Y H Ni

National Cheng Kung University Hospital, 臺南市, Taiwan, Taiwan

Are you Y H Ni?

Claim your profile

Publications (54)241.99 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Methylmalonic acidemia with complete mutase deficiency (mut(0) type) is an inborn error of metabolism with high mortality and morbidity. LT has been suggested to be a solution to this disease, but elevation of urinary and blood MMA was still observed after LT. In this study, we measured dry blood spot MMA and its precursor propionyl-carnitine (C3-carnitine) for mut(0) patients. The results revealed that when C3-carnitine rose during metabolic stress, MMA rose exponentially (up to 1000 micromol/L) in patients who did not undergo LT. In patients who underwent LT, MMA rose to 100-200 micromol/L when C3-carnitine reached 10-20 micromol/L. However, when C3-carnitine rose further to 40-50 micromol/L, MMA levels just stayed put. Therefore, LT stabilized blood MMA level, though there might be a threshold for blood MMA clearance by the donor liver. This finding should be critical to understand the long-term outcome for LT in methylmalonic acidemia.
    Pediatric Transplantation 08/2009; 14(3):337-41. · 1.50 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - J PEDIAT GASTROENTEROL NUTR. 01/2004; 39.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Murine extrahepatic bile duct epithelial cells (MEBEC) were isolated from extrahepatic bile ducts of BALB/c mice and established in primary culture. The epithelial origin was confirmed by positive cytokeratin 19 staining for these cells and the presence of microvilli and tight junctions under electron microscopy. By immunofluorescent staining with monoclonal antibodies and flow-cytometric analysis, MEBEC in culture constitutively express low levels of intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1, class I and class II major histocompatibility (MHC) antigens. The expression of ICAM-1 was significantly increased by interferon gamma (INF-gamma) or tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) stimulation. Class I and class II antigen expression were significantly enhanced by INF-gamma and in vitro murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) infection. MEBEC infected with MCMV revealed a progressive cytopathic effect. MEBEC activated by INF-gamma or infected by MCMV induced a low but significant proliferation of allogeneic T cells and displayed a significant decrease in the absorbance at O.D. 550 nm in a microtitre tetrazolium assay after these treated cells were co-cultured with allogeneic T cells. These results suggest that following the up-regulation of surface MHC antigen and adhesion molecule expression with cytokines or MCMV, the MEBEC can function as antigen-presenting cells and initiate T-cell proliferation, which in turn trigger the recognition of MEBEC by effector T-cell-mediated cytotoxic responses. These findings may be implicated in the pathogenesis of virally induced, immune-mediated extrahepatic bile duct damage disorders.
    Clinical & Experimental Immunology 11/2001; 126(1):84-91. · 3.41 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is hyperendemic in Taiwan. Before universal HBV immunization was started in Taiwan in 1984, the carrier rate for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was 15% to 20% in the general population. To quantify the population impact of a mass vaccination program for HBV 15 years after its implementation. Descriptive analysis of serologic markers of HBV in healthy children and adolescents. Chung-Cheng District, Taipei City, Taiwan, in 1999. 1357 persons younger than 15 years of age, who were born after the implementation of universal HBV vaccination, and 559 persons 15 to 20 years of age, who were born before the program began. Repeated serologic surveys similar to those done before and 5 and 10 years after the national vaccination program was implemented. All participants were tested for serum HBsAg, its antibody (anti-HBs), and hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc). During the 15 years since the vaccination program was implemented, the prevalence of HBsAg among persons younger than 15 years of age decreased from 9.8% in 1984 to 0.7% in 1999; among persons 15 to 20 years of age, the 1999 prevalence of HBsAg was 7% (P < 0.001). Hepatitis B core antibody seropositivity, which represents HBV infection, was found in 2.9% of persons younger than 15 years of age and in 20.6% of persons 15 to 20 years of age (P < 0.001); in the same age groups, the rate of anti-HBs seropositivity was 75.8% and 70.7%, respectively (P = 0.02). Universal vaccination significantly decreased the HBV carrier rate and infection rate among children and adolescents born since the program began. By decreasing the carrier pool, continuation of the national HBV immunization program should prevent HBV infection in the children of Taiwan, and, subsequently, adults as well.
