Chern-En Chiang

National Yang Ming University, T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan

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Publications (83)259.18 Total impact

  • Gregory Y H Lip, Kang-Ling Wang, Chern-En Chiang
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    ABSTRACT: Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) have changed the landscape for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF). Given the huge burden of AF in Asians, more attention to stroke prevention is clearly needed. Aiming to provide an overview and reappraisal of stroke prevention in Asians with AF, we searched MEDLINE for information on NOACs in Asians. In addition, abstracts from national and international cardiovascular meetings were studied to identify unpublished studies. In the 4 recent Phase 3 trials comparing NOACs to warfarin, a consistent pattern is evident. For efficacy endpoints in the comparison of NOACs vs warfarin, a significant reduction in stroke/systemic embolization was seen for dabigatran 150mg [HR 0.45 (0.28-0.72)], with non-significant trends seen for lower stroke/systemic embolization with other NOACs, except edoxaban 30mg. A similar pattern was seen for ischaemic stroke, with a significant reduction for dabigatran 150mg [HR 0.55 (0.32-0.950]. For haemorrhagic stroke, all NOAC regimes, except rivaroxaban 20mg, had significantly lower hazard ratios. No evidence of increased myocardial infarction was found for NOACs. All-cause mortality was significantly lowered amongst Asian patients on edoxaban 60mg compared to warfarin [HR 0.63 (0.40-0.98)] with non-significant trends to lower mortality with dabigatran 150mg, rivaroxaban and edoxaban 30mg. For safety endpoints, all the NOAC regimes, except rivaroxaban 20mg, significantly reduced major bleeding and 'all bleeding' events. Intracranial haemorrhage was consistently lowered by all NOACs. None of NOACs increased gastrointestinal bleeding. These information suggested that NOACs should be preferentially indicated for stroke prevention in Asians with AF. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    International journal of cardiology. 11/2014; 180C:246-254.
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    ABSTRACT: Background Saxagliptin was associated with an increased risk of hospitalization for heart failure (HHF) in diabetic patients with high cardiovascular risk. This study assessed the risk of HHF during an exposure to sitagliptin in general diabetic patients. Methods In Taiwan National Health Insurance research database, a study of the beneficiaries aged ≥ 45 years with diabetes treated with or without sitagliptin between March 2009 and July 2011 was conducted. Patients treated with sitagliptin were matched to patients never exposed to a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor by the propensity score methodology. The outcome measures were the first and the total number of HHF, and mortality for heart failure or all causes. Results A total of 8288 matched pairs of patients were analyzed. During a median of 1.5 years, the first event of HHF occurred in 339 patients with sitagliptin and 275 patients never exposed to a DPP-4 inhibitor (hazard ratio: 1.21, 95% confidence interval: 1.04–1.42, P = 0.017); all-cause mortality was similar (hazard ratio: 0.87, 95% confidence interval: 0.74–1.03, P = 0.109). The risk for HHF was proportional to exposure (hazard ratio: 1.09, 95% confidence interval: 1.06–1.11, P < 0.001 for every 10% increase in adherence to sitagliptin). Overall, there were 935 events of HHF, in which the association between the number of HHF and the adherence to sitagliptin was linear. The greatest total number of HHF occurred in the patients with the highest adherence. Conclusions The use of sitagliptin was associated with a higher risk of HHF but no excessive risk for mortality was observed.
    International Journal of Cardiology. 11/2014; 177(1):86–90.
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    ABSTRACT: Background Digoxin and related cardiac glycoside have been used for almost 100 years in atrial fibrillation (AF). However, recent 2 analyses of the “AFFIRM” trial showed non-consistent results about the risk of mortality associated with digoxin use. The goal of the present study is to investigate the relationship between digoxin and the risk of ischemic stroke and mortality in Asians. Methods This study used the “National Health Insurance Research Database” in Taiwan. A total of 4,781 AF patients who did not receive any antithrombotic therapy were selected as the study population. Among the study population, 829 subjects (17.3%) received the digoxin treatment. The risks of ischemic stroke and mortality of patients with or without digoxin use were compared. Results The use of digoxin was associated with an increased risk of clinical events with an adjusted hazard ratio of 1.41 (95% CI =1.17-1.70) for ischemic stroke and 1.21 (95% CI =1.01-1.44) for all-cause mortality. In the subgroup analysis based on the coexistence with heart failure or not, digoxin was a risk factor of adverse events for patients without heart failure, but not for those with heart failure (interaction p<0.001 for either endpoint). Among AF patients without heart failure, the use of beta-blockers was associated with better survival with an adjusted hazard ratio of 0.48 (95% CI = 0.34-0.68). Conclusions Digoxin should be avoided for AF patients without heart failure since it was associated with an increased risk of clinical events. Beta-blockers may be a better choice for controlling ventricular rate.
