A Cosson

Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire de Lille, Lille, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France

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Publications (77)306.94 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We present a study in which we used a recently described method combining fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunophenotyping, i.e. FICTION, to assess the involvement of different cell lineages in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with monosomy 7 (–7), trisomy 8 (+8) or loss of Y chromosome (–Y). Blood or marrow smears or cytocentrifuge preparations were stained both by antibodies to granulocytes (CD15), monocytes (CD14), T lymphocytes (CD3), B lymphocytes (CD2o) and by probes specific for chromosomes 7, 8 or Y. Of nine cases of MDS with –7, four with +8 and two with – Y studied, none showed lymphocytic involvement by the chromosome abnormality. In contrast, -7,-1-8 and – Y were found in granulocytes and monocytes in all patients studied, but they involved a variable proportion of those cells. The partial involvement by –7 and +8 seen in some cases suggests that myelopoi'esis was only partially clonal in those cases, or that the chromosome abnormality was a secondary event in the MDS process. FICTION therefore appears to be a simple and easily reproducible method that can be used for the assessment of lineage involvement in MDS and other haematological malignancies.
    British Journal of Haematology 03/2008; 90(3):701 - 706. · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chromosomal abnormalities are found by conventional cytogenetic (CC) analysis in about 50% of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and 70% of acute myeloid leukemias (AML). When cytogenetic abnormalities are complex, multiplex fluorescence in situ hybridization (M-FISH) can help clarify complex chromosomal abnormalities and identify rearrangements with prognostic value or cryptic translocations, which could be preliminary steps in identifying new genes. We studied by M-FISH 28 cases of MDS and AML with complex chromosomal abnormalities, 10 of them were therapy-related. M-FISH allowed the characterization of unidentified chromosomal material in 26 cases (93%). One or several unbalanced rearrangements were observed in 27 cases (96%), generally interpreted as deletions or additional material by CC. Among those translocations, 4 involved 3 chromosomes. Eighteen cryptic translocations undetected by CC were found in 13 cases. By FISH analysis using locus specific probes, TP53 deletion, additional copies of MLL, and additional copies or deletions of RUNX1/AML1 were observed in 16, 4, and 3 cases, respectively. Thus, M-FISH is an important tool to characterize complex chromosomal abnormalities which identified unbalanced and cryptic translocations in 96% and 46% of the cases studied, respectively. Complementary FISH helped us identify involvement of TP53, MLL, and RUNX1/AML1 genes in 82% of cases, confirming their probable role in leukemogenesis.
    Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 04/2005; 157(2):118-26. · 1.93 Impact Factor
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    Blood 01/2003; 100(13):4680-1. · 9.06 Impact Factor
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    Leukemia 02/2002; 16(1):150-1. · 10.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The AML1 gene, situated in 21q22, is often rearranged in acute leukemias through t(8;21) translocation, t(12;21) translocation, or less often t(3;21) translocation. Recently, point mutations in the Runt domain of the AML1 gene have also been reported in leukemia patients. Observations for mutations of the Runt domain of the AML1 gene in bone marrow cells were made in 300 patients, including 131 with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), 94 with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), 28 with blast crisis chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), 3 with atypical CML, 41 with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and 3 with essential thrombocythemia (ET). Forty-one of the patients had chromosome 21 abnormalities, including t(8;21) in 6 of the patients with AML, t(12;21) in 8 patients with ALL, acquired trisomy 21 in 17 patients, tetrasomy 21 in 7 patients, and constitutional trisomy 21 (Down syndrome) in 3 patients. A point mutation was found in 14 cases (4.7%), including 9 (22%) of the 41 patients with AML of the Mo type (MoAML) (none of them had detectable chromosome 21 rearrangement) and 5 (38%) of the 13 myeloid malignancies with acquired trisomy 21 (1 M1AML, 2 M2AML, 1 ET, and 1 atypical CML). In at least 8 of 9 mutated cases of MoAML, both AML alleles were mutated: 3 patients had different stop codon mutations of the 2 AML1 alleles, and 5 patients had the same missense or stop codon mutation in both AML1 alleles, which resulted in at least 3 of the patients having duplication of the mutated allele and deletion of the normal residual allele, as shown by FISH analysis and by comparing microsatellite analyses of several chromosome 21 markers on diagnosis and remission samples. In the remaining mutated cases, with acquired trisomy 21, a missense mutation of AML1, which involved 2 of the 3 copies of the AML1 gene, was found. Four of the 7 mutated cases could be reanalyzed in complete remission, and no AML1 mutation was found, showing that mutations were acquired in the leukemic clone. In conclusion, these findings confirm the possibility of mutations of the Runt domain of the AML1 gene in leukemias, mainly in MoAML and in myeloid malignancies with acquired trisomy 21. AML1 mutations, in MoAML, involved both alleles and probably lead to nonfunctional AML1 protein. As AML1 protein regulates the expression of the myeloperoxidase gene, the relationship between AML1 mutations and Mo phenotype in AML will have to be further explored. (Blood. 2000;96:2862-2869)
    Blood 11/2000; 96(8):2862-9. · 9.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), P-glycoprotein (P-gp) expression is clinically associated with drug resistance, whereas the clinical significance of multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP1) is uncertain. Bone marrow from 56 patients with MDS, including six with refractory anaemia (RA)/RA with ringed sideroblasts (RARS), 23 cases of RA with excess blasts/in transformation (RAEB/T), four patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML) and 23 cases of MDS having progressed to acute myeloid leukaemia (MDS-AML), were studied. MRP1 expression was investigated by immunocytochemistry (ICC) and by flow cytometry using MRPm6 monoclonal antibody. The efflux test using calcein-AM (CAM) +/- probenecid to evaluate MRP1 activity was performed in ten of the 56 patients. Twenty-eight of the 56 cases (50%) expressed MRP1. MRP1 expression was more frequent in MDS-AML than in MDS (70% vs. 36%). The efflux test using CAM was positive in three out of the ten patients tested. The results were in agreement with expression of MRP1 in six cases, and were discordant in four cases (1 MRP-/CAM+, 3 MRP+/CAM-). No correlation was observed between MRP1 expression and P-gp, lung resistance-associated protein (LRP) or CD34 expression, although there was a trend for more frequent MRP1 expression in P-gp-positive cases in MDS-AML (P = 0.08). Ten of the 26 patients treated with intensive chemotherapy achieved complete remission including six out of 16 MRP1+ and four out of ten MRP1- cases (P = NS). In conclusion, MRP1 expression was correlated with disease stage in MDS in our study. As for P-gp, discordant expression/function of MRP1 could be found in some cases, suggesting the existence of non-functional transport proteins in MDS. MRP1 expression did not seem to be a prognostic factor in MDS in our experience.
    British Journal of Haematology 10/2000; 110(3):591-8. · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    Haematologica 07/2000; 85(6):664-5. · 5.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chromosomal translocations involving the chromosome 3q27 region are common in B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), mainly diffuse large cell lymphoma (DLCL) and less often in follicular lymphoma. Most of these rearrangements involve the same major translocation cluster (MTC) on the 3q27 region, disrupting the LAZ3/BCL6 gene. Some of those translocations are difficult to detect by cytogenetic analysis and/or Southern-blot analysis. In the present report we used a FISH assay to improve the detection of LAZ3/BCL6 rearrangements. We isolated a YAC clone (803g3), containing the BCL6 gene, in order to analyze by FISH 19 cases of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with cytogenetically detectable 3q27 rearrangement, including reciprocal translocation in 11 cases, deletion in two cases, and addition of undefined chromosomal material on 3q27 in six cases. In the 11 cases with reciprocal translocation, FISH results confirmed cytogenetic data and showed disruption of the LAZ3 region: four t(3;4)(q27;p13), two t(3;11)(q27;q23.1), four t(3;14)(q27;q32) and one t(2;3)(p12;q27). In two of the cases, reciprocal t(3;14) was associated with other cytogenetically detectable abnormalities of 3q27, but FISH showed that they did not affect the LAZ3 gene region. FISH demonstrated a reciprocal translocation with LAZ3 gene rearrangement in two of the six patients with add 3q27: one t(3;11) and one t(3;14). In the two patients with del(3q27), one had two 3q27 FISH signals and one had only one 3q27 FISH signal, but no LAZ3 gene rearrangement was observed. We have identified a YAC containing the LAZ3/BCL6 gene. This YAC probe could be useful in clinical practice to demonstrate LAZ3 rearrangements by FISH analysis on tumor samples in NHL.
