[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between MRI inflammation and measures of clinical disease activity as well as treatment responses in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) treated with a tumour necrosis factor inhibitor. METHODS: MRI at baseline (n=221), 24 (n=158) and 102 weeks (n=179) were scored for inflammation/activity (MRIa, Berlin scoring system). Treatment responses according to the AS disease activity score (ASDAS), Bath AS disease activity index (BASDAI) and assessment of spondyloarthritis 20 (ASAS20) criteria were calculated. For each treatment response criterion, subgroups of responders and non-responders changes in MRIa scores were compared. RESULTS: Higher baseline ASDAS and C-reactive protein (CRP) values were associated with higher baseline MRIa scores and with greater decreases in MRIa scores at follow-up. ASDAS and CRP improvements correlated with MRIa improvement. Stronger correlations were observed for CRP. Differences in MRIa change scores between responders and non-responders were greater when subgroups were defined according to ASDAS response than according to BASDAI or ASAS20 response. CONCLUSIONS: MRIa correlates better with CRP than with other measures of disease activity. By including both CRP and patient-reported outcomes in its formula, ASDAS has the advantage of providing combined information on objective and subjective measures. As a status and response measure ASDAS better reflects the spinal inflammatory disease process in AS than other composite measures.
Annals of the rheumatic diseases 08/2012; · 8.11 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the efficacy of intravenous golimumab 2 mg/kg+methotrexate (MTX) in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) receiving MTX. METHODS: Patients (n=592) with active disease (≥6/66 swollen, ≥6/68 tender joints, C-reactive protein ≥1.0 mg/dl, rheumatoid factor positive and/or anticyclic citrullinated protein antibody positive at screening) despite MTX (15-25 mg/week) participated in this double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 study. Patients were randomised (2:1) to receive intravenous golimumab 2 mg/kg, or placebo infusions at weeks 0 and 4 and every (q) 8 weeks; patients continued MTX. Placebo patients with <10% improvement in combined swollen/tender joint counts at week 16 could early escape to intravenous golimumab 2 mg/kg. The primary endpoint was week 14 American College of Rheumatology 20% (ACR20) response. Analyses employed non-responder imputation and last-observation-carried-forward. RESULTS: At week 14, significantly (p<0.001) larger proportions of golimumab+MTX than placebo+MTX patients achieved ACR20 response (59% vs 25%, respectively), a disease activity score of good/moderate (EULAR) response (81% vs 40%), and greater median improvement in health assessment questionnaire scores (0.500 vs 0.125). Improvements versus placebo+MTX were observed by week 2. Similar proportions of patients receiving golimumab+MTX and placebo+MTX, respectively, reported adverse events through week 16 (47% and 44%) and week 24 (53% and 49%). Serious adverse events were reported by more golimumab+MTX (4.1%) than placebo+MTX (2%) patients at week 24. CONCLUSION: The addition of intravenous golimumab rapidly and significantly improved signs and symptoms in patients with active RA despite ongoing MTX, in some patients by week 2.
Annals of the rheumatic diseases 06/2012; · 8.11 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship between MRI inflammation at the vertebral unit and the formation and growth of syndesmophytes at the same vertebral unit.
An 80% random sample of the ASSERT database was analysed. MRI were scored using the ankylosing spondylitis (AS) spinal MRI activity score (at baseline, 24 and 102 weeks) and spinal x-rays were scored using the modified Stoke AS spine score (at baseline and 102 weeks). Data were analysed at the patient level and the vertebral unit level using a multilevel approach to adjust for within-patient correlation.
There was a slightly increased probability of developing syndesmophytes in vertebral units with MRI activity, which was maintained after adjustment for within-patient correlation (per vertebral unit level) and treatment, and after further adjustment for potential confounders, resulting in significant OR ranging from 1.51 to 2.26. Growth of existing syndesmophytes at the vertebral unit level was not associated with MRI activity. At the patient level only a trend for an association was observed.
MRI inflammation in a vertebral unit slightly increases the propensity to form a new syndesmophyte in the same vertebral unit, but does not predict the growth of already existing syndesmophytes. Despite this association, the large majority of new syndesmophytes developed in vertebral units without inflammation. The subtle association at the vertebral unit level did not translate into an association at the patient level.
Annals of the rheumatic diseases 03/2012; 71(3):369-73. · 8.11 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy/safety of subcutaneous (SC) golimumab in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who previously received intravenous (IV) golimumab with or without methotrexate (MTX).
Adult patients with RA (n = 643) with persistent disease despite MTX (≥ 15 mg/wk for ≥ 3 months) were randomized to IV placebo + MTX (n = 129) or IV golimumab 2-4 mg/kg (± MTX) every 12 weeks (n = 514). Patients who completed the study through Week 48 could participate in the longterm extension (LTE), comprising open-label golimumab 50 mg SC every 4 weeks (± MTX) for 24 weeks (LTE-0 to LTE-24) followed by 16 weeks of safety followup (LTE-24 to LTE-40; MTX could be adjusted).
At Week 48, 28% (nominal p < 0.001 vs placebo), 11%, and 8% of patients who received IV golimumab + MTX, golimumab alone, and placebo + MTX, respectively, achieved ≥ 50% improvement in the American College of Rheumatology response criteria (ACR50). Among the 505 patients who entered the LTE and were still participating, the proportion of patients treated with golimumab 50 mg SC (± MTX) achieving an ACR50 response increased to 44% at both LTE-14 and LTE-24. ACR20, ACR70, and 28-joint Disease Activity Score using C-reactive protein exhibited similar response patterns as ACR50. Infections were the most commonly reported adverse events through the end of IV golimumab dosing (37% placebo + MTX, 45% golimumab, 51% golimumab + MTX) and with SC golimumab from LTE-0 through LTE-40 (35% golimumab, 36% golimumab + MTX). Concomitant MTX use yielded lower incidences of antibodies to SC golimumab and injection-related reactions.
Clinical improvements observed in golimumab-treated patients were sustained or improved in patients switched from IV (2-4 mg/kg ± MTX) to open-label SC (50 mg ± MTX) golimumab. Both IV and SC golimumab demonstrated acceptable safety profiles (Clinicaltrials.gov NCT00361335).
The Journal of Rheumatology 11/2011; 38(12):2572-80. · 3.26 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationships between several health outcomes in ankylosing spondylitis (AS).
Baseline pretreatment data from 214 patients with AS participating in the AS Study for the Evaluation of Recombinant Infliximab Therapy were analysed. Measures of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and physical function were used as dependent variables in linear regression analysis. Associations between HRQoL (36-Item Short Form (SF-36)), physical function, clinical disease activity, spinal mobility, structural damage, MRI inflammation, disease duration, age, gender, body mass index and HLA-B27 were explored. Univariate associations were retested in multivariate models. The robustness of the models was evaluated by sensitivity analyses.
The physical component of SF-36 was independently associated with measures of physical function and disease activity (adjusted R(2) (adjR(2))=0.39-0.40). The mental component of SF-36 was independently associated with physical function (adjR(2)=0.07). Physical function was independently associated with measures of spinal mobility and disease activity (adjR(2)=0.39-0.45). Spinal mobility was hierarchically shown to be an intermediate variable between structural damage and physical function, while physical function was shown to be intermediate between spinal mobility and the physical component of SF-36.
According to the proposed stratified model for health outcomes in AS, HRQoL is determined by physical function and disease activity, physical function is determined by spinal mobility and disease activity, and spinal mobility is determined by structural damage and inflammation of the spine. As more is learnt about how to measure AS, knowledge about the disease improves and better decisions can be made on the assessment and treatment of this disease.
Annals of the rheumatic diseases 07/2011; 70(10):1758-64. · 8.11 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) is a new composite index to assess disease activity in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). It fulfils important aspects of truth, feasibility and discrimination. Criteria for disease activity states and improvement scores are important for use in clinical practice, observational studies and clinical trials and so far have not been developed for the ASDAS.
To determine clinically relevant cut-off values for disease activity states and improvement scores using the ASDAS.
For the selection of cut-offs data from the Norwegian disease modifying antirheumatic drug (NOR-DMARD) registry, a cohort of patients with AS starting conventional or biological DMARDs, were used. Receiver operating characteristic analysis against several external criteria was performed and several approaches to determine the optimal cut-offs used. The final choice was made on clinical and statistical grounds, after debate and voting by Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society members. Crossvalidation was performed in NOR-DMARD and in Ankylosing Spondylitis Study for the Evaluation of Recombinant Infliximab Therapy, a database of patients with AS participating in a randomised placebo-controlled trial with a tumour necrosis factor blocker.
Four disease activity states were chosen by consensus: inactive disease, moderate, high and very high disease activity. The three cut-offs selected to separate these states were: 1.3, 2.1 and 3.5 units. Selected cut-offs for improvement were: change ≥1.1 units for clinically important improvement and change ≥2.0 units for major improvement. Results of the crossvalidation strongly supported the cut-offs.
Cut-off values for disease activity states and improvement using the ASDAS have been developed. They proved to have external validity and a good performance compared to existing criteria.
Annals of the rheumatic diseases 11/2010; 70(1):47-53. · 8.11 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Instruments for measuring disease activity in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) are not yet firmly established, and most of the currently employed ones have been derived for rheumatoid arthritis. Some of these instruments are based on 28 joint counts, which do not capture joints frequently affected in PsA. Therefore, the reliability and validity of DAREA (for 'Disease Activity index for REactive Arthritis'), which was originally developed for reactive arthritis and employs a 66/68 joint count, was tested in patients with PsA.
Trial data from the Infliximab Multinational Psoriatic Arthritis Controlled Trial were analysed. Results were then independently validated using an observational data set. DAREA was compared to other composite indices regarding correlations with core set variables, sensitivity to change and criterion validity.
Good correlation of the DAREA with single items of disease activity, other composite scores (r=0.6-0.9) and physical function (Health Assessment Questionnaire; r=0.5) was found. Likewise, DAREA was at least as sensitive to change as the other indices and more so in patients with distal interphalangeal joint involvement. Additionally, DAREA correlated well with radiographic changes.
The analyses of this study provide evidence of the utility and validity of the DAREA for PsA disease activity assessment. A second name should therefore be assigned to this score: DAPSA (for 'Disease Activity index for PSoriatic Arthritis').
Annals of the rheumatic diseases 08/2010; 69(8):1441-7. · 8.11 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study the relationship between spinal mobility, radiographic damage of the spine and spinal inflammation as assessed by MRI in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS).
In this subanalysis of the Ankylosing Spondylitis Study for the Evaluation of Recombinant Infliximab Therapy cohort, 214 patients, representing an 80% random sample, were investigated. Only baseline data were used. MRI inflammation was assessed by the AS spinal MRI activity (ASspiMRI-a) score, structural damage by the modified Stoke AS Spine Score (mSASSS) and spinal mobility by the linear definition of the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index (BASMI). Univariate correlations were calculated on baseline values using Spearman rank correlation. Independent associations between the variables of interest were investigated by multivariate linear regression analysis. Associations with clinical disease activity, C-reactive protein, disease duration, age, gender, body mass index and HLA-B27 status were also investigated. Subanalyses were performed according to disease duration.
BASMI correlated moderately well with mSASSS (Spearman's rho=0.6) and weakly with ASspiMRI-a (rho=0.3). A best-fit model for BASMI included both mSASSS (regression coefficient (B)=0.865, p<0.001) and ASspiMRI-a (B=0.236, p=0.018). In patients with a disease duration < or = 3 years, B was greater for ASspiMRI-a than for mSASSS (0.595 vs 0.380), while in patients with a disease duration > 3 years B was greater for mSASSS than for ASspiMRI-a (0.924 vs 0.156).
Spinal mobility impairment in AS is independently determined both by irreversible spinal damage and by reversible spinal inflammation. Spinal mobility impairment is more influenced by spinal inflammation in early disease, and by structural damage in later disease.
Annals of the rheumatic diseases 05/2010; 69(8):1465-70. · 8.11 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess the efficacy and safety of intravenous administration of golimumab in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Adult patients with RA in whom disease activity was persistent despite treatment with methotrexate (MTX) at a dosage of 15-25 mg/week for > or = 4 weeks were randomized to receive intravenous infusions of placebo plus MTX or intravenous infusions of golimumab at a dose of 2 mg/kg or 4 mg/kg, with or without MTX, every 12 weeks through week 48. Patients with <20% improvement in the swollen and tender joint counts could enter early escape and receive additional active treatment (week 16) or could have their dose regimen adjusted (week 24). The primary end point was the proportion of patients achieving a 50% response according to the American College of Rheumatology improvement criteria (ACR50) at week 14.
