In-Sook Park

Asan Medical Center, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (37)116.28 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Kawasaki disease (KD) is often complicated by coronary artery lesions (CALs), including aneurysms. Because of the complications associated with KD, this disorder is the leading cause of acquired heart disease in children from developed countries. To identify genetic loci that confer a higher risk of developing CALs, we performed a case–control association study using previous genome-wide association study data for samples from KD cases only (n=186) by grouping KD patients without CALs (control: n=123) vs KD patients with extremely large aneurysms (diameter>5 mm) (case: n=17). Twelve loci with one or more sequence variants were found to be significantly associated with CALs (P<1 × 10−5). Of these, an SNP (rs17136627) in the potassium intermediate/small conductance calcium-activated channel, subfamily N, member 2 (KCNN2) at 5q22.3 was validated in 32 KD patients with large aneurysms (diameter>5 mm) and 191 KD patients without CALs (odds ratio (OR)=12.6, Pcombined=1.96 × 10−8). This result indicates that the KCNN2 gene can have an important role in the development of coronary artery aneurysms in KD.
    Journal of Human Genetics 05/2013; 58(8):521-525. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Homografts or bioprosthetic valves have been preferred in the pulmonic position in patients with congenital heart disease. However, unsatisfactory long-term results have aroused interest in the use of mechanical valves. In this study, we investigated the long-term outcomes of mechanical valves implanted in the pulmonic position. METHODS: The medical records of 37 patients (27 male, 73%) who underwent 38 mechanical pulmonary valve replacements between October 1988 and February 2011 were reviewed, retrospectively. The median age of patients was 13.5 years (range, 7 months to 23 years), and the median number of prior operations per patient was 2 (range, 0 to 5). Tetralogy of Fallot was the most common diagnosis (n = 23). The median valve size was 23 mm (range, 17 to 27 mm), and the median follow-up duration after pulmonary valve replacement was 24.6 months (range, 1.3 months to 22.5 years). Events were defined as the following: valve failure, thrombosis, embolism, bleeding, reoperation, and death. RESULTS: There was no in-hospital mortality, but there were 2 late deaths (1 heart failure and 1 traffic accident at 10.8 months and 8.7 years postoperatively, respectively). Excluding the traffic accident death, survival rates were 97%, 97%, and 97%, at 1, 5, and 10 years, respectively. Freedom from thromboembolism or bleeding events was 92%, 92%, and 78.8%, at 1, 5 and 10 years, respectively. Two reoperations were performed at 6.8 and 10.2 years postoperatively. Freedom from reoperation was 100%, 100%, and 85.7%, at 1, 5, and 10 years, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Durability of mechanical valve in pulmonic position was excellent. Thromboembolism or bleeding events due to anticoagulation therapy were rare. In growing patients who have undergone prior sternotomies requiring a pulmonary valve replacement, a mechanical valve could be an attractive option.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 08/2012; · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Regarding neo-aortic valve regurgitation (neo-AR) after the arterial switch operation (ASO), the 'trap-door' technique was supposed to be a risk factor due to a distortion of the sinotubular junction (STJ) geometry. Here we report our results of the 'trap-door' technique with a special emphasis on root geometry including the ratio of STJ to annulus. From August 1991 to March 2010, 240 patients with transposition of the great arteries underwent the ASO and who had at least 1 year of follow-up were included in this study. The medical records were retrospectively reviewed. The median age and body weight at the time of operation were 11 (0-1213) days and 3.4 (1.30-18.75) kg, respectively. The median follow-up duration was 79 months (range 12 months-19.5 years). At the latest echocardiographic follow-up, only six patients had neo-AR greater than Grade II (6 of 240, 2.5%). We found no relationship between neo-AR greater than Grade II and perioperative factors. The actual sizes of the neo-aortic annulus, mid-sinus and STJ were observed as having increased over time. However, most z-scores of STJ at the latest echocardiography varied between -2 and 2 and, more importantly, the ratio of STJ to neo-aortic annulus was 0.93 ± 0.20, which was near normal at the latest echocardiographic follow-up. Our results showed a very low incidence of significant neo-AR, which was relatively attributable to the preserved z-score of STJ and the normal range of STJ/annulus ratio. Therefore, we propose that it is important to maintain these factors adequately during the reconstruction of the neo-aortic root in the ASO.
