[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 52-year-old woman with rheumatoid arthritis who had been treated with prednisone and hydroxychloroquine for >12 years presented with chest discomfort and a seizure. She was diagnosed with restrictive cardiomyopathy combined with sick sinus syndrome. A myocardial muscle biopsy was performed to identify the underlying cardiomyopathy, which showed marked muscle fiber hypertrophy, fiber dropout, slightly increased interstitial fibrous connective tissue, and extensive cytoplasmic vacuolization of the myocytes under light microscopy. Electron microscopy of the myocytes demonstrated dense, myeloid, and curvilinear bodies. The diagnosis of hydroxychloroquine-induced cardiomyopathy was made based on the clinical, hemodynamic, and pathologic findings. This is the first case report describing chloroquine-induced cardiomyopathy involving the heart conduction system.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nevus depigmentosus (ND) is a congenital, non-progressive, hypopigmented lesion that is usually stable throughout an affected individual's lifetime. The clinical features of vitiligo are similar to those of ND, but the two diseases have different treatment responses and prognoses. We report here on a rare case of vitiligo that was coexistent with ND. Both conditions were treated with narrow-band UVB. An 11-year-old boy presented with two distinct types of hypopigmented lesions, one on the forehead and the other on his back. The first was a hypopigmented patch with leukotrichia, and it was incidentally discovered 3 months before the child was examined at our clinic and it had rapidly increased in size. The second hypopigmented patch was detected at birth and it had slowly been increasing in size. The hypopigmented lesion on the child's forehead was diagnosed as vitiligo, and the one on his back as ND. Once- or twice-weekly narrow-band UVB treatment was initiated. Improvements in the two lesions were assessed with clinical photography and using a Mexameter® (Courage-Khazaka Electronic, Germany), which is a pigment-measuring device.
Annals of Dermatology 11/2010; 22(4):482-5. · 0.61 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Adams-Oliver syndrome (AOS) is a congenital condition characterized by aplasia cutis congenita, transverse limb defects, and cutis marmorata telangiectatica. AOS can also be associated with extensive lethal anomalies of internal organs, including the central nervous, cardiopulmonary, gastrourointestinal, and genitourinary systems. Generally, the more severe these interrelated anomalies are, the poorer the prognosis becomes. In the relevant literature on this topic, it is somewhat unclear as to whether the prognosis of AOS without lethal anomalies alters the lifespan. We report a case of AOS with typical skin defects only, and no internal organ anomalies.
Annals of Dermatology 02/2010; 22(1):96-8. · 0.61 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Lichen spinulosus (LS) is a rare idiopathic cutaneous eruption characterized by follicular keratotic spiny papules that are grouped in large patches. Here, we report two cases of LS in the submental area, an uncommon site, which were treated effectively and safely with topical tacalcitol cream.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Malignant neoplasms arising in burn scars are well known. In previous literature, 25 cases of burn scar sarcomas were reported. However, dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans is very rare and only two cases have been reported. A 43-year-old Korean man presented with multiple erythematous clustered plaques and nodules and a skin-colored subcutaneous mass on the chest after a severe burn injury at the age of 8 years. A biopsy specimen revealed dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans. The tumor was excised widely to include the surrounding burn scar. Herein, we report this third case of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans arising from a burn scar.
Annals of Dermatology 11/2009; 21(4):416-8. · 0.61 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Syphilitic keratoderma is a rare cutaneous manifestation of secondary syphilis, characterized by symmetrical and diffuse hyperkeratosis of the palms and soles. In addition, no cases of syphilitic keratoderma and uveitis have been reported in the dermatologic literature. A 69-year-old woman presented with steroid-resistant hyperkeratotic patches on the palms and soles and uveitis for 4 months. As steroid-resistant uveitis must be evaluated for syphilis, viral infections, and autoimmune diseases, we ran several laboratory tests and the serologic test for VDRL was reactive (titer; 1:128). After treatment with penicillin G (4 MU, IV every 4 hours for 2 weeks), her skin lesions and visual disturbance were completely resolved. Therefore she was diagnosed as having syphilitic keratoderma and uveitis. Here, we report a rare case of syphilitic keratoderma concurrent with syphilitic uveitis and suggest that evaluation for syphilis may be required when skin lesions and ocular disturbance are resistant to long-term steroid therapy.
Annals of Dermatology 11/2009; 21(4):399-401. · 0.61 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pigmentary anomalies display a variety of different patterns. The phylloid pattern is characterized by a leaf-shaped arrangement reminiscent of floral ornaments. We describe a 20-year-old Korean man with hyperpigmented oblong patches and atypically short, thick hairs in a phylloid pattern on the face, the left shoulder, and the left side of the trunk. Associated musculoskeletal anomalies included equinovarus deformities, bilateral club foot, lumbar lordosis, spina bifida, and relative hypertrophy of the right thigh muscles.
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 05/2009; 60(4):697-700. · 4.91 Impact Factor