    The Hematology Journal 02/2000; 1(2):117-25. · 1.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A small number of chronic myeloproliferative disorders with hematologic features of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) or atypical chronic myeloid leukemia and Ph1 chromosome with m-BCR rearrangement have been reported (p190 CMPD). We report here 3 new cases of p190 CMPD that had unusual features. In 2 of the cases the m-BCR rearrangement appeared to be a secondary event. Patients were studied by cytogenetic, FISH, and molecular biology analyses and followed-up clinically. The first patient initially had typical 5q- syndrome, without m-BCR rearrangement. Five years later, she developed hematologic features of CMML, with t(9;22) translocation, m-BCR rearrangement and high levels of p190 BCR-ABL transcript. The second patient initially had hematologic characteristics of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with t(9;22) translocation and m-BCR rearrangement but also other complex cytogenetic findings including 17p rearrangement. Monocytosis developed during the course of the disease. The third patient initially had agnogenic myeloid metaplasia (AMM). Five years later, while the hematologic characteristics were still those of AMM, a first karyotype showed a t(9;22) translocation and molecular analysis showed a very low level of p190 BCR-ABL transcript. Four years later, the patient developed hematologic features of atypical CML with blood monocytosis, t(9;22) and much greater (100 fold) p190 BCR-ABL transcript levels. Our 3 cases and review of the previously published cases show the variability of clinical features of p190 positive CMPD. Our results also suggest that, at least in some cases, p190 BCR-ABL rearrangement could be a secondary event in the course of a myeloid disorder.
    Haematologica 01/2000; 84(12):1075-80. · 5.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Quantitative competitive RT-PCR techniques have been developed to detect BCR-ABL fusion transcripts in CML but they are hardly reproducible. In this work, we have developed BCR-ABL quantification by real time RT-PCR using the ABI PRISM 7700 (Perkin Elmer), a new technique which allows simple and rapid quantification of a target sequence during the extension phase of PCR amplifications. A fluorogenic probe labeled with both a reporter dye at the 5' end and a quencher-dye at the 3' end hybridizes to the target sequence on the third exon of the ABL gene. The exonuclease activity of the Taq DNA polymerase cleaves the probe and releases the reporter dye, resulting in an increase in the fluorescence signal. The absolute copy number of the target sequence (BCR-ABL) or a control gene (ABL) in an unknown sample can then be calculated using a calibration curve prepared from a set of BCR-ABL RNA standards, and results are expressed as a BCR-ABL/ABL ratio. In our hands, the sensitivity of a serial dilution of total RNA from a positive cell line (K562) in a negative cell line (HL60) was 10(-4). Fifteen CML patients in cytogenetic CR, including 11 allografted patients, two autografted patients and two patients treated by IFN were studied sequentially by this new real time quantitative RT-PCR technique in parallel with conventional qualitative two round nested RT-PCR. The two autografted patients showed high BCR-ABL/ABL ratio in all samples. The two patients treated by IFN showed a progressive decrease in the ratio. In the 11 allografted patients, four were sequentially studied 2 years or more after allo-BMT, and all ratios were below 10(-4). The four patients remained in clinical and cytogenetic CR. The seven other allografted patients were studied immediately after the procedure. Three of them showed a progressive decrease in the BCR-ABL/ABL ratio which reached 10(-4) 7 months after allo-BMT. The three patients remained in hematologic and cytogenetic CR. The remaining four allografted patients had progressive increase of BCR-ABL ratio; three developed cytogenetic relapse 9, 11, 28 months after allo-BMT, and the last patient remained in cytogenetic CR in the bone marrow but developed granulocytic sarcoma. Results of real-time quantitative RT-PCR were in agreement with those of qualitative two round nested PCR. However, evolution changes in the results of real-time quantitative RT-PCR often preceded those of the conventional technique: a decrease of the BCR-ABL/ABL ratio preceded progression from first round to second round positivity and then negativity with the classical technique; conversely, an increase in the ratio preceded evolution with the classical technique. Thus, real-time quantitative RT-PCR may show better correlation with clinical and cytogenetic evolution than conventional qualitative techniques and may help in making early therapeutic decisions in CML, especially after molecular relapse.
