Yutaka Takashima

Showa University, Shinagawa, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (45)89.56 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Longevity-associated mitochondrial DNA 5178 (Mt5178) C/A reportedly modulates the effects of coffee consumption on the risk of hypertension, dyslipidemia and abnormal glucose tolerance, and those of alcohol consumption on the risk of hypertension, dyslipidemia and hyperuricemia in middle-aged Japanese men. However, there has been no research examining whether Mt5178 C/A polymorphism influences the effects of coffee consumption or alcohol consumption on the clustering of cardiovascular risk factors (CRFs). A total of 332 male subjects (mean age +/- SD, 52.8 +/- 7.8 years) were selected from among individuals visiting the hospital for regular medical check-ups. After Mt5178 C/A genotyping, a cross-sectional study assessing the joint effects of Mt5178 C/A polymorphism and coffee consumption or alcohol consumption on the clustering of CRFs, namely hypertension, abnormal glucose tolerance, hyper-low-density lipoprotein cholesterolemia, hypo-high density lipoprotein cholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia and hyperuricemia, was then conducted. After adjustment for confounding factors, significant and negative associations were observed between coffee consumption and clustering of >=2 CRFs in subjects with Mt5178C. The adjusted odds ratio (OR) for the clustering of >=2 or >=3 CRFs was significantly lower in subjects who consumed 1--3 cups of coffee per day than in those who consumed <1 cup of coffee per day (OR = 0.496, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.249--0.989, and OR = 0.369, 95% CI: 0.165--0.826, respectively). On the other hand, after adjustment, positive associations between coffee consumption and clustering of >=2 CRFs were observed in subjects with Mt5178A. However, these associations did not reach a significant level. For Mt5178C genotypic men, the adjusted OR for the clustering of >=2 or >=3 CRFs was significantly higher in daily drinkers than in occasional drinkers (OR = 2.737, 95% CI: 1.361--5.502, and OR = 3.024, 95% CI: 1.269--7.210, respectively). On the other hand, the association between Mt5178A genotype and the clustering of >=2 or >=3 CRFs did not appear to depend on alcohol consumption. The present results suggest that Mt5178 C/A polymorphism modifies the effects of coffee consumption or alcohol consumption on the clustering of CRFs in middle-aged Japanese men.
    Journal of diabetes and metabolic disorders. 01/2014; 13(1):4.
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    ABSTRACT: Mitochondrial DNA 5178 cytosine/adenosine (Mt5178 C/A) polymorphism is associated with longevity in the Japanese. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether Mt5178 C/A polymorphism modifies the effects of habitual smoking or habitual drinking on serum non-high-density lipoprotein (non-HDL) cholesterol levels in middle-aged Japanese men. A total of 394 male subjects (age 53.9 +/- 7.9 years; mean +/- SD) were selected from among individuals visiting the hospital for regular medical check-ups. After Mt5178 C/A genotyping, a cross-sectional study assessing the joint effects of Mt5178 C/A polymorphism and cigarette smoking or alcohol drinking on serum non-HDL cholesterol levels was conducted. High levels of serum non-HDL cholesterol were defined as serum non-HDL cholesterol levels >=160 mg/dl or >=190 mg/dl. For men with Mt5178A, cigarette smoking may increase serum non-HDL cholesterol levels (P for trend < 0.001), as well as the risk of high levels of non-HDL cholesterol (serum non-HDL cholesterol levels >=160 mg/dl, P for trend < 0.001; serum non-HDL cholesterol levels >=190 mg/dl, P for trend = 0.004). On the other hand, for men with Mt5178C, after adjusting for age and body mass index, alcohol consumption may decrease serum non-HDL cholesterol levels (P for trend = 0.043) and the risk of high levels of non-HDL cholesterol (serum non-HDL cholesterol level >=160 mg/dl, P for trend = 0.005). These gene-environment interactions on serum non-HDL cholesterol levels may contribute to the establishment of individualized prevention of the risk of high levels of serum non-HDL cholesterol.
    Journal of PHYSIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 01/2014; 33(1):1. · 0.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: NADH dehydrogenase subunit-2 237 leucine/methionine (ND2-237 Leu/Met) polymorphism reportedly influences the effects of cigarette smoking on respiratory function, risk of dyslipidemia, serum non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, hematological parameters and intraocular pressure. The objective of this study was to investigate whether ND2-237 Leu/Met polymorphism modifies the effects of cigarette smoking on serum liver enzyme levels in male Japanese health check-up examinees.
    Tobacco Induced Diseases 01/2014; 12(1):11.
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    ABSTRACT: NADH dehydrogenase subunit-2 237 leucine/methionine (ND2-237 Leu/Met) polymorphism is associated with longevity in Japanese. A previous study has shown that ND2-237 Leu/Met polymorphism modulates the effects of green tea consumption on risk of hypertension. For men with ND2-237Leu, habitual green tea consumption may reduce the risk of hypertension. Moreover, there is a combined effect of ND2-237 Leu/Met polymorphism and alcohol consumption on risk of mildly decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (<90 ml/min/1.73 m2). Several beneficial effects of green tea on the kidney have been reported. The objective of this study was to investigate whether ND2-237 Leu/Met polymorphism modifies the effects of green tea consumption on risk of mildly decreased eGFR in male Japanese health check-up examinees. For ND2-237Leu genotypic men, after adjustment for confounding factors, green tea consumption may increase the risk of mildly decreased eGFR (P for trend = 0.016). The adjusted odds ratio (OR) for mildly decreased eGFR was significantly higher in subjects with ND2-237Leu who consume >=6 cups of green tea per day than those who consume <=1 cup of green tea per day (adjusted OR = 5.647, 95 % confidence interval: 1.528-20.88, P = 0.009). On the other hand, for ND2-237Met genotypic men, green tea consumption does not appear to determine the risk of mildly decreased eGFR. The present results suggest that ND2-237 Leu/Met polymorphism unexpectedly modifies the effects of green tea consumption on eGFR and the risk of mildly decreased eGFR in male Japanese subjects.
    Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine 11/2013; 12(1):17. · 1.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prevention of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major public health issue. Although several studies have been performed on the association between alcohol consumption and CKD or renal function, it remains controversial. Numerous genetic polymorphisms have been reported to be associated with CKD and kidney function. Mitochondrial DNA cytosine/adenine (Mt5178 C/A) polymorphism is associated with longevity in Japanese. This polymorphism modifies the effects of alcohol consumption on blood pressure, risk of hypertension, serum triglyceride levels, risk of hyper-LDL cholesterolemia and serum uric acid levels. The objective of this study was to investigate whether Mt5178 C/A polymorphism modifies the effects of alcohol consumption on renal function in male Japanese health check-up examinees. A total of 394 male subjects aged 29-76 years were selected from among individuals visiting the hospital for regular medical check-ups. After Mt5178 C/A genotyping, a cross-sectional study assessing the combined effects of Mt5178 C/A polymorphism and habitual drinking on the risk of mildly decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (<90 ml/min/1.73 m2) was conducted. For Mt5178A genotypic men, habitual drinking may increase eGFR (P for trend = 0.003) or reduce the risk of mildly decreased eGFR (P for trend = 0.003). Daily drinkers had a significantly higher eGFR than non-drinkers (P = 0.005). The crude odds ratio for decreased eGFR was significantly lower in daily drinkers than in non-drinkers (odds ratio = 0.092, 95% confidence interval: 0.012-0.727, P = 0.024). On the other hand, for Mt5178C genotypic men, habitual drinking does not appear to affect eGFR. The present results suggest a joint effect of Mt5178 C/A polymorphism and alcohol consumption on eGFR and the risk of mildly decreased eGFR in male Japanese subjects.
    BMC Nephrology 01/2013; 14:35. · 1.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Several genetic polymorphisms have been reported to modify the effects of smoking on serum lipid levels. The objective of this study was to investigate whether longevity-associated mitochondrial DNA 5178 (Mt5178) C/A polymorphism modifies the effects of habitual smoking on the risk of dyslipidemia in middle-aged Japanese subjects. A total of 394 male subjects (age, 53.9 ± 7.9 years; mean ± SD) were selected from among individuals visiting the hospital for regular medical check-ups. After Mt5178 C/A genotyping, a cross-sectional study assessing the joint effect of Mt5178 C/A polymorphism and cigarette smoking on the risk of hypo-high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterolemia, hyper-low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterolemia or hypertriglyceridemia was conducted. For subjects with Mt5178C, the risk of hypo-HDL cholesterolemia increased with the number of cigarettes smoked daily (P for trend = 0.001). On the other hand, the association between Mt5178A genotype and the risk of hypo-HDL cholesterolemia did not appear to depend on the number of cigarettes smoked daily. For those with Mt5178A, the risk of hyper-LDL cholesterolemia or hypertriglyceridemia increased with cigarettes smoked daily (P for trend = 0.017 and P for trend = 0.002, respectively). However, the association between Mt5178C genotype and the risk of hyper-LDL cholesterolemia or hypertriglyceridemia did not depend on the number of cigarettes smoked daily. The present results suggest that Mt5178 C/A polymorphism modulates the effects of habitual smoking on the risk of dyslipidemia in middle-aged Japanese men.
    Lipids in Health and Disease 08/2012; 11:97. · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Mitochondrial DNA 5178 cytosine/adenine (Mt5178C/A) polymorphism is reported to be associated with longevity and to modify the effects of alcohol consumption or coffee consumption on the risk of hypertension in the Japanese population. The objective of this study was to investigate whether Mt5178C/A polymorphism modifies the effects of green tea consumption on blood pressure or risk of hypertension in middle-aged Japanese men. A total of 394 male subjects (age, 53.9 ± 7.9 years; mean ± SD) was selected among individuals visiting the hospital for regular medical check-ups. Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥140 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥90 mmHg, and/or undergoing antihypertensive drug treatment. After adjustment, irrespective of antihypertensive drug treatment, the association between Mt5178C genotype and hypertension was dependent on green tea consumption (P for trend = 0.043 and P for trend = 0.011, respectively). In particular, among subjects ≥50 years old with Mt5178C, excluding those taking antihypertensive drugs, a significant association between green tea consumption and risk of hypertension was observed (P for trend = 0.019), and the odds ratio for hypertension was significantly lower in those who consumed ≥6 cups of green tea per day than in those who consumed ≤1 cup per day (odds ratio = 0.167, 95% confidence interval: 0.033-0.832). On the other hand, the association between Mt5178A genotype and hypertension did not depend on green tea consumption. No consistent association between green tea consumption and blood pressure was observed in either genotype. The present results suggest a joint effect for Mt5178C/A polymorphism and green tea consumption on the risk of hypertension in middle-aged Japanese men.
    Human Biology 06/2012; 84(3):307-18. · 1.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Combined effects between mitochondrial DNA 5178 (Mt5178) C/A polymorphism and alcohol consumption on the risk of hypertension or hyperuricemia have been reported. The objective of this study was to investigate whether Mt5178 C/A polymorphism modulates the effects of alcohol consumption on the risk of dyslipidemia. A total of 394 male subjects were selected from among individuals visiting the hospital for regular medical check-ups. After Mt5178 C/A genotyping, a cross-sectional study assessing the combined effect of Mt5178 polymorphism and alcohol consumption on the risk of dyslipidemia was conducted. For men with Mt5178C, alcohol consumption was significantly and negatively associated with the risk of hyper-low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterolemia (serum LDL cholesterol ≥ 140 mg/dl) (P for trend = 0.015). After adjustment for age, body mass index (BMI), habitual smoking, coffee consumption and use of antihypertensive medicine, the odds ratio (OR) for hyper-LDL cholesterolemia was significantly lower in daily drinkers with Mt5178C than non-drinkers with Mt5178C (OR = 0.360, 95% confidence intervals: 0.153-0.847). A significant and negative association between alcohol consumption and serum LDL cholesterol levels was also observed in Mt5178C genotypic men (P for trend < 0.01). On the other hand, the association between Mt5178A genotype and risk of hyper-LDL cholesterolemia does not appear to depend on alcohol consumption. For Mt5178C genotypic men, alcohol consumption may reduce the risk of hyper-LDL cholesterolemia.
    Lipids in Health and Disease 06/2011; 10:105. · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to investigate whether the mitochondrial DNA 5178 cytosine/adenine (Mt5178 C/A) polymorphism modifies the effects of coffee consumption on serum lipid levels and the risk of dyslipidemia in middle-aged Japanese men. A total of 397 male subjects (age, 53.9±7.8 years; mean±s.d.) were selected from among individuals visiting the hospital for regular medical check-ups. After adjustment for age, body mass index, habitual alcohol consumption, habitual smoking and use of antihypertensive medication, among subjects who consumed <1 cup of coffee per day, the odds ratio (OR) for hyper-low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterolemia (serum LDL cholesterol > or =140 mg per 100 ml) was significantly lower in those with Mt5178A than in those with Mt5178C (OR=0.378, 95% confidence interval: 0.153-0.919). After adjustment, the association between the Mt5178A genotype and hyper-LDL cholesterolemia depended on coffee consumption (P for trend=0.018). Coffee consumption was positively associated with serum LDL cholesterol levels only in subjects with Mt5178A. However, in subjects with Mt5178C, serum LDL cholesterol level or risk of hyper-LDL cholesterolemia did not seem to depend on coffee consumption. These results suggest that for men with Mt5178A, coffee consumption negates the genetic benefit of lower risk for hyper-LDL cholesterolemia.
    Journal of Human Genetics 09/2010; 55(9):577-81. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) dehydrogenase subunit 2 237 leucine/methionine (ND2-237 Leu/Met) polymorphism, is reportedly associated with longevity in the Japanese population. The ND2-237Met genotype may exert resistance to atherogenic diseases, such as myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular disorders. To investigate whether ND2-237 Leu/Met polymorphism is associated with yearly changes in serum lipid levels, we conducted a longitudinal study of 107 healthy Japanese male subjects. Analysis of covariance revealed that the interaction between the ND2-237 Leu/Met genotypes and habitual drinking was significantly associated with yearly changes in serum total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC) levels (p=0.036 and p=0.006, respectively). In multiple regression analysis, daily drinking was significantly and positively associated with yearly changes in serum LDLC levels in men with ND2-237Met (p=0.026). After adjusting for covariates, yearly changes in serum LDLC levels were significantly lower in non-daily drinkers with ND2-237Met than in those with ND2-237Leu (p=0.047). These results suggest that ND2-237Met has a beneficial impact on yearly changes in serum LDLC in non-daily drinkers but not in daily drinkers.
    Acta medica Okayama 12/2009; 63(6):331-8. · 0.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Habitual coffee consumption has been reported to lower blood pressure in the Japanese population. The NADH dehydrogenase subunit-2 237 leucine/methionine (ND2-237 Leu/Met) polymorphism is associated with longevity and modifies the effects of alcohol consumption on blood pressure in the Japanese population. The objective of this study was to determine whether this polymorphism also modifies the effects of coffee consumption on blood pressure or the risk of hypertension in middle-aged Japanese men. A total of 398 men (mean age +/- standard deviation, 53.8 +/- 7.8 years) were selected from among individuals visiting the hospital for regular medical check-ups. Hypertension was defined as a systolic blood pressure > or =140 mm Hg, diastolic blood pressure > or =90 mm Hg, or antihypertensive drug treatment. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism using the restriction enzyme AluI was performed to determine ND2-237 Leu/Met genotype. In subjects with ND2-237Leu, coffee consumption was significantly and negatively associated with diastolic blood pressure (P = 0.007). The odds ratio (OR) for hypertension was significantly lower in subjects with ND2-237Leu who consumed 2 or 3 cups of coffee per day than in those who consumed less than 1 cup of coffee per day (OR, 0.517; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.276 to 0.968; P = 0.039). After adjustment, the OR remained significant (OR = 0.399; 95% CI, 0.184 to 0.869; P = 0.020). Moreover, after adjustment, the OR was significantly lower in subjects with ND2-237Leu who consumed more than 4 cups of coffee per day than in those who consumed less than 1 cup of coffee per day (OR, 0.246; 95% CI, 0.062 to 0.975; P = 0.046). However, the association between ND2-237Met genotype and hypertension did not depend on coffee consumption. The present results suggest that the ND2-237 Leu/Met polymorphism modulates the effects of coffee consumption on hypertension risk in middle-aged Japanese men.
