Yong-Hong Li

Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, Shengcheng, Guangdong, China

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Publications (41)40.66 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the value of removed lymph node (LN) count and LN density (LND) for predicting disease-specific survival (DSS) rate following radical lymphadenectomy in patients with penile cancer.
    Urologic oncology. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To investigate the value of removed lymph node (LN) count and LN density (LND) for predicting disease-specific survival (DSS) rate following radical lymphadenectomy in patients with penile cancer. Methods We retrieved data from 146 patients who were surgically treated between 2002 and 2012. receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis was used to calculate the optimal cutoff value of LN count and LND for predicting DSS rate. LND was analyzed as a categorical variable by grouping patients with pN+tumors into 2 categories. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was used to test the effect of various variables on DSS rate based on collinearity in various models. Results Median follow-up was 42 months. Overall, 75 patients (51.4%) had pN0 disease, and 71 patients (48.6%) had pN+disease. The optimal cutoff value of LN count and LND were 16% and 16%, respectively. Among patients with pN0 tumors, the number of LNs removed (≥16 LNs) was an independent significant predictor of DSS rate in univariate and multivariate analyses (all P<0.05). Stratifying pN+ patients as above versus below the LND threshold demonstrated significant differences in 5-year DSS: 81.2% versus 24.4% (P < 0.001). In multivariate models including known prognostic factors, LND was a statistically significant independent predictor of DSS rate (hazard ratio = 4.31 and 3.96 for above vs. below the LND threshold, respectively). Conclusions The removal of at least 16 LNs was associated with a significantly longer DSS rate in patients with pN0 penile cancer. Additionally, an LND above 16% is an independent predictor of DSS rate in patients with pN+tumors. Further independent validation is required to determine the clinical usefulness of LN count and LND in this patient population.
    Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: PIN2/TRF1-interacting telomerase inhibitor1 (PinX1) was recently suggested as a putative tumor suppressor in several types of human cancer, based on its binding to and inhibition of telomerase. Moreover, loss of PinX1 has been detected in many human malignancies. However, the possible involvement of PinX1 and its clinical/prognostic significance in urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) are unclear. The PinX1 expression profile was examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), western blotting, and immunohistochemistry (IHC) in UCB tissues and adjacent normal urothelial bladder epithelial tissues. PinX1 was overexpressed and silenced in UCB cell lines to determine its role in tumorigenesis, development of UCB, and the possible mechanism. PinX1 expression in UCB was significantly down-regulated at both mRNA and protein level as compared with that in normal urothelial bladder epithelial tissues. PinX1 levels were inversely correlated with tumor multiplicity, advanced N classification, high proliferation index (Ki-67), and poor survival (P < 0.05). Moreover, overexpression of PinX1 in UCB cells significantly inhibited cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo, whereas silencing PinX1 dramatically enhanced cell proliferation. Overexpression of PinX1 resulted in G1/S phase arrest and cell growth/proliferation inhibition, while silencing PinX1 led to acceleration of G1/S transition, and cell growth/proliferation promotion by inhibiting/enhancing telomerase activity and via the p16/cyclin D1 pathway. These findings suggest that down-regulation of PinX1 play an important role in the tumorigenesis and development of UCB and that the expression of PinX1 as detected by IHC is an independent molecular marker in patients with UCB.
    Molecular Cancer 11/2013; 12(1):148. · 5.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The research is to evaluate the age-specific differential effects of gender on outcomes in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) treated with radical nephroureterectomy (RNU). Between August 1998 and October 2010, we retrospectively reviewed the data from 285 (67.7 %) men and 136 (32.3 %) women treated with RNU for UTUC at our two institutions. Kaplan-Meier survival estimates the age-specific effect of gender on cancer-specific survival (CSS). Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were used to address the effect of gender on CSS. No significant sex-related differences were found in age and diagnosis, clinicopathologic features, and treatment (all P values >0.05). Women had a 18.7 % increased risk of death from UTUC than men (hazard ratio [HR] 1.187; 95 % confidence interval [95 % CI] 1.017-1.893; P = 0.021). The survival disadvantage was only present in patients aged 59 years and older (P < 0.001). Conversely, the survival advantage for women was found in women aged 42 to 58 years (P = 0.011) and in the age group <42 years (P = 0.019). On multivariable Cox regression analyses that adjusted for the effects of clinicopathologic features, the female gender was associated with decreased CSS (P = 0.036). In conclusion, the impact of gender on UTUC outcomes after RNU is age-specific. Females who aged 59 years and older experienced worse outcomes than their male counterparts, while women in the age group <42 years and 42-58 years have better outcomes than men. Further research is needed to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying the age-specific differential effect of gender on UTUC outcomes.
    Medical Oncology 09/2013; 30(3):640. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the association between body mass index and oncological outcomes in Chinese patients who had undergone radical nephroureterectomy for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma. Between August 1998 and October 2009, 236 consecutive Chinese patients underwent radical nephroureterectomy for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (Guangzhou, China). Body mass index data were available for 230 (97.5%) of these patients. All 230 patients were classified into three groups according to the body mass index criteria for Asians, issued by the Asia Cohort Consortium: underweight, body mass index <18.5 kg/m(2) (n = 21, 9.1%); normal weight, body mass index ≥18.5 and <25 kg/m(2) (n = 151, 65.7%); and obesity, body mass index ≥25 kg/m(2) , (n = 58, 25.2%). Spearman's rank correlation, Kaplan-Meier plots and Cox proportional hazards regression model were used to analyze the data. Being underweight was significantly associated with lymph node metastasis (P = 0.017) and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (P = 0.003). Univariate analysis showed recurrence-free survival and cancer-specific survival were significantly worse in underweight patients than in patients with normal weight or obese patients. After adjustments for other clinicopathological variables, multivariate analysis confirmed that recurrence-free survival and cancer-specific survival were significantly worse in underweight patients than in patients with normal weight or obese patients (recurrence-free survival P = 0.014, cancer-specific survival P = 0.015). Preoperative underweight is an independent predictor of unfavorable recurrence-free survival and cancer-specific survival in Chinese patients with upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma treated by radical nephroureterectomy, whereas obesity is associated with superior recurrence-free survival and cancer-specific survival. Further studies, including a multi-institutional, prospective, Asian cohort study, are required to confirm these findings.
    International Journal of Urology 08/2013; · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Few large scale studies have reported the oncological outcome of radical cystectomy for treating bladder cancer in China; hence, we lack long-term prognostic information. The aim of the current study was to determine the survival rate and prognostic factors of patients who received radical cystectomy for bladder cancer in a Chinese medical center. We retrospectively analyzed clinicopathologic data from 271 bladder cancer patients who underwent radical cystectomy between 2000 and 2011. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to identify independent prognostic predictors for this cohort. Median follow-up was 31.7 months (range, 0.2--139.1 months). Thirty-day mortality was (1.4%). The 5-year recurrence-free survival, cancer-specific survival (CSS), and overall survival were 61.6%, 72.9%, and 68.0%, respectively. The 5-year CSS of patients with T1--T4 disease was 90.7%, 85.0%, 51.0%, and 18.0%, respectively. Patients with organ-confined disease had a higher 5-year CSS than those with extravesical disease (81.4% vs. 34.9%, P < 0.001). For the 38 patients (14%) with lymph node involvement, the 5-year CSS was 27.7%--significantly lower than that of patients without lymph node metastasis (P< 0.001). The 5-year CSS was much higher in patients with low grade tumor than in those with high grade tumor (98.1% vs. 68.1%, P < 0.001). Multivariate Cox regression showed that patient age (hazard ratio, 2.045; P = 0.013) and T category (hazard ratio, 2.213; P < 0.001) were independent predictors for CSS. These results suggest that radical cystectomy is a safe and effective method for treating bladder cancer in Chinese patients. High age and T category were associated with poor prognosis in bladder cancer patients who received radical cystectomy.
    Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer 08/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP 1), the nuclear effector of the Hippo pathway, is a key regulator of organ size and a candidate human oncogene in multiple tumors. However, the expression dynamics of YAP 1 in urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) and its clinical/prognostic significance are unclear. In this study, the methods of quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), Western blotting and immunohistochemistry (IHC) were utilized to investigate mRNA/ protein expression of YAP 1 in UCBs. Spearman's rank correlation, Kaplan-Meier plots and Cox proportional hazards regression model were used to analyze the data. Up-regulated expression of YAP 1 mRNA and protein was observed in the majority of UCBs by qRT-PCR and Western blotting, when compared with their paired normal bladder tissues. By IHC, positive expression of YAP 1 was examined in 113/213 (53.1%) of UCBs and in 6/86 (7.0%) of normal bladder specimens tissues. Positive expression of YAP 1 was correlated with poorer differentiation, higher T classification and higher N classification (P < 0.05). In univariate survival analysis, a significant association between positive expression of YAP 1 and shortened patients' survival was found (P < 0.001). In different subsets of UCB patients, YAP 1 expression was also a prognostic indicator in patients with grade 2 (P = 0.005) or grade 3 (P = 0.046) UCB, and in patients in pT1 (P = 0.013), pT2-4 (P = 0.002), pN- (P < 0.001) or pT2-4/pN- (P = 0.004) stage. Importantly, YAP 1 expression (P = 0.003) together with pT and pN status (P< 0.05) provided significant independent prognostic parameters in multivariate analysis. Our findings provide evidences that positive expression of YAP 1 in UCB may be important in the acquisition of an aggressive phenotype, and it is an independent biomarker for poor prognosis of patients with UCB.
    BMC Cancer 07/2013; 13(1):349. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate local groin recurrence and morbidity associated with fascia lata preservation during inguinal lymphadenectomy (LAD) for penile carcinoma. Between January 2002 and December 2011, 201 inguinal dissections with preservation of the fascia lata were performed in 104 patients with clinical disease staged at ≤N2. The dissection boundaries were the same as those for radical inguinal LAD. All superficial inguinal nodes were removed en bloc. The cribriform fascia near the femoral canal was divided, and the deep inguinal lymph nodes were dissected. The fascia lata was completely preserved and sutured to the subcutaneous tissue. Sartorius muscle transposition was eliminated. Survival and morbidity data were retrospectively analyzed, and survival probabilities were calculated. The median operative time for unilateral inguinal LAD was 45 minutes (range, 40-60 minutes). Median follow-up was 36 months (range, 10-130 months). A mean number of 12.5 nodes were removed per groin. One patient (1%) had a recurrence outside the borders of the fascia lata after 7 months of follow-up. The 3-year disease-free survival rate was 92.1% (100% for pN0, 91.3% for pN1, 80% for pN2, and 33.3% for pN3 disease). A total of 59 complications (29.3%) occurred, including wound infection (2.5%), skin necrosis (5.5%), lymphedema (11.8%), seroma formation (1.5%), lymphocele (5%), paresthesia (3.5%), and deep venous thrombosis (0.5%). Inguinal dissections with preservation of the fascia lata for penile carcinoma patients without extranodal extension is as effective as the classic dissection technique but decreases complications related to groin dissection.
    Urology 07/2013; · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Renal plasmacytoma is extremely rare, presenting diagnostic challenges due to its unusual location and non-specific or absent symptoms. To the best of our knowledge, only 24 cases of renal plasmacytoma have been reported in the literature. The present study reports a case of primary renal plasmacytoma in a 46-year-old female patient. Computed tomography (CT) revealed that the mass was located in the lower pole of the left kidney and metastasis was detected in an enlarged para-aortic lymph node. Following careful preparation, a partial nephrectomy was performed and the retroperitoneal lymph node was resected. A pathological examination revealed a renal parenchyma with lymph node involvement; this was confirmed by immunohistochemistry and nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Consequently, a diagnosis of a renal extramedullary plasmacytoma (EMP) was proposed. Following this unexpected diagnosis, various examinations were performed, but there was no evidence of systemic plasma cell disease. The patient refused further therapy, including external beam radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Abdominal CT was performed three months post-surgery and did not reveal any relapse. The patient remains disease-free at nine months post-surgery. The current study also presents a review of the literature. Although the general prognosis and outcome of EMP is good, a follow-up examination is recommended due to the possibility of relapse or progression to plasma cell neoplasm (PCN).