    European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery 06/2012; 42(5):794-9. · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RTS) is characterized by peculiar facies, mental retardation, broad thumbs, and great toes. Approximately one-third of the affected individuals have a variety of congenital heart diseases. They can also have upper airway obstruction during sleep, due to hypotonia and the anatomy of the oropharynx and airway, which make these patients susceptible to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). In our case, pulmonary hypertension was caused, successively, by congenital heart defects (a large patent ductus arteriosus and arch hypoplasia) and obstructive sleep apnea during early infancy. The congenital heart defects were surgically corrected, but persistent pulmonary hypertension was identified 2 months after the operation. This pulmonary hypertension was due to OSA, and it was relieved by nasal continuous positive airway pressure. This case is the first report of pulmonary hypertension from OSA in a young infant with RTS.
    Korean Journal of Pediatrics 06/2012; 55(6):212-4.
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    ABSTRACT: High-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy is the highly effective and standard treatment for Kawasaki disease (KD). However, ~20 % of KD patients have persistent fever or recurrence of fever after the initial IVIG treatment, which increases the risk for coronary artery lesions (CALs). Furthermore, the mechanism of IVIG resistance in KD patients still is unknown. The number of CC chemokine ligand 3-like 1 (CCL3L1) gene copies is reported to be associated with KD and IVIG resistance in Japanese patients. In addition, the authors observed significant upregulation of the CCL3L1 gene expression after in vitro immunoglobulin treatment in B cell lines derived from KD patients. Therefore, this study of 459 KD patients and 496 healthy control subjects tested whether the number of CCL3L1 gene copies is associated with a risk of KD, CALs, and/or IVIG resistance in Korean KD patients. However, the number of CCL3L1 gene copies was not associated with KD (P = 0.18), CAL formation (P = 0.062), or the IVIG resistance (P = 0.90). Therefore, the results indicate that the number of CCL3L1 gene copies does not have a role in susceptibility to KD or CALs nor with IVIG resistance in Korean KD patients.
    Pediatric Cardiology 03/2012; · 1.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pulmonary arterial stenosis is a relatively common complication after corrective operation of congenital heart disease. Unilateral stenosis of pulmonary arteries could result in decrease perfusion of affected lung, pulmonary regurgitation, or elevation of right ventricular pressure. Eventually there are increasing risks of right ventricular failure, arrhythmia, or sudden death. However we have limited data of pulmonary arterial stent in paediatric population as the treatment of branch pulmonary stenosis. This study aimed at validating the effectiveness and investigating complications of pulmonary arterial stent implantation in a single institution during mid-term follow up period. A total of 42 patients (50 stents) were implanted for treating branch pulmonary arterial stenosis. We used cardiac catheterization for comparing diameter after stent implantation directly and lung perfusion scan indirectly. We also investigated any adverse effect relating the procedure. Percent stenosis of stenotic lesions were decreased from 54.1±10.7% to 22.8±12.5% (p<0.001) and degree of decrement in affected lung perfusion was declined from 22.7±8.0% to 10.3±9.0% (p<0.001) immediately and lasts during mid-term follow up period. Complication rate relating the procedure was 12% (6 out of 12) and there was no mortality case. This series showed immediate and short term effectiveness of pulmonary arterial stent in congenital heart defects. We concluded that percutaneous transcatheter implantation of pulmonary arterial stent was safe and effective during short and mid-term follow up period.
    Korean Circulation Journal 01/2012; 42(1):40-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Surgical skill and strategy for the correction of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) have improved and resulted in satisfactory outcomes. However, prematurity and low birth weight continue to remain risk factors for poor outcomes. We present a case of a 2,150 g neonate born with TOF, in whom palliation was achieved with right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) stenting. Seventy-seven days after the procedure, stenosis of RVOT below the stent was identified. At that time his body weight was 4.9 kg and total corrective surgery was deemed feasible. Eight months following surgical repair, the patient remained well without medical intervention. RVOT stenting may be a viable interim procedure while waiting for a low birth weight neonate born with TOF and prostaglandin E1 dependency to reach optimal weight to undergo corrective surgery.
    Korean Circulation Journal 12/2011; 41(12):744-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Kawasaki disease (KD) is the most common cause of acquired heart disease in children. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is the standard therapy for KD, but more than 10% of KD patients do not respond to IVIG and are at high risk for the development of coronary artery lesions (CALs). To identify clinical and genetic risk factors associated with CAL development and IVIG nonresponsiveness, this study analyzed the clinical data for 478 Korean KD patients. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that incomplete KD, IVIG nonresponse, fever duration of 7 days or longer, and the CC/AC genotypes of the rs7604693 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the PELI1 gene were significantly associated with the development of CALs, with odds ratios (ORs) ranging from 2.06 to 3.04. The risk of CAL formation was synergistically increased by the addition of individual risk factors, particularly the genetic variant in the PELI1 gene. Multivariate analysis also showed that a serum albumin level of 3.6 g/dl or lower was significantly associated with nonresponsiveness to IVIG [OR, 2.76; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.34-5.68; P = 0.006]. Conclusively, incomplete KD, IVIG nonresponsiveness, long febrile days, and the rs7604693 genetic variant in the PELI1 gene are major risk factors for the development of CALs, whereas low serum albumin concentration is an independent risk factor for IVIG nonresponsiveness.
    Pediatric Cardiology 11/2011; 33(4):513-20. · 1.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Kawasaki disease is a systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology, with clinical observations suggesting a substantial genetic contribution to disease susceptibility. We conducted a genome-wide association study and replication analysis in 2,173 individuals with Kawasaki disease and 9,383 controls from five independent sample collections. Two loci exceeded the formal threshold for genome-wide significance. The first locus is a functional polymorphism in the IgG receptor gene FCGR2A (encoding an H131R substitution) (rs1801274; P = 7.35 × 10(-11), odds ratio (OR) = 1.32), with the A allele (coding for histadine) conferring elevated disease risk. The second locus is at 19q13, (P = 2.51 × 10(-9), OR = 1.42 for the rs2233152 SNP near MIA and RAB4B; P = 1.68 × 10(-12), OR = 1.52 for rs28493229 in ITPKC), which confirms previous findings(1). The involvement of the FCGR2A locus may have implications for understanding immune activation in Kawasaki disease pathogenesis and the mechanism of response to intravenous immunoglobulin, the only proven therapy for this disease.
    Nature Genetics 11/2011; 43(12):1241-6. · 35.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) is a life-threatening and poorly understood complication after the Fontan operation. We sought to determine the pre-operative risk factors for PLE which developed after the extracardiac conduit Fontan operation. METHODS: Two hundred thirty-five patients who underwent the extracardiac conduit Fontan operation as an initial Fontan type procedure (median age at operation: 3.5years) were enrolled in this cross-sectional retrospective study. Pre-operative and peri-operative variables were surveyed through a review of medical records. RESULTS: Within the median follow-up duration of 5years, 12 patients developed PLE (12/234, 5.1%) at a median interval of 2.2years after the Fontan procedure, and 4 died of PLE at a median interval of 1.2years (range 0.21-7.62) after diagnosis. Factors found to be related to the time to the development of PLE on univariate analysis were pulmonary vascular compliance (Cpv) (p=0.0019), central venous pressure at postoperative 12hours (p=0.0026), days of ICU stay (P=0.0449), days of hospitalization (p=0.0135), and days of chest tube indwelling (p=0.0493). Multivariate analysis, however, showed that only Cpv (p=0.0367) remained significant. The range of Cpv was 8.8-26.1mm(2)/m(2)/mmHg (median 17.9) in patients with PLE, and 6.6-122.3mm(2)/m(2)/mmHg (median 26.8) in patients without PLE. CONCLUSIONS: Low pulmonary vascular compliance is associated with the development of PLE after the extracardiac conduit Fontan operation.
