Yue-Hua Wang

Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (14)25.98 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Swertia punicea Hemsl. (Gentianaceae) is more commonly known as "Ganyan-cao" and used mainly as a traditional Chinese folk medicine for the treatment of acute bilious hepatitis, cholecystitis, fever, intoxification and jaundice. The active hepatoprotective constituents of Swertia punicea were purified using various column chromatography techniques. The structures of two isolated compounds were determined on the basis of spectroscopic data interpretation such as NMR analysis. The hepatoprotective activities of isolated compounds were evaluated by using hepatotoxicity in vitro and dimethylnitrosamine-induced rat hepatic fibrosis in vivo, respectively. Two xanthones, 1, 7-dihydroxy-3, 4, 8-trimethoxyxanthone (1) and bellidifolin (2) were isolated from the stems of Swertia punicea. The compounds 1 and 2 exhibited notable hepatoprotective activities against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) -induced HepG2 cell damage, and effectively alleviated the levels of aspartate transaminase (AST), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malonic dialdehyde (MDA) induced by CCl4 in a concentration-dependent manner. Co-treatment with compound 2 significantly increased the cell viability compared with N-acetyl-p-aminophenol (APAP) treatment. Compound 2 also alleviated APAP-induced hepatotoxicity by increasing glutathione (GSH) content and decreasing hydroxyl free radical (·OH) levels and reactive oxygen specises (ROS) production. In addition, the protective effect of compound 1 significantly alleviated DMN-induced liver inflammation and fibrosis. Oral administration of compound 1 recovered the reduction of albumin (ALB) and reversed the elevation of serum alanine transaminase (ALT), AST and total bilirubin (TBIL) in dimethylnitrosamine (DMN)-induced fibrotic rats. Severe oxidative stress induced in fibrotic rats was evidenced by a 1.5-fold elevation in MDA and a fall in the SOD activity, and treatment with compound 1 protected against these adverse effects. Recovery of rat liver tissue against DMN-induced hepatocellular necrosis, inflammatory changes and hepatic fibrosis by compound 1 is also confirmed by H&E and Masson stained histopathological evaluation of liver tissue. Two xanthones from Swertia punicea exhibited hepatoprotective activities in vitro (compounds 1 and 2) and in vivo (compound 1), respectively.
    Journal of ethnopharmacology 03/2014; · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) have been identified in age-related intracellular protein deposits of neurodegenerative diseases. Methylglyoxal (MGO), a dicarbonyl metabolite, is a major precursor of AGEs which have been linked to the development of neurodegenerative diseases. Myricitrin, a flavanoid isolated from the root bark of Myrica cerifera, attenuated 6-OHDA-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and had a potential anti-Parkinson's disease in our previous investigation. The aims of this study were to investigate the protective effects of myricitrin against MGO-induced injury in SH-SY5Y cells and also to look for the possible mechanisms. The results showed that exposure of SH-SY5Y cells to MGO caused decreases of cell viability, intracellular ATP, mitochondrial redox activity, and mitochondrial membrane potential and an increase in reactive oxygen species generation. However, these mitochondrial dysfunctions were alleviated by co-treatment with myricitrin. Additionally, myricitrin was capable of inhibiting AGEs formation, blocking RAGE expression, and inhibiting NF-κB activation and translocation triggered by MGO in SH-SY5Y cells. Our results suggest that myricitrin alleviates MGO-induced mitochondrial dysfunction, and the possible mechanism is through modulating the AGEs/RAGE/NF-κB pathway. In summary, myricitrin might offer a promising therapeutic strategy to reduce the neurotoxicity of reactive dicarbonyl compounds, providing a potential benefit agent with age-related neurodegenerative diseases.
    Journal of Molecular Neuroscience 02/2014; · 2.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Glucocorticoid-induced osteonecrosis is a common and severe adverse event.We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate whether polymorphisms in target genes were associated with the risk of corticosteroid-induced osteonecrosis. Published literature from PubMed and EMBASE were searched for eligible publications. Pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated using a fixed- or random-effects model. There were 23 articles with 35 genes described the relationship between polymorphisms and glucocorticoid-induced osteonecrosis. Meta-analyses were carried out for those SNPs with three or more eligible studies, which included four SNPs located in three genes (PAI-1, MTHFR, ABCB1). The meta-analysis revealed that the PAI-1 4G allele was associated with an increased risk of osteonecrosis compared with the 5G allele (combined studies: OR = 1.932, 95% CI = 1.145 - 3.261). The OR for the 4G/4G versus 5G/5G genotype of PAI-1 was 3.217 (95% CI 1.667 - 6.209 with combined studies), The relative risk of osteonecrosis was increased in the 4G allele vs. 5G/5G and 4G/4G genotype vs. 5G allele, with odds ratios of 2.304 (95% CI = 1.235 - 4.299) and 2.307 (95% CI = 1.527 - 3.485) in combined studies, respectively. The ABCB1 C3435T genotype distributions available confirmed that the C allele increased osteonecrosis risk compared with the T allele (OR 1.668, 95% CI = 1.214 - 2.293) and TT genotype (OR 2.946, 95% CI = 1.422 - 6.101). There was no evidence for significant association between MTHFR C677T and ABCB1 G2677T/A polymorphisms and risk of osteonecrosis. Results of this meta-analysis indicate that the PAI-1 4G/5G and ABCB1 C3435T polymorphisms may be risk factors for osteonecrosis.
    Steroids 01/2013; · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Protocatechuic aldehyde (PAL) has been reported to bind to DJ-1, a key protein involved in Parkinson's disease (PD), and exerts potential neuroprotective effects via DJ-1 in SH-SY5Y cells. In this study, we investigated the neuroprotective pharmacological effects of PAL against neurotoxin-induced cell and animal models of PD. In cellular models of PD, PAL markedly increased cell viability rates, mitochondrial oxidation-reduction activity and mitochondrial membrane potential, and reduced intracellular ROS levels to prevent neurotoxicity in PC12 cells. In animal models of PD, PAL reduced the apomorphine injection, caused turning in 6-OHDA treated rats, and increased the motor coordination and stride decreases in MPTP treated mice. Meanwhile, in an MPTP mouse model, PAL prevented a decrease of the contents of dopamine (DA) and its metabolites in the striatum and TH-positive dopaminergic neuron loss in the substantia nigra (SN). In addition, PAL increased the protein expression of DJ-1 and reduced the level of α-synuclein in the SN of MPTP lesioned mice. PAL also increased the spine density in hippocampal CA1 neurons. The current study demonstrates that PAL can efficiently protect dopaminergic neurons against neurotoxin injury in vitro and in vivo, and that the potential mechanisms may be related to its effects in increasing DJ-1, decreasing α-synuclein and its growth-promoting effect on spine density.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(10):e78220. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive loss of dopaminergic (DA) neurons at the substantia nigra. 6-Hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) is a dopamine analog, which specifically to damage dopaminergic neurons. Myricitrin, a flavanoid isolated from the root bark of Myrica cerifera, has antinociceptive activity, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and immunomodulatory properties. In the present study, the potential protection and mechanism of myricitrin against 6-OHDA-induced damage and apoptosis in PC12 cells was studied. The results showed that myricitrin attenuated 6-OHDA-induced cell damage and mitochondrial dysfunction in a dose-dependent manner, which was correlated with decreased intracellular ATP content and mitochondrial membrane potential. Furthermore, it was found that myricitrin inhibited the apoptosis of PC12 cells induced by 6-OHDA in relation to reduction of cytochrome C release from mitochondria and inhibition of the activity of caspase-3. Finally, the antioxidation of myricitrin in PC12 cells and brain mitochondria was investigated. The results showed that myricitrin decreased the production of reactive oxygen species in PC12 cells and inhibited lipid peroxidation in rat brain mitochondria (IC50 = 3.19 ± 0.34 μM). Thus, myricitrin has the neuroprotective capacity to antagonize 6-OHDA-induced neurotoxicity in PC12 cells and may be useful in treating PD.
    Journal of Functional Foods. 01/2013; 5(1):337–345.
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    ABSTRACT: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive loss of dopaminergic (DA) neurons at the substantia nigra. Mitochondrial dysfunction is involved in the mechanism of cell damage in Parkinson's disease (PD). 6-Hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) is a dopamine analog which specifically damages dopaminergic neurons. Baicalein has been previously reported to have potential in the treatment of PD. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the mechanism of action of baicalein against 6-OHDA injury in SH-SY5Y cells. The results showed that baicalein significantly alleviated alterations of mitochondrial redox activity and mitochondrial membrane potential induced by 6-OHDA in a dose-dependent manner in SH-SY5Y cells compared with vehicle group. Futhermore, baicalein decreased the production of ROS and upregulated the DJ-1 protein expression in SH-SY5Y cells. In addition, baicalein also inhibited ROS production and lipid peroxidation (IC50 = 6.32 ± 0.03 μM) in rat brain mitochondia. In summary, the underlying mechanisms of baicalein against 6-OHDA-induced mitochondrial dysfunction may involve inhibition of mitochondrial oxidation and upregulation of DJ-1 protein expression.
    Molecules 01/2013; 18(12):14726-38. · 2.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) and their regulating enzyme soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) have been associated with ischemic stroke. Salvianolic acid A (SAA) is proved to display potent cerebroprotection. However, little information is available about the link between them. This study aimed to investigate whether SAA exhibits its protective effects in rats subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) through sEH and EETs. The results showed that SAA treatment ameliorated neurological deficits and reduced infarct volume. Notably, the beneficial effects of SAA were attenuated by co-administration of (14,15-epoxyeicosa-5(Z)-enoic acid (14,15-EEZE)), a putative selective EETs antagonist. Furthermore, SAA increased the 14,15-EET levels in the blood and brain of sham and MCAO rats. Assay for hydrolase activity showed that 1 and 3 mg/kg of SAA significantly diminished brain sEH activity of MCAO rats. A fluorescent assay in vitro indicated that SAA could inhibit recombinant human sEH activity in a concentration-dependent manner (IC(50) = 1.62 μmol/l). Immunohistochemical analysis showed that SAA at the doses of 1 and 3 mg/kg significantly decreased sEH protein expression in hippocampus CA1 region of MCAO rats. In conclusion, cerebral protection of SAA is mediated, at least in part, via inhibiting sEH to increase EETs levels.
    Journal of Asian natural products research 10/2012; · 0.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether t-PA Alu repeat insertion/deletion (I/D) and PAI-1 4G/5G genetic variations are associated with the risk of MI. We conducted a meta-analysis to assess the association between the t-PA I/D and PAI-1 4G/5G polymorphisms and risk of MI. We also performed subgroup analyses based on ethnicity (Caucasian, Asian, and African), gender and age. Forty one eligible studies including 12,461 cases and 14,993 controls were identified to evaluate the impact of PAI-1 4G/5G polymorphism on MI. Seven studies investigated the relationship between t-PA I/D and MI. This meta-analysis revealed that the PAI-1 4G allele (4G/4G and 4G/5G genotype) was associated with an increased risk of MI compared with the 5G allele in the overall population (OR=1.094, 95% CI=1.021 - 1.172, p=0.011). The relative risks of MI for 4G/4G genotype was increased when compared to 5G/5G genotype and 5G allele, with odds ratio at 1.157 (95% CI 1.015 - 1.320, p=0.029) and 1.126 (95% CI =1.015 - 1.249, p=0.025). However, the results show that the 4G/5G polymorphism risk for MI was not associated with ethnicity stratification as Caucasian, Asian or African population. No substantial differences in the genotype distributions were observed in the MI group and control group along the lines of gender and age. After multivariable analysis t-PA I/D polymorphism showed no consistent association with MI. This study suggests that the 4G/5G polymorphism of PAI-1 may be a risk factor for MI in overall populations.
    Thrombosis Research 07/2012; 130(3):e43-51. · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of the effective component group of Xiaoxuming Decoction (XXM), a compound traditional Chinese herbal medicine, on cerebral mitochondria in rats with chronic cerebral ischemia. Rats were subjected to permanent bilateral common carotid artery occlusion to induce chronic cerebral ischemia. Then, the rats with chronic cerebral ischemia were randomly divided into five groups: model group, extract of Ginkgo biloba group and low-, medium- and high-dose effective component group of XXM groups. Another 11 rats without common carotid artery occlusion were used as a sham control. Gradient centrifugation was used to obtain the mitochondria from the rat brain. Clark oxygen electrode method was used to determine mitochondrial respiratory function. Photometric determination was used to measure mitochondrial swelling. Rodamine 123 was used to measure mitochondrial membrane potential. Western blotting was used to detect mitochondrial apoptosis. Compared with the sham group, the mitochondria dysfunction was caused by chronic cerebral ischemia associated with the decrease of oxidative phosphorylation parameters and the mitochondrial membrane potential, the increase of the mitochondrial degree, the elevation of reactive oxygen species level, the decrease in Bcl-2/Bax ratio, and the release of cytochrome c. The effective component group of XXM could reduce mitochondrial damage induced by chronic cerebral ischemia by improving the indexes mentioned above. The effective component group of Xiaoxuming Decoction can protect brain mitochondrial homeostasis and improve the function of mitochondria in rats with chronic cerebral ischemia, which may be the mechanism of its protection against chronic cerebral ischemia.
    Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine 05/2012; 10(5):569-76.
