George A Syrogiannopoulos

University of Thessaly, Iolcus, Thessaly, Greece

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Publications (69)324.83 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Nonadherence to recommended pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) schedules may have implications for protection against pneumococcal disease. In this commentary, we have assessed adherence to the recommended dosing schedules (the completion of the primary PCV and booster series) in different European countries. We found that adherence with the PCV schedule was lower than that for diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis (DTaP) and that higher adherence was observed in countries where PCV vaccination is recommended and funded. Adherence with the booster dose is often lower than that with the primary series completion, and it is often given after the recommended age. These data highlight the need to encourage timely vaccination of children with PCV, in line with local immunization schedules. There is no single solution to improve adherence; actions need to be tailored to the context of individual countries through initiatives at the national, regional, and local levels and should target different stakeholders.
    Clinical Therapeutics 04/2014; · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nonadherence to recommended pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) schedules may have implications for protection against pneumococcal disease. In this commentary, we have assessed adherence to the recommended dosing schedules (the completion of the primary PCV and booster series) in different European countries. We found that adherence with the PCV schedule was lower than that for diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis (DTaP) and that higher adherence was observed in countries where PCV vaccination is recommended and funded. Adherence with the booster dose is often lower than that with the primary series completion, and it is often given after the recommended age. These data highlight the need to encourage timely vaccination of children with PCV, in line with local immunization schedules. There is no single solution to improve adherence; actions need to be tailored to the context of individual countries through initiatives at the national, regional, and local levels and should target different stakeholders.
    Clinical Therapeutics. 01/2014;
  • The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease: the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 06/2013; 17(6):847-8. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of carbapenem-resistant pathogens (CRPs) has increased worldwide. Given the importance of CRPs for public health and the high rates of carbapenem resistance observed in Greece, the Hellenic Center for Disease Control and Prevention (HCDCP) under the auspices of the Ministry of Health has undertaken initiatives to develop an Action Plan (i) to estimate the burden of CRP infections in acute-care hospitals in Greece and (ii) to implement infection control measures to limit the intrahospital transmission of these organisms. Starting in November 2010, specific infections caused by CRPs were reported to the HCDCP weekly. Results showed that CRP infections constitute a significant public health problem in acute-care hospitals in this country, with a mean incidence of 0.48 per 1000 patient-days and a crude 28-day mortality rate of 34.4%. The second phase of the Action Plan consists of systemic evaluation for adherence to an infection control bundle including enhanced standard infection control practices, separation of carriers and infected patients from non-carriers, and strict implementation of contact precautions. Communication between hospitals and public health authorities has been established to facilitate rapid notification and feedback.
    Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance. 01/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: There are still sparse data on vaccination coverage against human papillomavirus (HPV) among students in the health professions. The aim of this study was to investigate HPV vaccination coverage in female students from the health professions in Greece. A self-administered, anonymous questionnaire was distributed to second-year and third-year female students pursuing degrees in medicine, nursing, and paramedical health disciplines in central Greece. Overall vaccination coverage was 44.3%. The major reason for lack of vaccination was fear about safety of the vaccine. Participants who had received information about safety of the vaccine from the mass media and paramedical students had lower vaccination coverage in comparison with students who had received information about vaccine safety from alternative sources. Further quantitative and qualitative research is needed to design educational activities targeting female students in the health professions in order to create a positive domino effect and improve HPV vaccination coverage levels in Greece.
    Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare 01/2013; 6:435-439.
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    ABSTRACT: An experimental 26-valent M protein Group A streptococcal (GAS) vaccine has entered clinical studies. Pharyngeal GAS emm type surveillances in different areas and time-periods enhance the understanding of the epidemiology of GAS pharyngitis. Moreover, these surveillances, combined with the data on GAS invasive disease, can play a significant role in the formulation of multivalent type-specific vaccines. During a 7-year period (1999-2005), 2408 GAS isolates were recovered from consecutive children with pharyngitis in Western Greece. The overall macrolide resistance rate was 22.8%. Along the study period we noted a tendency towards significantly decreased rates of resistance, with the lowest rates occurring in 2002 (15.3%), 2003 (15%) and 2004 (16.7%). A random sample of isolates from each year, 338 (61.7%) of the 548 macrolide-resistant and 205 (11%) of the macrolide-susceptible, underwent molecular analysis, including emm typing. The 543 typed isolates had 28 different emm types. A statistically significant association was found between macrolide resistance and emm4, emm22 and emm77, whereas emm1, emm3, emm6, emm12, emm87 and emm89 were associated with macrolide susceptibility. A significant yearly fluctuation was observed in emm4, emm28 and emm77. The most common macrolide-resistant GAS were emm77 isolates harboring erm(A), either alone or in combination with mef(A), emm4 carrying mef(A), emm28 possessing erm(B), emm75 carrying mef(A), emm12 harboring mef(A) and emm22 carrying erm(A). We estimated that 82.8% of the isolates belonged to emm types included in the novel 26-valent M protein vaccine. The vaccine coverage rate was determined mainly by the increased frequency of nonvaccine emm4 isolates. A limited number of emm types dominated among macrolide-susceptible and macrolide-resistant GAS isolates. We observed seasonal fluctuations, which were significant for emm4, emm28 and emm77. This type of data can serve as baseline information if the novel 26-valent M protein GAS vaccine is introduced into practice.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(8):e71558. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Toxoplasmosis is caused by infection with the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. Acute infections in pregnant women may be transmitted to the fetus and cause severe illness. The purpose of this study was to establish a dedicated surveillance network (DSN) for congenital toxoplasmosis (CT) in Greece, in order to assess the birth prevalence of CT. METHODS: A DSN of thirty clinicians was established for reporting CT cases from hospitals throughout Greece. The clinicians were selected on the basis that there was a high possibility the suspected cases would be referred to them from district hospitals or private clinics. Suspected cases of CT were reported on a monthly basis with a zero reporting card during a surveillance period from April 2006 to December 2009. A questionnaire was sent for any suspected case to record information including demographic parameters, clinical signs and symptoms and laboratory results. Serological and molecular confirmation of cases was performed by the Pasteur Hellenic Institute. All newborns suspected of CT received treatment and were serologically and clinically followed up for one year. RESULTS: The monthly response rate reached 100%, although only after reminders sent to 65% of the participant physicians. Sixty-three suspected CT cases were recorded by the DSN during the study period including fourteen confirmed and seven probable cases. Ten cases (47.6%) presented with symptoms at birth. Chorioretinitis was the most prominent manifestation, occurring in five symptomatic CT cases (50%). No other symptoms appeared by the end of the one year clinical follow up. No case was recorded by the existing surveillance system of the Hellenic Center of Disease Control and Prevention (HCDCP) during the same time period. Birth prevalence was estimated at 0.45, 0.51 and 0.51 per 10,000 births for 2007, 2008 and 2009 respectively. The incidence rate of symptomatic CT at birth was estimated at 0.10 cases per 10,000 births per year in Greece (for the period 2007--2009). CONCLUSION: The DSN for CT proved to be more sensitive than the classical notification system, easy in application and very efficient in reporting rare diseases such as CT. Similar DSNs could be used to provide useful information on other rare diseases.
    BMC Public Health 11/2012; 12(1):1019. · 2.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: We sought to characterize the temporal trends in nasopharyngeal carriage of macrolide-resistant pneumococci during a period with increased heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) coverage in Central Greece. METHODS: Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates were recovered from 2649 nasopharyngeal samples obtained from day-care center attendees in Central Greece during 2005--2009. A phenotypic and genotypic analysis of the isolates was performed, including the identification of macrolide resistance genes mef(A), subclasses mef(A) and mef(E), as well as erm(B). RESULTS: Of the 1105 typeable S. pneumoniae isolates, 265 (24%) were macrolide-resistant; 22% in 2005, 33.3% in 2006, 23.7% in 2007, and 20.5% in 2009 (P=0.398). Among these macrolide-resistant pneumococci, 28.5% possessed erm(B), 24.3% erm(B)+mef(E), 41.8% mef(E), and 5.3% mef(A). A mef gene as the sole resistance determinant was carried by 31% of macrolide-resistant isolates belonging to PCV7 serotypes and 75.8% of the non-PCV7 serotypes. Across the 4 annual surveillances, pneumococci carrying mef(A) gradually disappeared, whereas serotype 19F isolates carrying both erm(B) and mef(E) persisted without significant yearly fluctuations. Among isolates belonging to non-PCV7 serotypes, macrolide-resistance was observed in those of serotypes 6A, 19A, 10A, 15A, 15B/C, 35F, 35A, and 24F. In 2009, ie 5 years after the introduction of PCV7 in our country, 59% of macrolide-resistant pneumococci belonged to non-PCV7 serotypes. CONCLUSIONS: Across the study period, the annual frequency of macrolide-resistant isolates did not change significantly, but in 2009 a marked shift to non-PCV7 serotypes occurred. Overall, more than half of the macrolide-resistant isolates possessed erm(B) either alone or in combination with mef(E). erm(B) dominated among isolates belonging to PCV7 serotypes, but not among those of non-PCV7 serotypes.
    BMC Infectious Diseases 10/2012; 12(1):255. · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is a serious cause of morbidity and mortality in hospital environment, but also, lately, in the community. This case report is, to our knowledge, the first detailed description of a community-associated methicillin-resistant S. aureus ST80 orbital cellulitis in a previously healthy neonate. Possible predisposing factors of microbial acquisition and treatment selection are also discussed. A 28-day-old Caucasian boy was referred to our hospital with the diagnosis of right orbital cellulitis. His symptoms included right eye proptosis, periocular edema and redness. Empirical therapy of intravenous daptomycin, rifampin and ceftriaxone was initiated. The culture of pus yielded a methicillin-resistant S. aureus isolate and the molecular analysis revealed that it was a Panton-Valentine leukocidine-positive ST80 strain. The combination antimicrobial therapy was continued for 42 days and the infection was successfully controlled. Clinicians should be aware that young infants, even without any predisposing condition, are susceptible to orbital cellulitis caused by community-associated methicillin-resistant S. aureus. Prompt initiation of the appropriate empirical therapy, according to the local epidemiology, should successfully address the infection, preventing ocular and systemic complications.
    BMC Ophthalmology 04/2012; 12:7. · 1.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common cause of morbidity among children in developed countries and accounts for an incidence of 10-40 cases per 1000 children in the first 5 years of life. Given the clinical, social and economic importance of CAP, there is general agreement that prompt and adequate therapy is essential to reduce the impact of the disease. The aim of this discussion paper is to consider critically the available data concerning the treatment of uncomplicated pediatric CAP and to consider when, how and for how long it should be treated. This review has identified the various reasons that make it difficult to establish a rational approach to the treatment of pediatric CAP, including the definition of CAP, the absence of a pediatric CAP severity score, the difficulty of identifying the etiology, limited pharmacokinetic (PK)/pharmacodynamic (PD) studies, the high resistance of the most frequent respiratory pathogens to the most widely used anti-infectious agents and the lack of information concerning the changes in CAP epidemiology following the introduction of new vaccines against respiratory pathogens. More research is clearly required in various areas, such as the etiology of CAP and the reasons for its complications, the better definition of first- and second-line antibiotic therapies (including the doses and duration of parenteral and oral antibiotic treatment), the role of antiviral treatment and on how to follow-up patients with CAP. Finally, further efforts are needed to increase vaccination coverage against respiratory pathogens and to conduct prospective studies of their impact.
    The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 03/2012; 31(6):e78-85. · 3.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We studied the attitudes with regard to occupational vaccines and vaccination coverage among healthcare workers in pediatric departments. Completed vaccination rates were 33%, 33%, 41.7%, 3%, 5.8%, 69.2% and 36.3% against measles, mumps, rubella, varicella, hepatitis A, hepatitis B and tetanus-diphtheria, respectively. Susceptibility rates were 14.2%, 15.7%, 14.6%, 7.6%, 87.4%, 22.6% and 61.8% for measles, mumps, rubella, varicella, hepatitis A, hepatitis B and tetanus-diphtheria, respectively. Mandatory vaccinations were supported by 70.6% of healthcare workers, with considerable differences by target disease.
    The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 02/2012; 31(6):623-5. · 3.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background. Upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) are common in children. The cause of URTIs is usually viral, but parents' attitudes often contribute to inappropriate prescription of antibiotics, promoting antibiotic resistance. The objective of this study was to identify possible risk factors associated with antibiotic misuse in Greece, a country with high levels of antibiotic use and antibiotic resistance. Methods. A knowledge-attitude-practice (KAP) questionnaire was developed and distributed to Greek parents caring for children who were 5-6 years old, between January and July of the same school year. Results. The sample of the study contained 5312 parents from all geographic areas of Greece. The risk factors of being a father, having low education, having immigrant status, being a single parent, having low income, having <2 or >3 children, living in the islands, and being without experience in recurrent URTIs were significantly associated to inadequate knowledge, inappropriate attitudes, and wrong practices. Conclusions. This study has identified the main groups of parents that should be targeted in future intervention programs.
