Xiao-Yan Xie

Sun Yat-Sen University, Shengcheng, Guangdong, China

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Publications (61)103.92 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the differential diagnosis of gallbladder wall (GBW) thickening and determine the predictors of malignant GBW thickening. One hundred fifty-nine patients with GBW thickening, including 76 men and 83 women, from eight institutions were enrolled. CEUS was performed after injection of a sulfur hexafluoride microbubble-based ultrasound contrast agent. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to reveal independent predictors associated with malignant GBW thickening. The final diagnoses were 48 gallbladder carcinomas and 111 benign gallbladder diseases. Maximal thicknesses of the GBW in malignant and benign GBW thickening were 17.3 ± 5.2 (6–30) mm and 8.6 ± 5.1 (4–26) mm respectively (p < 0.001). CEUS revealed significant differences in intra-lesional vessels, enhancement homogeneity, time to hypo-enhancement, inner layer discontinuity, outer layer discontinuity and adjacent liver involvement (all p-values < 0.05) between malignant and benign GBW thickening. Patient age > 46.5 y, focal GBW thickening, inner layer discontinuity and outer layer discontinuity were found to be associated with malignancy by multiple logistic regression analysis (all p-values < 0.05). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed Az values for patient age, focal GBW thickening, inner wall discontinuity and outer wall discontinuity of 0.709 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.627–0.790), 0.714 (95% CI: 0.630–0.798), 0.860 (95% CI: 0.791–0.928) and 0.858 (95% CI: 0.783–0.933), respectively. CEUS is useful in the differential diagnosis between malignant and benign GBW thickening. Focal GBW thickening, inner wall discontinuity and outer wall discontinuity observed on CEUS are diagnostic clues for malignant GBW thickening.
    Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the feasibility and efficiency of a perspective view technology (Fly Thru) for the detection of portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Fly Thru was performed in 79 HCC patients. The images were reviewed off-site for evaluation of the imaging quality and diagnosis. Pathology and/or contrast-enhanced CT was used as the reference standard for PVTT. The diagnostic quality of the images, presences of PVTT, and patency of the target vessels were recorded by two-dimensional ultrasound (2DUS) and Fly Thru image. The diagnostic performances of resident and staff radiologists were compared between 2DUS with or without off-line Fly Thru. Fly Thru was performed successfully in 43 of 79 patients (54.4%). The Fly Thru Imaging quality was good in 30/43 patients (69.8%), suboptimal but diagnostic in 10/43 (23.2%), and non-diagnostic in the remaining 3/43 (7.0%). PVTTs were detected in 31 patients according to the reference standard, with 8 in the main portal vein, 15 in the first branch, and 8 in the second branch of the portal vein. The agreement was good between conventional 2DUS and Fly Thru (κ = 0.783, p = 0.000). There was a significant association between the quality and the ability of Fly Thru in the detection of PVTTs (p = 0.001). The diagnostic performance for both readers between 2DUS with or without Fly Thru showed no statistically significant differences, except for the sensitivity for resident radiologist. The sensitivity of 2DUS (71.0%, 22/31) for resident radiologists was lower than that of Fly Thru as an adjunctive diagnostic tool (90.3%, 28/31) (p = 0.041). Fly Thru is of diagnostic quality and can provide useful information for the detection of PVTT in HCC patients.
    Abdominal Imaging 04/2014; · 1.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hypoxia and hypoxia-driven angiogenesis play an important role on the recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma after insufficient radiofrequency ablation. The hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α/vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGFA) pathway plays an important part in this process. Sorafenib is a multikinase inhibitor with activity against several receptor tyrosine kinases. However, it is unclear whether sorafenib can affect the HIF-1α/VEGFA pathway. Here, we explore whether sorafenib affects HIF-1α and the change of invasion ability in this process. In this experiment, the control group, cobalt chloride (CoCl2)-treated group, sorafenib-treated group, and cobalt chloride combined with sorafenib-treated group were adopted. Western blot and PCR were performed to detect the protein and mRNA expression of HIF-1α and VEGFA in different groups. Transwell assay was used to test the changes of invasion ability. Flow cytometry was adopted to detect the apoptotic role of sorafenib on hepatoma cells. Cobalt chloride upregulated the expression of HIF-1α protein, and the upregulation effect was more obvious when the concentration was increased gradually. Sorafenib inhibited cobalt-induced HIF-1α and VEGFA expression in hepatoma cells. Sorafenib decreased the tumor cell invasiveness induced by cobalt chloride in vitro. Sorafenib inhibited cell proliferation and induced apoptosis in hepatoma cells. These results showed that sorafenib was an effective inhibitor of the HIF-1α/VEGFA pathway, which can provide new insight into the mechanism of its anticancer activity.
