sera of MCTD patients. These results suggest that simultaneous occurrence of systemic inflammation and upregulation of HSP47 caused leakage of HSP47 from fibrotic lesions into the peripheral blood, and the leaked antigen induced high titer of autoantibodies to HSP47. The high levels of HSP47 antigen and autoantibody may be useful blood markers of MCTD.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 05/2003; 303(2):413-8. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    Arthritis & Rheumatology 01/2003; 46(12):3388-9. · 7.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the role of immune complexes in the prostanoid metabolism of glomerular capillary endothelial cells (EC) and platelets in lupus nephritis. Heat aggregated IgG (HA-IgG), instead of immune complexes, was incubated using an in vitro coculture system with human umbilical vein EC, instead of glomerular capillary EC, and platelets. The effect of complement component C1q and a novel imidazole-type thromboxane A2 (TXA2) synthetase inhibitor, DP-1904, on this prostanoid metabolism change was also investigated. EC monolayers (1.5x10(5) cells/well) were incubated with various concentrations of HA-IgG, monomeric IgG, or medium alone for 1 h at 37 degrees C, and then incubated with platelet suspensions (1x10(8) cells/ml) for various times. Concentrations of TXB2 and 6-keto-prostaglandin F(1alpha) (6-keto-PGF(1alpha)), the stable hydrolysis products of TXA2 and prostaglandin I2 (PGI2), respectively, released in the supernatants were measured by ELISA. HA-IgG bound to EC monolayers produced TXB2 and 6-keto-PGF(1alpha) in a concentration dependent manner and much more than monomeric IgG or medium alone did. However, the production of 6-keto-PGF(1alpha) stimulated with HA-IgG was much lower than that of TXB2, indicating a large imbalance between TXA2 and PGI2. Preincubation of HA-IgG with purified C1q partially suppressed the production of TXB2, but not that of 6-keto-PGF(1alpha). DP-1904 suppressed the production of TXB2 completely, but by sharp contrast, it dramatically increased the production of 6-keto-PGF(1alpha) from EC and platelets by HA-IgG. The large imbalance of TXA2 and PGI2 produced by the interaction of EC, immune complexes, and platelets may be associated with alterations in glomerular pathological findings and hemodynamics mediated by immune complexes in lupus nephritis. C1q and a TXA2 synthetase inhibitor may improve the abnormal prostanoid metabolism change of lupus nephritis.
    The Journal of Rheumatology 11/2002; 29(10):2106-13. · 3.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 33-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of intractable cellulitis in his left lower leg. He was diagnosed with agammaglobulinemia at the age of 6 years and had been receiving gamma-globulin supplementation since then. Laboratory examination revealed a markedly reduced number of B cells, decreased protein amount of Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) in monocytes, and a single base substitution of C994-->T(missense mutation of Arg288-->Trp) in BTK gene, confirming the diagnosis of X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA). The patient also had characteristic features of von Recklinghausen disease, such as numerous subcutaneous nodules, café-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules in the iris and spinal scoliosis. Biopsy of a subcutaneous nodule confirmed a neurofibroma. Although the influence of XLA on the development of von Recklinghausen disease is unknown for the moment, this is, to our knowledge, the first report of a patient with XLA who also developed von Recklinghausen disease.