    International journal of cardiology 09/2011; · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Optimal management of muscular ventricular septal defects (MVSD) is still not determined in the current era. Moreover, long-term left ventricular function after closure of MVSD is not well known. Thus, we investigated surgical outcomes including long-term left ventricular function after closure of MVSD through left ventriculotomy. We conducted a retrospective review of medical records of 20 children who underwent MVSD closure between March 1993 and August 2010. There were 10 boys (50%) and 10 girls (50%). Patient age ranged from 1.6 to 103.4 months (median, 26.4 months), and body weight from 2.8 to 31.5 kg (median, 11.9 kg). Electrocardiogram results were normal sinus rhythm in all except 1 patient with congenital complete atrioventricular block. There were 16 patients who previously had palliative pulmonary artery banding procedures before closure of MVSD. There were 13 patients (65%) with Swiss-cheese type VSD. There was 1 hospital death of a patient with congenital complete atrioventricular block with pacemaker malfunction (5%). There was 1 late death of a patient with del 22q with adenoviral pneumonia. There was no reoperation. Median follow-up duration was 85.9 months (range, 4.7 to 166.7). The location of MVSD was apical portion in 10 patients (50%) and midtrabecular portion in 9 patients (45%). There were 6 Dacron patch closures and 13 direct closures of MVSD through left ventriculotomy. There was no complete atrioventricular block. Last follow-up echocardiographic data showed normal ejection fraction with 65.2% ± 8.2% after closure of MVSDs. There was no leakage in 8 patients; 11 patients had insignificant leakage, which disappeared spontaneously in 4 patients 17.9 months (median value) after operation. Our acceptable long-term results of left ventricular function after left ventriculotomy proved that this technique might be a viable option in the management of MVSD.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 08/2011; 92(4):1490-3. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) has been considered a biochemical marker for myocarditis in Kawasaki disease. We performed this study to determine its quantitative significance. We attempted to correlate log-transformed BNP concentrations (log-BNP) and clinical, laboratory, and echocardiographic variables in 81 children with Kawasaki disease. Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis was used to determine the variables independently associated with log-BNP concentration. Serum C-reactive protein level (P<0.0001), serum alanine aminotransferase concentration (P=0.0032), white blood cell count (P=0.0030), and left ventricular mass index (P=0.0024) were positively related with log-BNP, and hemoglobin level (P<0.0001), serum albumin level (P<0.0001), Na(+) concentrations (P<0.0001), left ventricular fractional shortening (P=0.0080), and peak early diastolic tissue velocity of the left ventricular basal lateral segment (P=0.0045) were negatively related to the log-BNP concentration. Multiple regression analysis showed that serum albumin concentration (R(2)=0.31, P=0.0098) and left ventricular mass index (R(2)=0.09, P=0.0004) were significantly associated with the log-BNP concentration. Elevated BNP levels during the acute phase of Kawasaki disease may be attributable to cardiac dysfunction associated with the increase in left ventricular mass, and log-BNP concentration may be a quantitative biochemical marker of myocarditis in Kawasaki disease.
    Korean Journal of Pediatrics 08/2011; 54(8):340-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Because perivascular echo brightness (PEB) of coronary arteries has been proposed as a criterion for diagnosis of incomplete Kawasaki disease, we assessed the clinical importance of PEB during the acute phase of disease. We enrolled 58 patients with Kawasaki disease who underwent two-dimensional strain analysis of images of pericoronary tissue taken during the acute and the convalescent phases. Echogenicity of pericoronary tissue and of the blood pool was determined by speckle tracking in the respective areas of imaging as the averages of integrated backscatter over a single cardiac cycle. PEB was defined as echogenicity of pericoronary tissue minus blood pool. PEB did not differ in the acute phase in patients and control subjects (P = .10) and between phases of disease (P = .25). In comparison between patient groups, the presence of pericardial effusion was higher in patients with higher PEB during the acute phase (n = 30) than in the remaining patients (33% versus 4%, P < .01). PEB did not differ between patients and control subjects and is only associated with the presence of pericardial effusion during the acute phase of Kawasaki disease. Our data do not confirm the reliability of PEB as a useful diagnostic sign of incomplete Kawasaki disease.
