Tejpal Gupta

Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai, Mahārāshtra, India

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Publications (132)431.04 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To estimate dose-response relationship using dynamic quantitative (99m)Tc-pertechnate scintigraphy in head-neck cancer patients treated with parotid-sparing conformal radiotherapy. Dynamic quantitative pertechnate salivary scintigraphy was performed pre-treatment and subsequently periodically after definitive radiotherapy. Reduction in salivary function following radiotherapy was quantified by salivary excretion fraction (SEF) ratios. Dose-response curves were modeled using standardized methodology to calculate tolerance dose 50 (TD50) for parotid glands. Salivary gland function was significantly affected by radiotherapy with maximal decrease in SEF ratios at 3-months, with moderate functional recovery over time. There was significant inverse correlation between SEF ratios and mean parotid doses at 3-months (r = -0.589, p < 0.001); 12-months (r = -0.554, p < 0.001); 24-months (r = -0.371, p = 0.002); and 36-months (r = -0.350, p = 0.005) respectively. Using a post-treatment SEF ratio <45% as the scintigraphic criteria to define severe salivary toxicity, the estimated TD50 value with its 95% confidence interval (95%CI) for the parotid gland was 35.1Gy (23.6-42.6Gy), 41.3Gy (34.6-48.8Gy), 55.9Gy (47.4-70.0Gy) and 64.3Gy (55.8-70.0Gy) at 3, 12, 24, and 36-months respectively. There is consistent decline in parotid function even after conformal radiotherapy with moderate recovery over time. Dynamic quantitative pertechnate scintigraphy is a simple, reproducible, and minimally invasive test of major salivary gland function.
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    ABSTRACT: Context: Various studies have shown the important risk factors for distant metastasis in head and neck cancer (HNC) which are present in most of the patients in developing countries. Identification of factors on the basis of time to distant metastasis (TDM) can help in future trials targeting smaller subgroups. Aims and Objectives: To identify the factors that predict TDM in radically treated HNC patients. Settings and Design: Retrospective audit. Materials and Methods: Retrospective audit of the prospectively maintained electronic database of a single HNC radiotherapy clinic from 1990 to 2010 was done to identify radically treated patients of HNC who developed distant metastasis. Univariate and multivariate analysis were done to identify baseline (demographic, clinical, pathological, and treatment) factors which could predict TDM, early time to metastasis (ETM; <12 months), intermediate time to metastasis (ITM; 12-24 months), and late time to metastasis (LTM; >2 years) using Kaplan Meier and Cox regression analysis, respectively. Results: One hundred patients with distant metastasis were identified with a median TDM of 7.4 months; 66 had ETM, 17 had ITM, and 17 had LTM. On multivariate analysis, the nodal stage 2-3 (N2/3) was the only baseline factor independently predicting TDM, ETM, and ITM, whereas none of the baseline factors predicted LTM. Conclusions: Higher nodal burden (N2/3) is associated with both ETM and ITM, and calls for aggressive screening, systemic therapy options, and surveillance. It is difficult to predict patients who are at a risk of developing LTM with baseline factors alone and evaluation of biological data is needed.
