Chun-hua Zhao

Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (23)1.25 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to establish and validate a clinically relevant model of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) via injection of autologous blood into the brains of cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis). Eight male cynomolgus macaques received 1.5 mL of fresh anticoagulated autologous femoral artery blood into the inner side of the claustrum near the right basal ganglia under stereotactic guidance. Animals were evaluated with MRI and positron emission tomography (PET) scanning before and 24 hours after surgery and once per week thereafter. A neurological deficit scale was used to assess the animals on days 1, 2, 3, 7, 14, 21, and 28 after surgery. Animals showed focal neurological signs corresponding to the MRI-located hematoma. The behavioral impairment progressively ameliorated over time, but never fully resolved. The hematoma was absorbed over time but was still present 4 weeks after surgery, with persistent metabolic deficit detected using PET scanning. Histological examinations confirmed the in vivo findings. This ICH model in a non-human primate mimics human ICH in the basal ganglia and may be useful for assessing the safety and efficacy of neuroprotective agents.
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 07/2011; 18(7):955-60. · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic potential of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) on acute liver injury induced by concanavalin A (ConA). MSCs were isolated from male C57BL/6 mice and cultured, and a ConA-induced acute liver injury model was used. MSCs were systemically infused immediately after mice were challenged with ConA, control mice received only saline infusion. 24 hours after MSC transplantation, the level of serum aminotransferases, histologic change and in situ apoptosis of cells were detected, the expression of inflammatory mediators were examined by real-time RT-PCR. The results indicated that MSC transplantation significantly reduced ConA-induced acute liver injury, including the decrease of the level of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and the extenuation of liver necrosis and in situ apoptosis. Furthermore, after MSC infusion the expression of TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma in liver decreased greatly (p<0.05) with no statistical difference in the expression of iNOS, IL-2 and IL-10 (p>0.05). It is concluded that the systemic infusion of MSCs can alleviate ConA induced acute liver injury in mice.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 10/2009; 17(5):1289-93.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the feasibility of directionally inducing human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAD-MSCs) towards inner ear hair cells. Mesenchymal stem cells from human adipose tissue were isolated, purified and cultured in vitro. hAD-MSCs were induced to neural stem/progenitor-like cell, and then co-cultured with embryonic chick otic vesicle cells. Processed hAD-MSCs were tested by immunostaining to ascertain whether they expressed characteristic hair cell markers. Morphologically, hAD-MSCs were induced to differentiate into neural stem/progenitor cells and expressed specific neural markers. After being co-cultured with embryonic chick otic vesicle cells, hAD-MSCs expressed specific surface markers of inner ear hair cells. hAD-MSCs can be directionally induced to differentiate towards hair cell-like cells in vitro.
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 05/2009; 44(4):323-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the relationship between TNF-alpha, transcriptional co-activator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) and bone disease of multiple myeloma. The biological characteristics, especially the osteogenic potential of marrow MSCs from myeloma patients and normal subjects were studied. Real-time RT-PCR and Western-blot were employed to detect mRNA and protein expression of TAZ in MSCs. The concentration of TNF-alpha in the marrow plasma was detected using ELISA method. CD138(+) myeloma cells were cocultured with normal MSCs with or without anti-human TNF-alpha monoclonal antibody in the Transwell system. Real-time RT-PCR was employed to detect the mRNA expressions of ALP, Cbfa1 and TAZ in MSCs two weeks later. von Kossa staining was used to detect the mineral deposition. TNF-alpha was added into the culture media of normal marrow MSCs and real-time RT-PCR and Western-blot were employed to detect mRNA and protein expression of TAZ in MSCs one week later. Real-time RT-PCR revealed that the mRNA of osteogenic markers was decreased in comparison with that of normal controls after cultured in the osteogenic medium. von Kossa staining showed weakened mineral deposition in MSCs from multiple myeloma patients compared with that in normal subjects after osteogenic differentiation for two weeks. The mRNA and protein levels of TAZ in the MSCs from myeloma patients were decreased. TNF-alpha concentration in the marrow plasma of myeloma patients was higher than that in the normal controls [(355.4 +/- 49.1) vs. (92.3 +/- 17.2) pg/ml]. CD138(+) myeloma cells inhibited mRNA expressions of ALP, Cbfal1 and TAZ in MSCs, which could be partially reversed by anti-human TNF-alpha monoclonal antibody. The osteogenic potential of MSCs from myeloma patients is significantly decreased in comparison with that in normal subjects, which may play an important role in the pathology of myeloma bone disease. TAZ expression inhibited by TNF-alpha may play an important role in this inhibition effect.
    Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] 02/2009; 31(1):5-9.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to explore the changes in cellular senescence related indexes of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) after total body irradiation (TBI). At different time points after 4 Gy irradiation, BMMSCs were isolated from male C57BL/6 mice and cultured. Morphology, senescence-associated beta-galactosidase (SA-beta-gal) staining and cell cycle analysis were used to evaluate the changes in BMMSCs at cellular level while real-time RT-PCR was used to detect the alterations in senescence related gene expression including p16INK4a, p21Cip1/Waf1, p53 and TGF-beta1. The results showed that within 4 weeks after exposure to 4 Gy TBI, the morphology of BMMSCs and the expression level of SA-beta-gal were not significantly changed, the cellular senescence-related cell cycle arrest was not occurred and the senescence related gene expression level was not increased. It is concluded that at the early stage after 4 Gy TBI, the related molecular level of cellular senescence in BMMSCs is not changed.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 01/2009; 16(6):1387-91.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the method for labeling Flk1+ CD31- CD34- human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) with ferumoxide-PLL and evaluate the feasibility of its tracing after transplantation into the brains of Macaca Fascicularis. The hBMSCs were incubated with ferumoxide-PLL. Trypan blue staining, Prussian blue staining, and transmission electron microscope were performed to show intracellular iron, marking efficiency, and the vigor of the labeled cells. After the hBMSCs were transplanted into the brains of cynomolgus monkeys by stereotaxis, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed to trace the cells in vivo. Cell survival and differentiation were studied with immunohistochemistry, Prussian blue staining, and HE staining. The marking efficiency of the ferumoxide-PLL was 96%. Iron particles were found intracytoplasmic of the hBMSCs by Prussian blue staining and transmission electron microscopy. The relaxation rates of labeled cells in MRI were 4.4 and 4.2 times higher than those of the unlabeled cells. Hypointensity area was found by MRI three weeks after transplantation. Many hBMSCs and new vessels were found in the transplantation zone by pathological and immunofluorescence methods. Ferumoxide-PLL can effectively label hBMSCs and thus increase its contrast in MRI results. The cells can survive in the brains of cynomolgus monkeys. The labeled hBMSCs can be traced in vivo by MRI.
    Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae 11/2008; 30(5):559-63.
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    ABSTRACT: The study was aimed to compare the effects of T-cell suppression mediated by mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) from normal individuals and myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) patients. MSC were cultured from the bone marrow of 12 healthy volunteers and 12 MDS patients, the morphology, surface markers and expression of several cytokines of MSC from normal individuals and MDS patients were compared, and the effects of T-cell suppression were tested in the following assays: phytohemaglutinin (PHA)-primed cultures, mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR), cell cycle of T-cell after PHA-primed cultures and apoptosis of T-cell as well. The results showed that the MSC from normal individuals and MDS patients were similar in morphology, proliferation and surface markers. The suppressions of T-cell proliferation induced by PHA and alloantigens mediated by MDS-MSC were significantly lower than that of normal MSC. More T-cells were arrested in G0/G1 phase by normal MSC, while the effects were deficient by MDS-MSC. The suppression of T-cell activation mediated by MDS-MSC was also lower than that of normal MSC, but suppression effect on T-cell apoptosis increased. The cytokines TGF-beta1, 3, FasL expressed by MDS-MSC were reduced as compared with normal MSC, but TGF-beta2 expression increased in MDS-MSC. It is concluded that although the morphology, proliferation and cell surface markers of MDS-MSC are normal, the T-cell suppression mediated by MDS-MSC is deficient as compared with normal controls. Whether these abnormalities are relevant to the pathogenesis of aplastic anemia remains to be determined.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 05/2008; 16(2):299-304.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of irradiation on the quantity and osteogenesis potential of BMMSCs and to explore the response of them in the irradiation stress and its contribution to long-term effects of radiation-induced bone and hematologic injury, a total body irradiation (TBI) murine model was adopted. The number of CFU-F and cell cycle profile of BMMSCs were analyzed at different time points before and after TBI. Osteogenic differentiation was evaluated by Von Kossa staining, expressions of osteogenesis-related genes and transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) were detected by real-time RT-PCR. The results showed that the number of CFU-F decreased greatly at day 28 after TBI. At day 3 after TBI, more cells entered cell cycle and the osteogenesis potential was greatly enhanced followed by recovery of cell cycle distribution and significant defect in osteoblast differentiation respectively, meanwhile the expression of TAZ was changed. It is concluded that TBI results in the reduction of bone marrow mesenchymal stem/progenitor cell pool and alters the osteogenesis potential of BMMSCs, which is related to the change of TAZ expression.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 05/2007; 15(2):313-8.
  • Mi-Chun He, Jing Li, Chun-Hua Zhao
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    ABSTRACT: Oxygen is essential for life, but cultivation of cells is usually performed under 20% O(2), that do not replicate normal physiological hypoxia or pathological hypoxia conditions in the body. Recently, the effect of hypoxia on mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has been studied, under physiological hypoxia, MSCs thrive well, and the ability differentiating to osteoblast, chondrocyte and adipocyte as well as the ability of migration are changed. Hypoxia changes the physiological characteristics of embryonic stem cell, hematopoietic stem cell and neuron stem cell as well. The mechanism of these responses might be primarily involved in the hypoxic inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) signal pathway. This review emphasizes that hypoxia is an important factor on all major aspects of stem cell biology including survival, proliferation, differentiation, and migration, and the mechanism involved in HIF-1 signaling pathway behind these responses was also discussed.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 05/2007; 15(2):433-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of treatment of stroke in rats with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and mechanism thereof. Bone marrow of a healthy volunteer was collected and the BMSCs were separated with density gradient centrifugation. The hBMSC were cultivated and harvested until the third passage. A number of adult male Sprague-Dawley rats received corresponding behavioral training before surgery and underwent transient middle cerebral arterial occlusion (MCAO) for 2 hours. Sixty of them showing the scores of 6 approximately 12 according to the modified neurological severity score system were randomly divided into 2 groups: treatment group (n = 48, injected into the cortex around the ischemic areas with hBMSCs 3x10(5)/15 microl) and control group (n = 12, injected with D-Hanks solution 15 microl 24 hours after the establishment of MCAO models. Morris water maze test, Rotarod test and adhesive-removal test were performed since the 4th day to the 32 day after transplantation once every 3 days. 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks after the transplantation 12 rats from each group were killed randomly to take out their brains. Immunofluorescence was used to identify the migration, survival and differentiation of the hBMSC. A large number of hBMSC could be seen within 2 weeks after transplantation. The number of hBMSC decreased since the 21st day after transplantation and few cells could be found at the end of 1 month after. No definite evidence supported the differentiation of neural cells derived from the hBMSCs during the whole process. Morris water maze test showed that the mean escape time 1 week after transplantation of the treatment group was (69 +/- 10) s, significantly shorter than that of the control group [(120 +/- 0) s, P < 0.05] The significant difference persisted until the 4(th) week (P > 0.05). Rotarod test with the speed of 10 r/min showed that the mean latency period 10 days after transplantation of the treatment group was (167 +/- 18) s, significantly longer than that of the control group [(37 +/- 19) s, P < 0.05]. The significant difference persisted until the experimental terminal. The adhesive-removal test showed that the mean latency period 13 days after transplantation of the treatment group was (33 +/- 8) s, significant shorter than that of the control group [(84 +/- 13) s, P < 0.05]. The significant difference persisted until the experimental terminal. Injection of hBMSCs into brain cortex improves neurological functional recovery after stroke. The transplanted cells can migrate and survive for a certain period, but no hBMSC express proteins phenotype of neural cells.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 01/2007; 87(3):184-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the feasibility that transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) -loaded fibrin sealant (FS) promotes bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) to create tissue engineering cartilage in vivo. The BMSCs were isolated from healthy human and amplified in vitro, and then induced by defined medium containing TGF-beta1 and dexamethasone. After 7 days the induced BMSCs were collected and mixed with TGF-beta1-loaded FS or FS as BMSCs+ FS-TGF-beta1 group and BMSCs+ FS experimental group. Then the mixture was injected by a needle into the dorsum of nude mice. In control group, only FS or BMSCs were injected. The tissue engineering specimens were harvested from nude mice 12 weeks later. Gross observation, average wet weight measurement, glycosaminoglycan (GAG) quantification, histology and immunohistochemistry were used to evaluate the results. The BMSCs have possessed the shape and functional characters of chondrocyte when transferred to a defined medium. After injection of the mixture, the cartilage-like tissue were formed in two experimental groups. Compared with BMSC+ FS group, the specimens of BMSCs +FS-TGF-beta1 group were larger and firmer. Alcian staining showed better metachromatic matrix formation. The GAG contents were significantly higher. Immunohistochemical staining of collagen type II was stronger. However, no cartilage-like tissue was formed in two control groups. TGF-beta1-loaded FS can promote BMSCs to contract injectable tissue engineering cartilage in vivo.
    Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae 01/2006; 27(6):692-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether human adipose derived adult stem (hADAS) cells can differentiate into endothelial cells. Stem cells were isolated and expanded from adipose tissue and then induced to differentiate into cells of osteogenic, adipogenic and neurogenic lineages in vitro. hADAS cells were induced with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) to endothelial cells differentiation. hADAS cells were intravenously injected into mouse hindlimb ischemic models to test their ability to differentiate endothelial cells in vivo. hADAS cells were easily isolated and expanded in vitro. They had the ability to differentiate into osteogenic, adipogenic and neurogenic lineages. The cells expressed vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2, Flk1), and expressed endothelial markers when cultured with VEGF and bFGF. In response to local cues, hADAS cells in vivo differentiate into endothelial cells that contributed to neoangiogenesis in hindlimb ischemia models. Flk1+ hADAS cells have multipotential not only similar to bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, but also exhibiting characteristics of endothelial progenitor cells. They may be a potential source of endothelial cells for cellular pro-angiogenic therapies.
    Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae 01/2006; 27(6):678-82.
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    ABSTRACT: To establish rhesus haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation model by nonmyeloablative conditioning, and examine the effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) in haploidentical transplantation. The recipient haploidentical rhesus monkeys were conditioned with a nonmyeloablative regimen consisted of fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, 200 cGy total body irradiation, and rabbit anti-human thymocyte globulin. Cyclosporine A, mycophenolate mofetil and anti CD25 antibody were used for graft versus host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis. Rhesus monkeys in one group were given hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) only, while in the other group HSC combined with MSC. The differences in hematopoiesis recovery, chimerism level, and GVHD between the two groups were evaluated. Stable chimerism could be achieved in recipient monkeys. Hematopoiesis recovery was mainly related with chimerism level. MSC seemed capable of facilitating HSC engraftment, as there were more mixed chimerism and less GVHD occurrence in the HSC combined with MSC recipient group. A rhesus haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation model is successfully established by nonmyeloablative conditioning. MSC was of great benefit to haploidentical transplantation.
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 08/2005; 26(7):385-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Fibrosis is the common end stage of most liver diseases. Unfortunately, there is no effective treatment available currently. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of Flk1+ mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) from murine bone marrow (Flk1 + MSC) on fibrosis formation induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). In this study Flk1+ MSC were isolated from bone marrow of male BALB/c mice. A CCl4 induced hepatic fibrosis model was used. Flk1+ MSC were systemically infused immediately or one week after the female mice were challenged with CCl4. Fibrosis index and donor cell engraftment were assessed two or five weeks after CCl4 challenge. We found that Flk1+ MSC transplantation immediately, but not one week after exposure to CCl4, significantly reduced CCl4-induced liver damage and collagen deposition. In addition, levels of hepatic hydroxyproline and serum fibrosis markers (HA, P-III-P) in mice receiving immediate Flk1+ MSC transplantation after CCl4 challenge were significantly lower compared to those of control mice. More importantly, histological examination suggested that hepatic damage recovery was much better in these immediately Flk1+ MSC-treated mice. Immunofluorescence, PCR, and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis revealed that donor cells engrafted into host liver, had epithelium-like morphology and expressed albumin (ALB), although at low frequency. In conclusion Flk1+ MSC might initiate endogenous hepatic tissue regeneration, engraft into host liver in response to CCl4 injury, and ameliorate its fibrogenic effects.
    Sheng wu gong cheng xue bao = Chinese journal of biotechnology 06/2005; 21(3):396-401.
  • Lian-Ming Liao, Qin Han, Chun-Hua Zhao
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    ABSTRACT: There has been an increasing interest in recent years on mesenchymal stem cell (MSC). It is well known that MSCs are capable of self-renewal and differentiating into many cell lineages. MSC can be expended to a large quantity that is required for clinical transplantation. Recent studies show that MSC have potential application in immune diseases due to their unique immunologic characteristics, such as low immunogenicity and immunoregulatory function. But their immunoregulatory mechanism is not yet clear. This review discusses the advances in researches on the mechanism of MSCs' immunoregulatory function and potential clinical application in immune disease and organ transplantation.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 03/2005; 13(1):158-63.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to explore effect of CD8+CD28- T-lymphocyte in the inhibition of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) on T-lymphocyte proliferation. T cells were harvested by using nylon column and CD8+ T cells were sorted by magnetic beads; the T-lymphocyte proliferation in the presence of PHA was evaluated by MTT; the proportion of CD8+CD28- T cells was assayed by fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS). The results showed that MSC inhibited T-lymphocyte proliferation and the inhibitory effect depended on the amount of MSC; the data of FACS indicated that in the CD8+ T cells co-cultured with MSC, CD8+CD28- T cells were up-regulated significantly, compared with the non-treated CD8+ T cells. In conclusion, MSC perform their immunosuppressive function by up-regulation of CD8+CD28- T cells.
    Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 11/2004; 12(5):666-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore whether coculture of dendritic cells (DC) with cytokine-induced killer (CIK) lead to an increase of cytotoxicity against tumor cells in vitro and in vivo. DC and CIK were prepared from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) by conventional methods, the DC pulsed with or without NB4 leukemia cell lyses (LCL) was cocultured with the CIK (LCL-DC + CIK and DC + CIK), CIK was used as control. Cells phenotypes were analyzed by flow cytometry, secretion of IFN-gamma was determined by ELISPOT assay, and cytotoxicity was assayed in vitro with (51)Cr-release assay. A human leukemia cell NB4-bearing nude mice model was established to test in vivo antitumor efficacy and cell homing. Compared with CIK, LCL-DC + CIK got a significant increasing of proliferation rate [(18.2 +/- 2.1) times vs (11.6 +/- 2.3) times, P < 0.05] and CD(3)(+)CD(56)(+) expression rate [(51.05 +/- 2.63)% vs (30.18 +/- 1.45)%, P < 0.05], and the number of IFN-gamma secreting cells was increased significantly [(13.86 +/- 3.28)/10(4) cells vs (8.74 +/- 2.53)/10(4) cells, n = 12, P < 0.05]. Meanwhile, LCL-DC + CIK led to an increase of cytotoxic activity to NB4, K562, and KG1a cells, and showed significant inhibition of the growth of transplanted tumor cells and increased tumor free survival rate of nude mice (100% vs 66.7%, P < 0.05), DiI labeled LCL-DC + CIK were detected in spleen, lymph node and tumor within a week after injection. There was no significant different in antitumor activity between LCL-DC + CIK cell and DC + CIK cell. Coculture of CIK with DCs can promote the effect of CIK against tumor in vitro and in vivo. DC-CIK is promising as an immuno-therapeutic strategy for patients with leukemia.
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 05/2004; 25(5):277-80.
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of the Smad3- knockout on the hematopoiesis of mouse were investigated in this work. Five pairs of wild type and Smad3- null mice were studied. White blood cell(WBC), red blood cell(RBC) and platelet (PLT) counting of peripheral blood cells were performed with blood obtained from tails. And white blood cells were classified by their morphology. Bone marrow nucleated cells (BMNCs) were counted and classified. The CFU-GM, BFU-E, CFU-GEMM yields were measured in each pair of mice. CFU-S yield of each mouse was measured by injecting bone marrow cells into lethally irradiated 8-10 weeks old wild type female mice. And the pathomorphism of their bone marrows, spleens and livers were observed. As a result, WBC and PLT of Smad3- null mice were significantly higher than those in wild type mice. Smad3- null mice had much more proportion of granulocytes in classification. There wasn't any difference in RBC counting and BFU-E measurement. The yield of CFU-GM increased, while the yields of CFU-GEMM and CFU-S markedly reduced. Bone marrows are actively proliferative, with granulocytosis. The granulocyte/erythrocyte ratio increased. There were no obviously alterative in spleen and liver. Thus Smad3- knockout results in a decreased number of stem and progenitor cells. Moreover hematopoietic differentiation is abnormal with a tendency to forming more granulocytes and platelets. The effect of Smad3 on hematopoiesis is correlative to that of TGF-beta.
    Sheng wu gong cheng xue bao = Chinese journal of biotechnology 08/2003; 19(4):428-32.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the feasibility of DC being in vitro induced from AML cells with cytokine cocktails and their biological properties. AML cells were cultured in either presence or absence of cytokine cocktails. DC were studied for morphology, and cytochemical and immunofluorescent staining. Functions of DC were examined by MLC, FITC-conjugated dextran uptake test, and LDH release assay. RT-PCR and FISH were used to analyze the specific fusion genes of culture-derived DC. Classical DC morphological changes occurred in all 15 cultured AML cells. DC-associated surface molecules such as CD(1a), CD(80), CD(86), CD(106), CD(83) and HLA-DR were upregulated (P < 0.05). The allostimulatory abilities of culture-derived DC were significantly higher than those of AML cells uncultured or cultured in the absence of cytokines (P < 0.05). Culture-derived DC only in the presence of GM-CSF + IL-4 have phagocytotic activities. CTL assay was performed in 5 of the 15 samples. At effector/target ratio of 20:1, auto-T lymphocytes primed with the culture-derived DC exhibited no more killing activity to auto-AML cells than those stimulated by IL-2 or uncultured AML cells. Culture-derived DC presenced the native AML-specific aberrant karyotype and related fusion gene. Cytokine cocktails could in vitro induce AML cells into DC with classical morphology, immunophenotype and function. DC maturity induced by different cytokine cocktails could be variable. Culture-derived DC were originated from the native AML cells. AML cells could make the auto-T lymphocyte anergy.
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 07/2003; 24(7):365-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the characteristics of dermal mesenchymal stem cells (DMSC), and explore whether they could enhance hematopoiesis recovery in vivo as well as facilitate proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic cells in vitro. Multipotential stem cells from the murine dermal mesenchyme were dissociated and cultured as donor cells. After 2 approximately 3 passages, the growth status, cell cycle, immunophenotype and morphology of DMSC were analyzed. Hematopoietic cells were plated onto a feeder layer formed by DMSC, cell count and CFU-GM yields were observed dynamically. Female mice received 5 Gy (137)Cs radiation were injected with DMSC cultured for 2 - 3 passages via tail vein. Cell count and CFU-GM yields of the bone marrow were observed regularly. Pathological study of the liver, spleen and bone marrow was done to evaluate hematopoiesis recovery. Murine DMSC are adherent cells with a morphology of fibroblastoid and spindle and multiangle in shape. Immunophenotypes showed that CD(45), CD(34), HL-DR positive DMSC were 1 - 3%, CD(44) and CD(13) positive DMSC 75 approximately 95%. Cell cycle assay demonstrated 83% of DMSC being G(0)/G(1) phase. In vitro, the total cell count and CFU-GM yields in the experimental group were higher than those of the long-term culture bone marrow cells by the third week. The DMSC can sufficiently support the proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic cells for seven weeks. In vivo, peripheral granulocytic count, cells in the bone marrow of one femoral bone and CFU-GM by the third week in the experimental group were much higher than those of controls. Genetic assay of the murine blood demonstrated Y chromosome. The DMSC have characteristics of stem cells. DMSC sped up hematopoiesis recovery of irradiated mice. DMSC as a feeder layer can support proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic cells.
    Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 07/2003; 24(6):300-3.

Publication Stats

28 Citations
1.25 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2003–2011
    • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences
      • Institute of Basic Medical Sciences (IBMS)
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2009
    • Zhengzhou University
      Cheng, Henan Sheng, China
  • 2007–2009
    • Peking Union Medical College Hospital
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2002–2004
    • State Key Laboratory of Medical Genetics of China
      Ch’ang-sha-shih, Hunan, China