    The Journal of pediatrics 04/2011; 159(3):454-457.e1. · 4.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although the outcome of neonatal cardiac surgery has dramatically improved, low body weight (LBW) is still considered an important risk for open heart surgery. The factors contributing to poor outcomes in LBW infants, however, are still unclear. We investigated risk factors for poor outcomes in infants weighing <2500 g who underwent surgical correction with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). From January 1995 to December 2009, 102 consecutive patients were included in this study. Median age and body weight at the time of surgery was 19 (range 1 to 365) days and 2.23 kg (range 1.3 to 2.5), respectively. Corrective surgery was performed on 75 infants. The median follow-up duration was 45.03 months (range 0.33 to 155.23). There were 23 (22.5%) hospital mortalities. Emergency surgery and low cardiac output (LCO) were associated with early mortality; however, body weight, Aristotle basic complex score, and type of surgery was not. Early morbidities, including delayed sterna closure, arrhythmia, and chylothorax, occurred in 39 (38.2%) infants. The overall actuarial survival rate at 10 years was 74.95% ± 4.37%. In conclusion, among infants weighing <2500 g who underwent open heart surgery with CPB, perioperative hemodynamic status, such as emergency surgery and LCO, strongly influenced early mortality. In contrast, LBW itself was not associated with patient morbidity or mortality.
    Pediatric Cardiology 02/2011; 32(5):578-84. · 1.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Here, we describe the clinical features of a boy with a 5.6-Mb deletion at chromosome 7p15.1-p15.3. He has mild facial anomalies, hand-foot abnormalities, hypospadias, congenital heart defects, and supernumerary nipples. This deletion was detected by array comparative genomic hybridization and verified by fluorescence in situ hybridization using BACs selected from the USCS genome browser. This deletion was not found in subsequent FISH analysis of the parental chromosomes. The deleted region contains several genes, including contiguous developmental genes on the HOXA cluster, which play a role in regulating aspects of morphogenesis during normal embryonic development. The patient's limb and urogenital features were similar to those observed in hand-foot-genital syndrome, which is caused by haploinsufficiency of HOXA13, whereas the congenital heart defect may reflect the deletion of HOXA3. We hypothesized that many clinical features of the patient were due to combined haploinsufficiency of the HOXA cluster. Our study also demonstrates the clinical usefulness of a molecular cytogenetic tool that is capable of detecting imbalances in the genome.
    American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 02/2011; 155A(3):642-7. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute self-limited vasculitis of infants and children that manifests as fever and signs of mucocutaneous inflammation. Coronary artery aneurysms develop in approximately 15-25% of untreated children. Although the etiology of KD is largely unknown, epidemiologic data suggest the importance of genetic factors in the susceptibility to KD. In order to identify genetic variants that influence KD susceptibility, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) using Affymetrix SNP array 6.0 in 186 Korean KD patients and 600 healthy controls; 18 and 26 genomic regions with one or more sequence variants were associated with KD and KD with coronary artery lesions (CALs), respectively (p < 1 × 10(-5)). Of these, one locus on chromosome 1p31 (rs527409) was replicated in 266 children with KD and 600 normal controls (odds ratio [OR] = 2.90, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.85-4.54, P (combined) = 1.46 × 10(-6)); and a PELI1 locus on chromosome 2p13.3 (rs7604693) was replicated in 86 KD patients with CALs and 600 controls (OR = 2.70, 95% CI = 1.77-4.12, P (combined) = 2.00 × 10(-6)). These results implicate a locus in the 1p31 region and the PELI1 gene locus in the 2p13.3 region as susceptibility loci for KD and CALs, respectively.
    Human Genetics 01/2011; 129(5):487-95. · 4.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) with infundibular septal deficiency (ISD) is commonly associated with postoperative right ventricular outflow tract obstruction (RVOTO), presumably caused by subpulmonary extension of ventricular septal defect (VSD) and restricted growth of the pulmonary valve annulus (PVA). We sought to determine the postoperative growth of the PVA after annulus preservation according to the presence or absence of the infundibular septum. A retrospective review of 90 patients who underwent surgical repair of ToF between June 1997 and August 2008 was performed. Median age at operation was 9.5 months. Infundibular septum was absent in 15 (15/90, 17%). PVA was preserved in 71 patients (71/90, 79%), including 13 patients with ISD (13/15, 87%). Median follow-up duration was 39 months (2 months to 13 years). There was no early mortality and one late noncardiac death. Among the patients with PVA preservation, reoperation for RVOTO was performed in 4 patients (4/71, 6%), including 3 patients without the infundibular septum. ISD was identified as the only risk factor in reoperation for RVOTO after PVA preservation (RR: 21.85, P = .007). Among the patients who underwent repair with PVA preservation during infancy (n = 43), PVA (Z-score) increased postoperatively in patients with the infundibular septum (+ 0.021/month, P = .009), whereas the changes in PVA (Z-score) were nonsignificant in patients with ISD (-0.021/month, P = .306), with a marginal intergroup difference (P = .056). PVA preservation in ToF with ISD may be associated with a higher risk for postoperative RVOTO, which can be attributed to the restricted growth of the PVA.