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    ABSTRACT: Salvianolic acid A (Sal A) is a polyphenol extracted from the root of the Salvia miltiorrhiza bunge. Hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) is a major reactive oxygen species (ROS), which has been implicated in stroke and other neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. In this study, we investigated the neuroprotective effects of Sal A in human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells against H(2)O(2)-induced injury. Our results showed that cells pretreated with Sal A exhibited enhanced neuronal survival and that this protection was associated with an increase in adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the stabilization of mitochondrial membrane potential. In addition, Sal A markedly decreased the excessive activation AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and the serine-threonine protein kinase, Akt, in SH-SY5Ycells induced by H(2)O(2). In conclusion, our results demonstrated that Sal A protects SH-SY5Y cells against H(2)O(2)-induced oxidative stress and these protective effects are related to stress tolerance and not energy depletion via inhibition of the AMPK and Akt signaling pathway.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 04/2012; 421(3):479-83. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion, induced by permanent occlusion of bilateral common carotid arteries (2VO), is related to neurological disorders and contributes to cognitive decline. Chrysin (5,7-dihydroxyflavone) is an important member of the flavonoid family. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of chrysin on cognitive deficits and brain damage in this rat 2VO model. At 52days after ligation, the escape latency in Morris water maze was significantly increased in rats subjected to 2VO, the neuronal damage was also increased accompanied by a large proliferation in glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) immunoreactivity with marked white matter lesions, and neuronal cell apoptosis, all of which were significantly alleviated by long treatment of chrysin (30mg/kg). Biochemical examinations revealed that chrysin decreased lipid peroxide, reduced the increased activities of superoxide dismutase, and attenuated the decreased activities of glutathione peroxidase in 2VO rats. The results suggest that chrysin may have therapeutic potential for the treatment of neurodegeneration and dementia caused by decreased cerebral blood flow, which is most likely related, at least in part, to its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.
    European journal of pharmacology 04/2012; 680(1-3):41-8. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effects of the active components of Xiaoxuming Decoction (XXM), a compound traditional Chinese herbal medicine, on chronic cerebral ischemia in rats. Chronic cerebral ischemia was induced in rats by occlusion of bilateral common carotid arteries. Then, the rats with chronic cerebral ischemia were randomly divided into five groups: model group, extract of Ginkgo biloba group and low-, medium- and high-dose active components of XXM groups. Another 11 rats without occlusion of common carotid arteries were used as the sham-operation group. Memory behavior was investigated by Morris water maze test. The structure of hippocampus and cortex neurons was observed with Nissel staining. The white matter lesion was stained with Klüver-Barrera stain method to observe the pathological changes. The astrocyte activation was observed using immunohistochemical method with glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) antibody. The active components of XXM could significantly improve the impairment of learning and memory induced by chronic cerebral ischemia in rats. Compared with the model group, the time to reach the platform for rats was shortened by treating with the active components of XXM in Morris water maze test, particularly in the medium-dose group (P<0.05). In addition, the low- and medium-dose active components of XXM improved the decrease of cerebrovascular reactivity induced by chronic cerebral ischemia. The results of the pathological analysis also suggested that the active components of XXM could ameliorate the pathological damage induced by chronic cerebral ischemia in rats with the number of neurons increased, and the morphology and distribution of neurons recovered to normal levels. The low-dose active components of XXM significantly reduced the white matter lesions (P<0.05, P<0.01). Active components of XXM treatment could also reduce the activation of astrocytes. The active components of XXM may attenuate the chronic cerebral ischemic injury in rats.
    Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine 01/2012; 10(1):91-9.
  • Yue-Hua Wang, Guan-Hua Du
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    ABSTRACT: Ginsenoside Rg1 (1) is a major active component of Panax notoginseng, a Chinese herb widely used in traditional Chinese medicine to improve learning and memory function. Increasing evidence suggests that beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) plays a central role in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). To elucidate the mechanism of 1 on improving the ability of learning and memory, we investigated whether 1 could affect Abeta generation or protect Abeta-induced neurotoxicity. The results showed that 1 could inhibit beta-secretase activity in vitro and also protect the PC12 cells against injuries caused by exposure of PC12 cells to 50 microM Abeta(25-35) for 48 h. The cell death, LDH release, NO release, ROS production, lipid peroxidation, intracellular calcium elevation, and apoptosis are associated events induced by Abeta that can be rescued by 1 in PC12 cells. In conclusion, 1 may be a promising agent for AD, and the mechanism is related to beta-secretase inhibition and protection against Abeta-induced cytotoxicity.
    Journal of Asian natural products research 07/2009; 11(7):604-12. · 0.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the effects of baicalein, a natural compound isolated from the root of scutellaria, on cognitive and motor ability impaired by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion in rats, as well as its effects on brain mitochondria. Rats subjected to permanent bilateral common carotid artery occlusion experienced cognitive deficits, oxidative stress and mitochondria dysfunction, which was associated with the elevation of reactive oxygen species level, the decrease of oxidative phosphorylation parameters, the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, the reduce in Bcl-2/Bax ratio, and the release of cytochrome c. Baicalein alleviated cognitive and motor impairments and decreased mitochondria reactive oxygen species production, in accordance with its improvements on membrane potential level, oxidative phosphorylation process, mitochondrial swelling degree, Bcl-2/Bax ratio and cytochrome c release. These data indicated that baicalein might have therapeutic potential for the treatment of dementia caused by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion, contributed to its protections on brain mitochondrial homeostasis and function.
    Brain research 11/2008; 1249:212-21. · 2.46 Impact Factor