T Sacco

Catholic University of the Sacred Heart , Milano, Lombardy, Italy

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Publications (13)24.87 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The use of suction catheter (SC) has been shown to improve success rate during ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (PLMA) insertion in expert users. The aim of this study was to compare insertion of PLMA performed by untrained physicians using a SC or the digital technique (DT) in anaesthetised non-paralysed patients. In this prospective randomised double-blind study, conducted in the operating setting, 254 patients (American Society of Anaesthesiologists I-II, aged 18-65 years), undergoing minor surgery were enrolled. Exclusion criteria were body mass index >35 kg/m(2), laryngeal or oesophageal varices, risk of aspiration or difficult face mask ventilation either referred or suspected (Langeron's criteria ≥2) and modified Mallampati classification score >2. Participants were randomly allocated to one of the two groups in which PLMA was inserted using DT (DT-group) or SC (SC-group). Chi-square test with Yates' correction, Mann-Whitney U-test or Student's t-test were carried-out as appropriate. The final insertion success rate was greater in SC-groupcompared with DT-group 90.1% (n = 109) versus 74.4% (n = 99) respectively (P = 0.002). Mean airway leak pressure was higher in SC-group compared to DT-group (23.7 ± 3.9 vs. 21.4 ± 3.2 respectively; (P = 0.001). There were no differences in insertion time, post-operative airway morbidity and complications. The findings of this study suggest that SC-technique improves the success rate of PLMA insertion by untrained physicians.
    Indian journal of anaesthesia 01/2014; 58(1):25-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Between 0.5% and 2% of surgical patients undergoing general anesthesia may experience awareness with explicit recall. These patients are at a risk for developing anxiety symptoms which may be transient or can lead to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The aim of this review was to assess the prevalence of PTSD after intraoperative awareness episodes and analyze patients' complaints, type and timing of assessment used. PubMed, MEDLINE and The Cochrane Li-brary were searched up until October 2012. Prospective and retrospective studies on human adult subjects describing prevalence of PTSD and/or psychological sequalae after awareness episodes were included. Seven studies were identified. Prevalence of PTSD ranged from 0 to 71%. Acute emotions such as fear, panic, inability to communicate and feeling of helplessness were the only patients' complaints that were significantly correlated to psychological sequelae including PTDS. There were cases that reported psychological symptoms after 2-6 hours from awakening (%) or 30 days after (%). Previous studies used psychological scales lacking of dissociation assessment. Whenever an awareness episode is suspected, a psychological assessment with at least three interviews at 2-6 h, 2-36 h and 30 days must be performed in order to collect symptoms associated with both early and delayed retrieval of traumatic event. As a dissociative state could hide the expression of reactive symptoms after intraoperative awareness, future studies should be focused on detecting dissociative symptoms in order to carry out a prompt and appropriate treatment aimed at avoiding long-term psychological disability.
    European review for medical and pharmacological sciences 07/2013; 17(13):1730-7. · 1.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Previous investigations on risk factors for orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) surgery have not analyzed hemodynamic aberrations in great detail. Moreover, the usefulness of esophageal Doppler monitoring has not been extensively studied in this clinical setting. The aim of this study was to evaluate if the occurrence of primary graft dysfunction (PGD) may be anticipated by hemodynamic indexes measured by esophageal Doppler (ED) monitoring system as well as by pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) in patients undergoing OLT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 38 OLT recipients were studied. Patients with acute liver failure or having non treated esophageal varices and those transplanted with marginal donors were excluded from the study. The haemodynamic data - measured by ED monitoring system (HemosonicTM 100, Arrow, OK, USA) and PAC - collected at the following 3 time points were considered for statistical analysis: 30 minutes after the induction of anesthesia but before skin incision, T0; 20 minutes after liver dissection, T1; at the beginning of biliary reconstruction, T2. On the basis of early outcome (72 hours after OLT), patients were distinguished into two groups: those with PGD (grade III-IV of Toronto classification) and those without PGD (grade I-II). RESULTS: LVETc (left ventricular ejection time) values, registered at the beginning of biliary reconstruction (T2), were lower in patients with PGD compared to those without PGD (p < 0.000), while there were no differences in hemodynamic parameters derived from PAC between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Since LVETc is related to preload, the results of this study would suggest that normovolemia could be the end point of a fluid replacement strategy in OLT setting.
    European review for medical and pharmacological sciences 10/2012; 16(10):1433-1440. · 1.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hypercapnia can result from carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum and adversely affect the postoperative period, particularly in morbidly obese patients. The purpose of the present study was to examine carbon dioxide homeostasis using a metabolic monitor in morbidly obese and normal weight patients during laparoscopic surgical procedures. The setting was a university hospital in Italy. The data from 25 patients with a body mass index of 47.7 ± 5.5 kg/m(2) undergoing laparoscopic gastric mini-bypass were compared with the data from 25 normal weight patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The minute ventilation was adjusted to maintain a normal arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide and normal end-tidal partial pressure of carbon dioxide throughout surgical procedures. The arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide, end-tidal partial pressure of carbon dioxide, total exhaled carbon dioxide per minute, and arterial blood gas analysis were obtained at 10-minute intervals, along with other cardiorespiratory parameters. The total exhaled carbon dioxide per minute increased by the same percentage in both groups (around 20%). In the laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients, a definite plateau in the total exhaled carbon dioxide per minute was observed within 20 minutes from the start of pneumoperitoneum but not in the morbidly obese patients. After desufflation, the total exhaled carbon dioxide per minute returned more rapidly to the baseline values in the laparoscopic cholecystectomy group than in the morbidly obese group (17.4 ± 6.2 and 24.1 ± 8.3 min, respectively). The results of our study have shown that the load of carbon dioxide insufflated is well tolerated in morbidly obese patients, as well as in normal patients, with proper intraoperative ventilation adjustments. However, after pneumoperitoneum, the return to a normal total exhaled carbon dioxide per minute required a longer period in the morbidly obese group. Prolonged mechanical ventilation is therefore advisable in morbidly obese patients.
    Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases 07/2011; 8(5):590-4. · 4.12 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Anaesthesiology - EUR J ANAESTH. 01/2010; 27:48-49.
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    ABSTRACT: Determination of cardiac output (CO) is crucial for perioperative monitoring of orthotopic liver transplant (OLT) recipients. A pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) has always been considered the "gold standard" of hemodynamic monitoring. The aim of this study was to evaluate the suitability of a transesophageal echo-Doppler device (ED) as a minimally invasive device to measure CO in OLT. ED was compared with the standard PAC technique taking into account the disease severity of OLT recipients as defined by the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score. We enrolled 42 cirrhotic patients scheduled for OLT 3 thermodilution CO measurements were taken by a PAC and the most recent ED measurement (CO(ED)) was also recorded. Paired measurements of CO were performed at standard times, unless there were additional clinical needs. Recipients were stratified into 3 groups according to MELD score: MELD score < or = 15 (14 patients); MELD score between 16 and 28 (17 patients); and MELD score > or = 29 (11 patients). We performed 495 paired measurements of CO. Mean bias was 0.34 +/- 0.9 L/min and limits of agreement were -1.46 and 2.14 L/min. In patients with MELD score <15, the bias was 0.12 +/- 0.55. The ED results were not interchangeable with PAC, because of the large limits of agreement. However, in cirrhotic patients with MELD scores <15, the precision of the new method was similar to that of PAC; therefore, in this subset of patients, it may represent a reliable alternative to PAC.
    Transplantation Proceedings 01/2009; 41(1):198-200. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In obese patients, concomitant use of clonidine and ketamine might be suitable to reduce the doses and minimize the undesired side effects of anesthetic and analgesic drugs. In this study, we evaluated the perioperative effects of administration of clonidine and ketamine in morbidly obese patients undergoing weight loss surgery at a university hospital in Rome, Italy. A total of 50 morbidly obese patients undergoing open biliopancreatic diversion for weight loss surgery were enrolled. The patients were randomly allocated into a study group (n = 23) receiving a slow infusion of ketamine-clonidine before anesthesia induction and a control group (n = 27) who received standard anesthesia. The hemodynamic profile, intraoperative end-tidal sevoflurane and opioid consumption, tracheal extubation time, Aldrete score, postoperative pain assessment by visual analog scale, and analgesic requirements were recorded. The patients in the study group required less end-tidal sevoflurane, lower total doses of fentanyl (3.8 +/- 0.3 gamma/kg actual body weight versus 5.0 +/- 0.2 gamma/kg actual body weight, respectively; P <.05) and had a shorter time to extubation (15.1 +/- 5 min versus 28.2 +/- 6 min, P <.05). The Aldrete score was significantly better in the postanesthesia care unit in the study group. The study group consumed less tramadol than did the control group (138 +/- 57 mg versus 252 +/- 78 mg, P <.05) and had a lower visual analog scale score postoperatively during the first 6 hours. The preoperative administration of low doses of ketamine and clonidine at induction appears to provide early extubation and diminished postoperative analgesic requirements in morbidly obese patients undergoing open bariatric surgery.
    Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases 11/2008; 5(1):67-71. · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An ideal anesthetic regimen for kidney transplantation should be able to assure haemodynamic stability to obtain an optimal graft reperfusion. The aim of this study was to compare 2 regimens of anesthesia for patients submitted to kidney transplantation. We studied 40 patients: 20 subjects (Group A) received balanced anesthesia with thiopental, fentanyl and isoflurane, to the others 20 (Group B), a total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with propofol and remifentanyl was given. In both groups muscle relaxation was obtained with a bolus of cisatracurium followed by a continuous infusion. We performed standard clinical, invasive blood pressure and central venous pressure monitoring. Hemodyna-mic data have been collected at standard times. During the postoperative period we evaluated the recovery (Aldrete Score) in the recovery room and the analgesia (VAS) at 1, 6, 24 h after the end of surgery. The trend of hemodynamic parameters did not show statistically significant differences between the 2 groups. We observed statistically significant differences concerning the quality of the recovery and the postoperative analgesia. The recovery in group B was faster than in group A, but in group A the pain control was better than in group B at least during the first postoperative hour. For their pharmacokinetic properties, propofol, remifentanyl and cisatracurium allow to obtain a good control of the hemodynamic parameters and a fast and safe recovery of consciousness. Total intravenous anesthesia regimen seems to be an alternative to the balanced anesthesia for patients undergoing kidney transplantation.
    Minerva anestesiologica 01/2006; 72(7-8):627-35. · 2.82 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Anaesthesiology - EUR J ANAESTH. 01/2005; 22.
  • Obesity Surgery 01/2004; 14(6):866-7. · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Anesthetized morbidly obese patients often exhibit impaired pulmonary gas exchanges, mostly because of a reduction in functional residual capacity. At present, several approaches are suggested to ventilate these patients. The efficiency of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and reverse Trendelenburg position (RTP) were compared in order to improve oxygenation in 20 morbidly obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery. Both PEEP and RTP determined a significant decrease in alveolar-arterial oxygen difference and an increase in total respiratory compliance (Ctot). RTP resulted in lower airway pressures than PEEP with similar improvements in Ctot and oxygenation. Concerning hemodynamic parameters, cardiac output (CO) significantly decreased with both PEEP and RTP. RTP and PEEP can be considered adequate ventilatory settings for morbidly obese patients, without any significant difference with regard to gas exchange improvement. However, the decrease in CO may partially counteract the beneficial effects on oxygenation of these ventilatory settings.
    Obesity Surgery 09/2003; 13(4):605-9. · 3.10 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Anaesthesiology 01/2001; 18:19. · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction. Splanchnic hypoperfusion appears to play a key role in the failure of functional recovery of the graft after orthotopic liver transplantation (LT). The aim of this study was to determine if alterations of tonometric parameters, which are related to splanchnic perfusion, could predict poor graft function in patients undergoing LT. Materials and methods: After Ethics Committee approval, 68 patients undergoing LT were enrolled. In all the patients, regional-arterial CO2 gradient (Pr-aCO2) was recorded; in addition, the difference between Pr-aCO2 recorded at anhepatic phase (T1) and at the end of surgery (T2) (T2- T1 = ΔPr-aCO2) was calculated. Poor graft function was determined on the basis of Toronto's classification 72 hours after LT. Student t-test and logistic regression analysis were used for statistical purpose. Results. ΔPr-aCO2 was significantly greater in patients with poor graft function (3.5 ± 13.2) compared to patients with good graft function (-5.8 ± 12.3) (p = 0.014). The logistic regression analysis showed that the ΔPr-aCO2 was able to predict the onset of poor graft function (p = 0.037). A value of ΔPr-aCO2 ≥ -4 was associated with poor graft function with a sensibility of 93.3% and a specificity of 42.3%. Conclusion. Our study suggests that the change of Pr-aCO2 may be a valuable index of graft dysfunction. Gastric tonometry might give early prognostic information on the graft outcome, and it may aid clinicians in planning a more strict follow-up and proper interventions in order to improve graft survival.
    Annals of hepatology: official journal of the Mexican Association of Hepatology 13(1):54-9. · 1.67 Impact Factor