Angelo Branzi

University of Bologna, Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, Italy

Are you Angelo Branzi?

Claim your profile

Publications (430)1483.82 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The use of high-sensitivity cardiac Troponin T (hs-cTnT) assay might lead to overdiagnosis and overtreatment of Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS). This study assessed the epidemiological, clinical and prognostic impact of introducing hs-cTnT in the everyday clinical practice of an Emergency Department.
    European heart journal. Acute cardiovascular care. 08/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the relationship between ECG patterns and infarct related artery (IRA) in an all-comer population with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and validate current criteria for identifying IRA (right coronary artery (RCA) versus left circumflex artery (LCA)) in inferior STEMI and for diagnosing left main (LM) or left anterior descendent artery occlusion (LAD) in anterior STEMI. We retrospectively analysed ECGs at presentation and coronary angiogram in 885 consecutive patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Six ECG patterns were identified: anterior-STEMI (n=433; 49.0%), inferior-STEMI (i=365; 43.0%), lateral-STEMI (n=43; 5.0%), left bundle branch block (n=26; 3.0%), posterior-STEMI (n=7; 1.0%) and de Winter sign (n=7; 1.0%). The last two ECG patterns were univocally associated with LCA and proximal LAD occlusion respectively. In patients with inferior STEMI, predefined ECG algorithms showed high sensitivity(>90%) for RCA occlusion and high specificity(>90%) for LCA. The diagnostic performance was mainly determined by RCA dominance. In anterior STEMI the vectorial analysis of ST deviation in both frontal and horizontal planes could identify patients with LM/proximal LAD occlusion (adjusted-odds ratio for in-hospital mortality =2.45, 95% confidence interval: 1.31-4.56, p = 0.005) with low sensitivity (maximum 60%; using ST-depression in lead II, III, aVF + ΣSTE aVR + V1-ST depression V6≥0) and high specificity (maximum 95%; using ST-depression in inferior leads + ST-depression in V6). In STEMI undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention, six ECG patterns can be identified with a non-univocal relationship to the IRA. In inferior STEMI, vectorial analysis of ST deviation identifies IRA with a high appropriateness only when RCA is the dominant artery. In anterior STEMI, criteria derived from both frontal and horizontal planes identify LM/proximal LAD occlusion with high specificity but low sensitivity.
    European heart journal. Acute cardiovascular care. 04/2014;
  • Source
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objective was to report recent trends in the incidence, adoption of evidence-based treatment, and clinical outcomes for first-time hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction. This is a large retrospective population-based cohort study using medical administrative data (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification, codes) performed in the Emilia-Romagna Region of Italy (approximately 4.5 million inhabitants). We identified 60,673 patients with a first hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction from 2002 through 2009. The standardized incidence rate per 100,000 person-years of acute myocardial infarction increased from 173 cases in 2002 to a peak of 197 cases in 2004 and then decreased each year thereafter to 167 cases in 2009. The proportion of patients who underwent coronary angiography and angioplasty in the acute phase increased over time, respectively, from 45.4% and 27.1% to 72.3% and 57.2% (P < .001). Medication use within 12 months of discharge increased for aspirin, β-blockers, and statins. A reduction in crude and adjusted in-hospital all-cause (16.1% in 2002 vs 12.8% in 2009, P < .001) and cardiovascular mortality (13.6% in 2002 vs 9.5% in 2009, P < .001) was observed over time. At 1 year after hospital discharge, no significant variations occurred in adjusted risk for all-cause mortality or cardiovascular mortality. Notably, crude and adjusted risk for in-hospital and postdischarge bleeding showed a significant increment. The utilization of evidence-based treatments in patients with myocardial infarction increased between 2002 and 2009. These changes in practice over time favored a reduction in early case fatality at the cost of a significant increase in bleeding.
    American heart journal 11/2013; 166(5):846-54. · 4.65 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: First generation drug-eluting stents (DES) which impart the controlled release of sirolimus or paclitaxel from durable polymers to the vessel wall have been consistently shown to reduce the risk of restenosis and target vessel revascularization compared to bare metal stents (BMS). However, stent thrombosis (ST) emerged as a major safety concern with first generation DES early after their adoption in clinical practice, requiring prolonged dual anti-platelet therapy. Pathological studies have shown that first generation DES are associated with delayed arterial healing and polymer hypersensitivity reactions resulting in chronic inflammation, predisposing to late and very late ST. Second generation DES have been developed to overcome these issues with improved stent designs and construction and the use of biocompatible and bioabsorbable polymers. Meta-analyses have shown that the thin-strut, fluoropolymer coated cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stent (CoCr-EES) may be associated with lower rates of definite ST than other DES, and unexpectedly, even lower than BMS. The thin-strut structure of the stent platform, the thromboresistant properties of the fluoropolymer, and the reduced polymer and drug load may contribute to the low rate of ST with CoCr-EES. The notion of a DES being safer than a BMS represents a paradigm shift in the evolution of percutaneous coronary intervention. The relative safety and efficacy of fluoropolymer coated CoCr-EES, DES with bioabsorbable polymers and fully bioresorbable scaffolds is the subject of numerous ongoing large-scale trials.
