[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION:: The transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has been reported to be a promising approach in the treatment of acute lung injury. However, the poor efficacy of transplanted MSCs is one of the serious handicaps in the progress of MSC-based therapy. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate whether the pretreatment of human embryonic MSCs (hMSCs) with an antioxidant, namely N-acetylcysteine (NAC), can improve the efficacy of hMSC transplantation in lung injury. METHODS:: In vitro, the antioxidant capacity of NAC-pretreated hMSCs was assessed using intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and glutathione assays and cell adhesion and spreading assays. In vivo, the therapeutic potential of NAC-pretreated hMSCs was assessed in a bleomycin-induced model of lung injury in nude mice. RESULTS:: The pretreatment of hMSCs with NAC improved antioxidant capacity to defend against redox imbalances through the elimination of cellular ROS, increasing cellular glutathione levels, and the enhancement of cell adhesion and spreading when exposed to oxidative stresses in vitro. In addition, the administration of NAC-pretreated hMSCs to nude mice with bleomycin-induced lung injury decreased the pathological grade of lung inflammation and fibrosis, hydroxyproline content and numbers of neutrophils and inflammatory cytokines in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and apoptotic cells, while enhancing the retention and proliferation of hMSCs in injured lung tissue and improving the survival rate of mice compared with results from untreated hMSCs. CONCLUSIONS:: The pretreatment of hMSCs with NAC could be a promising therapeutic approach to improving cell transplantation and, therefore, the treatment of lung injury.
The American Journal of the Medical Sciences 10/2012; · 1.52 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: As an abundant source that involves fewer ethical considerations, human abnormally fertilized zygotes are superior to oocytes as therapeutic cloning recipients of nuclear transfer. However, more effective manipulation conditions should be developed for somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) studies using human abnormally fertilized zygotes as recipients. The present study found that the use of cytochalasin B was not necessary for, and even harmful to, the enucleation of human zygotes. This study also decreased the DNA methylation levels in reconstructed embryos using a DNA methyltransferase inhibitor, 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza-dC), in an attempt to correct the abnormalities in DNA methylation that might play an important role in the failure of embryo development. After 5-aza-dC treatment and nuclear transfer (NT-Aza group), 32.7% of reconstructed embryos developed to the 8-cell stage, which is a much higher percentage than that of the nuclear transfer only (NT) group (11.1%). The DNA methylation level in the NT-Aza group was significantly lower than that of the NT group, as determined by 5-methylcytosine immunodetection. Based on the present results, this study recommends performing the enucleation procedure without cytochalasin B treatment and using 5-aza-dC in the culture of reconstructed embryos in human SCNT studies. As an abundant source that involves fewer ethical considerations, human abnormally fertilized zygotes are superior to oocytes as therapeutic cloning recipients of nuclear transfer. However, more effective manipulation conditions should be developed for somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) studies using human abnormally fertilized zygotes as recipients. In the present study, the effects of cytochalasin B (CB) treatment on the survival rate of the manipulated zygotes and the effects of 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza-dC) treatment on the cleavage rate of the reconstructed embryos were observed. Human polyspermic zygotes were enucleated in metaphase with or without CB treatment and injected with human cumulus cells. The reconstructed embryos were cultured in medium supplemented with or without 5-aza-dC for developmental potential comparison. The DNA methylation levels of the embryos were determined using 5-methylcytosine immunodetection. CB treatment lowered the survival rate of manipulated zygotes. After the 5-aza-dC treatment (NT-Aza group), 32.7% of the reconstructed embryos developed to the 8-cell stage, a much higher percentage than that of the nuclear transfer only (NT) group (11.1%). The DNA methylation level in the NT-Aza group was significantly lower than that in the NT group. Based on the present results, we recommend performing the enucleation procedure without CB treatment and using 5-aza-dC in the culture of reconstructed embryos in human SCNT studies.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The implantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) has been reported as a new technique to restore renal tubular structure and improve renal function in acute kidney injury (AKI). Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays an important role in the renoprotective function of MSC. Whether upregulation of VEGF by a combination of MSC and VEGF gene transfer could enhance the protective effect of MSC in AKI is not clear. We investigated the effects of VEGF-modified human embryonic MSC (VEGF-hMSC) in healing cisplatin-injured renal tubular epithelial cells (TCMK-1) with a coculture system. We found that TCMK-1 viability declined 3 days after cisplatin pretreatment and that coculture with VEGF-hMSC enhanced cell protection via mitogenic and antiapoptotic actions. In addition, administration of VEGF-hMSC in a nude mouse model of cisplatin-induced kidney injury offered better protective effects on renal function, tubular structure, and survival as represented by increased cell proliferation, decreased cellular apoptosis, and improved peritubular capillary density. These data suggest that VEGF-modified hMSC implantation could provide advanced benefits in the protection against AKI by increasing antiapoptosis effects and improving microcirculation and cell proliferation.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Wound repair and functional reconstruction are two key aspects for treatment of skin injury. Research on cell source for skin repair has become a focus of study. The immune rejection induced by allograft cells and the limited source of autologous epidermal stem cells have led to more attention on the multipotent adult progenitor cells (MAPC). In this study, we examined the influence of the local environment of skin injury on the migration and differentiation of MAPC in nude mice. The homing of MAPC to the wounds and the epidermal differentiation of MAPC were investigated by detecting the expression of specific antigens of rat major histocompatibility complex I (MHC-I) antigen and the tracing markers. Three weeks after transplantation, hair follicle-like structure appeared and rat MHC-I antigen was positive in the follicles of the healed skin. PKH26-labeled cells expressing cytokeratin were found in the regenerated follicle-like structures, sebaceous glands and sweat glands. Our findings indicate that MAPC can migrate to the skin injury site and the hair follicles, and participate in skin wound healing by differentiating into epidermal cells, which contributes to the theoretical research of MAPC plasticity and provides theoretical evidence for clinical application of transplantation therapy with MAPC.
The Journal of Dermatology 08/2009; 36(7):403-9. · 2.35 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Future application of adult stem cells in clinical therapies largely depends on the successful isolation of homogeneous stem cells with high plasticity. Multipotent adult progenitor cells (MAPCs) are thought to be a more primitive stem cell population capable of extensive in vitro proliferation with no senescence or loss of differentiation capability. The present study was aimed to find a less complicated and more economical protocol for obtaining single cell-derived MAPCs and understand the molecule mechanism of multi-lineage differentiation of MAPCs. We successfully obtained a comparatively homogeneous population of MAPCs and confirmed that single cell-derived MAPCs were able to transcribe Oct4 and genes of three germ layers simultaneously, and differentiate into multiple lineages. Our observations suggest that single cell-derived MAPCs under appropriate circumstances could maintain not only characteristics of stem cells but multi-lineage differentiation potential through quantitative modulation of corresponding regulating gene expression, rather than switching on expression of specific genes.
Annals of Hematology 07/2008; 87(6):431-8. · 2.40 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection correlates with human immune disorders characterized by abnormal activation and proliferation of lymphocytes. Interaction of HCV major envelope protein E2 with susceptible cells occurs at an early stage of the viral infection. HCV tropism for susceptible cells may elicit cellular signaling events implicated in the viral pathogenicity, and E2 protein is known to be responsible for the tropism. We documented previously that HCV E2 protein was capable of activating extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) in human hepatoma Huh-7 cells. Here, ERK and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways were investigated in human T lymphoma cell line Molt-4 in response to HCV E2 protein. Binding of HCV E2 protein to Molt-4 cells was detectable, and such interaction was a determinant for recognition and delivery of the E2 signal to intracellular pathways. Activation of ERK and p38 MAPK was specifically induced following the HCV E2-cell interaction. CD81 and low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR), proposed cellular receptors for HCV, were expressed naturally on Molt-4 cells. CD81 and LDLR were shown to mediate HCV E2-induced activation of ERK and p38 MAPK. In CD81-deficient U937 cells, levels of ERK and p38 MAPK activation and cell proliferation induced by HCV E2 protein were lower than those in Molt-4 cells. Furthermore, cell proliferation and secretion of interferon-gamma and interleukin-10 by Molt-4 cells were promoted by HCV E2 protein. Therefore, ERK and p38 MAPK signaling pathways were up-regulated by HCV E2 protein without synergetic stimulation, which was accompanied by alterations of cell behavior.
Journal of Leukocyte Biology 09/2006; 80(2):424-32. · 4.30 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To optimize the culture conditions for clonal isolation of rat bone marrow-derived multipotential adult progenitor cells (rMAPC) and identify their surface markers and differentiation potentials.
By using a low concentration of fetal bovine serum culture medium, rMAPCs were primarily isolated from bone marrow by attachment culture and clonal-like cells were selected by single cell limiting dilution. The surface antigens of the cloned rMAPC were analyzed by flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry. Multi-differentiation capacities were evaluated by lipoblasts and osteoblasts and neuroblasts differentiation induction. The expressions of Oct-4 and three embryonic germ layer markers were detected by RT-PCR.
