[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To introduce a new injection material for vocal fold diseases, which could be readily translated to clinical practice, we investigated the effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection on the injured vocal fold in terms of histological recovery.
Blood samples were drawn from New Zealand White rabbits and PRP was isolated through centrifugation and separation of the samples. Using a CO2 laser, we made a linear wound in the 24 vocal fold sides of 12 rabbits and injected each wound with PRP on one vocal fold side and normal saline (NS) on the other. Morphologic analyses were conducted at 2, 4, and 12 weeks after injection, and inflammatory response, collagen deposit, and changes in growth factors were assessed using H&E and masson trichrome (MT) staining and western blot assay.
PRP was prepared in approximately 40 minutes. The mean platelet concentration was 1,315,000 platelets/mm(3). In morphological analyses, decreased granulation was observed in the PRP-injected vocal folds (P<0.05). However, the irregular surface and atrophic change were not difference. Histological findings revealed significant inflammation and collagen deposition in NS-injected vocal folds, whereas the PRP-injected vocal folds exhibited less (P<0.05). However, the inflammatory reaction and fibrosis were not difference. In western blot assay, increased amounts of growth factors were observed in PRP-injected vocal folds.
Injection of injured rabbit vocal folds with PRP led to improved wound healing and fewer signs of scarring as demonstrated by decreased inflammation and collagen deposition. The increased vocal fold regeneration may be due to the growth factors associated with PRP.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology 03/2014; 7(1):47-52. · 0.88 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives
Currently, a variety of materials are available for the treatment of glottal insufficiency. Ideal injection materials should be inexpensive, easily obtainable, nontoxic, and biocompatible. Plasma gel has recently been developed as an injectable, autologous material used in plastic surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the histological changes in rabbit vocal folds (VFs) after an injection of plasma gel, compared with collagen (Artecoll) or hyaluronic acid (Reviderm Intra).Study DesignExperimental prospective animal study.SettingAnimal laboratory.Subjects and Methods
Blood samples were collected from 12 New Zealand rabbits. Plasma collected from each rabbit was centrifuged and processed using a gel heating system. All rabbits received a 0.05 ml injection of plasma gel into the right VF, while an equivalent volume of Artecoll or Reviderm Intra was injected into the left VFs of each 6 rabbits randomly. The larynges were collected 2, 4, and 8 weeks after injection, and the tissues were stained for histological analysis.ResultsIn comparison with left VFs injected with Artecoll or Reviderm Intra, there was significantly less inflammatory response and foreign body reaction in the plasma gel injected right VFs (P < .05). Multinucleated foreign body type giant cells were also more prevalent in the left VFs. There were no quantitative differences in the rates of neovascularization or collagen deposition between groups.Conclusion
Plasma gel is a biologically compatible material that may serve as a suitable augmentation material in injection laryngoplasty. Further studies that examine the long-term effects in a larger number of subjects are needed.
Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 07/2013; · 1.73 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Paranasal sinus mucoceles (PSMs) can involve the orbit because the topographic anatomies of the paranasal sinuses and orbit are interrelated. We encountered 27 patients with PSMs involving the orbit that caused orbital symptoms. In this study, we evaluated the frequent symptoms and signs of PSMs involving the orbit, and report postoperative changes of orbital symptoms including the effects on visual acuity. A retrospective chart review, radiologic evaluation, and interviews were conducted after Institutional Review Board approval was obtained. Over the past 11 years, we encountered 27 patients with PSMs involving the orbit. We classified the patients according to orbital symptoms and PSM origin, and evaluated the surgical outcomes. A total of 27 patients (17 males and 10 females) with PSMs involving the orbit were included in the present study. The mean patient age was 51.0 ± 9.7 years (range 32-90) and the mean follow-up period was 20.5 months (range 2-84). Proptosis (15/27, 56 %) was the most common symptom. Other common symptoms included orbital pain (9/27, 33 %), decreased visual acuity or vision loss (9/27, 33 %), and diplopia (7/27, 26 %). All symptoms except for vision loss were improved by endoscopic marsupialization regardless of the disease period. Four out of five patients with decreased visual acuity experienced complete recovery. The remaining patient showed partial improvement after surgery. Four patients who were blind when they initially visited the hospital did not show any improvement after surgery. For PSM patients with decreased visual acuity, we can predict that vision will improve after surgery regardless of the disease duration. However, blindness will probably not resolve after endoscopic marsupialization. Even if the orbital symptoms (except for blindness) have persisted for a long time, surgery could still produce positive outcomes.
Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 05/2013; · 1.29 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Injection of injured rabbit vocal folds with human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs) led to improved wound healing and fewer signs of scarring as demonstrated by a decreased collagen content in the treated folds compared with the untreated folds. hADSCs remained viable for up to 12 weeks in rabbit vocal folds.
The aim of this study was to investigate the morphologic and histologic properties of scarred rabbit vocal folds following injection of hADSCs.
This was a randomized, controlled animal study. Twenty-four vocal folds from 12 New Zealand rabbits were scarred using a CO(2) laser and injected with either hADSCs (left vocal fold) or phosphate-buffered saline (right vocal fold). Every 4 weeks for the first 12 weeks after injection, an endoscopic examination was performed to assess the morphology of the vocal folds. Twelve weeks later the animals were euthanized and the tissues were stained for histology.
In comparison with the right vocal folds, there was significantly less granulation tissue in the hADSCs-injected left vocal folds (p < 0.05). Histological examination revealed excessive collagen deposition and perichondral fibrosis in the right vocal folds, whereas the left vocal folds exhibited better wound healing and less collagen deposition (p < 0.05). Among the 12 specimens injected with hADSCs, 4 specimens demonstrated viable hADSCs under immunofluorescent cytochemistry.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the expression of cell-cycle regulators in papillary thyroid carcinoma in relation to lymph node metastatic features, and to determine whether immunohistochemical staining of cell-cycle markers can predict lymph node metastasis.
Cross-sectional study of prior surgical specimens.
Academic tertiary referral center.
We reviewed the clinical records of patients who had undergone surgery for thyroid cancer and follicular adenoma between January 2005 and May 2008 at our clinic. Among these cases, 92 patients, comprising 28 patients with follicular adenoma, 32 with papillary thyroid carcinoma without lymph node metastasis, and 32 with papillary thyroid carcinoma with lymph node metastasis, were selected randomly. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues from the 92 patients were immunohistochemically stained for cyclin D1, cyclin E, p27(kip1), and p57(kip2), and protein expression levels were quantified and compared among the groups.
Tumor specimens from the papillary thyroid carcinoma group had significantly higher expression levels of cyclin D1 and cyclin E, and cytoplasmic expression of p57(kip2) than the other two groups (P < 0.05). In particular, all malignant cases expressed cyclin D1, and cytoplasmic p57(kip2) was expressed only in malignant cases. Furthermore, differences in the grade of cyclin D1 expression according to lymph node metastasis were statistically significant (P < 0.05).
Our results suggest that immunohistochemistry of certain cell-cycle regulators may be helpful in the diagnosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma, and that cyclin D1 in particular may be a useful marker for evaluating lymph node metastasis.
Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 03/2010; 142(3):332-7. · 1.73 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to identify anatomical variations of the spinal accessory nerve (SAN) in the upper neck, the landmark of the anterior and inferior border of level IIb, and to evaluate the nerve's effect on the border and the number of lymph nodes (LNs) in level IIb.
Case series with planned data collection.
A total of 181 neck dissections (NDs) were prospectively enrolled in this study. The relation between the SAN and adjacent structures (internal jugular vein [IJV], sternocleidomastoid muscle [SCM], cervical plexus) and the number of LNs in level IIb was investigated.
The SAN crossed the IJV ventrally in 72 cases (39.8%) and dorsally in 104 cases (57.4%), and passed through the IJV in five cases (2.8%). The SAN ran along the inner surface of the SCM and sent branches to the SCM without penetration of the muscle in 83 cases (45.9%), whereas in 98 cases (54.1%) the nerve sent branches to the SCM by penetration. Cervical plexus contribution to the SAN was seen from C2 in 96 cases (53.1%), C2 and C3 in 69 cases (38.1%), and C3 in 16 cases (8.8%). The mean number of LNs of level IIa and level IIb was 6.5 and 8.2 in cases in which the SAN crossed the IJV ventrally, and 6.8 and 5.4 in dorsally crossing cases. LNs included in the neck level IIb in ventrally crossing SAN cases were significantly larger than the dorsally crossing cases (P < 0.05).
Our results may help to minimize the incidence of injuring the SAN in the upper neck during ND. Neck level IIb would contain more LNs if the course of the nerve leans toward the ventral side.
Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 11/2009; 141(5):639-44. · 1.73 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ectopic thyroid tissue is an uncommon embryologic aberration characterized by the presence of thyroid tissue in a site other than its usual pre-tracheal location. Single ectopic thyroid tissue is the most common variant, and the base of the tongue is the most frequent ectopic location. Dual ectopic thyroid is extremely rare, and only eleven cases have been reported in the English literature. Furthermore, adenomatous hyperplasia has never been reported to arise from dual ectopic thyroid. There has been only one reported case of adenomatous hyperplasia arising from a single intratracheal ectopic thyroid. We report a case of adenomatous hyperplasia arising from dual ectopic thyroid tissue that presented as a sublingual mass in a 37-yr-old woman. The diagnosis was made through pathologic examination after surgical resection. We also discuss the diagnosis and treatment of ectopic thyroid, along with a review of the literature.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology 09/2009; 2(3):155-8. · 0.88 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Numerous methods have been utilized to repair nasal septal perforation with varying degrees of success; however, no consensus has been reached on nasoseptal perforation repair. Here, the authors describe a surgical method based on human dermal allograft (Surederm, Hans Biomed Corp. Korea) for the repair of nasal septal perforations.
Eleven patients with a nasal septal perforation were included in this study. The causes of these septal perforations included previous nasal surgery, trauma, foreign body (button battery), and idiopathy. There were several sites of perforation: 9 in the central area, 1 in the posterior-central area, and 1 in the anterior area. An interpositional graft incorporating Surederm was positioned between bilateral mucoperichondrial flaps using an intranasal approach. A silastic sheet was then left in the nasal septum bilaterally until complete healing had occurred through new nasal mucosa, which took a mean duration of 6 weeks.
Outcomes in ten of the eleven patients were successful, with complete septal perforation closure. The remaining perforation, which was caused by a button battery, closed incompletely; however, its initial size of 2 cm was reduced to 5 mm.
The described technique has a high success rate and can be performed under local anesthesia without external scarring. In the absence of donor site morbidity, this technique can also be utilized to repair posterior or multiple septal perforations without difficulty.
Yonsei Medical Journal 05/2008; 49(2):244-8. · 1.31 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A variety of approaches have been introduced to perform injection laryngoplasty under local anesthesia. Among these reported methods, transcutaneous injection through the cricothyroid space offers many advantages, but it possesses some technical difficulties during access to the vocal fold. The aim of this study was to assess the anatomic references related to transcutaneous injection laryngoplasty through cricothyroid space using 3-dimensionally reconstructed computed tomography to provide guidelines and to achieve higher efficacy during the procedure. The study group consisted of 14 patients (7 male, 7 female) with unilateral vocal fold paralysis and who had undergone multi-detector array computed tomography (MDCT) between January 2004 and December 2005. Assumption was made that transcutaneous injection is approached from the surface at lower margin of the thyroid cartilage and 7 mm lateral to the midline through the cricothyroid membrane and spot at the posterior 1/3 of true vocal cord is the target for injection laryngoplasty. From the surface of the injection point to the target, a line was drawn. Its length and the angle formed between it and the approach direction of needle was measured. Based on these measurements, 15 patients (8 male, 7 female) with unilateral vocal fold paralysis received 15 trials of transcutaneous injection laryngoplasty through the cricothyroid space. The average length from the surface of the injection point (7 mm lateral to the midline) to the posterior 1/3 of the true vocal cord (target of the injection) was 15.75 mm in men and 13.91 mm in women. The average of the angle in medial direction at the surface needed to reach the target of the injection was 10.57 degrees in men and 12.71 degrees in women, and in superior direction was 47.57 degrees in men and 47.43 degrees in women. Injection laryngoplasty performed under acquired reference measurements were successful in 14 trials (93.3%) out of 15 trials in 15 patients. We suggest that knowledge of the anatomic references regarding the transcutaneous injection laryngoplasty through cricothyroid space will provide guidelines for beginners and improve the understanding of the procedure, eventually leading to easier and more precise access to the vocal cord.
Archiv für Klinische und Experimentelle Ohren- Nasen- und Kehlkopfheilkunde 04/2008; 265(3):313-9. · 1.46 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chronic tympanic membrane (TM) perforations are a common problem in otolaryngology. However, there are controversies of how
best to treat TM perforation. Recently, we successfully managed TM perforation with paper patch after trimming the perforated
TM margin with the CO2 laser. The purpose of this report is to demonstrate the trial of this method and effectiveness. The authors conducted a retrospective
case series from March 2000 to January 2005. Ninety patients underwent paper-patch myringoplasty with the CO2 laser. The procedure was performed in an office setting under local anesthesia. We investigated perforation size and postoperative
success rate. Successful closure of the TM was achieved in 52.2% of cases (47/90) without any severe complication. The procedure
was successful in 16 of 19 (84.2%) cases in perforation smaller than 2mm, 19 of 29 (63.0%) cases when the size was 2–4mm,
10 of 25 (40.0%) cases when the size was 4–6mm, and 2 of 17 (11.8%) cases when the size was ≥6mm. A significant difference
was found: Perforation with <4mm had the higher closure rate (χ2 test, P<0.01). There was no correlation between the size of perforation and the number of patch graft (χ2 test, P>0.05). The results showed paper-patch myringoplasty after CO2 laser trimming is simple and safe to perform, and suitable as an outpatient procedure, especially in small perforations (<4mm).
Archiv für Klinische und Experimentelle Ohren- Nasen- und Kehlkopfheilkunde 01/2008; 265(10):1161-1164. · 1.46 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This prospective study attempts to explore the effect of glycerol on vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) in patients with definite unilateral Meniere's disease (MD) and to investigate whether the test reflects different pathologic states of endolymphatic hydrops (EH) in the inner ear by comparing the results of glycerol pure tone audiometry (PTA). Twenty-eight patients with definite unilateral MD were studied. As a control group, 11 patients with vestibular neuritis were selected. Sixteen ears of normal volunteers were enrolled to acquire normal range of the test. Each MD patient underwent glycerol testing measure with both conventional PTA and VEMP testing. Eleven vestibular neuritis patients also underwent glycerol-VEMP testing. The difference ratio was adopted to compare the changes in p1-n1 amplitude and latency of VEMP after the administration of glycerol (1.3 g/kg). Significant changes in the VEMP wave after the glycerol loading were seen in amplitude, but not in latency with MD patients. On the affected side, the amplitude of the p1-n1 biphasic wave significantly increased in 11 of 28 (39.3%) ears and decreased in 2 (7.1%) ears. On the unaffected side, 5 (17.9%) ears showed significant increase in amplitude. Significant changes in PTA were noted after administration of glycerol in 14 of 28 (50%) patients with MD. However, there was no statistically significant correlation between the test results. Glycerol administration had no significant effect on VEMP in patients with vestibular neuritis. The amplitude of VEMP in some patients with MD was increased, but the latency was not influenced by oral administration of glycerol. The severity of EH appears to vary in different parts of the inner ear. Glycerol-VEMP test results in patients with vestibular neuritis suggest that the VEMP reflects potential abnormality in the sacculocollic pathway, while glycerol-VEMP identifies the existence of EH in the saccule. VEMP and PTA after glycerol administration provide potential status of MD.
Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 12/2007; 264(11):1275-81. · 1.29 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to analyze the psychological characteristics of patients with vocal nodules and to establish the relationship between these characteristics and the development of vocal nodules.
A tertiary medical centre.
The patient group consisted of 41 housewives with vocal nodules, and the control group consisted of 35 housewives who did not have any vocal pathology. The subjects completed questionnaires related to the voice disorder and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revision.
The scores of the patient group with less than 1 year of symptom duration (acute) and more than 1 year of symptom duration (chronic) were also compared with those of the controls.
The total patient group differed statistically from the control group on seven neurotic dimensions (p < .001) and one psychotic dimension (p < .05). The acute group differed on two neurotic dimensions (p < .05). We suggest that the neurotic traits found in the acute group may play a role in the development of vocal nodules. The dimensions in which the total patient group differed significantly from the control group may indicate the changes that occur in the psychological characteristics following voice change. The collective results indicate that psychological characteristics play an important role in the pathogenesis of vocal nodules. Hence, greater attention should be given to the psychological and emotional aspects of patients for the treatment and prevention of vocal nodules.
The Journal of otolaryngology 09/2007; 36(4):227-32. · 0.50 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC) is a rare malignancy, with features of both basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. The tumor has a predilection for the upper aerodigestive tract, and has been suggested to behave more aggressively than squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). To the author's knowledge, BSCC confined to the external auditory canal (EAC) has not been previously described. BSCC of EAC manifests similar characteristics as the conventional EAC cancer, presenting a mass with chronic otorrhea and itching sense. Excision of the tumor was accomplished by modified lateral temporal bone resection. This report describes the first case of BSCC in this location, and includes reviews of the pathologic and clinical aspects of this disease.
Archiv für Klinische und Experimentelle Ohren- Nasen- und Kehlkopfheilkunde 07/2007; 264(6):697-9. · 1.46 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sudden deafness, in most cases, has no apparent cause. In some cases viral infection, vascular occlusion, or a cochlear membrane rupture may be responsible for the sudden loss of hearing. In this study, we analyzed etiology, audiologic, psychiatric, and clinical aspects of psychogenic sudden deafness through a retrospective chart review. Patients included were thought to have sudden deafness as a result of psychogenic causes and/or stresses.
We reviewed the records of 277 patients who had been admitted to the Department of Otolaryngology, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, from January 1997 to July 2003, with the initial diagnosis of idiopathic sudden hearing loss.
In the medical history of 9 patients, there was an association between sudden onset of hearing loss and psychogenic events. There were 4 patients who had a preexisting mental health condition. A psychiatrist provided the classification of psychogenic sudden deafness for 7 patients (2.5%) who had organic causes ruled out. These patients showed discrepancy between pure tone audiometry and ABR. There were 2 males and 5 females; 4 patients were in their 10's, 1 in his 20's, and 2 in their 40's. Three patients had bilateral hearing loss and 4 had unilateral loss. The hearing test scores revealed: 4 patients with severe to profound hearing loss at 71 dB or higher, 2 patients with moderately severe hearing loss ranging from 56 to 70 dB, and 1 patient with moderate hearing loss from 41 to 56 dB. Hearing was restored in all patients, partially or completely, by treatment with steroid injections and psychotherapy.
A total of 2.5% of sudden onset hearing loss cases in our study were a result of psychogenic causes. We observed distinctive features for audiologic measures, psychiatric findings, and clinical characteristics. The recovery rate and prognosis were better in patients who had accurate audiometry and were under the care of a psychiatrist.
Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 07/2006; 134(6):970-4. · 1.73 Impact Factor