    The Canadian journal of cardiology 10/2014; · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: Withholding effective treatment is clinically prevalent. The CEntralized Pan-Asian survey on tHE Under-treatment of hypercholeSterolemia (CEPHEUS-PA) indicated suboptimal low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) goal attainment in Taiwan, which may be attributable to clinical inertia. We herein analyzed the Taiwanese cohort in the CEPHEUS-PA to identify key elements regarding clinical inertia and unsatisfactory LDL-C control. Methods: A questionnaire regarding the attitudes and perceptions for each physician and patient was included in the CEPHEUS-PA. Physicians completed the physician questionnaire before enrolling patients, who completed the patient questionnaire before the assessment. Results: The National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III) guideline was used by 81.8% of physicians to establish the individual therapeutic targets; 50.2% of patients failed to take medications persistently. Regarding perceptions to hypercholesterolemia management, 75.9% of physicians were confident of having a sufficient number of patients at cholesterol targets; 80.2% and 65.9% of patients felt satisfied and motivated, respectively, but 46.0% had no strong feeling. The healthcare reimbursement policy used for treatment guidance was a significant determinant for LDL-C goal attainment (OR=0.32, 95% CI: 0.15-0.69, P=0.006) in addition to patient compliance. Low patient involvement indexed by having no strong feeling was associated with poor LDL-C control (OR=0.73, 95% CI: 0.56-0.95, P=0.020). Conclusions: The referenced healthcare reimbursement policy, poor patient compliance, and low patient involvement with hypercholesterolemia management were associated with failure of LDL-C control. Our findings highlight the need to overcome those barriers to improve the under-treatment of hypercholesterolemia.
    Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 06/2014; · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The impact of renal dysfunction has been investigated in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of this study was to assess its additive prognostic value in low thromboembolic risk AF patients with CHA2DS2-VASc score 0-1. Methods and Results: A total of 617 non-valvular AF patients were enrolled and baseline serum creatinine was measured. Estimated glomerular filtration rate and estimated clearance of creatinine were calculated using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation and Cockcroft-Gault formula, respectively. The primary endpoint was cardiovascular death and systemic thromboembolic events, including acute ischemic stroke, transient ischemic attack, and peripheral artery embolism. Of these, 338 individuals had clinical CHA2DS2-VASc score 0-1. Among these individuals, 23 patients had impaired renal function. During the follow-up period of 53.6±32.1 months, the annual composite outcome rate in AF patients with CHA2DS2-VASc score 0-1 was 0.40%/year. As compared with patients with preserved renal function, the annual composite outcome rate was significantly higher in patients with impaired renal function (2.92%/year vs. 0.21%/year, P<0.001). Moreover, on multivariate Cox regression analysis, renal dysfunction was the only risk predictor in these low-risk patients. Conclusions: Impaired renal function has an additive prognostic value for thromboembolic events and cardiovascular mortality in low-risk AF patients with CHA2DS2-VASc score 0-1.
