Marcel Betsch

Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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Publications (39)50.83 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Despite the high prevalence of low back pain during pregnancy there is still a lack in the understanding of its aetiology. Changes of the spinal posture due to the anatomical changes of the pregnant body seem to be in part responsible for the back pain. In this pilot study we assessed the potential to accurately measure the spinal posture and pelvic position during pregnancy without any harmful radiation using a spine and surface topography system.
    08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Systemic capillary leak syndrome is a rare and life threatening disease characterized by periodic episodes of hypovolemic shock due to leakage of plasma from the intravascular to the extravascular space. It is associated with hemoconcentration, hypoalbuminemia, and generalized edema. We report the case of a patient with idiopathic systemic capillary leak syndrome who developed an unexpected and potentially fatal abdominal and four-limb compartment syndrome. This was successfully treated with fasciotomies and medical treatment including terbutaline, theophylline, and corticosteroids. To the best of our knowledge this is the first report of this kind in the literature.
    Journal of medical case reports. 06/2014; 8(1):196.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate age differences in the response of the spine and pelvis to simulated leg length inequalities (LLIs). A total of 107 subjects, separated into three age groups (group 1: 20-39 years, group 2: 40-59 years, group 3: >60 years), were used to evaluate for any age effects in the response to LLIs. LLIs of +10, +20, and +30 mm were simulated with a simulation platform on both sides, and the respective changes of pelvic position (pelvic obliquity, pelvic torsion) and spinal posture (lateral deviation, surface rotation, kyphotic, and lordotic angles) were measured with a rasterstereographic system. In all three age groups an increase in LLI led to significant changes in the pelvic position as measured by the parameters of pelvic obliquity and torsion. No significant differences in the response of the pelvis to the LLIs were found between the age groups. In all age groups an increase in surface rotation and lateral deviation of the spine with increasing LLIs was found. However, none of these parameters responded significantly different between the three age groups. Under static conditions, LLIs lead to significant changes of the pelvic position and spinal posture. Despite all known age-related changes, no significant differences of the measured pelvic and spinal parameters in elderly patients as a response to the simulated LLIs occurred.
    European Spine Journal 01/2014; · 2.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: One possible alternative to the application of autologous bone grafts represents the use of autologous bone marrow concentrate (BMC). The purpose of our study was to evaluate the potency of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in combination with BMC. In 32 mini-pigs a metaphyseal critical-size defect was surgically created at the proximal tibia. The animals were allocated to four treatment groups of eight animals each (1. BMC+CPG group, 2. BMC+CPG+PRP group, 3. autograft group, 4. CPG group). In the BMC+CPG group the defect was filled with autologous BMC in combination with calcium phosphate granules (CPG), whereas in the BMC+CPG+PRP group the defect was filled with the composite of autologous BMC, CPG and autologous PRP. In the autograft group the defect was filled with autologous cancellous graft, whereas in the CPG group the defect was filled with CPG solely. After 6 weeks radiological and histomorphometrical analysis showed significantly more new bone formation in the BMC+CPG+PRP group compared to the BMC+CPG group and the CPG group. There were no significant differences between the BMC+CPG+PRP group and the autograft group. In the PRP platelets were enriched significantly about 4.7-fold compared to native blood. In BMC the count of mononuclear cells increased significantly (3.5-fold) compared to the bone marrow aspirate. This study demonstrates that the composite of BMC+CPG+PRP leads to a significantly higher bone regeneration of critical-size defects at the proximal tibia in mini-pigs than the use of BMC+CPG without PRP. Furthermore, within the limits of the present study the composite BMC+CPG+PRP represents a comparable alternative to autologous bone grafting.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(6):e100143. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: All available treatment options for osteochondral and chondral defects do not restore hyaline cartilage and are limited to decreasing associated pain, and maintaining or improving joint function. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential of erythropoietin (EPO) in combination with bone marrow aspiration concentrate (BMAC) in the treatment of osteochondral defects of mini-pigs. 14 Goettinger mini-pigs, in which a 6×10 mm osteochondral defect in the medial femoral condyle of both knee joints was created, were randomized into four groups: biphasic scaffold alone, scaffold with EPO, scaffold with BMAC and scaffold in combination with EPO and BMAC. After 26 weeks all animals were euthanized and histological slides were evaluated using a modified ÓDriscoll Score. In the therapy groups, areas of chondrogenic tissue that contained collagen II were present. Adding EPO (p = 0.245) or BMAC (p = 0.099) alone to the scaffold led to a non-significant increase in the score compared to the control group. However, the combination of EPO and BMAC in the implanted scaffold showed a significant improvement (p = 0.02) in the histological score. The results of our study show that in mini-pigs, the combination of EPO and BMAC leads to an enhanced osteochondral healing. However, additional research is necessary to further improve the repair tissue and to define the role of MSCs and EPO in cartilage repair.