    The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 09/2010; 141(4):969-74. · 3.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate left ventricular myocardial deformation in children with Kawasaki disease during the acute phase of their illness. A total of 50 patients and 35 normal control subjects were assessed. Data were obtained from the patients during the acute and convalescent phases of Kawasaki disease. Analyses of myocardial deformation [strain (epsilon), strain rate (SR)] was performed using two-dimensional speckle-tracking imaging in three directions (longitudinal, circumferential, and radial) at the basal and mid levels of the left ventricular myocardium. Basal longitudinal epsilon (P < 0.001) and midlongitudinal epsilon (P < 0.0001) were lower during the acute phase of the disease than in the control subjects and associated with serum albumin level and left ventricular mass index (LVMI). Midlongitudinal SR (P < 0.0001) was lower during the acute phase of Kawasaki disease than in the control subjects and associated with LVMI. Decreased systolic SR was not detected in any direction. In conclusion, left ventricular longitudinal systolic epsilon was significantly decreased during the acute phase of Kawasaki disease. This may be a result of myocardial swelling from myocarditis during the acute phase of the disease.
    Pediatric Cardiology 08/2010; 31(6):807-12. · 1.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a woman with atrial septal defect and severe pulmonary hypertension with 25.0 Wood unit.m(2) of indexed total pulmonary vascular resistance. She underwent successful corrective repair of atrial septal defect after 2 years of treatment with sildenafil, and has been monitored for 4 years after repair. This case supports a "treat and repair" approach using advanced pulmonary vasodilator therapy in selected patients with inoperable severe pulmonary hypertension associated with atrial septal defect.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 05/2010; 89(5):1629-30. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aortic translocation has received growing attention in the management of complete transposition with ventricular septal defect and pulmonary stenosis, but the criteria regarding pulmonary stenosis for selecting this option have yet to be established. The aim of this study is to evaluate the significance of pulmonary annulus size with the outcome after the arterial switch operation. Between November 1996 and September 2008, 250 patients underwent the arterial switch operation for complete transposition. Among them, 8 patients with a pressure gradient greater than 30 mm Hg, bicuspid pulmonary valve, and an aortic Z-score of the pulmonary annulus less than 0 were included in this retrospective study. The median age was 19.1 months (range, 0.5-80.0 months). The median follow-up was 39.7 months (range 9.1-139.5 months). At latest follow-up, the Z-score of the neoaortic annulus increased from -1.50 + or - 1.13 (range, -3.42 to -0.35) to 1.10 + or - 1.15 (range, -0.8 to 2.10) (P < .01). No patient had a significant pressure gradient across the left ventricular outflow tract. There was 1 early death and there were no late deaths. Two reoperations were performed in 1 patient for neoaortic stenosis at 81 months and 110 months after the operation. Latest echocardiogram revealed grade 0 or 1 neoaortic insufficiency. It was possible to extend the indication for the arterial switch operation with acceptable outcome to the patient with a Z-score of about -3 of the pulmonary annulus despite bicuspid pulmonary valve. Inasmuch as the arterial switch operation has benefits over the other options, a large-scale study is required for more reasonable triage in this group of patients.
    The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 10/2009; 139(1):135-8. · 3.41 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

460 Citations
116.28 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005–2013
    • Asan Medical Center
      • • Department of Pediatrics
      • • Department of Radiology
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2012
    • Kosin University
      Tsau-liang-hai, Busan, South Korea
  • 2011–2012
    • Konkuk University Medical Center
      Changnyeong, South Gyeongsang, South Korea
  • 2009–2012
    • University of Ulsan
      • • College of Medicine
      • • Department of Pediatrics
      • • Asan Medical Center
      Urusan, Ulsan, South Korea
  • 2005–2012
    • Ulsan University Hospital
      Urusan, Ulsan, South Korea
  • 2007
    • University of Seoul
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea