C Guglielmi

Sapienza University of Rome, Roma, Latium, Italy

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Publications (81)430.51 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Donor lymphocyte infusions (DLI) are an effective treatment for relapsed chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT). Leukemia resistance and secondary graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) are major obstacles to success with DLI. The aim of this study was to identify pre-DLI factors associated with prolonged survival in remission without secondary GVHD. We retrospectively analyzed 500 patients treated with DLI for CML relapse (16% molecular, 30% cytogenetic and 54% hematological) after alloSCT. The overall probability of failure- and secondary GVHD-free survival (FGFS) was 29% and 27% at 5 and 10 years after DLI, respectively. The type of relapse was the major factor influencing FGFS (40% for molecular and/or cytogenetic relapse and 20% for hematological relapse at 5 years, p<0.001). Chronic GVHD prior to DLI and an interval <1 year between alloSCT and first DLI were independently associated with inferior FGFS in patients with molecular and/or cytogenetic relapse. Consequently, FGFS improved from 13%, 35%, to 56% at 5 years in patients with 2, 1, and 0 adverse features, respectively. In patients with hematological relapse independent adverse prognostic factors for FGFS were: initial dose of CD3(+) cells ≥50x10(6)/kg, donor-recipient sex mismatch, and chronic GVHD prior to DLI. FGFS improved from 0%, 17%, 33%, to 37% in patients with 3, 2, 1, and 0 adverse features, respectively. The probability of survival in remission without secondary GVHD was highest (>50% at 5 years) when DLI were given beyond 1 year from alloSCT for molecular and/or cytogenetic CML relapse that was not preceded by chronic GVHD. Copyright © 2015 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 03/2015; 21(7). DOI:10.1016/j.bbmt.2015.03.012 · 3.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with chronic myeloid leukemia relapsing after allogeneic stem cell transplantation may be treated by tyrosine kinase inhibitors and/or by donor lymphocyte infusions. Best strategies and timing of administration of lymphocytes are unclear. We analyzed 155 patients who relapsed after allogeneic stem cell transplantation for chronic myeloid leukemia with disease detectable only by molecular methods and who subsequently received lymphocytes. Transplants were performed in first chronic phase (n=125) or in advanced disease (n=29) from identical siblings (n=84) or unrelated donors (n=71) between 1986 and 2003. They received lymphocytes either during molecular relapse (n=85) or upon progression to more advanced disease between 1993 and 2004. The median interval from relapse to lymphocytes infusion was 210 (0-1673) days. The median follow-up after it was 46 (3-135) months. Overall survival (OS) was 76±4% at 5 years after lymphocyte infusions (89±8% with sibling donors and 63±13% with unrelated donors (p=0.003)). Survival was 69±14% if lymphocytes were given within 6 months of the detection of molecular relapse and 81±10% (p=0.061) if given later; 81±11% if given at molecular relapse versus 71±12% (p=0.26) with more advanced disease. In multivariate analysis survival was worse if the donor was unrelated (HR 2.54 (95% CI 1.15-5.53), p=0.021) and better with lymphocyte infusion beyond 6 months from molecular relapse (HR 0.4 (95%CI 0.19-0.84), p=.0.018). These data confirm the remarkable efficacy of lymphocyte infusion for this disease. There appears to be no advantage of administering it early upon detection of molecular relapse in patients who received allogeneic stem cell transplantation for chronic myeloid leukemia.
    Haematologica 07/2014; 99(9). DOI:10.3324/haematol.2013.100198 · 5.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peripheral blood used as a source of stem cells for transplantation (PBSCT) is known to exert stronger immune-mediated effects compared with BM (BMT). We decided to retrospectively analyze the impact of stem cell source on the OS of CML patients who relapsed after either matched related donor PBSCT (N=168) or BMT (N=216) and were treated with donor lymphocyte infusions (DLI). Univariate analysis revealed a lower probability of OS after DLI in patients relapsing after PBSCT vs BMT (66% vs 79% at 5 years, P=0.013). However, a multivariate Cox analysis did not reveal any significant impact of PBSCT as a risk factor for decreased OS for patients transplanted in first chronic phase (CP1; hazard ratio (HR) 1.036, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.619-1.734). A statistical interaction term suggested that the impact of stem cell source on OS after DLI was different for those transplanted in advanced phases (negative impact of previous PBSCT-HR 2.176, 95% CI 0.930-5.091). In summary, the stem cell source does not affect the OS of CML patients who underwent PBSCT in CP1, relapsed and were treated with DLI. However, when the patients were transplanted in advanced phases, previous PBSCT seems to negatively affect OS after DLI compared with BMT.Bone Marrow Transplantation advance online publication, 26 November 2012; doi:10.1038/bmt.2012.234.
    Bone marrow transplantation 11/2012; 48(6). DOI:10.1038/bmt.2012.234 · 3.47 Impact Factor
  • Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medicin 03/2011; 458(5):631-6. DOI:10.1007/s00428-011-1064-3 · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We studied GVHD after donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) in 328 patients with relapsed CML between 1991 and 2004 . A total of 122 patients (38%) developed some form of GVHD. We analyzed GVHD by clinical presentation (acute or chronic GVHD) and onset time after the first DLI (early (< or =45 days) or late (>45 days)). There was a significant overlap between onset time and clinical presentation. Some form of GVHD occurred at a median of 104 days, acute GVHD at 45 days and chronic GVHD at 181 days after DLI. The clinical presentation was acute GVHD in 71 patients, of whom 31 subsequently developed chronic GVHD subsequently. De novo chronic GVHD was seen in 51 patients. OS for all patients was 69% (95% confidence interval (CI) 63-75) at 5 years, DLI-related mortality was 11% (95% CI 8-15) and disease-related mortality was 20% (95% CI 16-25). Risk factors for developing GVHD after DLI were T-cell dose at first DLI, the time interval from transplant to DLI and donor type. In time-dependent multivariate analysis, GVHD after DLI was associated with a risk of death of 2.3-fold compared with patients without GVHD. Clinical presentation as acute GVHD and early onset GVHD were associated with increased mortality.
    Bone marrow transplantation 07/2009; 45(3):558-64. DOI:10.1038/bmt.2009.177 · 3.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A prospective randomized study on aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphomas was conducted by investigators at several Italian institutions with the intent of comparing two third-generation conceptually different regimens: the regimen containing methotrexate with leucovorin rescue, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, prednisone, and bleomycin (MACOP-B), a short-term continuous twelve-week therapy, and F-MACHOP (5-fluorouracil, methotrexate with leucovorin rescue, cytarabine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone), a monthly intensive cyclic treatment combining prednisone with six active non-cross-resistant cytotoxic drugs. The goals of this study were the response rate, relapse-free survival, and incidence of hematologic and nonhematologic toxicities. Two hundred-eighty-six patients included between 15 and 60 years fulfilled the criteria for entry to the study; 140 patients were treated with MACOP-B and 146 with F-MACHOP. The minimum follow-up was 24 months. Clinical characteristics of all patients were similar and known prognostic factors were equally distributed between the two groups. Complete remission (CR) was achieved by 61% and 67% of the patients treated with MACOP-B and F-MACHOP, respectively; 4% and 6% were primarily resistant, 2% and 5%, respectively, died of causes directly related to therapy. At 50 months, 74% of all CR patients were alive without disease and there were no significant differences in relapse-free survival between the two groups: 75% in the F-MACHOP group and 73% in the MACOP-B group at 50 months. There was a higher incidence of mucositis among patients treated with MACOP-B than among those given F-MACHOP (11% vs 3.5%). Higher incidences of severe cytopenia (51% vs 21%) and of fatal sepsis (5% vs 2%) were recorded among patients treated with F-MACHOP than with MACOP-B. The third-generation regimens, F-MACHOP and MACOP-B, are as effective as other regimens. A prognostic analysis taking into account the principal covariates (age, symptoms, stage, serum lactate dehydrogenase, mediastinum involvement, bulky disease, histology, therapy, and dose intensity) was assessed for their impact on complete response rate incidence and on relapse rate from complete response by multivariate analysis. The linear logistic model showed that symptoms, advanced stage, mediastinum involvement, and bulky disease are prognostic factors that increase the risk of a lower rate of complete response. These data confirm the important role of a pretreatment selection for the poor-risk patients and, on the basis of these parameters, it will probably be possible to consider these patients for high-dose therapy with autologous bone marrow transplantation or autologous hematopoietic stem-cell support.
    Leukemia and Lymphoma 07/2009; 16(5-6). DOI:10.3109/10428199509054434 · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 15 cases of acute leukaemia (AL) displaying a TdT +, HLA-DR + phenotype were studied; surface immunoglobulins, T cell markers and the common acute lymphoblas-tic leukaemia (c-ALL) antigen were negative, as were peroxidase and non-specific esterase cytochemical reactions. All cases were extensively investigated by conventional immunofluorescence (IF) and immunoperoxidase (IP), with a panel of monoclonal antibodies (MoAb), using both light and electron microscopy, and for ultrastructural myeloperoxidase (MPO). 8 cases, which were OKB2+, BA1 +, B4+, J5- and BA2-by IF, expressed the J5 antigen in IP. These cases were therefore re-classified as ALL with a weak expression of the C-ALL antigen. The other 7 cases showed an OKB2-, BA1-, B4+, BA2+ phenotype at IF and were also positive for 1 or more anti-myeloid MoAb. These features were confirmed by IP study. 4 patients also presented ultra-structural positivity to MPO. These cases were considered as proliferations of early precursor cells capable of expressing both myeloid and lymphoid features. This study, while demonstrating the heterogeneity of TdT +, HLA-DR + AL, suggests that the cell origin of many cases may be defined by extensive immunotyping at both IF and IP level. The prognostic and therapeutic implications of these findings are discussed, also in view of the poor prognosis often observed in the more undifferentiated cases of AL.
    European Journal Of Haematology 04/2009; 38(2):111 - 116. DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0609.1987.tb01147.x · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report on the immunophenotype, clinical findings and response to aggressive chemotherapy of 18 patients with mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (MLCL). Cases were collected from a series of 286 high-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (HG-NHL) which, in the period September 1988 to August 1991, were enrolled in a prospective multicentre trial designed to compare the MACOP-B and F-MACHOP regimens. Immunostaining on frozen sections revealed a previously unrecognized phenotype, i.e. co-expression of B-cell (CD19, CD20, CD22, Ig-associated dimer) and activation-associated antigens (CD30 and CDw70) in about 60% of MLCL cases; in contrast, the activation-associated antigens CD25 and Ki-27 (unclustered) were consistently negative. This peculiar phenotype may reflect a derivation of the tumour from a subset of thymic activated B cells. Clinically, the patients (median age 31 years; F/M ratio 2.6) presented with bulky mediastinal mass (72%) associated with mediastinal syndrome in >50% cases; disease was stage IIA in most cases. All 18 patients received aggressive chemotherapy (F-MACHOP 11; MACOP-B 7). Complete response (CR) was achieved in 57.1% of cases treated with MACOP-B. In contrast, the response of the 11 MLCL treated with F-MACHOP was poor (CR 18.2%) as compared to that of the 135 HG-NHL treated with the same regimen during the trial (CR 69.6%). This difference was still statistically significant after adjusting for negative prognostic factors (mediastinal mass > 10 cm plus increased LDH) and suggests that F-MACHOP might not be the most appropriate regimen for this kind of lymphoma.
