Chunmeng Shi

Third Military Medical University, Ch’ung-ch’ing-shih, Chongqing Shi, China

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Publications (45)200.92 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Personalized oncology significantly relies on the development of theranostic agents to integrate cancer therapeutics and diagnostics. Current strategy for development of such multifunctional agents requires multistep chemical conjugation with cancer specific ligands, contrast agents and therapeutic drugs. In this study, we reported a near infrared (NIR) heptamethine indocyanine dye, IR-780, which selectively accumulated in the mitochondria of drug-resistant human lung cancer cells (A549/DR) and significantly inhibited cell growth, self-renewal and migration without the need of any chemical conjugation. IR-780 was also able to induce A549/DR cell apoptosis by disrupting the mitochondrial function. Furthermore, IR-780 dye exhibited remarkable tumoricidal activity and inhibited tumor recurrence in mouse syngeneic Lewis lung carcinoma xenograft model. With the unique properties of targeting, near infrared imaging and inhibitive effect to the drug-resistant cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo, IR-780 may represent a potential theranostic agent for tumor recurrence.
    Biomaterials 02/2014; · 7.60 Impact Factor
  • Li Gao, Fei Liu, Li Tan, Tao Liu, Zelin Chen, Chunmeng Shi
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    ABSTRACT: Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have been developed for the prevention and treatment of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Non-cultured natural MSCs are considered ideal, as they better maintain their biological and therapeutic properties. The skin is the largest organ in the body and constitutes an interesting alternative to bone marrow for the generation of MSCs. Large numbers of dermal-derived-MSCs (DMSCs) can be easily generated without culturing in vitro, but their therapeutic effects still remain unclear. In this study, we described for the first time the use of non-cultured DMSCs for controlling GVHD in an MHC-mismatched mouse model and investigated their immunomodulatory effects. Our results showed that non-cultured mouse DMSCs decreased the incidence and severity of acute GVHD during MHC-mismatched stem cell transplantation in mice. This effect was mediated by the inhibition of splenic cell (SPC) proliferation and the enhancement of Treg cells. Consistent with the results in vivo, the results in vitro showed that human DMSCs inhibited the proliferation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) by inhibiting the proliferation of CD3(+) T cells. hDMSCs prevented PBMCs from entering S phase, suppressed the activation of CD3(+) T cells and increased Treg proportions. In conclusion, DMSCs should be considered as a novel MSC source for the control of refractory GVHD.
    Biomaterials 01/2014; · 7.60 Impact Factor
  • Erlong Zhang, Shenglin Luo, Xu Tan, Chunmeng Shi
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    ABSTRACT: IR-780 iodide, a near-infrared fluorescent heptamethine dye, has been recently characterized to exhibit preferential accumulation property in the mitochondria of tumor cells. In this study, we investigated the possible mechanisms for its tumor selective activity and its potential as a drug delivery carrier. Results showed that the energy-dependent uptake of IR-780 iodide into the mitochondria of tumor cells was affected by glycolysis and plasma membrane potential. Moreover, OATP1B3 subtype of organic anion transporter peptides (OATPs) may play a dominant role in the transportation of IR-780 iodide into tumor cells, while cellular endocytosis, mitochondrial membrane potential and the ATP-binding cassette transporters did not show significant influence to its accumulation. We further evaluated the potential of IR-780 iodide as a drug delivery carrier by covalent conjugation of IR-780 with nitrogen mustard (IR-780NM). In vivo imaging showed that IR-780NM remained the tumor targeting property, indicating that IR-780 iodide could be potentially applied as a drug delivery agent for cancer targeted imaging and therapy.
    Biomaterials 10/2013; · 7.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Highly charged hydrophilic superparamagnetic Fe3O4 colloidal nanocrystal clusters with an average diameter of 195 nm have been successfully synthesized using a modified one-step solvothermal method. Anionic polyelectrolyte poly(4-styrenesulfonic acid-co-maleic acid) sodium salt containing both sulfonate and carboxylate groups was used as the stabilizer. The clusters synthesized under different experimental conditions were characterized with transmission electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering; it was found that the size distribution and water dispersity were significantly affected by the concentration of the polyelectrolyte stabilizer and iron sources in the reaction mixtures. A possible mechanism involving novel gel-like large molecular networks that confined the nucleation and aggregation process was proposed and discussed. The colloidal nanocrystal clusters remained negatively charged in the experimental pH ranges from 2 to 11, and also showed high colloidal stability in phosphate buffered saline (PBS) and ethanol. These highly colloidal stable superparamagnetic Fe3O4 clusters could find potential applications in bioseparation, targeted drug delivery, and photonics.
    Nanoscale 06/2013; · 6.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Personalized oncology significantly relies on the development of cancer theranostic agents to integrate cancer therapeutics and diagnostics. Current most common strategy for development of such multifunctional agents requires multistep chemical conjugation with cancer targeted ligands, contrast agents and therapeutic agents. Here we report the chemical synthesis and biological characterization of a new heptamethine dye, termed as IR-808DB, natively with multifunctional characteristics of cancer targeting, near-infrared fluorescence imaging, and efficient anticancer activity. The tumor inhibition effect of IR-808DB is higher than that of cyclophosphamide (CTX) toward a broad spectrum of tumor xenograft models. These findings provide IR-808DB a promising prospect as a new cancer theranostic agent that would enable integration of cancer targeted therapeutics and diagnostics without requirement of multi-component chemical conjugation.
    Biomaterials 12/2012; · 7.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: With the clarification of the important roles of microRNAs (miRNAs) in diverse physiologic and pathologic processes, the effects of miRNAs in wound healing have attracted more attention recently. However, the global pattern of miRNA expression in wound tissue is still unknown. In the present study, we depicted the miRNA profile and identified at least 54 miRNAs, including miR-21, changed for more than twofold at the stage of granulation formation during wound healing. These miRNAs were closely related to the major events of wound healing, including cell migration and proliferation, angiogenesis, and matrix remolding. Furthermore, we found that miR-21 was up-regulated after skin injury, mainly in activated and migrating epithelial cells of epidermis and mesenchymal cells of dermis. Locally antagonizing miR-21 by directly injecting antagomir to wound edge caused significant delay of wound closure with impaired collagen deposition. Unexpectedly, we found wounds treated with miR-21 antagomir had an obvious defect in wound contraction at an early stage of wound healing. The significant role of miR-21 in wound contraction was further confirmed by in vivo gain-of-function and in vitro loss-of-function experiments. In conclusion, the present study has for the first time depicted miRNA profiling of wound healing and demonstrated the involvement of miR-21 in regulating the wound contraction and collagen deposition. These results suggest that miR-21 may be a new medical target in skin wound manipulation.
    American Journal Of Pathology 12/2012; 181(6):1911-20. · 4.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Transcriptional positive coactivator 4 (PC4) is a multifunctional nuclear protein that has important roles in DNA transcription, replication, repair and heterochromatinization. However, the role of PC4 in cancer remains to be clarified. Several studies propose that PC4 may act as a putative tumor suppressor. Here, we demonstrate for the first time that PC4 may represent a potential therapeutic target in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PC4 protein expression is significantly upregulated in NSCLC carcinoma tissues compared with their adjacent noncancerous counterparts as shown by immunohistochemical staining and western blotting in 104 pairs of formalin-fixed human NSCLC specimens and 6 fresh NSCLC samples. Knockdown of PC4 expression by sequence-specific small interfering RNA (siRNA) in human NSCLC cells (A549, H460 and H358) significantly inhibits the growth of cancer cells by the induction of cell cycle arrest and the increase of cell apoptosis in vitro. Interrupting the PC4 signaling pathway by injection of the PC4 siRNA liposome complex produced an effective regression of pre-established A549 cell xenografts in mice through growth inhibition and increased apoptosis. These results indicated that PC4 could be an attractive new therapeutic target for the treatment of NSCLC.
    Cancer gene therapy 08/2012; 19(10):690-6. · 3.13 Impact Factor
  • Dechun Wang, Shuguang Wang, Chunmeng Shi
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    ABSTRACT: Mesenchymal stem cells (also known as multipotent stromal cells, MSCs) are considered as promising candidate cells for stem cell-based therapy. However, the applications of MSCs are facing controversial concerns of potential tumorigenic risks. There is also increasing evidence that MSCs may play a modulatory role in the development and progression of tumors. MSCs have the potential to migrate to tumor sites and promote tumor cell proliferation, invasion and metastasis. In addition to these risks, MSCs also have shown to be an attractive target for gene/cell-mediated anti-tumor therapy. These complicated behaviors of MSCs in cancer warrant further study to evaluate the benefits of MSCs treatment and the long-term risk of tumor origin or incidence from MSCs under different pathological conditions.
    Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy 02/2012; 7(5):370-80. · 2.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The future personalized oncology significantly relies on the development of multifunctional agents to integrate tumor targeting, imaging, and cytotoxic activities. In our recent study, we have recently identified a near infrared fluorescent heptamethine dye, IR-780, with unexpected preferential accumulation in a broad spectra of tumor cells for in vivo tumor targeting and imaging. On the basis of this foregoing work, in this study, we describe here the chemical synthesis and biological characterization of an analog of IR-780, termed as IR-808, which not only possesses similar tumor targeting and imaging properties of IR-780, but also has unique photodependent cytotoxic activity. In addition, IR-808 also exhibits favorable optical and pharmacokinetic properties, as well as good biocompatibility. This dye may hold promise as a candidate multifunctional theranostic agent for future tumor targeted imaging and photodynamic therapy.
    Biomaterials 12/2011; 33(7):2230-9. · 7.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling pathway plays important roles in maintaining normal tissue homeostasis, and is tightly controlled by a network of biomolecules. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs of ∼22 nucleotides that regulate gene expression at posttranscriptional levels. Increasing evidence points to the important role of miRNAs in TGF-β signaling. OncomicroRNA miR-21 has been established as a key regulator of mesenchymal phenotype transition induced by TGF-β. However, the effects of miR-21 on epithelial biology involved in TGF-β signaling pathway such as cytostatic program and epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) processes are unclear. Here we show that miR-21 is upregulated after TGF-β exposure in both growth inhibition and EMT models of HaCaT keratinocytes. To determine the potential roles of miR-21 in TGF-β-induced growth-arrest and EMT models, we showed that ectopic expression of miR-21 overcame TGF-β' growth-inhibitory effect and the knockdown of miR-21 potentialized this effect, but perturbation of miR-21 levels had little effect on EMT. Moreover, TGFBR2, PTEN, PDCD4, and TAp63 were identified as targets of miR-21 in HaCaT cells. And among them, TGFBR2, PTEN, and TAp63 were associated with TGF-β-induced cytostatic program. Thus, our results suggest that miR-21 regulates the ability of epithelial cells to respond to TGF-β, with potential impact on epithelium homeostasis, wound-healing and tumorigenesis.
    The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology 11/2011; 44(2):366-76. · 4.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The development of multifunctional agents for simultaneous tumor targeting and near infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging is expected to have significant impact on future personalized oncology owing to the very low tissue autofluorescence and high tissue penetration depth in the NIR spectrum window. Cancer NIR molecular imaging relies greatly on the development of stable, highly specific and sensitive molecular probes. Organic dyes have shown promising clinical implications as non-targeting agents for optical imaging in which indocyanine green has long been implemented in clinical use. Recently, significant progress has been made on the development of unique NIR dyes with tumor targeting properties. Current ongoing design strategies have overcome some of the limitations of conventional NIR organic dyes, such as poor hydrophilicity and photostability, low quantum yield, insufficient stability in biological system, low detection sensitivity, etc. This potential is further realized with the use of these NIR dyes or NIR dye-encapsulated nanoparticles by conjugation with tumor specific ligands (such as small molecules, peptides, proteins and antibodies) for tumor targeted imaging. Very recently, natively multifunctional NIR dyes that can preferentially accumulate in tumor cells without the need of chemical conjugation to tumor targeting ligands have been developed and these dyes have shown unique optical and pharmaceutical properties for biomedical imaging with superior signal-to-background contrast index. The main focus of this article is to provide a concise overview of newly developed NIR dyes and their potential applications in cancer targeting and imaging. The development of future multifunctional agents by combining targeting, imaging and even therapeutic routes will also be discussed. We believe these newly developed multifunctional NIR dyes will broaden current concept of tumor targeted imaging and hold promise to make an important contribution to the diagnosis and therapeutics for the treatment of cancer.
    Biomaterials 07/2011; 32(29):7127-38. · 7.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The development of multifunctional agents that could be used for simultaneous tumor targeting, imaging and treatment is a major goal in cancer research and is expected to contribute significantly to the realization of personalized oncology. Mitochondria are involved in diverse physiological activities and confer vital roles in cancer development and progression. Increasing efforts are being made to develop cancer treatment strategies based on various mitochondrial targets and novel mitochondrial drug delivery systems. Multifunctional nanostructures or multifunctional chemical compounds further broaden the current concept of tumor targeting and provide alternative solutions for mitochondrially targeted cancer therapy.
    Drug discovery today 02/2011; 16(3-4):140-6. · 6.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent agents hold great promise for noninvasive in vivo imaging. We have recently reported that a NIR fluorescent heptamethine dye, IR-780 iodide, exhibits unique optical properties for biomedical imaging. On the basis of this foregoing work, we further describe here the potential application of IR-780 iodide as a novel NIR agent for stem cell labeling and tracking. The labeling efficiency, subcellular localization, and the effects on cell viability and differentiation of IR-780 iodide were investigated. The in vivo distribution of stem cells after intravenous transplantation was traced by whole-body animal NIR imaging. Our results showed that IR-780 iodide exhibited superior labeling efficiency and biocompatibility with unique optical properties. Following whole-body NIR imaging, the pulmonary passage of stem cells was noninvasively visualized in rats after systemic transplantation of IR-780 iodide-labeled stem cells through intravenous delivery. With this NIR imaging method, we further confirmed that pretreatment with sodium nitroprusside (SNP), a vasodilator agent, significantly reduced the cell trapping in the lung and increased the cell passage through the lung capillaries. Our study suggests that IR-780 iodide may represent an effective NIR fluorophore for stem cell labeling and tracking.
    Cell Transplantation 11/2010; 20(5):741-51. · 4.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Failure to cure many cancers once they are disseminated has been attributed to the presence of resistant cancer stem cells. Cantharidin, a natural compound isolated from the beetles and other insects has been traditionally used as anticancer agent, but limited by its significant toxicity. It has shown that cantharidin can force cancer cells prematurely into cell cycle and subsequently induce apoptotic cell death through the inhibition of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A). In this study, we showed that a synthesized analog of cantharidin, LB1, with significant PP2A inhibition activity but without apparent toxicity, greatly enhanced the effectiveness of the standard anti-sarcoma chemotherapeutic agent, doxorubicin (DOX), in the xenograft growth inhibition and lung metastases prevention of an aggressive sarcoma derived from transformed mesenchymal stem cells in syngeneic rats. We report here on the possibility of, pharmacologic inhibition of PP2A with low toxicity cantharidin derivatives may be a useful strategy to enhance the effectiveness of DNA-damaged chemotherapeutic drugs against stem cell-derived cancer.
    Biomaterials 09/2010; 31(36):9535-43. · 7.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging holds great promise for tumor imaging due to low tissue autofluorescence and deep tissue penetration. However, most tumor-targeting fluorescent probes require combination of targeting agents and fluorescent reporters. In this study, we described a NIR heptamethine cyanine dye, IR-780 iodide, with preferential accumulation in multiple tumor cells without the necessity of chemical conjugation. The IR-780 iodide was found to retain in tumors but not normal cells in multiple tumor xenografts in nude mice and chemically-induced lung tumors in C57BL/6 mice. The fluorescent signal of tumors could persist at least 20 days with a significant signal-to-background ratio. As a lipophilic cation, a predominant accumulation of IR-780 iodide was shown in the mitochondria of tumor cells owing to the high magnitude of mitochondrial membrane potential in tumor cells than normal cells. We further showed that the transportation of IR-780 iodide into tumor cells was mediated by the organic anion transporter peptides (OATPs) because the dye accumulation was significantly inhibited by sulfobromophthalein (BSP), a competitive inhibitor of OATPs. Our study shows that IR-780 iodide that preferentially accumulates in tumor cells and is natively NIR fluorescent would be useful in tumor detection.
    Biomaterials 09/2010; 31(25):6612-7. · 7.60 Impact Factor
  • The Lancet Oncology 09/2010; 11(9):815-6. · 25.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Near-IR fluorescence imaging has great potential for noninvasive in vivo imaging of tumors. In this study, we show the preferential uptake and retention of two hepatamethine cyanine dyes, IR-783 and MHI-148, in tumor cells and tissues. IR-783 and MHI-148 were investigated for their ability to accumulate in human cancer cells, tumor xenografts, and spontaneous mouse tumors in transgenic animals. Time- and concentration-dependent dye uptake and retention in normal and cancer cells and tissues were compared, and subcellular localization of the dyes and mechanisms of the dye uptake and retention in tumor cells were evaluated using organelle-specific tracking dyes and bromosulfophthalein, a competitive inhibitor of organic anion transporting peptides. These dyes were used to detect human cancer metastases in a mouse model and differentiate cancer cells from normal cells in blood. These near-IR hepatamethine cyanine dyes were retained in cancer cells but not normal cells, in tumor xenografts, and in spontaneous tumors in transgenic mice. They can be used to detect cancer metastasis and cancer cells in blood with a high degree of sensitivity. The dyes were found to concentrate in the mitochondria and lysosomes of cancer cells, probably through organic anion transporting peptides, because the dye uptake and retention in cancer cells can be blocked completely by bromosulfophthalein. These dyes, when injected to mice, did not cause systemic toxicity. These two heptamethine cyanine dyes are promising imaging agents for human cancers and can be further exploited to improve cancer detection, prognosis, and treatment.
    Clinical Cancer Research 05/2010; 16(10):2833-44. · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles have attracted extensive interest as novel contrast agents for biomedical imaging owing to their capability of deep-tissue imaging, non-invasiveness and low toxicity. This mini-review will provide an overview on the recent synthesis methods, influencing factors and potential applications of magentic nanoparticles for cell labeling and imaging.
    Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry 03/2010; 10(3):193-202. · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) in gastrointestinal tract are specialized cells serving as pacemaker cells. The origin of ICCs is currently not fully characterized. In this work, we aimed to study whether bone marrow-derived cells (BMDCs) could contribute to the origin of ICCs in the muscular plexus of small intestine using GFP-C57BL/6 chimeric mice.Engraftment of BMDCs in the intestine was investigated for GFP expression. GFP positive bone marrow mononuclear cells reached a proportion of 95.65% +/- 3.72% at different times in chimerism. Donor-derived cells distributed widely in all the layers of the gastrointestinal tract. There were GFP positive BMDCs in the myenteric plexus, which resembled characteristics of ICCs, including myenteric location, c-Kit positive staining, and ramified morphology. Donor-derived ICCs in the myenteric plexus contributed to a percentage ranging 9.25% +/- 4.9% of all the ICCs in the myenteric plexus. In conclusion, here we described that donor-derived BMDCs might differentiate into gastrointestinal ICCs after radiation injury, which provided an alternative source for the origin of the ICCs in the muscular plexus of adult intestine. These results further identified the plasticity of BMDCs and indicated therapeutic implications of BMDCs for the gastrointestinal dysmotility caused by ICCs disorders.
    BioMed Research International 01/2010; 2010:164986. · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a near-infrared fluorescent heptamethine dye (IR-780 iodide) with unique properties for sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping in both small and large animals. This dye has a significant photobrightening effect in serum and a long retention time in the lymphatic system which allows to acquire much higher signal-to-noise ratios. Injection of only 10 nmol of this dye permits SLNs to be imaged easily in pigs using excitation fluence rates of only 2 microW/cm(2). In addition, this dye has a unique stability property after formalin fixation in tissues which raises the possibility of developing new and sensitive means of detecting lymph nodes in harvested surgical specimens. This dye can be completely cleared from the circulation in a couple of days and does not cause acute systemic toxicity.
    Biomaterials 12/2009; 31(7):1911-7. · 7.60 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

455 Citations
107 Downloads
3k Views
200.92 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2000–2014
    • Third Military Medical University
      Ch’ung-ch’ing-shih, Chongqing Shi, China
  • 2011
    • Xinqiao Hospital
      Ch’ung-ch’ing-shih, Chongqing Shi, China
  • 2010
    • Plano Cancer Institute
      Plano, Texas, United States
  • 2008–2009
    • Emory University
      • Department of Urology
      Atlanta, GA, United States