Ryo Hoshino

Fujita Health University, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan

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Publications (16)12.26 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Valve surgery for active infective endocarditis (IE) can cause fatal brain hemorrhage. Our current study aimed to evaluate the incidence of septic cerebral lesions in active IE patients by performing preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) including T(2)*- weighted sequences and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) before urgent valve surgery, and to investigate whether such preoperative evaluation affects postoperative outcomes. Eighteen patients were referred to our department for native valve IE during 2006-2010. Urgent surgery was indicated in cases of hemodynamic failure resulting from valve destruction, refractory sepsis, and mobile vegetations measuring >10 mm. For these patients, we performed preoperative MRI and MRA. Males comprised 67% of the subjects, with average age 53 ± 15 years. No clinical evidence of acute stroke was noted. Of the 18 patients, urgent surgery was indicated in 15; of these, 10 (67%) showed a brain lesion related to IE: 6 patients had acute or subacute brain infarctions, 2 patients had brain infarction with brain abscess, and 2 patients had hemorrhagic brain infarction and so did not undergo urgent surgery. Thus, 13 patients underwent urgent valve surgery. Among the 5 patients who did not undergo urgent surgery, 4 patients later underwent valve surgery for healed IE. No hospital deaths or neurological complications occurred. MRI of patients with active IE revealed a high incidence of cerebral lesions caused by IE. The use of MRI to detect septic embolism and intracerebral hemorrhage may provide important information for better surgical outcomes.
    General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 07/2011; 59(7):467-71.
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    ABSTRACT: Pseudoaneurysm of the ascending aorta after cardiac surgery is a rare but life threatening complication, which can result in rupture. Pseudoaneurysms are usually related to the aortic cannulation, the proximal site of graft anastomosis, or the suture line of aortotomy, and often occur after mediastinal infection. We report a case of pseudoaneurysm of the ascending aorta associated with aortic cannulation and the proximal anastomosis of a saphenous vein graft without an obvious history of mediastinal infection.
    Annals of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery : official journal of the Association of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons of Asia. 06/2011; 17(3):323-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Sixty-four-slice multidetector computed tomography (64-MDCT) has been shown to be a feasible modality for diagnosing coronary artery disease. We studied the accuracy of 64-MDCT in the detection of diseased grafts and also evaluated its limitations. This study comprised 19 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting and both invasive coronary angiography (ICA) and 64-MDCT. The 64-MDCT images were analyzed for bypass graft occlusion and significant stenosis (>50%) of the anastomosis, and the results were compared with those of ICA. A total of 90 anastomoses, including 25 proximal anastomoses, were evaluated. Of 65 distal anastomoses, including 5 previously occluded grafts in redo cases, 12 distal anastomoses were identified by 64-MDCT as occluded. In comparison, only 10 grafts were identified as occluded by ICA. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for patency were 100% (10 of 10), 96.5% (55 of 57), 83.3% (10 of 12), and 100% (55 of 55), respectively. The ICA patent grafts were evaluated with respect to stenosis. Invasive coronary angiography identified significant stenosis at only 1 site, whereas 64-MDCT showed significant stenosis at 6 sites. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for stenoses were 100% (1 of 1), 93.1% (67 of 72), 16.7% (1 of 6), and 100% (67 of 67), respectively. Although 64-MDCT demonstrated diagnostic accuracy in evaluating bypass grafts, limitations of this method include false positive results in cases of competitive flow between the graft and the native coronary artery.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 06/2010; 89(6):1906-11. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Chronic type B dissection though optimal is still considered to be a controversial procedure, even in the advent of stent grafts. Recently, we used a novel surgical technique involving left axillary perfusion to analyze the results of our surgical strategy and compare them with those reported in the literature. Materials and Methods: Between August 2004 and July 2009, 39 patients underwent graft replacement for chronic type B aortic dissection. The left axillary artery was used for perfusion inflow. Perfusion was maintained at approximately 23˚C during open proximal anastomosis. The graft was anastomosed to the distal true lumen whenever possible. Results: Open proximal anastomosis was performed in 22 patients (56%). In 24 cases (62%), grafts were anastomosed to the true lumen of the peripheral aorta. The early overall mortality rate was 3% (1 patient). Permanent cerebral infarction occurred in 2 patients (5%); and paraparesis, in 1 patient (3%). The Kaplan-Meier survival estimates were 91% at 2 years and 88% at 5 years. Conclusion: Our surgical strategy is associated with excellent short-term and midterm outcomes. Although further investigation is needed, this strategy may be useful for patients with chronic type B dissection.