    British Journal of Haematology 03/2008; 89(4):780 - 789. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2141.1995.tb08415.x · 4.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although serum beta2 microglobulin (beta2 M) is an easy parameter to measure, and over-expressed in a large number of lymphoproliferative diseases, its prognostic value has been largely underestimated. The present study examined the influence of beta2M levels on overall survival (OS) of patients with follicular lymphoma (FL). The prognostic role of beta2M was evaluated in 236 patients with FL identified from the databases of the Gruppo Italiano per lo Studio dei Linfomi (GISL) and treated with anthracycline-based regimens from 1993 to 2003. Elevated serum beta2M levels were found in 82 patients (35%). According to multivariate logistic regression analysis, elevated beta2M levels were associated with elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (p=0.021), age (p=0.029), and number of involved nodal areas (p<0.001). The percentage of elevated beta2M levels increased progressively with increasing FLIPI scores (17%, 38%, and 63% in the low-, intermediate-, and high-risk groups, respectively). Five-year OS was 61% (95% CI, 47-73%) and 89% (95% CI, 82-93%) for patients with elevated vs normal beta2M levels respectively (p<0.001). Cox regression analysis showed that beta2M level had an independent and stable prognostic value (HR=3.0; 95%CI, 1.6-5.7). In a multivariate analysis the impact of beta2M level on survival was independent of FLIPI score, with a HR of 2.94 (95% CI, 1.54-5.62). Our results demonstrate that in patients treated in the pre-rituximabera, beta2M level was an independent prognostic marker in addition to FLIPI score. We thus suggest that beta2M be routinely assessed and tested in future prognostic studies of FL patients treated with combination chemotherapy and anti-CD20 agents.
    Haematologica 11/2007; 92(11):1482-8. DOI:10.3324/haematol.11502 · 5.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The introduction of imatinib mesylate has changed attitudes towards hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Information on the current use and results of HSCT is warranted. Data from 592 teams in 42 European countries described their use of HSCT for CML from 1990 to 2004. Outcomes were analyzed for 13,416 patients, with a median age of 36 years (range 1-71 years); 60% were male. The analysis considered three time cohorts, 1980 to 1990, 1991 to 1999 and 2000 to 2003. Survival, transplant-related mortality and relapse incidence were assessed at 20 years for the first cohort and compared at 2 years between the three cohorts. The numbers of HSCT for CML increased from 540 allogeneic HSCT in 1990 to 1,396 HSCT in 1999 and declined to 802 in 2004. One third of all patients and half of those with a low risk were alive at 20 years. Survival at 2 years has improved from 53% to 61% in the most recent years due to a reduction in transplant-related mortality from 41% to 30% in all patients and from 31% to 17% in low-risk patients. Stage, donor type, time interval, age and donor-recipient sex combination remain the main risk factors; patients with a risk score of 0 or 1 have a survival probability of 80% at 2 years. HSCT remains an important treatment option for patients with CML. The data describe the current status of this option and the outcome a patient can expect today. They provide an objective basis for decision making.
    Haematologica 05/2006; 91(4):513-21. · 5.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prognosis of follicular lymphomas (FL) is heterogeneous and numerous treatments may be proposed. A validated prognostic index (PI) would help in evaluating and choosing these treatments. Characteristics at diagnosis were collected from 4167 patients with FL diagnosed between 1985 and 1992. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to propose a PI. This index was then tested on 919 patients. Five adverse prognostic factors were selected: age (> 60 years vs < or = 60 years), Ann Arbor stage (III-IV vs I-II), hemoglobin level (< 120 g/L vs > or = 120 g/L), number of nodal areas (> 4 vs < or = 4), and serum LDH level (above normal vs normal or below). Three risk groups were defined: low risk (0-1 adverse factor, 36% of patients), intermediate risk (2 factors, 37% of patients, hazard ratio [HR] of 2.3), and poor risk (> or = 3 adverse factors, 27% of patients, HR = 4.3). This Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index (FLIPI) appeared more discriminant than the International Prognostic Index proposed for aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Results were very similar in the confirmation group. The FLIPI may be used for improving treatment choices, comparing clinical trials, and designing studies to evaluate new treatments.
