[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) is a profibrotic cytokine that plays a major role in vascular biology, and is known to regulate the phenotype and activity of various vascular cell populations. Because most fibrotic diseases, such as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), are associated with vascular remodeling, and as endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) may be involved in this process, we investigated the impact of TGF-β1 modulation of EPC angiogenic properties.
TGF-β1 plasma levels were determined in 64 patients with IPF and compared with those in controls. The effect of TGF-β1 on angiogenesis was studied in vivo in a Matrigel plug model and in vitro on endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs). We studied the effects of inhibiting the expression of the three main receptors of TGF-β1 in ECFCs by using short interfering RNA.
Total TGF-β1 plasma levels were significantly increased in patients with IPF as compared with controls (P < 0.0001). TGF-β1 had proangiogenic effects in vivo by increasing hemoglobin content and blood vessel formation in Matrigel plugs implanted in C57/Bl6 mice, and in vitro by enhancing ECFC viability and migration. The effects were abolished by silencing the three main TGF-β1 receptors.
TGF-β1 is proangiogenic in vivo and induces ECFC angiogenic properties in vitro, suggesting that TGF-β1 may play a role during vascular remodeling in fibrotic disease states via EPCs.
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis 01/2012; 10(4):670-9. · 6.08 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The respective abundance of circulating endothelial cells and endothelial progenitor cells may reflect the balance between vascular injury and repair. As pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) can share features of pulmonary remodelling, we postulated that the two disorders might be associated with different types of pulmonary endothelial dysfunction. We studied 25 consecutive patients undergoing cardiac catheterisation for suspected pulmonary hypertension. Nine patients had PAH, nine had CTEPH, and seven had normal pulmonary arterial pressure and served as controls. Circulating endothelial cells were isolated with CD146-coated beads. CD34(+)CD133(+) cell and endothelial progenitor cell numbers were respectively determined by flow cytometry and cell culture, in peripheral vein and pulmonary artery blood. Plasma levels of soluble vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), soluble E-selectin and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule (sVCAM) were measured by ELISA. No difference in progenitor counts or VEGF levels was found across the three groups. Compared to controls, circulating endothelial cell numbers were significantly increased in PAH but not in CTEPH, in keeping with the elevated soluble E-selectin and sVCAM levels found in PAH alone. In conclusion, PAH, in contrast to CTEPH, is associated with markers of vascular injury (circulating endothelial cells, soluble E-selectin and sVCAM) but not with markers of remodelling (endothelial progenitor cells, CD34(+)CD133(+) cells and VEGF).
European Respiratory Journal 04/2010; 36(6):1284-93. · 6.36 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Injection of hematopoietic stem cells or endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) expanded ex vivo has been shown to augment neovascularization in adult patients, but the precise origin and identity of the cell population responsible for these clinical benefits are controversial. The limited quantity of EPCs in the circulation has been the main obstacle to clinical trials. Several authors have therefore attempted to expand these cells ex vivo in order to obtain a homogeneous cell therapy product. One possible means of expanding EPCs ex vivo is to activate the thrombin receptor PAR-1 with the specific peptide SFLLRN. Indeed, PAR-1 activation promotes cell proliferation and C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) dependent migration and differentiation, with an overall angiogenic effect. This review summarizes the results and rationale of clinical trials of angiogenic therapy, the nature of EPCs, the different methods of ex vivo expansion, and current methods of quantification.
Cell Biology and Toxicology 08/2007; 23(4):223-39. · 2.34 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The importance of protease-activated receptor-1 (PAR-1) in blood vessel development has been shown in knock-out mice. As endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) express functional PAR-1, we examined whether PAR-1 stimulation by the peptide SFLLRN interfered with the angiopoietin pathway, that is EPC commitment, proliferation and migration.
Given the strong PAR-1 expression on CD34+ cells, we tested the effect of SFLLRN 75 micromol L(-1) on the emergence of EPCs from cord blood. PAR-1 activation did not modify the number of colonies or the day of emergence, in keeping with the lack of induction of angiopoietin 1 gene expression. Conversely, SFLLRN treatment of EPCs induced angiopoietin 2 gene expression and protein synthesis. Experiments with polyclonal blocking antibodies showed that angiopoietin 2 was involved in the proliferative effect of PAR-1 activation. PAR-1 activation also enhanced migration toward angiopoietin 1 in a Boyden chamber assay.
Our study demonstrates that PAR-1-induced proliferation of EPCs involves angiopoietin 2. PAR-1 also enhances EPC migration toward angiopoietin 1. These findings might explain the role of thrombin in neovascularization via the angiopoietin pathway.
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis 10/2006; 4(9):2051-8. · 6.08 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Acute leukemia of megakaryocyte lineage (AML-7) is a rare entity defined by a blastic proliferation of which a part (>or= 50%) is represented by megakaryoblasts. We report the case of a 95 year old woman presenting a AML-7 secondary to a myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), that represents an unusual form of MDS acutisation.
Annales de biologie clinique 64(2):173-6. · 0.30 Impact Factor