    Annals of Vascular Diseases 01/2010; 3(3):215-21.
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    ABSTRACT: This report presents an extremely rare case of paraplegia following emergency surgery for a nonruptured symptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm. A 62-year-old man underwent an emergency surgical repair for a symptomatic nonruptured infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. On postoperative day 2 paraplegia following spinal cord ischemia occurred at the T8 level. The site of the ischemia was situated too high for clamping to have caused this condition, unless the patient had a congenital anomaly in the blood supply to the spinal cord or it had been caused by the previously occluded great radicular artery, which was maintained by the collateral blood supply from the iliac circulation.
    Surgery Today 02/2009; 39(7):603-5. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 73-year-old man presented with DeBakey type IIIa chronic aortic dissection. The aneurysm of the descending aorta was replaced using an open proximal technique with hypothermic circulatory arrest. For cerebrospinal protection, the left axillary artery was cannulated, which perfuses the vertebral artery and affects the Willis arterial circle, the anterior spinal artery, and the collateral blood supply to the spinal cord. Cannulation of the left axillary artery was a safe and effective surgical option for antegrade cerebral perfusion and spinal protection.
    General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 01/2009; 56(12):589-91.
  • Asian cardiovascular & thoracic annals 05/2008; 16(2):185-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Aberrant right subclavian artery is a rare condition with a prevalence of 0.5%-2.0% of the population. We report a case of distal aortic arch aneurysm with right subclavian artery. A 75-year-old man who was asymptomatic was referred to our hospital for a thoracic aortic aneurysm. Computed tomography showed a 55-mm fusiform aneurysm of the distal arch and an aberrant right subclavian artery. Total arch replacement was performed via median sternotomy with antegrade selective cerebral perfusion and hypothermic circulatory arrest. We reconstructed the aberrant right subclavian artery in the normal position to avoid compression of the esophagus and trachea caused by future aneurysmal dilatation of the orifice of the aberrant right subclavian artery and potential high risk for rupture.
    General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 02/2008; 56(1):22-4.
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    ABSTRACT: A 34-year-old male with a past history of permanent inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placement was referred to us for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. Percutaneous cardiopulmonary support (PCPS) was required for the lung hemorrhage and reperfusion injury, although the thromboendarterectomy was successfully completed. The arterial cannula was inserted into the femoral artery, and the venous cannula was inserted into the right axillary vein. The patient was weaned from PCPS 1 day after the operation and was discharged 35 days after the operation. Axillary vein cannulation is thought to be a feasible method when PCPS is required for a patient with previous IVC filter placement.
    Artificial Organs 03/2007; 31(2):159-62. · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 61-year-old woman who had undergone surgery for a right ventricular myxoma 19 years earlier was admitted to our hospital for treatment of a saccular aneurysm of the ascending aorta at the site of the previous aortic cannulation. We resected the aneurysm completely and closed it with a polyester patch. Pathologic examination revealed an aortic wall saccular aneurysm, without atherosclerotic changes or bacterial cultures, consisting of elastic fibrous tissue and artificial material. There were inflammatory changes at the top of the aneurysm, with continuity of medial elastic fibrous tissue inside. These pathological findings strongly suggested a true aneurysm with continuity of medial elastic fibrous tissue. We report this extremely unusual case of a saccular true aneurysm at a previous aortic cannulation site.