    Indian Journal of Cancer 12/2014; 51(3):231-235. DOI:10.4103/0019-509X.146734 · 1.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of hypothyroidism after chemoradiation in head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC). Methods One hundred twenty-two patients treated with 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT; 70 Gy/35#) or intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT; 66 Gy/30#) in 2 identical simultaneous randomized trials were studied. Thyroid function was assessed at baseline and every 3 to 6 monthly thereafter. Development of subclinical (thyroid-stimulating hormone [TSH] >4.67 IU/mL) or biochemical (T4 <4.5 g/dL) hypothyroidism was noted. Multivariate analyses were done to determine the factors associated with hypothyroidism. ResultsAt a median of 41 months, 55.1% of the patients developed hypothyroidism (39.3% subclinical, 15.7% biochemical). The IMRT arm had higher subclinical hypothyroidism (51.1% vs 27.3%; p = .021) peaking around 1 year postradiotherapy in both arms. Younger age, hypopharynx/larynx primary, node positivity, higher dose/fraction (IMRT arm), and D100 were statistically significant factors for developing hypothyroidism. Conclusion Postradiotherapy hypothyroidism peaks at 1 year. Higher dose per fraction possibly led to greater incidence of hypothyroidism in the IMRT cohort. (c) 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck 36: 1573-1580, 2014
    Head & Neck 11/2014; 36(11). DOI:10.1002/hed.23482 · 3.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Hemangioblastomas (HBs) are rare WHO grade I neoplasms of uncertain histogenesis. Most are sporadic and association with von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL) is uncommon. Materials and Methods: Histomorphological and immunohistochemical evaluation of 24 cases of HBs was done. Results: Age range was 15-68 yrs (median: 30 yrs) with male:Female of 1.2:1 (M-13; F-11). Cerebellum was commonest location (n = 20), one each was seen in brain stem, cervical spinal cord, fourth ventricle and frontal lobe, respectively. VHL association was noted in 5 cases. Four cases were recurrent in nature of which 3 were in association with vHL. Histologically, reticular variant was the predominant subtype (n = 15), 5 were of cellular variant and 4 were mixed. Nuclear pleomorphism, nuclear cytoplasmic inclusions, cytoplasmic vacuolation were noted in the stromal cells in varying proportions. Immunohistochemical evaluation was successful in only 11 cases and of which 8 showed stromal cell positivity for alpha-inhibin. CD56 (NCAM), Nestin and synaptophysin positivity was seen in 6, 7 and 4 cases, respectively. Nestin positivity was noted in stromal cells only and no reactivity with the endothelial cells seen. S-100 protein and NSE positivity was seen in 8 and 10 cases, respectively. Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) showed two distinct patterns of immunoreactivity - scattered stromal cell positivity (n:5) and pattern of reactive astrogliosis positivity (n:10). CD44 positivity was noted in 5 cases. VEGF and EGFR positivity was seen in 5 cases each. None of the cases showed positivity for epithelial membrane antigen and no stromal cells in any of the cases showed positivity for CD34 and CD31. Conclusion: HBs can occur in throughout the neuroaxis. Cerebellum is the commonest site of occurrence for HBs and uncommonly can occur in the supratentorial compartment and spinal cord. Its association with vHL is uncommon and no histological or immunohistochemical correlation was identified with the same.
    Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology 10/2014; 57(4):542-548. DOI:10.4103/0377-4929.142645 · 0.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To study the impact of multiparametric MRI and (18)F-FDG-PET on the outcome of children with diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas (DIPG). Materials and Methods: Imaging data from a phase-II prospective therapeutic study in children with newly diagnosed DIPG were considered for evaluation. They included baseline MRI with contrast enhancement before treatment. Functional imaging included MR spectroscopy, MR perfusion and FDG-PET studies. All patients (n = 20) had baseline MRI and 11 patients had FDG-PET. Response was assessed by MRI and PET 4 weeks after therapy. Baseline imaging findings were correlated with survival. Presence or absence of adverse parameters on MRI (heterogeneous contrast enhancement, hyperperfusion or increased choline:NAA ratio) was used to develop a cumulative radiological prognostic index (RPI). Sensitivity and specificity of each imaging modality in tumour grading was estimated. Results: The cumulative RPI was able to classify the patients into different grades and was predictive of overall survival (p = 0.02). MR perfusion also predicted survival (p = 0.039). Sensitivity and specificity of MRI and FDG-PET to detect low-grade gliomas were low to moderate (33-66%), but moderate to high in detecting high-grade gliomas (50-100%). Baseline FDG uptake on PET scan did not correlate with survival (p = 0.7). Conclusions: Cumulative RPI was able to classify tumours into different grades and predicted clinical outcome. At baseline, MR hyperperfusion indicated a shorter survival for DIPG patients. Sensitivity and specificity of imaging modalities to detect low-grade gliomas were poor. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Pediatric Neurosurgery 09/2014; DOI:10.1159/000366167 · 0.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background:To report the results of a phase III, three arm, randomised trial comparing conventional radiotherapy (RT) to concurrent chemo-radiotherapy (CTRT) and accelerated radiotherapy (ART), in advanced head and neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma.Methods:One hundred and eighty six of planned 750 patients who were randomised to receive 1. RT (66-70Gy / 2 Gy fraction / 5 fractions weekly, 2. CTRT- weekly Cisplatin (30 mg/m2) with same RT dose, 3. ART alone- 66-70 Gy / 2 Gy fraction / 6 fractions weekly were available for analysis. The primary end point was loco-regional control (LRC) at 5 years.Results:The mean follow up was 54 months. Among the three arms, CTRT showed superior LRC (49%, p=0.049). RT had lower grade ≥ 3 mucositis and late toxicity.Conclusion:CTRT is associated with significantly better LRC as compared to RT and ART with higher but acceptable acute and late toxicities. Head Neck, 2014
    Head & Neck 09/2014; DOI:10.1002/hed.23865 · 3.01 Impact Factor
  • Tejpal Gupta, Vimoj Nair, Rakesh Jalali
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    ABSTRACT: SUMMARY Glioblastomas are organized hierarchically with a small number of glioblastoma stem cells that have unique self-renewal capacity and multilineage potency. The subventricular zone (SVZ) constitutes the largest neural stem cell niche in the adult human brain; it may also act as a reservoir of glioblastoma stem cells that can initiate, promote or repopulate a tumor. Incidental irradiation of SVZ has been shown to potentially influence outcomes suggesting that aggressively targeting the stem cell niche may offer a ray of hope in glioblastoma. The following review provides a summary of the experimental evidence supporting the origin and location of the putative glioblastoma stem cell in the SVZ, and offers a critical appraisal of the growing body of clinical evidence correlating SVZ dosimetry with outcomes in glioblastoma.
    09/2014; 3(5):367-76. DOI:10.2217/cns.14.39
  • Indian Society of Neuro-oncology Annual Conference 2014, Lucknow; 04/2014
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Treatment intensification by using chemo-radiotherapy (CT-RT) or altered fractionation radiotherapy (AF-RT) improves outcomes in loco-regionally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Methods: Two comprehensive meta-analyses with similar control arms (conventionally fractionated radiotherapy) were compared indirectly. Results: The hazard ratio (HR) of death with 95% confidence interval (CI) for the overall comparison of AF-RT with concomitant CT-RT was 1.13 (95%CI: 0.97-1.29, p=0.07) suggesting no significant difference between both approaches. Compared to concomitant CT-RT, the HR for death was 1.01 (95%CI: 0.89-1.15, p=0.82); 1.22 (95%CI: 0.94-1.59, p=0.13); and 1.22 (95%CI: 1.07-1.39, p=0.002) for hyperfractionated radiotherapy (HF-RT); accelerated radiotherapy (AX-RT) without total dose reduction; and AX-RT with total dose reduction respectively. Conclusion: Concomitant CT-RT and HF-RT are comparable to one another on indirect comparison in the radiotherapeutic management of loco-regionally advanced HNSCC. Any form of acceleration (with or without total dose reduction) may not compensate fully for lack of chemotherapy. Head Neck, 2014
    Head & Neck 04/2014; DOI:10.1002/hed.23661 · 3.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to assess three-dimensional (3D) set-up errors using megavoltage computed tomography (MVCT) during image-guided intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for supine craniospinal irradiation (CSI) on helical tomotherapy (HT). Patients were immobilized in a customized 4-clamp thermoplastic head mask with or without whole-body vacuum cradle. Set-up was based primarily on a set of cranial fiducial markers. MVCT scans were acquired and co-registered with planning scan separately at three different levels (brain, upper, and lower spine) at every fraction. Only translational displacements were analysed, wherein positive sign denotes deviation in anterior, left, and superior direction; while negative sign denotes deviation in posterior, right, and inferior direction. Mean displacements, systematic, and random errors of the study population were calculated at all three levels separately. Local residual uncertainty of the upper and lower spine was also derived assuming perfect co-registration of the skull. Set-up margins for clinical target volume (CTV) to planning target volume (PTV) were derived at these three levels separately using published margin recipes. Data from 1868 co-registrations in 674 fractions on 33 patients was included. The mean displacements in the lateral, longitudinal, and vertical directions were -1.21, -1.36, and 1.38 mm; -1.25, -0.34, and 0.65 mm; and -1.47, -2.78, and 0.22 mm for the brain; upper spine; and lumbar spine respectively. The corresponding 3D vector of displacement was 2.28; 1.45; and 3.15 mm respectively. There was a distinct systematic trend towards increasing inaccuracy from the brain towards the lower spine. Using Stroom's formula, the minimum recommended CTV to PTV margins in absence of daily image-guidance were 6.5; 7.0; and 9.5 mm for the brain; upper spine; and lower spine respectively. This increased to 7.5; 8.5; and 11.5 mm using van Herk's formula. Subset and sensitivity analyses could not identify any factor predictive of increased inaccuracy. Residual uncertainty of the spinal column was lesser after daily co-registration referenced to the skull, suggesting that smaller set-up margins maybe appropriate while using daily image-guidance with an online correction protocol. Daily MVCT imaging during supine CSI on HT provides volumetric verification of the set-up process. There is substantial site-dependent variability in translational displacements that increases systematically from brain towards the lower spine with implications for differential set-up margins for the brain, upper, and lower spine.
    Technology in cancer research & treatment 12/2013; DOI:10.7785/tcrt.2012.500391 · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mutational landscape of gingivo-buccal oral squamous cell carcinoma reveals new recurrently-mutated genes and molecular subgroups India Project Team of the International Cancer Genome Consortium 1 Gingivo-buccal oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC-GB), an anatomical and clinical subtype of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), is prevalent in regions where tobacco-chewing is common. Exome sequencing (n ¼ 50) and recurrence testing (n ¼ 60) reveals that some significantly and frequently altered genes are specific to OSCC-GB (USP9X, MLL4, ARID2, UNC13C and TRPM3), while some others are shared with HNSCC (for example, TP53, FAT1, CASP8, HRAS and NOTCH1). We also find new genes with recurrent amplifications (for example, DROSHA, YAP1) or homozygous deletions (for example, DDX3X) in OSCC-GB. We find a high proportion of C4G transversions among tobacco users with high numbers of mutations. Many pathways that are enriched for genomic alterations are specific to OSCC-GB. Our work reveals molecular subtypes with distinctive mutational profiles such as patients predominantly harbouring mutations in CASP8 with or without mutations in FAT1. Mean duration of disease-free survival is significantly elevated in some molecular subgroups. These findings open new avenues for biological characterization and exploration of therapies.
    Nature Communications 12/2013; DOI:10.1038/ncomms3873 · 10.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Medulloblastoma has recently been found to consist of 4 molecularly and clinically distinct subgroups: WNT, Sonce hedgehog (SHH), Group 3, and Group 4. Deregulated microRNA expression is known to contribute to pathogenesis and has been shown to have diagnostic and prognostic potential in the classification of various cancers.Methods Molecular subgrouping and microRNA expression analysis of 44 frozen and 59 formalin-fixed paraffin embedded medulloblastomas from an Indian cohort were carried out by real-time RT-PCR assay.ResultsThe differential expression of 9 microRNAs in the 4 molecular subgroups was validated in a set of 101 medulloblastomas. The tumors in the WNT subgroup showed significant (P < .0001) overexpression of miR-193a-3p, miR-224, miR-148a, miR-23b, and miR-365. Reliable classification of medulloblastomas into the 4 molecular subgroups was obtained using a set of 12 protein-coding genes and 9 microRNAs as markers in a real-time RT-PCR assay with an accuracy of 97% as judged by the Prediction Analysis of Microarrays. Age at diagnosis, histology, gender-related incidence, and the relative survival rates of the 4 molecular subgroups in the present Indian cohort were found to be similar to those reported for medulloblastomas from the American and European subcontinent. Non-WNT, non-SHH medulloblastomas underexpressing miR-592 or overexpressing miR-182 were found to have significantly inferior survival rates, indicating utility of these miRNAs as markers for risk stratification.Conclusions The microRNA based real-time PCR assay is rapid, simple, inexpensive, and useful for molecular classification and risk stratification of medulloblastomas, in particular formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissues, wherein the expression profile of protein-coding genes is often less reliable due to RNA fragmentation.
