Kimiko Yurugi

Kyōto Medical Center, Kioto, Kyōto, Japan

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Publications (25)84.21 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Many pediatric patients who receive a living-donor liver transplant undergo withdrawal of immunosuppression (IS). For them, the high incidence of long-term progressive graft fibrosis is of particular concern.
    Transplantation 06/2014; · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In clinical settings, serum antibody levels serve as markers of pathology. For example, antibodies related to autoimmune diseases are among the conventional targets in laboratory tests. Simple clinical tests can improve the efficacy of laboratory practice. This study describes a single-step, wash-free technique for optically detecting antibodies in human serum through the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) of gold nanoparticles. As a proof-of-concept experiment, the amount of antibiotin dissolved in human serum was measured with a LSPR-based biosensor in a wash-free manner using a conventional 96-well microtiter plate and a plate reader. For an efficient surface modification of biosensors, zwitterionic copolymer was used as a scaffold on the gold nanoparticle surface to immobilize antigen and blocking reagent. Single-step, wash-free measurement of antibiotin in human serum was successfully achieved. In addition, nonspecific responses from serum contents were significantly reduced because both the copolymer and hydrophilic antigen reagent that we employed were composed of poly(ethylene oxide) spacer. Comparative experiments of the antigen-antibody reaction in serum to that in buffered solution revealed that serum is a favorable environment for the biological reaction. In conclusion, our gold-nanoparticle-based LSPR method may provide a rapid and simple way to measure the amount of antibody in serum quantitatively in clinical practice.
    Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 04/2014; · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) is difficult to diagnose after ABO-compatible or ABO-identical (ABO-C) liver transplantation. To determine whether complement component 4d (C4d) immunostaining would be useful for diagnosing AMR, we compared the results of C4d immunohistochemistry for allograft biopsy samples with assays for anti-donor antibodies performed at the time of biopsy. One hundred fourteen patients with ABO-C grafts and 29 patients with ABO-incompatible (ABO-I) grafts were included. Linear C4d endothelial staining (identifiable with a 4× objective lens) or staining seen in 50% or more of the portal tracts was considered positive. Five of the 114 patients (4%) with ABO-C grafts and 15 of the 29 patients (52%) with ABO-I grafts showed C4d positivity. In the ABO-C cases, C4d positivity in late biopsy samples (≥30 days after transplantation) was associated with stage 2 or higher fibrosis (METAVIR score; P = 0.01) and with the presence of donor-specific anti-human leukocyte antigen DR antibodies (HLA-DR DSAs) with a mean fluorescence intensity > 5000 according to the Luminex single-antigen bead assay (P = 0.04). Conversely, the presence of HLA-DR DSAs was associated with the presence of stage 2 or higher fibrosis, acute cellular rejection, and C4d positivity. During the 2-year follow-up, neither C4d positivity nor HLA-DR DSAs were related to graft loss. Among ABO-I patients, C4d positivity was not associated with allograft dysfunction or fibrosis. Only 3 of the 15 C4d-positive patients (20%) showed periportal hemorrhagic edema, which could be a histological sign of AMR in ABO-I grafts, and they were the only cases associated with elevations in anti-donor A/B antibody titers. In conclusion, C4d endothelial positivity among ABO-C patients is an uncommon event that could be associated with chronic graft damage with or without clinical AMR. C4d positivity is common among ABO-I patients and may not be associated with allograft dysfunction if alloantibody titers are not elevated. Liver Transpl 20:200-209, 2014. © 2013 AASLD.
