Gabriela Spiridon

Groupe Hospitalier Saint Vincent, Strasburg, Alsace, France

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Publications (9)18.9 Total impact

  • Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses 06/2008; 38. DOI:10.1016/S0399-077X(08)73176-7 · 0.91 Impact Factor
  • Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses 06/2008; 38. DOI:10.1016/S0399-077X(08)73100-7 · 0.91 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Journal of the International AIDS Society 01/2008; 11. DOI:10.1186/1758-2652-11-S1-P287 · 4.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: ESPRIT is a randomized trial comparing the clinical impact of interleukin (IL)-2 plus antiretrovirals vs antiretrovirals alone. Identification of factors that influence the relationship between IL-2 and CD4 count recovery will enable better personalization of treatment with IL-2 in HIV-1-positive individuals. The IL-2 induction phase consists of three dosing cycles over 6-8 months (7.5 MIU twice a day, for 5 days every 8 weeks). METHODS: We included patients initiating IL-2 at the 7.5 MIU dose with an 8-month CD4 count, measured at least 30 days after their last cycle. We identified baseline predictors of CD4 count changes over 8 months using linear regression. RESULTS: Of 2090 patients assigned IL-2, 1673 (80%) were included in the analysis. The median (interquartile range) baseline CD4 count was 461 (370, 587) cells/microL with a median increase of 233 (90, 411) cells/microL at month 8. After adjustments, significant predictors of CD4 count change included CD4 nadir (29.8 cells/microL greater increase per 100 cells/microL higher; P<0.0001), last CD4 count before baseline (mean 36.0 cells/microL greater increase per 100 cells/microL higher; P<0.0001), time from antiretroviral start to baseline (8.3 cells/microL smaller increase per year longer; P=0.001), age (11.7 cells/microL smaller increase per 5 years older; P=0.005) and race (79.7 cells/microL greater increase for black patients vs white patients; P=0.003). A linear relationship existed between total IL-2 dose in the first cycle and CD4 count change (73.1 cells/microL greater increase per 15 MIU higher; P<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Prior nadir and current CD4 counts, age and IL-2 dose are major determinants of CD4 increases induced by with intermittent administration of IL-2 in HIV-1-positive individuals on antiretrovirals. The clinical function of these induced CD4 cells is under study.
    HIV Medicine 03/2007; 8(2):112-123. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to evaluate, under routine circumstances, the immunological and virological efficacy of antiretroviral regimens containing enfuvirtide in multi-class experienced HIV-1 infected patients. This retrospective monocentric study analyzed the clinical, immunological, and virological data of 18 HIV-1 infected patients who started enfuvirtide and completed at least 3 months of therapy. Following 3 months of enfuvirtide therapy, 11 (61%) patients had HIV-1 RNA below 400 copies/ml, among whom 8 (44%) patients below 50 copies/ml. In the ten patients still receiving enfuvirtide after 12 months, the median increase in CD4 cell count was 159 cells/microl (range, -25 to +301) and the mean decrease in HIV-1 RNA was 2.5 +/- 1.4 log(10) copies/ml; in six of these patients, viral load remained below 50 copies/ml. Five patients discontinued enfuvirtide for virological failure but none as a consequence of adverse event. Mutations located within the 36-45 amino acid domain of HR1 region of gp41 and associated to enfuvirtide resistance were found in all seven patients with persistent viral replication. In addition, a new mutation, A50V, emerged in one patient with late viral rebound. Its disappearance after treatment discontinuation suggests that it could play a role in resistance to enfuvirtide. In conclusion, enfuvirtide may be a good therapeutic option as rescue therapy in treatment-experienced patients. However, the mutations conferring resistance to enfuvirtide develop rapidly when viral load is not controlled confirming that enfuvirtide should be prescribed in association with an active background regimen.
    Journal of Medical Virology 10/2006; 78(10):1312-7. DOI:10.1002/jmv.20700 · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the feasibility of azithromycin prophylaxis with respect to tolerability and compliance during a pertussis outbreak among healthcare workers in a university hospital ward. Compliance with the prophylaxis regimen was 89%; compliance was 75% from intent-to-treat perspective. The rate of adverse events was 33%. Female sex was associated with reporting of adverse events. Nonstudents and healthcare workers who reported adverse events were less compliant with the prophylaxis regimen.
    Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 07/2006; 27(6):626-9. DOI:10.1086/505102 · 3.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Since highly active antiretroviral therapies became available, the future of HIV-infected patients has been transformed. However, 20 to 25% of HIV patients are co-infected with hepatitis B or C viruses, and the course of these diseases has worsened, since these patients have an enhanced sensitivity to the hepatic toxicity of antiretrovirals. The relation between high antiretroviral concentrations and toxicity has been clearly demonstrated with certain protease inhibitors and non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI) that have a predominantly hepatic metabolism (CYP4503A4). The nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI) are not predominantly metabolized by the liver, but may nevertheless be toxic for the liver through mitochondrial involvement. The hepatic toxicity observed in a patient treated with early or delayed antiretrovirals may be due to a cytolytic, cholestatic or mixed, direct or indirect, mechanism. Before initiating antiretroviral treatments, hepatic fibrosis must be explored (punch biopsy, biological fibrosis test, and Child-Pugh's score). It is recommended that the most hepatotoxic drugs be avoided, notably didanosine, didanosine+stavudine, nevirapine, and full-dose ritonavir. Although it is possible to initiate an antiretroviral at the standard dose in patients with cirrhosis (the therapeutic margin with antiretrovirals is wide), early assays are essential, particularly with PI and NNRTI, to adjust the dose and avoid adverse events. In any event rigorous monitoring is a must.
    La Presse Médicale 07/2005; 34(10 Suppl):1S45-52. · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: •Since highly active antiretroviral therapies became available, the future of HIV-infected patients has been transformed. However, 20 to 25% of HIV patients are co-infected with hepatitis B or C viruses, and the course of these diseases has worsened, since these patients have an enhanced sensitivity to the hepatic toxicity of antiretrovirals.•The relation between high antiretroviral concentrations and toxicity has been clearly demonstrated with certain protease inhibitors and non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI) that have a predominantly hepatic metabolism (CYP4503A4). The nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI) are not predominantly metabolized by the liver, but may nevertheless be toxic for the liver through mitochondrial involvement.•The hepatic toxicity observed in a patient treated with early or delayed antiretrovirals may be due to a cytolytic, cholestatic or mixed, direct or indirect, mechanism.•Before initiating antiretroviral treatments, hepatic fibrosis must be explored (punch biopsy, biological fibrosis test, and Child-Pugh's score). It is recommended that the most hepatotoxic drugs be avoided, notably didanosine, didanosine+stavudine, nevirapine, and full-dose ritonavir.•Although it is possible to initiate an antiretroviral at the standard dose in patients with cirrhosis (the therapeutic margin with antiretrovirals is wide), early assays are essential, particularly with PI and NNRTI, to adjust the dose and avoid adverse events. In any event rigorous monitoring is a must.
    La Presse Médicale 06/2005; 34(10):1S45–1S52. DOI:10.1016/S0755-4982(05)73409-6 · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There are common risk factors between hepatitis A virus (HAV) and human immuno deficiency virus (HIV) infections. We tried to evaluate if HIV-infected patients could be at risk for HAV. More over, HAV could worsen prognosis of HIV infection and HAV vaccination was then to be considered. Thus we assessed the prevalence and risk factors of HAV infection in an HIV-infected population. Seroprevalence and risk factors for HAV were studied among 154 HIV-positive patients followed in a Parisian hospital (mean age: 42 years, male patients: 70.8%, female patients: 29.2%). They were screened for HAV antibodies and answered a questionnaire on risk factors for HAV and means of HIV contamination. The global prevalence was 72.7% [IC95%: 65.7-79.7]. We excluded patients who were born in highly endemic areas where seroprevalence reached 60% [IC95%: 51.2-70]. The HAV seroprevalence was almost 100% in migrants from highly endemic countries and for those born before 1946. The multivariate analysis showed that risk factors were the geographic origin [OR=20.88; IC95%: 2.40-181], age [OR = 2.33; IC95%: 1.24-4.39], and hemophilia [OR = 13.78; IC95%: 1.34-141]. Our results suggest that a screening test for HAV antibodies should be performed before vaccination, especially in HIV-infected patients born after 1946 or in non-endemic countries.
    Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses 03/2005; 35(2):73-81. DOI:10.1016/j.medmal.2004.09.006 · 0.91 Impact Factor