    Oncology letters 06/2013; 5(6):1839-1843. · 0.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prognosis of locally advanced or recurrent squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the penis after conventional treatment is dismal. This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effects of intraarterial chemotherapy with gemcitabine and cisplatin in patients with locally advanced or recurrent SCC of the penis. Between April 1999 and May 2011, we treated five patients with locally advanced penile SCC and seven patients with recurrent disease with intraarterial chemotherapy. The response rate and toxicity data were retrospectively analyzed, and survival rates were calculated. After two to six cycles of intraarterial chemotherapy with gemcitabine and cisplatin, one out of five patients with locoregionally advanced disease achieved a complete response (CR), and four patients achieved partial response (PR). Of the seven patients with recurrent disease, two achieved CR, three patients achieved PR, one achieved stable disease, and the other one developed progressive disease. An objective tumor response was therefore achieved in 10 of the 12 patients. The median interval of overall survival for the patients was 24 months (range: 10-50 months). Three out of 10 patients who responded were long-term survivors after intraarterial chemotherapy. Intraarterial chemotherapy with gemcitabine and cisplatin may be effective and potentially curative in locoregionally advanced or recurrent penile SCC. The contribution of this therapy in the primary management of advanced or recurrent penile SCC should be prospectively investigated.
    Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer 05/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the oncologic outcomes of surveillance, retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) and primary chemotherapy in patients with clinical stage Ia nonseminomatous germ cell testicular tumors (CS Ia NSGCT) and to analyze risk factors for relapse. Patients with CS Ia NSGCT were retrospectively reviewed. Totally 72 patients were enrolled and grouped according to three different treatment after orchiectomy, among them 33 cases in surveillance group, 24 cases in RPLND group and 15 cases in primary chemotherapy group. Disease progressive free survival and disease specific survival were compared using Kaplan-Meier analysis. Cox regression analysis was used to confirm variables those were associated with disease progression. All 72 patients were followed-up at mean 62 months (12 - 175 months), 6 patients had evidence of relapse. Both the 5-year disease specific survival and 5-year overall survival rate were 100%. For surveillance, chemotherapy and RPLND, cumulative 5-year PFS rates were 84.0%, 93.3% and 100%, respectively. Relapse rate was higher in surveillance group than in RPLND group (17.8% vs. 0, χ² = 3.99, P = 0.04). Patients with the history of cryptorchidism also have higher relapse rate than without (37.5% vs. 4.7%, χ² = 10.02, P = 0.01). In the surveillance cohort, relapse rates were significantly higher in patients with a predominant component of embryonal carcinoma (3/6 vs. 7.4%, χ² = 6.93, P = 0.04) and for those over 13 years of age (23.1% vs. 5.3%, χ² = 4.33, P = 0.04). On multivariate analysis, treatment mode of patients (OR = 0.08, 95% CI: 0.06-0.36, P = 0.03) and patients with a history of cryptorchidism (OR = 25.3, 95% CI: 6.57-78.42, P = 0.04) were independent predictors of relapse. Surveillance, RPLND and adjuvant chemotherapy could be reliable strategies in compliant stage Ia nonseminoma patients and achieve satisfactory overall survival. Relapse rate is relatively higher for patients with surveillance. Those who are older or have a history of cryptorchidism experience a higher risk of relapse.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 03/2013; 51(3):256-60.