    Circulation Journal 02/2014; · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Contexte L’impact des recommandations internationales dans la pratique courante concernant l’utilisation d’antithrombotiques dans la fibrillation atriale (FA) n’est pas bien connu particulièrement dans certaines parties du monde comme le Moyen Orient et l’Afrique. Objectif Décrire et analyser l’utilisation d’antithrombotiques chez les patients souffrant de FA dans la pratique courante. Méthodologie L’enquête croisée internationale RealiseAF incluait 10 523 patients (avec ≥ 1 épisode de FA documenté au cours des 12 mois précédents) dans 831 centres. Les médecins participants ont été sélectionnés par tirage au sort à partir de listes de médecins. Résultats La moyenne d’âge était de 66,6 ± 12,2 ans. Chez 47,4 % des patients présentant un score CHADS2 ≥ 2, aucun anticoagulant oral (ACO) n’a été prescrit. Les patients présentant des scores CHADS2 ≥ 2, avec une FA permanente ou persistante et une cardiopathie valvulaire, qui avaient présenté un AVC nécessitant une hospitalisation au cours de l’année précédente et qui avaient été traités par un cardiologue (plutôt qu’un interniste), étaient plus enclins à recevoir des ACO. Les patients âgés de 75 ans et plus, souffrant d’une coronaropathie et ayant développé un saignement majeur nécessitant une hospitalisation au cours de l’année précédente, et les patients faisant l’objet d’une stratégie de contrôle du rythme, étaient moins enclins à recevoir des ACO. Un traitement antithrombotique adapté a été prescrit chez 66,7 % des patients présentant un score CHADS2 ≥ 2 au Moyen Orient/en Afrique, 55,3 % des patients en Europe, 43,9 % des patients en Amérique latine et 31,7 % des patients en Asie. Conclusion On observe une déviation considérable par rapport aux recommandations internationales concernant l’utilisation d’antithrombotiques pour la FA dans la pratique clinique, avec une sur-utilisation et une sous-utilisation des antithrombotiques dans environ 50 % des cas, et avec d’importantes différences géographiques. Ces résultats soulignent la nécessité d’une meilleure éducation médicale et d’une meilleure compréhension des disparités géographiques dans la mise en application des recommandations.
    Archives of cardiovascular diseases 02/2014; · 0.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Atrial fibrillation can be categorized into nonpermanent and permanent atrial fibrillation. There is less information on permanent than on nonpermanent atrial fibrillation patients. This analysis aimed to describe the characteristics and current management, including the proportion of patients with successful atrial fibrillation control, of these atrial fibrillation subsets in a large, geographically diverse contemporary sample. Data from RealiseAF, an international, observational, cross-sectional survey of 10,491 patients with atrial fibrillation, were used to characterize permanent atrial fibrillation (N = 4869) and nonpermanent atrial fibrillation (N = 5622) patients. Permanent atrial fibrillation patients were older, had a longer time since atrial fibrillation diagnosis, a higher symptom burden, and were more likely to be physically inactive. They also had a higher mean (SD) CHADS2 score (2.2 [1.3] vs. 1.7 [1.3], p<0.001), and a higher frequency of CHADS2 score ≥2 (67.3% vs. 53.0%, p<0.001) and comorbidities, most notably heart failure. Physicians indicated using a rate-control strategy in 84.2% of permanent atrial fibrillation patients (vs. 27.5% in nonpermanent atrial fibrillation). Only 50.2% (N = 2262/4508) of permanent atrial fibrillation patients were controlled. These patients had a longer time since atrial fibrillation diagnosis, a lower symptom burden, less obesity and physical inactivity, less severe heart failure, and fewer hospitalizations for acute heart failure than uncontrolled permanent atrial fibrillation patients, but with more arrhythmic events. The most frequent causes of hospitalization in the last 12 months were acute heart failure and stroke. Permanent atrial fibrillation is a high-risk subset of atrial fibrillation, representing half of all atrial fibrillation patients, yet rate control is only achieved in around half. Since control is associated with lower symptom burden and heart failure, adequate rate control is an important target for improving the management of permanent atrial fibrillation patients.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(1):e86443. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Most atrial fibrillation (AF) epidemiology described Western populations; there is a paucity of data from Chinese ethnicity. This study presented differences in patient characteristics and management strategies, and assessed the quality of life (QoL) and AF control in Taiwanese patients from RealiseAF. Methods RealiseAF enrolled 10,523 patients internationally, in which Taiwanese cohort accounts for 7.1%. Physicians were randomly selected from a global list. Patient characteristics, management and therapeutic strategies of AF, QoL measured by the EQ-5D questionnaire, and the control of AF (in sinus rhythm, or AF with a ventricular rate ≤80 beats per minute) evaluated by electrocardiography were assessed. Results Taiwanese patients were mostly outpatients (93.9%), older (70.2 ± 11.8 years), accompanied by more comorbidities, more frequently (51.7%) in permanent AF, and symptomatic (European Heart Rhythm Association score ≥II: 81.5%) compared with the non-Taiwanese cohort. A rhythm-control strategy was less preferable to rate-control than in non-Taiwanese cohort as well as the use of class I and III antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs); 85.2% of Taiwanese patients received AADs, among which beta-blockers were the most common (46.9%). QoL was compromised (Visual Analogue Scale: 70.3 ± 14.4; single index utility score: 0.81 ± 0.25) and only 48.6% of the Taiwanese patients had AF controlled. Conclusions AF complexity in the Taiwanese cohort was similar to or even greater than that in the non-Taiwanese cohort. The Taiwanese patients were highly symptomatic; QoL was impaired despite the widespread use of medications and AF control was unsatisfactory. There is an apparent unmet need in AF treatment in Chinese ethnicity.