    Blood 10/2004; 104(5):1258-65. DOI:10.1182/blood-2003-12-4434 · 10.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Graft-versus-host disease in its acute (aGvHD) or chronic form (cGvHD) remains the most important posttransplantation factor influencing outcome after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). It increases transplantation-related mortality (TRM) but reduces risk of relapse. The net effect of these 2 discordant effects determines survival. In view of current interests to exploit graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effects, we analyzed 4174 HLA-identical sibling transplantations for chronic myeloid leukemia in first chronic phase, depending on the presence or absence and severity of GvHD with a landmark analysis. During the first 100 days, only aGvHD grades III and IV had an impact on TRM. During the time period day 100 to 3 years increasing severity of aGvHD is associated with increased TRM and decreased relapse incidence (RI) with hazard ratios (HRs) for TRM as follows: grade 0, HR = 1.0; grade I, HR = 1.52 (1.19-1.96); grade II, HR = 2.48 (1.95-3.14); grade III, HR = 5.76 (4.44-7.48); grade IV, HR = 14.7 (10.9-19.9) and likewise for RI: grade I versus 0, HR = 0.94 (0.76-1.16); grade II, HR = 0.60 (0.46-0.77); grade III, HR = 0.48 (0.29-0.81); grade IV, HR = 0.14 (0.02-0.99). Beyond 3 years, TRM and RI are determined by cGvHD. Limited cGvHD reduces RI to the same extent as extensive cGvHD but has no impact on TRM and, hence, results in best survival with an HR = 0.48 (0.32-0.71). aGvHD grade I has the highest likelihood of subsequent limited cGvHD, which results in cumulative incidence estimates of survival at 10 years being best for patients with initial aGvHD grade I: survival at 10 years grade 0 = 59%, I = 63%, II = 56%, III = 26%, IV = not applicable. These data clarify the role of GvHD in posttransplantation outcome. Considerations for long-term outcome are essential when short-term data of interventions on GvHD are analyzed.
    Blood 01/2003; 100(12):3877-86. DOI:10.1182/blood.V100.12.3877 · 10.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) can produce durable remissions in patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) who have a relapse after an allogeneic stem cell transplantation. However, the best modality to administer DLI is still unclear. The effect of the initial cell dose (ICD; ie, mononuclear cells x 10(8)/kg received in the first instance) on outcome was retrospectively analyzed in 298 of 344 patients treated with DLI at 51 centers. Patients were classified into 3 groups according to the ICD: 98 in group A (<or= 0.20), 107 in group B (0.21-2.0), and 93 in group C (> 2.0). Additional infusions were given to 62%, 20%, and 5% of patients in groups A, B, and C, respectively. A lower ICD was associated with less graft-versus-host disease (GVHD; A, 26%; B, 53%; C, 62%; P <.001), less myelosuppression (A, 10%; B, 23%; C, 24%; P =.01), and similar response rate (A, 78%; B, 73%; C, 70%; P =.48). Nonadjusted estimates of 3-year survival, failure-free survival, and DLI-related mortality were 84%, 66%, and 5% respectively, in group A; 63%, 57%, and 20% in group B; and 58%, 45%, and 22% in group C. Outcome analysis was adjusted for patient age, donor type, sex of donor, sex mismatch, disease phase at transplantation, T-cell depletion, interval from transplantation to DLI, GVHD prior to relapse, relapse type, and date of DLI. After adjustment, lower ICD was associated with less GVHD, less myelosuppression, same response rate, better survival, better failure-free survival, and less DLI-related mortality. Our results suggest that the first DLI dose should not exceed 0.2 x 10(8) mononuclear cells/kg.
    Blood 07/2002; 100(2):397-405. DOI:10.1182/blood.V100.2.397 · 10.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the results of standard versus alternative myeloablative conditioning regimens in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for high-risk acute leukemia. From October 1986 to February 2000, 104 consecutive patients (male: n = 63; median age: 21, range 1.3-44.2 years) with high-risk acute leukemia underwent a non-T-cell depleted graft from an HLA-identical sibling following a standard or alternative myeloablative conditioning regimen. Sixty patients were affected by acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and 44 by acute myeloid leukemia (AML); the phase at transplant was >= 2nd complete remission (CR) in 76, untreated 1st relapse with < 20% blasts in 11, refractory leukemia or overt resistant relapse in 17. Pre-transplant regimens consisting of either 12 Gy fractionated total body irradiation (TBI) or 16 mg/kg busulphan (BU) combined with cyclophosphamide (CY) were defined standard (n = 38), whereas all other myeloablative regimens (TBI plus 60 mg/kg etoposide and three-drug combinations) were considered alternative (n = 66). No significant differences in terms of baseline characteristics, incidence and severity of either acute or chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) were observed between the two groups, but a significantly higher proportion of patients prepared with an alternative regimen were not evaluable for chronic GVHD (36% vs 16%) (p = 0.026). Sixty-six patients died, 38 of relapse, 26 of transplant-related mortality (TRM) and 2 of other causes. Thirty-eight patients are still alive with a follow-up ranging from 0.7 to 13.8 years (median, 7.1 years); only 1 of 39 patients who relapsed after transplant is alive in CR at 5.7 years from relapse. At the median follow-up, the actuarial probabilities of overall survival, relapse and TRM for patients conditioned with standard and alternative regimens are respectively 52% vs 25% (95% CI, 36-68% vs 13-37%; p = 0.0163), 34% vs 58% (95% CI, 18-51% vs 43-73%; p = 0.0377) and 25% vs 32% (95% CI, 9-40% vs 19-44%; p = ns). After adjustment for diagnosis, age, period, leukemia phase, duration of 1st CR, GVHD prophylaxis and donor-recipient sex combination, the multivariate analysis showed that alternative regimens are associated with a significantly worse survival (hazard ratio 2.31; p = 0.0071) and relapse rate (hazard ratio 2.75; p = 0.0187). From this retrospective analysis we can conclude that the alternative myeloablative conditioning regimens we used did not improve the outcome of patients transplanted for high-risk acute leukemia.
    Haematologica 01/2002; 87(1):52-8. · 5.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Umbilical cord blood (UCB) has been successfully used for haemopoietic stem cell transplantation, although its use has been cautiously limited to paediatric patients because of the reduced volume produced. The clinical results have confirmed that either engraftment or survival significantly correlate with cell dose infused. We have standardized a culture method providing in a short time a significant amplification of both committed progenitors and primitive stem cells for clinical use.Eight-day culture of UCB cells with flt3L/SCF/PIXY 321 induced a 10-fold amplification of CD34+ cells and the expansion of multipotent (CFU-GEMM) and committed (CFU-GM, BFU-E) progenitors respectively of 5-, 7- and 9-fold over input cells. As to the early stem cell pool, the primitive CD34+Thy-1+ cell fraction increased 6-fold and the LTC-IC were amplified 17-fold. Furthermore, the in vitro proliferation was detected by the gradual loss of fluorescence of the CD34+ cells tracked at day 0 with the dye PKH26. After 8 d of amplification >6% of the CD34+ cells remained intensely fluorescent. This subpopulation represents a deeply quiescent cell fraction unresponsive to cytokines and very enriched of primitive stem cells. These cells are most likely to be responsible for long-term reconstitution after transplant.
    British Journal of Haematology 12/2001; 106(1):133 - 141. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2141.1999.01519.x · 4.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL), characterized by a specific PML-RARα fusion gene resulting from translocation t(15;17) and by a high response rate to differentiation therapy with all-trans retinoic acid, presents clinical (varying WBC counts, age and treatment outcome), morphological (hypergranular M3 and hypogranular M3V) and molecular (three isoforms of PML breakpoint) heterogeneity.We correlated leukaemic immunophenotype with these aspects in 196 molecularly confirmed APLs (63 children and 133 adults) in Italy. The bcr3 isoform (P = 0.05) and FAB M3V (P = 0.05) were more frequent in children. We confirmed in APL an immunophenotype characterized by frequent expression of CD13, CD33 and CD9 and rare expression of HLA-DR, CD10, CD7 and CD11b. However, we recognized CD2 in 28%, CD34 in 23% and CD19 in 11% of cases and demonstrated by double labelling that CD34 and CD2 may be co-expressed. CD2, CD34 and CD19 were significantly intercorrelated, and variably associated to other features: CD2 and CD34 with PML bcr3 (P < 0.001 and P < 0.001, respectively) and with M3V (P < 0.001 and P = 0.002), whereas only CD19 was directly correlated with WBC counts and only CD2 positively influenced CR rate (logistic model) and event-free survival (Cox model). We conclude that immunophenotype plays a role in the determination of the biological and clinical heterogeneity of childhood and adult APL.