    Neuro-Oncology 11/2013; 15(12). DOI:10.1093/neuonc/not123 · 5.29 Impact Factor
  • Journal of cancer research and therapeutics 10/2013; 9(4):761-762. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Myelo-suppression, the dose-limiting toxicity of alkylating cytotoxic agents is generally perceived to be uncommon with temozolomide (TMZ), a novel oral second generation imidazotetrazinone prodrug, with a reported incidence of 5-10% of grade 3-4 acute hematologic toxicity. We were observing a higher incidence of clinically significant myelo-toxicity with the standard schedule of TMZ, particularly in females, prompting us to do a clinical audit in our patient population. METHODS: One hundred two adults (>18 years of age) treated with TMZ either for newly diagnosed or recurrent/progressive high-grade glioma constituted the study cohort. Clinically significant acute hematologic toxicity was defined as any one or more of the following: any grade 3-4 hematologic toxicity; omission of daily TMZ dose for ≥3 consecutive days during concurrent phase; deferral of subsequently due TMZ cycle by ≥7 days during adjuvant phase; dose reduction or permanent discontinuation of TMZ; use of growth factors, platelets or packed-cell transfusions during the course of TMZ. Uni-variate and multi-variate analysis was performed to correlate incidence of acute hematologic toxicity with baseline patient, disease, and treatment characteristics. RESULTS: The incidence of clinically significant neutropenia and thrombocytopenia was 7% and 12% respectively. Seven (7%) patients needed packed-cells, growth factors, and/or platelet transfusions. Grade 3-4 lymphopenia though common (32%) was self-limiting and largely asymptomatic. Two (2%) patients, both women succumbed to community acquired pneumonia during adjuvant TMZ. Multi-variate logistic regression analysis identified female gender, grade IV histology, baseline total leukocyte count <7700/mm(3) and baseline serum creatinine ≥1mg/dl as factors associated with significantly increased risk of clinically significant acute hematologic toxicity. CONCLUSION: The incidence of TMZ induced clinically significant neutropenia and thrombocytopenia was low in our patient population. Severe lymphopenia though high was largely asymptomatic and self-limiting. Gender, grade, leukocyte count, and serum creatinine were significant independent predictors of severe acute myelo-toxicity.
    Clinical neurology and neurosurgery 06/2013; 115(9). DOI:10.1016/j.clineuro.2013.05.015 · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate and compare health-related quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes in patients with head-neck squamous cell carcinoma randomized to either intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) or three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) and assess serial longitudinal change in QOL over time. METHODS: QOL outcomes were assessed using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QOL questionnaire (QLQ-C30) and Head-Neck module (HN-35) at baseline (pre-treatment) and subsequently periodically on follow-up. Mean scores of individual domains/scales of 3D-CRT and IMRT were compared using 't' test at each time point; while longitudinal change in mean scores of both groups over time was evaluated by repeated measurement analysis of variance. RESULTS: Fifty eight of the 60 randomized patients who filled the QOL questionnaire at least at one time point were included in the analysis. Several general (emotional functioning, role functioning, social contact) as well as head and neck cancer-specific (dry mouth, opening mouth, sticky saliva, pain, senses) QOL domains were better preserved with IMRT compared to 3D-CRT at different time points. Importantly, none of the QOL domains were worse with IMRT at any time point. There was substantial deterioration in QOL scores immediate post-treatment (3-months) in both arms. However, QOL scores gradually but definitely improved over time for most domains. Global QOL, emotional/role functioning, nausea/vomiting, pain, swallowing, speech, social contact/eating, insomnia showed rapid recovery (<6months) while physical/cognitive functioning, dry mouth, sticky saliva, fatigue, senses showed delayed recovery (>6months). There were no significant differences in loco-regional or survival between the two arms. CONCLUSIONS: There is substantial deterioration in QOL after curative-intent head-neck irradiation that gradually improves over time. IMRT results in clinically meaningful and statistically better QOL scores for some domains compared to 3D-CRT at several time points with comparable disease outcomes that could support its widespread adoption in routine clinical practice.
    Oral Oncology 04/2013; 49(6). DOI:10.1016/j.oraloncology.2013.02.013 · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of modern conformal fractionated radiotherapy (RT) in patients with uncured Cushing's disease (CD) after failed transsphenoidal surgery (TSS). In this retrospective analysis, we reviewed records of patients with CD who received modern conformal fractionated RT between 2001 and 2010. Records were evaluated for frequency and interval of remission post RT. The change in the tumour size, endocrine insufficiencies and complications developing post RT were noted. Remission was defined as 2 mg Low dose dexamethasone suppressed cortisol of <50 nmol/l. During the study period of 10 years, a total of 24 patients (mean age: 27.9, range: 21-48 years) underwent pituitary RT for CD. Out of these, long term follow up was available for 22 patients and 20 patients (15F/5M, 12 microadenomas/8 macroadenomas) were included for final analysis. All the patients received modern conformal fractionated external beam RT (45 Gy in 25 fractions) with the median follow up of 37.5 months (range 12-144). Fifteen patients (10 microadenomas/5 macroadenomas) underwent remission after a median follow up period of 20 months. None of the patients had recurrence. Post RT, new onset endocrine deficiencies were seen in 8 (40 %) patients. Modern conformal fractionated external beam radiotherapy is an effective modality for treatment of adult patients with CD after failed TSS.
    Pituitary 02/2013; 17(1). DOI:10.1007/s11102-013-0466-4 · 2.22 Impact Factor
  • 01/2013; 4:66-12. DOI:10.5005/jp-journals-10001-1128
  • International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics 11/2012; 84(3):S649. DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2012.07.1732 · 4.18 Impact Factor
  • T Gupta, C Anand Narayan
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    ABSTRACT: The evolution of radiotherapy has been ontogenetically linked to medical imaging. Over the years, major technological innovations have resulted in substantial improvements in radiotherapy planning, delivery, and verification. The increasing use of computed tomography imaging for target volume delineation coupled with availability of computer-controlled treatment planning and delivery systems have progressively led to conformation of radiation dose to the target tissues while sparing surrounding normal tissues. Recent advances in imaging technology coupled with improved treatment delivery allow near-simultaneous soft-tissue localization of tumor and repositioning of patient. The integration of various imaging modalities within the treatment room for guiding radiation delivery has vastly improved the management of geometric uncertainties in contemporary radiotherapy practice ushering in the paradigm of image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT). Image-guidance should be considered a necessary and natural corollary to high-precision radiotherapy that was long overdue. Image-guided radiation therapy not only provides accurate information on patient and tumor position on a quantitative scale, it also gives an opportunity to verify consistency of planned and actual treatment geometry including adaptation to daily variations resulting in improved dose delivery. The two main concerns with IGRT are resource-intensive nature of delivery and increasing dose from additional imaging. However, increasing the precision and accuracy of radiation delivery through IGRT is likely to reduce toxicity with potential for dose escalation and improved tumor control resulting in favourable therapeutic index. The radiation oncology community needs to leverage this technology to generate high-quality evidence to support widespread adoption of IGRT in contemporary radiotherapy practice.
    Journal of Medical Physics 10/2012; 37(4):174-82. DOI:10.4103/0971-6203.103602

Publication Stats

799 Citations
431.04 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002–2014
    • Tata Memorial Centre
      • Department of Radiation Oncology
      Mumbai, Mahārāshtra, India
  • 2009–2013
    • Advanced Centre for Treatment, Research and Education in Cancer (ACTREC)
      Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  • 2005–2012
    • Advanced Centre for Treatment, Research and Education in Cancer
      Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  • 2011
    • Catholic University of the Sacred Heart
      • School of Ophthalmology
      Milano, Lombardy, Italy