    Annals of internal medicine 11/2001; 135(9):796-800. · 13.98 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Little is known about the prevalence of antibiotic-resistant Helicobacter pylori infection in children. Culture and antimicrobial susceptibility testing are generally time-consuming and not a routine in many hospitals. To investigate the prevalence of clarithromycin-resistant H. pylori strains in children, to identify those isolates via rapid methodology and to examine the severity of gastritis caused by the antibiotic-resistant H. pylori isolates. Enrolled were 245 children investigated for H. pylori infection by endoscopic examination. The gastric antral specimens were subjected to DNA extraction and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) with primers specific to the H. pylori 23S rRNA gene. Conventional bacterial cultures were performed simultaneously as the diagnostic standard. Minimal inhibitory concentrations of clarithromycin and metronidazole were determined by E test. This was used as a standard to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the above PCR-RFLP assay. The specimens were processed for histologic examination and evaluated by the updated Sydney system. H. pylori was isolated in 67 of the 245 children; 12 (18%) of them were clarithromycin-resistant and 6 (9%) were metronidazole-resistant. No difference in histologic examinations was noted between the antibiotic-resistant and -susceptible strains. We performed PCR-RFLP with all 12 clarithromycin-resistant isolates: 10 had a 23S ribosomal RNA A2144G point mutation; 1 had a mixture of an A2143G point mutant and susceptible strains; and 1 had neither of the 2 mutations. The prevalence of clarithromycin-resistant H. pylori isolates in Taiwanese children is 18%. PCR-RFLP had a high sensitivity (92%) and specificity (100%) for the clarithromycin resistance gene mutation determination. The dominant mutation is A2144G. PCR-RFLP provides a rapid and accurate approach to detect clarithromycin-resistant strains within 24 h.
    The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 08/2001; 20(7):662-6. · 3.57 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: MDR3 P-glycoprotein mediates canalicular phospholipid transport in hepatocytes. Defects in the MDR3 gene have been found to cause a subtype of progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC) with high gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT) levels. Affected children develop proliferation of biliary epithelium, portal inflammation, and biliary cirrhosis. The frequency of MDR3 mutations in patients with high GGT-PFIC is unclear. There have been no Asian patients reported to carry MDR3 mutations. To determine the role of MDR3 defects in chronic cholestatic patients, we studied six Taiwanese children from five families who presented high GGT-PFIC among 47 patients with infantile onset chronic intrahepatic cholestasis. Sequence analysis of MDR3 cDNA from liver tissues was performed. Only one patient had mutation in the MDR3 gene. This patient had a homozygous 719-bp deletion (nucleotide 287 to 1005) of liver cDNA encompassing exon 5 to 9 and leading to protein truncation. The onset age was 1 y in contrast with the other five patients who presented neonatal cholestasis. Four patients without mutation, including one sibling pair, exhibited histologic features of prominent portal fibrosis leading to advanced biliary cirrhosis that were indistinguishable from the case of MDR3 mutation. We concluded that mutations in MDR3 accounted for approximately 2% (1/47) of infantile onset chronic cholestasis in Taiwan. Those patients presenting high GGT-PFIC with early onset cholestasis but without MDR3 mutation probably had inheritable disorders remaining to be clarified.
