Toshiharu Yamaguchi

Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (216)550.54 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A new rendezvous-style surgical technique has been developed to ensure the safety of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for duodenal tumors. The new technique, called "laparoscopic-endoscopic cooperative surgery (LECS)," combines ESD with laparoscopic, reinforcing, seromuscular suturing. This case series report describes how three patients with a duodenal tumor were safely treated by LECS. ESD was performed by endoscopy, followed by closure of the mucosal defect using seromuscular suturing by laparoscopy. ESD was successfully completed in all patients. Endoscopic findings after suturing revealed that the mucosal defect was closed appropriately and tightly. None of the three patients experienced delayed perforation or stricture after LECS. LECS for extraction of duodenal tumors seems to be feasible and helps to ensure the safety of ESD in the duodenum. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Endoscopy 12/2014; · 5.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative surgery (LECS) is a newly developed concept for tumor dissection of the gastrointestinal tract which was first investigated for the local resection of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). The first reported version of LECS for GIST has been named 'classical LECS' to distinguish it from other modified LECS procedures, such as inverted LECS, combination of laparoscopic and endoscopic approaches to neoplasia with non exposure technique(CLEAN-NET) and nonexposed endoscopic wall-inversion surgery (NEWS). These modified LECS procedures were developed for the dissection of malignant tumors which may seed tumor cells into the abdominal cavity. While these LECS-related procedures might prevent tumor seeding, their application is limited by several factors, such as tumor size, location and technical difficulty. Currently, classical LECS is a safe and useful procedure for gastric submucosal tumors without mucosal defects, independent of tumor location, such as proximity to the esophagogastric junction or pyloric ring. For future applications of LECS-related procedures for the other malignant disease with mucosal lesion such as GIST with mucosal defect and gastric cancer, some improvements in the techniques are needed.
    Digestive Endoscopy 11/2014; · 1.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic surgery has become the standard for colorectal cancers, but more minimally invasive surgery is continuously pursued. In June 2011, our institution started needlescopic surgery (NS). The aims of this study are to describe this technique and to investigate its feasibility for left-sided colorectal cancer surgery.
    International Journal of Colorectal Disease 09/2014; · 2.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The de facto standard treatment for early gastric stump cancer (GSC) has been total gastrectomy combined with radical lymph node dissection. However, some patients could benefit if partial resection of the gastric stump is feasible. We investigated the feasibility of subtotal gastrectomy for early GSC as less invasive surgery. Subtotal gastrectomy was defined as a segmental resection of the gastric remnant including the anastomosis with limited lymph node dissection. A total of 66 patients with early GSC were enrolled and 24 patients (36.4 %) underwent subtotal gastrectomy (SG group). Clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed along with those of the other 42 patients (63.6 %) who underwent total gastrectomy (TG group). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the number of lymph nodes harvested (p = 0.880). Lymph node involvement was detected in 2 patients (8.3 %) in SG group and 5 patients (11.9 %) in TG group (p = 1.000). The previous disease (benign or malignant) and surgery (Billroth I or II) did not affect the rate of nodal involvement. The 5-year overall survival rate of SG group (94.7 %) was acceptable. Subtotal gastrectomy of the gastric remnant could be a feasible treatment option for patients with early gastric stump cancer when indicated.
    Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 06/2014; · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study assessed the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic surgery for metachronous colorectal cancer in patients who had previously undergone surgery for primary colorectal cancer.
    Surgery Today 05/2014; · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Surgical treatment for locally recurrent rectal cancer is challenging, and the value of laparoscopic surgery in such cases is unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare the feasibility of laparoscopic surgery with that of open surgery for locally recurrent rectal cancer.
    Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 05/2014; · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of laparoscopic colorectal surgery in oldest-old patients (85 y or older) is unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the short-term outcomes of laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery compared with open surgery in the oldest-old. Forty-four patients aged 85 years and older with colorectal cancer who underwent elective laparoscopic surgery (LAC group) were compared with 37 patients aged 85 years and older who underwent open surgery (OC group). There were no significant differences in the age, the sex, the body mass index, and the American Society of Anesthesiologists grade between the groups. The comorbidity rate was slightly higher in the LAC group than in the OC group (68% vs. 57%). The mean operating time was significantly longer (209 vs. 194 min, P=0.014), but the mean estimated blood loss was significantly less (30 vs. 286 mL, P<0.001) in the LAC group than in the OC group. The mean time to flatus (1.7 vs. 3.9 d, P<0.0001), the time to liquid diet (2.7 vs. 7.7 d, P<0.0001), and the length of postoperative hospital stay (14.7 vs. 21.7 d, P<0.0001) were significantly shorter in the LAC group than in the OC group. The rate of postoperative complications tended to be lower in the LAC group than in the OC group (13.6% vs. 27%). Laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer in oldest-old patients can be performed safely with better short-term outcomes compared with open surgery.
    Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques 04/2014; · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract. Surgical resection with a free margin is the gold standard treatment for these lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of performing laparoscopic resection for gastric GIST from the viewpoint of operative and long-term oncological outcomes. Between 2005 and 2011, a total of 78 consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic resection of gastric GISTs were enrolled in a retrospective single-center study. Patient and tumor characteristics, surgical procedures, risk classification, postoperative complications, mortality, recurrence, and survival time were collected from a database, and the descriptive statistics were estimated. Patients (N = 78; 32 males and 46 females) with a median age of 63 years (range 31-82) were evaluated. The tumors were located at the cardia (10.3 %), upper stomach (59.0 %), middle stomach (23.1), and lower stomach (7.7 %). The mean size of the tumors was 34.7 ± 12.1 mm. The laparoscopic procedures included wedge resection (92.3 %), such as laparoscopy and endoscopy cooperative surgery (51.3 %), and gastrectomy (7.7 %). All cases exhibited a pathologically negative margin. The mean operative time was 147.5 ± 63.8 min, and the mean estimated amount of blood loss was 17.8 ± 47.9 ml. The mean length of hospitalization was 9.4 ± 12.8 days. The incidence of perioperative complications higher than grade III was 2.6 %, including two cases of anastomotic leakage. Regarding risk classification, low, intermediate and high were observed in 61, 6, and 11 cases, respectively. During a mean follow-up period of 45.3 ± 18.5 months, one patient experienced local recurrence in the omentum. Meanwhile, four patients died due to other diseases; all other patients survived. Adequate oncologic resection was achieved in all cases. Laparoscopic surgery is a feasible option for gastric GISTs <5 cm.
    Surgical Endoscopy 02/2014; · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) is commonly performed for early gastric cancer (EGC) in the upper stomach; however, the incidence of anastomotic complications remains high, and postoperative nutritional status is not satisfactory. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and nutritional impact of a novel surgical procedure, laparoscopy-assisted subtotal gastrectomy (LAsTG). This was a retrospective study of 167 patients with EGC in the upper stomach. Of these, 57 patients underwent LAsTG, while 110 patients underwent LATG. Postoperative change in body weight, and serum concentration of albumin (Alb) and total protein (TP) were compared between the LAsTG and LATG groups. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to assess the influence of potential confounding factors. Frequency of anastomotic complications was significantly higher in the LATG group (16.3 %) than in the LAsTG group (5.3 %, P = 0.040). Postoperative recovery of body weight at 12 months after surgery was significantly better in the LAsTG group (89.8 ± 1.4 %) than in the LATG group (82.1 ± 1.0 %, P < 0.001). By ANCOVA, adjusted mean differences of Alb and TP at 12 months after surgery between the LAsTG and LATG groups were 0.226 g/dl (95 % CI 0.141-0.312; P < 0.001) and 0.380 g/dl (95 % CI 0.265-0.495; P < 0.001); thus, the surgical procedure was significantly associated with the postoperative Alb and TP levels. LAsTG could be a better choice than LATG for EGC in the upper stomach as a result of improvements in the incidence of anastomotic complications and postoperative nutritional status.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 02/2014; · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It is difficult to determine preoperatively whether upper/middle thoracic lymphadenectomy is necessary in patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG) or lower esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Here, we investigated whether stratification based on the location of the proximal end of the tumor, as assessed using preoperative computed tomography (CT) images, would be useful for predicting upper/middle thoracic lymph node involvement for AEG and lower ESCC. A total of 142 patients with AEG and lower ESCC treated by R0-1 surgical resection via a thoracotomy was retrospectively investigated. The location of the proximal end of the tumor in comparison with the vena cava foramen (VCF) was decided by inspecting preoperative CT images and then correlated with upper/middle thoracic lymph node involvement. The incidence of upper/middle thoracic lymph node involvement was low in AEG and ESCC tumors having proximal ends below the VCF (0 %, 0 of 13, and 5.9 %, 1 of 17, for AEG and ESCC, respectively). In contrast, when the tumors' proximal ends were above the VCF, patients had higher frequencies of upper/middle thoracic lymph node involvement (36.4 %, 8 of 22, and 37.8 %, 34 of 90, for AEG and ESCC, respectively). Multivariate analysis showed that the location of the proximal end of the tumor is an independent risk factor related to upper/middle thoracic lymph node involvement (odds ratio 14.3, 95 % confidence interval 1.76-111, p = 0.013), whereas other clinical factors (cT, cN, tumor length, and histologic types) are not. This manner of stratification using preoperative CT images could be useful in deciding the extent of thoracic lymphadenectomy in both AEG and ESCC.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 02/2014; · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The feasibility, safety, and improved quality of postoperative life following laparoscopy-assisted pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (LAPPG) with a hand-sewn anastomosis via a mini-laparotomy for early gastric cancer (EGC) have been previously established. Here we describe the surgical procedure of totally laparoscopic pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (TLPPG) using an intracorporeal delta-shaped anastomosis technique, and the short-term surgical outcomes of 60 patients with EGC in the middle stomach are reported. After lymphadenectomy and mobilization of the stomach, intraoperative gastroscopy was performed in order to verify the location of the tumor, and then the distal and proximal transecting lines were established, 5 cm from the pyloric ring and just proximal to Demel's line, respectively. Following transection of the stomach, a delta-shaped intracorporeal gastrogastrostomy was made with linear staplers. There were no intraoperative complications or conversions to open surgery. Mean operation time and blood loss were 259 min and 28 mL, respectively. Twelve patients (20.0 %) experienced postoperative complications classified as grade II using the Clavien-Dindo classification, with the most frequent complication being gastric stasis (6 cases, 10.0 %). The incidence of severe complications classified as grade III or above was 1.7 %; only one patient required reoperation and intensive care due to postoperative intraabdominal bleeding and subsequent multiple organ failure. TLPPG with an intracorporeal delta-shaped anastomosis was found to be a safe procedure, although it tended to require a longer operating time than the well-established LAPPG with a hand-sewn gastrogastrostomy.
    Gastric Cancer 01/2014; · 3.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Minimally invasive techniques have been applied with increasing frequency to stoma creation. A recent focus in the field of minimally invasive surgery is laparoscopic single-site surgery. The aim of this study was to assess whether this procedure is a feasible option compared with other techniques of stoma creation. We introduced laparoscopic surgery to fecal diversion in April 2010 at the Cancer Institute Hospital of the Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research. This technique was performed on 53 patients, including 15 laparoscopic single-site surgeries, from April 2010 to December 2011. Of these 15 cases, 8 ileostomies and 7 colostomies were created. The mean operative time was 65.9 minutes (range, 32 to 93 min). The estimated volume of blood loss was small in all cases. There were no intraoperative complications. All patients started an oral diet on the second postoperative day with the exception of 1 patient who suffered from prolonged paralytic ileus. A laparoscopic single-site approach to stoma creation may be a feasible option in fecal diversion.
    Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques 01/2014; · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abdominosacral resection may be the only curative procedure for locally advanced rectal cancer involving the presacral fascia or sacrum. Multimodal therapy might be necessary to prevent local and distant recurrence for such tumors. A 67-year-old man was diagnosed with locally advanced rectal cancer widely involving the right pelvic sidewall and presacral fascia near the S4/5 junction on the right posterolateral side. We performed laparoscopic abdominosacral resection (S4/5) with en bloc right lateral lymph node dissection and seminal vesicle resection to obtain a clear resection margin after systemic chemotherapy with mFOLFOX6 (oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-fluorouracil) plus bevacizumab, followed by preoperative chemoradiotherapy. The total operative time was 660 min, and the estimated blood loss was 550 mL. The final pathological findings revealed no residual cancer cells (pathological complete response). Laparoscopic abdominosacral resection appears to be safe and feasible in selected patients.
    Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery 01/2014; 7(1):52-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Although a number of studies have reported acquired drug resistance due to administration of epidermal growth factor receptor antibody inhibitors, the underlying causes of this phenomenon remain unclear. Here we report a case of a 75-year-old man with liver metastasis at 3 years after a successful transverse colectomy to treat KRAS wild-type colorectal cancer. While initial administration of epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors proved effective, continued use of the same treatment resulted in new peritoneal seeding. An acquired KRAS mutation was found in a resected tissue specimen from one such area. This mutation, possibly caused by administration of epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors, appears to have conferred drug resistance. The present findings suggest that administration of epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors results in an acquired KRAS mutation that confers drug resistance.
    BMC Research Notes 12/2013; 6(1):508.
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    ABSTRACT: Postoperative complications such as anastomotic leakage were reported to be a major independent prognostic factor for long-term survival in gastrointestinal malignancies. This study sought to clarify the prognostic significance of postoperative inflammatory complications specifically for patients with gastric cancer. This study included 1,395 patients who underwent curative resection for gastric cancer from 2005 to 2008. Complications were evaluated according to the Clavien-Dindo classification. Overall survival (OS) and disease-specific mortality (DSM) were compared between complication and no-complication groups. Presence of complications was modeled by the Cox proportional hazard model for OS and the Fine and Gray competing risk regression model for DSM to assess the correlation between complication and prognosis. The median follow-up time was 3.1 years. Two hundred seven patients (14.8 %) had complications of grade 2 or higher. Of 131 patients who died within this period, 87 died of gastric cancer. The 3-year OS in the complication group was 84.1 % compared to 93.1 % in the no-complication group (P < 0.0001). The cumulative incidence of DSM was also significantly worse in patients with complications (P < 0.0001). Multivariate analysis identified the same significant increasing risk of complication for both OS (hazard ratio 1.88; 95 % confidence interval 1.26-2.80) and DSM (hazard ratio 1.90; 95 % confidence interval 1.19-3.02). Postoperative complications that can cause prolonged inflammation have an obvious impact not only on the OS but also on the DSM of patients with gastric cancer even if the tumor is resected curatively.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 11/2013; · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Total pelvic exenteration (TPE) may be the only procedure that can cure T4 rectal cancer that directly invades the urinary bladder or prostate. Here, we describe our experience of laparoscopic TPE with en bloc lateral lymph node dissection for advanced primary rectal cancer. A 62-year-old man diagnosed with advanced lower rectal cancer (T4bN0M0) underwent laparoscopic TPE with en bloc lateral lymph node dissection after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Ligation of the dorsal vein complex was performed under direct visualization through the perineal approach, and the large perineal defect was reconstructed using bilateral V-Y advancement of the gluteus maximus musculocutaneous flaps. The ileal conduit was constructed extracorporeally through an extended umbilical port that was extended to 4 cm. The total operative time was 831 min and estimated blood loss was 600 mL. Laparoscopic TPE appears to be safe and feasible in selected patients.
    Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery 11/2013; 6(4):314-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Background/Aim: The purpose of this study was to establish whether CTC count and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression in CTCs predicted outcome in patients with advance colorectal cancer (ACC) receiving cetuximab as third-line treatment. Between October 2008 and March 2011, 63 patients with KRAS wild-type ACC were treated with cetuximab-containing chemotherapy at the Cancer Institute Hospital. We measured the CTC count and EGFR expression on CTCs using the CellSearch System (Veridex LLC, NJ, USA). Nineteen patients (30%) with a high number of CTCs had a significantly lower overall survival compared with 44 patients with a low number of CTCs. No significant difference was observed in progression-free survival between the two groups. Out of the 33 patients positive for CTCs (one or more CTC), seven patients (21%) were positive for EGFR expression. No statistically significant difference was observed in clinical outcome between EGFR-positive and EGFR-negative patients. A high CTC count predicted reduced overall survival in patients with ACC treated with cetuximab-combination chemotherapy as third-line treatment. These results suggest that the assessment of CTCs might provide with important prognostic information for such patients.
    Anticancer research 09/2013; 33(9):3905-10. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The safety of surgery for gastric cancer in the elderly has been shown previously. However, potentially fatal complications based on an established severity grading system were not well described, and associated risk factors have not been assessed. The present study sought to examine severity-dependent postoperative complications after laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) in elderly patients and risk factors of potentially fatal postoperative complications. The study included 189 patients aged 70 years or older and who underwent LADG for early gastric cancer. Patient characteristics, perioperative outcomes, postoperative complications including severity assessment using the Clavien-Dindo classification, and risk factors related to postoperative complications were analyzed. The overall complication rate was 24.9 % (47/189). The most frequent complication was abdominal fluid collection (9 cases, 4.8 %). Severe complications classified as grade III or above in the Clavien-Dindo grading system were found in 20 (10.6 %) patients. Multivariate analysis identified preoperative serum albumin concentration (odds ratio, 5.200; 95 % CI, 1.706-15.850), Roux-en-Y reconstruction (odds ratio, 3.611; 95 % CI, 1.103-11.817), and simultaneous cholecystectomy (odds ratio, 5.008; 95 % CI, 1.378-18.201) as independent predictors of a higher rate of severe postoperative complications after LADG in elderly patients. The incidence of severe complications after LADG in the elderly was quite acceptable considering the risks associated with radical surgery with extensive lymphadenectomy. Preoperative serum concentrations of albumin (<4.0 g/dl), Roux-en-Y reconstruction, and simultaneous cholecystectomy are independent risk factors for severe postoperative complications in these patients.
    Gastric Cancer 08/2013; · 3.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The significance of lateral pelvic lymph node (LPLN) metastasis in advanced low rectal cancer treated with preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) remains unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of selective LPLN dissection (LPLD) based on the pretreatment imaging in patients with advanced low rectal cancer treated with preoperative CRT. We reviewed 127 consecutive patients with clinical stage II-III low rectal cancer below the peritoneal reflection who underwent preoperative CRT and curative resection. LPLD was performed in patients with suspected LPLN metastasis based on MDCT or MRI before CRT (LPLD group, N = 38), and only total mesorectal excision (TME) was performed in patients without suspected LPLN metastasis (TME group, N = 89). Clinical characteristics and the oncological outcome were compared between groups. The median tumor-to-anal verge distance was 40 mm in both groups. The median maximum long-axis LPLN diameter before CRT was 0 mm in the TME group and 10.5 mm in the LPLD group. Pathological LPLN metastasis was confirmed in 25 patients (66 %) in the LPLD group. Local recurrence at LPLN developed in 3 patients (3.4 %) in the TME group and in none (0 %) of the LPLD group. Multivariate analysis showed that only ypN was an independent prognostic factor for relapse-free survival (RFS), but LPLN metastasis was not associated with poor RFS. The incidence of LPLN metastasis is high even after preoperative CRT, and LPLD might improve local control and survival of patients with LPLN metastasis in advanced low rectal cancer treated with preoperative CRT.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 08/2013; · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Past reports have suggested that the addition of bevacizumab (BV) to oxaliplatin combined with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and folinic acid (leucovorin) (FOLFOX4) provides a limited survival benefit in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Our study aimed to evaluate the survival benefits of a FOLFOX4 + BV regimen. Patients with mCRC who started treatment between April 2005 and July 2008 were evaluated in this retrospective cohort study. Patients received FOLFOX4, or FOLFOX4 + BV after the approval of BV in 2007. The two cohorts treated before and after BV approval were compared. Primary end-points were progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and response rate (RR). A total of 213 patients received either FOLFOX4 (n = 128) or FOLFOX4 + BV (n = 85). For FOLFOX4 and FOLFOX4 + BV respectively, median PFS was 9.9 and 17.0 months (HR, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.42-0.82; P = 0.002), median OS was 20.5 and 38.8 months (HR, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.34-0.71; P < 0.001), respectively. Patients who received 5-fluorouracil plus leucovorin (FL) as maintenance therapy during oxaliplatin suspension in both FOLFOX4 (n = 6) and FOLFOX4 + BV (n = 46) groups showed a trend to improved median PFS and median OS. The additive effect and potential survival benefits of adding BV to the FOLFOX4 regimen in first-line treatment of mCRC were demonstrated. Maintenance FL during suspension of oxaliplatin appeared to be an important factor in better survival.
    Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology 08/2013; · 0.91 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

3k Citations
550.54 Total Impact Points


  • 2003–2014
    • Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research
      • Department of Urology
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2012
    • Shizuoka Cancer Center
      Sizuoka, Shizuoka, Japan
  • 2011
    • Teikyo University Hospital
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2006–2011
    • University Hospital Medical Information Network
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2010
    • National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
      • Division of Surgery V
      Athens, Attiki, Greece
    • National Defense Medical College
      • Department of Surgery
      Tokorozawa, Saitama-ken, Japan
  • 2007–2008
    • Tokyo Metropolitan Cancer and Infectious Diseases Center
      • Department of Surgery
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2002–2007
    • The University of Tokyo
      • • Division of Surgery
      • • Faculty & Graduate School of Medicine
      • • Department of Surgical Sciences
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1987–2005
    • Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Division of Digestive Surgery
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan
  • 1999
    • Tokyo Medical and Dental University
      • Department of Molecular Cytogenetics
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan