Toshiaki Kurokawa

Akita University Hospital, Akita, Akita, Japan

Are you Toshiaki Kurokawa?

Claim your profile

Publications (38)37.02 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To preserve pancreatic function, segmental pancreatectomy has been proposed for benign or low-malignancy tumors in the pancreatic body. Indications for the procedure, however, are still controversial. In this study, we investigated the advantages and disadvantages of segmental pancreatectomy compared with distal pancreatectomy and subsequently determined indications for segmental pancreatectomy. The distal pancreatectomy patients had shorter operation times, lower incidence of operative complications, and shorter hospital stays compared to segmental pancreatectomy patients. Endocrine function in distal pancreatectomy patients deteriorated compared to that of segmental pancreatectomy patients. The postoperative 75-gram oral glucose tolerance test showed a diabetic pattern in 3 of 7 distal pancreatectomy patients, whereas none of the segmental pancreatectomy patients became diabetic after surgery. The relation between the length of the removed pancreas and plasma glucose at 2 h after the 75-gram glucose intake showed a significant correlation. According to our results, if the length of removed pancreas is longer than 12 cm, the patients will have a risk of acquiring diabetes. In those cases, the segmental pancreatectomy should be considered.
    Digestive Surgery 02/2004; 21(1):48-53. · 1.47 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A case of polycystic liver disease with right predominance treated with laparoscopic right hemihepatectomy is described. A 43-year-old woman complaining of right upper abdominal pain came in for consultation. Abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography studies showed multiple liver cysts occupying mainly the right lobe, renal cysts, and splenomegaly. Four trocars were used. A 12-mm trocar placed under the umbilicus was used for abdominal exploration. The other three trocars, two 12-mm trocars and one 5-mm trocar, were used as working ports. The liver was transected with ultrasound scissors and LigaSure. Major vessels such as the right portal vein, the right bile duct, and the hepatic vein were divided with a vascular endostapler. Operation time was 320 min, intraoperative blood loss was 120 ml, and postoperative oral intake occurred on day 3. No complication was observed during the perioperative period. Laparoscopic right hemihepatectomy is generally considered to cause excessive intraoperative bleeding and a long operation time. For our patient with multiple liver cysts, the procedure was a safe and minimally invasive option because little hepatic parenchymal resection was necessary for the multiple cysts.A case of polycystic liver disease with right predominance treated with laparoscopic right hemihepatectomy is described.
    Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery 02/2004; 11(2):116-8. · 1.60 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Despite improved diagnostic tools, it is often difficult to make a correct diagnosis of small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with obstructive jaundice. Three cases of small HCC (<2 cm diameter) presenting as obstructive jaundice are reported. All tumours were initially diagnosed as hilar cholangiocarcinoma based on ultrasonography, computed tomography, cholangiography and angiography. Because of insufficient hepatic function, none of the patients underwent hepatic resection. One patient died 8 months after first admission to our hospital, another died of disseminated intravascular coagulation I month after admission, and the third was treated with hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy and survived >36 months. It is important to consider HCC in the diagnosis of obstructive jaundice in patients who are predisposed to HCC because of liver cirrhosis and/or chronic viral hepatitis, and have elevated serum alpha-fetoprotein.
    HPB 02/2004; 6(1):21-4. · 1.94 Impact Factor
  • Hideaki Andoh, Ouki Yasui, Toshiaki Kurokawa, Tsutomu Sato
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The relationship of parasitic liver disease to cholangiocarcinoma has long been debated, and it has been reported that cholangiocarcinoma is associated with opisthorchiasis viverrini. We report herein a rare case of cholangiocarcinoma associated with schistosomiasis japonica. A 76-year-old Japanese man with jaundice was diagnosed with cholangiocarcinoma. Radical resection was not done because of hepatic arterial and portal vein invasion. Biliary microwave tissue coagulation therapy was performed with placement of a metallic stent endoprosthesis. Twenty-two months after the treatment, however, the patient died from hematemesis. Autopsy findings revealed that there was no distant metastasis, even in the area of regional lymph node metastasis. The primary tumor in the hepatic hilar region had been replaced by necrotic debris resulting from the microwave therapy, and an expandable metallic stent was located in the center of the debris. Histological findings showed schistosome eggs, which were old and microcalcified, in veins in the colonic submucosa. Glisson's fibrosis around the cancer lesion suggested that schistosomiasis japonica and cholangiocarcinoma can occur together with severe chronic inflammation of the portal vein.
    Journal of Gastroenterology 02/2004; 39(1):64-8. · 3.79 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Most metastatic pancreatic tumors are detected at an advanced stage and are not considered suitable for surgery; however, resection is sometimes indicated for a solitary pancreatic metastasis from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and improves the prognosis. We report such a case, in which the hilar liver was resected with lymph node dissection and distal pancreatectomy. Histological examination revealed regional lymph node metastasis of gallbladder carcinoma (GBC), but all the surgical margins were free of cancer. Postoperative extra-beam radiation therapy was delivered to the hepatic portal lesion to prevent GBC recurrence. The patient remains disease-free 14 months after the completion of radiation therapy. Thus, if all affected areas can be resected, the prognosis associated with pancreatic metastasis from RCC may be favorable.
    Surgery Today 02/2004; 34(3):272-5. · 0.96 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We experienced a resected case of a small hepatocellular carcinoma, which required differential diagnosis from intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinoma. The patient was a 76-year-old man. While his course had been being observed because of hepatitis C antibody-positive liver cirrhosis, ultrasonographic examination of the abdomen revealed dilation of biliary branches in the anterior segment of the liver and a hyperechoic mass 10 mm in diameter at the origin of the branch. A dynamic computed tomography scan showed a high-density tumor in the early phase. After embolization of the right branch of the portal vein, resection of the right lobe of the liver and the extrahepatic bile duct was performed. A resected specimen showed a white-colored mass 8 mm in diameter at the origin of the anterior segmental biliary branch. In the pathological findings, the diagnosis was a poorly differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma with strong nuclear atypia; the tumor filled the bile duct, forming a trabecular structure. The immunohistological stains of the tumor were positive for cytokeratin (CK) 8, CK18, and HepParl and negative for alpha-fetoprotein, carcinoembryonic antigen, CA19-9, CK7, CK19, and CK20. There was atypia in the biliary lining epithelium adjacent to the tumor, and the hepatocellular carcinoma may have developed from the biliary epithelium.
    Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery 02/2004; 11(3):193-6. · 1.60 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hepatic artery occlusion (HAO) can cause severe ischemic liver injury, especially after an interruption of collateral circulation after extensive hepatobiliary surgery. To minimize a decrease in oxygen delivery after HAO, a continuous infusion of prostaglandin (PG)E1 through the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) was studied in comparison with other infusion routes. Twenty-four pigs were assigned to four groups: HAO without PGE1 (control group); HAO with PGE1 (0.02 microg/kg/min, continuously) through the jugular vein (intravenous group); HAO with PGE1 through the portal vein (PV group); and HAO with PGE1 through the SMA (SMA group). PV flow, hepatic oxygen delivery, and serum aspartate aminotransferase were measured after infusion. In addition, 72-hr survival rates were observed, and histologic examination of liver specimens was performed. PGE1 infusion through the SMA seems to affect PV flow and elevate the oxygen content of portal blood, whereas other routes of administration do not. The reduction of hepatic oxygen delivery after HAO was 51% in the control group, 46% in the intravenous group, and 49% in the PV group, whereas it was limited to 13% in the SMA group. Serum aspartate aminotransferase values 24 hr after HAO were lowest in the SMA group, which was statistically significant, as confirmed by histology. The survival rate of animals was 100% in the SMA group and 33% in the other three groups. These findings indicate that continuous PGE1 infusion through the SMA may prove useful in clinical settings to prevent liver damage after HAO.
    Transplantation 12/2003; 76(9):1340-5. · 3.78 Impact Factor
  • Hideaki Andoh, Ouki Yasui, Toshiaki Kurokawa, Tsutomu Sato
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Since 1990, expandable metallic stents (EMS) have been used in biliary obstruction, which are thinner than the plastic endoprosthesis and can secure sufficient biliary tract. EMS treatment improves the prognosis of patients with unresectable malignant biliary obstruction. Several types of stent are available, and each has its own characteristics of expansion, flexibility, visibility, shorting, and size variation. Those characteristics must be taken into account when selecting a stent for individual patients. In the case of hepatic hilar obstruction, more than one EMS is needed and the position of stent placement is important. For bile duct cancer, stents should be placed in a side-by-side or end-to-side position, because in these cases the tumor affects in-growth through the stent, so repeat biliary drainage and stenting would be needed. EMS treatment is sometimes used for stenosis of the portal vein, but stent placement is not effective for chronic stenosis with collateral circulation. With the development of stenting instruments, biliary endoprosthesis has become safer and easier. But we must not forget that stent treatment is a palliative treatment and consider the indications for and selection of the stent carefully.
    Nippon Geka Gakkai zasshi 09/2003; 104(8):549-53.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report a case of relapsing jejunal varix with extrahepatic portal obstruction, which was successfully treated by embolization using interventional radiology. A 79-year-old woman suffered repeated episodes of tarry stools 2 years after undergoing jejunal resection for a jejunal varix. The bleeding point was inferred to be in the small intestine, and abdominal angiography revealed extrahepatic portal obstruction and the development of a jejunal varix around the hepaticojejunostomy. Because surgical obliteration of the varices or a shunt operation for portal decompression may have been very invasive due to severe adhesions, the jejunal varix was embolized with anhydrous ethanol and interlocking detachable coils. There were no changes in liver enzymes, the clearance rate of indocyanine green, or portal pressure, and there has been no sign of rebleeding for 13 months. Our experience shows that hemostasis can last, as long as the embolization can be done without aggravating portal hypertension. In conclusion, embolization using interventional radiology is a safe and useful method of treating intestinal varices.
    Surgery Today 02/2003; 33(2):131-4. · 0.96 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hepatic total vascular exclusion (HTVE) with clamping of the portal triad and the inferior vena cava below and above the liver is a useful technique in the resection of major hepatic lesions situated close to the hepatic veins and inferior vena cava. From 1996 to 2000, five patients underwent major hepatectomy under HTVE; among these, liver failure occurred in two patients because of liver cirrhosis or hepatic artery interruption. In the former case, apheresis therapy (plasma exchange: 9 times), continuous prostaglandin E, (PGE,) infusion via the hepatic artery(0.01 tg/kg/min) for 7 days, and hyperbaric oxygen therapy (3 times: 2 ATA, 60 min) were applied. In the latter case, apheresis therapy (plasma exchange: 9 times, continuous hemodiafiltration: 12 days) and continuous PGE, infusion via the superior mesenteric artery for 7 days were applied. With these treatment modalities, both cases were cured of postoperative liver failure.
    Journal of Artificial Organs 02/2003; 6(2):152-6. · 1.41 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Tan to Sui. 01/2003; 24(3):217-220.
  • Shujutsu. Operation 01/2003; 57(11):1379-1383.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In two cases of hepatic arterial flow interruption after hepatopancreatic surgery, continuous PGE(1) infusion from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) was applied to oxygenate the liver through the portal vein. Case 1 was a 69-year-old woman with a non-functioning islet cell tumor of the pancreas. She underwent pancreatic resection following hepatic arterial infusion of anticancer drugs. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) was elevated to 5500 IU/l on postoperative day (POD) 2; angiography revealed complete celiac artery obstruction. Continuous PGE(1) was administered from SMA at a rate of 0.01 &mgr;g/kg/min for 7 days. Serum ALT was normalized within 2 weeks and the peak level of serum total bilirubin (T. Bil) was 4.5 mg/dl. Case 2 was a 66-year-old man suffering from metastatic liver cancer. Complete obstruction of the proper hepatic artery was noted at the time of liver resection after hepatic arterial chemotherapy. Serum ALT was elevated to 2930 IU/l on POD 1, and PGE(1) infusion from SMA was done for the succeeding 7 days. Necrotic area was so vast that serum T. Bil rose to 19 mg/dl. However, it decreased with time. Both cases required 3 months for necrotic liver shrinkage. Doppler ultrasonography revealed that PGE(1) infusion actually increased portal blood flow. In conclusion, based on the preceding experimental backgrounds and clinical experiences, continuous PGE(1) infusion via the SMA can be a useful measure to prevent severe liver damage after hepatic arterial flow interruption through portal blood oxygenation.
    Hepatology Research 01/2003; 25(1):92-97. · 2.07 Impact Factor
  • 09/2002; Monduzzi Editore, Bologna.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It is not clear that hepatic venous backflow actually contributes to hepatic tissue oxygenation under inflow occlusion of the liver. In order to prove that substances delivered via the hepatic vein can be utilized and/or metabolized in hepatocytes during inflow occlusion, hepatic uptake in bile and excretion of indocyanine green (ICG) were investigated in pigs. Animals were divided into two groups: an inflow occlusion (IO) group (N = 6) and a total hepatic vascular exclusion (THVE) group (N = 3) using a bypass. One milligram of ICG per kilogram body weight was administered at the beginning of blood flow occlusion, the retention rate in the blood (ICG R) measured, and the ICG in the hepatic tissue measured by near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. Furthermore, the ICG concentration was measured in bile excreted by intermittent perfusion of the liver. ICG R declined with time in both groups; however, ICG R in the IO group decreased much faster than in the THVE group. There were significant differences between the two groups after 30 min of occlusion (P < 0.05). ICG in the hepatic tissue could be detected as a peak at 805 nm 10 min after ICG injection, and the peak became steeper with time. On the other hand, ICG was not detected at all in the hepatic tissue after 180 min in the THVE group. ICG was excreted in the bile after 60 min under IO and increased with time. On the contrary, ICG was not excreted in the bile at all under THVE. There were significant differences between the two groups after 90 min (P < 0.05). These results indicate that ICG can be extracted in hepatocytes and excreted in bile under IO of the liver. Consequently, substances such as oxygen and drugs, which are delivered via the hepatic vein, can be utilized and/or metabolized in hepatocytes under IO.
    Journal of Surgical Research 06/2002; 105(2):81-5. · 2.02 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Impaired hepatic blood flow is one of the causative factors in postoperative liver failure. To restore the hepatic blood flow in case of hepatic artery interruption (HAI), the effect of continuous arterial infusion of prostaglandin E(1) (PGE(1)), which has a strong vasodilatory effect on vascular smooth muscles, was assessed experimentally and clinically. Twelve pigs underwent ligation and division of the hepatic artery and were divided into 2 groups. In the control group, saline was infused in the superior mesenteric artery (SMA), and in the PGE(1) group, 0.02 microg/kg/min of PGE(1) was infused continuously in the SMA. Hepatic oxygen delivery (HDO(2)) in the control group was 87.8 +/- 8.9 ml/min before HAI and decreased to 43.1 +/- 2.6 ml/min at 60 min after HAI, showing 50.9% decrease by HAI. On the contrary, HDO(2) in the PGE(1) group was 86.7 +/- 9.1 ml/min before HAI and was 76.6 +/- 12.2 ml/min at 60 min after HAI, showing only 11.6% decrease by HAI. Clinically, a 65-year-old female suffering from cholangiocellular carcinoma underwent extended left hepatic lobectomy. At operation, the branch of the hepatic artery to the anterior segment of the liver was ligated, and the right branch of the portal vein became stenotic unavoidably. Postoperatively, severe liver dysfunction developed so that continuous PGE1 infusion in the SMA was initiated at a rate of 0.01 microg/kg/min on the eighth postoperative day and continued for 9 days. Plasma exchange was performed twice concomitantly. Portal venous flow increased from 612 ml/min to 1,192 ml/min, and bile flow from external biliary drainage tube doubled by the PGE(1) infusion. The liver function was ameliorated after PGE(1) infusion.
    Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 03/2002; 6(1):89-92. · 1.53 Impact Factor
  • Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis - THER APHER DIAL. 01/2002; 6(1):89-92.
  • Geka, SURGERY. 01/2002; 64(6):628-631.
  • Source
    T Sato, O Yasui, T Kurokawa, Y Asanuma, K Koyama
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In order to reduce risk for postoperative acute liver failure, prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) was administered either from the hepatic artery (HA) or the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) in four high-risk cases undergoing major hepatic resection. Two cases were subjected to HA PGE1 infusion for 3 or 4 days after surgery at a rate of 0.01 microg/kg/min. Both patients had hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with chronic hepatitis, and ICG R15 was 17.6% and 14.5%, respectively. Right hemihepatectomy and extended right hemihepatectomy were performed. Serum total bilirubin (T. Bil.) peak value was 2.2 mg/100 ml in Case 1 and 2.1 mg/100 ml in Case 2. In Case 1, decreased bile flow was observed immediately after cessation of PGE1. The other two cases were subjected to SMA PGE1 infusion for 5 or 6 days after surgery at the same rate. In Case 3, right hemihepatectomy was performed for HCC on a cirrhotic liver four weeks after right portal vein embolization, in which preoperative ICG R15 was 19.0%. Peak T. Bil level was 3.7 mg/100 ml with uneventful postoperative course. In Case 4 with a huge cholangioma, right trisegmentectomy was performed. Peak serum T. Bil level was 1.7 mg/100 ml in this uneventful postoperative course. In Case 3 and Case 4, portal blood flow, measured by Doppler ultrasonography, was markedly increased by PGE1 infusion. From these results, intra-arterial PGE1 infusion might be useful in prevention of postoperative liver failure after major hepatic resection.
    The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine 11/2001; 195(2):125-33. · 1.37 Impact Factor
  • Shokaki-geka. 01/2001; 24:857-862.

Publication Stats

127 Citations
37.02 Total Impact Points


  • 1998–2004
    • Akita University Hospital
      Akita, Akita, Japan
  • 2000–2003
    • Akita University
      • • School of Health Sciences
      • • Department of Surgery
      Akita-shi, Akita-ken, Japan