The primary study end point was not met (at week 14, an ACR50 response was observed in 21% of the patients treated with golimumab plus MTX compared with 13% of the patients treated with placebo plus MTX [P = 0.051]). By week 24, significantly more patients treated with golimumab plus MTX had achieved an ACR50 response. Differences in the proportion of patients achieving an ACR50 response between the group receiving golimumab monotherapy and the group receiving placebo plus MTX were not significant at either week 14 (16% versus 13%) or week 24 (10% versus 9%). At week 48, the proportions of patients achieving ACR20 and ACR50 responses were highest among those who had received golimumab 4 mg/kg plus MTX (70% and 48%, respectively). Concomitant treatment with MTX was associated with a lower incidence of antibodies to golimumab. The most commonly reported adverse events through week 48 were infections (48% of patients treated with golimumab with or without MTX and 41% of patients receiving placebo plus MTX).
The primary end point was not met. However, intravenously administered golimumab plus MTX appears to have benefit in the longer-term reduction of RA signs/symptoms in MTX-resistant patients, with no unexpected safety concerns.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To compare the efficacy of MTX and MTX+TNF inhibitors (TNFis) in elderly patients with RA with that in patients of younger age.
Data from two large, randomized, controlled, double-blind trials in patients with early RA using adalimumab or infliximab+MTX or MTX alone were obtained and pooled. Composite disease activity indices were calculated at baseline and 1 year of treatment, and compared in groups of patients classified by quartiles of age with the highest age group comprising 61-82 years using analysis of variance or Kruskal-Wallis test.
Across all age quartiles, improvement on MTX was similar with respect to changes of composite disease activity indices, assessment of physical function and X-ray progression. Likewise, TNFi+MTX had similar effects across all age groups, but the effects of the combination were more profound than those of MTX monotherapy. Also in 10% of the patients with the highest age, primarily septuagenarians, improvement was seen to a similar degree as in the younger ones.
Responsiveness of elderly patients with RA to MTX or TNFi+MTX is similar to that observed in patients of younger age.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The population pharmacokinetics of subcutaneously administered golimumab (50 mg or 100 mg every 4 weeks) were characterized in patients with active psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in GO-REVEAL, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 study. A total of 2029 serum golimumab concentrations from 337 patients were analyzed using NONMEM. A 1-compartment pharmacokinetic model with first-order absorption and elimination was chosen to describe the observed concentration-time data. For a patient of standard weight (70 kg), the population estimates (typical value +/- standard error) for golimumab pharmacokinetic parameters were as follows: apparent clearance = 1.38 +/- 0.04 L/d, apparent volume of distribution = 24.9 +/- 1.04 L, and absorption rate constant = 0.908 +/- 0.121 per day. The between-subject variability was 37.6% in apparent clearance and 37.9% in apparent volume of distribution. Body weight, antibody-to-golimumab status, baseline C-reactive protein level, and smoking status were identified as significant covariates on apparent clearance. Body weight was also a significant covariate on apparent volume of distribution. None of the concomitant medications examined (methotrexate, corticosteroids, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) were significant covariates on apparent clearance, although the median trough golimumab concentration in patients receiving methotrexate was higher than for those not receiving methotrexate. These significant covariates account for part of the variability in systemic exposure to golimumab observed in patients with PsA.
The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 08/2009; 49(9):1056-70. · 2.84 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effect of infliximab on progression of structural damage over 2 years in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS).
In the Ankylosing Spondylitis Study for the Evaluation of Recombinant Infliximab Therapy (ASSERT), a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of the efficacy of infliximab compared with placebo, 279 patients with active AS received either placebo through week 24 and then infliximab 5 mg/kg from week 24 through week 96 (n=78) or infliximab 5 mg/kg from baseline through week 96, administered every 6 weeks after a loading dose (n=201; these patients were the focus of the radiographic analyses). Radiographic findings in patients from the ASSERT trial were indistinguishable from those in a historical control cohort of patients who had no prior use of anti-tumor necrosis factor agents (from the Outcome in Ankylosing Spondylitis International Study [OASIS] database; n=192). Radiographic progression of structural damage from baseline to the 2-year followup was scored using the modified Stoke Ankylosing Spondylitis Spine Score (mSASSS). All images were scored in one batch.
Median changes in the mSASSS from baseline to year 2 were 0.0 for both the OASIS and the ASSERT cohorts (P=0.541). Mean changes in the mSASSS were also similar between the OASIS and ASSERT cohorts (mean+/-SD change over 2 years 1.0+/-3.2 and 0.9+/-2.6, respectively). In addition, results from sensitivity analyses did not show a statistically significant difference in the mSASSS between the OASIS and ASSERT cohorts.
AS patients who received infliximab from baseline through week 96 did not show a statistically significant difference in inhibition of structural damage progression at year 2, as assessed using the mSASSS scoring system, when compared with radiographic data from the historical control OASIS cohort. Improvements in clinical outcomes and spinal inflammation have been previously demonstrated with the use of infliximab therapy.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess safety and efficacy of infliximab in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) through 102 weeks.
Patients (n = 279) with active AS were randomized to either group 1 (n = 78; placebo through week 24 and then infliximab 5 mg/kg from weeks 24 through 96) or group 2 (n = 201; infliximab 5 mg/kg through week 96). The primary efficacy end point at week 24 (>or=20% improvement in the ASsessment in Ankylosing Spondylitis International Working Group criteria [ASAS20]) was assessed with an intent-to-treat analysis of observed data.
More patients in group 2 than group 1 achieved the ASAS20 response at week 24 (61.2% versus 19.2%; P < 0.001). By week 102, groups 1 and 2 were similar with regard to ASAS20 response (72.1% versus 73.9%); ASAS40 responses at week 102 were 45.9% versus 59.4%. No new safety issues were discerned.
Infliximab demonstrated sustained efficacy and safety over 2 years in this large cohort of patients with active AS.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To compare employability between patients with early and long-standing rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and examine the relationships between improvement in employability and disease stage after adjustment for demographic characteristics, disease activity, physical functioning, and response to therapy.
We evaluated the employability data from 2 double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled studies of infliximab plus methotrexate (MTX) in patients with RA. Patients were incomplete responders to MTX in 1 study and had never taken MTX in the other study. Patients age <65 years were categorized as having early RA (< or =3 years disease duration) or long-standing RA (>3 years disease duration). Physical functioning was assessed using the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) and clinical response was determined based on the American College of Rheumatology 20% improvement criteria (ACR20).
Patients with early RA were more likely to be employable at baseline than those with long-standing RA, even after adjusting for baseline HAQ scores. Among patients who were not employable at baseline but achieved an ACR20 response after 1 year of treatment, after adjusting for baseline HAQ score, the patients with early RA who had never taken MTX were 3 times more likely to become employable compared with those with long-standing RA who had an incomplete response to MTX at baseline.
In 2 clinical trials, patients with early RA were more likely to show improved employment outcomes after treatment than those with long-standing RA, suggesting intervention as early as possible in the disease course maximizes an individual patient's employment potential.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the relationship between hemoglobin concentration and physical disability in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Data were derived from 2495 patients with RA enrolled in 3 clinical trials (ATTRACT, ASPIRE, and START) and treated with infliximab (3 to 10 mg/kg) plus methotrexate (MTX), or MTX plus placebo. The association of hemoglobin and the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) score was assessed at baseline (n = 2471) and Week 22 (n = 2458) by Spearman correlation, and multivariate linear regression models were employed to control for confounding effects from demographic and other clinical variables. A logistic regression model was used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) for a clinically meaningful improvement (> or = 0.25 point increase) in HAQ associated with a > or = 1 g/dl improvement in hemoglobin from baseline at Week 22.
About 37% of patients with RA had anemia based on World Health Organization criteria: hemoglobin < 12 g/dl in women (39%) and < 13 g/dl in men (32%). Low hemoglobin level was significantly associated with more severe physical disability at baseline (p < 0.001), and both male and female patients with anemia had more severe disability at baseline. Improvement in hemoglobin after treatment at Week 22 was an independent contributor to improvement in HAQ, and a > or = 1 g/dl improvement in hemoglobin after treatment was associated with a clinically meaningful improvement in the HAQ score at Week 22 (OR 1.43, 95% CI 1.10-1.86; p < 0.01).
Anemia is one of the independent factors contributing to physical disability in patients with RA. Improvement in anemia following effective RA treatment may play an independent role in improving physical function.
The Journal of Rheumatology 11/2007; 34(11):2177-82. · 3.26 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetics of infliximab dose escalation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who had an inadequate response to 3 mg/kg infliximab treatment or whose disease flared after initially responding.
Patients with active RA, despite receiving methotrexate, received infliximab 3 mg/kg at weeks 0, 2, 6 and 14 in one of the three arms of the START trial. Beginning at week 22, patients had their infliximab dose increased in a double-blind fashion in increments of 1.5 mg/kg if the total tender and swollen joint count did not improve by at least 20% from baseline (lack of response) or the improvement at week 22 or later worsened by 50% or more (criterion for flare).
Of the 329 evaluable patients, 100 (30.4%) patients required dose escalation at or after week 22 because of flare or lack of response. The majority of patients (>80%) who received up to three dose escalations showed >/=20% improvement in the total tender and swollen joint count after their last dose escalation. Patients who required dose escalations generally had lower preinfusion serum infliximab concentrations than those who did not require them. The incidences of adverse events and serious adverse events for the patients who received dose escalation(s) were similar to those of patients who did not receive dose escalation.
Fewer than one-third of patients required a dose escalation. The majority of patients showed improvement after receiving increased doses of infliximab, without an increased risk of adverse events.
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 09/2007; 66(9):1233-8. · 9.11 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine if changes in biomarkers of inflammation and bone turnover in response to treatment with infliximab plus methotrexate (MTX) versus MTX alone are associated with improvement in clinical measures of signs, symptoms, and structural damage in early rheumatoid arthritis.
Sera were collected from patients in the ASPIRE study who received 3 mg/kg (n = 48) or 6 mg/kg infliximab plus MTX (n = 55), or MTX alone (n = 41). Several baseline biomarker levels correlated with changes in median percentage of American College of Rheumatology improvement (ACR-N), 50% improvement in ACR response (ACR50), and van der Heijde-modified Sharp score (vdHSS) at Week 54.
Infliximab plus MTX treatment resulted in more rapid decreases in levels of matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3), intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1, interleukin 8 (IL-8), and tumor necrosis factor-a than treatment with MTX alone. Baseline levels and decreases from baseline to Weeks 6 and 54 in MMP-3 correlated with improvement in ACR-N response at Week 54. An increase in IL-8 levels from baseline to Week 54 correlated with worsening in vdHSS at Week 54 in the MTX-alone group. Regression analysis of markers at baseline showed that MMP-3 was the only variable associated with ACR50 response and less worsening in vdHSS at Week 54.
Treatment with infliximab plus MTX resulted in a rapid decrease in inflammation markers. MMP-3 levels at different timepoints were consistently associated with clinical improvements at Week 54 in the infliximab plus MTX group, while increases in IL-8 levels correlated with a worsening in vdHSS at Week 54 in the MTX-alone group.
The Journal of Rheumatology 08/2007; 34(7):1465-74. · 3.26 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Golimumab is a fully human antitumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) monoclonal antibody that is being developed for intravenous and subcutaneous administration. To assess the pharmacokinetics and safety of the intravenous formulation of golimumab, 36 adult subjects with rheumatoid arthritis were randomly assigned to receive a single infusion of placebo or golimumab (0.1, 0.3, 1, 3, 6, or 10 mg/kg). Serum concentrations of golimumab were determined using a validated enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. In addition to the noncompartmental analysis and compartmental modeling, a population pharmacokinetics analysis using NONMEM was also conducted. Both the maximum serum concentration and the area under the serum concentrationtime curve appeared to increase in a dose-proportional manner. The median half-life ranged from 7 to 20 days. A 2-compartment population pharmacokinetic model adequately described the pharmacokinetics of golimumab. The following pharmacokinetic parameters (typical value [% coefficient of variation]) were estimated from the population pharmacokinetic model: clearance (CL: 0.40 [10.1%] L/d), volume of distribution in the central compartment (V(c): 3.07 [6.4%] L), intercompartmental clearance (Q: 0.42 [15.5%] L/d), and volume of distribution in the peripheral compartment (V(p): 3.68 [11.8%] L). Interindividual variability of the pharmacokinetic parameters was quantified for CL (44.3%), V(c) (25.5%), Q (44.6%), and V(p) (44.6%). Residual variability was estimated to be 15.0%. Body weight was found to be an important covariate on V(c). Golimumab was generally well tolerated. The pharmacokinetics of golimumab appeared to be linear over the dose range evaluated in this study.
The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 04/2007; 47(3):383-96. · 2.84 Impact Factor