Faruk Onder Aytekin

Pamukkale University, Denisli, Denizli, Turkey

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Publications (19)43.54 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The treatment of postoperative mediastinitis is very important because of its high morbidity, mortality, and increased hospital stay and hospital costs. The aims of our research were to investigate whether linezolid alone can be an effective treatment agent for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) mediastinitis, and to determine whether linezolid can provide synergistic activity when given in combination with rifampin. A partial upper median sternotomy was performed on 70 rats. The animals were divided into seven groups: an uncontaminated control group; an untreated contaminated group; three contaminated groups that received antibiotic therapy with either 25 or 50 mg/kg linezolid twice a day, or rifampin 5 mg/kg twice a day; and two contaminated groups that received a combination therapy consisting of 25 or 50 mg/kg linezolid and rifampin 5 mg/kg twice a day. The antibiotic treatment lasted 7 days. Tissue samples from the upper ends of the sternum and swab specimens of the upper mediastinum were obtained and evaluated microbiologically. The 25-mg/kg dose of linezolid, either alone or combined with rifampin, was not effective in reducing the bacterial counts in mediastinum and sternum. Quantitative bacterial cultures of mediastinum and sternum were significantly lower in the groups receiving 50 mg/kg linezolid alone or in combination with rifampin compared with the control. Adding of rifampin to linezolid therapy did not result in a significant change in bacterial counts versus linezolid alone. A high dose of linezolid should be considered as a possible therapeutic agent for the treatment of post-sternotomy infection caused by MRSA.
    International Journal of Infectious Diseases 08/2008; 12(4):396-401. · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a 31-year-old woman with Crohn's disease complicated by multiple stenoses and internal fistulas clinically misdiagnosed as small bowel endometriosis, due to the patient's perimenstrual symptoms of mechanical subileus for 3 years; at first monthly, but later continuous, and gradually increasing in severity. We performed an exploratory laparotomy for small bowel obstruction, and found multiple ileal strictures and internal enteric fistulas. Because intraoperative findings were thought to indicate Crohn's disease, a right hemicolectomy and partial distal ileum resection were performed for obstructive Crohn's ileitis. Histopathology of the resected specimen revealed Crohn's disease without endometrial tissue. The patient made an uneventful recovery from this procedure and was discharged home 10 d post-operatively. The differential diagnosis of Crohn's disease with intestinal endometriosis may be difficult pre-operatively. The two entities share many overlapping clinical, radiological and pathological features. Nevertheless, when it is difficult to identify the cause of intestinal obstruction in a woman of child-bearing age with cyclical symptoms suggestive of small bowel endometriosis, Crohn's disease should be included in the differential diagnosis.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 02/2008; 14(1):146-51. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Secondary peritonitis causes considerable mortality and morbidity. New strategies have been introduced like relaparotomy and temporary abdominal closure in the management of such persistent intra-abdominal infections. Rats were divided into five groups each having ten animals. After induction of peritonitis, relaparotomies were done, and the abdomen was closed by different temporary abdominal closure techniques. After performing two relaparotomies during a 48-h period, all fascias closed primarily and incisional tensile strengths, hydroxyproline contents, and adhesions were measured on the following seventh day. The median values of tensile strength and hydroxyproline concentrations were lowest in skin-only closure rats. Intraperitoneal adhesion scores were highest in Bogota bag closure group. Primary, Bogota bag, and polyprolene mesh closures seem to be safe in terms of early fascial wound healing. Although it is easy to perform, skin-only closure technique has deleterious effects on fascial wound healing probably due to fascial retraction. Interestingly, Bogota bag has caused increased intraperitoneal adhesion formation.
    Langenbeck s Archives of Surgery 02/2008; 393(1):67-73. · 1.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) is a low-molecular-weight thiol antioxidant and potent inhibitor of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation. It has been shown to attenuate harmful effects of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in many organs. In recent animal studies, destructive effects of reperfusion injury has been demonstrated. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether PDTC prevents harmful effects of superior mesenteric I/R injury in rats. Wistar-albino rats were randomly allocated into the following 4 groups: (1) sham-operated group--these animals underwent laparotomy without I/R injury (group I, n = 12); (2) sham+PDTC group--identical to sham-operated rats except for the administration of PDTC (100 mg/kg intravenous bolus) 30 minutes prior to the commencement of the experimental period (group II, n = 12); (3) I/R group--these animals underwent laparotomy and 60 minutes of ischemia followed by 120 minutes of reperfusion (group III, n = 12); (4) PDTC-treated group (100 mg/kg, intravenously, before the I/R, group IV, n = 12). All animals were killed, and intestinal tissue samples were obtained for investigation of intestinal mucosal injury, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, glutathione (GSH) levels, and intestinal edema. There was a statistically significant decrease in GSH levels, along with an increase in intestinal mucosal injury scores, MPO activity, MDA levels, and intestinal tissue wet-to-dry weight ratios in group III when compared to groups I, II, and IV (P < .05). However, PDTC treatment led to a statistically significant increase in GSH levels, along with a decrease in intestinal mucosal injury scores, MPO activity, MDA levels, and intestinal tissue wet-to-dry weight ratios in group IV (P < .05). This study showed that PDTC treatment significantly prevented the reperfusion injury caused by superior mesenteric I/R. Further clinical studies are needed to clarify whether PDTC may be a useful therapeutic agent to use in particular operations where the reperfusion injury occurs.
    American journal of surgery 09/2007; 194(2):255-62. · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) is a low-molecular-weight thiol antioxidant and potent inhibitor of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation. It has been shown to attenuate local harmful effects of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in many organs. In recent animal studies, a delaying effect of remote organ I/R injury on the healing of colonic anastomoses has been demonstrated. In this study we investigated whether PDTC prevents harmful systemic effects of superior mesenteric I/R on left colonic anastomosis in rats. Anastomosis of the left colon was performed in 40 rats randomly allocated into the following four groups: (1) Sham-operated group (group I, n = 10)-simultaneously with colonic anastomosis, the superior mesenteric artery and collateral branches divided from the celiac axis and the inferior mesenteric artery were isolated but not occluded. (2) Sham+PDTC group (group II, n = 10)-identical to sham-operated rats except for the administration of PDTC (100 mg/kg IV bolus) 30 minutes prior to commencing the experimental period. (3) I/R group (group III, n = 10)-60 minutes of intestinal I/R by superior mesenteric artery occlusion. (4) PDTC-treated group (group IV, n = 10)-PDTC 100 mg/kg before and after the I/R. On postoperative day 6, all animals were sacrificed, and anastomotic bursting pressures were measured in vivo. Tissue samples were obtained for investigation of anastomotic hydroxyproline (HP) contents, perianastomotic malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, myeloperoxidase activity (MPO), and glutathione (GSH) level. There was a statistically significant decrease in anastomotic bursting pressure values, tissue HP content and GSH level, along with an increase in MDA level and MPO activity in group III, when compared to groups I, II, and IV (p < 0.05). However, PDTC treatment led to a statistically significant increase in anastomotic bursting pressure values, tissue HP content and GSH level, along with a decrease in MDA level and MPO activity in group IV (p < 0.05). This study showed that PDTC treatment significantly prevented the delaying effect of remote organ I/R injury on anastomotic healing in the colon. Further clinical studies are needed to clarify whether PDTC may be a useful therapeutic agent for increasing the safety of the anastomosis during particular operations where remote organ I/R injury occurs.
    World Journal of Surgery 09/2007; 31(9):1835-42. · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) is a low-molecular thiol antioxidant and potent inhibitor of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation. It has been shown to attenuate local harmful effects of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in many organs. In this study, we aimed to study the effect of PDTC on lung reperfusion injury induced by superior mesenteric occlusion. Male Wistar-albino rats randomized into three groups: (1) sham-operated control group (n = 12), laparotomy without I/R injury; (2) intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) group (n = 12), 60 min of ischemia by superior mesenteric occlusion followed by 2 h of reperfusion; and (3) I/R+PDTC-treated group (n = 12), 100 mg/kg injection of PDTC intravenously, 30 min after the commencement of reperfusion. Evans blue dye was injected to half of rats in all groups before the induction of I/R. We assessed the degree of pulmonary tissue injury biochemically by measuring malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), and nitric oxide (NO) levels, and histopathologically by establishing pulmonary neutrophil sequestration and acute lung injury scoring. Pulmonary edema was evaluated by Evans blue dye extravasation, as well as lung tissue wet/dry weight ratios. Pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate treatment significantly reduced the MDA and NO levels, and increased the GSH levels in the lung parenchyma, biochemically (p < 0.05), and atteneuated the pulmonary parenchymal damage, histopathologically (p < 0.05). However, pulmonary neutrophil sequestration was not affected by postischemic treatment with PDTC (p > 0.05). Pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate administration also significantly alleviated the formation of pulmonary edema, as evidenced by the decreased Evans blue dye extravasation and organ wet/dry weight ratios (p < 0.05). This study showed that postischemic treatment with PDTC significantly attenuated the lung reperfusion injury. Further clinical studies are needed for better understanding of the specific mechanisms of PDTC protection against I/R-related organ injury and to clarify whether PDTC may be a useful therapeutic agent during particular operations where remote organ I/R injury occurs.
    World Journal of Surgery 08/2007; 31(8):1707-15. · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tempol (Sigma-Aldrich, Steinheim, Germany) is a stable piperidine nitroxide of low molecular weight that permeates biologic membranes and scavenges superoxide anions in vitro. In recent animal studies, the delaying effect of intraperitoneal sepsis on the healing of colonic anastomoses has been shown. In this study we aimed to investigate the effects of Tempol on the healing of colonic anastomoses in the presence of polymicrobial sepsis. Anastomosis of the left colon was performed on the day after cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in 30 rats that were divided into 3 groups: sham-operated control (laparotomy and cecal mobilization, group I, n = 10), CLP (group II, n = 10), Tempol-treated group (30 mg/kg intravenously before the construction of colonic anastomosis, group III, n = 10). On postoperative day 6, all animals were killed and anastomotic bursting pressures were measured in vivo. Tissue samples were obtained for further investigation of anastomotic hydroxyproline (HP) contents, perianastomotic myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, malondialdehyde (MDA), and glutathione (GSH) levels. There was a statistically significant increase in MPO activity and MDA levels in the CLP group (group II), along with a decrease in GSH levels, anastomotic HP contents, and bursting pressure values when compared with controls (group I). However, Tempol treatment led to a statistically significant increase in anastomotic bursting pressure values, tissue HP contents, and GSH levels, along with a decrease in MPO activity and MDA levels in group III (P < .05). This study showed that Tempol treatment significantly prevented the delaying effect of CLP-induced polymicrobial sepsis on anastomotic healing in the left colon. Further clinical studies are needed to clarify whether Tempol may be a useful therapeutic agent to increase the safety of the anastomosis during particular surgeries in which sepsis-induced organ injury occurs.
    American journal of surgery 06/2007; 193(6):723-9. · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tempol (4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-N-oxyl) is a water-soluble analogue of the spin label TEMPO. As an antioxidative agent, it is a member of nitroxides, which detoxifies superoxide and possibly other toxic radicals in vivo. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether tempol prevents harmful systemic effects of superior mesenteric ischemia-reperfusion on left colonic anastomosis in rats. Anastomosis of the left colon was performed in 30 rats that were divided into three groups each having ten animals: sham-operated control (group I), 60 min of intestinal ischemia-reperfusion by superior mesenteric artery occlusion (group II), and tempol-treated group (30 mg/kg before and after the ischemia-reperfusion (group III). On postoperative day 5, all animals were killed and anastomotic bursting pressures were measured in vivo. Tissue samples were obtained for further investigation of anastomotic hydroxyproline content, perianastomotic malondialdehyde, and glutathione levels. There was a statistically significant increase in the quantity of myeloperoxidase activity and malondialdehyde levels in group II, along with a decrease in glutathione levels, anastomotic hydroxyproline content, and bursting pressure values when compared to controls. However, all of the investigated parameters were normalized in tempol-treated animals (group III). We conclude that tempol significantly prevents harmful systemic effects of reperfusion injury on colonic anastomoses in a rat model of superior mesenteric artery occlusion.
    International Journal of Colorectal Disease 04/2007; 22(3):325-31. · 2.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) is a low-molecular thiol antioxidant and potent inhibitor of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation. In recent animal studies, the delaying effect of intraperitoneal sepsis on healing of colonic anastomoses has been demonstrated. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of PDTC on healing of colonic anastomoses in the presence of intraperitoneal sepsis induced by a rodent model of cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Anastomosis of the left colon was performed on the day following CLP in 30 rats that were divided into three groups: sham-operated control (laparotomy and cecal mobilization, group I, n =10), cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) (group II, n = 10), PDTC-treated group (100 mg/kg IV before construction of the colonic anastomosis) (group III, n = 10). On postoperative day 6, all animals were sacrificed, and anastomotic bursting pressures were measured in vivo. Tissue samples were obtained for further investigation of colonic anastomotic hydroxyproline (HP) contents, perianastomotic myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, and malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) levels. There was a statistically significant increase in the activity of MPO and MDA levels in the CLP group (group II) along with a decrease in GSH levels, colonic anastomotic HP contents, and bursting pressure values when compared to controls (group I). However, PDTC treatment led to a statistically significant increase in the tissue HP contents, GSH levels, and colonic anastomotic bursting pressure values, along with a decrease in MPO activity and MDA levels in group III (p < 0.05). This study showed that PDTC treatment significantly prevented the delaying effect of CLP-induced intraperitoneal sepsis on anastomotic healing in the colon. Further clinical studies are needed to clarify whether PDTC may be a useful therapeutic agent to increase the safety of the anastomosis during particular operations where sepsis-induced injury occurs.
    World Journal of Surgery 01/2007; 31(1):200-9. · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of relaparotomies and temporary abdominal closure on colonic anastomoses and postoperative adhesions is under debate. In the experiments reported here, colonic anastomosis was constructed 24 hours after cecal ligation and puncture in rats that were divided into three groups of eight animals each. The abdomen was closed primarily in groups I and II, and a Bogota bag was used for abdominal closure in group III. At 24 hours following anastomosis, relaparotomy was performed only in group II and III rats, and the abdomen was closed directly in group II; after removal of the Bogota bag in group III animals, the abdomen was closed directly. On the fifth day of anastomotic construction, bursting pressures and tissue hydroxyproline content of the anastomoses, along with peritoneal adhesions, were assessed and compared. Mean anastomotic bursting pressures and hydroxyproline contents did not differ among the groups. Median adhesion scores were significantly higher in group III than the other two groups. Relaparotomy and the type of temporary closure have no negative effect on anastomotic healing in rats with peritonitis. Temporary abdominal closure with a Bogota bag caused a significantly high rate of adhesions.
    World Journal of Surgery 05/2006; 30(4):612-9. · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the role of interleukin (IL)-10 gene therapy on the reperfusion-induced lung injury, we utilised the technique of liposomal gene delivery before the induction of intestinal ischemia. Plasmid DNA encoding human IL10 (hIL-10) or empy vector was injected intraperitoneally 24 h before the study. Male Balb/c mice randomized into three groups: Sham operated control (n = 12), empty plasmid vector (n = 12), and hIL-10 gene therapy group (n = 12). The ischemia was generated by selective occlusion of superior mesenteric artery for 60 min and followed by reperfusion for 30 min. Lung tissue neutrophil infiltration was determined by myeloperoxidase assay and neutrophil counts. For the determination of lung tissue microvascular permeability, Evans blue dye injection was made and the lung edema was assessed by wet/dry ratio. hIL-10 protein expression was studied by immunostaining and ELISA. We found that pre-ischemic hIL-10 overexpression attenuated dye extravasation, leukocyte sequestration and reduced pulmonary tissue injury compared to the empty vector-injected control. Our study indicates that pre-ischemic hIL-10 overexpression attenuates lung injury caused by intestinal ischemia-reperfusion.
    The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine 11/2005; 207(2):133-42. · 1.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pleurodesis is a frequently preferred procedure in thoracic surgery, and many factors may affect the process. We aimed to determine whether the administration of systemic diclofenac sodium diminishes the effectiveness of the pleurodesis induced by intrapleural tetracycline in rabbits. Twelve male New Zealand rabbits that received tetracycline 35 mg/kg intrapleurally were allocated into two groups. The first group (diclofenac group, n = 6) received 2 mg/kg diclofenac sodium intramuscularly for 10 days, and the second group (control group, n = 6) received acetaminophen 30 mg/kg orally for 10 days after the pleurodesis procedure. The rabbits were sacrificed after 28 days, and the pleural spaces were assessed grossly for evidence of pleurodesis and microscopically for evidence of fibrosis, inflammation, and collagenization. The mean macroscopic pleurodesis score of the diclofenac group was 2.16 +/- 0.40 compared with 2.83 +/- 0.40 in the control group (p = .027). The mean microscopic pleurodesis score of the diclofenac group was 2. 3 +/- 1.03, whereas it was 3.5 +/- 0.54 in the control group (p = .045). The administration of diclofenac sodium for 10 days following tetracycline pleurodesis reduces the effectiveness of pleurodesis in rabbits.
    Journal of Investigative Medicine 08/2005; 53(5):267-70. · 1.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To review the outcome of patients operated for hilar cholangiocarcinoma and analyse prognostic variables. A prospectively collected database on patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma, between 1992 and 2003, and relevant clinical notes were reviewed retrospectively. A total of 174 patients, 96 male, median age 63 years (27-86), were referred. Jaundice was the initial presentation in 167. ERCP was the initial interventional investigation at the referring centre in 150, of which only 30 were stented successfully. PTC and decompression was carried out on 120. In 17, combined PTC and ERCP were required for placement of stents. Seventy-two underwent laparotomy at which 27 had locally advanced disease. Forty-five had potentially curative resections. Extra hepatic bile duct resection was done in 14 patients of which four were R0 resections. Thirty-one had bile duct resection including partial hepatectomy with 19 R0 resections (P=0.042). Post-operative complications developed in 19 patients, and there were 4 30 day mortalities [hepatic insufficiency:/sepsis (n=3), thrombosis of the reconstructed portal vein (n=1)]. Among the patients with R0 resections, the cumulative survival rates at 1, 3, and 5 year; was 83, 58, 41%, respectively, and in those with R1 resections were 71, 24, 24%, respectively, (P=0.021). Overall survival was shorter in patients with positive perineural invasion (P=0.066: NS). There was no significant difference in survival between the node positive and negative group. Median survival of patients who underwent liver resection was longer than those with bile duct resection only (30 vs 24 months P=0.43: NS). ERCP was associated with a high failure rate in achieving pre-operative biliary decompression which was subsequently achieved by PTC. Clear histological margins were associated with improved survival and were better achieved by liver resection as compared to extra hepatic bile duct resection. Positive level I lymph nodes did not adversely impact survival.
    European Journal of Surgical Oncology 07/2005; 31(5):533-9. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mesenteric ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) is a well-known event causing both local and remote organ injuries, including the lungs. Recently, several studies indicated that activated leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions play an important role in the mechanisms of these injuries. As a natural inhibitor of serine proteases, antithrombin was shown previously to attenuate the tissue damage after local I/R in several organ systems. Here, we examined the effects of antithrombin on pulmonary injury after mesenteric I/R. Wistar albino rats underwent median laparotomy and were randomized into 3 groups: (1) sham-operated control (n = 12), (2) 60 minutes of mesenteric ischemia and 3 hours of reperfusion (n = 12), and (3) antithrombin-pretreated (250 U/kg) group before the I/R (n = 12). At the end of reperfusion, animals were killed and neutrophil sequestration, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, and Evans blue dye extravasation in the lung parenchyma were assessed and compared. There was a statistically significant increase in the quantity of Evans blue dye concentration, leukocyte sequestration, and MPO activity in the I/R group when compared with the control group. The pretreatment of animals with antithrombin significantly decreased the pulmonary injury characterized by increased Evans blue dye extravasation, leukocyte sequestration, and MPO activity. The data of the present study suggest that mesenteric ischemia and reperfusion induces pulmonary injury characterized by activated neutrophil sequestration and increased microvascular leakage in the lungs. A significant attenuation of intestinal I/R-related lung injury with the use of antithrombin concentrate warrants further studies to elucidate the potential role of this natural serine protease inhibitor in clinical settings.
    The American Journal of Surgery 03/2005; 189(2):161-6. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The treatment of intersphincteric and low transsphincteric fistula is well defined, but controversy remains around the management of complex perianal fistula. This study was designed to assess the utility of anocutaneous flap repair in complex types of perianal fistula. Sixty-five perianal fistula in 65 patients treated with anocutaneous advancement flap for the complex fistula, between April 1998 and December 2002, are included this prospective study. Mean age was 34 +/- 2.1 (range, 24-53) years. Magnetic resonance imaging was used for the diagnosis of fistula. Excision of the internal opening and the overlying anoderm, curettage of the fistula tract, closure of internal opening with absorbable polyglactin 3/0 suture, and drainage of the external opening(s) by insertion of penrose drain were common operational steps. Outcome was evaluated in terms of healing and incontinence. Successful healing of 59 of 65 complex fistulas was achieved using this technique with no disturbance of continence and minimal complications. Mean follow-up and complete healing time were 32 +/- 0.6 (range, 12-52) months and 5.4 +/- 0.8 (range, 3-7) weeks respectively. Although the study cases were relatively small in number, this report showed that clinical results of anocutaneous advancement flap are acceptable. However, large studies are needed to reach an ultimate conclusion for assessing the place of anocutaneous flap advancement in complex fistula.
    Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 01/2005; 47(12):2178-83. · 3.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Despite its advantages, iatrogenic gallbladder perforation with resultant spillage of bile and gallstones is not uncommon during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Although this is not generally considered a significant problem, spilled gallstones may cause problems even years after the operation. Hyaluronic acid has been introduced into clinical practice and successfully used to decrease postoperative adhesions after abdominopelvic surgery. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of a hyaluronic-acid derivative in preventing complications related to spilled gallstones and bile leakage in an experimental study. In 60 Wistar-Albino rats, an upper-midline abdominal incision was made, and the rats were divided into 5 groups (n = 12 in each group) as follows: group I = laparotomy alone; group II = laparotomy and intraperitoneal instillation of sterile bile plus gallstones; group III = laparotomy and instillation of infected bile and gallstones; group IV = laparotomy and instillation of sterile bile and gallstones plus hyaluronic acid; and group V = laparotomy and instillation of infected bile and gallstones plus HA. A second-look laparotomy was performed on postoperative day 10 to assess intraperitoneal adhesions and abscesses. Intraperitoneal adhesions were scored, and breaking strengths of gallstones were measured. Adhesion scores were significantly higher in groups II and III compared with groups I, IV, and V (P < 0.05). There was a statistically significant decrease in breaking strengths and adhesion scores in groups IV and V compared with groups II and III (P < 0.001). Whether infected or not, spilled gallstones and bile caused postoperative adhesions in this experimental model. An HA derivative significantly prevented postoperative adhesions and decreased breaking strengths. Further clinical studies are needed to validate these findings.
    The American Journal of Surgery 09/2004; 188(3):288-93. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Antithrombin III is known as the most important natural inhibitor of thrombin activity and has been shown to attenuate local harmful effects of ischemia-reperfusion injury in many organs. In recent animal studies, delaying effect of remote organ ischemia-reperfusion injury on healing of intestinal anastomoses has been demonstrated. In this study, we investigated whether antithrombin III reduces deleterious systemic effects of ischemia-reperfusion injury on healing of colonic anastomoses in rats. Anastomosis of the left colon was performed in 24 rats that were divided into three groups: sham operated control (group I, n = 8), 30 minutes of intestinal ischemia-reperfusion by superior mesenteric artery occlusion (group II, n = 8), antithrombin III treated group (250 U/kg before and after the ischemia-reperfusion, group III, n = 8). On postoperative day 6, all animals were sacrificed, and bursting pressure and tissue hydroxyproline content of the anastomoses were assessed and compared. On postoperative day 6 the mean bursting pressures were 149.6 +/- 4.8, 69.8 +/- 13.5, and 121.8 +/- 8.7 mm Hg for groups I, II, and III, respectively (P = 0.000). Mean tissue hydroxyproline concentration values were 389.5 +/- 29.6, 263.1 +/- 10.0, and 376.0 +/- 33.8 microg/mg for groups I, II, III respectively (P = 0.005). This study showed that, antithrombin III treatment significantly prevented the delaying effect of remote organ ischemia-reperfusion injury on anastomotic healing in the colon. Further clinical studies are needed to clarify whether antithrombin may be a useful therapeutic agent to increase the safety of the anastomosis during particular operations where remote organ ischemia-reperfusion injury takes place.
    The American Journal of Surgery 09/2002; 184(2):160-5. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ectopic prostatic tissue at various sites within and outside the genitourinary system has been reported previously. A case of ectopic prostatic tissue located in the anal canal causing rectal bleeding is presented. The patient was referred to our clinic with rectal bleeding. At rectal examination a bleeding sessile polypoid mass 2.5 cm in size was found in anal canal and removed surgically. Histopathologic and immunohistochemical staining of the specimen confirmed the prostatic nature of the tissue. Prostatic heterotopia is significant in several respects. Either it may be an important cause of hematuria or unusually, as in our case, it may cause rectal bleeding. In addition, ectopic tissue may be endoscopically confused with malignancy in either urinary or lower gastrointestinal system. This and other reports may disclose the genesis and significance of this peculiar tissue remnant.
    Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 08/2002; 45(7):979-80. · 3.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Long-term intravascular access catheters with reservoirs are a common requirement for cancer patients. Complications resulting from the use of these devices have been studied in several single-institution investigations, the consensus being that they are safe and have a low complication rate. However, extravasation may occur especially in obese patients due to accidental infusion of the subcutaneous tissue. To prevent this problem we describe an easy method that could be an alternative to the widely used ultrasonography-guided injection method.
    Tumori 01/2002; 88(5):411-3. · 0.92 Impact Factor