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(3):e92766. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This biomechanical study is the first to compare 3 fixation methods-bilateral fixed-angle plate, modified anterior tension wiring, and cannulated lag screws with anterior tension wiring-in multifragmentary distal patella fractures. A T-shaped 3-part fracture simulating a multifragmentary articular distal patella fracture (AO/OTA 34-C2.2) was created in 18 human cadaver knee specimens. Three groups were created using homogenous ages and bone mineral densities based on the fixation method received. Repetitive testing over 100 cycles was performed by moving the knee against gravity from 90° flexion to full extension. Failure was defined as fracture displacement greater than 2 mm. In all patellae using fixed-angle plates, an anatomical fracture reduction could be maintained throughout cyclic testing, whereas anterior tension wiring and lag screws with tension wiring showed significant fracture displacement after 100 cycles, with mean fracture gaps of 2.0±1.3 and 1.9±1.6 mm, respectively. The differences in fracture gaps between the fixed-angle plate group and the other 2 groups were statistically significant. In both groups using tension wiring, half of the constructs (3 of 6 in each group) failed due to a fracture displacement greater than 2 mm. The bilateral fixed-angle plate was the only fixation method that sustainably stabilized a multifragmentary articular distal patella fracture during cyclic loading when compared with modified anterior tension wiring and cannulated lag screws with anterior tension wiring.
    Orthopedics 11/2013; 36(11):e1437-43. · 1.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: : Arthroscopic suture fixation of tibial eminence fractures using FiberWire is a favorable therapeutic option. The application of biodegradable material may be of advantage especially during childhood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the biomechanical properties using the biodegradable suture materials PDS II and Vicryl compared with FiberWire. : Bone mineral density was evaluated by pqCT in 18 human knee specimens and 3 similar groups were formed. A standardized anterior tibial eminence fracture was created and suture fixation was performed using each suture material (PDS II, Vicryl, FiberWire) in 6 specimens. Cyclic testing and destructive loading to failure was conducted. : Both testing modalities showed PDS II to be inferior to the other evaluated suture materials. Although significantly higher failure loads were seen with FiberWire sutures, Vicryl yielded comparable stiffness in load-to-failure testing. No significant differences between Vicryl and FiberWire could be observed under nondestructive cyclic conditions. : Even though FiberWire yields a superior ultimate failure load, Vicryl presented comparable results under cyclic conditions. : For tibial eminence fractures in children, Vicryl should be considered as an alternative biodegradable suture material. The use of PDS II cannot be advocated.
    Journal of pediatric orthopedics 06/2013; 33(4):409-14. · 1.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bone marrow concentrate (BMC) contains high densities of progenitor cells. Therefore, in critical size defects BMC may have the potency to support bone healing. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of BMC in combination with calcium phosphate granules (CPG) on bone defect healing in a metaphyseal long bone defect in mini-pigs. A metaphyseal critical-size bone defect at the proximal tibia of 24 mini-pigs was filled with CPG combined with BMC, CPG solely (control group) or with an autograft. Radiological and histomorphometrical evaluations after 6 weeks (42 days) showed significantly more bone formation in the BMC group in the central area of the defect zone and the cortical defect zone compared to the CPG group. At the same time the resorption rate of CPG increased significantly in the BMC group. Nevertheless, compared to the BMC group the autograft group showed a significantly higher new bone formation radiologically and histomorphometrically. In BMC the count of mononuclear cells was significantly higher compared to the bone marrow aspirate (3.5-fold). The mesenchymal progenitor cell characteristics of the cells in BMC were confirmed by flow cytometry. Cells from BMC created significantly larger colonies of alkaline phosphatase-positive colony forming units (CFU-ALP) (4.4-fold) compared to cells from bone marrow aspirate. Nevertheless, even in the BMC group complete osseous bridging was only detectable in isolated instances of the bone defects. Within the limitations of this study the BMC+CPG composite promotes bone regeneration in the early phase of bone healing significantly better than the isolated application of CPG. However, the addition of BMC does not lead to a solid fusion of the defect in the early phase of bone healing an still does not represent an equal alternative to autologous bone.