    Internal Medicine 11/2002; 41(11):1039-43. · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Th2 and Th1 cells have been suggested to express CCR3/CCR4 and CCR5/CXCR3, respectively. We examined CCR3, CCR4, CCR5 and CXCR3 expression and cytokine production in peripheral blood CD4+ T cells from patients with atopic dermatitis (AD), which has been postulated to be a Th2-type cell-mediated disease, and then analysed the possible correlation between these values and the levels of several clinical parameters. Intracellular cytokine production and chemokine receptor expression in peripheral blood CD4+ T cells from 40 AD patients and 20 sex- and age-matched healthy control subjects were studied by flow cytometry. The frequencies of IL-4- and IL-13-producing CD4+ T cells from patients with AD were significantly higher than those from healthy control subjects (IL-4:3.9 +/- 2.1% vs. 1.6 +/- 0.7%, P = 0.0005, IL-13:4.0 +/- 2.1% vs. 1.8 +/- 0.8%, P = 0.0023), whereas the frequencies of IL-2- and IFN-gamma-producing CD4+ T cells were significantly decreased in AD patients (IL-2:38.1 +/- 10.3% vs. 51.3 +/- 6.3%, P = 0.0003, IFN-gamma: 9.9 +/- 3.5% vs. 26.4 +/- 4.6%, P < 0.0001). The percentage of CCR4+ cells in CD4+ CD45RO+ T cells in AD patients was significantly higher than that in healthy control subjects (24.4 +/- 8.0% vs. 10.9 +/- 2.3%, P < 0.0001) and was correlated positively with the total serum IgE, serum lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) level, eosinophil number, eruption score, and IL-4 and IL-13 secretion in CD4+ T cells, and inversely with IL-2 and IFN-gamma secretion in CD4+ T cells. In contrast, CCR3 was not detected on circulating CD4+ T cells even in AD patients. On the other hand, the percentage of CCR5+ or CXCR3+ cells in CD4+ CD45RO+ T cells in AD patients was significantly decreased (CCR5:23.2 +/- 7.0% vs. 28.4 +/- 5.4%, P = 0.023, CXCR3:29.9 +/- 11.4% vs. 38.5 +/- 6.7%, P = 0.028) and was positively correlated with eruption score (P < 0.05). Multiple regression analyses showed that the percentage of CCR4 expression highly correlated with serum IgE, LDH, eosinophil number and eruption in AD patients. CCR4+ cells might be involved in the aetiopathogenesis of AD.
    Clinical & Experimental Allergy 08/2002; 32(8):1236-42. · 4.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract We report a case of hypocalcemic myopathy confounded by polymyositis due to an elevated level of serum creatine kinase (CK). A 30-year-old man was referred to our hospital for the treatment of provisionally diagnosed polymyositis. His presentation with tetany, hyporeflexia, and general fatigue, in addition to muscle weakness on admission, prompted us to scrutinize a blood sample in search of secondary myopathy. Blood chemistry revealed an elevated level of serum CK, marked hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, and a low serum level of intact parathyroid hormone. The Ellsworth Howard test confirmed the diagnosis of hypoparathyroidism. Supplementation with calcium and 1α-hydroxyvitamin D3 improved his muscle weakness rapidly, and his serum CK level returned to the normal range. Hypoparathyroidism should be included in differential diagnoses of elevated serum CK.
    Modern Rheumatology 06/2002; 12(2):186-189. · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE To examine the effects of a novel immunosuppressant, FTY720, on hematolymphoid cells and the clinical course of MRL-lpr/lpr (MRL/lpr) mice genetically predisposed to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Apoptosis of hematolymphoid cells was determined in vitro by FACScan after staining with propidium iodide or merocyanine 540. From 4 months of age, 15 female MRL/lpr mice received oral administration of 2 mg/kg each of FTY720, methylprednisolone (mPSL), or vehicle, 3 times per week. Therapeutic efficacy was evaluated by levels of anti-dsDNA antibodies in serum and the survival rate. In parallel, T cell proliferation and secretion of interleukin 2 (IL-2) induced by anti-CD3, phenotypes of the spleen, lymph node and bone marrow cells, as well as immunohistochemistry of the kidney, were examined in vitro. FTY720 at 2 microM induced apoptosis in more than 70% of double negative (CD4-/CD8-) T cells from the spleen of MRL/lpr mice in vitro. Oral FTY720 was tolerated well with no apparent side effects. FTY720 treated and control mice gained weight at an identical pace through to 9 months of age. FTY720 significantly suppressed the production of anti-dsDNA antibodies (FTY720 vs control: 1739 +/- 898 U/ml vs 410 +/- 356 U/ml at 8 months of age; p < 0.05) and reduced the deposition of IgG in glomeruli compared to control animals. At 9 months of age, the survival rate in the FTY720 treated mice was 86.9% compared to 33.0% in controls (p < 0.01). FTY720 decreased the number of double negative T cells from the spleen and lymph nodes in vivo, and increased T cell proliferation and IL-2 secretion induced by anti-CD3 stimulation in vitro. FTY720 suppressed the development of autoimmunity and prolonged the lifespan of female MRL/lpr mice. Suppression of autoimmunity, at least in part, may have resulted from an apoptogenic potential of FTY720. Hence, it could be useful for primary or adjunctive therapy of human SLE.
    The Journal of Rheumatology 04/2002; 29(4):707-16. · 3.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Accurate chromosome segregation is dependent upon the integrity of mitotic spindles, which pull each pair of sister chromatids towards opposite poles. In this study, we have characterised fission yeast pop3-5235, a diploidising mutant that is impaired in genome stability. Pop3 is the same as Wat1, a conserved protein containing 7 WD repeats. Pop3/Wat1 has also been isolated from a two-hybrid screen as a binding partner to Prp2, the large subunit of the essential splicing factor U2AF. In wat1 mutants, the cellular amount of alpha-tubulin is decreased to very low levels, which results in compromised microtubules and spindles, consequently leading to unequal chromosome separation. Further analysis shows that, in spite of the binding between Wat1 and Prp2, Wat1 may not be involved directly in splicing reactions per se. Instead, we find that Wat1 is required for the maintenance of alpha-tubulin mRNA levels; moreover, transcript levels of genes other than the alpha-tubulin gene are also equally decreased in this mutant. Wild-type Wat1, but not the mutant protein, forms a large complex in the cell with several other proteins, suggesting that Wat1 functions as a structural linker in the complex. The results suggest that Wat1 plays a role in mRNA maturation as a coupling protein between splicing and synthesis and/or stabilisation.
    Journal of Cell Science 09/2001; 114(Pt 16):2911-20. · 5.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 17-year-old girl had been placed with ventriculoperitoneal, then ventriculoatrial shunts for congenital hydrocephalus since birth. The patient originally was diagnosed as having a lupus-like disease, but later turned out to have shunt nephritis, presenting with fever, proteinuria, pancytopenia, and hypocomplementemia. Antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody specific for proteinase 3 (PR3-ANCA) was detected in her serum. The patient received oral prednisolone and repeated methylprednisolone pulses, with essentially no beneficial effects. A gram-positive coccus, Gemella morbillorum, was recovered from her blood as well as cerebrospinal fluid, and the culture of the shunt catheter established the diagnosis of shunt nephritis. Removal of the shunt catheter improved symptoms dramatically and decreased PR3-ANCA in serum to an undetectable level. Because steroids had no effects and the control of bacterial infection lowered PR3-ANCA levels, the antibody would have been induced by continuous infection with G morbillorum.
    American Journal of Kidney Diseases 06/2001; 37(5):E38. · 5.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a serine/threonine phosphatase distributed in eukaryotes from yeast to human, and plays pivotal roles in diverse cellular functions such as metabolism, cell cycle progression, gene expression and development. PP2A holoenzyme is a heterodimer of a catalytic subunit C and a regulatory subunit A, or a heterotrimer of C, A and a variable regulatory subunit consisting of three families; B, B', and PR72. Specific functions for each variable subunit are not well understood. Two fission yeast genes pbp1+ and pbp2+ homologous to the regulatory subunit B' were isolated. Physical in vivo interaction of the gene products with the catalytic subunit was demonstrated. A double disruption haploid mutant (Deltapbp1Deltapbp2) showed growth defect, cell shape and size abnormality, multiseptation and anucleated cell formation due to abnormality in septum positioning. These phenotypes were suppressed by human B' cDNA, indicating the striking conservation of the B' function from yeast to human. Over-expression of fission yeast B' led to growth defects, a loss of cell shape polarity, septal abnormality and anucleated cell formation. Deltapbp1Deltapbp2 and pbp1 null haploids were hypersensitive to calcineurin inhibitors, cyclosporin A and FK506, with which the mutants underwent arrest at post-anaphase and cell lysis. Double disruption of calcineurin and pbp1+, but not pbp2+, genes led to synthetic lethality. The fission yeast B' subunit of PP2A plays critical roles in cell shape control and septum formation, and shares essential functions with calcineurin for viability, possibly through their roles in cytokinesis and cell wall integrity.
    Genes to Cells 06/2001; 6(5):455-73. · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Ca2+-activated pathways of Saccharomyces cerevisiae induce a delay in the onset of mitosis through the activation of Swe1, a negative regulatory kinase that inhibits the Cdc28-Clb complex. Calcineurin and Mpk1 activate Swe1 at the transcriptional and post-translational level, respectively, and both pathways are essential for the cell cycle delay. Our genetic screening identified the MCK1 gene, which encodes a glycogen synthetase kinase-3 family protein kinase, as a component of the Ca2+ signaling pathway. Genetic analyses indicated that Mck1 functions downstream of the Mpk1 pathway and down-regulates Hsl1, an inhibitory kinase of Swe1. In medium with a high concentration of Ca2+, Hsl1 was delocalized from the bud neck and destabilized in a manner dependent on both calcineurin and Mck1. Calcineurin was required for the dephosphorylation of autophosphorylated Hsl1. The E3 ubiquitin ligase complex SCF(Cdc4), but not the anaphase-promoting complex (APC), was essential for Hsl1 destabilization. The Ca2+-activated pathway may play a role in the rapid inactivation of Hsl1 at the cell cycle stage(s) when APC activity is low.
    The EMBO Journal 04/2001; 20(5):1074-85. · 9.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the mechanism coupling growth (protein synthesis) with cell division, we examined the relationship between the tyrosine kinase Wee1 that inhibits Cdc2-Cdc13 mitosis-inducing kinase by phosphorylating it, and protein synthesis inhibition in fission yeast. The wee1-50 mutant showed supersensitivity to protein synthesis inhibitor, cycloheximide. Wee1 was essential for the G(2) delay upon a partial inhibition of protein synthesis. Indeed, the protein synthesis inhibition caused an increase in the Wee1 protein by the Sty1/Spc1 MAPK-dependent transcriptional and the Sty1/Spc1 MAPK-independent post-transcriptional regulations. Further, the results indicated that the post-transcriptional regulation is important for the G(2) delay.
    FEBS Letters 01/2001; 486(3):305-9. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To elucidate the autoantigen against which autoantibodies are produced in the earliest phase of the disease process of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), serum samples were collected individually and serially from 10 NZB/NZW F1 and 10 MRL/lpr mice. Using immunoblots with mouse thymoma cell (EL-4) lysates as substrates, all mice were found to generate autoantibody against an either 150-kDa, 110-kDa, 75-kDa, or 55-kDa molecule in as early as 4 weeks. Anti-DNA antibodies occurred almost at the same time or after those against these four molecules. The number of antigens reactive with autoantibodies in immunoblots increased gradually with age. Antibodies against histone molecules were produced after 8 weeks of age. Among the four antigens, the 110-kDa molecule was identified as nucleolin, which is an abundant nucleolar phosphoprotein. Nucleolin binds DNA, RNA, and nucleic acid-binding proteins such as histone H1. Nucleolin is a target of granzyme A of cytotoxic T cells, and autoantibodies against it are found in sera from patients with SLE as well as from those with various viral infections. These results indicate that nucleolin is one of the immunodominant molecules that break down self-tolerance and initiate autoantibody-spreading in a mouse model of SLE.
    Clinical Immunology 11/2000; 97(1):50-8. · 3.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chaperonin CCT containing t-complex polypeptide 1 is a cytosolic molecular chaperone that assists in the folding of actin, tubulin, and other proteins and is a member of the 60-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp60) family. We examined antibody titers against human CCT and other Hsp60 family members in the sera of patients with rheumatic autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematodes, Sjögren syndrome, and mixed connective tissue disease. Autoantibody titers against not only human mitochondrial Hsp60 but also CCT were significantly higher in the sera of patients with rheumatic autoimmune diseases than in healthy control sera. Although immunoglobulin G (IgG) titers against Escherichia coli GroEL were high in all the groups of sera tested, no significant differences in anti-GroEL responses were detected between patients and healthy controls. IgG titers against mycobacterial Hsp65 showed a similar pattern to titers of autoantibodies recognizing GroEL. Immunoabsorption experiments demonstrated that most of the autoantibodies recognizing CCT were cross-reactive with mitochondrial Hsp60, E coli GroEL, and mycobacterial Hsp65. Although most of the anti-Hsp60 IgG recognized CCT, anti-GroEL (or antimycobacterial Hsp65) IgG contained antibodies specific for GroEL (or mycobacterial Hsp65) in addition to antibodies cross-reactive with CCT and Hsp60. Results from immunoblot analyses, together with weak (15% to 20%) amino acid sequence identities between CCT and the other Hsp60 family members, suggested that CCT-reactive autoantibodies recognize conformational epitopes that are conserved among CCT and other Hsp60 family members.
    Cell Stress and Chaperones 11/2000; · 2.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An inappropriate activation of a signaling pathway in yeast often has a deleterious physiological effect and causes various defects, including growth defects. In a certain genetic background (deltazds1) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the cell-cycle progression in G2 is specifically blocked in the medium with CaCl2 by the hyperactivation of the Ca2+-signaling pathways. Here, we developed a novel drug screening procedure designed to detect the active compounds that specifically attenuate the Ca2+-signaling activity on the basis of the ability to abrogate the growth defect of the cells suffering from the hyperactivated Ca2+ signal. Using known calcineurin inhibitors as model compounds, we have established the screening conditions for the drugs that suppress the Ca2+-induced growth inhibition. An indicator strain with an increased drug sensitivity was constructed with a syr1/erg3 null mutation.
    Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 10/2000; 64(9):1942-6. · 1.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A fifteen-year-old boy was admitted to our hospital because of lower abdominal pain, watery diarrhea and mucobloody stool. Two years before admission, he was diagnosed to have Still's disease presenting with polyarthritis, sore throat, remittent fever and typical skin rash. He had been treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents, oral prednisolone and low-dose methotrexate. Although he was almost free of symptoms during the next two years, serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels continued to be elevated moderately. He began to complain of lower abdominal pain and loose stool in May 1997 and came down with mucous-bloody diarrhea in June. Laboratory data on admission showed an elevated level of serum CRP (13.9 mg/dl). The biopsy of the stomach, ileum, sigmoid colon and rectum revealed the deposition of amyloid protein of AA type, which confirmed the diagnosis of secondary amyloidosis. The dose of prednisolone was increased and dimethyl sulfoxide per os or rectum was instituted, which improved his gastro-intestinal symptoms to some extent. However, fever, arthritis and diarrhea recurred along with tapered prednisolone dosage. In addition to gastro-intestinal symptoms, arrhythmia and proteinuria appeared. These symptoms were considered to reflect general deposition of amyloid in his body. He is now on immunosuppressive agent and high-dose prednisolone. Several studies report the higher frequency of gamma-allele of SAA 1 gene in the cases of rheumatoid arthritis with AA-amyloidosis than in those without. In the patient presented here, molecular biological analysis revealed that his SAA 1 gene was composed of beta- and gamma-allele. The presence of gamma-allele in his SAA 1 gene might be one of the factors that predisposed him for generalized deposition of amyloid protein in such a short period of time.