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 09/2013; · 14.09 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Although some trials have reported that on-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery may be associated with higher rates of stroke than percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), whether stroke is more common after off-pump CABG compared with PCI is unknown. We therefore sought to determine whether off-pump CABG is associated with an increased risk of stroke compared with PCI by means of network meta-analysis. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing CABG vs PCI were searched through MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane databases, and proceedings of international meetings. RESULTS: Eighty-three RCTs with 22,729 patients randomized to on-pump CABG (n = 10,957), off-pump CABG (n = 7,119), or PCI (n = 4,653) were analyzed. Thirty-day rates of stroke were significantly lower in patients treated with PCI compared with either off-pump CABG (odds ratio [OR]; 0.39, 95% CI, 0.19-0.83) or on-pump CABG (OR, 0.26; 95% CI, 0.12-0.47). Compared with on-pump CABG, off-pump CABG was associated with significantly lower 30-day risk of stroke (OR, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.41-0.95). However, in sensitivity analyses restricted to high-quality studies, studies with more than either 100 or 1,000 patients, or studies with protocol definition or adjudication of stroke by a clinical events committee, the precision of the point estimate for the 30-day risk of stroke between off-pump vs on-pump CABG was markedly reduced. CONCLUSIONS: Percutaneous coronary intervention is associated with lower 30-day rates of stroke than both off-pump and on-pump CABG. Further studies are required to determine whether the risk of stroke is reduced with off-pump CABG compared with on-pump CABG.
    American heart journal 06/2013; 165(6):910-917.e14. · 4.65 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Randomized trials showed that mTOR inhibitors prevent early development of cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV). However, the action of these drugs on CAV late after transplant is controversial, and their effectiveness for CAV prevention in clinical practice is poorly explored. In this observational study we included 143 consecutive heart transplant recipients who underwent serial intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), receiving either everolimus or mycophenolate as adjunctive therapy to cyclosporine. Ninety-one recipients comprised the early cohort, receiving IVUS at weeks 3-6 and year 1 after transplant, and 52 the late cohort, receiving IVUS at years 1 and 5 after transplant. Everolimus independently reduced the odds for early CAV (0.14 [0.01-0.77]; p = 0.02) but it did not appear to influence late CAV progression. High-dose statins were found to be associated with reduced CAV progression both early and late after transplant (p ≤ 0.05). Metabolic abnormalities, such as high triglycerides, were associated with late, but not with early CAV progression. By highlighting a differential effect of everolimus and metabolic abnormalities on early and late changes of graft coronary morphology, this observational study supports the hypothesis that everolimus may be effective for CAV prevention but not for CAV treatment, and that risk factors intervene in a time-dependent sequence during CAV development.
    American Journal of Transplantation 05/2013; 13(5):1217-26. · 6.19 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aims: The introduction of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has generated a renewed interest in the treatment of high-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis. This study describes the indications and long-term outcome of balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) in recent years. Methods and results: Between 2000 and 2010, 415 consecutive patients at our institution underwent BAV. The number of BAV per year increased sharply after the introduction of TAVI. Patients were 77.5±10.9 years old and showed important comorbidities (average logistic EuroSCORE=23.9±15.3%). We identified four cohorts according to the indications: 1) bridge for TAVI (B-TAVI; n=162); 2) bridge for aortic valve replacement (B-AVR, n=97); 3) cardiogenic shock (n=23); 4) palliation (n=133). Baseline characteristics were significantly different among groups. In-hospital mortality was 5.1%, and occurred predominantly in patients who underwent BAV in the setting of cardiogenic shock (56.5% vs. around 2% in the other subgroups). Other major events were stroke (0.5%), major vascular complications (2.2%), and life-threatening bleedings (1.5%). The cumulative one-year and two-year mortality rates were 33.2% and 57.4%, respectively, with the highest incidence in the shock group (70.7% and 80.4%) and the lowest in the B-AVR group (21.7% and 38.4%). Rehospitalisation for heart failure was 26.3% at one-year and 47.2% at two-year follow-up. Conclusions: The number of BAV is increasing, mainly due to increased referral of high-risk patients and to the emerging indication of bridge for TAVI. In this complex population, BAV is relatively safe but two-year survival remains poor, and more effective and definitive treatments should be pursued in a timely fashion.
    EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology 04/2013; 8(12):1388-97. · 3.17 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: AimsThis study compared the clinical, functional, and haemodynamic characteristics and current era survival of subgroups of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart disease (PAH-CHD): Eisenmenger syndrome (ES); PAH-CHD associated with systemic-to-pulmonary shunts (SPs); PAH with small defects (SDs); and PAH after defect correction (CDs).Methods and resultsData from consecutive PAH-CHD patients referred to our centre from 1 January 1998 to 31 May 2011 were collected. A contemporary group of idiopathic PAH patients was utilized for comparison. Treatment was per PAH guidelines, including combination therapy, with approved PAH-specific drugs. Survival was assessed with Kaplan-Meier analysis from the first invasive haemodynamic confirmation of PAH and compared across subgroups by log-rank test. Of 192 patients (mean age 41 ± 17 years; 61% female), 90 had ES (aged 41 ± 16 years); 48 SP (aged 47 ± 18 years); 10 SD (aged 25 ± 21 years); and 44 CD (aged 36 ± 17 years). Patients with ES had the highest baseline pulmonary vascular resistance and the lowest exercise capacity. Seventy-eight per cent were treated with approved PAH-specific drugs, and 44% were treated with combination therapy. Kaplan-Meier survival estimates (95% confidence interval) at 20 years for ES, SP, and CD were 87% (77-93%), 86% (60-96%), and 36% (12-72%, P = 0.0001 vs. ES; P = 0.004 vs. SP), respectively, and at 15 years for SD was 66% (16-91%, P = 0.015 vs. ES; P = 0.016 vs. SP). The survival of the 278 patients with idiopathic PAH appeared to be worse when compared with the PAH-CHD subgroups.Conclusion Relevant clinical, functional, haemodynamic, and survival differences were observed among subgroups. In particular, patients with CD and SD had the worst survival. These findings should be considered when planning medical or interventional treatment strategies in PAH-CHD patients.
    European Heart Journal 03/2013; · 14.72 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To investigate the prognostic significance of baseline white blood cell count (WBCc) in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) and its additive predictive value beyond the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) score. Methods: We included 1,315 consecutive NSTE-ACS patients. Patients were divided in quartiles according to the WBCc (cells per 1 mm(3)) i.e. Q1 <6,850, Q2 = 6,850-8,539, Q3 = 8,540-10,857 and Q4 ≥10,858. The study end point was 3-year cardiovascular death (CVD). Results: The median age of the study population was 76 years. Overall, 335 patients (25.5%) died with 211 of these (16%) suffering from CVD. Patients in Q4 showed a higher cumulative probability of CVD compared to patients in Q1-Q3. On multivariable analysis, patients in Q4 were at higher risk of CVD [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.47, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.09-1.98, p = 0.011]. WBCc as a continuous variable was also independently associated with the study end point (HR = 1.043; 95% CI 1.02-1.07; p = 0.001). However, the incorporation of WBCc into the GRACE score did not improve either prediction of risk (C-index = 0.796 for GRACE score with or without WBCc) or classification of risk [relative integrated discrimination improvement = 0.0154, 95% CI) -0.029 to 0.0618; continuous net reclassification improvement = -0.0676, 95% CI -0.2149-0.0738). Conclusions: WBCc was an independent predictor of 3-year CVD in patients with NSTE-ACS. However, it did not add prognostic information beyond the GRACE score.