    DNA and cell biology 03/2014; · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the feasibility, accuracy, and utility of sonography (US) and CT fusion imaging guidance for radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of malignant liver tumors not visualized on conventional US. Seventy-seven patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and 15 patients with metastatic liver cancer with a total of 136 lesions underwent RFA with US and CT fusion imaging guidance. The mean number of punctures, success rate of a single ablation session, local tumor progression rates, and long-term outcome were evaluated. Treatment efficacy was evaluated by dynamic CT and contrast-enhanced US 1 month after RFA. RFA was technically feasible in all patients, and no major complications occurred. The mean ± SD time needed to synchronize US and CT images was 13.9 ± 11.9 minutes (range, 5-55 minutes). The success rate of a single ablation session was 83.8% (114/136), and tumor residue was present in 7.4% of lesions (10/136). The mean number of treatment sessions was 1.2 ± 0.5 sessions. During follow-up, local tumor progression was observed for 15 (11.9%) lesions. Distant tumor recurrence was found in 51 (55.4%) patients. US and CT fusion-assisted RFA is a safe and efficacious treatment for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and metastatic liver cancer. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Ultrasound, 2014.
    Journal of Clinical Ultrasound 02/2014; · 0.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To comparatively evaluate shear wave elastography (SWE) and real-time elastography (RTE) in distinguishing malignant from benign thyroid nodules. Methods 49 patients with 64 focal thyroid nodules were enrolled and underwent SWE and RTE before surgery. SWE elasticity indices (mean, minimum and maximum value of 2-mm region of interest) of nodules were measured. For RTE, elastograms were assessed by Rago criteria and nodules with scores of 4 or 5 were classified as suspicious for malignancy. Surgery histopathologic results were adopted as diagnostic standard. Results Of the 64 nodules, 19 were papillary thyroid carcinomas and 45 were benign. SWE indices were significantly higher in malignant than benign nodules (P < 0.05). Areas under the ROC curves (AUC) of SWE parameters were 0.840, 0.831 and 0.788, which were not significantly different from that of RTE showed as 0.880 (P = 0.148-0.482). When the most accurate cut-off, 38.3 kPa for mean value was applied to predict malignancy, the diagnostic specificity, sensitivity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of SWE and RTE were 68.4% versus 79.0%, 86.7% versus 84.4%, 81.3% versus 78.1%, 68.4% versus 64.7% and 86.7% versus 83.3%, respectively (P = 0.683-1.000). Conclusion SWE as a promising tool can be performed in differentiating thyroid nodules with comparable results to RTE.
    European journal of radiology 01/2014; · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Purpose: This study was aimed to investigate whether the tumor necrosis induced by radiofrequency ablation (RFA) can improve the ratio of tumor-to-normal tissue (T/NT) after intratumoral injection of (131)I-chTNT. Materials and Method: Eighteen New Zealand rabbits bearing VX2 tumor on the thigh were randomly divided into two treatment groups (control group: intratumoral injection of (131)I-chTNT alone; RFA group: RFA + intratumoral injection of (131)I-chTNT 3 days after RFA) and each group was further divided into three subgroups I, II, and III (1-2 cm, 2-3 cm, and 3-4 cm in maximum diameter, respectively), by the tumor size. SPECT was performed to evaluate the T/NT on days 1, 8, and 15 after (131)I-chTNT injection. Results: After treatment, all rabbits underwent the SPECT whole-body scan and the T/NT was analyzed. The results showed that T/NT in the RFA group (55.45±41.83) was significantly higher compared with the control group (7.23±5.61) (F=18.89, p=0.001). Meanwhile, a linear ascending trend was found for T/NT in the RFA group along with the follow-up time (r=0.47, p=0.01). The tumor size or the dose of (131)I-TNT injection had no significant effect on the variation of T/NT in both groups (p>0.05). Conclusion: RFA before intratumoral injection of (131)I-chTNT can dramatically improve T/NT, demonstrating the potential application of this combination therapy.
    Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals 08/2013; · 1.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives- To identify the vascular architecture of focal liver lesions using micro flow imaging and compare it with characteristics on contrast harmonic imaging during the arterial phase. Methods- Micro flow imaging and contrast harmonic imaging were performed in 118 patients with various focal liver lesions: hepatocellular carcinoma (n = 70), metastasis(n = 19), intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (n = 3), lymphoma (n = 1), hemangioma (n = 17), and focal nodular hyperplasia (n = 8). The vascular architecture of the lesions on micro flow imaging was evaluated by 2 investigators independently to reveal 6 patterns (types IVI). Enhancement characteristics on contrast harmonic imaging were also evaluated. Results- Inter-reader agreement for delineating the vascular architecture was higher on contrast harmonic imaging (κ= 0.856) than micro flow imaging (κ= 0.613). On micro flow imaging, the vascular patterns of hepatocellular carcinomas were types I (28.6%), II (65.7%), and III (5.7%). On contrast harmonic imaging, 44 of 70 (62.9%) hepatocellular carcinomas showed chaotic vessels, of which 40 were type II and 4 were type II. The vascular patterns of metastases were types IV (78.9%), I (10.5%), and II (10.5%). Typical rim enhancement was identified in 57.9% of metastases on contrast harmonic imaging, and all were type IV. The vascular patterns of focal nodular hyperplasia were types VI (87.5%) and I (12.5%). Typical spoked wheel arteries were identified on contrast harmonic imaging in 2 focal nodular hyperplasia cases. The vascular patterns of hemangiomas were types V (94.1%) and II (5.9%). Typical peripheral nodular enhancement was identified in 88.2% of hemangiomas on contrast harmonic imaging, and all were type V. The χ(2) test revealed that differences in vascular architecture between the lesions were significant on micro flow imaging (P < .001). Conclusions- Micro flow imaging permitted detailed delineation of the vascular architecture of focal liver lesions. Hepatocellular carcinoma, metastasis, focal nodular hyperplasia, and hemangioma showed characteristic vascular architecture.
    Journal of ultrasound in medicine: official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine 07/2013; 32(7):1157-1171. · 1.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: To investigate and compare contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the characterisation of histologically proven focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) with contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT). METHODS: CEUS was performed in 85 patients with 85 histologically proven FNHs. Enhancement, centrifugal filling, spoke-wheel arteries, feeding artery and central scarring were reviewed and correlated with lesion size or liver background. Independent factors for predicting FNH from other focal liver lesions (FLLs) were evaluated. Forty-seven FLLs with CECT were randomly selected for comparison of diagnostic performance with CEUS. RESULTS: Centrifugal filling was more common (P = 0.002) and the significant predictor (P = 0.003) in FNHs ≤3 cm. Lesion size or liver background has no significant influence on the detection rate of the spoke-wheel arteries and feeding artery (P > 0.05). Central scarring was found in 42.6 % of FNHs ≥3 cm (P = 0.000). The area under the ROC curve, sensitivity and specificity showed no significant differences between CEUS and CECT (P > 0.05), except that the sensitivity of CEUS was better for reader 1 (P = 0.041). CONCLUSION: CEUS is valuable in characterising centrifugal filling signs or spoke wheels in small FNHs and should be employed as the first-line imaging technique for diagnosis of FNH. KEY POINTS : • The confident diagnosis of focal nodular hyperplasia is important in liver imaging. • The centrifugal filling sign is useful for diagnosis of FNHs ≤3 cm. • Contrast-enhanced ultrasound and contrast-enhanced CT have similar diagnostic performance for FNH. • CEUS should be the first-line imaging technique for the diagnosis of FNH.
