S L Barnwell

Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, United States

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Publications (102)374.57 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Some patients with large or recurrent aneurysms may be at increased risk of recurrence postcoiling. The Patients Prone to Recurrence after Endovascular Treatment (PRET) trial was designed to assess whether hydrogel coils were superior to platinum coils in these high-risk patients. This article reports periprocedural safety and operator-assessed angiographic results from the PRET trial.
    AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The ability of polymer-modified coils to promote stable aneurysm occlusion after endovascular treatment is not well-documented. Angiographic aneurysm recurrence is widely used as a surrogate for treatment failure, but studies documenting the correlation of angiographic recurrence with clinical failure are limited. This trial compares the effectiveness of Matrix(2) polyglycolic/polylactic acid biopolymer-modified coils with bare metal coils and correlates the angiographic findings with clinical failure (ie, target aneurysm recurrence), a composite end point that includes any incident of posttreatment aneurysm rupture, retreatment, or unexplained death. This was a multicenter randomized noninferiority trial with blinded end point adjudication. We enrolled 626 patients, divided between Matrix(2) and bare metal coil groups. The primary outcome was target aneurysm recurrence at 12 ± 3 months. At 455 days, at least 1 target aneurysm recurrence event had occurred in 14.6% of patients treated with bare metal coils and 13.3% of Matrix(2) (P = .76, log-rank test) patients; 92.8% of target aneurysm recurrence events were re-interventions for aneurysms that had not bled after treatment, and 5.8% of target aneurysm recurrence events resulted from hemorrhage or rehemorrhage, with or without retreatment. Symptomatic re-intervention occurred in only 4 (0.6%) patients. At 455 days, 95.8% of patients with unruptured aneurysms and 90.4% of those with ruptured aneurysms were independent (mRS ≤ 2). Target aneurysm recurrence was associated with incomplete initial angiographic aneurysm obliteration, presentation with rupture, and a larger aneurysmal dome and neck size. Tested Matrix(2) coils were not inferior to bare metal coils. Endovascular coiling of intracranial aneurysms was safe, and the rate of technical success was high. Target aneurysm recurrence is a promising clinical outcome measure that correlates well with established angiographic measurements.
    American Journal of Neuroradiology 01/2014; · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Early results of the Stenting and Aggressive Medical Management for Preventing Recurrent stroke in Intracranial Stenosis trial showed that, by 30 days, 33 (14·7%) of 224 patients in the stenting group and 13 (5·8%) of 227 patients in the medical group had died or had a stroke (percentages are product limit estimates), but provided insufficient data to establish whether stenting offered any longer-term benefit. Here we report the long-term outcome of patients in this trial. Methods We randomly assigned (1:1, stratified by centre with randomly permuted block sizes) 451 patients with recent transient ischaemic attack or stroke related to 70–99% stenosis of a major intracranial artery to aggressive medical management (antiplatelet therapy, intensive management of vascular risk factors, and a lifestyle-modification programme) or aggressive medical management plus stenting with the Wingspan stent. The primary endpoint was any of the following: stroke or death within 30 days after enrolment, ischaemic stroke in the territory of the qualifying artery beyond 30 days of enrolment, or stroke or death within 30 days after a revascularisation procedure of the qualifying lesion during follow-up. Primary endpoint analysis of between-group differences with log-rank test was by intention to treat. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT 00576693. Findings During a median follow-up of 32·4 months, 34 (15%) of 227 patients in the medical group and 52 (23%) of 224 patients in the stenting group had a primary endpoint event. The cumulative probability of the primary endpoints was smaller in the medical group versus the percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting (PTAS) group (p=0·0252). Beyond 30 days, 21 (10%) of 210 patients in the medical group and 19 (10%) of 191 patients in the stenting group had a primary endpoint. The absolute differences in the primary endpoint rates between the two groups were 7·1% at year 1 (95% CI 0·2 to 13·8%; p=0·0428), 6·5% at year 2 (–0·5 to 13·5%; p=0·07) and 9·0% at year 3 (1·5 to 16·5%; p=0·0193). The occurrence of the following adverse events was higher in the PTAS group than in the medical group: any stroke (59 [26%] of 224 patients vs 42 [19%] of 227 patients; p=0·0468) and major haemorrhage (29 [13%]of 224 patients vs 10 [4%] of 227 patients; p=0·0009). Interpretation The early benefit of aggressive medical management over stenting with the Wingspan stent for high-risk patients with intracranial stenosis persists over extended follow-up. Our findings lend support to the use of aggressive medical management rather than PTAS with the Wingspan system in high-risk patients with atherosclerotic intracranial arterial stenosis. Funding National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) and others.
    The Lancet 01/2014; 383(9914):333–341. · 39.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Object Delayed ipsilateral intraparenchymal hemorrhage has been observed following aneurysm treatment with the Pipeline Embolization Device (PED). The relationship of this phenomenon to the device and/or procedure remains unclear. The authors present the results of histopathological analyses of the brain sections from 3 patients in whom fatal ipsilateral intracerebral hemorrhages developed several days after uneventful PED treatment of supraclinoid aneurysms. Methods Microscopic analyses revealed foreign material occluding small vessels within the hemorrhagic area in all patients. Further analyses of the embolic materials using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was conducted on specimens from 2 of the 3 patients. Although microscopically identical, the quantity of material recovered from the third patient was insufficient for FTIR spectroscopy. Results FTIR spectroscopy showed that the foreign material was polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), a substance that is commonly used in the coatings of interventional devices. Conclusions These findings are suggestive of a potential association between intraprocedural foreign body emboli and post-PED treatment-delayed ipsilateral intraparenchymal hemorrhage.
    Journal of Neurosurgery 12/2013; · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Stent-assisted coiling may result in less aneurysm recanalization but more complications than coiling alone. We evaluated outcomes of coiling with and without stents in the multicenter Matrix and Platinum Science Trial.MATERIALS AND METHODS:All patients in the Matrix and Platinum Science Trial with unruptured intracranial aneurysms treated per protocol were included. Baseline patient and aneurysm characteristics, procedural details, neurologic outcomes, angiographic outcomes, and safety data were analyzed.RESULTS:Overall, 137 of 361 (38%) patients were treated with a stent. Stent-coiled aneurysms had wider necks (≥4 mm in 62% with stents versus 33% without, P < .0001) and lower dome-to-neck ratios (1.3 versus 1.8, P < .0001). Periprocedural serious adverse events occurred infrequently in those treated with and without stents (6.6% versus 4.5%, P = .39). At 1 year, total significant adverse events, mortality, and worsening of mRS were similar in treatment groups, but ischemic strokes were more common in stent-coiled patients than in coiled patients (8.8% versus 2.2%, P = .005). However, multivariate analysis confirmed that at 2 years after treatment, prior cerebrovascular accident (OR, 4.7; P = .0089) and aneurysm neck width ≥4 mm (OR, 4.5; P = .02) were the only independent predictors of ischemic stroke. Stent use was not an independent predictor of ischemic stroke at 2 years (OR, 1.1; P = .94). Stent use did not predict target aneurysm recurrence at 2 years, but aneurysm dome size ≥10 mm (OR, 9.94; P < .0001) did predict target aneurysm recurrence.CONCLUSIONS:Stent-coiling had similar outcomes as coiling despite stented aneurysms having more difficult morphology than coiled aneurysms. Increased ischemic events in stent-coiled aneurysms were attributable to baseline risk factors and aneurysm morphology.
    American Journal of Neuroradiology 11/2013; · 3.17 Impact Factor
  • Stroke 08/2013; · 6.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Rotational vertebral artery occlusion, or bow hunter's stroke, is reversible, positional symptomatic vertebrobasilar ischemia. The typical mechanism of action is obstruction of a dominant vertebral artery with contralateral head rotation in the setting of baseline ipsilateral vertebral artery stenosis or occlusion. Here we present a rare case of mechanical occlusion of bilateral patent vertebral arteries manifesting as near syncope with rightward head rotation. Diagnostic cerebral angiography showed dynamic right C5 vertebral occlusion and left C2 vertebral occlusion. The patient underwent right C4/5 transverse process decompression. Postoperative angiogram showed patent flow through the right vertebral artery in neutral position and with head turn with resultant resolution of symptoms.
    Journal of vascular surgery: official publication, the Society for Vascular Surgery [and] International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery, North American Chapter 02/2013; · 3.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Patients with high-grade symptomatic intracranial stenosis (≥70%) have an increased risk of recurrent stroke despite medical treatment with antiplatelet or anticoagulant therapy. Intracranial stenting has been proposed as a viable treatment option for this high-risk patient population; however, evaluation of this therapy in randomized multicenter trials is needed. In this article, we present the design and methods of the Vitesse Intracranial Stent Study for Ischemic Therapy (VISSIT) trial for symptomatic intracranial stenosis. METHODS: The VISSIT trial is a randomized control study designed to evaluate the safety, probable benefit, and effectiveness of the PHAROS Vitesse neurovascular balloon-expandable stent system plus medical therapy versus medical therapy alone in patients with cerebral or retinal ischemia due to neurovascular stenosis (≥70%) for preventing the primary composite end point: stroke in the same territory (distal to the target lesion) as the presenting event within 12 months of randomization or hard transient ischemic attack in the same territory (distal to the target lesion) as the presenting event from day 2 through month 12 postrandomization. RESULTS: Enrollment began in February 2009 and was halted in January 2012 with 112 subjects enrolled into the study. Clinical follow-up will continue for the planned period of 12 months postrandomization. CONCLUSIONS: The VISSIT trial may provide valuable insight into the use of balloon-expandable intracranial stent as a treatment option for high-risk patients. Lessons learned from this trial may better guide future clinical trial design on best patient selection, stenting techniques, and periprocedural management.
    Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases: the official journal of National Stroke Association 12/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Enrollment in the Stenting and Aggressive Medical Management for Preventing Recurrent stroke in Intracranial Stenosis (SAMMPRIS) trial was halted due to the high risk of stroke or death within 30 days of enrollment in the percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting arm relative to the medical arm. This analysis focuses on the patient and procedural factors that may have been associated with periprocedural cerebrovascular events in the trial. METHODS: Bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate whether patient and procedural variables were associated with cerebral ischemic or hemorrhagic events occurring within 30 days of enrollment (termed periprocedural) in the percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting arm. RESULTS: Of 224 patients randomized to percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting, 213 underwent angioplasty alone (n=5) or with stenting (n=208). Of these, 13 had hemorrhagic strokes (7 parenchymal, 6 subarachnoid), 19 had ischemic stroke, and 2 had cerebral infarcts with temporary signs within the periprocedural period. Ischemic events were categorized as perforator occlusions (13), embolic (4), mixed perforator and embolic (2), and delayed stent occlusion (2). Multivariate analyses showed that higher percent stenosis, lower modified Rankin score, and clopidogrel load associated with an activated clotting time above the target range were associated (P≤0.05) with hemorrhagic stroke. Nonsmoking, basilar artery stenosis, diabetes, and older age were associated (P≤0.05) with ischemic events. CONCLUSIONS: Periprocedural strokes in SAMMPRIS had multiple causes with the most common being perforator occlusion. Although risk factors for periprocedural strokes could be identified, excluding patients with these features from undergoing percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting to lower the procedural risk would limit percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting to a small subset of patients. Moreover, given the small number of events, the present data should be used for hypothesis generation rather than to guide patient selection in clinical practice. Clinical Trial Registration Information- URL: http://clinicaltrials.gov. Unique Identifier: NCT00576693.
    Stroke 09/2012; 43(10):2682-2688. · 6.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between physician and site experience and the risk of 30 day hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes in the stenting arm of the Stenting and Aggressive Medical Management for the Prevention of Recurrent Ischemic Stroke (SAMMPRIS) trial. METHODS: Study records and an investigator survey were examined for physician and site related factors, including: number of Wingspan and aneurysm stents submitted for credentialing, number of study procedures performed in SAMMPRIS, years in practice after training, primary specialty, and site enrollment. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine if these factors were associated with the 30 day rate of cerebrovascular events after angioplasty and stenting. RESULTS: 213 patients underwent angioplasty alone (n=5) or angioplasty and stenting (n=208) with study devices by 63 interventionists at 48 sites. For credentialing, the median number of Wingspan and similar aneurysm stent cases submitted by study interventionists were 10 and 6, respectively. Interventionists with higher numbers (>10) of Wingspan cases submitted for credentialing tended to have higher rates of 30 day events (19.0% vs 9.9%) than those with <10 cases. High enrolling sites in the trial tended to have lower rates of hemorrhagic stroke (9.8% at sites enrolling <12 patients vs 2.7% at sites enrolling >12 patients). CONCLUSIONS: Interventionists credentialed with less Wingspan experience were not responsible for the high rate of periprocedural stroke in SAMMPRIS. Hemorrhagic stroke may be related to low enrollment in the trial but not previous Wingspan experience.
    Journal of neurointerventional surgery 09/2012; · 1.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: High-grade dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) with retrograde cortical leptomeningeal drainage are formidable lesions because of their risk for intracranial hemorrhage. Treatment is aimed at occluding venous outflow to achieve obliteration of the fistula. In DAVFs that involve a large dural venous sinus (transverse sigmoid sinus or superior sagittal sinus), occluding venous outflow can be accomplished endovascularly with transvenous embolization. However, in some cases of DAVFs with reflux into cortical leptomeningeal veins, there may be venous restrictive disease downstream, such as occlusive thrombosis, which can prohibit endovascular access via the transfemoral or transjugular routes. In these instances, a transcranial approach can be performed to expose the large dural venous sinus distal to the site of occlusion for direct catheterization of the venous outflow for transvenous embolization. This combined surgical and endovascular strategy provides direct access to the venous outflow and bypasses the site of thrombotic obstruction. In this report, we describe our technique of single stage surgically-assisted transvenous embolization in three patients with high-grade DAVFs involving a large dural sinus. All patients achieved complete obliteration of their DAVFs without any venous related complications. Our technique of surgically-assisted direct transvenous embolization of high-grade DAVFs can be successfully performed as a single stage in the operating room with intraoperative angiography and stereotactic image guidance.
    Acta Neurochirurgica 08/2012; 154(10):1855-9. · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Arterial dissections account for 2% of strokes in all age groups, and up to 25% in patients aged 45 years or younger. The safety of endovascular intervention in this patient population is not well characterized. We identified all patients in the Merci registry - a prospective, multi-center post-market database enrolling patients treated with the Merci Retriever thrombectomy device - with arterial dissection as the most likely stroke etiology. Stroke presentation and procedural details were obtained prospectively; data regarding procedural complications, intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and the use of stenting of the dissected artery were obtained retrospectively. Of 980 patients in the registry, ten were identified with arterial dissection (8/10 ICA; 2/10 vertebrobasilar). The median age was 48 years with a baseline NIH stroke scale score of 16 and median time to treatment of 4.9 h. The procedure resulted in thrombolysis in cerebral ischemia (TICI) scores of 2a or better in eight out of ten and TICI 2b or better in six out of ten patients. Stenting of the dissection was performed in four of nine (44%). The single complication (1/9; 11%) - extension of a dissected carotid artery - was treated effectively with stenting. No symptomatic ICH or stroke in a previously unaffected territory occurred. A favorable functional outcome was observed in eight out of ten patients. Despite severe strokes on presentation, high rates of recanalization (8/10) and favorable functional outcomes (8/10) were observed. These results suggest that mechanical thrombectomy in patients with acute stroke resulting from arterial dissection is feasible, safe, and may be associated with favorable functional outcomes.
    Interventional Neuroradiology 03/2012; 18(1):74-9. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Due to anatomic features, including wide necks and incorporation of important branches, endovascular coiling of middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms has proved challenging. Stent assisted embolization may increase the likelihood of successful treatment. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing stent assisted coil embolization utilizing the Neuroform stent from 2004 to 2009 were identified by hospital billing records. Procedural and clinical information-including procedure related mortality and morbidity and long term outcomes-were then obtained by retrospective chart review. RESULTS: Treatment was successful in 22/23 (96%) patients. Median age was 61 years and 16/22 (73%) were women. Aneurysm size was: <5 mm in 5/22 (23%); 5-9 mm in 14/22 (64%); and ≥10 mm in 3/22 (14%) patients. There were four periprocedural complications (including one stroke and one intraprocedural rupture), none associated with neurological dysfunction. Angiographic follow-up was available in 18/22 (82%) and clinical follow-up in 19/22 (86%) patients, both at a median of 1 year (mean 1.2 years) after coiling. Aneurysm occlusion was complete in 12/18 (67%), a neck remnant was present in 3/18 (17%) and persistent aneurysmal filling was present in 3/18 (17%) patients, requiring retreatment in 1/18 (6%) patient. In-stent stenosis of 50%, which was asymptomatic, occurred in 1/18 (6%) patient. No subarachnoid hemorrhages and no ischemic events related to the procedure were observed during follow-up. CONCLUSION: In this small series, the technical success rate was 96%, there were no transient or permanent neurological complications and complete aneurysmal occlusion was achieved in two-thirds of treated aneurysms on follow-up angiography. These results suggest that in appropriately selected patients, stent assisted coil embolization of MCA aneurysms can be performed with a high degree of safety and acceptable durability.
    Journal of neurointerventional surgery 12/2011; · 1.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Lumboperitoneal shunt (LPS), ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) and optic nerve sheath fenestration (ONSF) are accepted surgical therapies for medically refractory idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). In the subset of patients with IIH and venous sinus stenosis, dural venous sinus stenting has emerged as an alternative surgical approach. METHODS: All cases of dural stents for IIH at our institution were retrospectively reviewed. Eligibility criteria included medically refractory IIH with documented papilledema and dural venous sinus stenosis of the dominant venous outflow system (gradient ≥10 mm Hg). RESULTS: Fifteen cases (all women) of mean age 34 years were identified. All had failed medical therapy and six had failed surgical intervention. Technical success was achieved in all patients without major periprocedural complications. The mean preprocedural gradient across the venous stenosis was reduced from 24 mm Hg before the procedure to 4 mm Hg after the procedure. Headache resolved or improved in 10 patients. Papilledema resolved in all patients and visual acuity stabilized or improved in 14 patients. There were no instances of restenosis among the 14 patients with follow-up imaging. CONCLUSION: In this small case series, dural sinus stenting for IIH was performed safely with a high degree of technical success and with excellent clinical outcomes. These results suggest that angioplasty and stenting for the treatment of medically refractory IIH in patients with dural sinus stenosis warrants further investigation as an alternative to LPS, VPS and ONSF.
    Journal of neurointerventional surgery 12/2011; · 1.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Atherosclerotic intracranial arterial stenosis is an important cause of stroke that is increasingly being treated with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting (PTAS) to prevent recurrent stroke. However, PTAS has not been compared with medical management in a randomized trial. We randomly assigned patients who had a recent transient ischemic attack or stroke attributed to stenosis of 70 to 99% of the diameter of a major intracranial artery to aggressive medical management alone or aggressive medical management plus PTAS with the use of the Wingspan stent system. The primary end point was stroke or death within 30 days after enrollment or after a revascularization procedure for the qualifying lesion during the follow-up period or stroke in the territory of the qualifying artery beyond 30 days. Enrollment was stopped after 451 patients underwent randomization, because the 30-day rate of stroke or death was 14.7% in the PTAS group (nonfatal stroke, 12.5%; fatal stroke, 2.2%) and 5.8% in the medical-management group (nonfatal stroke, 5.3%; non-stroke-related death, 0.4%) (P=0.002). Beyond 30 days, stroke in the same territory occurred in 13 patients in each group. Currently, the mean duration of follow-up, which is ongoing, is 11.9 months. The probability of the occurrence of a primary end-point event over time differed significantly between the two treatment groups (P=0.009), with 1-year rates of the primary end point of 20.0% in the PTAS group and 12.2% in the medical-management group. In patients with intracranial arterial stenosis, aggressive medical management was superior to PTAS with the use of the Wingspan stent system, both because the risk of early stroke after PTAS was high and because the risk of stroke with aggressive medical therapy alone was lower than expected. (Funded by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke and others; SAMMPRIS ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00576693.).
    New England Journal of Medicine 09/2011; 365(11):993-1003. · 51.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Randomized clinical trials supporting the use of intra-arterial administration of thrombolytics (IAT) for the treatment of stroke due to middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion have been positive on some, but not all, endpoints. A meta-analysis was performed to estimate with more precision the effect of IAT on several key clinical endpoints. All randomized trials of IAT in the treatment of MCA stroke were identified by PUBMED search and by hand search of potentially relevant references. Trial methodologies were assessed for compatibility in study protocols and statistical analysis. A meta-analysis was performed evaluating the effect of IAT on functional outcome at 90 days and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (SICH) within 24 h. Three trials met the criteria for the meta-analysis. IAT treated patients were significantly more likely to have a modified Rankin scale (mRS) ≤ 1 (31% vs 20%, OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.2 to 3.4, p=0.01); mRS ≤ 2 (43% vs 31%, OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.2 to 3.0, p=0.01); and NIH Stroke Scale score 0 or 1 (23% vs 12%, OR 2.4, 95% CI 1.3 to 4.4, p=0.007) at the 90 day follow-up. There was no effect on mortality at 90 days (20% vs 19%, OR 0.84, 95% CI 0.5 to 1.5). The risk of SICH was significantly increased in the active treatment arms (11% vs 2%, OR 4.6, 95% CI 1.3 to 16, p=0.02). Our meta-analysis demonstrates that all standard functional endpoints for stroke trials were substantially improved in the active treatment arms. Despite an increased risk of SICH, there was no effect on mortality. These results support endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke due to MCA occlusion with intra-arterial thrombolytics.
    Journal of neurointerventional surgery 06/2011; 3(2):151-5. · 1.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The use of bare metal stents (BMS) to prevent recurrent stroke due to stenosis of the cerebral vasculature is associated with high rates of restenosis. Drug-eluting stents (DES) may decrease this risk. We evaluated the performance of DES in a cohort of patients treated at our institution.Consecutive patients treated with DES were identified by a case log and billing records; data regarding procedural details, clinical outcome and angiographic follow-up was obtained by retrospective chart review.Twenty-six patients (27 vessels; 14 vertebral origin (VO); 13 intracranial) were treated. Stenosis was reduced from mean 81% to 8% at the VO and 80% to 2% intracranially. No strokes occurred in the first 24 hours after stenting or at any time point in the VO group during a mean follow-up period of nine months. Among patients with intracranial stents, stroke with permanent disability occurred within 30 days in 1/12 (8%) and after 30 days in 1/11 (9%) with clinical follow-up (mean follow-up, 14 months). Follow-up catheter angiography was obtained in 14/14 (100%) in the VO group at mean eight months and in 8/11 surviving patients (73%) at a mean of ten months after stenting in the intracranial group. The restenosis rate was 21% at the VO (3/14) and 38% (3/8) for intracranial stents. Restenosis at the VO was less frequent than might have been expected from reports utilizing BMS, however, overall restenosis rates appeared higher than previously reported for patients with intracranial DES and comparable with restenosis rates for intracranial BMS.
    Interventional Neuroradiology 06/2011; 17(2):241-7. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Anterior communicating artery (A-comm) aneurysm is one of the most common intracranial aneurysms. Treatments include neurosurgical clipping or endovascular embolization. To retrospectively examine the long-term results of Neuroform stent-assisted coil embolization of incidental A-comms, with a focus on stent-associated stenosis, long-term angiographic aneurysm occlusion outcome, delayed stent-related thromboembolus, subsequent subarachnoid hemorrhage from the treated aneurysm, and procedural complications. Between January 7, 2003 and June 16, 2009, 44 Neuroform stents were placed as an adjunct to embolization of A-comms. Patient charts were reviewed retrospectively. Angiographic follow-up of at least 3 months (up to 6.5 years, mean 65 weeks) was available for 33 patients. Aneurysm occlusion success was determined using the Raymond classification for aneurysm remnants. Referencing the last angiogram in the follow-up course, complete occlusion, dog-ear residual, residual neck, and residual aneurysm were found in 24, 2, 3, and 4 patients, respectively. Stenosis (45% and asymptomatic) of the artery where the stent had been placed was found in 1 patient. One patient had delayed transient ischemic attack after dual antiplatelet therapy was stopped prematurely. Retreatment based on the presence of residual aneurysm was performed or recommended in 2 patients. In 2 patients with residual or recurrent aneurysm filling, their age or clinical condition did not warrant retreatment. Neuroform stent-assisted embolization provides long-term control of A-comms with a low incidence of aneurysm growth after treatment. The need for retreatment is uncommon, and retreatment is safe if performed. Subsequent bleeding from treated aneurysms was not observed in this study.
    Neurosurgery 02/2011; 69(1):27-37; discussion 37. · 2.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Devices to close a femoral arteriotomy are frequently used after catheterization for interventional radiology and cardiac procedures to decrease the time to hemostasis and ambulation and, potentially, to decrease local complications. The Mynx vascular closure device uses a sealant designed to occlude the access tract, resulting in hemostasis. We retrospectively reviewed all cases in which the Mynx device was used and for which follow-up angiography was available. A total of 146 devices were deployed in 135 patients. A follow-up vascular study visualizing the femoral artery was performed in 26 patients (27 studies). There were 5 (5/27, 18%) cases of intravascular Mynx sealant on follow-up vascular imaging. Three pseudoaneurysms (3/27, 11%) were identified. In this small study, intravascular sealant and pseudoaneurysms were found frequently after femoral arterial closure with the Mynx vascular closure device.
    American Journal of Neuroradiology 10/2010; 31(9):1737-40. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    Journal of neurointerventional surgery 06/2010; 2(2):177-88. · 1.38 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
374.57 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1993–2011
    • Oregon Health and Science University
      • • Department of Neurological Surgery
      • • Department of Ophthamology
      • • Department of Pathology & Radiology
      • • Dotter Interventional Institute
      • • Department of Surgery
      Portland, OR, United States
  • 1995
    • University of Oregon
      Eugene, Oregon, United States
  • 1991–1995
    • San Francisco VA Medical Center
      San Francisco, California, United States
  • 1989–1994
    • University of California, San Francisco
      • Division of Hospital Medicine
      San Francisco, CA, United States