Wei-Zhang Shen

Shanghai Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (5)2.26 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Glanzmann thrombasthenia (GT) is an autosomal recessive bleeding disorder characterized by lack of platelet aggregation in response to most physiological agonists and caused by either a lack or dysfunction of the platelet integrin alphaIIbbeta3 (glycoprotein IIb/IIIa). Mucocutaneous bleeding manifestations and platelet dysfunction consistent with GT were observed in a 20-year-old proband of a Chinese family. To determine the molecular basis of GT and characterize the mutation by in vitro expression studies. Analysis of the patient's platelets by fluorescence-activated cell sorting demonstrated the presence of trace amounts of beta3, exposed on her platelet surface, but a complete absence of alphaIIbbeta3. Sequence analysis revealed a novel C470A transversion in exon 4 of the alphaIIb gene predicting a Pro126His alteration in the blade 2 of the alphaIIb beta propeller domain. The proband was homozygous for the mutation, the mother and the father were heterozygous, whereas 100 healthy subjects lacked this transversion. Chinese hamster ovary cells cotransfected with cDNAs of mutated alphaIIb and wild-type beta3 failed to express alphaIIbbeta3 on the cell surface as shown by FACS. Western blot analysis of the cell lysates showed no detectable mature alphaIIb. Immunoprecipitation with antibody against beta3 demonstrated pro-alphaIIb in the cells expressing the mutant alphaIIbbeta3, indicating pro-alphaIIbbeta3 complex formation. Intracellular immunofluorescence studies demonstrated the pro-alphaIIbbeta3 complex that co-localized with an ER marker, but showed minimal co-localization with a Golgi marker. A novel Pro126His mutation in alphaIIb compromised transport of the pro-alphaIIbbeta3 complex from the endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi, leading to intracellular retention. The impaired alphaIIbbeta3 transport is responsible for the thrombasthenia in this patient.
    Blood Cells Molecules and Diseases 11/2008; 42(1):44-50. · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the molecular mechanisms of Glanzmann thrombasthenia caused by alpha II b L721R and Q860X compound heterozygous mutation. All exons and exon-intron boundaries of alpha II b and beta3 gene were amplified by PCR and analyzed by direct DNA sequencing. Gene polymorphisms were excluded by direct DNA sequencing. Alpha II b L721R and Q860X mutants expressing vectors were constructed by in vitro site-directed mutagenesis. The expression of alpha II b L721R and Q860X mutants on transfected cell membrane were analyzed by flow cytometry and the whole expression level was confirmed by Western blot. The subcellular localizations of alpha II b L721R and Q860X mutants were determined by immunofluorescent confocal scanning microscopy. The alpha II b compound heterozygous mutations, T2255G (L721R) and C2671T (Q860X), were identified in the proband, the former being inherited from the maternal side and the latter the paternal side. The 293T cells cotransfected with mutated alpha II b L721R and wild-type beta3 expression plasmids expressed 2.1% of normal amount of alpha II b on the cell surface as shown by FACS, in contrast to 31.9% of normal amount of alpha II b on the cells cotransfected with cDNAs of mutated alpha II b Q860X and wildtype beta3 expression plasmids. Western blot of the cell lysates showed no detectable mature alpha II b in cells lysates with L721R mutant. While, truncated alpha II b protein was detected in cell lystes with Q860X mutant. Immunofluorescence studies demonstrated that both L721R and Q860X mutant pro-alpha II bbeta33 complex colocalized in endoplasmic reticulum, but a little in Golgi. The L721R and Q860X mutations of alpha II b prevent transport of the pro-alpha II bbeta3 complex from the endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi, hindering its maturation and surface expression. The impaired alpha II bbeta3 transport is responsible for the thrombasthenia.
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 10/2008; 29(9):577-82.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the molecular mechanisms of Glanzmann thrombasthenia caused by alpha IIb P126H mutation. Eukaryotic vector of alpha IIb P126H was constructed by PCR site-directed mutagenesis and then co-transfected with eukaryotic vector PCDM8 II a expressing the subunit beta3 into human renal epithelial cells of the line 293& and Chinese hamster ovarian cancer cells of the line CHO after sequencing. The membrane expression of alpha IIb P126H mutant was analyzed by flow cytometry and the whole expression was confirmed by Western blotting. The alpha IIb P126H mutant subcellular localization was determined by laser confocal scanning microscopy. The 293T cells cotransfected with cDNAs of mutated alpha IIb and wild-type beta3 failed to express alpha II bbeta3 on the cell surface as shown by FACS. Western blotting of the cell lysate showed no detectable mature alpha IIb. Immunofluorescence studies demonstrated proa II bbeta3 complex colocalized with an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) marker, but showed minimal colocalization with an Golgi marker. The P126H mutation in alpha IIb prevents transport of the pro-alpha II bbeta3 complex from ER to the Golgi body, thus hindering its maturation and surface expression. The impaired alpha II bp33 transport is responsible for the thrombasthenia.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 08/2008; 88(26):1832-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the clinical feature and alpha II b beta 3 gene mutations of three Glanzmann thrombasthenia (GT) pedigrees. Platelet counts (BPC), blood film, bleeding time, platelet aggregation and flow cytometry were used for phenotype diagnosis of all the patients. All the exons of alpha II b and beta 3 genes were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct sequencing was performed for mutational screening. One hundred and three healthy blood donors were as normal controls. Three probands showed normal BPC, defective platelets aggregation, prolonged bleeding time and significantly reduced platelet aggregation to ADP, epinephrine, and collagen, while relatively normal aggregation to ristocetin. Flow cytometry showed platelet surface expressed alpha II b beta 3 was strongly reduced in proband 1 and proband 3 and mildly reduced in the amount of surface expressed alpha II b beta 3 (63%) in proband 2. Sequencing results showed that proband 1 had a G10A homozygous mutation in alpha II b, and a G1412T homozygous mutation in beta3. Compound heterozygous mutations in beta3, G1199A and 1525delC were identified in proband 2. No mutations in alpha II b beta 3 gene were identified in proband 3. Compound homozygous mutations, GI0A in alpha II b and G1412T in beta3, lead to GT in proband 1. Compound heterozygous mutations in beta3, G1199A and 1525delC, lead to GT in proband 2. The mutations of G10A, G1412T and 1525delC were reported for the first time in GT patients.
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 04/2008; 29(3):149-53.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the antithrombotic mechanisms of holothurian glycosaminoglycan (GAG) extracted from sea cucumber. Human endothelial cell line EA. hy926 cells were treated with 10 mg/L GAG or 10U/mL unfractionated heparin (UFH) by short-term (15 min - 2 h) and longer-time incubation (6 h - 48 h). Different doses of GAG were used to stimulate EA. hy926. Released free tissue factor pathway inhibitor(TFPI) was determined by ELISA assay. TFPI expression was investigated by immunofluorescent method and TFPI mRNA level by real-time PCR. In a 96-wells microtitre plate, pooled normal plasma containing different concentrations of GAG was allowed to clot by addition of thrombin and calcium chloride, fibrinolysis was induced by addition of t-PA. TRR (TAFI-related retardation of clot lysis) was used to assess thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor(TAFI) functional activity. GAG increased TFPI synthesis, expression and secretion in a dose- and time dependent manner. GAG at low concentrations could lengthen while at intermediate concentrations could shorten clot lysis times significantly as compared to control values. TRR was dose-dependently decreased on addition of GAG. GAG increases TFPI synthesis, expression and secretion of endothelial cells. GAG at intermediate concentrations significantly affects clot stability of a developing clot by means of diminishing TAFI activation.
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 10/2006; 27(9):579-83.

Publication Stats

2 Citations
2.26 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008
    • Shanghai Ruijin Hospital
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2006–2008
    • Ruijin Hospital North
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China