Agnes Zsofia Kovacs

Semmelweis University, Budapeŝto, Budapest, Hungary

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Publications (6)24.57 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Kidney transplantation is believed to improve health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT). Recent studies suggested that the observed difference in HRQoL between kidney transplant recipients (Tx) vs patients treated with dialysis may reflect differences in patient characteristics. We tested if Tx patients have better HRQoL compared to waitlisted (WL) patients treated with dialysis after extensive adjustment for covariables. Eight hundred and eighty-eight prevalent Tx patients followed at a single outpatient transplant clinic and 187 WL patients treated with maintenance dialysis in nine dialysis centres were enrolled in this observational cross-sectional study. Data about socio-demographic and clinical parameters, self-reported depressive symptoms and the most frequent sleep disorders assessed by self-reported questionnaires were collected at enrollment. HRQoL was assessed by the Kidney Disease Quality of Life Questionnaire. Patient characteristics were similar in the Tx vs WL groups: the proportion of males (58 vs 60%), mean ± SD age (49 ± 13 vs 49 ± 12) and proportion of diabetics (17 vs 18%), respectively, were all similar. Tx patients had significantly better HRQoL scores compared to the WL group both in generic (Physical function, General health perceptions, Energy/fatigue, Emotional well-being) and in kidney disease-specific domains (Symptoms/problems, Effect- and Burden of kidney disease and Sleep). In multivariate regression models adjusting for clinical and socio-demographic characteristics, sleep disorders and depressive symptoms, the modality of RRT (WL vs Tx) remained independently associated with three (General health perceptions, Effect- and Burden of kidney disease) out of the eight HRQoL dimensions analysed. Kidney Tx recipients have significantly better HRQoL compared to WL dialysis patients in some, but not all, dimensions of quality of life after accounting for differences in patient characteristics. Utilizing multidimensional disease-specific questionnaires will allow better understanding of treatment, disease and patient-related factors potentially affecting quality of life in patients with chronic medical conditions.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 03/2011; 26(3):1058-65. DOI:10.1093/ndt/gfq476 · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze in a prospective cohort study if depressive symptoms are an independent predictor of mortality in kidney transplant recipients. Data from 840 transplanted patients followed at a single outpatient transplant center were analyzed. Sociodemographic parameters and clinical data were collected at enrollment (between August 2002 and February 2003). Participants completed the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale. Depression was defined as CES-D score of > or = 18. Data on 5-year outcomes (death censored graft loss or mortality) were collected. The prevalence of depression was 22%. Mortality was higher (21% versus 13%; p = .004) in patients with versus without depression. In a multivariate Cox proportional hazard model, both the baseline CES-D score (hazard ratio(for each 1-point increase) = 1.02; 95% confidence interval, 1.00-1.04) and the presence of depression at baseline (hazard ratio(presence) = 1.66; 95% confidence interval, 1.12-2.47) were significantly associated with mortality. The baseline CES-D score also significantly predicted death censored graft loss (hazard ratio(for each 1-point increase) = 1.03; 95% confidence interval, 1.01-1.05). Depressive symptoms are an independent predictor of mortality in kidney transplanted patients.
    Psychosomatic Medicine 07/2010; 72(6):527-34. DOI:10.1097/PSY.0b013e3181dbbb7d · 4.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Depression is associated with impaired quality of life and increased morbidity and mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease. Little is known about the prevalence and correlates of depression in kidney transplant recipients. In this study, we aimed to compare depressive symptoms between kidney transplant recipients and wait-listed dialysis patients and identify the correlates of depressive symptoms in the transplant recipient population. Observational cross-sectional study using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) to assess the severity of depressive symptoms. A cutoff score of 18 was used to identify the presence of depression. 1,067 kidney transplant recipients and 214 wait-listed dialysis patients were asked to participate; the final analysis included 854 kidney transplant and 176 wait-listed dialysis patients, respectively. Sociodemographic and clinical variables. Severity of depressive symptoms and presence of depression (CES-D score > or = 18). The prevalence of depression was 33% versus 22% in wait-listed versus transplant patients, respectively (P = 0.002). In multivariate regression, number of comorbid conditions, estimated glomerular filtration rate, perceived financial situation, and marital status were significant and independent predictors of depression in the transplant recipient group. Treatment modality was associated significantly with the presence of depression, even after adjustment for clinical and sociodemographic variables (OR, 2.01; 95% CI, 1.25-3.23; P = 0.004). Self-reported measurement of depressive symptoms. The prevalence of depression is lower in transplant recipients than in wait-listed patients. However, one-fifth of transplant patients are still at high risk of clinically significant depression. Comorbid conditions, socioeconomic status, and treatment modality predicted depressive symptoms in patients with end-stage renal disease.
    American Journal of Kidney Diseases 11/2009; 55(1):132-40. DOI:10.1053/j.ajkd.2009.09.022 · 5.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is frequently associated with other chronic medical conditions. Adjusting for potential confounding factors that are associated with the outcome of interest is important both in clinical research and in everyday clinical practice. Comorbidity is such an important co-variable that it is reported to predict different outcomes in patients with ESRD. Health related quality of life (HRQoL) has increasingly been recognized as an important aspect of health care delivery, measure of effectiveness and patient experience, in chronic medical conditions. The progressively older ESRD patient population of industrialized countries is significantly debilitated by the burden of disease and also by the intrusiveness of renal replacement therapies. For these patients simply prolonging life is not enough. Little information has been published about the association of comorbidity and HRQoL. The aim of this review is to summarize the significance of comorbidity in patients with ESRD, with a special focus on the complex relationship between comorbidity and HRQoL. Several frequently used instruments will be described and the current literature, that compared the relative utility and accuracy of these tools, will be reviewed. Finally, the impact of selected medical conditions on HRQoL of patients with end-stage renal disease will be demonstrated.
    Journal of nephrology 01/2008; 21 Suppl 13:S84-91. · 2.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies showed an association between the presence of restless legs syndrome (RLS) and mortality in patients on dialysis therapy. An association between RLS and cardiovascular risk also was reported in the general population. However, no prospective study to date assessed the association between the presence of RLS and mortality in kidney transplant recipients. In a prospective cohort study (Transplantation and Quality of Life-Hungary Study), we tested the hypothesis that the presence of RLS predicts mortality in transplant recipients. Prospective cohort study was performed. 804 kidney transplant recipients followed up at a single outpatient transplant center were enrolled in the study. Sociodemographic parameters, laboratory data, and medical history were collected at baseline. Data for 4-year outcomes were collected prospectively from patient charts. Presence of RLS assessed using the RLS Questionnaire. We defined 3 primary outcomes: mortality with functioning graft, return to dialysis therapy, and the combined outcome of these 2. Mean age was 49 +/- 13 years, estimated glomerular filtration rate was 49 +/- 19 mL/min/1.73 m(2), and median time after transplantation was 54 months. During the 4 years, 97 patients died and 63 patients returned to dialysis therapy. Mortality at 4 years was significantly greater in patients who had RLS at baseline: univariate hazard ratio for the presence of RLS was 2.53 (95% confidence interval, 1.31 to 4.87). In multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis, the presence of RLS significantly predicted mortality (hazard ratio, 2.02; 95% confidence interval, 1.03 to 3.95) after adjustment for several covariables. The RLS Questionnaire was not validated in transplant recipients. We lacked information for key variables, including HLA mismatch, panel reactive antibodies, cold ischemic time, acute rejection episodes, viral infections, smoking status, and dyslipidemia. RLS, a potentially treatable disease, is a significant risk factor for mortality in kidney transplant recipients.
    American Journal of Kidney Diseases 11/2007; 50(5):813-20. DOI:10.1053/j.ajkd.2007.08.003 · 5.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In a cross-sectional study, we analysed the complex relationship between restless legs syndrome (RLS), insomnia and specific insomnia symptoms and health-related quality of life (QoL) in patients on maintenance dialysis. Data were obtained from 333 patients on chronic maintenance dialysis. To assess the prevalence of RLS, we used the RLS Questionnaire (RLSQ). The Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS) was used to assess insomnia and QoL was measured with the Kidney Disease Quality-of-Life Questionnaire. The prevalence of RLS was 14%. The number of comorbid conditions was significantly higher in patients with vs without RLS (median: three vs two; P<0.05). RLS patients were twice as likely to have significant insomnia as patients without RLS (35% vs 16%; P<0.05). Furthermore, RLS was associated with impaired overall sleep quality (median AIS score: 8 vs 4; P<0.01) and poorer QoL. RLS was a significant and independent predictor of several of the QoL domains after statistical adjustment for clinical and socio-demographic covariables. Importantly, this association remained significant even after adjusting for sleep quality. RLS is associated with poor sleep, increased odds for insomnia and impaired QoL in patients on maintenance dialysis. Based on the present results, we suggest that both sleep-related and sleep-independent factors may confer the effect of RLS on QoL.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 04/2005; 20(3):571-7. DOI:10.1093/ndt/gfh654 · 3.49 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

210 Citations
24.57 Total Impact Points

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  • 2005–2011
    • Semmelweis University
      • Institute of Behavioural Sciences
      Budapeŝto, Budapest, Hungary