    British Journal of Haematology 12/2001; 102(4):1035 - 1041. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2141.1998.00871.x · 4.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our aim was to identify risk factors in adults with diffuse large cell lymphoma at first relapse. We studied 474 patients observed at 45 centers in Italy. Median time from diagnosis to relapse was 395 days, median age at relapse was 55 years and median follow-up from relapse was 3.3 years. Salvage therapy consisted of polychemotherapy in 79% of patients, monochemotherapy and/or radiotherapy and/or surgery alone in 16%, and palliative therapy in 5%. Salvage treatment was intensified with high-dose chemotherapy + stem cell transplant in 20% of patients. OS and PFS were compared by sex, International Prognostic Index at diagnosis, histology, B/T phenotype, initial treatment, salvage therapy, and features at relapse: time from diagnosis, LDH, stage, performance status and bone marrow involvement. Cox models, adjusted for salvage therapy, were performed with factors related to overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Overall response (complete + partial) was 63%, OS at 3 years 35% and PFS at 3 years 26%. Relapse within 12 months from diagnosis, elevated serum lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), advanced stage and poor performance status were independent adverse factors for OS and PFS. The cumulative number of adverse factors is proposed as prognostic index for DLCL at first relapse since it identifies risk groups (p<0.0001) and has been validated (p=0.01). Moreover, it predicts OS and PFS in the selected group of patients with a responsive relapse (p<0.0001). Delay from initial diagnosis, LDH, stage and performance status at relapse should be balanced in comparative studies of salvage therapy of adults with DLCL. Patients with more than 2 adverse factors are one third of all cases and deserve more effective salvage treatments.
    Haematologica 09/2001; 86(9):941-50. · 5.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Twenty-nine consecutive patients with high-risk hematological malignancy aged from 3 to 58 years underwent an unmanipulated graft from an HLA-identical sibling after an irradiation-free preparative regimen consisting of idarubicin (IDA), 21 mg/m2/day administered by continuous infusion on days -12 and -11, followed by busulphan (BU), 4 mg/kg/day orally from day -7 to -4, and cyclophosphamide (CY), 60 mg/kg/day intravenously on days -3 and -2 (IDA-BUCY2). Most clinically relevant extra-hematological regimen-related toxicities consisted of stomatitis observed in all subjects and hemorrhagic cystitis occurred in five cases (17%) within 100 days after transplant. Six patients (21%) developed a grade 2 acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and three (10%) a grade 3 or 4; extensive chronic GVHD was assessed in nine of 22 (41%) evaluable patients. So far, 12 patients have died and 17 are alive, 16 of whom disease-free, 5-41 months after transplant (median, 15 months). The causes of death were related to GVHD in three patients, to sepsis in one and to disease recurrence in the remaining eight. At present, only one of nine relapsed patients is alive. For all patients the actuarial probability of survival (OS) at 1 and 2 years +/- standard error (s.e.) was 63 +/- 9% and 52 +/- 10%, respectively. The actuarial probabilities of disease-free survival (DFS), relapse and transplant-related mortality (TRM) at both 1 and 2 years +/- s.e. were 53 +/- 9%, 35 +/- 9% and 16 +/- 7%, respectively. These results are encouraging but not substantially different from those obtained in 28 patients with malignancy in advanced phase transplanted after the standard BUCY2 regimen, who had an actuarial probability of OS, DFS, relapse and TRM projected at 10 years +/- s.e. of 54 +/- 10%, 57 +/- 9%, 36 +/- 9% and 11 +/- 6%, respectively. Although the retrospective comparison between the two groups does not seem to show any advantage in the use of the IDA intensified regimen, only a prospective randomized trial could answer this question.
    Leukemia 01/2001; 14(12):2052-8. DOI:10.1038/sj.leu.2401947 · 9.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCL) are usually characterized by aggressive clinical behaviour and poor clinical outcome, but their biological background has not been extensively investigated to date, due to their low incidence, about 10% of all non-Hodgkin's lymphoma cases in Western countries, and also to the paucity of specific molecular-genetic abnormalities. Neverthless, there is increasing biological and clinical evidence that primary nodal PTCL should be considered separately from extra-nodal cases, but little is known about biological factors of possible clinical and prognostic impact. This immunohistochemical study has analysed the expression of p53, Mdm2, p21(WAF1), BCL-2 and p-glycoprotein (MDR-1 gene product) in a series of 45 cases of nodal peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCL) with 'high-grade' histology. The immunohistochemical findings were then correlated with proliferative activity and clinical outcome. p53 was over-expressed in 13 cases (28.9%). p53 positive cases showed significantly higher proliferative activity (p<0.01), more frequent expression of Bcl-2 (p<0.01) and less frequent expression of p21(WAF1) than p53 negative cases. Mdm2 and p-glycoprotein were expressed in 4/13 (30.8%) and 8/13 (61.5%) p53 positive cases respectively, and in none (0%) of the p53 negative cases (p<0.01). Analysis of the survival curves showed that p53 positive cases were associated with a significantly poorer clinical outcome than p53 negative cases, in terms of both overall survival (p=0.0032) and event-free survival (p=0.0004). Furthermore, multivariate analysis showed that p53 expression was the most important independent prognostic variable. These findings indicate that p53 over-expression identifies a subset of nodal PTCL cases with a distinctive biological profile (higher proliferative activity, less frequent expression of p21(WAF1) and more frequent expression of Bcl-2, Mdm2 and p-glycoprotein than p53 negative cases) and poor clinical outcome. The immunohistochemical analysis of p53 expression is a simple, rapid and low-cost method which may provide information of potential clinical and prognostic value in nodal peripheral T-cell lymphomas.
    The Journal of Pathology 01/2001; 195(3):361-6. DOI:10.1002/path.945 · 7.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with Ph+ chronic myelogenous leukemia who relapse after a first allogeneic stem cell transplant still have a possibility of long-term survival. To assess the value of the individual therapeutic options, the factors predicting outcome should be identified. We investigated data from 500 patients who relapsed before July 1996; follow-up was updated during 1998. The actuarial survival from relapse was 34.2% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 29. 9%-38.5%) at 5 years and 23.4% (95% CI: 18.9%-27.9%) at 10 years. Survival after relapse was significantly related to 5 factors: time from diagnosis to transplant (< 2 years vs >/= 2 years), disease phase at transplant (first chronic phase vs other), disease stage at relapse (cytogenetic or chronic phase vs advanced phase), time from transplant to relapse (< 1 year vs >/= 1 year), and donor type (HLA-identical sibling vs volunteer unrelated donor). The effects of individual adverse risk factors were cumulative: The probability of survival at 10 years decreased stepwise from 42% (0 factors), 32% (1 factor), 14% (2 factors), 3% (3 factors), to 0% (4 or 5 factors). Novel strategies for high-risk patients are warranted. We conclude that these 5 factors should be taken into account when comparing results of salvage therapies in patients with Ph+ chronic myeloid leukemia relapsing after allogeneic stem cell transplant.
    Blood 06/2000; 95(11):3328-34. · 10.43 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

3k Citations
430.51 Total Impact Points


  • 1984–2015
    • Sapienza University of Rome
      • • Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine
      • • Department of Cellular Biotechnology and Hematology BCE
      • • Department of Experimental Medicine
      Roma, Latium, Italy
  • 2006
    • Universitätsspital Basel
      Bâle, Basel-City, Switzerland
  • 2002
    • Universität Ulm
      Ulm, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • 1999
    • The Catholic University of America
      Washington, Washington, D.C., United States
  • 1992
    • University of Padova
      • Department of Pediatrics
      Padua, Veneto, Italy
  • 1991
    • University of Bologna
      • Institute of Haematology
      Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
  • 1981
    • Università degli Studi Europea di Roma
      Roma, Latium, Italy