    Ryūmachi. [Rheumatism] 07/2000; 40(3):633-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the mechanism of autoimmune phenomena, occasionally seen in patients with rheumatoid arthritis treated with bucillamine (BUC) and D-penicillamine (D-Pen), by evaluating their effects on apoptosis of T cells induced by T cell receptor activation or dexamethasone. In vitro apoptosis was induced in a T cell hybridoma (SSP3.7) and a B cell line (WEHI 231) by activation of respective receptors or dexamethasone, in the presence or absence of BUC or D-Pen. In vivo apoptosis was induced in BALB/c mice by staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB), with or without BUC or D-Pen, and thymocytes were examined for it by FACS. Stimulation with anti-CD3 and dexamethasone induced apoptosis in 72% and 71% of SSP3.7 cells, respectively. However, only 16% of SSP3.7 cells became apoptotic by anti-CD3 when BUC was added to the culture media. By contrast, 80% of SSP3.7 cells became apoptotic when stimulated by dexamethasone, even in the presence of BUC. BUC did not affect apoptosis of WEHI 231 cells induced by anti-IgM. Although SA981 (a metabolite of BUC) inhibited apoptosis of SSP3.7 cells induced by anti-CD3, D-Pen did not. BUC, SA981, or D-Pen did not significantly influence the level of interleukin 2 secretion stimulated by anti-CD3. In contrast, both BUC and D-Pen inhibited apoptosis of Vbeta8+ thymocytes induced in vivo by SEB superantigen. Neither BUC nor D-Pen significantly changed the number of CD4+CD8+ thymocytes in BALB/c mice injected with dexamethasone. BUC decreased, while D-Pen did not, the apoptosis of T cells stimulated by anti-CD3 in vitro, although they both inhibited the deletion of immature thymocytes reactive with SEB in vivo. This may explain autoimmune phenomena sometimes seen during the treatment of rheumatic patients with these drugs.
    The Journal of Rheumatology 07/2000; 27(6):1358-64. · 3.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The frequency, clinical profile, treatment and outcome of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) were assessed retrospectively, based on the case records of SLE of the Jichi Medical School Hospital over a 20 year period. Clinically defined SAH was found in 10 (3.9%) out of 258 SLE patients, which represented a frequency higher than previously assumed. Five patients had active SLE and lacked an apparent cause of SAH, other than SLE. A high mortality rate (5/5), no visible aneurysm on angiogram (3/4), and an onset during intractable SLE or after discontinued or no steroid therapy because of medical noncompliance (4/5) were characteristic of patients with active SLE, and thus an earlier successful suppression of SLE, if possible, might have prevented their SAH. In contrast, in the 5 patients with inactive SLE, 2 out of 3 saccular aneurysms were successfully clipped and small bleeding of one patient without aneurysms remitted spontaneously without the need for additional steroid therapy. When one death, which occurred outside of medical care, was excluded, the survival ratio of the hospitalized SAH patients with inactive SLE was significantly better than that with active SLE (3/4 versus 0/5, P=0.0476). In conclusion, the relatively common occurrence of SAH in SLE patients, and a significantly different clinical impact of SAH in respect to active and inactive SLE, were suggested from the results.
    Lupus 02/2000; 9(7):521-6. · 2.78 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
225.56 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1999–2005
    • Jichi Medical University
      • Division of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology
      Totigi, Tochigi, Japan
    • WWF United Kingdom
      Londinium, England, United Kingdom
  • 1993–2000
    • Hiroshima University
      • • Department of Molecular Biotechnology
      • • Faculty of Engineering
      • • Graduate School of Engineering
      Hiroshima-shi, Hiroshima-ken, Japan
  • 1995
    • Kyoto University
      • Department of Biophysics
      Kyoto, Kyoto-fu, Japan