Single cell-derived rMAPC could be expanded to passage 20 in vitro which still maintained active proliferation ability. The expanded rMAPCs expressed CD71, alpha-SMA and vimentin, but not CD34, CD44 and CD45. About 83% of the rMAPCs was in the resting phase(G0 + G1) of cell cycle and 17% in S + G2 + M phase. They could be induced to differentiate into adipogenic cells, osteogenic cells and neural like cells. RT-PCR demonstrated that there were expressions of oct-4 gene and three embryonic germ layer markers on the rMAPCs.
Cloned rMAPC can maintain the phenotypes of stem cell during in vitro culturing. It might be an potential adult stem cell source for therapeutic stem cell transplanting and tissue engineering.
Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 08/2006; 27(7):474-8.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There have been extensive observations that RNA containing repetitive elements accumulates in transformed cells and tumor tissues. In the present study, we first obtained result consistent with previous observations by in situ hybridization. Then we used primer extension analysis to determine the level of polymerase III directed Alu RNA and found an increased expression of Alu RNA in hepatocellular carcinoma.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Shp-2, an src homology (SH) two-containing phosphotyrosine phosphatase, appears to be involved in cytoplasmic signaling downstream of a variety of cell surface receptors. It also plays an important role in the control of cell spreading, migration, and cytoskeletal architecture. In our study, abrogation of SHP-2 catalytic activity with a'dominant-negative mutant (SHP-2C > S) displayed an increased number of focal adhesion, high expression of E-cadhenrin and phosphorylation of the focal adhesion kinase (FAK). Interestingly, the cells expressing SHP-2C > S showed reduced IL-1beta-stimulated chemotaxis compared with either mock- or SHP-2 wild type-transfected cells. We also found that SHP-2-GFP-transfected cell lines did not express E-cadherin nearly and produced high level of the matrix metalloproteinase MMP-9 in the supernatants. The loss of E-cadherin-mediated adhesion and the increase of MMP-9-induced migration had been shown to play an important role in the transition of epithelial tumors from a benign to an invasive state. These findings have raised the possibility that SHP-2 can promote the cancer cell to invasion the distant tissues. To determine whether SHP-2 promotes invasion and metastasis, we transfected MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines with SHP-2-GFP, SHP-2C > S-GFP and analyzed the effects of the SHP-2 on cell migration, invasion, and metastasis. In vitro, SHP-2-GFP-transfected cells migrated more efficiently, showed an increased invasion of Matrigel, and adhered less efficiently to monolayers of fibroblast cells. When injected into the abdominal cavity of nude mice, SHP-2-GFP-transfected cells metastasized widely to the lung, kidney, but MCF-7 with SHP-2C > S-GFP was not observed in the these organs. These results demonstrate that SHP-2 promotes invasion and metastasis of MCF-7 with the loss of E-cadherin, the dephosphorylation of FAK and the secretion of MMP-9 induced by IL-1beta.
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 02/2005; 89(1):5-14. · 4.20 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study the effects of Box-3 region of the leukemia inhibitory factor receptor (LIFR) alpha-chain cytoplasmic domain on the proliferation and differentiation of HL-60 cells.
Expression vector of gp190CT3 was constructed and expressed in HL-60 cells. The expression level of gp190CT3 was assayed by immunocytochemistry. The growth of wild type and gp190CT3 transfected HL-60 cells were examined under microscope. The PCNA levels were assayed by Western blot, and the levels of CD15 by flow cytometry.
The gp190CT3 transfected HL-60 cells were enlarged in size and their proliferation was slower than that of wild type. The expression level of PCNA was down-regulated while the level of CD15 up-regulated in transfected HL-60 cells as compared with that of the wild type cells.
The Box-3 region of the leukemia inhibitory factor receptor alpha-chain cytoplasmic domain (gp190CT3) participates the LIFR signal transduction in inhibiting the growth and inducing the differentiation of HL-60 cells.
Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 12/2004; 25(11):679-82.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Regarding diagnostic reasoning, the currently taught Bayesian theory is a form of hypothetical-deduction reasoning. Using set theory, we offer syllogism reasoning instead of hypothetical-deductive reasoning and establish an online diagnostic expert system model based on this diagnostic methodology.
Concepts of set theory were employed to demonstrate diagnostic reasoning. ASP, Vbscript and Microsoft Access were used to establish the expert system and data of 50 cases from Shanghai pulmonary hospital were put into the program to test its efficiency.
Diagnostic procedure is type of syllogism rather than hypothetical-deductive reasoning.