    Pediatric Research 08/2001; 50(1):50-5. · 2.67 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bacterial cholangitis (BC) is a common complication in patients with biliary atresia (BA) and is characterized by fever, acholic stools and positive blood cultures. The diagnosis is often empirical because the yield of blood cultures is low. It is difficult to differentiate BC from other febrile episodes. In order to characterize the clinical and laboratory features of BC in patients with BA, identify risk factors, and correlate cholangitis with outcome, 37 patients with BA from 1993 to 1998 who underwent a Kasai operation in our hospital were studied. The follow-up period ranged from 6 to 59 months. A total of 107 febrile episodes were documented in these patients. The diagnostic criteria for cholangitis were fever, increased jaundice, or acholic stools. The clinical features, laboratory data, results of bacterial cultures, and outcomes were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 107 febrile episodes, including 78 bouts of cholangitis and 29 non-cholangitis infections, were found in 34 patients. Patients with BC had higher postoperative bilirubin levels (P = 0.02) and less frequent use of prophylactic antibiotics (P = 0.05) than those with non-cholangitis infections. Abnormal white blood cell counts (> 12,000 or <4,000 mm3) tended to be present in patients with BC (P = 0.08). There were no statistical differences in the risk factors and laboratory data between culture-positive (n = 16) and -negative (n = 62) cholangitis cases. The occurrence of cholangitis significantly reduced survival in both patients with good (P = 0.03) and inadequate bile flow (P = 0.03). All 9 patients who had never had cholangitis survived during the follow-up period. Repeated attacks of BC further decreased survival probability. The responsive organisms were mainly enteric bacteria, including Escherichia coli, Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumanni, and Salmonella typhi. The sensitivity tests justified empirical therapy with ceftriaxone. The effectiveness of prophylactic trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole or neomycin warrants further studies. BC was a highly prevalent postoperative complication in patients with BA, especially those with inadequate bile drainage. It significantly affected early mortality. Aggressive and complete treatment with empirical ceftriaxone was appropriate.
    Pediatric Surgery International 08/2001; 17(5-6):390-5. · 1.22 Impact Factor
  • Y J Yang, M H Chang, Y H Ni
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Volvulus of the sigmoid colon is rare in children. An early, accurate diagnosis can avoid unnecessary surgery and reduce the risk of complications. This condition is mainly due to a redundant sigmoid colon with a narrow mesosigmoid attachment. We describe two cases of sigmoid volvulus, which showed different clinical severities and were treated with different methods. Patient 1, a 9-year-old boy, presented with acute abdominal pain and vomiting. Patient 2, an 11-year-old boy, presented with abdominal pain, abdominal distention, and bloody mucoid stool. Plain abdominal radiographs revealed a distended colonic loop extending upward from the pelvis in patient 1 and a typical "coffee bean" sign in patient 2. Barium enema examination was used to confirm the diagnosis in both cases. The volvulus was reduced by insertion of a rectal tube in patient 1 and surgically in patient 2. Sigmoid colon volvulus should be included in the differential diagnosis of childhood abdominal pain or distention. This report suggests that nonsurgical reduction should be attempted first for uncompromised sigmoid volvulus in children, unless bowel ischemia or perforation develops.
    Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 03/2001; 100(2):134-6. · 1.00 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This report describes a 6-year-old girl with a choledochal cyst associated with recurrent pancreatitis. A cystic dilatation of the common bile duct was detected by abdominal ultrasound and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). She displayed only one of the classic triads: abdominal pain plus pancreatitis. Cyst excision and Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy was indicated in this case. MRCP can be considered as a unique non-invasive tool and the first choice in evaluation of choledochal cyst in pediatric group.
    Acta paediatrica Taiwanica = Taiwan er ke yi xue hui za zhi 01/2001; 42(6):363-6.
  • Transplantation Proceedings 12/2000; 32(7):2179-81. · 0.95 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The combination of hepatitis A virus (HAV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccinations can offer convenience, increased compliance and cost saving. We have studied the immunogenicity, reactogenicity and safety of combined hepatitis A and B vaccination in young adults (16-35 years old). Eighty healthy young adults were divided into two random groups. One group received the combined hepatitis A and B vaccine (HAB) in one arm while the other group was administered concomitant hepatitis A and B vaccines (HAV + HBV) in the right and left arms, respectively. The immunogenicity, reactogenicity and safety were assessed after each dose in both the groups. In local symptoms, the percentage of the combined HAB group was lower than the HAV + HBV group, and the general symptoms were noted in approximately 30% of each group without any significant difference. No serious adverse effects were noted. All the subjects were seropositive for antibody to hepatitis A virus (anti-HAV) after one dose of vaccine, and remained seropositive after three doses in both groups. The seropositive rate for antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs) was significantly higher (84%) in the combined HAB group than the concomitant HAV + HBV group (62%), (p<0.05) after dose two, and all the subjects were seropositive (100%) after the third dose. The GMTs of anti-HAV and anti-HBs were not significantly different between groups 1 and 2 (p>0.1) except in month 6 when the GMT of anti-HBs was higher in HAB group (p=0.0039). The combined HAB vaccine was found to be safe, well tolerated and had less local symptoms in young adults. The immunogenicity and reactogenicity were similar to the concomitant HAV + HBV vaccines.