    ISRN pediatrics. 01/2012; 2012:685302.
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    ABSTRACT: In order to study whether the use of the heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) led to a shift in the Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes distribution and whether it modified the resistance to antibiotics, 2649 nasopharyngeal samples were obtained between 2005 and 2009, from children attending day-care centers in Central Greece. The percentage of attendees vaccinated with ≥1 dose of PCV7 increased from 12.9% (2005) to 95.5% (2009). Non-PCV7 serotypes replaced those belonging to PCV7. In 2009, 19F was virtually the only PCV7 serotype that continued to circulate. A significant increase in the frequency of penicillin-intermediate (oral penicillin V breakpoints) isolates coincided with a marked reduction in isolates with high resistance to penicillin. Several non-PCV7 serotypes colonized the children, but their frequency varied substantially from year to year. Each one of 14 specific non-PCV7 serotypes, i.e. 6A, 11A, 15B, 23A, 10A, 16F, 38, 22F, 15C, 19A, 35F, 24F, 6C, and 7F, accounted for ≥2% of pneumococcal isolates in at least 2 annual surveillances. An increase in non-PCV7 serotypes with antibiotic resistance, beyond 6A and 19A, occurred. Intermediate resistance to penicillin was observed in serotype 23B, 15B, 15C, 15A, 35F, 6C, and 24F pneumococci. Their exact role in invasive and non-invasive disease remains to be seen in the years ahead.
    Vaccine 09/2011; 29(48):8882-7. · 3.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) are common in children and represent a significant cause of antibiotic abuse which contributes to the development of antibiotic resistance. A survey was conducted in Cyprus in 2006 to assess parents' and pediatricians' Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) concerning the role of antibiotics in children with URTIs. A school-based stratified geographic clustering sampling was used and a pre-tested KAP questionnaire was distributed. A different questionnaire was distributed to paediatricians. Demographic factors associated with antibiotic misuse were identified by backward logistic regression analysis. The parental overall response rate was 69.3%. Parents (N = 1,462) follow pediatricians advice and rarely administer antibiotics acquired over the counter. Although a third expects an antibiotic prescription for URTI symptoms, most deny pressuring their doctors. Low parental education was the most important independent risk factor positively related to antibiotic misuse (OR = 2.88, 95%CI 2.02 to 4.12, p < 0.001). Pediatricians (N = 33) denied prescribing antibiotics after parental pressure but admit that parents ask for antibiotics and believe they expect antibiotic prescriptions even when not needed. In conclusion, Cypriotic parents trust their primary care providers. Although it appears that antibiotic misuse is not driven by parental pressure, the pediatricians' view differs.
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 08/2011; 8(8):3246-62. · 2.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) are common in children. The cause of URTIs is usually viral, but parents' attitudes often contribute to inappropriate prescription of antibiotics, promoting antibiotic resistance. The objective of this study was to document and analyse parental beliefs on antibiotic use for children with URTIs in Greece, a country with high levels of antibiotic use and antibiotic resistance. A knowledge-attitude-practice questionnaire was developed and distributed to Greek parents caring for children who were 5-6 years old, between January and July of the same school year. The sample of the study contained parents from all geographic areas of Greece. The majority of Greek parents (80%) believed that UTRIs are mostly self-limited, although 74% of them expected to receive antibiotics when such a diagnosis was given. Earache was the most common reason for which parents expected antibiotics (45%). Greek parents rarely gave antibiotics to their children without medical advice (10%) and most (88%) believed that unnecessary antibiotic use drives antibiotic resistance and they were happy to receive symptomatic therapy if instructed by their physician. Almost 70% of parents confused antibiotics with other medicines used for symptomatic therapy for a child with URTI. Greek parents have a trusted relationship with their paediatrician and rarely give antibiotics without medical advice, indicating that parents contribute less than expected to antibiotic misuse. Parents also appreciate the benign course of most URTIs and the fact that unnecessary antibiotic use is harmful. More time needs to be invested in educating mostly physicians on the potential benefit from reducing antibiotic prescribing for children with URTI.
    BMC Pediatrics 01/2011; 11:60. · 1.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Rotavirus is the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis among young children worldwide. A prospective multi-center study was conducted (2007-2008) in five Pediatric Hospitals to determine the prevalence, the clinical characteristics, and genotype distribution of rotavirus infection in Greece. Faecal samples were examined for the presence of group A rotavirus antigen by immunochromatography. Rotavirus strains were subjected to G and P genotyping by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing. A total of 393 children (216 boys) of median age 23 months, participated in the study. Rotavirus was the cause of acute gastroenteritis in 166 children, 42.3% (CI 95%, 37.4-47.1%) of non-hospitalized and 47.8% (CI 95%, 41.7-53.9%) of hospitalized patients. Rotavirus gastroenteritis occurred between December and April in 78.6% of the cases. Most children with RVG (77.8%) were between 3 months and 3 years old. The mean value of Clark severity score was 12.9 ± 5.1 for RVG and 10.5 ± 4.9 for non-RVG (P < 0.01). Genotypes were determined in 117 strains and their distribution was as following: G1P[8], 49%; G2P[4], 31%; G4P[8], 10%; G9P[8], 9%; and G8P[14], 1%. In conclusion, rotavirus is a frequent cause of acute gastroenteritis in Greece. The genotypes circulating are similar with those of other European countries.
    Journal of Medical Virology 01/2011; 83(1):165-9. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the potential benefits of introducing universal rotavirus (RV) vaccination in Greece. A decision analytic model was developed to compare the burden and cost of rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE) with and without a universal RV vaccination (88% vaccination coverage) for a cohort of children followed from birth until the age of five. Universal RV vaccination would substantially decrease the RVGE burden on the National Health System by reducing RVGE-related hospitalizations/emergency visits and medical consultations by 83% and 75%, respectively. Total RVGE-related costs was estimated at about 7.6 M€ and would be reduced by 5.9 M€ (-78%) if RV vaccination was introduced. A rapid effect is expected with 76% of cases and 84% of costs avoided would be averted within 2 years postvaccine introduction. The societal benefit would also be significant: total annual number of RVGE cases and parent's lost work days would be reduced by 67% and 78%, respectively. Including indirect costs, the total disease cost reduction would be 9 M€. Introduction of universal RV vaccination in Greece could offer considerable medical and economic benefits for the National Health System and society. Potential herd immunity would improve results in favour of vaccination.
    Acta Paediatrica 01/2011; 100(5):732-9. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In Greece, fusidic acid and clindamycin are commonly used for the empiric therapy of suspected staphylococcal infections. The medical records of children examined at the outpatient clinics or admitted to the pediatric wards of the University General Hospital of Larissa, Central Greece, with community-associated staphylococcal infections from January 2003 to December 2009 were reviewed. Of 309 children (0-14 years old), 21 (6.8%) had invasive infections and 288 (93.2%) skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs). Thirty-five patients were ≤30 days of age. The proportion of staphylococcal infections caused by a community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) isolate increased from 51.5% (69 of 134) in 2003-2006 to 63.4% (111 of 175) in 2007-2009 (P = 0.037). Among the CA-MRSA isolates, 88.9% were resistant to fusidic acid, 77.6% to tetracycline, and 21.1% to clindamycin. Clindamycin resistance increased from 0% (2003) to 31.2% (2009) among the CA-MRSA isolates (P = 0.011). Over the 7-year period, an increase in multidrug-resistant CA-MRSA isolates was observed (P = 0.004). One hundred and thirty-one (93.6%) of the 140 tested MRSA isolates were Panton-Valentine leukocidin-positive. Multilocus sequence typing of 72 CA-MRSA isolates revealed that they belonged to ST80 (n = 61), ST30 (n = 6), ST377 (n = 3), ST22 (n = 1), and ST152 (n = 1). Resistance to fusidic acid was observed in ST80 (58/61), ST30 (1/6), and ST22 (1/1) isolates. In areas with high rate of infections caused by multidrug-resistant CA-MRSA isolates, predominantly belonging to the European ST80 clone, fusidic acid and clindamycin should be used cautiously as empiric therapy in patients with suspected severe staphylococcal infections.
    BMC Infectious Diseases 01/2010; 10:351. · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to assess the complex interaction of the heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) and individual classes of antimicrobial agents on the nasopharyngeal carriage of erythromycin-resistant pneumococci within the day-care center population. Between February 2005 and May 2007, nasopharyngeal cultures for Streptococcus pneumoniae were obtained from 1,829 day-care center attendees in Central Greece. Thirty-one percent of the pneumococci were erythromycin-resistant; 85.2% of these isolates were also penicillin-nonsusceptible. PCV7 immunization was associated with decreased carriage of erythromycin-resistant PCV7 serotypes but not with an overall decrease in erythromycin-resistant S. pneumoniae colonization. The largest decline in the carriage of erythromycin-resistant pneumococci, particularly of PCV7 serotypes, was observed among vaccinated attendees who had not been exposed to antimicrobials within the preceding 3 months. Exposure to macrolides, 90% clarithromycin, significantly correlated with erythromycin resistance (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 2.08, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.38-3.12). There was a trend toward an association between the use of oral cephalosporins, other than cefprozil and cefaclor, and colonization with erythromycin-resistant pneumococci (AOR = 1.91, 95% CI = 0.92-3.96). Penicillins had a nonsignificant correlation with the carriage of erythromycin-resistant pneumococci (AOR = 1.17, 95% CI = 0.80-1.71). Despite the widespread PCV7 immunization, the antibiotic pressure, particularly of macrolides, continues to cause dissemination of erythromycin-resistant, commonly multidrug-resistant, pneumococci within the day-care center population.
    European Journal of Clinical Microbiology 11/2009; 29(1):97-105. · 3.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Immature gut motility in very low birth weight infants causes feeding intolerance. We evaluated the effect of domperidone, a prokinetic agent, on gastric emptying in very low birth weight infants. The study was conducted in a crossover design. Gastric emptying was assessed ultrasonographically by measuring the time it took the antral cross sectional area of the stomach to reach half of the value of the 1st measurement on 2 occasions: (1) upon administration of domperidone (0.3 mg/kg/8 h p.o.) for at least 2 days and (2) while patients received an equal quantity of sterile water. 11 infants were randomly assigned to receive domperidone before the 1st measurement and the remaining afterwards. There was a 3-5 day interval between the 2 measurements. At the time when both measurements were performed, every neonate had been receiving the same quantity and quality of milk. 12 infants were formula-fed while 10 were fed their own mother's supplemented milk. 22 infants with a mean (SD) birth weight of 1,377 g (319) and a mean (SD) gestational age of 30.2 weeks (2.1) were studied. The mean (SD) antral cross sectional area half-value time (in minutes) was 47.6 (23.9) in the domperidone group and 68.2 (25.5) in the control group (p = 0.008). There was no significant difference between formula-fed neonates and neonates fed their own mother's milk in either group. Domperidone significantly reduces gastric emptying in preterm neonates, and this may account for its effect in cases of disturbances related to gut motility.
    Neonatology 08/2009; 97(1):56-60. · 2.57 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
324.83 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005–2014
    • University of Thessaly
      • • Παιδιατρική Κλινική
      • • Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας
      • • Department of Ophthalmology
      • • Laboratory of Hygiene and Epidemiology
      • • School of Medicine
      Iolcus, Thessaly, Greece
  • 2006–2011
    • General University Hospital of Larissa
      Lárissa, Thessaly, Greece
    • University Hospital RWTH Aachen
      Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2009
    • General Hospital of Nikaia, Piraeus "Agios Panteleimon ''
      Le Pirée, Attica, Greece
  • 1990–2005
    • University of Patras
      • • Department of Paediatrics
      • • Division of Paediatrics and Obstetrics – Gynaecology
      • • School of Medicine
      Rhion, West Greece, Greece
  • 2004
    • University of Glasgow
      Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom
  • 2003
    • Penn State Hershey Medical Center and Penn State College of Medicine
      • Department of Pathology
      Hershey, PA, United States
  • 1997–2002
    • Πανεπιστημιακό Γενικό Νοσοκομείο Πατρών
      Pátra, West Greece, Greece
  • 1988
    • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
      • Medical School
      Dallas, TX, United States
  • 1987–1988
    • Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center
      • Department of Pediatrics
      Lubbock, TX, United States