    European Radiology 04/2013; · 4.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the usefulness of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) during follow-up after percutaneous ablation therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A total of 141 patients with HCCs who received percutaneous ablation therapy were assessed by paired follow-up CEUS and contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT). The follow-up scheme was designed prospectively and the intervals between CEUS and CECT examinations were less than 14 d. Both images of follow-up CEUS and CECT were reviewed by radiologists. The ablated lesions were evaluated and classified as local tumor progression (LTP) and LTP-free. LTP was defined as regrowth of tumor inside or adjacent to the successfully treated nodule. The detected new intrahepatic recurrences were also evaluated and defined as presence of intrahepatic new foci. On CEUS and CECT, LTP and new intrahepatic recurrence both were displayed as typical enhancement pattern of HCC (i.e., hyper-enhancing during the arterial phase and washout in the late phase). With CECT as the reference standard, the ability of CEUS in detecting LTP or new intrahepatic recurrence during follow-up was evaluated. During a follow-up period of 1-31 mo (median, 4 mo), 169 paired CEUS and CECT examinations were carried out for the 141 patients. For a total of 221 ablated lesions, 266 comparisons between CEUS and CECT findings were performed. Thirty-three LTPs were detected on CEUS whereas 40 LTPs were detected on CECT, there was significant difference (P < 0.001). In comparison with CECT, the numbers of false positive and false negative LTPs detected on CEUS were 6 and 13, respectively; the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) and overall accuracy of CEUS in detecting LTPs were 67.5%, 97.4%, 81.8%, 94.4% and 92.3%, respectively. Meanwhile, 131 new intrahepatic recurrent foci were detected on CEUS whereas 183 were detected on CECT, there was also significant difference (P < 0.05). In comparison with CECT, the numbers of false positive and false negative intrahepatic recurrences detected on CEUS were 13 and 65, respectively; the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV and overall accuracy of CEUS in detecting new intrahepatic recurrent foci were 77.7%, 92.0%, 92.4%, 76.7% and 84.0%, respectively. The sensitivity of CEUS in detecting LTP and new intrahepatic recurrence after percutaneous ablation therapy is relatively low in comparison with CECT.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 02/2013; 19(6):855-65. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To assess the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the diagnosis of polypoid lesions of gallbladder (PLGs). Methods: CEUS was performed to 116 patients (mean age, 49.6 years; range, 21-80 years) with PLGs from 8 university hospitals. 9 cases of biliary sludge were proven by surgery and the remaining 107 cases were confirmed by histopathological examination. The confidence level, diagnostic performance, inter-observer agreement of two independent readers with different experience was assessed. The readers were blind to the imaging and clinical results of the patients. Results: There were significant differences between benign and malignant PLGs in patient age, gender, lesion size, echogenicity, stalk, time-to-peak, vascularity on CEUS, enhancement pattern, and wall destruction. The confidence levels increased significantly and the interobserver agreement increased from 0.425 to 0.601 after CEUS. The sensitivity increased from 22.2 to 77.8% after CEUS in the staff radiologist, and from 22.2 to 66.7% in the resident radiologist. The correctly characterized lesions were 64.7% before versus 87.1% after CEUS (P = 0.125) for the staff radiologist, and 57.8% versus 70.7% for the resident radiologist (P = 0.007). No significance was found in the subgroup of lesions ≤1.0 cm before and after CEUS for the two radiologists. Conclusions: CEUS using convex multifrequency probes could detect the dynamic microvascularization of PLGs greater than 1.0 cm and facilitate the differentiation between benign and malignant tumors.
    Clinical hemorheology and microcirculation 01/2013; · 3.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Infantile hepatic hemangioendothelioma (IHH) and hepatoblastoma (HBL) are respectively the most common benign and malignant liver tumors in children. To study the clinical manifestations and the ultrasound features of the pediatric patients for distinguishing IHH from HBL. Between 2002 and 2012, thirteen children with IHH and 38 children with HBL under the age of 10 years were included. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical and the ultrasound features of the two groups, especially including parameters as follows: age at diagnosis, gender, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) elevation, venous involvement and Doppler ultrasound. Compared with HBL group, the age of IHH group was much younger (5.8 months vs. 35.1 months, P = 0.000), the AFP elevation was less likely to be detected in IHH group (23.1% vs. 89.5%, P = 0.000). Although the color flow were the same commonly observed (61.5% vs. 52.6%, P > 0.05), the spectral Doppler showed IHH was less likely to appear as arterial flow with resistance index (RI) > 0.7(12.5% vs. 75.0%, P < 0.05), characterized by arterial flow with RI < 0.7 and/or venous flow. Combined the clinical features including age (< 6 months) and normal AFP level yielded high capability in differential diagnosis, with sensitivity, specificity and Youden index of 77% (10/13), 95% (36/38), and 0.72, respectively. When combined clinical features (age and AFP) and spectral Doppler as the diagnostic criterion for distinguishing these cases with positive color flow signals, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and Youden Index were 88%, 95%, 89% and 0.83, respectively. The clinical features are effective indicators for distinguishing IHH from HBL, and the spectral Doppler may be a useful adjunct parameter for differential diagnosis.
    Hepatitis Monthly 01/2013; 13(8):e11103. · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a widely applied treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but insufficient RFA can promote rapid progression of the residual tumor through the hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α)/vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) pathway. Although sorafenib has been successfully applied to advanced HCC, the use of sorafenib in residual tumor cells after RFA has rarely been tested.PurposeTo evaluate the potential role of sorafenib as an adjunct to RFA to reduce the recurrence rate after insufficient RFA.Material and Methods Xenograft tumors of SMMC 7721 were created by subcutaneously inoculating nude mice with hepatoma cells (5 × 10(6) cells per mouse). Fourteen days after inoculation, all mice were divided into three groups (control group [sham puncture], RFA group, and RFA combined with sorafenib treatment group) with six mice in each group. Each group was given a different treatment procedure. After treatment, the volume of the tumors was calculated from the resected specimens. The mRNA and protein expression of HIF-1α and VEGFA was quantified by real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry analysis. The micro-vessel density (MVD) was determined by CD34 immunohistochemistry.ResultsReal-time PCR and immunohistochemistry analysis showed that, compared to the RFA group, HIF-1α and VEGFA expression were significantly decreased in the group that received RFA combined with sorafenib treatment (P < 0.05). By comparing the control group with the RFA group, we found that insufficient RFA promoted HIF-1α and VEGFA expression (P < 0.05). Similar results were obtained for MVD expression. Additionally, the combination of RFA with sorafenib therapy resulted in a synergistic reduction in tumor growth compared to insufficient RFA and sham puncture (P < 0.05).Conclusion Sorafenib was able to inhibit the expression of HIF-1α and VEGFA, and sorafenib was able to increase time to recurrence when used as an adjunct to RFA.
    Acta Radiologica 11/2012; · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Percutaneous ablative therapies (PAT) are valuable modalities for posthepatectomy recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (RHCC), but its impact on long-term outcome and prognosis prediction have not been well documented. The present study aimed to analyze prognostic factors and to propose a prognosis-predicting model for RHCC treated with PAT. METHODS: A total of 288 patients with posthepatectomy RHCC treated with percutaneous ethanol ablation, radiofrequency ablation, microwave ablation, or ethanol ablation combined with radiofrequency ablation were included. Survival and prognostic factors were analyzed. A prognosis-predicting model was created by quantifying and integrating all prognostic factors. RESULTS: Three-, 5-, and 7-year postablation survival rates were 37.8, 20.7, and 14.2 %, respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that interval between recurrence and initial hepatectomy, tumor number, largest diameter of tumor, and Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage at hepatectomy were independent prognostic factors for survival. A scoring system for prognostic factors was proposed, and summation of 4 prognostic factors (prognostic score) was ranged from 4 to 10. Prognostic score was classified into three strata, designated as prognostic classes A (score 4 and 5), B (score 6 and 7), and C (≥8). Three-, 5-, and 7-year postablation survival rates were 62.8, 39.4, and 26.9 % in class A, 36.9, 15.5, and 7.2 % in B, and 5.5, 0, and 0 % in class C, respectively (p = 0.00). Three-, 5-, 7-, and 10-year survival rates after initial hepatectomy were 82.4, 66.3, 52.1, and 36.4 % in class A, 51.6, 34.8, 20.7, and 6.6 % in class B, and 11.9, 7.8, 0, and 0 % in class C, respectively (p = 0.00). CONCLUSIONS: The prognostic model developed in the study could clearly predict different long-term outcomes for patients with posthepatectomy RHCC and thus help decide appropriate therapeutic strategy.