    Injury 05/2013; · 1.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Leg length inequalities (LLIs) can result in an increased energy consumption, abnormal gait or osteoarthritis of the hip. In a previous study we simulated different LLIs of up to 15 mm and evaluated their effects on the pelvic position and spinal posture. We found a correlation between LLIs and resulting changes of the pelvic position. Despite suggestions in the literature we were not able to detect significant changes of the spinal posture. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the amount of LLI that would in fact alter the spinal posture. METHODS: The subjects were placed on a simulation platform, whose height could be precisely controlled by the measuring device, to simulate different LLIs of up to 20 mm. For LLIs >20 mm, additional precision-cut wooden blocks were used under one foot. After an adaptation period the resulting changes of the pelvis and spine were measured with a rasterstereographic device. RESULTS: We found a significant correlation between platform height changes and changes of the pelvic position. The frontal spinal parameters surface rotation and lateral deviation changed significantly when simulating differences greater than 20 mm. No changes of the sagittal spinal curvature were measured, however, a trend to decreasing kyphotic angles was noted. CONCLUSIONS: Our study has shown for the first time that LLIs >20 mm will lead to significant changes in the spinal posture of healthy test subjects. However, these changes were only found in frontal (surface rotation and lateral flexion) spinal parameters, but not in sagittal parameters. Here for the kyphotic angle only a tendency to decreasing angles was noted. We have also found a significant correlation between different leg lengths and changes of the pelvic position. Further, females and males seem to react in the same way to LLIs.
    European Spine Journal 03/2013; · 2.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Children's posture has been of growing concern due to observations that it seems to be impaired compared to previous generations. So far there is no reference data for spinal posture and pelvic position in healthy children available. Purpose of this pilot study was to determine rasterstereographic posture values in children during their second growth phase. Three hundred and forty-five pupils were measured with a rasterstereographic device in a neutral standing position with hanging arms. To further analyse for changes in spinal posture during growth, the children were divided into 12-month age clusters. A mean kyphotic angle of 47.1°±7.5 and a mean lordotic angle of 42.1°±9.9 were measured. Trunk imbalance in girls (5.85 mm±0.74) and boys (7.48 mm± 0.83) varied only little between the age groups, with boys showing slightly higher values than girls. The trunk inclination did not show any significant differences between the age groups in boys or girls. Girls' inclination was 2.53°±1.96 with a tendency to decreasing angles by age, therefore slightly smaller compared to boys (2.98°±2.18). Lateral deviation (4.8 mm) and pelvic position (tilt: 2.75 mm; torsion: 1.53°; inclination: 19.8°±19.8) were comparable for all age groups and genders. This study provides the first systematic rasterstereographic analysis of spinal posture in children between 6 and 11 years. With the method of rasterstereography a reliable three-dimensional analysis of spinal posture and pelvic position is possible. Spinal posture and pelvic position does not change significantly with increasing age in this collective of children during the second growth phase.
    Orthopedic Reviews 02/2013; 5(1):e7.
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    ABSTRACT: Bone marrow aspiration concentrate (BMAC) may possess a high potency for cartilage and osseous defect healing because it contains stem cells and multiple growth factors. Alternatively, platelet rich plasma (PRP), which contains a cocktail of multiple growth factors released from enriched activated thrombocytes may potentially stimulate the mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in bone marrow to proliferate and differentiate. A critical size osteochondral defect (10×6 mm) in both medial femoral condyles was created in 14 Goettinger mini-pigs. All animals were randomized into the following four groups: biphasic scaffold alone (TRUFIT BGS, Smith & Nephew, USA), scaffold with PRP, scaffold with BMAC and scaffold in combination with BMAC and PRP. After 26 weeks all animals were euthanized and histological slides were cut, stained and evaluated using a histological score and immunohistochemistry. The thrombocyte number was significantly increased (p = 0.049) in PRP compared to whole blood. In addition the concentration of the measured growth factors in PRP such as BMP-2, BMP-7, VEGF, TGF-β1 and PDGF were significantly increased when compared to whole blood (p<0.05). In the defects of the therapy groups areas of chondrogenic tissue were present, which stained blue with toluidine blue and positively for collagen type II. Adding BMAC or PRP in a biphasic scaffold led to a significant improvement of the histological score compared to the control group, but the combination of BMAC and PRP did not further enhance the histological score. The clinical application of BMAC or PRP in osteochondral defect healing is attractive because of their autologous origin and cost-effectiveness. Adding either PRP or BMAC to a biphasic scaffold led to a significantly better healing of osteochondral defects compared with the control group. However, the combination of both therapies did not further enhance healing.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(8):e71602. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The assessment of spinal deformities with rasterstereography can enhance the understanding, as well as can reduce the number of x-rays needed. However, to date this technique only allows measurements under static conditions. Since it would be of great value to be able to also analyze the spine in dynamic conditions, the present study evaluated a novel rasterstereographic system. A new rasterstereographic device was evaluated in a comparison with the gold standard in motion analysis, the VICON system. After initial testing using 12 flat infrared markers adhered to a solid plate, the two systems were evaluated with the markers adhered onto the backs of 8 test subjects. Four triangles were defined using the markers, and the sides of each triangle were measured under static and dynamic conditions. On the solid plate, the sides of the 4 triangles were measured with a measuring tape and then by the two optical systems. Rasterstereography showed a high accuracy in marker detection on the solid plate. Under dynamic conditions, with the subjects walking on a treadmill, the rasterstereographically-measured side lengths were compared with the lengths measured by the VICON system as an assessment of marker detection. No significant differences (p>0.05) were found between the systems, differing only 0.07-1.1% for all sides of the four triangles with both systems. A novel rasterstereographic measurement device that allows surface and spine topography under dynamic conditions was assessed. The accuracy of this system was with one millimeter on a solid plate and during dynamic measurements, to the gold standard for motion detection. The advantage of rasterstereography is that it can be used to determine a three-dimensional surface map and also allows the analysis of the underlying spine.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(7):e70581. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Autologous bone marrow plays an increasing role in the treatment of bone, cartilage and tendon healing disorders. Cell-based therapies display promising results in the support of local regeneration, especially therapies using intra-operative one-step treatments with autologous progenitor cells. In the present study, bone marrow-derived cells were concentrated in a point-of-care device and investigated for their mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) characteristics and their osteogenic potential.Bone marrow was harvested from the iliac crest of 16 (Göttinger) minipigs. The mononucleated cells (MNC) were concentrated by gradient density centrifugation, cultivated, characterized by flow cytometry and stimulated into osteoblasts, adipocytes, and chondrocytes. Cell differentiation was investigated by histological and immunohisto-logical staining of relevant lineages markers. The proliferation capacity was determined via colony forming units of fibroblast and of osteogenic alkaline-phosphatase-positive-cells.The MNC could be enriched 3.5-fold in nucleated cell concentrate in comparison to bone marrow. Flow cytometry analysis revealed a positive signal for the MSC markers. Cells could be differentiated into the three lines confirming the MSC character. The cellular osteogenic potential correlated significantly with the percentage of newly formed bone in vivo in a porcine metaphyseal long-bone defect model.This study demonstrates that bone marrow concentrate from minipigs display cells with MSC character and their osteogenic differentiation potential can be used for osseous defect repair in autologous transplantations.
    Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology 11/2012; 26(1). · 1.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of our study was to investigate trends over time in the mortality of elderly patients after femoral neck fractures treated with bipolar hemiarthroplasty. Altogether 487 cases of femoral neck fracture treated with bipolar hemiarthroplasty were observed during a 20-year period. Mortality rates were calculated for five years postoperatively. To account for the age distribution of the study population standardised mortality ratios (SMR) with respect to the age-specific mortality of the German population were determined and compared. Additional changes of the SMRs over time and the influence of the time delay before surgery on long-term mortality were evaluated. Femoral neck fractures treated with bipolar hemiendoprosthesis have a significant impact on mortality. Postoperative mortality is increased in patients of all age groups, but the effect diminishes in higher age groups. The influence on mortality was significantly greater for men than for women. The SMR has decreased from 3.52 before 1995 to 1.2 after 2006. Since 2006 there is no longer an increase in mortality after surgical treatment of a femoral neck fracture compared to general German population of the same age. Femoral neck fractures treated with bipolar hemiendoprosthesis result in a significantly increased mortality, however in our population this impact has significantly decreased over time. The effect on mortality is less in women and higher age groups than in men and younger patients. No influence of the time between accident and surgery on mortality could be detected.