    Leukemia 07/1999; 13(6):957-64. · 10.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Methods of minimal residual disease (MRD) detection in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) include chromosome analysis, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) techniques. We report a novel method to detect intracellular BCR-ABL messenger on single cells using in situ RT-PCR, which can be performed on blood and marrow slides, without extraction of the nucleic acid. After cellular permeabilization and fixation, the mRNA BCR-ABL was reverse transcribed and amplified by PCR using digoxigenin-labelled dUTP. The reaction was revealed with the anti-digoxigenin FITC antibody. On the fluorescent microscope, a strong positive green fluorescence signal was observed in 98-99% cells in Ph1-positive cell lines. A faint signal was detected in 1.5% and 2% of negative cell lines. Likewise, a faint signal was found in 1.6-2.8% of the cells in five normal controls (mean 2.2 +/- 1.1%). The positive threshold for in situ RT-PCR was therefore determined as mean + 2 s.d. = 4.4% cells. We used in situ RT-PCR by comparison to cytogenetics (at least 30 mitoses examined), and two-step RT-PCR (10(-6) sensitivity in our hands) in bone marrow samples from 13 CML patients: two patients at diagnosis and 11 patients in hematological remission after alpha interferon (three patients), hydroxyurea (one patient) autologous bone marrow transplantation (BMT) (one patient) and allogeneic BMT (six patients). In the two diagnostic patients, 90 and 95% cells were respectively strongly positive by in situ RT-PCR. In the six patients treated by allogeneic BMT, the median percentage of positive cells was 2.4% (range 1.8-3.2). All six patients had normal karyotype and negative two-step RT-PCR results. In the five other patients, two were treated by hydroxyurea alone or autologous BMT, and 11 and 13% of the cells were strongly positive; three were treated with interferon and 14-62% of the cells were positive, generally weakly. All five patients had persistence of Ph1 (in 9-56% mitoses), and positive RT-PCR results after one round. In conclusion, in situ RT-PCR can specifically identify cells with BCR-ABL transcript and its results are concordant with those of karyotype and RT-PCR. Because of its limited sensitivity and specificity, however, it appears to have limited value in the analysis of MRD. On the other hand, it can evaluate the presence and intensity of BCR-ABL fusion transcript at the single cell level, and this could be useful in treatment monitoring.
    Leukemia 06/1999; 13(5):818-23. · 10.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Drug resistance often results in failure of anticancer chemotherapy in leukemias. A large number of studies have been published on the effect of P-glycoprotein (Pgp) expression on prognosis in AML. However, a consensus has been difficult to reach, due to the variable results obtained by different laboratories. Pgp expression was investigated here in bone marrow samples from 34 patients with AML including 19 newly diagnosed cases and 15 relapsing patients. Pgp expression was performed by immunocytochemistry (ICC) using the aviding-biotin-peroxydase technique with JSB1 and UIC2 MoAbs. Flow cytometry (FCM) analysis of Pgp expression was performed using UCI2 MoAbs in an indirect immunofluorescent assay without cell permeabilization. Rhodamine 123 (Rh 123) uptake was measured in the presence or absence of verapamil. Result was discordant in only 1/20 samples studied with both JSB1 and UIC2 by ICC. Results of Pgp expression were consistent on FCM and ICC in 23 of the 28 (82%) samples tested. Overall, Pgp expression was observed by ICC or FCM in 23 (67%) patients, including 11 (58%) newly diagnosed patients and 12 (80%) patients in relapse. Functional Rh123 efflux (Rh123+) was observed in 20 cases (59%): 10 de novo AML (53%) vs 10 AML in relapse (67%). The functional efflux was correlated with Pgp expression in 25 of the 34 cases analyzed (p = 0.013). 3 (9%) and 6 (18%) samples were Pgp-/Rh123+ and Pgp+/Rh123- respectively. Nine of the 14 pts (64%) treated with intensive anthracyclin-Ara C chemotherapy achieved complete remission, including 5/5 (100%) Pgp- cases vs 4/9 (44%) Pgp+ cases (p = 0.04) and 4/6 (67%) Rh 123- vs 4/7 (57%) Rh123+ cases (p = 0.5). In conclusion, assessment of Pgp expression by ICC and FMC using 2 different MoAbs coupled with functional efflux analysis confirms that Pgp expression is correlated with disease stage and response to treatment in AML. Discordant Pgp/Rh123 cases suggest a non functional Pgp or another alteration of drug transport.
    Advances in experimental medicine and biology 02/1999; 457:57-63. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: P glycoprotein (Pgp) expression is associated with failure of anticancer chemotherapy in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, a consensus has been difficult to reach, due to the variable results obtained by different methods. Samples of 27 patients with AML were studied here according to international recommendations (Beck, et al. , Cancer Research 1996; 56: 3010-20). Pgp expression was performed by immunocytochemistry (ICC) using the avidin-biotin peroxidase technique with JSB1 and UIC2 monoclonal antibodies. Flow cytometry (FCM) analysis of Pgp was investigated using UIC2 in an indirect immunofluorescent assay. UIC2 staining was measured by the Kolmogorov-Smirnov statistical test and fluorescence intensity ratio. Finally, the rhodamine 123 test (Rh 123) with or without verapamil was performed to detect functional activity. Results: by ICC, results of JSB1 and UIC2 were consistent in 94% of the cases. In 74% of the cases, concordant conclusions were observed by ICC and FCM. Overall, Pgp expression was detected in 67% of the cases (ICC/JSB1+ and ICC/UIC2+ or FCM/UIC2+). Functional activity of Pgp was shown in 59% of the patients. Rh 123 efflux was correlated with Pgp expression in 70% of the 27 studied cases but 3 cases were Pgp-/Rh 123+ and 5 Pgp+/Rh 123-. In conclusion, assessment of Pgp expression by ICC and FCM using two different monoclonal antibodies coupled with functional efflux test is required to identify discordant expression/function cases suggesting a non functional Pgp or another alteration of drug transport.
    Annales de biologie clinique 01/1999; 57(5):595-600. · 0.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Increased apoptosis of myeloid precursors appears to contribute to the pathophysiology of cytopenias in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Fas /APO-1(CD95) is a cell surface protein inducing an apoptotic signal after its binding to Fas ligand or to a functional anti-Fas antibody. Here we studied Fas expression by immunocytochemistry on marrow slides from 30 cases of MDS. Increased Fas expression in erythroblasts and/or immature granulocytes, compared to controls, was seen in 12 (40%) of the cases. In addition, in 16 of the 18 cases with > or = 5% marrow blasts, a variable proportion of blasts expressed Fas. Increased apoptosis was found by morphological analysis and/or TUNEL technique in marrow cells from 8 of the 26 cases analyzed (31%) The ability of Fas antigen to trigger apoptosis was studied after addition of a functional anti Fas antibody in 5 of the patients with Fas overexpression. Addition of this antibody, however, only lead to mild increase of apoptosis in immature granulocytes (but not other myeloid cells) in 2 of the 5 cases. Thus, increased Fas expression is seen in myeloid and/or blast cells in the majority of MDS cases. However, the relationship between this finding and increased apoptosis in MDS still remains to be established.
    Leukemia and Lymphoma 07/1998; 30(3-4):307-12. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The major vault lung resistance protein LRP is a cytoplasmic protein involved in drug resistance, especially in acute myeloid leukemia. We looked for LRP overexpression, using immunocytochemistry with LRP 56 monoclonal antibody, on marrow slides from 41 cases of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). LRP overexpression (LRP+) was defined by expression of LRP 56 in at least 20% of marrow blasts. LRP overexpression was seen in 19 (46%) cases. Concordant results between LRP overexpression and P-glycoprotein (PGP) expression were seen in 66% of the cases (p = 0.03), and discordant results (LRP+ and PGP-, or LRP- and PGP+) in 33% of the cases. No correlation was seen between LRP overexpression and FAB type, karyotype, CD34, p53 expression and bcl2 overexpression in blasts. Furthermore, in the 18 cases treated with anthracycline-AraC intensive chemotherapy and the 7 cases treated with low dose AraC, the response rate was not significantly different in LRP+ and LRP- patients. Survival was also similar in LRP+ and LRP- patients. In conclusion, LRP overexpression is probably more frequent in MDS than in de novo AML and, as in AML, is only partially correlated with PGP expression. In our experience, however, LRP was not a prognostic factor for response to chemotherapy and survival in MDS.
    Leukemia and Lymphoma 06/1998; 29(5-6):547-51. · 2.30 Impact Factor
  • Transfusion Clinique Et Biologique - TRANSFUS CLIN BIOLOGIQUE. 01/1998; 5.
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    ABSTRACT: Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) is a frequent condition in patients over 50 years old, that ultimately leads to multiple myeloma (MM) in 20% of patients after 20 to 35 years of follow-up. Little is known about cytogenetic changes associated with this condition. We studied 19 MGUS patients both at diagnosis and after 12 to 35 months of follow-up (mean = 26), using DNA content measurement of bone marrow plasma cells (BMPC), and a new interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization technique (FISH) allowing the simultaneous identification of monotypic BMPC (fluorescent anti light-chain antibodies) and the determination of the number of copies for two different chromosomes within the same PC nucleus (one biotin-labeled probe coupled next to texas red avidin and one FITC-labeled probe). At diagnosis of the MGUS, single interphase FISH showed at least one numeric chromosome change in 13 of 19 patients, after the use of centromeric probes directed against chromosomes no. 3, no. 7, no. 9, and no. 11. At follow-up, abnormalities found at diagnosis in 13 patients were still shown. Moreover, abnormalities occurred in three of the last six patients (trisomy for one to three different chromosomes), although no patient evolved into MM. Dual interphase FISH showed that some BMPC bore numeric changes with both probes tested whereas other BMPC bore abnormality with only one of the probes tested. In patients who showed trisomy for at least three different chromosomes, distribution of numeric changes within BMPC defined significant numbers of up to seven different BMPC clones. All these various clones were shown both at diagnosis and at follow-up. In every patient, these various clones differed only for the number of abnormalities they exhibited, and could be related to each other in a model of gradual acquisition of chromosome changes. Eventually, data reported here show that MGUS patients acquire slowly, gradually, but ineluctably chromosome changes, distributed within several related subclones. However, these changes are not related to transformation into MM: among the various clones coexisting within the same patient, a peculiar change, still to demonstrate, might develop and lead to overt MM.
    Blood 12/1997; 90(9):3682-90. · 9.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Quality Assessment Program undertaken at the Regional University Hospital of Lille benefits from previous experience making management of this project possible: continuing education, preliminary initiation into the quality approach, and existing reference systems. The aims are to master the rates of outdated and no longer efficient red cell concentrates, to control red cell concentrate delivery time, to validate the refrigeration line integrity and to ensure a flawless marking out process. The process studied is transverse, with those taking part in it belonging to several professional categories. The method will consist in a process identification, its description and characterization according to FMECA (Failure Mode Effects and Criticality Analysis), the creation of a new process and its improvement. Thus failures should be identified and classified hierachically. The corrective actions will consist in communication aids, an education program, blood product transport and blood depot reorganization, data processing improvement and medical equipment acquisition. Quality indicators are developed according to the objectives of the study, and progress indicators are developed as a periodical assessment of blood transfusion practice. This ambitious project relies on the involvement of Hospital Management and referent network. These referents facilitate the improvement processes for those taking part in this process.
    Transfusion Clinique et Biologique 11/1997; 4(5):469-84. · 0.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Balloon coronary angioplasty is a revascularization procedure which increases the luminal diameter at a site of arterial stenosis, leading to mechanical disruption of the atherosclerotic plaque and to stretching of the vascular wall (1). This procedure can be complicated by thrombosis or restenosis, which occur in 5% and 30% of the cases respectively (2). These complications probably result from exposure of blood to components of atherosclerotic plaque, subendothelium and components of vascular wall, leading to activation of coagulation (thrombin generation) and platelets (3,4). Recent data point to simultaneous increase of leukocyte adhesive receptors, indicating an additional process of leukocyte activation, which could play a key role in the vascular healing process after angioplasty (5). These elements could also play a role in the thrombotic and stenotic complications.
    Thrombosis Research 11/1997; 88(2):237-43. · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The mononuclear cells in the peripheral blood are implicated in the myeloma process especially with the presence of peripheral blood plasma cells (PBPC) and clonal B lymphocytes found using phenotypic or gene rearrangement techniques. The purpose of this study was to look for aneuploidy in the two main B cell components of the peripheral blood: PBPC and CD20-positive B lymphocytes. Conventional cytogenetics (CC) or DNA content analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with centromeric probes were performed on bone marrow plasma cells (BMPC) of 21 patients with multiple myeloma and peripheral blood cells were studied as follows: immunostaining to look for PBPC and to assess their number, image analysis cytometry for the determination of their DNA content, and FISH chromosomes analysis. FISH was performed using probes against the chromsomes that were lost or gained in BMPC and was coupled with immunostaining of the relevant light chain or CD20 antigen to study PBPC or B lymphocytes, respectively. Monotypic PBPC were found in 16 patients. Their DNA content was the same or nearly the same as for BMPC and they exhibited the same monosomies or trisomies as those found within their BM counterpart. By contrast, DNA content of mononuclear cells other than PBPC was within normal ranges, and in 13 of 15 patients CD20-positive B lymphocytes failed to show chromosomal changes by FISH analysis. In two patients however, a few CD20+ cells with lymphoid morphology exhibited chromosome changes, hypothesizing that a few cytogenetically abnormal B cells without plasmocytic morphology may circulate. From these data, we conclude that PBPC share the same genetic abnormalities as BMPC and thus belong to the malignant clone, whereas most peripheral blood B lymphocytes are unrelated to the tumor clone.
    Leukemia 08/1997; 11(7):1034-9. · 10.16 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

796 Citations
37 Downloads
306.94 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1987–2000
    • Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire de Lille
      Lille, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
  • 1999
    • Unité Inserm U1077
      Caen, Lower Normandy, France
  • 1997
    • CHRU de Strasbourg
      Strasburg, Alsace, France
  • 1991
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Rouen
      Rouen, Upper Normandy, France