    Vaccine 11/2000; 19(4-5):437-41. · 3.49 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Core gene deletion mutants of hepatitis B virus (HBV) have been identified in adults. Because the acquisition of HBV occurs mainly in infancy and childhood in hyperendemic areas, this study aimed to learn the temporal profile of such mutants in children with chronic HBV infection. We have followed up 365 HBV-infected children for more than 10 years and screened out HBV core gene deletion from their sera. Serial serum samples of positive cases were subjected to HBV-DNA nucleotide sequence analyses and quantification. Deletion mutants were found in 18 of the 365 patients (4.9%). Most cases (15 of 18) with deletion mutants heralded hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion phase, while the other cases (3 of 18) remained in HBeAg-seropositive phase. Deletion mutants disappeared after HBeAg seroconversion except in 1 child. Decreased HBV-DNA levels accompanied deletion mutants for those who finally underwent HBeAg seroconversion, but the HBV-DNA level did not decline if there was no seroconversion. Deletion mutants were not associated with a particularly high peak liver enzyme. Core gene deletion mutants could appear as early as the age of 5. The duration of their appearance was 0.5 to 5 years. Horizontal rather than perinatal transmission of HBV was a favorable factor for these mutants to develop. Deletion fragments were located in the middle part of core gene. The emergence of the mutants was likely the result of host-viral interaction and mostly signified HBeAg seroconversion within 1 year. Core gene deletion mutants appeared preferably in children acquiring HBV by horizontal transmission.
    Hepatology 08/2000; 32(1):124-8. · 12.00 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Invasive and noninvasive tests have been developed for the diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection. Because H pylori infection is acquired in childhood and adolescence, accurate diagnosis of the infection in the pediatric population is important. We conducted a study to compare invasive tests: culture, biopsy urease test, histology, and polymerase chain reaction on gastric biopsy specimens, with noninvasive tests: serology, (13)C-urea breath test, and a new diagnostic modality, stool antigen test to diagnose H pylori infection. A total of 53 children with symptoms were enrolled in this study, and all had completed the 7 diagnostic tests for H pylori. All the diagnostic tests except serology were excellent methods of diagnosing H pylori infection in children; the diagnostic accuracy was as follows: stool antigen test 96.2%, biopsy urease test 96.2%, histology 98.1%, polymerase chain reaction 94.3%, culture 98.1%, (13)C-urea breath test 100%, and serology 84.9%. The stool antigen test, being highly sensitive and specific, will be potentially very helpful in diagnosing H pylori infection in children.
    Journal of Pediatrics 07/2000; 136(6):823-7. · 4.04 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Several metabolic disorders such as encephalopathy and hepatic dysfunction have been described as Reye's-like syndrome because they present with similar clinical manifestations that mimic Reye's syndrome. We performed a retrospective study to explore the underlying metabolic etiologies of Reye's-like syndrome in patients treated at National Taiwan University Hospital. From January 1991 to June 1998, 19 children with a syndrome fitting the Reye's-like syndrome description were identified for study. Urine organic acid analysis, plasma amino acid analysis, liver pathology, and skin fibroblast enzyme assays were studied during the acute stage of illness. The etiologies of patients' syndromes included urea cycle disorders (n = 7), glycogen storage disease type Ia (4), primary carnitine deficiency (2), hereditary fructose intolerance (1), methylmalonic acidemia (2), and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric acidemia (1). Fatty acid oxidation defects were suspected in the remaining two cases. A significant number of patients who present with Reye's-like syndrome have an underlying inherited metabolic disorder. In patients with Reye's-like syndrome, an accurate diagnosis is essential to ensure normal growth and development and to prevent recurrence of the condition.
    Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 05/2000; 99(4):295-9. · 1.00 Impact Factor
  • Endoscopy 05/2000; 32(4):S15-6. · 5.74 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Immune response to hepatitis B virus (HBV) antigens or mitogens in Asian children with chronic HBV infection who are mainly perinatally infected has not been studied in connection with the production of various cytokines, although these patients are considered to be less responsive to antiviral therapy. The production of the cytokines interferon (IFN)-gamma, lymphotoxin, interleukin (IL)-4, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, and interleukin (IL)-1beta by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) was studied in 17 hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) carrier children with raised alanine transferase levels (group 1), 17 HBsAg carrier children with normal alanine transferase levels (group 2), and 20 healthy noncarrier control subjects (group 3). Hepatitis B core antigen (HBcAg)-stimulated IFN-gamma production was significantly higher in group 1 than in groups 2 and 3, serum HBeAg cleared within 1 year in five of eight children in group 1 with stimulation indexes higher than 3, and HBcAg-induced IL-4 secretion was minimal in all groups. Interferon-gamma produced by PBMCs stimulated by purified HBsAg did not differ among the three groups. Higher lymphotoxin production by PBMCs stimulated by HBcAg was also noted in groups 1 and 2 than in group 3. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated TNF-alpha production by PBMCs was significantly higher in group 1 than in group 2. There was no association between HBeAg-anti-HBe status and production of various cytokines. No differences were seen in the profile of cytokines induced by HBV antigens or LPS in children of carrier mothers compared with children of HBsAg-negative mothers. Increased IFN-gamma production resulting from HBcAg-specific T-helper lymphocyte type 1 response, and increased TNF-alpha production may contribute to cell-mediated antiviral immune response in children with chronic hepatitis B. In HBV carrier children, the ability to produce the studied cytokines is related to whether an endogenous immune attempt to eliminate HBV infection emerges in the patients but is not related to the different modes of acquisition of HBV infection.
    Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 12/1999; 29(5):540-5. · 2.20 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mutants of a determinant of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) identified in vaccinated children pose a potential threat to long-term success of vaccination programs. We examined the mutants of a determinant (residues 110-160) of HBsAg in hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA-positive children identified during previous serosurveys in Taipei undertaken just before (1984), 5 years after (1989), and 10 years after (1994) universal vaccination began. In HBV DNA-positive children from 3 surveys, the prevalence of a determinant mutants increased from 8 of 103 (7.8%) in 1984 to 10 of 51(19.6%) in 1989 and 9 of 32 (28.1%) in 1994 and was higher in those fully-vaccinated than unvaccinated (12/33 vs. 15/153, P =. 0003). Most amino acid changes of the variants clustered in residues 125-129 and 140-149. In all 27 children with detectable mutants, the mean age of those vaccinated was younger than those unvaccinated (4. 8 +/- 3.8 vs. 7.9 +/- 2.3 yrs, P <.05); and mutations occurred in a region with greatest local hydrophilicity (residues 140-149) more frequently in those vaccinated than in those unvaccinated (10/12 vs. 6/15, P =.0253). More mutated residues and more mutations at neutralizing epitopes, such as N146, C147, T148, and C149, were found in the 1994 survey. Vaccinated children may contract variant infections through vertical or horizontal transmission. Universal vaccination has accelerated an accumulation of HBsAg a determinant mutants with amino acid changes critical for immune escape in vaccinated children who became carriers, suggesting that new vaccination strategies should be considered.
    Hepatology 12/1999; 30(5):1312-7. · 12.00 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Protamine, used clinically as an antidote for heparin, is a small protein with high arginine content and is potent in folding DNA. Protamine and DNA can form a compact structure, protecting DNA from digestion by intracellular enzymes. Protamine may, therefore, enhance the efficiency of gene transfer. In this study, we tested the ability of protamine to improve liposome-mediated gene transfer efficiency in a human hepatoma cell line. The results of a preliminary gel retardation assay indicated that 10 micrograms was the minimal amount of protamine sulfate needed to completely bind 5 micrograms of a plasmid containing a reporter gene, green fluorescent protein (GFP). For transfection assays, protamine (0, 10, 50, 100, and 500 micrograms) was added to a DNA-liposome mixture (5 micrograms DNA and 20 micrograms of a mixed formulation of 2,3-dioleyloxy-N-[2(sperminecarboxamido)ethyl]-N, N-dimethyl-1-propanaminium trifluoroacetate and dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine) to transfect cultured Huh7 cells. Transfected cells (those expressing GFP) were counted by using flow cytometry. The expression index (EI) was calculated as the transfection efficiency (% of transfected cells) with protamine divided by the transfection efficiency with DNA and liposome only. Our results show that protamine sulfate (in a range of 10-100, 10 micrograms being most efficient) addition to the liposome-DNA mixture significantly increases the EI, and transfection efficiency of GFP in Huh7 cells.
    Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 09/1999; 98(8):562-6. · 1.00 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To elucidate the role of host immune status in the evolution and complexity of hepatitis C virus (HCV) quasispecies, three chronic HCV-infected patients who underwent bone marrow transplantation (BMT) were studied. The three transplanted patients' sera were sampled at pre-BMT, 3 months after BMT, and 12 months after BMT and the nucleotide diversity and substitution of the hypervariable region (HVR) of HCV quasispecies were analyzed. The nucleotide diversity was high at the pre-BMT period (28.2-43.4 x 10(-2) nucleotide difference/site). HVR of HCV quasispecies then became homogeneous in the first 3 months after BMT (0.11-6.40 x 10(-2) nucleotide difference/site). The nucleotide diversity of HVR at 12 months after BMT of all three patients was higher than that of 3 months after BMT but still lower than that of pre-BMT (2.09-6.40 x 10(-2) nucleotide difference/site). The analysis on nucleotide substitution rate showed a higher value between pre-BMT and 3 months after BMT (0.624-0.708 nucleotide difference/site per year) than that between 3 months and 12 months after BMT (0.072-0.127 nucleotide difference/site per year). HCV RNA titer decreased when the host had a low white cell count and increased accordingly. It was concluded that the evolution of HVR of HCV quasispecies related to the immune status of the host during BMT: after immunosuppression, an initial increase of viral populations was followed by the emergence of a dominant strain while the quasispecies gradually recovered as the immunity of the host gained its competence.
    Journal of Medical Virology 07/1999; 58(2):132-8. · 2.37 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the long term immunity provided by a universal hepatitis B vaccination program in infancy and the booster effect on school age children who had no protective antibody titers to hepatitis B surface antigen. We conducted a community-based seroepidemiologic study of 1337 healthy 7-year-old children in Taiwan one decade after the implementation of a mass hepatitis B vaccination program. A booster vaccination was suggested for noncarrier children who did not have protective titers of surface antibody. Serologic responses and infection rates were compared with those of the nonboostered children. In a nonselected group of 39 volunteer noncarrier vaccinees, quantitative serologic response was determined before, 1 month after a booster vaccination and 1 year later. A total of 572 children (42.8%) had low concentrations of surface antibody, and 9 were hepatitis B surface antigen carriers (0.7%). Eighty-two percent of "nonprotected" vaccinees showed immunologic memory to a booster dose and developed protective antibody titers 1 month later; 60.6% maintained protective titers 1 year later. The frequency of new hepatitis B virus infection was similar for those who received a booster and those who did not as investigated by the core antibody seroconversion during 1-year follow-up. However, the risk was low, with annual incidences of <1% in both groups, and none became chronic carriers. According to these data a universal vaccination program in infancy provides adequate protection against hepatitis B virus infection for school age children and a booster vaccination is not recommended.
    The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 06/1999; 18(5):427-32. · 3.57 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
241.99 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2001
    • National Cheng Kung University Hospital
      • Department of Pediatrics
      臺南市, Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 1991–2001
    • National Taiwan University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Taipei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1991–1997
    • National Taiwan University
      • College of Medicine
      Taipei, Taipei, Taiwan