    Cardiology 02/2013; 124(2):97-104. · 1.52 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: HLA antibodies (HLA ab) in transplant candidates have been associated with poor outcome. However, clinical relevance of noncytotoxic antibodies after heart transplant (HT) is controversial. By using a Luminex-based HLA screening, we retested pretransplant sera from HT recipients testing negative for cytotoxic HLA ab and for prospective crossmatch. Out of the 173 consecutive patients assayed (52 ± 13y; 16% females; 47% ischemic etiology), 32 (18%) showed pretransplant HLA ab, and 12 (7%) tested positive against both class I and class II HLA. Recipients with any HLA ab had poorer survival than those without (65 ± 9 versus 82 ± 3%; P = 0.02), accounting for a doubled independent mortality risk (P = 0.04). In addition, HLA-ab detection was associated with increased prevalence of early graft failure (35 versus 15%; P = 0.05) and late cellular rejection (29 versus 11%; P = 0.03). Of the subgroup of 37 patients suspected for antibody mediated rejection (AMR), the 9 with pretransplant HLA ab were more likely to display pathological AMR grade 2 (P = 0.04). By an inexpensive, luminex-based, HLA-screening assay, we were able to detect non-cytotoxic HLA ab predicting fatal and nonfatal adverse outcomes after heart transplant. Allocation strategies and desensitization protocols need to be developed and prospectively tested in these patients.
    Journal of Transplantation 01/2013; 2013:519680.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although ruptured atherosclerotic plaques have been extensively analyzed, the composition of thrombi causing arterial occlusion in patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction has been less thoroughly investigated. We sought to investigate whether coagulant active tissue factor can be retrieved in thrombi of patients with STEMI undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Nineteen patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction referred for primary percutaneous coronary intervention were enrolled in this study. Coronary thrombi aspirated from coronary arteries were routinely processed for paraffin embedding and histological evaluation (4 patients) or immediately snap frozen for evaluation of tissue factor activity using a modified aPTT test (15 patients). Immunoprecipitation followed by immunoblotting was also performed in 12 patients. Thrombi aspirated from coronary arteries showed large and irregular areas of tissue factor staining within platelet aggregates, and in close contact with inflammatory cells. Some platelet aggregates stained positive for tissue factor, whereas others did not. Monocytes consistently stained strongly for tissue factor, neutrophils had a more variable and irregular tissue factor staining, and red blood cells did not demonstrate staining for tissue factor. Median clotting time of plasma samples containing homogenized thrombi incubated with a monoclonal antibody that specifically inhibits tissue factor-mediated coagulation activity (mAb 5G9) were significantly longer than their respective controls (88.9 seconds versus 76.5 seconds, respectively; p<0.001). Tissue factor was also identified by immunoprecipitation in 10 patients, with significant variability among band intensities. Active tissue factor is present in coronary artery thrombi of patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction, suggesting that it contributes to activate the coagulation cascade ensuing in coronary thrombosis.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(12):e81501. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Limited data exist on renal complications of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) within a comprehensive program using different valves with transfemoral, transapical, and trans-subclavian approach. METHODS: Prospective single-center registry of 102 consecutive patients undergoing TAVI using both approved bioprostheses and different access routes. The main objective was to assess the incidence, predictors and the clinical impact of acute kidney injury (AKI). AKI was defined according to the valve academic research consortium (VARC) indications. RESULTS: Mean age was 83.7±5.3years, logistic EuroSCORE 22.6±12.4%, and STS score 8.2±4.1%. Chronic kidney disease at baseline was present in 87.3%. Periprocedural AKI developed in 42 patients (41.7%): 32.4% stage 1, 4.9% stage 2 and 3.9% stage 3. The incidence of AKI was 66.7% in transapical, 30.3% in transfemoral, and 50% in trans-subclavian procedures. The only independent predictor of AKI was transapical access, with a hazard ratio (HR) between 4.57 and 5.18 based on the model used. Cumulative 1-year survival was 88.2%. At Cox regression analysis, the only independent predictor of 30-day mortality was diabetes mellitus (HR 7.05, 95% CI 1.07-46.32; p=0.042), whilst the independent predictors of 1-year death were baseline glomerular filtration rate<30mL/min (HR 5.74, 95% CI 1.42-23.26; p=0.014) and post-procedural AKI 3 (HR 8.59, 95% CI 1.61-45.86, p=0.012). CONCLUSIONS: TAVI is associated with a high incidence of AKI. Although in the majority of the cases AKI is of mild entity and reversible, AKI 3 holds a strong negative impact on 1-year survival. The incidence of AKI is higher with transapical access.