    Liver Transplantation 02/2014; 20(2):200-9. · 3.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Methotrexate-associated lymphoproliferative disorders (MTX-LPD) often regress spontaneously during MTX withdrawal, but the prognostic factors remain unclear. The aim of our study was to clarify the clinical, histological, and genetic factors that predict outcomes in patients with MTX-LPD. Patients with MTX-LPD diagnosed between 2000 and 2012 were analyzed retrospectively regarding their clinical course, site of biopsy, histological typing, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in situ hybridization and immunostaining, and HLA type. Twenty-one patients, including 20 with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and 1 with polymyositis, were analyzed. The mean dose of MTX was 6.1 mg/week and the mean duration of treatment was 71.1 months. Clinically, 5 patients were diagnosed with EBV-positive mucocutaneous ulcer (EBVMCU) and had polymorphic histological findings. The proportion of those patients successfully treated solely by withdrawal of MTX was significantly greater than that of those without EBVMCU (75% vs 7.7%, p = 0.015). The HLA-B15:11 haplotype was more frequent in patients with EBV+ RA with MTX-LPD than in healthy Japanese controls (p = 0.0079, Bonferroni's method). EBV latency classification and HLA typing were not associated with the prognosis of MTX-LPD in our cohort. Our data demonstrate that patients in the EBVMCU, a specific clinical subgroup of MTX-LPD, had a better clinical outcome when MTX was withdrawn than did other patients with MTX-LPD.
    The Journal of Rheumatology 12/2013; · 3.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Living-donor lobar lung transplantation (LDLLT) is an established therapy for patients with end-stage lung disease, but living-donor lobar lung retransplantation (re-LDLLT) is rarely reported. We previously reported a case of unilateral antibody-mediated rejection after LDLLT in the presence of newly formed donor-specific antibodies against a right-lobe donor. The same patient developed contralateral bronchiolitis obliterans, resulting in bilateral bronchiolitis obliterans, but re-LDLLT was successful. Pathological findings of the explanted lungs were consistent with the clinical course of the patient. One year after re-LDLLT, the patient is doing well without any anti-human leukocyte antigen antibodies. Four lobes from 4 different donors were transplanted in this patient. The first 2 lobes were rejected eventually, but the 2 lobes implanted later presented no signs of rejection at least for 1 year after the transplant. Herein, we report this rare case and compare the clinical course and pathological findings. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Transplant International 10/2013; · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective. Takayasu arteritis (TAK) is a rare autoimmune arteritis that affects large arteries. Although the association between TAK and HLA-B*52:01 is established, the other susceptibility HLA-B alleles are not fully known. We performed genetic association studies to determine independent HLA-B susceptibility alleles other than HLA-B*52:01 and to identify important amino acids of HLA-B protein in TAK susceptibility.Methods. One hundred patients with TAK and 1000 unrelated healthy controls were genotyped for HLA-B alleles in the first set, followed by a replication set containing 73 patients with TAK and 1000 controls to compare the frequencies of HLA-B alleles. Step-up logistic regression analysis was performed to identify susceptibility amino acids of HLA-B protein.Results. Strong associations of susceptibility to TAK with HLA-B*52:01 and HLA-B*67:01 were observed (P = 1.0 × 10(-16) and 9.5 × 10(-6), respectively). An independent susceptibility effect of HLA-B*67:01 from HLA-B*52:01 was also detected (P = 1.8 × 10(-7)). Amino acid residues of histidine at position 171 and phenylalanine at position 67, both of which are located in antigen binding grooves of the HLA-B protein, were associated with TAK susceptibility (P ≤ 3.8 × 10(-5)) with a significant difference from other amino acid variations (ΔAIC ≥ 9.65).Conclusion. HLA-B*67:01 is associated with TAK independently from HLA-B*52:01. Two amino acids in HLA-B protein are strongly associated with TAK susceptibility.
    Rheumatology (Oxford, England) 07/2013; · 4.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Takayasu arteritis (TAK) is an autoimmune systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology. Although previous studies have revealed that HLA-B(∗)52:01 has an effect on TAK susceptibility, no other genetic determinants have been established so far. Here, we performed genome scanning of 167 TAK cases and 663 healthy controls via Illumina Infinium Human Exome BeadChip arrays, followed by a replication study consisting of 212 TAK cases and 1,322 controls. As a result, we found that the IL12B region on chromosome 5 (rs6871626, overall p = 1.7 × 10(-13), OR = 1.75, 95% CI 1.42-2.16) and the MLX region on chromosome 17 (rs665268, overall p = 5.2 × 10(-7), OR = 1.50, 95% CI 1.28-1.76) as well as the HLA-B region (rs9263739, a proxy of HLA-B(∗)52:01, overall p = 2.8 × 10(-21), OR = 2.44, 95% CI 2.03-2.93) exhibited significant associations. A significant synergistic effect of rs6871626 and rs9263739 was found with a relative excess risk of 3.45, attributable proportion of 0.58, and synergy index of 3.24 (p ≤ 0.00028) in addition to a suggestive synergistic effect between rs665268 and rs926379 (p ≤ 0.027). We also found that rs6871626 showed a significant association with clinical manifestations of TAK, including increased risk and severity of aortic regurgitation, a representative severe complication of TAK. Detection of these susceptibility loci will provide new insights to the basic mechanisms of TAK pathogenesis. Our findings indicate that IL12B plays a fundamental role on the pathophysiology of TAK in combination with HLA-B(∗)52:01 and that common autoimmune mechanisms underlie the pathology of TAK and other autoimmune disorders such as psoriasis and inflammatory bowel diseases in which IL12B is involved as a genetic predisposing factor.
    The American Journal of Human Genetics 07/2013; · 11.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim. To analyze the risks of preoperatively produced donor-specific antibody (DSA) in liver transplantation. Methods. DSA was assessed using direct complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) and anti-human globulin- (AHG-) CDC tests, as well as the Luminex Single Antigen assay. Among 616 patients undergoing blood type identical or compatible living donor liver transplantation (LDLT), 21 patients were positive for CDC or AHG-CDC tests, and the preserved serum from 18 patients was examined to determine targeted Class I and II antigens. The relationships between the mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of DSA and the clinical outcomes were analyzed. Results. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the MFI of anti-Class I DSA: high (11 patients with MFI > 10,000), low (2 patients with MFI < 10,000), and negative (5 patients) MFI groups. Six of 11 patients with high Class-I DSA showed positive Class-II DSA. Hospital death occurred in 7 patients of the high MFI group. High MFI was a significant risk factor for mortality (P = 0.0155). Univariate analysis showed a significant correlation between MFI strength and C4d deposition (P = 0.0498). Conclusions. HLA Class I DSA with MFI > 10,000 had a significant negative effect on the clinical outcome of patients with preformed DSA in LDLT.
    Clinical and Developmental Immunology 01/2013; 2013:972705. · 3.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Living-donor lobar lung transplantation (LDLLT) has been successfully performed in Japan. In LDLLT, the recipient usually receives one lower lobe from each of two donors; however, finding two ABO-matched donors is often difficult. Solid organ transplants from donors with minor ABO-mismatches can be complicated by hemolysis. We investigated the incidence of de novo anti-ABO antibody production and hemolysis in patients receiving LDLLT across minor ABO-mismatches. METHODS: We evaluated 23 patients who underwent LDLLT between June 2008 and December 2011, including 11 patients who underwent minor ABO-mismatched transplantation. We measured the anti-A/B antibody serum titers, hemoglobin concentrations and indirect bilirubin levels. RESULTS: None of the patients showed any clinical signs of hemolytic anemia (mean follow-up period; 16 months). Two of the 11 patients (18 %) receiving minor ABO-mismatched LDLLTs showed a small amount of de novo anti-B antibodies for a transient period. These patients showed gradual progression of anemia, and weak de novo anti-A/B antibodies were detected with column agglutination technology. The patients received only 2 U of washed type O red blood cells; thereafter, the hemolytic anemia did not develop further in either case. CONCLUSION: LDLLT across minor ABO-mismatches results in the transient appearance of weak de novo anti-A/B antibodies with a low incidence; thus, this procedure can be a safe treatment.
    Surgery Today 11/2012; · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The role of donor‐specific anti‐human leukocyte antigen antibodies (DSAs) that develop late after living donor liver transplantation is unknown. Seventy‐nine pediatric recipients who had good graft function and underwent protocol liver biopsy more than 5 years after transplantation (median = 11 years, range = 5‐20 years) were reviewed. DSAs were determined with the Luminex single‐antigen bead assay at the time of the last biopsy, and complement component 4d (C4d) immunostaining was assessed at the times of the last biopsy and the previous biopsy. The donor specificity of antibodies could be identified in 67 patients: DSAs were detected in 32 patients (48%), and they were usually against human leukocyte antigen class II (30 cases) but were rarely against class I (2 cases). These patients had a higher frequency of bridging fibrosis or cirrhosis (28/32 or 88%) than DSA‐negative patients (6/35 or 17%, P P P = 0.004]. Four DSA‐negative patients were off immunosuppression, whereas no patients in the DSA‐positive group were (P = 0.048). In conclusion, the high prevalence of graft fibrosis and anti–class II DSAs in late protocol biopsy samples suggests that humoral alloreactivity may contribute to the process of unexplained graft fibrosis late after liver transplantation. Liver Transpl 18:1333–1342, 2012. © 2012 AASLD.
    Liver Transplantation 11/2012; 18(11). · 3.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) of a unilateral donor lung in the presence of newly formed donor-specific antibodies, 10 months after living-donor lobar lung transplantation (LDLLT). Of note is that the AMR occurred in the unilateral lung. Furthermore, the lung graft was from her husband and HLA analysis on the recipient's daughter revealed the same donor-specific HLA antigens, which strongly suggested pre-sensitization before lung transplantation. Fortunately, we could perform direct crossmatch even 1 year after lung transplantation because of the living donors.
    Surgery Today 02/2012; 42(8):808-11. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: HLA-DRB1, especially the shared epitope (SE), is strongly associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, recent studies have shown that SE is at most weakly associated with RA without anti-citrullinated peptide/protein antibody (ACPA). We have recently reported that ACPA-negative RA is associated with specific HLA-DRB1 alleles and diplotypes. Here, we attempted to detect genetically different subsets of ACPA-negative RA by classifying ACPA-negative RA patients into two groups based on their positivity for rheumatoid factor (RF). HLA-DRB1 genotyping data for totally 954 ACPA-negative RA patients and 2,008 healthy individuals in two independent sets were used. HLA-DRB1 allele and diplotype frequencies were compared among the ACPA-negative RF-positive RA patients, ACPA-negative RF-negative RA patients, and controls in each set. Combined results were also analyzed. A similar analysis was performed in 685 ACPA-positive RA patients classified according to their RF positivity. As a result, HLA-DRB1*04:05 and *09:01 showed strong associations with ACPA-negative RF-positive RA in the combined analysis (p = 8.8×10(-6) and 0.0011, OR: 1.57 (1.28-1.91) and 1.37 (1.13-1.65), respectively). We also found that HLA-DR14 and the HLA-DR8 homozygote were associated with ACPA-negative RF-negative RA (p = 0.00022 and 0.00013, OR: 1.52 (1.21-1.89) and 3.08 (1.68-5.64), respectively). These association tendencies were found in each set. On the contrary, we could not detect any significant differences between ACPA-positive RA subsets. As a conclusion, ACPA-negative RA includes two genetically distinct subsets according to RF positivity in Japan, which display different associations with HLA-DRB1. ACPA-negative RF-positive RA is strongly associated with HLA-DRB1*04:05 and *09:01. ACPA-negative RF-negative RA is associated with DR14 and the HLA-DR8 homozygote.
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(7):e40067. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) in liver transplantion, because TMA is an infrequent but life-threatening complication in the transplantation field. A total of 206 patients who underwent living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) were evaluated, and the TMA-like disorder (TMALD) occurred in seven recipients. These TMALD recipients showed poor outcomes in comparison with other 199 recipients. Although two TMALD recipients successfully recovered, the other five recipients finally died despite intensive treatments including repeated plasma exchange (PE) and re-transplantation. Histopathological analysis of liver biopsies after LDLT revealed obvious differences according to the outcomes. Qualitative analysis of antibodies against a disintegrin-like domain and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type 1 motifs (ADAMTS-13) were negative in all patients. The fragmentation of red cells, the microhemorrhagic macules and the platelet counts were early markers for the suspicion of TMALD after LDLT. Although the absolute values of von Willebrand factor (vWF) and ADAMTS-13 did not necessarily reflect TMALD, the vWF/ADAMTS-13 ratio had a clear diagnostic value in all cases. The establishment of adequate treatments for TMALD, such as PE for ADAMTS-13 replenishment or treatments against inhibitory antibodies, must be decided according to each case. The optimal induction of adequate therapies based on early recognition of TMALD by the reliable markers may confer a large advantage for TMALD after LDLT.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 04/2011; 17(14):1848-57. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The amount of antibody in blood is an important measure of health status for making critical decisions in clinical practice. Here, we demonstrated a single-step, label-free, molecular diagnostic method based on localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) using standard 96-well microtiter plates. We improved the LSPR biosensor so that it can measure antibodies to blood group antigens in human serum with a single-step operation. First, we employed the ampholytic polymeric surface modification technique to present an efficient molecular scaffold on the sensor surface. Second, we selected the combination of an appropriate reference molecule against the antigen and a blocking agent to significantly reduce the variability of signal due to nonspecific responses of the unknown in the sample. Finally, we overcame the analytical difficulty arising from serum and achieved a single-step "wash-free" measurement of the amount of target antibody in human serum. FROM THE CLINICAL EDITOR: In this paper, a novel, single-step, label-free, molecular diagnostic method is discussed for antibody detection based on localized surface plasmon resonance using standard 96-well microtiter plates.
    Nanomedicine: nanotechnology, biology, and medicine 02/2011; 7(6):889-95. · 6.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ABO-incompatible living-donor lobar lung transplantation was performed in a 10-year-old boy with bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) for recurrent acute myeloid leukemia (AML). His blood type had changed from AB to O since he underwent BMT and he had no anti-A/B antibody, and received type B and AB donor lobar lungs. To our knowledge, this case represents the first successful living-donor lobar lung transplantation from ABO-incompatible donors.
    The Journal of heart and lung transplantation: the official publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation 12/2010; 30(4):479-80. · 3.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is still no consensus on the importance of lymphocyte cross-matching (LCM) in the field of living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT). LCM examinations are routinely performed before LDLT, and the results of complement-dependent cytotoxicity were used in this study. A total of 1157 LDLT cases were evaluated. The recipients were divided into four groups based on the LCM and ABO compatibilities: (1) negative LCM and identical/compatible ABO; (2) negative LCM and incompatible ABO; (3) positive LCM and identical/compatible ABO; and (4) positive LCM and incompatible ABO. The diagnosis of antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) was made based on the clinical course, immunological assays and histopathological findings. C4d immunostaining was added if AMR was suspected. The LCM-positive LDLT recipients showed significantly poorer outcomes than the LCM-negative recipients. Among the LCM-positive recipients, 44.1% of recipients eventually died and 85.2% of recipients revealed positive C4d findings. The survival rate of LCM-positive and ABO-incompatible group was 0.50. The survival days were compared with the LCM-negative and ABO-identical/compatible group, and the LCM-positive and ABO-identical/compatible group clearly showed early death after LDLT, although the ABO-incompatible groups did not show significant. The factors of age, disease, pre-transplant scores, LCM, ABO compatibility and graft-recipient weight ratio showed statistical significance in multivariate analysis for important factors of LDLT outcomes. However, the LCM and ABO compatibilities had no synergetic effects on the LDLT survival. HLA antigens are more widely expressed than ABO antigens, and advanced immunological strategies must be established for LCM-positive LDLT as well as for ABO-incompatible LDLT.
    Surgery 06/2010; 147(6):840-4. · 3.37 Impact Factor
  • Transplantation 01/2010; 90. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: High anti-blood group A or B (anti-A/B) immunoglobulin G (IgG) haemagglutination titres are associated with poor graft survival in ABO-unmatched liver transplantation. We have previously reported that the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) method can be used to measure anti-A/B IgG levels in the plasma very quickly and quantitatively. The aim of this study was to brush up this SPR method. The anti-A/B IgG antibodies (Abs) were purified from the plasma of healthy volunteers by affinity chromatography and used to establish standard curves for the SPR and flow cytometry (FCM) methods. The haemagglutination test tube (TT), FCM and SPR methods were then used to measure the changes over time in the anti-A/B IgG titres of 25 ABO-unmatched living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) recipients. The standard curve permitted the SPR values for the anti-A/B IgG titres to be expressed in microg mL(-1) units. The SPR measurements of the anti-A/B IgG levels in the LDLT recipients correlated very well with the FCM values, whereas the TT values correlated poorly with either method. Furthermore, the SPR method accurately detected the effects of plasma exchange. In conclusion, the SPR method is an accurate, time- and labour-saving method for measuring anti-A/B IgG titres that can be easily standardized.
    Transfusion Medicine 05/2007; 17(2):97-106. · 1.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although the effectiveness of rituximab has been reported in ABO blood group (ABO)-incompatible (ABO-I) organ transplantation, the protocol is not yet established. We studied the impact of the timing of rituximab prophylaxis and the humoral immune response of patients undergoing ABO-I living donor liver transplantation (LDLT), focusing on clinicopathological findings and the B-cell subset. From July 2003 to December 2005, 30 adult patients were treated with hepatic artery infusion (HAI) protocol without splenectomy for ABO-I LDLT. A total of 17 patients were treated only with HAI (no prophylaxis), and the other 13 were treated with rituximab prophylaxis at various times prior to transplantation. For B-cell study of the spleen, another 4 patients undergoing ABO-I LDLT both with HAI after prophylaxis and eventual splenectomy, and 3 patients with ABO-compatible LDLT with splenectomy were enrolled. The mortality of the 30 patients with HAI, without splenectomy, and with/without rituximab prophylaxis was 33% and the main cause of death was sepsis. Peripheral blood B cells were completely depleted, anti-donor blood-type antibody titer was lower, and clinical and pathological antibody-mediated rejection was not observed in patients with prophylaxis earlier than 7 days before transplantation (early prophylaxis). Early rituximab prophylaxis significantly depleted B cells and memory B cells in the spleen but not in lymph nodes. On the other hand, B cells and memory B cells increased and memory B cells became dominant during antibody-mediated rejection. In conclusion, early prophylaxis with rituximab depletes B cells, including memory B cells, in the spleen and is associated with a trend toward lower humoral rejection rates and lower peak immunoglobulin (Ig)G titers in ABO-I LDLT patients.
    Liver Transplantation 04/2007; 13(4):579-88. · 3.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We retrospectively determined the correlation of results of lymphocyte crossmatch tests by direct complement-dependent cytotoxicity, to the outcomes of 585 consecutive ABO-identical and human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-mismatched living donor liver transplants (LDLTs) (male:female=276:309; median age, 18 years). Crossmatch test results were positive in 14 recipients (2.4%). Patient survival at eight years in the crossmatch-positive group was significantly lower than in the crossmatch-negative group (positive group, 56.3%; negative group, 77.6%; P=0.014). The survival at five years of the crossmatch-positive group was significantly lower than the negative group in both older recipients (>or=18 years of age: positive group, 41.7%; negative group, 76.4%; P=0.0065), and female recipients (positive group, 37.5%; negative group, 81.9%; P=3.3x10). We conclude that antidonor antibodies have adverse effects on the clinical outcome of LDLTs, and that being female and/or older aged (>or=18 years of age) are risk factors for LDLT.
    Transplantation 02/2007; 83(4):506-9. · 3.78 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

168 Citations
84.21 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012
    • Kyōto Medical Center
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan
  • 2005–2012
    • Kyoto University
      • • Department of Thoracic Surgery
      • • Department of Transfusion Medicine and Cell Therapy
      Kyoto, Kyoto-fu, Japan
    • Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan