Seong-Won Choi

Seoul National University Hospital, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (4)8.48 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Rac is a protein involved in the various functions of macrophages (Mphi), including the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), phagocytosis, chemotaxis and the secretion of cytokines (such as gamma-INF). This study tested the effects of nucleosides containing 8-oxoguanine(8-hydroxyguanine) such as 8-oxo-2'-guanosine (8-oxoG) or 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG), on Rac and the above-listed Rac-associated functions of Mphi using mouse peritoneal Mphi (MpMphi). It is reported that 8-oxodG was able to effectively inhibit Rac and the Rac-associated functions of MpMphi. Compared to 8-oxodG, 8-oxoG showed negligible effects. Furthermore, normal nucleosides such as deoxyguanosine (dG), guanosine (G) and adenosine (A) did not exert any effects. These results suggest that 8-oxodG could be used as a potential tool to modulate the functions of Mphi that are intimately related to various pathological processes.
    Free Radical Research 02/2009; 43(1):78-84. · 3.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Using an established high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method based on anion exchange chromatography, fraction collection, and electrochemical detection, the oxidative DNA damage marker 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OH-dG) can be analyzed rapidly and precisely in human urine samples. In addition, by ultraviolet (UV) detection, it was shown recently that it is possible to simultaneously analyze creatinine and 7-methylguanine (m(7)Gua), an RNA degradation product, in urine. By adding a fluorescence detector to the HPLC system, we now report that it is also possible to detect pteridins such as neopterin and biopterin. The fluorescence detection was evaluated in detail for neopterin, an immune response and tumor marker. The urinary content of neopterin, assessed by using the HPLC method, was verified with a commercial neopterin enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit as indicated by the high correlation between the two methods (r=0.98). In urinary samples from 58 young healthy individuals (male and female nonsmokers, ages 19-39 years), it was found that there was no significant correlation (r=-0.04) between the levels of 8-OH-dG and neopterin (as normalized to urinary creatinine levels). In contrast, in urinary samples from 60 old healthy individuals (male and female nonsmokers, ages 60-86 years), there was a significant correlation (r=0.47) found between the levels of 8-OH-dG and neopterin (as normalized to urinary creatinine levels). These findings strongly indicate that the higher level of immune response that was correlating with old age contributes significantly to the higher level of oxidative damage as assessed in the form of 8-OH-dG. Using this type of HPLC system, it is possible to evaluate oxidative DNA damage and immune response simultaneously using the respective urinary markers. These data may contribute to understanding of the pathophysiology of diseases such as infections and tumor progression where both oxidative stress and immune response occur simultaneously.
    Analytical Biochemistry 10/2008; 383(2):236-42. · 2.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Many herbs have been used as therapeutics in Korean traditional medicine. In view of their clinical indications, anti-oxidant activity may contribute to their pharmacological effects. However, anti-oxidant information on these plants has not been available. In this study, seventy herbs which have been used in Korean traditional medicine were selected and screened for anti-oxidant activity using their water extracts. The anti-oxidant activity was assessed by their ability to inhibit three oxidation reactions; luminol/Fenton reagent, 2, 7-dichlorodihydrofluorescein (DCHF)/Fenton reagent and DCHF/peroxynitrite. In each assay, 70 herbs were divided into two groups; anti-oxidant group which inhibited the respective oxidation reaction and was majority (about 60 herbs), and pro-oxidant group which enhanced the oxidation reaction but was minority (more or less 10 herbs). When the herbs were listed in the order of their anti-oxidant strength, the orders obtained from each assay were found to be quite similar. The upper top rankers (more or less 10 herbs) in each assay showed strong activity compared to the others. The uppermost rankers in each assay were Rubus coreanus Miquel/ Rubus schizostylus, Schisandra chinensis Baillon/ Schizandra chinensis and Terminalia chebula Retzius/ Terminalia chebula. Of the pro-oxidant herbs, about 4-5 herbs were strongly pro-oxidant, which enhanced the control oxidation reactions to 150-300%. But the meaning of this observation is not known since few of them in one assay were also anti-oxidant in other assays. The results obtained in the present study may serve as information for understanding pharmacological effects of these herbs and developing new drugs from them.
    Nutrition research and practice 01/2008; 2(3):143-51. · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress in humans is associated with damage to DNA, proteins, and biological membranes. Oxidative stress, which often arises as a result of an imbalance in the human antioxidant status, has been implicated in aging and a number of human diseases such as cancer, atherosclerosis, and rheumatoid arthritis. This study was performed to test the hypothesis that the consumption of fruit juices may improve antioxidant status in human plasma. Ten healthy men 25-26 years old were recruited for the study. After overnight fasting, study subjects were fed 150 mL of fruit juice, and blood was collected at 0, 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes after consumption. After a 1-day wash-out period, subjects were fed with the next sample of fruit juice until all nine juices (pear, apple, orange, grape, peach, plum, kiwi, melon, and watermelon) had been evaluated. All juices were prepared from pure fruits ground in a home-style mixer. Dietary food records and anthropometric measurements were used to evaluate the nutritional status of subjects. The antioxidant activities of fruit juices were estimated by measuring antioxidant status in the plasma using dichlorofluorescein (DCF) fluorescence. Except for pear juice, eight kinds of juices exhibited potent antioxidant effects in human plasma. Within 30 minutes after consumption, orange, melon, grape, peach, plum, apple, and kiwi juices already effectively suppressed reactive oxygen species generation. This radical scavenging effect of fruit juices was maintained for up to 90 minutes post-consumption, but the relative DCF fluorescence had rebounded to near the initial levels at 2 hours post-consumption in most samples tested. Interestingly, however, grape juice continuously exerted persistent antioxidant activity until 2 hours after supplementation. These results suggest that the consumption of fruits or fruit juices may reduce damage from oxidative stress, and that this effect may be a consequence of the antioxidant activity of fruits in scavenging the reactive oxygen species generated in human plasma. However, long-term studies with more subjects are needed to provide additional supportive evidence and better characterize the antioxidant properties of natural fruit juices.
    Journal of Medicinal Food 02/2005; 8(1):41-6. · 1.64 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

55 Citations
8.48 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005–2009
    • Seoul National University Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2008
    • Sookmyung Women's University
      • College of Human Ecology
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Seoul National University
      • Department of Pharmacology
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea