A Caporale

Sapienza University of Rome, Roma, Latium, Italy

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Publications (54)77.28 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The role of desmoplastic reaction (DR) in colorectal cancer invasion is still an open question. The presence of fibrous connective tissue may represent a barrier against cancer diffusion or a stroma to build up and support the tumor. Aims of the present study were to evaluate the influence of DR on long-term survival and to validate a reliable quantitative method to measure the desmoplastic tissue. This retrospective study included 86 patients who underwent radical colorectal resection for cancer, from a database of 429 patients. To achieve a quantitative histochemical measurement of DR, digital images were analyzed by a computerized image analysis program. DR was related to the overall survival and the quantitative method was related to the traditional one. By using the Kaplan-Meier analysis, DR was found to be significantly associated with overall survival. Patients with a higher value of DR survived longer than those with smaller DR and the quantitative results were in accordance with those obtained by using the traditional methods. Desmoplasia seems to be a protective factor for survival in patients with colorectal carcinoma. The quantitative technique is easily standardized and can be routinely performed, so that DR may be a useful prognostic indicator. Notwithstanding, the conflicting outcomes reported in literature about DR need further biological and molecular studies to achieve definitive conclusions.
    Journal of Investigative Surgery 04/2010; 23(2):105-9. DOI:10.3109/08941930903469417 · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the extensiveness and the effectiveness of anterograde and retrograde dissections in superficial parotidectomy for pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland, a review of medical records and pathology reports of consecutive patients who underwent superficial parotidectomy has been performed. The sizes of the overall pathologic specimen, the tumor within the specimen, and the normal parotid tissue obtained by anterograde and retrograde approaches have been compared. Mann-Whitney and chi tests have been used to reveal significant differences. Sixty-four patients were included in the study, 32 who underwent anterograde (standard) parotidectomy and 32 who underwent retrograde parotidectomy. Anterograde dissection resulted in a significantly larger size of the overall pathologic specimen as compared with retrograde parotidectomy (P = 0.019). The size of the tumor was nonsignificantly larger for patients undergoing standard parotidectomy (P = 0.174). Patients undergoing anterograde parotidectomy also had a significantly much larger volume of normal tissue removed in the course of extirpating the adenoma, as compared with patients undergoing retrograde parotidectomy (P = 0.008). Despite extracapsular dissection and partial superficial parotidectomy being proposed in the last years as conservative techniques, the optimal treatment of pleomorphic adenoma remains the superficial or total parotidectomy with facial nerve primary identification and preservation. Retrograde parotidectomy, reducing the extent of normal parotid gland removal, may permit a more conservative approach than standard parotidectomy, with the same complication rates and surgical effectiveness.
    The Journal of craniofacial surgery 06/2009; 20(3):967-9. DOI:10.1097/SCS.0b013e3181a86ead · 0.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Local therapy with IL-2 may be very effective in the treatment of different forms of cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of IL-2 locoregional application in the treatment of colon cancer. Twenty eight syngenic BDIX rats were utilized in this study. The rats were divided into two groups of fourteen animals: group T (treatment) and group C (control). All rats of both groups were injected, under the splenic capsule, with T 10(7) DHD/K2/ TRb neoplastic cells. Then, within and around the site of the previous inoculation, the T group was injected with 1 ml of glucosate solutions + 0.1% albumin (BSA) containing 2.5 x 10(6) IU of IL-2 ( Proleukin-Chiron), whereas the C group was injected with 1 ml of BSA alone. After three weeks, rats were sacrificed and the liver and spleen were removed. The following parameters were considered: volume and weight, neoplastic-non neoplastic tissue index of the spleen, mitotic index and vascular density of splenic and hepatic lesions. All the studied parameters showed statistically significant differences in treated and untreated animals. This study of a murine model demonstrated that IL-2 locoregional therapy may be effective in the treatment of colon cancer.
