Chen-Guang Li

Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (17)12.95 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The effect of amygdalin joint hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) on the endplate chondrocytes derived from intervertebral discs of rats induced by IL-1beta and the possible mechanism were studied and explored. Chondrocytes were obtained from endplate of one-month SD rat intervertebral discs and cultured primary endplate chondrocytes. After identification, they were divided into normal group, induced group, amygdalin group, HSYA group and combined group. CCK-8 kit was adopted to detect the proliferation of the endplate chondrocytes. FCM was measured to detect the apoptosis. Real-time PCR method was adopted to observe the mRNA expression of Aggrecan, Col 2 alpha1, Col 10 alpha1, MMP-13 and the inflammatory cytokines IL-1beta. The protein expression of Col II, Col X was tested through immunofluorescence. Compared with the normal group, the proliferation of the endplate chondrocytes decreased while the apoptosis increased (P < 0.05). With down regulation of the mRNA expressions of Aggrecan, Col 2 alpha1 and up regulation of the mRNA expressions of Col 10 alpha1, MMP-13, IL-1beta (P < 0.05), the protein expression of Col II decreased while the protein expression of Col X increased. Compared with the induced group, amygdalin group, HSYA group, the combined group could inhibit the apoptosis and promote the proliferation (P < 0.05). They could increase the mRNA expressions of Aggrecan and Col 2 alpha1 while decrease the mRNA expressions of Col 10 alpha1, MMP-13 and IL-1beta (P < 0.05). They could also enhance the protein expression of Col II while reduce the protein expression of Col X. The effect of the combined group was significantly better than that of amygdalin and HSYA. Amygdalin joint HSYA could inhibit the degeneration of the endplate chondrocytes derived from intervertebral discs of rats induced by IL-1beta and better than the single use of amygdalin or HSYA.
    08/2014; 49(8):1136-42.
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    ABSTRACT: Most chronic low back pain is the result of degeneration of the lumbar intervertebral disc. Ligustrazine, an alkaloid from Chuanxiong, reportedly is able to relieve pain, suppress inflammation, and treat osteoarthritis and it has the protective effect on cartilage and chondrocytes. Therefore, we asked whether ligustrazine could reduce intervertebral disc degeneration. To determine the effect of ligustrazine on disc degeneration, we applied a rat model. The intervertebral disc degeneration of the rats was induced by prolonged upright posture. We found that pretreatment with ligustrazine for 1 month recovered the structural distortion of the degenerative disc; inhibited the expression of type X collagen, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13, and MMP3; upregulated type II collagen; and decreased IL-1 β , cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression. In conclusion, ligustrazine is a promising agent for treating lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration disease.
    Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM. 01/2014; 2014:508461.
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    ABSTRACT: To observe effects of removing arms and ovarian on lumbar intervertebral disc and vertebral bone mineral density (BMD) by establishing rat model of lumbar intervetebral disc degeneration (IDD) with kidney deficiency, and to explore internal mechanism of disc degeneration, relationship between disc degeneration and osteoporosis. Thirty Sprague-Dawley female rats aged one month were randomly divided into control group, lumbar IDD group and lumbar IDD with kidney deficiency group (combined group), 10 rats in each group. Lumbar IDD group removed double arms, lumbar IDD with kidney deficiency group removed double arms after 3 months, both ovaries were removed. Vertebral bone mineral density were observed by Micro-CT scan; morphological changes were tested by safranine O-fast green staining; II, X collagen protein expression in the intervertebral disc were obsevered by immunohistochemistry; extracellular matrix gene expression were obsevered by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), in order to evaluate the effects of removed of forelimbs and double ovarian on degeneration and vertebral bone mineral density of intervertebral disc. Micro-CT scan showed osteoporosis in kidney deficiency group was obviously worse than other two groups; safranine O-fast green staining showed that intervertebral space became narrowed, intervertebral disc tissue degenerated obviously, chondral palte was underdeveloped in kidney deficiency group; immunohistochemistry showed that X collagen expression increased, type II collagen expression decreased in kidney deficiency group; RT-PCR showed that type II collagen expression in lumbar IDD group and kidney deficiency group was lower than control group, and had statistical meaning among three groups (P=0.000, P=0.000); Age 1 in lumbar IDD group and kidney deficiency group was lower than control group, and had statistical meaning among three groups (P=0.000, P= 0.000); while type X collagen expression was higher than control group, but no significant meaning; MMP-13 in lumbar IDD group and kidney deficiency group was higher than control group, with significant meaning compared among three groups (P= 0.000, P=0.000); aggrecanase-2 in lumbar IDD group and kidney deficiency group was higher than control group, with significant meaning compared among three groups (P=0.006, P=0.008). Rats model of lumbar disc degeneration established by removed forelimbs and ovariectomized can occure "bone like"--osteoporosis, which is similar with clinical kidney lumbar disc degeneration in tissue morphology, molecular cell biology expression.
    Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology 12/2013; 26(12):1015-22.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of resveratrol (RV) in reprogramming mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and the related mechanism. Primary MEFs were isolated from E13.5 embryos and used within three passages. Retroviruses expressing Sox2 and Oct4 were produced by transfecting GP2-293t cells with recombinant plasmids murine stem cell virus (MSCV)-Sox2 and MSCV-Oct4. Supernatants containing retroviruses were obtained after 48-hour transfection and MEFs were then infected. Different concentrations (0, 5, 10 and 20 μmol/L) of RV were added to embryonic stem cell (ESC) medium to culture MEFs 48 h post-infection. iPSC clones emerged and were further cultured. Expression of pluripotent markers of iPSCs was identified by cell immunofluorescence and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Both cytotoxicity and cell proliferation were assayed by Western blot analysis after RV was added into ESC medium. The ultrastructure change of mitochondria was observed by electron microscopy. More than 2.9-fold and 1.3-fold increases in colony number were observed by treatment with RV at 5 and 10 μ mol/L, respectively. The reprogramming efficiency was significantly decreased by treatment with 20 μmol/L RV. The proliferation effect on MEFs or MEFs infected by two factors Sox2/Oct4 (2 factors-MEFs, 2F-MEFs) was investigated after RV treatment. At 20 μmol/L RV, induced cell apoptosis and proliferation inhibition were more obvious than those of 5 and 10 μ mol/L treatments. Clones were selected from the 10 μmol/L RV-treated group and cultured. Green fluorescent protein expression from one typical clone was silenced one month later which expressed ESC-associated marker genes Gdf3, Nanog, Ecat1, FGF4 and Foxd3. Electron transmission microscope showed obvious cavitations in mitochondria. The expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α was upregulated when 2F-MEFs were treated with RV compared to the control group. RV improved the efficiency of reprogramming 2F-MEFs into iPSCs at low and moderate concentrations (5 and 10 μmol/L). The effect of 10 μmol/L RV on reprogramming was much greater than that of 5 μmol/L RV. However, high concentration of RV (20 μmol/L) led to more severe cavitations in mitochondria and caused cytotoxic effects. Taken together, these findings suggest that RV mimics hypoxia in cells and promotes reprogramming at a low concentration.
    Journal of integrative medicine. 10/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Both forelimbs of rats were amputated and these rats were kept in the custom-made cages to keep prolonged and repeated upright posture. Changes of bone were observed in the lumbar vertebrae at three different time points after the surgery. To investigate the effect of prolonged and repeated upright posture on the cartilage end plate of rat lumbar vertebrae. Previous studies show calcified hypertrophy is related to mechanical stress, but there are no clear evidences to indicate whether or not long-term and repeated assumption of the upright posture could result in calcified hypertrophy in cartilage end plate of rat lumbar spine. The forelimbs of 30 rats were amputated when they were 1 month old. These rats were kept in the custom-made cages and were forced to stand upright on their hind-limbs and tails to obtain water and food. Normal rats of the same ages kept in regular cages were used as control. The rats were killed at 5, 7, and 9 months after the surgery and lumbar vertebrae samples were harvested for micro-CT, histologic, and immunohistochemical studies. Total RNA isolated from these samples were used for real-time RT-PCR of type X collagen (Col10α1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1). Micro-CT showed increased inner part of cartilage end plate. Histologic revealed peripheral hypertrophy of disc after the surgery. Immunostaining and real-time RT-PCR showed increased protein and mRNA expression of type X collagen, VEGF, and TGF-β1. Prolonged upright posture induces cartilage end plate calcification and hypertrophy in rat lumbar spine.