    Surgery Today 02/2007; 37(10):893-6. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting is rarely applied to patients who have previously received a renal transplant in Japan. A 59-year-old male renal transplant recipient was admitted for unstable angina pectoris. Emergency coronary angiography revealed triple-vessel disease. Intraaortic balloon pumping was applied, followed by emergency off-pump coronary bypass grafting for complete revascularization. Intraaortic balloon pumping was ceased immediately after the operation because his hemodynamic status was stable. On the morning of the surgery, the patient was given his standard dose of immunosuppressive agents. On postoperative day 1, he was extubated and infused with immunosuppressive agents. On postoperative day 2, his usual immunosuppressive agents were resumed as per his normal dosage. He recovered uneventfully and is well without angina pectoris and renal complication 1 year after the operation.
    The Japanese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 01/2007; 54(12):532-4.
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    ABSTRACT: We performed pulmonary thromboendarterectomy under deep hypothermic intermittent circulatory arrest in 18 patients with chronic pulmonary thromboembolism from August 2001 to January 2004. In some of these cases, reperfusion pulmonary edema prevented a satisfactory improvement in hemodynamic data soon after the surgery. Here we report two cases of chronic pulmonary thromboembolism in which we successfully prevented postoperative persistent pulmonary hypertension and hypoxia caused by severe reperfusion pulmonary edema by the use of a percutaneous cardiopulmonary support device.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 08/2006; 82(1):314-6. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A mycotic aneurysm of the thoracoabdominal aorta was detected in a 68-year-old male after 1 month of antibiotic therapy for acute enteritis. The infected aorta was resected and revascularized via in situ grafting using an expanded-polytetrafluoroethylene graft with reconstruction of the visceral arteries. The implanted graft was covered with an omental flap. The patient was discharged 39 days after the operation. This procedure may help prevent postoperative graft infection and improve the surgical outcome in mycotic aneurysms.
    EJVES Extra 02/2006; 11(1):13-15.
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic pulmonary thromboembolism is a serious disorder because hypoxemia and pulmonary hypertension progress, finally resulting in respiratory and right-side heart failures. We evaluated the results of surgical treatment in patients in whom circulatory arrest was induced under profound hypothermia. Between 1995 and April 2004, 89 cases were surgically treated. The pathologic condition of these patients was classified as being degree III or greater in the NYHA classification. Following a median sternotomy, profound hypothermia was induced using cardiopulmonary bypass, and pulmonary thromboendarterectomy in the bilateral pulmonary arteries was performed under intermittent circulatory arrest. Of the 89 patients, 4 of 5 who underwent emergent surgery died after postoperatively. Among 84 patients who underwent elective surgery, 7 died of respiratory and cardiac failure. Clinical symptoms were markedly improved by surgery in 73 patients. Because this disease is resistant to medical treatment, pulmonary thromboendarterectomy using intermittent circulatory arrest under profound hypothermia is effective in treating patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension.
    Nippon Geka Gakkai zasshi 04/2005; 106(3):252-7.
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    ABSTRACT: The combination of abdominal aortic aneurysms and congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava and its tributaries, such as double inferior vena cava, left-sided inferior vena cava, circumaortic renal collar, and retroaortic renal vein, are very rare but of clinical importance to vascular surgeons since these conditions can increase the difficulty of aneurysm resection as well as the risk of venous injury and subsequent excessive bleeding. This report describes a case of an abdominal aortic aneurysm with a left-sided inferior vena cava, and reviews of the incidence, diagnosis, and treatment of these conditions.
    International angiology: a journal of the International Union of Angiology 01/2005; 23(4):400-2. · 1.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have reviewed the indications and methods of the surgical treatment for acute pulmonary thromboembolism, and presented our own results. When thrombi are massive and diffuse, or when the patient is in circulatory collapse, thrombectomy under extracorporeal circulation is extremely effective. Such cases require emergency surgery following a rapid diagnosis using echocardiography and CT scans.
    12/2004: pages 47-54;