    Anticancer research 01/2007; 27(2):985-9. · 1.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adenomatous polyps are precursor lesions for colorectal carcinoma. The risk of cancer development has been associated with age and size, amount of villous component and high-grade dysplasia of adenomas. The subject-related and adenoma-related risk factors for severely dysplastic lesions were further investigated. The study was performed in 474 men and 339 women undergoing endoscopic removal at index colonoscopy of 1217 polyps. The male gender, cases aged over 55 and cases examined for rectal bleeding, showed an increased risk of colorectal polyps (odds ratios, OR = 1.95, 5.1 and 2.99, respectively). Adenomas synchronous with hyperplastic polyps of larger diameter (>10 mm) showed an increased risk of severe dysplasia (OR = 6.94). Severe dysplasia occurred more significantly in younger subjects harbouring villous growths (OR = 4.28, p < 0.03) and in larger adenomas (OR = 3.91, p < 0.001). The risk for severe dysplasia in relation to gender, age, multiplicity and location was higher in adenomas of larger diameter and with villous content. Multivariate analysis showed that distal site (p < 0.02), large size (p < 0.001) and villous content (p < 0.001) were the independent risk factors for severe dysplasia. Large size, villous content and distal location are associated with severe dysplasia in colorectal adenomas. The risk for severe dysplasia does not appear to be correlated with age.
    Anticancer research 01/2006; 26(5B):3717-22. · 1.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The mucosa of the gastric stump is considered at greater risk of dysplastic and neoplastic changes than that of the intact stomach. The combination of enteric reflux and Helicobacter pylori infection may have a synergistic damaging effect on the mucosa of the gastric remnant, both producing and increasing mucosal proliferation. The aim of this study was to assess whether the occurrence of H. pylori infection in the remnant mucosa of partially gastrectomized subjects for peptic ulcer disease is associated with an increase of the mucosal precursor lesions of malignancy. A series of 151 subjects who underwent partial gastrectomy for peptic ulcer disease were submitted to upper digestive endoscopy for long-term surveillance. Biopsy specimens of the gastric stump were tested for the occurrence of H. pylori infection and for the presence of precancerous mucosal lesions. The prevalence of H. pylori colonization in the remnant stomach was less than 30% and similar in subjects with different time intervals between gastrectomy and endoscopy. Age at surgery (chi(2): p = 0.03) and H. pylori infection (chi(2): p = 0.002) were significantly associated with the grading of mucosal lesions. The prevalence of normal mucosa was 10 times higher in H. pylori-negative patients as in H. pylori-positive ones (22.0% vs. 2.4%), and the prevalence of intestinal metaplasia was four times higher in H. pylori-positive patients than in H. pylori-negative ones (19.6% vs. 4.6%). We concluded that H. pylori infection may play a causal role in the development of gastric lesions in the operated stomach.
    World Journal of Surgery 10/2005; 29(9):1127-30. DOI:10.1007/s00268-005-7713-4 · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The role of desmoplasia in colorectal carcinoma progression is unclear and the presence of collagen stroma may represent a barrier against cancer diffusion and vascular invasion or a stroma to build up and support the tumor. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of desmoplastic response on long-term survival of patients who underwent radical resection for colorectal carcinoma. The study included 429 patients who underwent radical colorectal resection for cancer with a median follow-up period of 72.8 months. At univariate analysis significant associations were observed between desmoplasia and histologic type, parietal infiltration, growth pattern, and staging. No associations were found between desmoplasia and the other clinical and histologic parameters. The multivariate analysis stratified for tumor stage revealed that the factor showing the most favorable influence on time to death was desmoplasia. The presence of desmoplasia was likely to decrease the failure rate to a third of the rate experienced by patients without desmoplasia. Parietal infiltration was associated with an increased risk for a shortened time to death. Our results favor the view that desmoplasia is a protective factor for survival in patients with colorectal carcinoma. This finding is consistent with the hypothesis that desmoplasia may prevent cancer invasiveness by building a barrier against tumor diffusion.
    Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology 04/2005; 3(4):370-5. DOI:10.1016/S1542-3565(04)00674-3 · 6.53 Impact Factor
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    British Journal of Surgery 09/2004; 91(8):995-6. DOI:10.1002/bjs.4555 · 5.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To better understand the role of the number of lymph nodes retrieved on long-term outcome of gastric cancer treatment, 154 patients who had undergone curative resection, with dissection of >15 nodes were retrospectively studied. Dissection of perigastric and extraperigastric lymph nodes, defined as 'extended' (>26 nodes dissected) in 39 cases and 'limited' (< or = 26 nodes dissected) in 115 cases, was performed. A total of 3479 lymph nodes (mean 22.6 per specimen), were dissected and of these 721 showed metastases. A mean of 8.1 lymph node metastases, per metastatic case, was found. Regression analysis showed no independent factor associated with the extent of lymphadenectomy. Depth of wall invasion (p=0.000) and histological growth pattern (p=0.044) were independently associated with the number of lymph nodes involved (pN0, pN1 1-7, pN2 >7). The cumulative 5-year survival rate was 47% in patients without lymph node metastases; 29% in those with 1-7 nodes involved and 17% in those with >8 nodes involved (p=0.002). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, in 65 nodenegative cancer cases, demonstrated an area under the curve for vital status (alive or dead) of 0.602 (95% CI: 0.473 - 0.721). All node-negative cases with a number equivalent to or exceeding the cutoff point of 23 nodes were alive. ROC analysis showed 11 to be the cutoff number of metastasized lymph nodes in correlation with vital status. Almost all those patients in whom the number of positive nodes was equivalent to, or exceeded the cutoff point had died (area under the ROC curve 0.633; 95% CI: 0.524 - 0.733). ROC analysis showed that the cutoff lymph node ratio, in relation to vital status, was 0.33. The majority of patients at or above this cutoff point had died (area under ROC curve 0.682; 95% CI: 0.574 - 0.776). Multivariate survival analysis showed that lymph node ratio was the only independent prognostic factor (p=0.001). The present findings suggest that, in lymphadenectomy with at least 15 nodes, the number and status of regional nodes dissected, irrespective of the location, provide reliable prognostic information on curatively resected gastric carcinomas.
    Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research: CR 06/2004; 23(2):215-24. · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Brain metastases from hepatocarcinoma are exceptional and only a few cases have been reported in the literature, mainly from Far-Eastern countries. Clinical diagnosis in asymptomatic patients with preserved liver function is difficult and usually late. In some cases, cerebral metastasis is the initial manifestation of HCC and patients may develop intracerebral hemorrage and have a stroke-like presentation. We report on the first Italian case of cerebral metastases from multifocal hepatocellular carcinoma in an asymptomatic HbsAg negative patient with unknown HCV related chronic hepatitis and no evidence of liver cirrhosis. For many years he had a mild liver enzyme elevation and the presence of multiple misinterpreted hypoechogenic hepatic lesions. The hepatic tumor spread to the lungs and the brain and the patient developed two major episodes of intracranial hemorrage. He had two nodular lesions in the brain and alpha-fetoprotein levels were more than 10,000 ng/ml. He died from neurologic causes, without major signs of liver failure.
    Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research: CR 01/2004; 22(4):641-4. · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It was suggested that there are no stronger prognostic factors in gastric cancer than nodal involvement or depth of wall invasion. The present paper evaluated the influence of maximum tumor diameter (MTD) value, measured on fixed resected specimens, on the extent of disease progression and the outcome in gastric cancer patients. Clinicopathological data were retrospectively retrieved from records of 122 patients who underwent curative gastrectomy. The patients' MTD values were grouped as follows: MTD1, up to 26 mm; MTD2, between 26 and 50 mm; and MTD3, over 50 mm. The three groups evidenced significant differences with regard to 5 year survival (MTD1: 54%, MTD2: 31%, MTD3: 20%; p = 0.00027), furthermore they were significantly different with respect to the type of gastrectomy (p = 0.021), depth wall invasion (p = 0.000), lymphatic microinvasion (p = 0.014), perineural microinvasion (p = 0.017), stromal reaction (p = 0.025), and stage (p = 0.035). ROC curve analysis individuated a best accurate MTD threshold value for nodal involvement of 32 mm (sensitivity = 56.6%; specificity = 60.9%; positive predictive value = 52.6%; negative predictive value = 64.6%). The logistic regression analysis suggested that the depth of wall invasion was the only independent variable associated with MTD value (p = 0.0005). Multivariate analysis showed that independent prognostic risk factors were sex (p < 0.0025), number of involved nodes (p < 0.001) and MTD (p < 0.001). In conclusion, the maximum tumor diameter value of gastric cancer may be a factor with greater prognostic implications than previously believed.
    Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research: CR 12/2003; 22(4):531-8. · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hemigastrectomy for benign disease and Helicobacter pylori infection are risk conditions for the development of gastric cancer. Aim of the study was to compare gastric histology and precursor lesions of malignancy in these two conditions. The hemigastrectomy group included 351 consecutively endoscoped subjects operated for gastroduodenal benign disease. Six to ten biopsy specimens were routinely taken from the residual gastric mucosa. The intact stomach group included 2097 consecutively endoscoped symptomatic subjects, who did not receive eradication therapy against H. pylori. The histological findings were classified as normal mucosa (NM), chronic non atrophic gastritis (CNAG), chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG), intestinal metaplasia (IM) and dysplasia (DYS). One thousand and three intact stomachs were H. pylori negative, and 1094 showed H. pylori colonization. The age over fifty was a significant risk factor for the occurrence of IM (OR 2.52, P < or = 0.001) and DYS (OR 3.46, P < or = 0.001), while Hp-positivity was a risk factor for CNAG (OR 1.81, P < or = 0.001) and CAG (OR 3.88, P < or = 0.001). Gastroresection was associated to higher risk for CNAG (OR 1.53, P < or = 0.001) and DYS (OR 4.31, P < or = 0.001) and to a lower risk of CAG (OR 0.49, P < or = 0.001). Both in males and females the risk for CNAG was significantly higher in Hp-positive (males OR 1.92, P=0.000; females OR 1.70, P=0.000) and gastrectomized subjects (males OR 2.06, P=0.000; females OR 2.43, P=0.000). Gastrectomized males, furthermore, showed an increased risk for DYS (OR 5.82, P=0.000). The aged Hp-negative and Hp-positive subjects evidenced a significant risk for IM (respectively OR's 3.42, P=0.000 and 4.85, P=0.000); the risk for DYS was significant in aged Hp-negative subjects (OR 4.09 P < or = 0.020). The Hp-positive individuals evidenced a significant risk for metaplastic mucosal changes (OR 38.17, P=0.000). Subjects aged over forty at the time of surgery and those with a longer postoperative follow up endoscopy presented an increased risk for CNAG of the residual mucosa (respectively OR's 2.75, P=0.000 and 5.25, P=0.000). CNAG and IM were the most frequently observed mucosal lesions both in subjects operated for duodenal and gastric ulcer (respectively OR's 4.02, P=0.000 and 3.00, P=0.000). Our data support that hemigastrectomy for benign disease and H. pylori infection may induce an increased incidence for histological precursor lesions for gastric malignancy and suggest that carcinogenesis in a resected stomach may be different from that in the intact stomach.
    Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research: CR 10/2003; 22(3):371-8. · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Leiomyosarcoma of the rectum is an uncommon malignancy; it accounts for less than 0.1% of all malignancies of the colon and rectum and only one case has been reported long-term following pelvic radiotherapy. We report a second case of leiomyosarcoma of the rectum after radiotherapy in an elderly women who received external radiation therapy eighteen years before, for endometrial carcinoma. We confirm that leiomyosarcoma may be a late uncommon effect of pelvic irradiation and suggest that close and long-term surveillance of irradiated patients is highly recommended.
    Hepato-gastroenterology 01/2003; 50(54):1933-6. · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Age-related physiological changes may lead to an increased toxicity of chemotherapy in the elderly, thus making tumor treatment difficult in this increasing subset of patients. Since many trials claimed a favorable therapeutic index with raltitrexed, the aim of our preliminary study was to evaluate the anticancer activity and the toxic profile of this drug in the elderly. Thirteen elderly patients with colorectal cancer, aged 75-90 years, were enrolled in a monochemotherapy treatment with raltitrexed. Due to their advanced age, the drug was administered with a 33% reduction of the dose. One partial response, four disease stabilizations, and two disease progressions were observed in 7 patients with advanced colorectal cancer. The patients with response or disease stabilisation had a satisfactory time to progression. Four out of 6 patients treated in the adjuvant setting for Dukes' C colorectal cancer remain disease free at observation periods of 15+ to 29+ months. Toxicity was virtually absent in all patients. The activity of monochemotherapy with raltitrexed appears to be appealing, above all because it is observed in the absence of toxicity. Though recent reports suggest some concern about severe complications of treatment with raltitrexed, administration of reduced doses of this drug seems to be a putative therapy for those patients who, because of their age, are highly susceptible to the adverse effects of chemotherapy.
    Gerontology 01/2003; 49(5):324-7. DOI:10.1159/000071714 · 2.68 Impact Factor
  • The American Journal of Sports Medicine 01/2003; 31(3):457-8. · 4.70 Impact Factor
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    The American Journal of Gastroenterology 06/2002; 97(5):1270-1. DOI:10.1111/j.1572-0241.2002.05724.x · 9.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Thirty-one patients with advanced colorectal cancer were treated with a regimen of epirubicin, cisplatin and continuous-infusion (c.i.) 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) (ECF regimen). Twenty-seven patients were evaluable for response rate (RR), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). In this study, the ECF chemotherapy yielded a 51% RR with a PFS of more than 8 months, an OS of more than 11 months and tolerable toxicity. In spite of the perplexity concerning the use of anthracyclines in colorectal cancer, the ECF regimen seems to be a possible treatment even for this malignancy. Controlled studies with ECF versus standard treatments and versus 5-FU alone in c.i. are necessary.
    Chemotherapy 01/2002; 47(6):438-43. DOI:10.1159/000048555 · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Myelolipoma is an uncommon benign tumor, composed of an admixture of adipose tissue and hematopoietic cells, usually discovered within the adrenal glands. Extra-adrenal myelolipomas are rare and approximately half of the reported cases were presacral. We report a case of an asymptomatic presacral myelolipoma measuring 9x8x7 cm, incidentally found in a 71-year-old woman with a stenosing colon cancer. Ultrasonography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the presacral mass evidenced a well circumscribed tumor with heterogeneous features due to a nonuniform composition. Surgical excision of the mass was performed.
    Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research: CR 10/2001; 20(3):451-4. · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A clinical assessment of protective action of desmoplastic response by limiting tumor aggressiveness has been carried out in 171 patients with gastric carcinoma, surgically treated at the First Surgical Clinic of the University of Rome "La Sapienza" between 1988-1999. A univariate statistical analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method for: desmoplastic reaction, age, sex, histologic type, tumor size, stage, lymphonodal status and metastases. To determine the influence of these factors on prognosis, the Cox regression was applied. We found a significant association between desmoplastic reaction extent and presence or absence of metastases (p= 0.026), lymphonodal involvement (p = 0.05), stage (p = 0.036). In the univariate analysis, survival was significantly related to sex (p = 0.012), tumor size (p = 0.009), lymphonodal involvement (p = 0.000), metastases (p = 0.000), stage (p = 0.000), desmoplastic reaction extent (p = 0.05); age and histologic type showed no relationship (p = n.s.). The desmoplastic response extent is not a protective factor against tumor invasiveness in gastric carcinoma, on the contrary it may be considered a negative prognostic factor.
    Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research: CR 04/2001; 20(1):21-4. · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Benign schwannoma is a tumor arising from Schwann cells (forming the neural sheath of peripheral nerves). The retroperitoneal location is unusual (0.5-5% of cases). Most common locations are cranial nerves (especially the 8th pair) and, in peripheral nerve system the neck, mediastinum and extremities. To this date the known cases of benign retroperitoneal schwannoma are about 60, of which less than 20 in the pelvis. The low frequency of this tumor and the lack of specific instrumental signs and objective symptoms (since it develops in a deep and broad region as retroperitoneum) make presurgical diagnosis very difficult. It can be confirmed only during surgery and definitive histological examination. The information provided by ultrasonography, CT and MR help to limit diagnostic hypothesis, but they don't show any pathognomonic images. The resection of this tumor is the appropriate treatment, even though it is really a complex one. Prognosis is quite good since post-surgical recurrences are unusual. If they appear is probably because excision wasn't radical. Complete resection is the best treatment for retroperitoneal pelvic schwannoma and today it can be performed also by laparoscopy. Partial resection can be used when the mass is strongly connected to essential organs in order to prevent iatrogenic harms (neural deficit, vessel lesions); this may occur in 10% of cases. This paper describes a benign schwannoma with pelvic retroperitoneal location, incidentally discovered during a routine gynecological check up. The purpose of this study is to review current therapeutic and diagnostic techniques in retroperitoneal pelvic schwannoma (including a review of current literature) and to identify th problems that can be encountered in the differential diagnosis of this unusual disease from other neoplasms occurring in the same place.
    Il Giornale di chirurgia 06/2000; 21(5):232-8.