    Spine 02/2011; 36(24):2011-20. · 2.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Both forelimbs of rats were amputated and these rats were kept in the custom-made cages to keep prolonged and repeated upright posture. Changes of bone were observed in the lumbar vertebrae at three different time points after the surgery. OBJECTIVE.: To investigate the effect of prolonged and repeated upright posture on bone formation of rat lumbar vertebrae. Previous studies show long-term and repeated load-induced bone formation, but there are no clear evidences to indicate whether or not long-term and repeated assumption of the upright posture could result in bone formation at rat lumbar vertebrae. The forelimbs of 30 rats were amputated when they were 1 month old. These rats were kept in the custom-made cages and were forced to stand upright on their hindlimbs and tails to obtain water and food. Normal rats of the same ages kept in regular cages were used as control. The rats were sacrificed at 5, 7, and 9 months after the surgery and lumbar vertebrae samples were harvested for micro-computed tomographic (CT), histological, and immunohistochemical studies. Total RNA isolated from these samples were used for real-time polymerase chain reaction of type I collagen (Col1α2), type X collagen (Col10α1), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and its related nuclear transcript factor runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), as well as the biomarker of angiogenesis and vascular invasion, which is also a prerequisite for endochondral bone formation: vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Micro-CT and histological studies showed increased trabecular bone density and increased osteoblast quantities of lumbar vertebrae after surgery. Immunostaining revealed increased protein expression of type I collagen, type X collagen, TGF-β, and VEGF. Real-time polymerase chain reaction showed upregulated expression of Col1α2, Col10α1, VEGF, TGF-β1, and Runx2 mRNA. Upright posture induces bone acquisition in the rats' lumbar spine, primarily through the mode of the endochondral ossification, which is associated with increased loading, activated VEGF, and TGF-β1 signaling.
    Spine 12/2010; 36(6):E380-7. · 2.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Degeneration of the lumbar spine plays an important role in most chronic low back pain. Prevention of lumbar intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration is therefore a high research priority. Both our previous multicenter clinical trials and pharmacological research showed that Fufangqishe-Pill (FFQSP), a newly patented traditional Chinese medicine, could effectively relieve the symptoms of neck pain and prevent cervical degeneration. To clarify the effect of FFQSP on lumbar IVD degeneration, we applied a lumbar IVD degeneration rat model induced by prolonged upright posture. Pretreatment of FFQSP for one month prevented the histological changes indicating IVD disorganization; increased type II-collagen level, decreased type X-collagen protein level, and increased Col2alpha1 mRNA expression at all time points; and decreased Col10alpha1, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3, MMP13, and Interleukin (IL)-1beta mRNA expression induced by upright posture for 7 and 9 months. These results suggest that FFQSP prevents lumbar IVD degeneration induced by upright posture. FFQSP is a promising medicine for lumbar IVD degeneration disease.
    Journal of Pharmacological Sciences 01/2010; 113(1):23-31. · 2.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pathologic changes were observed in the spine of small mother against decapentaplegic (Smad) 3 mice at different time points. To observe the degeneration of the intervertebral disc (IVD) in Smad3 gene knock-out mice with growth. Smad3 gene knock-out (Smad3) mice displays phenotypes similar to human osteoarthritis. Despite the similarities between IVD cartilage endplate and the articular cartilage, there has been relatively little interest in exploring the possibility that IVD degeneration might be driven by the deficiency of Smad3. The Smad3 mice were killed at the 10th, 30th, and 60th day after their birth and the IVD samples of spine were harvested for histologic and immunohistochemical studies. Total RNA isolated from these samples were used for real-time PCR analysis of type II collagen (Col2alpha1), type X collagen (Col10alpha1), aggrecan, and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1). Compared with the wild-type mice, Smad3 mice appeared significantly smaller in size. Radiograph showed that the spine of Smad3 mice is malformation and kyphosis. Histologic analysis revealed the declined height of cartilage endplate, decreased proteoglycan and collagen content in disc of Smad3 mice. With growth, especially of the 30- and 60-day old Smad3 mice, the protein positive staining of type II collagen, aggrecan, and TGF-beta1 in the disc decreased, while that of type X collagen increased. And the analysis of real-time PCR showed that the mRNA expression of Col2alpha1, aggrecan, and TGF-beta1 decreased, while that of Col10alpha1 increased. Smad3 gene knock-out mice develop IVD degeneration with growth.
    Spine 07/2009; 34(13):1363-9. · 2.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the mechanism of Yiqi Huayu Bushen Recipe (YHBR), a compound traditional Chinese herbal medicine, in treating cervical syndrome (CS) with qi deficiency, blood stasis and kidney deficiency in rats. A total of 30 three-month-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into normal control group, untreated group and YHBR group; there were ten rats in each group. The rat model of cervical syndrome with qi deficiency, blood stasis and kidney deficiency was established by combining disease and syndrome models. After one-month YHBR treatment in YHBR group, all rats were sacrificed. Serum, plasma and cervical intervertebral discs were detected and observed by radio-immunology, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, etc. Compared with those in the normal control group, rats in the untreated group showed obvious signs of deficiency in vital energy, such as tiredness, ptosis, few movement, bluish-purple tongue and tail and weight loss; the weight of uterus and appendages, and the ratio of cyclic adenosine monophosphate/cyclic guanosine monophosphate were decreased; hemorheological parameters and the expression of alpha-granular membrane protein (CD62p) were increased; the content of serum estradiol was decreased. YHBR could improve the above indexes except for the weight of uterus and appendages. HE staining showed annulus fibrosus with cracks, diminish of pulposus nucleus, and decrease in the height of intervertebral disc and the thickness of end-plate in the untreated group; and YHBR could improve the changes of cervical intervertebral discs, but no obvious changes in end-plate. Type II collagen protein (Col2a1)was distributed in every part of the annulus fibrosus in normal control group, but was decreased in untreated group; YHBR could increase Col2a1 expression in annulus fibrosus as compared with the untreated group. The expressions of Col2a1 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) mRNAs were decreased in untreated group as compared with the normal control group (P<0.01); the expressions of Col2a1 and TIMP-1 mRNAs were higher and matrix metalloproteinase-13 mRNA was lower in the YHBR group than those in the untreated group (P<0.05, P<0.01). YHBR may improve the condition of cervical syndrome with qi deficiency, blood stasis and kidney deficiency by regulating immune system, coagulation system and endocrine system, and delay the degeneration of cervical intervertebral disc by regulating extracellular matrix and metalloproteases in intervertebral disc.
    Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine 02/2009; 7(1):53-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To research the action mechanism of Yiqi Huayu Bushen Recipe (YHBR), a compound of traditional Chinese herbal medicine, in treating cervical syndrome (CS) with kidney deficiency in rats. A total of 30 three-month-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into normal control group, CS with kidney deficiency model group (untreated group) and YHBR group, with 10 rats in each group. Rats in the normal control group received no treatment, while rats of the other two groups underwent resection of both cervical muscles and ovaries to establish the model of CS with kidney deficiency. Three months after surgery, rats in the YHBR group were intragastricly administered YHBR for one month. Another one month later, all rats were sacrificed. The content of serum estradiol (E2) was detected by radio-immunoassay; contents of plasma cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) were tested, and the ratio of cAMP/cGMP was also calculated. Hemorheology was detected by Weissenberg's method; expression of alpha-granular membrane protein (CD62p) was detected by flow cytometry; HE staining was used to detect the histopathology of cervical intervertebral disc degeneration; type II collagen protein was detected by immunohistochemistry and aggrecan-1 (Agc1), type II procollagen gene, Col2a1, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) and matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) mRNAs were detected by fluorescent quantization polymerase chain reaction. Compared with the untreated group, rats in the YHBR group showed an obvious increase in serum E2 content (P<0.05), and an increase in plasma cAMP and cGMP content without significant difference; hemorheological parameters and percentage of CD62p expression were significantly decreased in the YHBR group (P<0.05, P<0.01). YHBR could improve the degeneration of cervical intervertebral discs, decrease the Miyamoto scores (P<0.05), and increase the type II collagen. The expressions of Agc1, Col2a1 and TIMP-1 mRNAs were significantly increased and MMP-13 mRNA significantly decreased in YHBR group (P<0.05, P<0.01). YHBR may improve CS with kidney deficiency and delay the degeneration of cervical intervertebral disc by regulating the immune-metabolism system, coagulation system and endocrine system.
    Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine 01/2009; 6(12):1280-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To establish a rat model of cervical syndrome with qi deficiency, blood stasis and kidney deficiency. A total of 30 three-month-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into normal group, cervical syndrome group and cervical syndrome with qi deficiency, blood stasis and kidney deficiency group (combined group), with 10 rats in each group. Rats in the normal group received no treatment, rats in cervical syndrome group underwent resection of cervical muscles and ligaments as unbalanced dynamic and static animal model, and rats in combined group underwent resection of both cervical muscles and ovaries, swimming and irregular diet, and injection of adrenal cortex hormone and adrenaline two and a half months after resection as combined model. The qi deficiency, blood stasis and kidney deficiency were determined by observing behaviors and physical signs of the rats, detecting the contents of plasma cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), the hemorrheology, the expression of alpha-granular membrane protein (CD62p) and the serum estradiol (E(2)) content. The aggrecan-1, type II procollagen gene (Col2a1), matrix metalloproteinases-13 (MMP-13) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) mRNAs in cervical intervertebral discs were detected by histopathology, immunohistochemistry and real-time polymerase chain reaction. The cataplasia of the intervertebral discs was determined by detecting the histopathology, the expressions of type II collagen and type X collegen proteins, and the expressions of aggrecan-1 (Agc1), type II procollagen gene (Col2a1), matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) mRNAs. Compared with those in the normal group and cervical syndrome group, the rats in the combined group were noted with obvious signs of deficiency of vital energy, such as depression, tiredness, ptosis, obvious weight loss and blue tail. And the ratio of cAMP/cGMP was decreased; the reducing viscosity was significantly up-regulated; the expression of CD62p was increased; the content of serum E(2) was decreased; the intervertebral disc structure was destructed; the cervical intervertebral disc was more seriously deteriorated. There exhibited a decrease in type II collagen protein expression, an increase in type X collagen protein expression, as well as decreases of Agc1, Col2a1 and TIMP-1 mRNA expressions in intervertebral disc, and the expression of MMP-13 mRNA was noted an increase. The rat model of cervical syndrome with qi-deficiency, blood stasis and kidney deficiency is established. Qi deficiency, blood stasis and kidney deficiency can aggravate cervical intervertebral disc degeneration.
    Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine 12/2008; 6(11):1152-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To establish a rat model of cervical syndrome (CS) with kidney deficiency. A group of 30 three-month-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into normal control group, CS group and CS with kidney deficiency group (combined group), with 10 rats in each group. Rats in the normal control group received no treatment, rats in the CS group underwent only resection of cervical muscles and ligaments as unbalanced dynamic and static animal model, and rats in combined group underwent resection of both cervical muscles and ovaries as kidney deficiency model. Serum and cervical intervertebral discs were collected. Kidney deficiency was determined by observing the morphologic changes of uterus and appendages, detecting the weight of uterus and appendages and the content of serum estradiol (E(2)). The degeneration of intervertebral discs was determined by detecting the histopathology, the expressions of type II collagen and type X collagen proteins, and the expressions of aggrecan-1 (Agc1), type II procollagen gene (Col2a1), matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) mRNAs. Compared with those in the normal control group and CS group, the rats in the combined group were noted with the uterus atrophied, the caliber of oviduct thinned, the weight of uterus and appendages diminished obviously, the content of serum E(2) decreased, cervical intervertebral disc degenerated more seriously, type II collagen protein expression decreased, type X collagen protein expression increased, Agc1 and Col2a1 mRNA expressions in intervertebral disc decreased, and the MMP-13 mRNA expression increased. The rat model of CS with kidney deficiency is established. Kidney deficiency can aggravate cervical intervertebral disc degeneration.
    Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine 11/2008; 6(10):1034-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Both forelimbs of rats were amputated, and these rats were kept in the custom-made cages that kept the rats in prolonged upright posture. Pathologic changes were observed in the lumbar spine at different time points after the surgery. To investigate the effect of upright posture on intervertebral discs of rat lumbar spine. Previous studies have shown that increased axial forces on the spine can decrease the height of the intervertebral disc, but there are no data to indicate whether or not long-term and repeated assumption of the upright posture could result in degenerative changes. The forelimbs of 30 rats were amputated when they were 1-month old. These rats were kept in the custom-made cages and were forced to stand upright on their hind-limbs and tails to obtain water and food. Normal rats of the same ages kept in regular cages were used as control. The rats were killed at 5, 7, and 9 months after the surgery, and the intervertebral discs samples of lumbar spine were harvested for histologic and immunohistochemical studies. Total RNA isolated from these samples was used for real-time PCR of type II collagen (Col2alpha1), type X collagen (Col10alpha1), matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13), aggrecan, and disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs 5 (ADAMTS-5). RESULTS.: Histologic analysis showed degenerative changes of the intervertebral discs after surgery such as disordered collagen structure of endplate cartilage, fragmentation of annulus fibrosus, and decreased height of disc. Immunostaining revealed decreased protein level of type II collagen and increased protein expression of type X collagen. Real-time PCR showed upregulated expression of MMP 13, ADAMTS-5, and Col10alpha1 mRNA and downregulated mRNA expression of Col2alpha1 and aggrecan. Long-term and repeated assumption of the upright stance accelerates disc degeneration in rats.
    Spine 10/2008; 33(19):2052-8. · 2.16 Impact Factor
  • Qi Shi, Yong-Jun Wang, Chen-Guang Li
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effects of Yiqi Huayu Bushen Recipe (YHBR) and its disassembled recipes on mRNA expressions of collagen I, III, X, matrix metalloproteinase (MMPs) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP) in extracellular matrix of cervical disc in model rats of cervical vertebral disc degeneration. The mRNA expressions of collagens, MMP-13 and TIMP-1 were detected by RT-PCR. The strips were scanned by gel imaging system scanner, and the optical density was autocalculated by computer. Compared with those of the sham-operative group, the mRNA expressions of collagen I , Ill and X and MMP-13 of the model rats increased markedly (P < 0.01), which were lowered by YHBR and its disassembled recipes (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05), and the levels after YHBR treatment were significantly different to those after Western medicine treatment. However, no remarkable change was found in TIMP-1 mRNA expression in the model rats (P > 0.05). In the degenerated intervertebral disc the mRNA expressions of collagen I , III, X and MMP-13 increased, TIMP-1 mRNA expression decreased and the proportion of MMPs/TIMP was in imbalance. YHBR and its disassembled recipes could postpone the degeneration of intervertebral disc through regulating mRNA expressions of collagens and their correlated metabolic enzymes.
    Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he za zhi Zhongguo Zhongxiyi jiehe zazhi = Chinese journal of integrated traditional and Western medicine / Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he xue hui, Zhongguo Zhong yi yan jiu yuan zhu ban 02/2007; 27(2):142-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To make an animal model of cervical spondylosis (arthralgia syndrome type) with stimulation of wind, cold, and dampness. Twenty-four 8 months old male New Zealand white rabbits were randomly allocated into four groups: normal control group, light stimulation group, moderate stimulation group and severe stimulation group. The wind speed was 10.8-13.8 m/s, the temperature was (5+/-0.5)degrees centigrade, and the humidity was 100%. The rabbits of light, moderate, and severe stimulation groups were kept in the above-mentioned environments for 4 hours everyday, and for a total of 32, 64, and 128 hours, respectively. The intervertebral discs were stained with HE method, and observed with a light microscope. Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), 6-ketone-prostaglandin F1alpha (6-K-PGF(1alpha)) and thromboxane B(2) (TXB(2)) contents were measured by ELISA. Fas and Bcl-2 expressions were examined by immunohistochemical avidin-biotin peroxidose complex technique. Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) mRNA expressions were examined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The nucleus pulposus of rabbits in the light and moderate stimulation groups shrunken, and in the severe stimulation group, the anulus fibrosus loosed or ruptured, and the cartilage end-plate became proliferated. Compared with rabbits in the normal control group, the PGE(2) content rose in the light stimulation group, the contents of PGE(2), 6-K-PGF(1alpha), and TXB(2) increased, the expressions of IL-1beta and TNF-alpha mRNAs and Fas were up-regulated, and the expressions of TGF-beta mRNA and Bcl-2 were down-regulated in the moderate and severe stimulation groups. The expression of Fas was up-regulated mostly and Bcl-2 was down-regulated mostly in the severe group. Moderate and severe stimulations of wind, cold and dampness can lead to degeneration of cervical intervertebral discs of rabbits. The model corresponds to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine about arthralgia syndrome caused by wind, cold and dampness.
    Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine 02/2007; 5(1):39-44.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the gene expression changes in the degenerated cervical intervertebral discs of rats, and to study the function of Yiqi Huayu Bushen Recipe, a compound Chinese herbal medicine, and its discomposed formulas in regulating gene expressions in the degenerated cervical intervertebral discs. The rat model with degenerated cervical intervertebral discs caused by imbalance between the dynamic and static forces was established. The mRNA was extracted from the cervical intervertebral discs of rats in the normal control and experiment groups, and the cDNA probes were obtained by inverse transcript. The cDNA probes were hybridized with the gene chips. The gene expression pattern was gained with a laser scanner. Image analysis, standardized ratio value and cluster analysis were used to investigate the differential of gene expressions between the control and experiment groups. Cluster analysis showed that the gene chips of No.1 (Yiqi Huayu group), No.2 (Yiqi Bushen group) and No.3 (Huayu Bushen group) were in one class, while the gene chips of No.4 (untreated group) and No.5 (Yiqi Huayu Bushen group) were in the other. The gene expression of No.4 was different from the others mostly, and the gene expressions of No.2 and No.3 were similar. There were 96 genes expressed differently in three cases and among them 77 genes were already known and the expression of 48 genes were up-regulated (ratio>1.0), and 29 down-regulated (ratio<0.5). There were 25 genes expressed differently between the untreated group and the herb-treated groups. The gene expressions of the degenerated rat intervertebral discs are changed. Yiqi Huayu Bushen Recipe and its discomposed formulas have the effect of regulating the expressions of related genes, such as PI(3)K, PTK, ERK3, and PH1B1.
    Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine 12/2006; 4(6):615-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Establishment of a novel in vivo animal model of cervical spondylosis. To investigate apoptotic, degenerative, and inflammatory changes occurring in the cervical intervertebral discs of rats. Cervical degeneration occurs as the result of imbalance of both static and dynamic spinal stabilizers. The disc degeneration that occurs is characterized by increased local inflammation and increased apoptosis of intervertebral disc cells. By excising the paraspinal musculature and posterior cervical spinal ligaments of rats, both static and dynamic cervical stabilizers were disrupted. The resultant biomechanical imbalance resulted in biochemical and histologic changes, which were characterized by light microscopy, electron microscopy, immunostaining, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, polymerase chain reaction, and in situ hybridization. Histologic analysis showed characteristic degenerative changes of the intervertebral discs and vertebral endplates following surgery. Ultrastructural examination revealed apoptotic changes, which were verified by immunostaining. Instability also resulted in significant up-regulation of inflammatory factors, as shown by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, polymerase chain reaction, and in situ hybridization. By creating static and dynamic posterior instability of the cervical spine, this novel model of cervical spondylosis results in rapid intervertebral disc degeneration characterized by increased apoptosis and local inflammation, such as that seen clinically.
    Spine 07/2006; 31(14):1532-8. · 2.16 Impact Factor