    Journal of Cardiology 01/2014; · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have reported that the attainment of goals for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) are globally suboptimal, but contemporary data are scarce. The CEntralized Pan-Asian survey on tHE Under-treatment of hypercholeSterolemia (CEPHEUS-PA) is the largest evaluation of pharmacological treatment for hypercholesterolemia in Asia. The study reported here analyzed the Taiwan cohort in CEPHEUS-PA to identify the determinants of successful treatment. The patients eligible for this study were adults (≥18 years old) with hypercholesterolemia and with at least two coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors who had been receiving lipid-lowering drugs for at least 3 months before enrollment, without adjustment for at least 6 weeks before enrollment. Demographic and clinical information and lipid concentrations were recorded. Cardiovascular risk levels and LDL-C targets were determined using the updated Adult Treatment Panel III. In this group of 999 Taiwanese patients, 50%, 25%, and 24% had LDL-C goals set at <70 mg/dL, <100 mg/dL, and <130 mg/dL, respectively. The overall attainment rate was 50%, with the lowest rate in patients set at the most stringent target (22%), followed by those whose therapeutic goals were <100 mg/dL (69%) and <130 mg/dL (87%). The success of LDL-C control was lower in patients with multiple risk factors other than CHD or its equivalents than in those without these multiple risk factors (37% vs. 53%, p < 0.001), and lower in patients with metabolic syndrome than in those without (43% vs. 66%, p < 0.001). Baseline LDL-C and cardiovascular risk were inversely associated with goal attainment, whereas treatment with statins was directly associated with the achievement of LDL-C goals. Patients with diabetes (odds ratio 0.49, 95% confidence interval 0.29-0.84, p = 0.010) and with metabolic syndrome (odds ratio 0.15, 95% confidence interval 0.05-0.40, p < 0.001) were less likely to be treated with statins. This study showed that there is a discrepancy between the updated Adult Treatment Panel III recommendations for LDL-C control and the control attained by this group of Taiwanese patients. In particular, treatment with statins was largely underused in patients with diabetes and in those with metabolic syndrome. These findings highlight the need for more intensive treatment in high-risk patients and those with multiple risk factors, particularly patients with metabolic syndrome.
    Journal of the Chinese Medical Association 12/2013; · 0.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Food and Drug Administration recently updated the safety warning concerning the association between statin therapy and new-onset diabetes mellitus (NODM). For prediabetes, little information is available for statins on cardiovascular outcome reduction and diabetogenic consequences. This study aimed to examine the risk of NODM and the reduction of cardiovascular events and death (MACE) after statin therapy in the prediabetic subjects. The medical and pharmacy claims of the prediabetic beneficiaries were retrieved from Taiwan National Health Insurance research database. The occurrence of NODM, MACE, and morbidity indexed by hospitalizations and emergency visits was ascertained by ambulatory and inpatient database. A propensity score-matched model was constructed for statin users and nonusers. During follow-up (4.1 ± 2.5 years), NODM and MACE occurred in 23.5% and 16.7%, respectively, of nonusers and 28.5% and 12.0%, respectively, of users. Statin therapy was associated with a greater risk of NODM (hazard ratio 1.20, 95% confidence interval 1.08 to 1.32) and less risk of MACE (hazard ratio 0.70, 95% confidence interval 0.61 to 0.80), both in dose-dependent fashions. The earlier and more persistent use correlated with the greater increase in risk of NODM offset by the proportionally larger reduction in MACE. Furthermore, the early persistent users had the lowest rate of hospitalizations and emergency visits. In conclusion, our findings suggested that the relation between NODM and therapeutic advantages of statins was parallel in the prediabetic population. Treatment benefits outweighed diabetic consequences in subjects receiving the earlier and more persistent treatment.
    The American journal of cardiology 11/2013; · 3.58 Impact Factor
  • Kang-Ling Wang, Chern-En Chiang
    Circulation Journal 07/2013; · 3.58 Impact Factor
  • Kang-Ling Wang, Chern-En Chiang
    Journal of the Chinese Medical Association 07/2013; · 0.75 Impact Factor
  • Kang-Ling Wang, Chern-En Chiang
    Journal of the Chinese Medical Association 07/2013; · 0.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: International atrial fibrillation (AF) guidelines have defined optimal drugs for patients with various underlying diseases, but the extent to which real-life practice complies with these guidelines is unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the appropriate use of antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs) in patients with paroxysmal and persistent AF from the RealiseAF survey, according to the 2006 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association/European Society of Cardiology AF guidelines.METHODS AND RESULTS: RealiseAF was an international cross-sectional, observational survey of 10 523 eligible patients from 26 countries on 4 continents, with ≥1 AF episode documented by standard electrocardiogram or by Holter monitoring in the last 12 months. Participating physicians were randomly selected during 2009-10 from lists of office-based or hospital-based cardiologists and internists. Overall, 4947 patients with paroxysmal (n = 2606) or persistent AF (n = 2341) were included; mean (standard deviation) age was 64.7 (12.4) and 66.0 (11.8) years, respectively. Class Ic drugs were prescribed in 589 patients (11.9%); however, in 20.0% of these patients, the indication was not consistent with published guidelines. Similarly, for the 219 patients prescribed sotalol (4.4%), 16.0% received treatment for an indication that deviated from the published guidelines. Amiodarone was prescribed as first-line therapy in 1268 patients (25.6%), but 49.9% of these did not have heart failure or hypertension with significant left ventricular hypertrophy.CONCLUSION: The use of AADs for persistent or paroxysmal AF in this large contemporary international survey showed some deviations from international guidelines. The highest discordance came with the use of amiodarone in first line. Clearly, there is a large discrepancy between published guidelines and current practice.
    Europace 07/2013; · 2.77 Impact Factor
  • Article: Reply.
    Kang-Ling Wang, Chia-Jen Liu, Chern-En Chiang
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 03/2013; 61(9):989-90. · 14.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Improvement of oral hygiene through dental scaling was associated with a decreased risk of cardiovascular events. The goal of the present study was to investigate whether dental scaling can reduce the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: In year 2000, a total of 28,909 subjects who were age 60 or more without past history of cardiac arrhythmias were identified from the "National Health Insurance Research Database" in Taiwan. Among these subjects, those who have received dental scaling at least 1 time/year for 3 consecutive years (1998-2000) were selected to be the exposed group (n=3391). A total of 13,564 age, sex and underlying disease-matched subjects without receiving dental scaling were identified to be the non-exposed group. The study endpoint was the occurrence of new-onset AF. RESULTS: During a follow-up of 4.6±1.1years, 478 participants (2.8%) developed AF. The exposed group had a lower AF occurrence rate than non-exposed group (2.2% versus 3.0%; p value=0.017). After an adjustment with age, gender, and comorbidities in the multivariate analysis, dental scaling was associated with a reduced risk of AF (hazard ratio=0.671, 95% CI=0.524-0.859; p value=0.002). Among the exposed group, the hazard ratio in developing AF was 0.340 (95% CI=0.247-0.489; p value <0.001) when subjects received 1 more dental scaling per year. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of AF was lower in subjects receiving dental scaling. Improvement of oral hygiene by dental scaling may be a simple and useful way to prevent AF.
    International journal of cardiology 02/2013; · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study investigated the incidence and predictors of permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation for late atrioventricular block (AVB) in patients with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) who received ablation. The data from 3,442 patients with AVNRT who received ablation were analyzed. Those who developed late AVB (>1 month after ablation) and received a PPM were identified. The incidence of PPM implantation in 1,148 matched patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome and in the whole population of Taiwan were compared. Of the patients with AVNRT receiving ablation (mean follow-up duration 128.3 ± 62.5 months), 15 (0.4%) received PPM implantation for late AVB (mean interval after catheter ablation 95.4 ± 55.0 months). Only age (odds ratio 1.05, p = 0.02) and transient AVB (odds ratio 8.55, p = 0.01) during the procedure were independently associated with PPM implantation for late AVB. The patients with AVNRT had a greater incidence of PPM implantation due to late AVB compared to the matched patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. The annual incidence of PPM implantation for AVB was also greater in the patients with AVNRT than in the general population. In conclusion, the incidence of PPM implantation for late AVB in patients with AVNRT who received catheter ablation was low but still greater than that in patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome and the general population in Taiwan.
    The American journal of cardiology 12/2012; · 3.58 Impact Factor
  • Chern-En Chiang, Kang-Ling Wang
    Journal of the Chinese Medical Association 12/2012; 75(12):615-6. · 0.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: AIMS: It is not known if successful catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) improves the patient's long-term cardiovascular outcomes. This study investigated the long-term outcomes and mortality of AF patients at high risk who received antiarrhythmic medication and catheter ablation.METHODS AND RESULTS: The propensity scores for AF were calculated for each patient and were used to assemble a cohort of 174 AF patients with ablation who were compared with an equal number of AF patients without ablation. Composite cardiovascular end points (major adverse cardiovascular event, MACE), including mortality and vascular events in the medically treated patients representing the control group (group 1), were compared with those in the ablation-treated patients (group 2). The rates of the total mortality (2.95% vs. 0.74% per year; P < 0.01), cardiovascular death (1.77% vs. 0% per year; P = 0.001), and ischaemic stroke/transient ischaemic attack (2.21% vs. 0.59% per year; P = 0.02) were higher in group 1 than group 2, respectively. A multivariate Cox regression analysis of the MACE scores showed that a higher CHA(2)DS(2)-VASc score [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.309 per increment of score, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.06-1.617; P = 0.01] and the performance of the ablation procedure (HR = 0.225, CI = 0.076-0.671; P = 0.007) were independent predictors of a MACE. In patients who received catheter ablation, recurrence of any atrial arrhythmia was a predictor of vascular events and total mortality (P < 0.05).CONCLUSION: In AF patients with CHA(2)DS(2)-VASc score ≥1, catheter ablation of AF reduced the risk of the total/cardiovascular mortality and total vascular events. Atrial fibrillation recurrence predicts long-term cardiovascular outcomes, as well as the CHA(2)DS(2)-VASc score.
    Europace 11/2012; · 2.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to evaluate the association of statin exposure and incident diabetes, and subsequent outcomes in the general population. Cardiovascular events as consequences of atherosclerosis and diabetes are reduced by statins. However, statins are associated with excessive risk of diabetes occurrence according to clinical trial analyses. From daily-practice perspectives, it remains unclear whether statin use increases risk; prognoses of diabetes after exposure require further clarification. From Taiwan National Health Insurance beneficiaries age ≥45 years (men) and ≥55 years (women) before 2004, subjects continuously treated with statins ≥30 days during 2000 to 2003 and nonusers before 2004 were identified. Among nondiabetic individuals at the cohort entry, controls were matched to statin users on a 4:1 ratio by age, sex, atherosclerotic comorbidities, and year of their entry. Outcomes as diabetes, major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE, the composite of myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke), and in-hospital deaths were assessed. Over a median of 7.2 years, annual rates of diabetes were significantly higher in statin users (2.4% vs. 2.1%, p < 0.001), whereas MACE (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.82; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.68 to 0.98 for myocardial infarction; HR: 0.94; 95% CI: 0.86 to 1.03 for ischemic stroke; HR: 0.91; 95% CI: 0.84 to 0.99 for MACE]) and in-hospital mortality (HR: 0.61; 95% CI: 0.55 to 0.67]) were less. The risk-benefit analyses suggested that statin treatment was favorable in high-risk (HR: 0.89; 95% CI: 0.83 to 0.95) and secondary prevention (HR: 0.89; 95% CI: 0.83 to 0.96) populations. Among diabetic patients, prior statin use was associated with fewer MACE (HR: 0.75; 95% CI: 0.59 to 0.97). In-hospital deaths were similar in statin-related diabetes among high-risk (HR: 1.11; 95% CI: 0.83 to 1.49) and secondary prevention (HR: 1.08; 95% CI: 0.79 to 1.47) subjects compared with nondiabetic controls. Risk of diabetes was increased after statins, but outcomes were favorable.
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 08/2012; 60(14):1231-8. · 14.09 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

487 Citations
259.18 Total Impact Points


  • 1996–2014
    • National Yang Ming University
      • • School of Medicine
      • • Department of Pediatrics
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
    • Taipei Veterans General Hospital
      • • General Clinical Research Center
      • • Cardiology Division
      • • Department of Pediatrics
      • • Department of Medicine
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2010
    • Cathay General Hospital
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2004–2005
    • Fu Jen Catholic University
      • School of Medicine
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2003–2005
    • Taipei Medical University
      • Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences
      Taipei, Taipei, Taiwan
    • Mackay Memorial Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2003–2004
    • Wan Fang Hospital
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1995
    • Singapore General Hospital
      • Department of Cardiology
      Tumasik, Singapore