    Journal of Epidemiology 09/2009; 19(5):231-6. · 2.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the determinants of serum total homocysteine level (tHcy) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) according to sex. A total of 1,276 Japanese, diabetics (n = 280) with a control group of non-diabetics (n = 996), were enrolled into the study from 2003 to 2005. This cross-sectional study was conducted for all the subjects, using personal data regarding clinical characteristics and lifestyle. Multiple regression analysis was performed to analyze the association of tHcy with selected factors. In diabetic subjects, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and serum creatinine levels (Cre), even those within the normal range, were strongly associated with tHcy after adjustment in both sexes; the standardized partial regression coefficient of eGFR for tHcy was -0.251, (p = 0.001) in diabetic men and -0.523, (p < 0.001) in diabetic women. Furthermore, the eGFR of the diabetics, except patients with nephropathy, also had significant association with tHcy in both sexes. Fasting plasma glucose levels and serum triglyceride levels were strongly associated with tHcy in diabetic men only. HbA1c was also associated with tHcy in diabetic men only, though not as significantly. Age and presence of hypertension were significantly associated with tHcy in women. This study suggests that there are some differences in the factors associated with tHcy between diabetics and non-diabetics, and between the sexes. There is, therefore, circumstantial evidence that elevated tHcy should be evaluated clinically. Because tHcy was strongly associated with eGFR and Cre, even within the normal ranges, tHcy may have important implications regarding the microangiopathy of the kidney and atherosclerosis.
    Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 06/2008; 13(3):148-55.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to evaluate the occupational health of Japanese physicians in emergency medicine. Subjects participating in this study were eighty-nine physicians working at 12 medical facilities (10 critical care emergency centers) in Japan. Participants were asked to complete a questionnaire of work conditions and to provide blood samples for immune variable measurements (CD4, CD8, CD56 and natural killer cell (NK cell) activity) before commencing their work. The data collected from seventy-four of 89 participating physicians were analyzed. The traditional work group comprised of 39 emergency physicians, who were significantly overworked compared to other two groups: the shift work group and the day work group. Among these three groups, no immune variable was significantly different except lymphocyte, number of CD4, and NK cell activity; and the NK cell activity of the shift work group was significantly lower than those of the traditional work group (p<0.01) and the day work group (p<0.01) in terms of Bonferroni's multiple comparison, probably due to circadian rhythm. It was indicated that NK cell activity was significantly lower in samples collected at night versus in the morning (OR=8.34, 95%CI: 1.95-35.6, p<0.01) through multiple logistic regression analyses. NK cell activity was significantly lower in individuals taking 0-3 days off per month, as compared to those taking 4 or more days off (OR=4.65, 95%CI: 1.27-17.0, p=0.02), according to multiple logistic regression analyses. Therefore, the low NK cell activity appears to have reflected the extent of fatigue arising from physicians' overwork. Overwork would have been a potential risk for the physicians' health, resulting in a lower quality of Japanese emergency medical services than that which could have been achieved otherwise. This study suggests that it would be better for the Japanese emergency physicians to take 4 or more days off per month for their health and the quality of their services.
    Journal of Occupational Health 04/2008; 50(2):136-46. · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In Western countries, many epidemiological studies have demonstrated that specific dietary nutrients are associated with the risk of developing age-related cataracts. These reports have suggested that dietary antioxidant vitamins, in particular vitamin C, can play a role in preventing the onset or progression of age-related visual impairment. However, few prospective studies have examined this relationship in a general Asian population. Therefore, in this study, we investigated whether dietary vitamin C was associated with a lower incidence of age-related cataracts by performing a 5-year prospective population-based analysis using data from a cohort of over 30,000 Japanese residents recruited to the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study (JPHC Study) cohort I. We carried out a prospective analysis of the association between vitamin C intake and age-related cataracts among middle-aged Japanese, to study the effects of dietary antioxidants in an Asian population. This 5-year population-based study included 16,415 men and 18,771 women (aged 45-64 years), who were recruited onto the JPHC Study and had not reported cataracts in baseline surveys. Vitamin C was calculated from the nutrient intake assessed by self-administered food-frequency questionnaires (FFQ). Self-reported questionnaires were used to assess two endpoints: diagnosis or extraction of cataracts. At follow-up, 216 men and 551 women reported new diagnoses, and 110 men and 187 women reported extractions of cataracts. For both endpoints, a higher vitamin C intake was associated with a reduced incidence of cataracts in both sexes. After adjusting for potential confounding factors, the multivariate odds ratios (ORs) for men and women in the highest quintiles of energy-adjusted vitamin C intake, relative to the lowest quintiles, were 0.65 (95% CI, 0.42-0.97) and 0.59 (95% CI, 0.43-0.89) for cataract diagnoses, and 0.70 (95% CI, 0.44-1.20) and 0.64 (95% CI, 0.41-0.94) for cataract extractions, respectively. Dietary vitamin C intake might lower the risk of age-related cataracts among middle-aged Japanese.
    European Journal of Nutrition 04/2007; 46(2):118-24. · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: NADH dehydrogenase subunit-2 237 leucine/methionine (ND2-237 Leu/Met) polymorphism is associated with longevity in the Japanese population, and the ND2-237Met genotype may exert antiatherogenic effects. To investigate whether ND2-237 Leu/Met polymorphism is associated with risk of hypertension, we conducted a cross-sectional study of 398 Japanese male subjects. The frequency of hypertension was significantly higher in ND2-237Leu genotypic men than in ND2-237Met genotypic men. On analysis of covariance, the interaction between ND2-237 Leu/Met polymorphism and habitual drinking was significantly associated with both systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that the ND2-237Met genotype, particularly in younger subjects (age <60 years), had a lower odds ratio for hypertension than the ND2-237Leu genotype. Moreover, the association of ND2-237 Leu/Met polymorphism with hypertension may depend on the frequency of alcohol consumption. The odds ratio for hypertension was significantly higher in daily drinkers with ND2-237Leu when compared with non- or ex-drinkers with ND2-237Leu. However, the association between the ND2-237Met genotype and hypertension may not depend on the frequency of alcohol consumption. The present results suggest that ND2-237 Leu/Met polymorphism is associated with hypertension and that modification of hypertension risk is dependent on alcohol consumption in middle-aged Japanese men.
    Hypertension Research 03/2007; 30(3):213-8. · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pulmonary function is a crucial factor associated with longevity. Mitochondrial DNA 5178 cytosine/adenine (Mt5178 C/A) polymorphism is reported to be associated with longevity in the Japanese population. We have previously reported that Mt5178 C/A polymorphism is widely associated with physiological and biochemical status. The objective of this study was to investigate whether Mt5178 C/A polymorphism is associated with pulmonary function. The subjects were 463 Japanese men (mean age +/- SD 54.0 +/- 7.6 years). Genotyping of Mt5178 C/A was performed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. A cross-sectional study of the relationship between genotype and spirometric data, namely forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)), was conducted. Among younger subjects (age <55 years), FVC and FEV(1) were significantly higher for men with Mt5178A than for those with Mt5178C. Interaction between Mt5178 C/A polymorphism and smoking habits in FEV(1)/FVC ratio was observed. Cigarette consumption (pack-years of smoking) was significantly and negatively associated with FEV(1)/FVC ratio for men with Mt5178C. Among older subjects (age >or=55 years), FEV(1)/FVC ratio was significantly lower for current smokers with Mt5178C than for never smokers with Mt5178C or for never smokers with Mt5178A. Mt5178 C/A polymorphism and its interaction with cigarette consumption may be associated with pulmonary function in Japanese men.
    Journal of Human Genetics 01/2007; 52(8):680-5. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: NADH dehydrogenase subunit-2 237 leucine/methionine (ND2-237 Leu/Met) polymorphism is reportedly associated with longevity in the Japanese population. The ND2-237Met genotype may confer resistance to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular atherogenic diseases. Hyperuricemia is one of the risk factors for cardiovascular disease. To investigate whether ND2-237 Leu/Met polymorphism is associated with serum uric acid (SUA) levels, we conducted a cross-sectional study in 321 healthy Japanese male subjects. In nonobese (body mass index, BMI<25) male subjects, interaction between ND2-237 Leu/Met genotypes and drinking frequency on SUA levels was observed (P=0.031). The SUA levels were significantly higher in daily drinkers with ND2-237Leu than in non-daily drinkers with ND2-237Leu (P=0.018). In nonobese men, after adjustment for covariates, daily drinkers with ND2-237Leu had a significantly higher odds ratio (OR) for hyperuricemia (SUA> or =6.5 mg/dl: vs. daily drinkers with ND2-237Met, OR=3.26, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.14-9.29; vs. non-daily drinkers with ND2-237Leu, OR=3.22, 95% CI 1.39-7.45; SUA> or =7.0 mg/dl: vs. non-daily drinkers with ND2-237Met, OR=3.53, 95% CI 1.00-12.4). However, in obese (BMI> or =25) men, no significant interaction between ND2-237 Leu/Met polymorphism and habitual drinking on SUA levels or on the risk for hyperuricemia was observed. These results suggest that ND2-237 Leu/Met polymorphism modulates the effects of daily alcohol consumption on SUA levels in nonobese Japanese men.
    Journal of Human Genetics 01/2006; 51(9):765-71. · 2.37 Impact Factor
  • Journal for the Integrated Study of Dietary Habits 01/2006; 16(4):306-312.
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    ABSTRACT: Mitochondrial DNA 5178 cytosine/adenine (Mt5178 C/A) polymorphism is reportedly associated with longevity in the Japanese population, and the Mt5178A genotype may resist the onset of type 2 diabetes. To investigate whether Mt5178 C/A polymorphism is associated with glucose tolerance, we conducted a cross-sectional study using the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in which non-diabetic Japanese male subjects were classified into three subgroups by body mass index (BMI): BMI<22 (n=91); 22< or =BMI<25 (n=138); and BMI> or =25 (n=67). The frequency of Mt5178A was significantly lower among 'BMI<22' subjects exhibiting impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance than among those with normal glucose tolerance. In the 'BMI<22' group, fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels and plasma glucose levels at 60 and 120 min after glucose load (OGTT-1h and OGTT-2h, respectively) were significantly lower in the Mt5178A genotype than in the Mt5178C genotype. After adjusting for age, BMI, habitual smoking, habitual drinking and family history of diabetes, FPG levels and OGTT-2h levels were still significantly lower in the Mt5178A genotype than in the Mt5178C genotype. However, after adjusting for covariates, in both the '22< or =BMI<25' and 'BMI> or =25' groups, FPG levels were significantly higher in the Mt5178A genotype than in the Mt5178C genotype. Differences in the effect of alcohol consumption on FPG levels and glucose tolerance between the Mt5178 C/A genotypes were observed. The present results suggest that Mt5178 C/A polymorphism may be associated with FPG levels and glucose tolerance in middle-aged Japanese men.
    Mitochondrion 12/2005; 5(6):418-25. · 4.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mitochondrial DNA 5178 C/A (mt5178 C/A), namely NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 237 Leu/Met, polymorphism is as reported in literature associated with longevity and susceptibility to ischemic heart disease or cerebrovascular disorders in the Japanese population. Previous reports suggested that mt5178A genotype exerts antiatherogenic effects. The aim of this study was to investigate whether mt5178 C/A polymorphism is associated with hematological parameters, such as thrombogenic risk factors for myocardial infarction and stroke, in 321 healthy Japanese men. No significant differences were observed between mt5178 C/A genotypes, but in subjects with body mass index (BMI) of < or = 23, this polymorphism influenced the effects of habitual smoking on hematological parameters. Red blood cell (RBC) counts were significantly lower and mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) levels were significantly higher in smokers with mt5178A than nonsmokers with mt5178A. Platelet counts were significantly higher in smokers with mt5178C than nonsmokers with mt5178C. Cigarette consumption was strongly associated with RBC counts, mean corpuscular volume levels, and MCH levels for men with mt5178A, and was associated with platelet counts for those with mt5178C. Moreover, BMI was significantly positively associated with RBC counts and platelet counts only in men with mt5178A, age was significantly negatively associated with RBC counts only in men with mt5178C. These data suggest that mt5178 C/A polymorphism may influence the effects of cigarette smoking on hematological parameters in healthy BMI < or = 23 Japanese men.
    Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics 01/2005; 40(2):113-22. · 1.70 Impact Factor