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    ABSTRACT: Prediction of oncological outcomes facilitates individualized risk-adapted management for clinical stage I testicular nonseminomatous germ cell tumors (CS I NSGCTs). We investigated risk factors for relapse following orchidectomy, with particular focus on patients with active surveillance. Patients with CS I NSGCTs treated by retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND), chemotherapy, or surveillance between January 1997 and December 2009 were identified. Demographic and post-operative records were collected. Disease-specific survival and progression-free survival (PFS) rates were estimated using Kaplan-Meier analysis. Cox regression analysis was used to confirm variables that influenced disease relapse. A median follow-up period of 82 months was achieved in 89 patients, of whom 9 (8 in surveillance and 1 in chemotherapy group) had relapses. Cumulative 5-year PFS rates were 74.1, 92.3, and 100 % for the surveillance, chemotherapy, and RPLND groups, respectively (p = 0.01). The relapse rate was significantly higher in patients presented with lymphatic/vascular invasion (LVI) than in those without LVI (26.6 vs. 6.8 %, p = 0.02). In the surveillance group, a higher relapse rate was associated with history of cryptorchidism (50 vs. 13.3 %, p = 0.02) and an age older than 13 years (33.3 vs. 5.9 %, p = 0.04). On multivariate analysis, patient age (OR 1.16; p = 0.05), history of cryptorchidism (OR 0.09; p = 0.01), and LVI (OR 12.10; p = 0.01) were significantly associated with relapse during surveillance. The disease-free period is short in the patients with surveillance. LVI, patient age, and history of cryptorchidism may be used as predictors for relapse during surveillance.
    Medical Oncology 03/2013; 30(1):494. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate factors in penile squamous cell carcinoma predictive of pelvic lymph node metastasis and survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected and analyzed retrospectively in 146 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of penis who underwent bilateral inguinal lymph node dissection in our center between January 1998 and April 2011. Variables recorded included serum squamous cell carcinoma antigen, primary tumor p53 immunoreactivity, histological grade, pathological tumor stage, lymphatic or vascular invasion, absent/unilateral or bilateral inguinal lymph node involvement, number of metastatic inguinal lymph nodes, presence of extracapsular growth and lymph node density. RESULTS: Seventy patients had inguinal lymph node metastasis (LNM). Of these, 33 (47.1 %) had pelvic LNM. Primary tumor strong p53 expression, lymphatic or vascular invasion, involvement of more than two inguinal lymph nodes and 30 % or greater lymph node density were significant predictors of pelvic LNM. Primary tumor strong p53 expression (odds ratio [OR] 5.997, 95 % confidence intervals [CI] 1.615-22.275), presence of extracapsular growth (OR 2.209, 95 % CI 1.166-4.184), involvement of more than two inguinal lymph nodes (OR 2.494, 95 % CI 1.086-5.728) and pelvic lymph node involvement (OR 18.206, 95 % CI 6.807-48.696) were independent prognostic factors for overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: Primary tumor expression of p53, lymphatic or vascular invasion, number of metastatic inguinal lymph nodes and lymph node density were all predictors of pathologic pelvic lymph node involvement. Patients with pelvic LNM had an adverse prognosis, with a 3-year overall survival rate of approximately 12.1 %. Pelvic lymph node dissection should be considered in these cases.
    World Journal of Urology 02/2013; · 2.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To investigate the significance of tumor location and superficial urothelial bladder carcinoma (UBC) history on oncological outcomes in patients treated with radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) for ureteral urothelial carcinoma (UC). METHODS: One hundred and thirty-two patients treated with RNU for ureteral UC between January 1999 and July 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. Recurrence probabilities and survival rates were analyzed, stratified by tumor location and superficial UBC history. RESULTS: Comparison of patients with proximal, middle, and distal ureteral UC showed that percentage of bladder recurrence was 13.3, 14.7, and 25.0 %, respectively (P = 0.285); retroperitoneal (tumor bed or lymph node) recurrence was 26.7, 14.7, and 27.9 % (P = 0.319); and contralateral recurrence was 0, 2.9, and 0 % (P = 0.234). Comparison of patients with and without history of superficial UBC revealed that percentage of bladder recurrence was 15.4 and 20.2 %, respectively (P = 0.681); retroperitoneal recurrence was 15.4 and 25.2 % (P = 0.433); and contralateral recurrence was 0 and 0.84 % (P = 0.740). Using multivariable Cox regression analyses, there were no significant differences of recurrence-free survival (RFS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) with regard to neither tumor location nor superficial UBC history (RFS: P = 0.282 and 0.762, CSS: P = 0.272 and 0.818, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Tumor location and history of superficial UBC could not be used to predict oncological outcomes of patients who underwent RNU for ureteral UC. Therefore, operative strategies or postoperative surveillance should not be affected by tumor location or history of superficial UBC.
    International Urology and Nephrology 02/2013; · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The reporting of complications following transperitoneal and retroperitoneal open radical nephrectomy (RN) is nonstandardized. The aim of this study was to compare early complications between the two approaches using a standardized reporting methodology in a large contemporary cohort. Between 1996 and 2009, 558 patients underwent open RN for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in our two centers. Records were reviewed for clinicopathological features and complications. Complications were graded using the Clavien system based on the severity of impact. One hundred and five patients (18.8%) had one or more early complications (168 complications overall). The overall rates of grade I to V complications were 5.6%, 10.8%, 2.2%, 0.4%, and 0.2%, respectively. Patients who underwent transperitoneal RN did not experience more overall or procedure-related complications than those who underwent retroperitoneal RN (P = 0.911 and P = 0.851, respectively). On subgroup analysis, neither grade I/II nor grade III-V complications were significantly different between the transperitonal RN and retroperitoneal RN groups. Multivariate analysis showed that for any grade of complication, age (P = 0.016) and estimated blood loss (P = 0.001) were significant predictors. We concluded that open RN is a safe procedure associated with low rates of serious morbidity and mortality. Compared with retroperitoneal RN, transperitoneal RN was not associated with more complications. Older patient age and more blood loss at surgery were independent predictors for higher early postoperative complication rates.
    Chinese journal of cancer 01/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: ZBP-89, a Krüppel-type zinc-finger transcription factor, is found to participate in tumor development, invasion and metastasis. However, the expression status of ZBP-89 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) remains elusive. Using quantitative real-time-PCR and Western Blot, we found that, in fresh cancer tissues, ZBP-89 was remarkably decreased in 79.2% (19/24) and 83.3% (5/6) of CCRCC at mRNA and protein level, respectively. Immunohistochemistry also revealed a significant decline of ZBP-89 expression in CCRCC, showing that low expression of ZBP-89 was present in 73.9% (105/142) of tumorous tissues but in 48.1% (52/108) of the corresponding adjacent kidney tissues. Furthermore, ZBP-89 expression in CCRCC was significantly correlated with several clinicopathological features, including TNM stage (P=0.005) and distal metastasis (P=0.001). Further study confirmed that ZBP-89 expression was markedly higher in metastatic CCRCC than that in non-metastatic tissue (P=0.002). In addition, CCRCC patients with low ZBP-89 expression survived longer than those with high ZBP-89 expression, as indicated by the result of univariate analysis (P<0.0001). More importantly, multivariate analysis revealed that ZBP-89 was an independent predictor of overall survival (HR, 2.871; 95% CI, 1.409-5.853; P=0.004). Collectively, our study provides vigorous evidence that ZBP-89 was significantly downregulated in CCRCC and could be served as a promising biomarker for prediction of distal metastasis and prognosis of patient with CCRCC.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 09/2012; 426(4):636-42. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: If a testicular cancer patient has a mass in the retroperitoneum on images, metastasis is often the first suspicion, probably leading to improper diagnosis and overtreatment. Here we report a case of retroperitoneal schwannoma mimicking metastatic seminoma. A 29-year-old man, who had a history of seminoma, presented with a single retroperitoneal mass suspected to be a metastasis. Because the patient refused radiotherapy, three cycles of cisplatin, etoposide, and bleomycin were offered. Post-chemotherapy computed tomography scan revealed persistence of the retroperitoneal mass, with no change in tumor size or characteristics. Subsequently, retroperitoneal lymph node dissection was performed. The dissected tissue contained negative lymph nodes but a single mass in the attached fat. Pathology revealed retroperitoneal schwannoma, which was confirmed by immunohistochemistry. Thus, clinicians should be aware of retroperitoneal schwannoma and its distinction from metastatic seminoma to avoid misdiagnosis and ensure proper patient management.
    Chinese journal of cancer 09/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the association of age, gender and urinary diversion category with postoperative complications of radical cystectomy. A total of 374 patients with bladder cancer undergoing modified radical cystectomy and urinary diversion between March 2000 and June 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. Their demographic, perioperative and complication data were recorded. And multivariable Logistic regression was used to investigate the predictors of perioperative complications. Among them, 38.8% (145/374) received ileal conduit, 47.9% (179/374) orthotopic ileal neobladder and 13.4% (50/374) orthotopic colonic neobladder. The overall perioperative complication rate was 37.4% (140/374). And 21.4% (80/374) experienced at least one complication within Day 90 postoperation while 16.3% (61/374) had the long-term complications (> Day 90). There was no significant association between patients age (P = 0.15) and perioperative complications or between gender (P = 0.16) and complication. Urinary diversion (OR = 0.26, 95%CI: 0.16 - 0.43) was the only variable significantly associated with the perioperative urinary complications. The categories of urinary diversion may be used as a single predictor for complications after radical cystectomy.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 08/2012; 92(32):2280-2.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the regulatory effect of cholesterol depletion on the proliferation inhibition and apoptosis of human prostate cancer PC-3 cells. We cultured PC-3 cells in cholesterol depletion media (CDM) or normal media (NM), and added to the media platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and epidermal growth factor (EGF), respectively. Then we observed cell morphology under the inverse microscope, detected cell growth inhibition by MTT assay, and analyzed cell apoptosis and cycle phase by flow cytometry. After treated with CDM for 48 hours, the PC-3 cells obviously grew rounder and smaller, with more detached ones, and their proliferation remarkably inhibited in a dose-dependent manner, while their apoptosis rate not significantly increased, as compared with those treated with NM. After exposure to PDGF or EGF, the number of cells was increased in the NM group, but there were more detached and apoptotic cells in the CDM group than in the former (P < 0.05). Cell cycle analysis showed an increase in the number of G0/G1-phase cells and a decrease in that of S- and G2/M-phase cells in the CDM group compared with the NM group. Cholesterol depletion could significantly inhibit the growth of PC-3 cells without obvious induction of their apoptosis, which is probably one of the self-regulating mechanisms of the cells avoiding apoptosis.
    Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology 02/2012; 18(2):130-4.
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    ABSTRACT: The prognostic features of T1N0M0 renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in Asian patients have not been well explored in large sample studies. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the records of 713 patients undergoing nephrectomy for T1N0M0 RCC between 1991 and 2009 in three Asian hospitals. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to identify the independent predictive factors for T1N0M0 RCC prognosis among a series of clinicopathological parameters, including age, gender, tumor size, Fuhrman grade, and histological classification. Our results showed that 388 of 713 patients had tumors 4.0 cm or smaller (stage T1a) and 325 of 713 patients had tumors 4.0-7.0 cm in size (stage T1b). Five-year cancer-specific survival (CSS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates for this group of patients were 96.0% and 93.5%, respectively. The patients with T1b RCC had a significantly lower 5-year CSS and RFS rates than did those with T1a RCC (CSS, 93.1% vs. 98.6%, P = 0.026; RFS, 90.0% vs. 96.5%, P < 0.001). Patients with low grade (grades I-II) tumors had a higher 5-year CSS (97.8% vs. 91.2%, P = 0.001) and RFS (95.5% vs. 85.5%, P < 0.001) rate than did those with high grade (grades I-II) tumors. More interestingly, when stratifying patients to T1a and T1b groups, the role of grade in distinguishing prognosis could be only observed in patients with T1b disease. Cox regression showed tumor size and Fuhrman grade were significant in predicting CSS and RFS. Our study suggests that the prognosis of patients with T1N0M0 RCC is excellent, and these results are comparable to previously reported studies in Western patients. Furthermore, our data indicates that patients with T1b disease and high Fuhrman grade have high risk of tumor recurrence and death, thus requiring more frequent follow-up.
    Chinese journal of cancer 11/2011; 30(11):772-8.