Halil Kisacik

Kocaeli Derince Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Yaremdji, Kocaeli, Turkey

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Publications (51)103.97 Total impact

  • Herz 10/2013; · 0.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A significant number of patients may not benefit from conventional techniques of myocardial revascularization due to diffuse coronary artery disease (CAD) or small coronary arterial sizes because of smaller arteries causing anastomotic technical difficulties and poor run-off. Diabetic patients have a more severe and diffuse coronary atherosclerosis with smaller coronary arteries limiting the possibility to perform a successful and complete revascularization, but this has not been examined in prediabetics. To evaluate whether there is an association between prediabetes and the coronary arterial size. We prospectively studied 168 consecutive patients with CAD and 172 patients with normal coronary artery anatomy (NCA). Patients were divided into three groups according to hemoglobin (Hb) A1c levels as "normal," "prediabetic," and "diabetic" groups, and the coronary artery sizes and Gensini scores were analyzed. There were 78 female patients and 90 male patients in the CAD group, and 87 female patients and 85 male patients in the NCA group. There was a statistically significant difference in distal and proximal total coronary arterial size among the CAD and NCA groups for both genders. There was a positive correlation between the HbA1c subgroups and Gensini score (Spearman's ρ: 0.489, p<0.001 in female group; Spearman's ρ: 0.252 p=0.016 in male group). We found that prediabetic patients have a smaller coronary size and diffuse coronary narrowing for both genders, particularly in distal coronary arterial tree of left anterior descending coronary artery. The early detection of prediabetes in daily cardiology practice may provide more appropriate coronary lesion for percutaneous or surgical revascularization.
    Journal of Cardiology 09/2013; · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: In this study, a novel echocardiographic parameter in the evaluation of the presence of coronary artery disease (CAD) and aortic stiffness, aortic propagation velocity, was measured and compared with other conventional aortic stiffness parameters such as aortic strain and aortic distensibility. Also, the relation between aortic propagation velocity and carotid intima media thickness was evaluated. METHOD AND RESULTS: A total of 51 patients with CAD and 42 patients with normal coronary arteries as a non-CAD group were included in the study. Aortic propagation velocity was significantly lower in the CAD group (p<0.001). A statistically significant relation was detected between aortic propagation velocity and the maximum, mean, and overall carotid intima media thickness values for right and left carotid arteries (p<0.001). There was a statistically significant relation between aortic propagation velocity, aortic strain, and aortic distensibility (r=0.556, p<0.001 and r=0.483, p<0.001 respectively). CONCLUSION: Aortic propagation velocity is a novel and simple echocardiographic parameter of aortic stiffness which is feasible for non invasive cardiovascular risk stratification and selection of high risk individuals for CAD.
    Journal of Cardiology 06/2013; · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adiponectin, an adipose tissue derived cytokine, is known to have antiatherogenic and anti-inflammatory effects on endothelial cells and macrophages. Calcific aortic valve disease has a similar physiopathology to atherosclerosis. To investigate the relationship between adiponectin and calcific aortic valve disease. The study group consisted of 58 patients with calcific aortic stenosis and 24 healthy controls. Aortic stenosis patients were divided into three groups according to their valvular areas: mild (n = 11), moderate (n = 25), and severe (n = 22). Serum adiponectin levels and other biochemical parameters were measured. The aortic stenosis and control group were similar in terms of age, gender and cardiovascular risk factors. Adiponectin median values did not differ significantly between two groups (2.19 μg/mL [1.43-3.18], 1.79 μg/mL [1.34-3.42] aortic stenosis and control group, respectively; p = 0.7). Aortic stenosis patients were divided into three groups according to their valvular area as mild, moderate and severe. There were no differences when we compared adiponectin levels among those groups (mild: 2.10 μg/mL [1.47-3.31], moderate: 2.13 μg/mL [1.44-2.91], severe: 2.65 μg/mL [1.28-3.43]; p = 0.67). Age (r = 0.26, p = 0.045) and aspartate aminotransferase (r = 0.28, p = 0.04) had positive correlations with adiponectin; while white blood cell count (r = -0.32, p = 0.015), fasting blood glucose (r = -0.29, p = 0.03), haemoglobin (r = -0.27, p = 0.04) and triglyceride levels (r = -0.41, p = 0.002) had negative correlations. In our study, we did not find a relationship between adiponectin levels and calcific aortic valve disease.
    Kardiologia polska 01/2013; 71(3):241-6. · 0.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The predisposition to atrial fibrillation (AF) in mitral stenosis (MS) has been demonstrated with several electrocardiographic (increased P-wave dispersion) and echocardiographic parameters (atrial electromechanical delay). Despite the improvement in P-wave dispersion after percutaneous mitral balloon valvuloplasty (PMBV), the changes in echocardiographic parameters related to AF risk are unknown. In this study we aimed to investigate the acute effect of PMBV on atrial electromechanical delay (EMD) assessed by tissue Doppler echocardiography in addition to electrocardiographic parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-center study consisted of 30 patients with moderate or severe MS (23 females and seven males, aged 36.5 ± 8.5 years, with a mean MVA of 1.1 ± 0.2 cm(2)) who underwent successful PMBV without complication at our clinic and 20 healthy volunteers from hospital staff as a control group (16 females and four males, aged 35.4 ± 6 years). We compared the two groups in regard to clinical, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic features. The patients with MS were also evaluated after PMBV within 72 h of the procedure. The P-wave dispersion was calculated from12-lead ECG. Interatrial and intra-atrial EMDs were measured by tissue Doppler echocardiography. These ECG and echocardiographic parameters after PMBV were compared with previous values. RESULTS: The maximum P-wave duration (138 ± 15 vs. 101 ± 6 ms, p < 0.01), PWD (58 ± 18 vs 23 ± 4, p < 0.01), the interatrial (55 ± 16 vs 36 ± 11 ms, p < 0.01) and left-sided intra-atrial EMD (40 ± 11 vs 24 ± 12 ms, p < 0.01) were higher in patients with MS than in healthy subjects. The left atrial (LA) diameter, LA volume and LA volume index had positive association with the interatrial (r = 0.5, p < 0.01; r = 0.5, p < 0.01 and r = 0.5, p < 0.01, respectively) and left-sided intra-atrial EMD (r = 0.5, p < 0.01; r = 0.4, p < 0.01; r = 0.4, p < 0.01 respectively). After PMBV, the interatrial (55 ± 16 vs. 40 ± 11 ms, p < 0.01) and left-sided intra-atrial EMD (40 ± 11 vs 31 ± 10, p < 0.01) showed significant improvement compared to previous values. There was also a statistically significant difference in maximum P-wave duration and PWD between pre-and post-PMBV (138 ± 15 vs 130 ± 14, p < 0.01, and 58 ± 18 vs 49 ± 16, p < 0.01, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that PMBV has a favorable effect on the electrocardiographic and echocardiographic parameters related with AF risk in patients with MS.
    Herz 09/2012; · 0.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Collaterals, which develop in response to ischemic stimuli derived from coronary artery disease (CAD), contribute to reduction of infarct size, left ventricular dysfunction, and mortality. However, there is considerable variation among patients with coronary heart disease regarding the extent of coronary collateral development (CCD). In this study, we aimed to investigate the association of the degree of platelet activation via mean platelet volume (MPV) with coronary collateral circulation. Therefore, 210 patients who underwent coronary angiography and had coronary stenosis ≥50 % in at least one coronary artery were included in the study. Clinical information and analyses of blood samples were obtained from a review of the patients' chart. Blood samples for MPV were analyzed by K3 EDTA and collateral vessels were graded according to the Rentrop classification. In the study group, 150 of the 210 patients were found to have inadequate CCD. Although there was no difference between the two groups with regard to platelet count, MPV levels were significantly higher in the patients who had inadequate CCD (11.3 ± 1.0 fl vs. 9.5 ± 1.5 fl, p < 0.001). Furthermore, the Gensini score was significantly lower in patients who had inadequate CCD (45 ± 46 vs. 91 ± 35, p < 0.001). MPV, Gensini score, age, female gender, total cholesterol, red cell distribution width, triglyceride, and fasting glucose levels were found to have univariate association with poor CCD. In multivariate logistic regression model, MPV (OR = 2.45, p < 0.001) and Gensini score (OR = 0.98, p < 0.001) were found to be the independent predictors of impaired CCD. In receiver operator characteristic curve analysis, optimal cut-off value of MPV to predict inadequate CCD was found as >9.6 fl, with 96% sensitivity and 84.7% positive predictive value. In conclusion, we can say that MPV is an important, simple, effortless, and cost effective tool and can be useful in predicting the CCD in patients with significant CAD.
    Platelets 05/2012; · 2.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Due to an increasing number of cardiac device implantations, the number of leads that need to be extracted because of infection or lead failure is consistently rising. We present our experience in percutaneous lead removal in a single tertiary center. From December 2009 to August 2010, 12 patients underwent percutaneous lead extraction procedure by the Evolution™ mechanical dilator sheath (Cook Medical Inc., Bloomington, IN, USA) system after failure of manual traction and a locking stylet. Ages of the patients ranged between 7 and 86 years (mean age was 58 ± 12 years). Mean implantation time was 73 months (range between 12 and 244 months). Ten patients had one lead; only two patients had two leads. Indications for lead removal were: lead endocarditis in five patients, local (pocket) infection in four patients, and lead failure in three patients. All leads were successfully removed by using the device, except one lead which was one of the two leads in a patient with dual chamber pacemaker implanted 10 years ago. In three patients, same venous accesses (sheath of extraction system) were used to implant a new lead after removal of damaged leads without a new venous puncture. In only one patient, significant hematoma was found after the intervention and treated conservatively. No other significant complications were encountered in any patients. Damaged or infected leads can safely and relatively easily be extracted by using this new percutaneous extraction technique.
    Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology 02/2012; 35(5):514-8. · 1.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is related to the presence of coronary artery disease (CAD). Increased γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT) activity is associated with atherosclerosis. We assessed the relationship between EAT and serum GGT activity in addition to cardiovascular risk factors in patients with stable anginal symptoms. Consecutive patients (n = 120) who underwent coronary angiography were included. Epicardial adipose tissue thickness was measured by echocardiography. Serum GGT activity was measured by enzymatic colorimetric assay. Epicardial adipose tissue thickness and serum GGT activity were higher in patients with CAD (n = 83). Patients with metabolic syndrome (n = 83) were found to have higher EAT thickness. Serum GGT activity was independently associated with EAT values. In conclusion, echocardiographic EAT was significantly higher in patients with CAD and serum GGT activity correlated with EAT thickness.
    Angiology 01/2012; · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to determine whether plasma levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and soluble TNF receptor (sTNF-R) increases in rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS) patients with sinus rhythm and to examine the effect of percutaneous mitral balloon valvuloplasty (PMBV) on these parameters. Twenty-six patients with MS and sinus rhythm (study group, 20 female, mean age 33 +/- 8 years), who were scheduled for PMBV, and a well-matched control group consisting of 21 healthy volunteers (15 female, mean age 35 +/- 6 years) were enrolled in the study. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha and sTNF-R levels were compared between study patients and controls, and between peripheral and left atrium (LA) blood. Changes in TNF alpha and sTNF-R levels 24 h and 4 weeks after PMBV were analyzed. Significantly higher baseline TNF-alpha and sTNF-R levels were noted in the study group. In the study group, TNF-alpha and its receptors were also found to be higher in LA blood than in baseline peripheral blood. After PMBV, mitral valve area (MVA) increased and transmitral pressure gradient decreased significantly. At the 24th hour after PMBV, the TNF-alpha level decreased from 29.61 +/- 12.22 pg/ml to 22.42 +/- 8.81 pg/ml (P < 0.0001) and at the 4th week, from 22.42 +/- 8.81 pg/ml to 18.92 +/- 7.37 pg/ml (P < 0.0001). Similar reductions were observed in the sTNF-R level. Regression analysis between the difference in sTNF-R level measured 24 h after and before PMBV and the difference in MVA measured 24 h after and before PMBV showed a significant direct relationship between these variables. This study suggests that isolated rheumatic MS without atrial fibrillation is accompanied by increased TNF-alpha and sTNF-R level. The successful PMBV establishes a significant reduction in TNF-alpha and its receptors, probably due to improved postprocedural hemodynamic parameters.
    Heart and Vessels 03/2010; 25(2):131-7. · 2.13 Impact Factor
  • International Journal of Cardiology - INT J CARDIOL. 01/2010; 140.
  • International Journal of Cardiology - INT J CARDIOL. 01/2010; 140.
  • International Journal of Cardiology - INT J CARDIOL. 01/2010; 140.
  • T. Aksu, B. Uygur, N. Arat, H. Kisacik
    Atherosclerosis Supplements - ATHEROSCLER SUPPL. 01/2010; 11(2):201-201.
  • International Journal of Cardiology - INT J CARDIOL. 01/2010; 140.
  • International Journal of Cardiology - INT J CARDIOL. 01/2010; 140.
  • International Journal of Cardiology - INT J CARDIOL. 01/2010; 140.
  • International Journal of Cardiology - INT J CARDIOL. 01/2010; 140.
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    ABSTRACT: The intrinsic atrial vulnerability is proposed as one of the mechanisms of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) in Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. In this study, we examined the early changes in atrial refractoriness and intra- and inter-atrial conduction times after radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of accessory pathway (AP). Twenty-four consecutive patients with WPW syndrome and documented AV reciprocating tachycardia but without history of PAF (fourteen male, mean age 39 +/- 9.5 years) and 27 control subjects (six female, mean age 51.4 +/- 10.1 years) with AV nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) who underwent ablation of the slow AV nodal pathways were enrolled into the study. Regional atrial effective refractory periods (AERPs), AERP dispersion, and intra- and inter-atrial conduction times were obtained before and 30 min after ablation and were compared between two groups. In the study group, patients with and without inducible AF were also compared regarding these parameters. In the study group, AERPs in higher right atrium and right posterolateral atrium were significantly increased, and AERP dispersion, intra-atrial, and inter-atrial conduction times were significantly decreased after ablation; AERP in distal coronary sinus was unchanged. In control group, no significant difference was observed in these parameters. Inducibility of AF was significantly reduced following ablation of AP in the study group (from seven to zero of 24 patients, p = 0.016). Comparison between patients with (n = 7) and without (n = 17) AF revealed that left atrium diameter was larger, AERPs in the right posterolateral atrium before and after ablation, and ERP of AP were shorter in AF group. In WPW syndrome patients, RF catheter ablation of AP results in an 'immediate' decrease in atrial vulnerability. Since inducibility of AF becomes more difficult in this less vulnerable atrium, the AP itself may play an important role in the development of AF.
    Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology 10/2009; 26(3):217-24. · 1.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, factors leading to the failure of internal mammary artery grafting was investigated among patients with coronary bypass. In all, 1323 patients were evaluated. It was found that lower grade diameter stenosis in the native vessel during postoperative angiogram and wall motion score index independently affected the fate of internal mammary artery as a graft. Grafting with internal mammary artery to native vessels with lower grade stenosis and to myocardium with poor wall score might not be a rational approach.
    Angiology 05/2008; 60(2):201-6. · 2.37 Impact Factor
  • Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology 01/2008; 7(4):E1-2. · 0.72 Impact Factor