    International Orthopaedics 06/2012; 36(10):2021-6. · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: A bilateral fixed-angle plate was biomechanically compared to the two currently preferred methods of osteosynthesis for transverse patella fractures. It was hypothesized that the new angle-stable implant would provide a secure and sustainable fracture fixation, superior to the established standard techniques. METHODS: Twenty-one identical patellae made of polyurethane foam (Sawbones(®)), osteotomized to create a transverse two-part fracture, were fixed with modified anterior tension wiring, cannulated lag screws with anterior tension wiring or bilateral polyaxial 2.7-mm fixed-angle plates. The testing protocol consisted of 10,000 repetitive cycles using a non-destructive physiological load between 100 and 300 N at a simulated knee flexion of 60°. RESULTS: All 21 Sawbone(®)-patellae sustained repetitive loading up to 10,000 cycles without failing. The anterior tension wire group displayed significant displacement of the fracture gap (0.7 ± 0.2 mm) during cyclic loading, while both lag screws with tension wiring and bilateral fixed-angle plates showed no fracture gap widening at all (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The bilateral fixed-angle plate and cannulated lag screws with anterior tension wiring preserved a constantly reduced fracture gap over 10,000 tensile cycles in contrast to modified anterior tension wiring, which exhibited significant widening of the gap after initial loading. Results of in vitro testing indicate that bilateral fixed-angle plates provide sustainable fixation stability offering a promising new option in the treatment for transverse patella fractures.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 04/2012; · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The management of knee osteoarthritis includes the use of wedged shoe insoles to unload the affected knee compartment. Although the biomechanical effects of shoe insoles on the knee joint are known and described, only little is known about their influence on the pelvis and spine. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of different foot positions, such as how they could be achieved by shoe insoles, on pelvic position and spinal posture. A total of 51 test subjects were measured for this study. The different foot positions (inner and outer margin increase, positive and negative heel height) were simulated with a specially designed stand platform. A rasterstereographic device was used to measure the immediate effects of the simulated foot positions on the pelvic position and spinal posture. Positive and negative heel heights as well as an increase of the outer margin of the platform led to significant changes of the pelvic tilt. The pelvic torsion also changed significantly during positive heel height changes of 10 and 15 mm and increases of the outer margin of the foot. No significant changes were found between foot position and spinal parameters. The results of our study support the existence of a kinematic chain, where changes of foot position also led to significant alterations of the pelvic position. Whether these changes could lead to long-term pathologic alterations still needs to be evaluated. However, in our setting, no correlation between foot position and spinal posture changes was found.
    Arthritis care & research. 12/2011; 63(12):1758-65.
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    ABSTRACT: Surgical treatment of femoral neck fractures is associated with a significant impact on quality of life. The aim of this study was to determine the long-term influence of displaced femoral neck fractures treated by bipolar hemiarthroplasty on the activities of daily living, quality of life and social dependency. We studied 487 geriatric patients treated in the years 1989 to 2003. At the beginning of follow-up in 2004, 166 patients were alive and evaluation was carried out on 145 patients (87.3%) at 91.3 (14 - 244) months postoperatively by a standardized questionnaire. All enrolled patients had been treated with cemented bipolar hemiarthroplasty for a displaced femoral neck fracture. Patients were evaluated concerning their average pre- and postoperative ability to walk, the need for assisting devices, type of residency and the SF-12® Score. Femoral neck fracture and hemiarthroplasty had a significant influence on all recorded aspects of quality of life. Even though almost two thirds of the patients needed assisting devices to walk after surgery, about two thirds returned to their original type of accommodation and the majority reached their original degree of mobility. Compared to a normal population no significant impact was observed on the quality of life measured by the SF-12® score. We consider bipolar hemiarthroplasty an effective treatment option for displaced femoral neck fractures in geriatric patients. Most patients returned to their original type of accommodation and level of mobility, even though the majority required a number of assisting devices to do so.
    Hip international: the journal of clinical and experimental research on hip pathology and therapy 11/2011; 21(6):751-6. · 0.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: People who have become victims of violence have manifold problems. Besides medical diagnostics and therapy, it is necessary to recognise the situation in which these patients have become such victims, to document the consequences of this violence for use in court and to offer further assistance. Victims of violence often contact primarily a trauma ambulance. The optimisation of the medical treatment of the victims is a relevant traumatological topic, which so far has received only very scant attention. Therefore the aim of this study was to evaluate the necessity for an interdisciplinary combination of treatments for the targeted treatment of these victims. Using a standardised data card a retrospective data analysis of all out-patients and all in-patients of a trauma centre with regard to the existence of a violent context was carried out for the year 2004. All such cases were included and the data were evaluated descriptively according to age, gender, information about the act of violence, consequences thereof, type and scope of the diagnostic findings, as well as inducements for further measures. In this context we differentiated between "domestic violence" and "public violence". The data of 7132 patients were evaluated. Altogether 347 victims of violence were identified (among them 109 victims of "public violence", 59 victims of domestic violence, and 179 cases that could not be allocated clearly). This results in a quota of 4.9% of all patients treated. The average age of the victims was 30.6 years. It was striking that in many cases the anamnesis and documentation were rather fragmentary. A very high percentage of victims of violence could be found among the patients needing traumatological treatment. With regard to the fragmentary care there is an enormous need for medical training and interdisciplinary treatment of victims of violence.
    Zeitschrift fur Orthopadie und Unfallchirurgie 11/2011; 150(1):89-97. · 0.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In addition to a stabile osteosynthesis autologous cancellous bone graft remains an essential therapy option in persistent non-union. Despite this therapy regimen persistent non-union can occasionally occur. The aim of this study was to evaluate the treatment of persistent non-union with a combination of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and autologous cancellous bone. In this prospective study 17 patients with persistent non-union of long bones were treated by a combination of PRP and autologous iliac crest bone. Inclusion criteria were a minimum of one previously failed cancellous bone transplantation and an atrophic non-union persisting for 6-14 months (mean 9 months). The patients were examined clinically and radiologically at intervals of 3, 6 and 9 months postoperatively. After an average time of 17 months (range 15-23 months) the patients were treated by a combination of PRP and autologous cancellous bone. In all cases the non-union was successfully treated and osseous bridging was found radiologically after an average of 5 months (range 4-7 months) without any complications. The combination of PRP and autologous cancellous bone appears to be a safe and effective method for treatment of persistent non-union. The use of PRP does not result in substantial additional costs. Allergies and graft versus host reactions are not expected because of the autologous origin.
    Der Unfallchirurg 11/2011; 114(11):998-1006. · 0.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A tibial nail with fixed-angle locking screws intends to combine the advantages of angular stability and intramedullary stabilization in extraarticular proximal tibial fractures. The goal of this study is to analyze if the angle stable tibial nail (ASN) is biomechanically more stable than an established conventional standard nail (CN). Two types of nails were compared on a series of ten matched pairs of human tibiae. After setting a proximal tibial defect fracture, the intramedullary stabilized tibiae were axially loaded starting from 100 N increasing in steps of 100 N after every 200 cycles until failure was reached. Failure was defined as deformation of the fracture gap, fracturing of the bone or the implant. The two types of nails showed no significant difference in terms of maximum tolerated load, maximum cycles repeated or axial deformation of the bone-implant construct. The mean load at failure was 1,365 N for the CN and 1,195 N for the ASN. The mean axial deformation for conventional (19 mm) and angle stable nail (21 mm) did not differ significantly. Slightly less nail or screw loosening was noticed with the fixed-angle nail. No significant difference in stability between the two compared implants could be demonstrated. A trend could be shown indicating that the rate of nail loosening in the proximal osteotomized part of the bone was lower for the angle stable nail. This trend, however, could not be substantiated statistically.
    Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 08/2011; 132(1):57-63. · 1.36 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

66 Citations
50.83 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009–2014
    • Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf
      • Department of Trauma and Hand Surgery
      Düsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2013
    • Universitätsklinikum Tübingen
      Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
    • Oregon Health and Science University
      Portland, Oregon, United States
  • 2010–2013
    • Universitätsklinikum Düsseldorf
      • Klinik für Unfall- und Handchirurgie
      Düsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany