Khoji Miyazaki

Shimane University, Matsue-shi, Shimane-ken, Japan

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Publications (6)8.36 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Cerebralmetastases from primary cervical carcinomas are very rare with a repeated incidence of 0. 5-1. 2% in various studies. A 46-year-old woman was initially diagnosed and treated for FIGO clinical stage II a cervical carcinoma. She was two gravid, two para. When 40 years old, she had a right hemicolectomy and chemotherapy, due to colon cancer. Her mother also had colon cancer, cervical cancer, and stomach cancer. She had habitually smoked ten/day for 26 years. First, she went to the outpatient clinic, due to abnormal vaginal bleeding. She had a biopsy of her cervix and was diagnosed with cervical cancer. She underwent a radical hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy. Pathological diagnosis was adenosquamous cell carcinoma of uterine cervix with extensive LVSI and pelvic lymph node metastasis (right internalil iac LN), myometrial invasion (depth 10 mm), anterior vaginal wall metastasis, but no metastasis of vaginal stump. She came to our hospital for radiotherapy. The woman received concurrent chemoradiotherapy(CCRT)with weekly CDDP 30 mg/m² as adjuvant therapy. Shortly after CCRT, she was diagnosed with multiple metastases to the bone, liver, lung, and brain. She received palliative radiotherapy and eventually died four months after being diagnosed. The extremely rapid progression of this patient's disease is unusual. To our knowledge, this is one of the most aggressive cases of cervical adenosquamous cell carcinoma documented.
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 01/2011; 38(1):133-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Malignant transformation of an ovarian mature cystic teratoma is very rare; it arises in about 1-2% of all dermoid cysts. No standard treatment has been established for advanced and recurrent disease. In Case 1, a 78-year-old woman was diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma arising from a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary after undergoing right salpingo-oophorectomy (RSO). She was treated with chemotherapy(TC), but the carcinoma recurred 2 months after completing first-line chemotherapy. She began second-line chemotherapy (PEC: CBDCA+PEP+etoposide), but became disoriented on the second day of treatment, and could not complete the schedule. She died 2 months after the recurrence. Case 2 was a 60-year-old woman diagnosed with stage Ic disease when she underwent a computed tomography scan during chemotherapy for breast cancer recurrence in her liver. She underwent bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO), and was treated with chemotherapy (TC+trastuzumab). She received 5 courses, but the breast cancer metastases enlarged and her chemotherapy regimen was changed. Five months later, after completing 5 courses of TC+trastuzumab, she had disseminated recurrence in the pelvis and also had a mass. She developed ileus and underwent a colostomy. She then underwent transcatheter arterial embolization via the inferior mesenteric artery and received cisplatin (100 mg/body) as second-line chemotherapy. The tumor was reduced in size about 30%, for a partial remission. However, her breast cancer recurrence was exacerbated and she died. The results of TAE, however, showed that it may be an effective second-line therapy for recurrent squamous cell carcinoma arising from a mature cystic teratoma.
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 04/2010; 37(4):747-52.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of concomitant postoperative radiation and chemotherapy in patients with the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stages III and IV endometrial cancer. A retrospective review at Shimane University and Ryukyu University, Japan, was performed of 76 patients with FIGO stages III and IV endometrial cancer. All patients had received a comprehensive staging procedure including hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, ± selective pelvic/aortic lymphadenectomy, surgical debulking, and treatment with adjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy. Seventy-six patients with FIGO stages III and IV endometrial cancer were identified who received postoperative adjuvant therapies; 26% (N = 20) received radiotherapy alone, 40% (N = 30) chemotherapy alone, and 34% (N = 26) chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The median age was 55 years; 92% had the endometrioid type and 97% were optimally debulked. The median follow-up period was 54 (range 6-188) months. Combination therapy with chemotherapy and radiation correlated with longer overall survival compared with either chemotherapy alone (P = 0.0298) or chemotherapy alone + radiation alone (P = 0.0345). Combination therapy correlated with longer overall survival compared with radiation alone with marginal significance (P = 0.0521). No significant differences in the disease-free interval were seen among the combination therapy and chemotherapy alone or radiation alone groups. Combined treatment with radiation and chemotherapy may improve overall survival in patients with FIGO stages III and IV endometrial cancer.
    International Journal of Clinical Oncology 04/2010; 15(5):440-6. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined the clinical significance of CCNE1 (Cyclin E1) amplification and assessed whether CCNE1 is a potential therapeutic target in ovarian cancer. CCNE1 expression and amplification in ovarian cancer was assessed by immunohistochemistry, fluorescence in situ hybridization and clinical data collected by retrospective chart review. CCNE1 gene knockdown using silencing RNA and a CCNE1 gene transfection system were used to asses CCNE1 function in tissue samples of ovarian cancer. Gene amplification was identified in 18 (20.4%) of 88 ovarian carcinomas. CCNE1 copy number significantly correlated with CCNE1 protein expression (r = 0.522, P < .0001). CCNE1 amplification significantly correlated with shorter disease-free survival and overall survival (P < .001). There were nonsignificant trends between high protein expression and poor disease-free survival (P = .2865) and overall survival (P = .1248). Multivariate analysis showed gene amplification was an independent prognostic factor for disease-free survival and overall survival after standard platinum-taxane chemotherapy (P = .0274, P = .0023). Profound growth inhibition and apoptosis were observed in silencing RNA-treated cancer cells with gene amplification compared with results in cancer cells with CCNE1 moderate expression without gene amplification or with low CCNE1 expression. CCNE1 overexpression stimulated proliferation in ovarian cancer cell lines ES2 and TOV-21G, which have lower endogenous CCNE1 expression. These findings indicate that CCNE1 overexpression is critical to growth and survival of ovarian cancer tumors with CCNE1 gene amplification. Furthermore, they suggest that CCNE1 silencing RNA-induced phenotypes depend on amplification status of ovarian cancers. Therefore, CCNE1-targeted therapy may benefit ovarian cancer patients with CCNE1 amplification.
    Cancer 03/2010; 116(11):2621-34. · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) therapy for patients with metastatic low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (LGESS). A retrospective review was performed of five patients with metastatic LGESS lesions in whom MPA therapy prolonged survival. The diagnosis was established by hysterectomy in all five patients. Three patients had stage I disease and two patients had stage IV. The median follow-up period was 77 months (range, 15-283 months). All five patients had recurrent disease in the lung. The median disease-free interval was 50 months (range, 7-120 months). Three of the five patients received several types of chemotherapy, and all of these patients received the same MPA (200-600 mg/day) hormonal therapy. One patient died 149 months after disease recurrence. Interestingly, after the recurrence in the lung, three patients were alive with persistent pulmonary metastases for more than 120 months. The median overall survival from the time of recurrence was 41 months (range, 9-163 months). The patients in this study demonstrate that MPA treatment may extend the survival of patients with LGESS that is metastatic to the lung.
    International Journal of Clinical Oncology 03/2010; 15(2):179-83. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The extracellular-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathway plays an important role in regulating the malignant potential of a cancer cell. However, the effect of ERK signaling on cancer metastasis is not clearly understood. In the present study, we examined the status of ERK activation in 88 ovarian carcinomas in order to clarify the clinicopathological and prognostic significance of phosphorylated ERK1/2 (p-ERK1/2). p-ERK1/2 expression was identified in 37 (42%) of 88 ovarian carcinomas. There was no significant correlation between p-ERK1/2 expression and any of the clinicopathological factors tested. No significant correlation between p-ERK1/2 expression and overall survival was found in patients with ovarian carcinoma treated with platinum and taxane chemotherapy (P=0.426). Next, to clarify the role of ERK1/2 activation in ovarian cancers, we inactivated ERK1/2 in ovarian cancer cells using the MEK inhibitor, CI-1040, which prevents ERK1/2 activation. Based on simulated wound healing and invasion chamber assays, we found that the motility and invasion of ES2 and MPSC1 cells with p-ERK1/2 were significantly reduced (P<0.01) after treatment with CI-1040. By contrast, CI-1040 did not have any effect on KF28 cells, which were negative for p-ERK1/2. Twist was down-regulated simultaneously with p-ERK1/2 following treatment of ES2 and MPSC1 cells with CI-1040. Immunohistochemistry of ovarian carcinoma tissue revealed that the increased expression of p-ERK1/2 significantly correlated with Twist expression (P<0.01). The findings in this study provide new insight into the biological role of ERK signaling in ovarian carcinomas. Additionally, our observations have an important therapeutic implication for patients with ovarian cancers that express p-ERK1/2 as these patients may potentially benefit from CI-1040 therapy.
    Experimental and therapeutic medicine 01/2010; 1(4):591-596. · 0.34 Impact Factor