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 07/2012; · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To prospectively evaluate the objective differential characteristics between cystic biliary atresia and choledochal cysts on sonography among neonates and young infants. Twenty-three patients who had sonographic findings of a portal cyst and a final diagnosis were included. Their final diagnoses were cystic biliary atresia in 12 patients and choledochal cysts in 11. All of them underwent detailed sonographic scanning. Data for cystic biliary atresia and choledochal cyst groups were compared by the χ(2) test for categorical variables and an unpaired t test for continuous variables. The triangular cord sign was detected in 11 patients in the atresia group but in none in the cyst group (P < .001). Nine of 11 patients in the cyst group had dilatation of intrahepatic bile ducts, whereas none in the atresia group had that feature (P < .001). Sonography also showed sludge deposits in the cysts in 6 of 11 patients in the cyst group, whereas none in the atresia group had sludge deposits (P = .005). The mean width and length of the cysts in the cyst group were significantly larger than those in the atresia group (P< .05 for both). The mean hepatic artery diameter was significantly larger in the atresia group than in the cyst group (P < .001). The difference in gallbladder abnormalities between the atresia (n = 11) and cyst (n = 0) groups was also significant (P < .001). When all specific sonographic features were used, all patients were correctly classified into the atresia and cyst groups. The triangular cord sign, intrahepatic bile duct dilatation, and echoic cysts might be regarded as objective sonographic features for differentiating cystic biliary atresia and choledochal cysts. Other sonographic features might be very supportive.
    Journal of ultrasound in medicine: official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine 06/2012; 31(6):833-41. · 1.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate relative factors affecting the efficiency of ultrasound-guided compression repair in iatrogenic femoral artery pseudoaneurysm. Ultrasound-guided manual compression was performed in 42 patients of iatrogenic femoral artery pseudoaneurysm from June 2004 to June 2010. There were 28 male and 14 female patients, with a mean age of (52 ± 5) years. These patients were presented with femoral artery pseudoaneurysm after catheterisation procedure by percutaneous femoral artery puncture and confirmed by color doppler flow image. Ultrasound-guided manual persistent compression with probe was performed at the puncture site between femoral artery and pseudoaneurysm, until completely thrombosis of pseudoaneurysm, whereas the pseudoaneurysm failed to complete closure required surgical repair. Out of 42 patients, 34 patients (81.0%) were successfully treated by compression resulted in completely thrombosis. There were 8 (19.0%) failures conversion to surgery. Factors associated with success were size of pseudoaneurysm (< 25 mm, 25 - 40 mm, > 40 mm; χ(2) = 13.956, P = 0.001), anti-coagulation status (χ(2) = 5.578, P = 0.010), depth of artery break (< 50 mm, 50 - 80 mm, > 80 mm; χ(2) = 14.055, P = 0.001), pseudoaneurysm communicated with common femoral artery, superficial femoral artery and profunda femoral artery (χ(2) = 8.968, P = 0.011), as well as days to presented with pseudoaneurysm (< 3 d, ≥ 3 d; χ(2) = 5.733, P = 0.012). In multivariate Logistic regression analysis, success by compression was associated with size of pseudoaneurysm (WALD = 5.34, P = 0.021) and with depth of artery break (WALD = 4.84, P = 0.028). The ultrasound-guided compression repair of iatrogenic femoral artery pseudoaneurysm is safe, convenient, inexpensive and reliable treatment.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 04/2012; 50(4):302-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Percutaneous ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation is increasingly being studied in the treatment of renal tumors. Because percutaneous ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation is a minimally invasive and nephron-sparing procedure, it is ideally suited for patients with a single kidney, multiple tumors, or contraindications to conventional surgery. We report on a patient with Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease who had multicentric tumors in the single kidney that was successfully treated with percutaneous ultrasound-guided radiofrequncy ablation. The one-year follow-up showed that there was no local recurrence or metastasis. And genetic testing showed the patient had a T to G heterozygotic missense mutation at nucleotide 515 of VHL gene exon 1.
    Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology 01/2012; 20(1):121-9. · 1.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the usefulness of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in differentiating malignant from benign gallbladder (GB) diseases. This study had institutional review board approval. 192 patients with GB diseases from 9 university hospitals were studied. After intravenous bonus injection of a phospholipid-stabilized shell microbubble contrast agent, lesions were scanned with low acoustic power CEUS. A multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to identify diagnostic clues from 17 independent variables that enabled differentiation between malignant and benign GB diseases. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed. Among the 17 independent variables, multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the following 4 independent variables were associated with the benign nature of the GB diseases, including the patient age, intralesional blood vessel depicted on CEUS, contrast washout time, and wall intactness depicted on CEUS (all P<0.05). ROC analysis showed that the patient age, intralesional vessels on CEUS, and the intactness of the GB wall depicted on CEUS yielded an area under the ROC curve (Az) greater than 0.8 in each and Az for the combination of the 4 significant independent variables was 0.915 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.857-0.974]. The corresponding Az, sensitivity, and specificity for the age were 0.805 (95% CI: 0.746-0.863), 92.2%%, and 59.6%; for the intralesional vessels on CEUS were 0.813 (95% CI: 0.751-0.875), 59.8%, and 98.0%; and for the GB wall intactness were 0.857 (95% CI: 0.786-0.928), 78.4%, and 92.9%. The cut-off values for benign GB diseases were patient age <53.5 yrs, dotted intralesional vessels on CEUS and intact GB wall on CEUS. CEUS is valuable in differentiating malignant from benign GB diseases. Branched or linear intralesional vessels and destruction of GB wall on CEUS are the CEUS features highly suggestive of GB malignancy and the patient age >53.5 yrs is also a clue for GB malignancy.
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(10):e48371. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term outcomes of percutaneous ablation (PA) of very early-stage hepatocellulcar carcinoma (HCC) with a multimodal strategy. Written informed consent was obtained from all patients before treatment. Percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) was performed for tumors in unfavorable locations; microwave ablation (MWA) was performed for tumors in favorable positions without a capsule; and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) was carried out in favorable tumors with a capsule. Since 2003, these advanced PA techniques have been used. Eighty-three patients with very early HCC were treated with PA, including 33 with PEI, 19 with MWA, and 31 with RFA. Initial complete response (CR) was achieved in 79 patients (95%). The mean follow-up period was 45 ± 27 months (range, 24-155 months). Late treatment failure was observed in eight patients (10%), which was significantly associated with tumor size (P = 0.046) and technique advancements (P = 0.009). Sustained CR was achieved in 51 patients (61%) at the end of follow-up. Major complications occurred in two patients (2%). The 1-, 3-, 5-, and 6-year disease-free survival rates were 87%, 69%, 62%, and 59%, respectively. The 1-, 3-, 5-, and 7-year overall survival rates were 94%, 88%, 78%, and 74%, respectively. Treatment of very early-stage HCC using a multimodal strategy tailored to tumor characteristics achieves equivalent initial CR rates and long-term survival rates compared to surgical resection.
    Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 12/2011; 15(12):2165-71. · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This work was to report preparation and quality control of targeted microbubbles (MB(t)) via biotin-avidin bridge, specifically verification of the "biotin-avidin-biotin" sandwich structure. (1) Lipid microbubbles filled with sulphur hexafluoride were produced by sonication and compared with commercially available microbubbles. (2) MB(t) were produced via biotin-avidin bridge. Specifically, the "biotin-avidin-biotin" sandwich structure on the surface of MB(t) was verified in vitro using fluorescence. (3) Adhesion of alpha(v)beta(3)-integrin targeted MB(t) (MB(αvβ3)) to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) was tested using the parallel plate flow chamber (PPFC). "Biotin-avidin" is a reliable method to attach molecular probe onto the surface of microbubbles.
    Journal of Microencapsulation 11/2011; 29(2):177-84. · 1.57 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

553 Citations
103.92 Total Impact Points

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Institutions

  • 2006–2014
    • Sun Yat-Sen University
      • • Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery
      • • Department of Ultrasound
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China
  • 2009
    • The Chinese University of Hong Kong
      • Institute of Digestive Disease
      Hong Kong, Hong Kong
  • 2003
    • Sun Yat-Sen University of Medical Sciences
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China