    International journal of cardiology 11/2012; · 6.18 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous almost substituted subpectoral approach of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation as a less invasive surgical technique. However, the impact of this change in placement site on procedure-related shoulder impairment is poorly understood. METHODS: Candidates for ICD implantation were prospectively evaluated at baseline, 2-weeks and 3-months after the procedure. Assessment of shoulder function included: Constant Score, Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) for pain and the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) scoring method. The Short Form-36 (SF-36) questionnaire was adopted for quality of life. RESULTS: Fifty consecutive patients were enrolled (21 single-chamber, 5 dual-chamber and 24 biventricular ICD). Significant changes in the short term were observed: physical component summary (regarding SF-36) decreased from 44.5±9.1 to 41.8±11.4 (p=0.016), patients with NRS >1 increased from 14% to 44% (p<0.001), DASH score increased from 1.29 [interquartile range 0.00-10.34] to 30.60 [interquartile range 12.93-46.34] (p<0.001). Notably, only the shoulder ipsilateral to implantation site presented a decrease in Constant Score (76.00 [interquartile range 61.37-86.87] vs. 95.75 [interquartile range 91.37-98.00]; p<0.001). After three months most of the parameters seemed to have recovered, except for range of motion. Procedure-related increase in pain (i.e. NRS increase ≥1 point) was the most important independent predictor of shoulder impairment, in terms of Constant Score modification (r=0.570; p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: ICD implantation is frequently associated with ipsilateral shoulder impairment which tends to recover within 3-months. These data positively compare with the subpectoral approach and should be considered for future research regarding impact of ICD implant on physical well-being and quality of life.
    International journal of cardiology 10/2012; · 6.18 Impact Factor
  • Giornale italiano di cardiologia (2006) 10/2012; 13(10).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study sought to determine whether coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is associated with an increased risk of stroke compared with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Some, but not all, randomized trials have reported increased rates of stroke with CABG compared with PCI. However, all these studies were powered insufficiently to examine differences in the risk of stroke reliably. We performed a meta-analysis of 19 trials in which 10,944 patients were randomized to CABG versus PCI. The primary end point was the 30-day rate of stroke. We also determined the rate of stroke at the midterm follow-up and investigated whether there was an interaction between revascularization type and the extent of coronary artery disease on the relative risk of stroke. The 30-day rate of stroke was 1.20% after CABG compared with 0.34% after PCI (odds ratio: 2.94, 95% confidence interval: 1.69 to 5.09, p < 0.0001). Similar results were observed after a median follow-up of 12.1 months (1.83% vs. 0.99%, odds ratio: 1.67, 95% confidence interval: 1.09 to 2.56, p = 0.02). The extent of coronary artery disease (single vessel vs. multivessel vs. left main) did not affect the relative increase in the risk of stroke observed with CABG compared with PCI at either 30 days (p = 0.57 for interaction) or midterm follow-up (p = 0.08 for interaction). Similar results were observed when the outcomes in 33,980 patients from 27 observational studies were analyzed. Coronary revascularization by CABG compared with PCI is associated with an increased risk of stroke at 30 days and at the mid-term follow-up.
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 08/2012; 60(9):798-805. · 14.09 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: AIMS: Non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) is a heterogeneous syndrome in terms of patho-physiological mechanisms and prognosis. We sought to investigate the clinical features associated with complicated athero-thrombotic (CAT) coronary lesions and their prognostic relevance in NSTE-ACS. METHODS: We enrolled 701 consecutive NSTE-ACS patients without previous coronary bypass undergoing coronary angiography. The study population was divided into two groups according to the presence/absence of angiographic signs of endoluminal thrombi and/or plaque rupture, defined as CAT lesions. Multivariable analyses were used to identify predictors of CAT lesions. Their relation to composite endpoint of death, re-myocardial infarction, and re-unstable angina was investigated with the use of multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: Patients with CAT lesions (n = 279, 40%) had a higher incidence of the combined endpoint (11.5 vs. 4.3%; P < 0.001). On multivariable analysis male sex [odds ratio (OR) 1.64, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.17-2.30, P = 0.004], previous percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (OR 0.48, 95% CI 0.32-0.72, P < 0.001), severe angina (OR 1.72, 95% CI 1.18-2.52, P = 0.005) and anterior (i.e. V1-V4) ST segment depression (STD) were independently associated with CAT lesions (OR 1.71, 95% CI 1.14-2.57, P = 0.01). After adjustment for the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) score only the presence of anterior STD emerged as an independent predictor of the clinical endpoint (OR 2.68, 95% CI 1.38-5.20, P = 0.003). The incorporation of anterior STD into the GRACE risk score showed an important trend toward improving prediction of endpoint as assessed by c-statistic (0.72 vs. 0.67; P = 0.08). CONCLUSION: In patients with NSTE-ACS male sex, severe angina and anterior STD were associated with an increased risk of CAT lesions. Patients with anterior STD were also at increased risk of in-hospital clinical events.
    Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine 07/2012; · 2.66 Impact Factor
  • JACC. Cardiovascular imaging 07/2012; 5(7):755-8. · 14.29 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) showed that biventricular (BiV) pacing reduces heart failure (HF) hospitalizations and mortality in patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III-IV HF, left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, and wide QRS. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the RCTs comparing LV-only vs. biventricular (BiV) pacing in candidates for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). The systematic review selected five RCTs (out of 1888 analysed reports) with a cumulative number of 372 patients randomized to BiV pacing and 258 to LV-only pacing. The meta-analysis shows that BiV pacing is not superior to LV-only pacing and that these two pacing modalities do not differ with regard to death or heart transplantation [LV-only vs. BiV pacing odds ratio (OR) 1.24, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.57-2.70 with the fixed effect model, OR 1.25, 95% CI 0.48-3.24 with the random effect model]. Specific data on hospitalizations were available only in two RCTs with a cumulative number of 127 patients randomized to BiV and 123 to LV-only pacing. The meta-analysis shows that BiV pacing is not superior to LV-only pacing and that these two pacing modalities do not differ with regard to this outcome (LV-only vs. BiV pacing OR 0.86, 95% CI 0.49-1.50 with the fixed effect model, OR 0.86, 95% CI 0.49-1.50 with the random effect model). Biventricular pacing is not superior to LV-only pacing, and these two pacing modalities appear to achieve similar efficacy in candidates for CRT for moderate to severe HF, in terms of all-cause mortality and hospitalizations during follow-up.
    European Journal of Heart Failure 04/2012; 14(6):652-60. · 5.25 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cyclosporine nephrotoxicity negatively impacts long-term outcome after heart transplantation (HT). We previously reported 1-year results from a randomized study showing that cyclosporine-lowering strategies based on everolimus or mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) are equally effective for reducing progression of renal dysfunction. It is unknown whether this efficacy could be maintained over the long term. Thirty-four recipients 1 to 4 years after HT and with 25 to 60 ml/min of creatinine clearance (CrCl) were randomized to everolimus with a very low dose (C(0): 50 to 90 ng/ml, n = 17) or MMF with low dose of cyclosporine (C(0): 100 to 150 ng/ml, n = 17). Follow-up was prolonged up to 3 years, and calculated CrCl was the main efficacy measure. Cyclosporine was maintained at 70% and 30% lower than baseline in the everolimus and MMF arms, respectively, throughout the 3-year study period. CrCl remained stable in the everolimus patients (+7% from baseline; p = 0.7), but improved in the MMF patients (+20% from baseline; p < 0.01), with a trend toward improved values compared with everolimus patients (46 ± 12 vs 56 ± 15 ml/min; p = 0.06). Subgroup analysis revealed that baseline proteinuria markedly influenced the renal function response to everolimus: whereas in patients with baseline proteinuria CrCl significantly worsened (-20%; p = 0.04), it improved in those without (+15%; p = 0.03). Safety was comparable between the two study arms. Cyclosporine nephrotoxicity improved after a prolonged dose reduction in patients receiving MMF. The everolimus-based strategy provided a similar benefit only to patients without baseline proteinuria. While raising caution against the universal use of everolimus for kidney protection, our long-term results support the need for customized approaches in the management of drug toxicities in maintenance HT recipients.
    The Journal of heart and lung transplantation: the official publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation 02/2012; 31(6):565-70. · 3.54 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

5k Citations
1,483.82 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1983–2013
    • University of Bologna
      • • Institute of Cardiology
      • • Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine DIMES
      • • Department of Biomedical Science and Neuromotor Sciences DIBINEM
      Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
  • 2011
    • Ospedale Maggiore Carlo Alberto Pizzardi di Bologna
      Bolonia, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
  • 2003–2011
    • Policlinico S.Orsola-Malpighi
      Bolonia, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
  • 2010
    • Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
      Rochester, Michigan, United States
  • 2009
    • Unité Inserm U1077
      Caen, Lower Normandy, France
    • Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Foggia
      Foggia, Apulia, Italy
  • 1989–2007
    • Università degli Studi del Sannio
      Benevento, Campania, Italy
  • 2006
    • Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia
      Modène, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
  • 2004–2005
    • Erasmus MC
      • Department of Cardiology
      Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands
  • 1993–2002
    • Università degli Studi di Siena
      Siena, Tuscany, Italy
  • 1995
    • University of Florence
      • Dipartimento di Chirurgia e Medicina Traslazionale (DCMT)
      Florence, Tuscany, Italy